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2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 796-801, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351669

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) reflects host systemic inflammatory response and has been reported to be significant as a prognostic indicator in cancer-bearing patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of GPS in outcomes of patients with severe aortic stenosis who were treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: The study population consisted of 79 patients who underwent TAVI due to severe aortic stenosis between January 2018 and March 2019 in our clinic. Echocardiographic and laboratory data were recorded before the procedure and GPS was scored as 0, 1, or 2, based on serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels. European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II scoring system was used for risk stratification. The primary endpoints of the study were postoperative in-hospital mortality, hospitalization due to cardiac causes, or mortality within a year. Results: The 79 patients were classified into two groups according to outcomes. Fifteen patients (19%) reached the primary endpoints at one year of follow-up. Compared to the patients who did not reach the endpoints, these 15 patients were not different in terms of age, preoperative mean gradient, and ejection fraction (P>0.05 for all). GPS was the only laboratory parameter with statistically significant difference between the groups (P=0.008) and multivariate analysis showed that GPS was independent predictor of primary endpoints (P=0.012, odds ratio 4.51, 95% confidence interval 1.39-14.60). Conclusion: GPS is an easy, noninvasive laboratory test which may be used as a predictive biomarker for outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aortic Valve/surgery , Prognosis , Time Factors , Biomarkers , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 1018-1027, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350022

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A proteína C-reativa (PCR) é um biomarcador de inflamação preditor de eventos adversos em procedimentos cardiovasculares. Na avaliação do implante da válvula aórtica transcateter (transcatheter aortic valve implantation, TAVI) em relação ao prognóstico de longo prazo ainda é incipiente. Objetivo: Avaliar a PCR como marcador prognóstico no primeiro ano pós-TAVI na estenose aórtica (EAo). Métodos: A PCR foi avaliada na primeira semana do peroperatório numa coorte de casos retrospectiva com EAo. Correlacionou-se a PCR pré- e pós-TAVI com a mortalidade e foram pesquisados fatores preditores de mortalidade em 1 ano. Realizada regressão de Cox multivariada para identificar os preditores independentes de óbito em 1 ano. Resultados: Estudados 130 pacientes submetidos a TAVI, com mediana de idade de 83 anos, sendo 49% deles do sexo feminino. A PCR pré-TAVI elevada (> 0,5 mg/dL) ocorreu em 34,5% dos casos. O pico de PCR foi 7,0 (5,3-12,1) mg/dL no quarto dia. A mortalidade em 1 ano foi 14,5% (n = 19), sendo maior nos grupos com PCR pré-TAVI elevada (68,8% vs 29,1%; p = 0,004) e pico de PCR ≥ 10,0 mg/dL (64,7% vs 30,8%; p = 0,009). Os fatores preditores independentes de mortalidade foram insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) [razão de risco (RR) = 7,43; intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%), 2,1-24,7; p = 0,001], PCR pré-TAVI elevada [RR = 4,15; IC95%, 1,3-12,9; p=0,01] e hemotransfusão volumosa [HR = 4,68; 1,3-16,7; p = 0,02]. Conclusões: A PCR pré-TAVI elevada mostrou-se fator preditor independente de mortalidade no primeiro ano, assim como a ocorrência de IRA e hemotransfusões volumosas.


Abstract Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammation biomarker that can be a predictor of adverse events in cardiovascular procedures. Its use in the assessment of long-term prognosis of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is still incipient. Objective: To evaluate CRP as a prognostic marker in the first year after TAVI in aortic stenosis (AoS). Methods: CRP was assessed on the first postoperative week in a retrospective cohort of patients with AoS. Pre- and post- CRP levels were correlated with mortality, and predictors of 1-year mortality were investigated. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to identify independent factors of 1-year mortality. Results: This study evaluated 130 patients who underwent TAVI, with median age of 83 years, and 49% of women. High pre-TAVI CRP (> 0.5 mg/dL) was observed in 34.5% of the cases. Peak CRP was 7.0 (5.3-12.1) mg/dL no quarto dia. The rate of 1-year mortality was 14.5% (n = 19), being greater in the groups with high pre-TAVI CRP (68.8% vs 29.1%; p = 0,004) and with peak CRP ≥ 10.0 mg/dL (64.7% vs 30.8%; p = 0,009). Independent predictors of mortality were acute renal failure (ARF) (hazard ratio [HR] = 7.43; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 2.1-24.7; p = 0,001), high pre-TAVI CRP (HR 4.15; 95%CI, 1.3-12.9; p = 0.01), and large blood transfusion [HR 4,68; 1,3-16,7; p = 0.02]. Conclusions: High pre-TAVI CRP showed to be an independent predictor of 1-year mortality, as well as the presence of ARF and large blood transfusions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/metabolism , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aortic Valve/surgery , Prognosis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1311-1316, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351458

