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1.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371149

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Scrambler therapy é uma nova e não invasiva modalidade de eletroanalgesia com a intenção de organizar a má adaptação dos sinais elétricos de nervos periféricos. Objetivo: Avaliar o benefício clínico da Scrambler therapy no controle de intensidade da dor em pacientes oncológicos. Método: Revisão da literatura conforme a metodologia Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) nas bases de dados eletrônicas LILACS, PEDro, SciELO e PubMed. Foram combinados aleatoriamente os descritores: "Scrambler therapy", "cancer", "pain", assim como o uso dos operadores booleanos AND e OR, em português, inglês e espanhol, sem limite de tempo. Resultados: Foram incluídos 15 estudos que, após avaliação crítica, demonstraram benefício clínico na redução na intensidade da dor. A Scrambler therapy é baseada em cinco neurônios artificiais controlados por um algoritmo otimizado para fornecer segurança e eficácia. O hardware recebe informações do algoritmo que cria as sequências de caracteres "não-dor" e as processa, transformando-as em fluxos potenciais de ação sintéticos (isto é, criados pela tecnologia) funcionalmente compatíveis com os potenciais endógenos. Conclusão: Os resultados positivos encontrados nos estudos preliminares com a Scrambler therapy indicam benefícios no controle da dor oncológica


Introduction: Scrambler therapy is a novel, non-invasive pain modifying technique that utilizes transcutaneous electrical stimulation of pain fibers with the intent of re-organizing maladaptive signaling pathways. Objective: Evaluate the benefits of Scrambler therapy to manage the intensity of pain in oncologic patients. Method: Integrative literature review based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) in the electronic databases LILACS, PEDro, SciELO and PubMed. The descriptors "Scrambler therapy", "cancer", "pain" were randomly combined in addition to the Boolean operators AND, OR in Portuguese, English and Spanish with no time limitation. Results: For this review, 15 articles were found relevant. The Scrambler therapy machine is based on 5 artificial neurons controlled by an optimized algorithm to provide safety and effectiveness. The hardware receives information from the algorithm that creates the strings of "non-pain," and processes them by transforming into potential flows of synthetic action (i.e. created by technology) functionally compatible with endogenous flows. Pain scrambler therapy had a potential to decrease pain in cancer patients. Conclusion: The positive findings from preliminary studies with Scrambler therapy endorses the benefits this device provides to manage oncologic pain


Introducción: Scrambler therapy es una modalidad nueva y no invasiva de electroanalgesia con la intención de organizar la pobre adaptación de las señales eléctricas de los nervios periféricos. Objetivo: Estudiar si la Scrambler therapy influye en la intensidad del dolor en pacientes con cáncer. Método: Revisión integradora de la Literatura según la Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), mediante búsqueda realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, PEDro, SciELO y PubMed, utilizando las palabras clave "terapia Scrambler", "cáncer", "dolor", así como el uso de los operadores booleanos AND y OR, en portugués, inglés y español, sin límite de tiempo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 15 artículos relevantes para la revisión, que muestran una reducción en la intensidad del dolor. La Scrambler therapy se basa en cinco neuronas artificiales controladas por un algoritmo optimizado para proporcionar seguridad y eficacia. El hardware recibe información del algoritmo que crea las cadenas de "no dolor" y las procesa transformándolas en flujos de potenciales de acción sintéticos (es decir, creados por la tecnología) funcionalmente compatibles con los endógenos. Conclusión: Los resultados positivos encontrados en los estudios preliminares con la Scrambler therapy indican beneficios en el control del dolor por cáncer


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Pain Management , Cancer Pain/therapy , Neoplasms , Chronic Pain
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 787-793, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286772