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: According to recent studies, the rate of atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacing in patients following transcatheter aortic valve implantation varied between 5.7% and 42.5%. Fragmented QRS is a useful marker of myocardial scar and can predict adverse cardiac events. In this study, we examined association between f ragmented QRS and postprocedural rhythm disturbances and the need for permanent pacing in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined association between fragmented QRS and postprocedural rhythm disturbances and the need for permanent pacing in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation' sentence is enough for it. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed standard 12-lead electrocardiographic recordings of 124 consecutive patients in whom a CoreValve prosthesis was implanted. We examined 12-lead electrocardiogram before and after procedure along with one- and six-month follow-up. We documented QRS fragmentation and postprocedural rhythm disturbances. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the frequency of left bundle branch block, (21.1 versus 0%, p<0.05) and the incidence of atrioventricular blocks requiring permanent pacing (21.1 versus 0%, p<0.05) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients whose preprocedural electrocardiogram recordings revealed fragmented QRS compared to those without fragmented QRS. Based our collected data, the presence of QRS fragmentation in anterior derivations was the only independent factor associated with postprocedural rhythm disturbances (B-value 0.217; OR 0.805; 95%CI 0.136-4.78; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: Our data showed an increased risk for the development of new-onset left bundle branch block and atrioventricular blocks following transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients whose baseline electrocardiogram recordings demonstrated QRS fragmentation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Pacemaker, Artificial , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2678-2684, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The past decade has witnessed an ever-increasing momentum of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and a subsequent paradigm shift in the contemporary management of severe aortic stenosis (AS). We conducted a multi-centric TAVR registry based on Chinese patients (the China Aortic valve tRanscatheter Replacement registrY [CARRY]) to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Chinese patients who underwent TAVR and compare the results between different valve types in different Chinese regions.@*METHODS@#CARRY is an all-comer registry of aortic valve disease patients undergoing TAVR across China and was designed as an observational study that retrospectively included all TAVR patients at each participating site. Seven hospitals in China participated in the CARRY, and 1204 patients from April 2012 to November 2020 were included. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-squared test, and continuous variables were analyzed using a t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the risk of adverse events during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was 73.8 ± 6.5 years and 57.2% were male. The median Society of Thoracic Surgeon-Predicted Risk of Mortality score was 6.0 (3.7-8.9). Regarding the aortic valve, the proportion of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) was 48.5%. During the hospital stay, the stroke rate was 0.7%, and the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block indicating permanent pacemaker implantation was 11.0%. The in-hospital all-cause mortality rate was 2.2%. After 1 year, the overall mortality rate was 4.5%. Compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV), those with BAV had similar in-hospital complication rates, but a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality (1.4% vs. 3.3%) and 1 year mortality (2.3% vs. 5.8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAVR candidates in China were younger, higher proportion of BAV, and had lower rates of post-procedural complications and mortality than other international all-comer registries. Given the use of early generation valves in the majority of the population, patients with BAV had similar rates of complications, but lower mortality than those with TAV. These findings further propel the extension of TAVR in low-risk patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#https://www.chictr.org.cn/ (No. ChiCTR2000038526).


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Male , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 680-687, out. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131356

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O implante valvar aórtico percutâneo (TAVR, do inglês Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement) reduz a mortalidade de pacientes portadores de estenose aórtica grave. O conhecimento da distribuição da pressão e tensão de cisalhamento na parede aórtica pode ajudar na identificação de regiões críticas, onde o processo de remodelamento aórtico pode ocorrer. Neste trabalho é apresentado um estudo de simulação computacional da influência do posicionamento do orifício valvar protético na hemodinâmica na raiz de aorta e segmento ascendente. Objetivos A presente análise apresenta um estudo da variação do padrão de fluxo devido a alterações no ângulo do orifício valvar. Métodos Um modelo tridimensional foi gerado a partir do exame de angiotomografia computadorizada da aorta de um paciente que foi submetido ao procedimento de TAVR. Diferentes vazões de fluxo foram impostas através do orifício valvar. Resultados Pequenas variações no ângulo de inclinação causaram mudanças no padrão de fluxo, com deslocamento na posição dos vórtices, na distribuição de pressão e no local de alta tensão cisalhante na parede aórtica. Conclusão Essas características hemodinâmicas podem ser importantes no processo de remodelamento aórtico e distribuição de tensão, além de auxiliar, em um futuro próximo, a otimização do posicionamento da prótese valvar percutânea. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Backgroud Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) can reduce mortality among patients with aortic stenosis. Knowledge of pressure distribution and shear stress at the aortic wall may help identify critical regions, where aortic remodeling process may occur. Here a numerical simulation study of the influence of positioning of the prosthetic valve orifice on the flow field is presented. Objective The present analysis provides a perspective of great variance on flow behavior due only to angle changes. Methods A 3D model was generated from computed tomography angiography of a patient who had undergone a TAVR. Different mass flow rates were imposed at the inlet valve. Results Small variations of the tilt angle could modify the nature of the flow, displacing the position of the vortices, and altering the prerssure distribution and the location of high wall shear stress. Conclusion These hemodynamic features may be relevant in the aortic remodeling process and distribution of the stress mapping and could help, in the near future, the optimization of the percutaneous prosthesis implantation. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aorta , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Prosthesis Design , Treatment Outcome , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hemodynamics
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 504-511, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137287

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Recently, the clinical significance of mild paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) has been evaluated and suggested that it can be predictor of clinical outcomes. In our study, we aimed to investigate the interaction of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and mild PAR and their effects on the functional status of patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: A total of 109 consecutive patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis were enrolled prospectively. After TAVI procedure, they were divided in to three groups according to PAR and PWV measurements. Patients without PAR were defined as the NonePAR group (n=60), patients with mild PAR and normal PWV were defined as the MildPAR-nPWV group (n=23), and patients with mild PAR and high PWV were defined as the MildPAR-hPWV group (n=26). Results: Compared with other groups, the MildPAR-hPWV group was older (P<0.001), hypertensive (P=0.015), and had a higher pulse pressure (P=0.018). In addition to PWV, this group had lower aortic regurgitation index (ARI) (P=0.010) and higher rate of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II (at least) patients (P<0.001) in 30-day follow-up period. On multivariate regression analysis, the MildPARhPWV group (odds ratio=1.364, 95% confidence interval 1.221-1.843; P=0.011) as well as N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and ARI were independently related with 30-day functional NYHA classification. However, NonePAR or MildPAR-nPWV group was not an independent predictor of early functional status. Conclusion: It was concluded that high PWV may adversely affect early functional status in patients with mild PAR in contrast to normal values following TAVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Pulse Wave Analysis
9.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(3): 173-181, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058060

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: En pacientes con estenosis Aórtica (EA) severa sintomática, el implante de válvula aórtica percutánea transcatéter (TAVI) por vía transfemoral constituye el estándar de tratamiento en aquellos de riesgo quirúrgico intermedio o alto. El uso de un abordaje minimalista ha demostrado ser seguro y efectivo, si bien no existen reportes sobre la realidad nacional Métodos: Estudio descriptivo sobre la experiencia con pacientes sometidos al implante de TAVI bajo un protocolo minimalista en Unidad de Cardiología Intervencional y Hemodinamia del Hospital Sótero del Río desde Enero de 2018. Se analizaron las variables clínicas de los pacientes y del procedimiento así como desenlaces clínicos intrahospitalarios y seguimiento alejado. Resultados: Entre Enero 2018 hasta Abril 2019, un total de 10 pacientes fueron sometidos al implante de TAVI por vía transfemoral. El score STS-PROM promedio fue de 7,1. Se logró un implante exitoso en el 100% de los casos con un gradiente medio residual de 8 mmHg y sin leak moderado a severo en ningún paciente. No hubo eventos cerebrovasculares isquémicos perioperatorios ni muerte en este grupo. Se requirió implante de marcapasos definitivo en 3 pacientes y un paciente presentó hematoma femoral perioperatorio que requirió transfusión de glóbulos rojos. La mediana de la estadía hospitalaria fue de 2 días. Conclusiones: El uso de una estrategia minimalista para el implante de TAVI en nuestra realidad nacional es seguro y aplicable. Los resultados perioperatorios y a 30 días fueron comparables a los descritos en experiencias internacionales.