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study compares the results achieved following parasacral TENS administered using two different weekly schedules. Materials and Methods: Children of at least four years of age with a diagnosis of pure overactive bladder were included in this randomized clinical trial and treated with parasacral TENS (2 versus 3 sessions per week). All the participants also underwent standard urotherapy. Results: Sixteen children were included in the twice-weekly group and eighteen in the three times weekly group. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups with respect to sex; however, there was a difference in age. There were no significant differences regarding complete resolution of urinary symptoms, with 8 children (50%) in the twice-weekly group and 11 children (61%) in the three times weekly group having their symptoms completely resolved (p=0.73). There was a significant difference in the DVSS score in both groups following TENS treatment compared to baseline (p=0.0001 for both groups), but not between groups. Evaluation of the bladder diary showed no difference between the groups before or after treatment. Conclusion: For children with overactive bladder who are unable to undergo parasacral TENS treatment three times weekly, the method can be administered successfully at twice-weekly sessions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/therapy , Research Design , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Medisan ; 25(3)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1287295

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Se denomina trastorno temporomandibular al conjunto de condiciones musculoesqueléticas que afectan la articulación temporomandibular, los músculos de la masticación y las estructuras anatómicas adyacentes. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de las terapias físicas en pacientes con trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular. Métodos: Se efectuó una intervención terapéutica en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, desde junio de 2016 hasta febrero de 2020. La muestra quedó conformada por 264 pacientes distribuidos en 4 grupos con 66 integrantes cada uno, a quienes se les aplicaron diferentes terapias físicas, tales como ultrasonido, laserterapia, magnetoterapia y técnica de estimulación eléctrica transcutánea, respectivamente. Se analizaron las siguientes variables: edad, grado de trastorno de la articulación temporomandibular y efectividad terapéutica. Se empleó el porcentaje como medida de resumen y el estadígrafo de Ji al cuadrado con un nivel de significación de 0,05. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino en todas las terapias aplicadas con más de 75,0 % y el grupo etario de 40 - 49 años. Al finalizar el tratamiento se observó que en los grupos donde se empleó ultrasonido, láser y magneto, la respuesta fue efectiva en más de 90,0 % de los pacientes, con primacía del primero (96,6 %); sin embargo, en el grupo donde se utilizó la técnica de estimulación eléctrica transcutánea solo se logró en 89,4 % de los afectados. Conclusiones: La ultrasonoterapia fue más efectiva en pacientes con trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular.


ABSTRACT Introduction: A temporomandibular disorder is a group of musculoskeletal conditions that affect the temporomandibular joint, the mastication muscles and the adjacent anatomical structures. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the physical therapies in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders. Methods: A therapeutic intervention was carried out in Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic from Santiago de Cuba, from June, 2016 to February, 2020. The sample was formed by 264 patients distributed in 4 groups with 66 members each one, to whom different physical therapies were applied, such as ultrasound, laser therapy, magnetotherapy and technique of transcutaneous electric stimulation, respectively. The following variables were analyzed: age, grade of dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint and therapeutic effectiveness. The percentage as summary measure and the chi-squared test were used with a significance level of 0.05. Results: There was a prevalence of the female sex in all the therapies applied with more than 75.0 % and the 40 - 49 age group. When concluding the treatment it was observed that in the groups where ultrasound, laser and magneto was used, the response was effective in more than 90.0 % of the patients, with primacy of the first one (96.6 %); however, in the group where the technique of transcutaneous electric stimulation was used it was just achieved in 89.4 % of the affected patients. Conclusions: The ultrasonotherapy was more effective in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders.


Subject(s)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Temporomandibular Joint/abnormalities , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Rehabilitation Services , Magnetic Field Therapy
7.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(2): 420-426, Maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254003

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A paroxismia de tronco encefálico, descrita em pacientes com esclerose múltipla (EM), caracteriza-se por episódios rápidos de vertigem e nistagmos evocados por movimentos cefálicos. A neuromodulação tem apresentado sucesso terapêutico em várias disfunções da EM, mas ainda não foi utilizada na paroxismia. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito aditivo da neuromodulação por estimulação elétrica neural transcutânea (TENS) na musculatura periocular em paciente com EM e paroxismia de tronco encefálico não responsiva à reabilitação clássica associada à medicação. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Avaliação do nistagmo com videonistagmógrafo, da sensibilidade cutânea facial com estesiômetro, do blefaroclônus por gravação em vídeo e da sensação dolorosa de forma subjetiva (descrição pessoal da paciente); execução de 10 sessões consecutivas semanais de exercícios oculares associados à TENS na musculatura do oblíquo inferior e reto lateral direitos. RESULTADO: Melhora da algia, do blefaroclônus, da vertigem e do nistagmo ocular direito. CONCLUSÃO: A neuromodulação com TENS parece ser uma terapia complementar válida para pacientes com EM e paroxismia de tronco não responsivos aos demais tratamentos clínicos, porém mais estudos são necessários para confirmar esse achado.