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: In patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, transcatheter percutaneous aortic valve implant (TAVI) is the standard treatment in those with intermediate or high surgical risk. The use of a minimalist approach has proven to be safe and effective, although there are no reports on the national reality Methods: Descriptive study on the experience with patients undergoing TAVI implantation under a minimalist protocol at the Interventional Cardiology and Hemodynamics Unit of the Hospital Sótero del Río since January 2018. Clinical characteristics of the patients and the procedure were analyzed as well as intrahospital outcomes and at 30-days follow up. Results: Between January 2018 and April 2019, a total of 10 patients underwent TAVI implantation by transfemoral approach in our institution. The average STS-PROM score was 7.1. A successful implant was achieved in 100% of cases with an average residual gradient of 8 mmHg and no moderate to severe leak in any patient. There were no perioperative ischemic cerebrovascular events nor death in this group. A definitive pacemaker implant was required in 3 patients and one patient developed femoral hematoma that required red blood cell transfusion. The median hospital stay was 2 days. Conclusions: The use of a minimalist strategy for TAVI implantation in our national reality is safe and applicable. Immediate results and at 30-days follow up were comparable to those described in international experiences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Treatment Outcome , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/instrumentation
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(6): 1151-1154, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055066

ABSTRACT

Abstract Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an established treatment for severe aortic stenosis (AS) in patients with elevated surgical risk. Concomitant coronary artery disease affects 55-70% of patients with severe AS. Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with TAVI can be challenging. We report a case of acute coronary obstruction immediately following transapical TAVI deployment requiring emergent rotational atherectomy.


Resumo O implante valvar aórtico transcateter (TAVI) é um tratamento estabelecido para estenose aórtica grave (EA) em pacientes com risco cirúrgico elevado. Doença arterial coronariana concomitante afeta 55-70% dos pacientes com EA grave. A intervenção coronária percutânea em pacientes com TAVI pode ser um desafio. Relatamos um caso de obstrução coronariana aguda imediatamente após o implante de TAVI transapical, exigindo aterectomia rotacional emergencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Coronary Angiography , Atherectomy, Coronary/methods
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 318-326, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013462

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the impact of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) on the risk of early-term mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: Databases (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online [MEDLINE], Excerpta Medica dataBASE [EMBASE], Cochrane Controlled Trials Register [CENTRAL/CCTR], ClinicalTrials.gov, Scientific Electronic Library Online [SciELO], Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences [LILACS], and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published until February 2019. PPM after TAVI was defined as moderate if the indexed effective orifice area (iEOA) was between 0.85 cm2/m2 and 0.65 cm2/m2 and as severe if iEOA ≤ 0.65 cm2/m2. Results: The search yielded 1,092 studies for inclusion. Of these, 18 articles were analyzed, and their data extracted. The total number of patients included who underwent TAVI was 71,106. The incidence of PPM after TAVI was 36.3% (25,846 with PPM and 45,260 without PPM). One-year mortality was not increased in patients with any PPM (odds ratio [OR] 1.021, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.979-1.065, P=0.338) neither in those with moderate PPM (OR 0.980, 95% CI 0.933-1.029, P=0.423). Severe PPM was separately associated with high risk (OR 1.109, 95% CI 1.041-1.181, P=0.001). Conclusion: The presence of severe PPM after TAVI increased early-term mortality. Although moderate PPM seemed harmless, the findings of this study cannot not rule out the possibility of it being detrimental, since there are other registries that did not address this issue yet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prosthesis Failure/adverse effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , Treatment Failure , Risk Assessment
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 361-365, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013459

ABSTRACT

Abstract Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is an issue that has been overlooked (not to say neglected). Cardiac surgeons must bear in mind that this is a real problem that we must tackle. The purpose of this paper is to be a wake-up call to the surgical community by giving a brief overview of what PPM is, its incidence and impact on the outcomes. We also discuss the increasing role played by imaging for predicting and assessing PPM after SAVR (with which surgeons must become more acquainted) and, finally, we present some options to avoid PPM after the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prosthesis Failure/adverse effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , Treatment Failure , Risk Assessment , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/mortality
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(6): 559-566, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977467

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of mean perfusion pressure (mPP) in the development of acute kidney injury (AKIN) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: One hundred and forty seven consecutive patients with aortic stenosis (AS) were evaluated for this study and 133 of them were included. Mean arterial pressure (mAP) and central venous pressure (CVP) were used to calculate mPP before TAVI procedure (mPP = mAP-CVP). The occurrence of AKIN was evaluated with AKIN classification according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 recommendations. The patients were divided into two groups according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of their mPP levels (high-risk group and low-risk group). Results: The AKIN prevalence was 22.6% in this study population. Baseline serum creatinine level, glomerular filtration rate, amount of contrast medium, and the level of mPP were determined as predictive factors for the development of AKIN. Conclusion: The occurrence of AKIN is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates in patients with TAVI. In addition to the amount of contrast medium and basal kidney functions, our study showed that lower mPP was strongly associated with development of AKIN after TAVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Blood Pressure , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Survival Rate , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Contrast Media , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Cyprus/epidemiology , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-950218

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. Objective: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. Methods: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. Results: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. Conclusions: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Resumo Fundamento: A pós-dilatação com balão (PDB) é normalmente necessária para otimização do implante da válvula cardíaca transcateter (THV), uma vez que o "escape" ou leak paravalvar (PVL) após implante de valva aórtica transcateter está associada com desfecho ruim e mortalidade. A avaliação quantitativa da gravidade do PVL antes e após a PDB é mandatória para se avaliar adequadamente o PVL e, assim, melhorar os resultados e os desfechos do implante. Objetivo: Investigar uma avalição angiográfica quantitativa da regurgitação aórtica (RA) por videodensitometria (VD-RA) antes e após a PDB. Métodos: Resultados da VD-RA antes e após a PDB foram analisados em 61 casos. Resultados Houve diminuição significativa da VD-RA de 24,0(18,0-30,5)% para 12,0(5,5-19,0)% (p < 0,001; p < 0,05 bilateral foi definido como significância estatística). O delta relativo de VD-RA após a PDB variou de -100% (melhora) a +40% (piora) e o valor mediano foi -46,2%. As frequências de melhora, ausência de mudança, e piora foram 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) e 5% (n = 3), respectivamente. Observou-se RA significativo (VD-RA > 17%) em 47 pacientes (77%) antes e em 19 pacientes (31%) após a PDB. Conclusões: A VD-RA após o implante de THV possibilita a avaliação quantitativa da regurgitação pós-TAVI, e pode auxiliar na tomada de decisão quanto à realização ou não da PDB, bem como na avaliação de sua eficácia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Video Recording , Severity of Illness Index , Aortography , Densitometry , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(4): 362-370, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958425

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the behavior of platelets after transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for the treatment of degenerated bioprosthesis and how they correlate with adverse events upon follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 28 patients who received a valve-in-valve implant, 5 in aortic, 18 in mitral and 5 in tricuspid positions. Data were compared with 74 patients submitted to conventional redo valvular replacements during the same period, and both groups' platelet curves were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the IBM SPSS Statistics(r) 20 for Windows. Results: All patients in the valve-in-valve group developed thrombocytopenia, 25% presenting mild (<150.000/µL), 54% moderate (<100.000/µL) and 21% severe (<50.000/µL) thrombocytopenia. The platelet nadir was on the 4th postoperative day for aortic ViV, 2nd for mitral and 3rd for tricuspid patients, with the majority of patients recovering regular platelet count. However, the aortic subgroup comparison between valve-in-valve and conventional surgery showed a statistically significant difference from the 7th day onwards, where valve-in-valve patients had more severe and longer lasting thrombocytopenia. This, however, did not translate into a higher postoperative risk. In our study population, postoperative thrombocytopenia did not correlate with greater occurrence of adverse outcomes and only normal preoperative platelet count could significantly predict a postoperative drop >50%. Conclusion: Although thrombocytopenia is an extremely common finding after valve-in-valve procedures, the degree of platelet count drop did not correlate with greater incidence of postoperative adverse outcomes in our study population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/blood , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Thrombocytopenia/blood , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Platelet Count/methods , Reference Values , Reoperation , Time Factors , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Bioprosthesis/adverse effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Mitral Valve/surgery
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 286-290, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Rhythm abnormalities following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and indications for permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) were reviewed, which aren't well established in the current guidelines. New left bundle branch block and atrioventricular block are the most common electrocardiographic changes after TAVI. PPI incidence ranges from 9-42% for self-expandable and 2.5-11.5% for balloon expandable devices. Not only anatomical variations in conduction system have an important role in conduction disorders, but different valve characteristics and their relationship with cardiac structures as well. Previous right bundle branch block has been confirmed as one of the most significant predictors for PPI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(1): 1-7, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897979

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has been an alternative to invasive treatment for symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in high risk patients. The primary endpoint was 30-day and 1-year mortality from any cause. Secondary endpoints were to compare the clinical and echocardiographic variation pre-and post- transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and the occurrence of complications throughout a 4-year follow-up period. Methods: This prospective cohort, nestled to a multicenter study (Registro Brasileiro de Implante de Bioprótese por Cateter), describes the experience of a public tertiary center in transcatheter aortic valve replacement. All patients who underwent this procedure between October 2011 and February 2016 were included. Results: Fifty-eight patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The 30-day all-cause mortality was 5.2% (n=3) and after 1 year was 17.2% (n=10). A significant improvement in New York Heart Association functional classification was observed when comparing pre-and post- transcatheter aortic valve replacement (III or IV 84.4% versus 5.8%; P<0.001). A decline in peak was observed (P<0.001) and mean (P<0.001) systolic transaortic gradient. The results of peak and mean post-implant transaortic gradient were sustained after one year (P=0.29 and P=0.36, respectively). Left ventricular ejection fraction did not change significantly during follow-up (P=0.41). The most frequent complications were bleeding (28.9%), the need for permanent pacemaker (27.6%) and acute renal injury (20.6%). Conclusion: Mortality and complications in this study were consistent with worldwide experience. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement had positive clinical and hemodynamic results, when comparing pre-and post-procedure, and the hemodynamic profile of the prosthesis was sustained throughout follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(1): 32-37, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777440

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Introduction: the EuroSCORE II and STS are the most used scores for surgical risk stratification and indication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, its role as a tool for mortality prediction in patients undergoing TAVI is still unclear. Objective: to evaluate the performance of the EuroSCORE II and STS as predictors of in-hospital and 30-day mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. Methods: we included 59 symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis that underwent TAVI between 2010 and 2014. The variables were analyzed using Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test and the discriminative power was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) with a 95% confidence interval. Results: mean age was 81±7.3 years, 42.3% men. The mean EuroSCORE II was 7.6±7.3 % and STS was 20.7±10.3%. Transfemoral procedure was performed in 88.13%, transapical in 3.38% and transaortic in 8.47%. In-hospital mortality was 10.1% and 30-day mortality was 13.5%. Patients who died had EuroSCORE II and STS higher than the survivors (33.7±16.7vs. 18.6±7.3% p=0,0001 for STS and 13.9±16.1 vs. 4.8±3.8% p=0.0007 for EuroSCORE II). The STS showed an AUC of 0.81 and the EuroSCORE II of 0.77 and there were no differences in the discrimination ability using ROC curves (p=0.72). Conclusion: in this cohort, the STS and EuroSCORE II were predictors of in-hospital and 30-days mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI.


RESUMO Introdução: STS e EuroSCORE II são os escores mais utilizados para a estratificação de risco cirúrgico e indicação do implante de válvula aórtica transcateter (TAVI). Entretanto, seu papel como ferramenta para predição de mortalidade em pacientes submetidos ao TAVI ainda é incerto. Objetivo: avaliar o desempenho do EuroSCORE II e STS como preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em 30 dias em pacientes submetidos ao TAVI. Métodos: 59 pacientes com estenose aórtica importante submetidos ao TAVI entre 2010 e 2014. Variáveis foram analisadas por meio do teste t-Student e teste exato de Fisher, e o poder discriminativo foi avaliado pela curva ROC e área sob a curva, acompanhada de intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: a idade média foi de 81±7,3 anos, 42,3% homens. Média do EuroSCORE II foi de 6,07±7,3%, e do STS, 20,7±10,3%. Procedimento transfemoral foi realizado em 88,13%, transapical, em 3,38% e transaórtico, em 8,47%. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi 10,1%, e em 30 dias, 13,5%. Os pacientes que evoluíram para óbito apresentavam STS e EuroSCORE II mais elevados que os sobreviventes (33,7±16,7% vs. 18,6±7,3%; p=0,0001 para STS e 13,9±16,1% vs. 4,8±3,8%; p=0,0007 para EuroSCORE II). O STS apresentou AUC de 0,81, e o EuroSCORE II, 0,77. Não houve diferença na capacidade de discriminação pelas curvas ROC (p=0,72). Conclusão: STS e EuroSCORE II foram preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em 30 dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Risk Assessment/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/mortality , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/mortality , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Hospital Mortality , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects
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