INTRODUCTION: Brainstem paroxysmia has been described in patients with multiple sclerosis, characterized by rapid episodes of nystagmus and vertigo evoked by cephalic movements. Neuromodulation has shown therapeutic success for several dysfunctions of multiple sclerosis, but it has not yet been used in paroxysmia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the additive effect of neuromodulation by transcutaneous electrical neural stimulation (TENS) on the periocular musculature in a patient with multiple sclerosis and brain stem paroxysmia that is not responsive to classical rehabilitation associated with medication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nystagmus evaluation with video nystagmography, facial skin sensitivity analysis with esthesiometer, video recording of blepharoclonus, and pain sensation subjectively quantification (by a personal description of the patient); execution of 10 eyes consecutive exercises sessions associated with TENS in the right lower oblique and lateral rectus muscles. RESULT: Improvement in pain, blepharoclonus, and right eye nystagmus. CONCLUSION: Neuromodulation with TENS seems to be a valid complementary therapy for patients with brainstem paroxysmia unresponsive to other clinical treatments, but more studies are needed to confirm this finding.


Subject(s)
Multiple Sclerosis , Nystagmus, Physiologic , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
8.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(2): 196-204, Maio 25, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284157

ABSTRACT

A dismenorreia primária é uma dor na região inferior do abdômen, antes ou durante a menstruação e independente de patologias pélvicas. Tratamentos fisioterapêuticos são alternativas para a melhora dos sintomas, dentre esses recursos, a estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS). O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o efeito terapêutico e analgésico da TENS interativa e convencional na dor secundária à dismenorreia primária. A aplicação da TENS, em ambos os grupos, foi realizada no primeiro dia do período menstrual por 35 minutos. Na TENS interativa todas as voluntárias optaram pelos seguintes parâmetros: frequência de 250 Hz, duração de pulso de 25 µs e intensidade conforme nível sensorial, sendo essa ou a duração do pulso reajustado, a cada 5 minutos, conforme houvesse necessidade. Na TENS convencional foi utilizado os seguintes parâmetros: frequência de 100 Hz, duração de pulso de 50 µs e com a intensidade conforme grupo anterior. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do software GraphPadPrism®, versão 5.0, sendo empregado o teste t de Student e com nível de significância de p < 0,05. Obteve-se como resultado uma redução da dor entre as participantes de ambos os grupos logo após o tratamento. Porém não houve diferença na analgesia promovida pelos dois métodos de tratamento. (AU)


Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is a lower region of the abdomen pain, before or during menstruation and independent of pathologies. Physical therapy treatments are alternatives to improve symptoms, among these resources, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic and analytical effect of interactive and conventional TENS in high school in PD. The application of TENS, in both groups, was performed on the first day of the menstrual period for 35 minutes. In the interactive TENS all the volunteers chose the following parameters: frequency of 250 Hz, pulse duration of 25 µs and intensity according to sensory level, whether this or the duration of the readjustment of the pulse, every 5 minutes, according to the need for use. In conventional TENS, the following parameters were used: frequency of 100 Hz, pulse duration of 50 µs and intensity according to the previous group. A statistical analysis was performed using the GraphPadPrism® software, version 5.0, being employed Student's test with a significance level of p < 0.05. The result is a reduction in pain among participants in both groups right after treatment. However, there was no difference in the analgesia promoted by the two treatment methods. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Dysmenorrhea , Physical Therapy Modalities , Visual Analog Scale
9.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(1): 50-58, Fev. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252878

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da terapia comportamental associada à neuromodulação na bexiga e intestino neurogênicos na Doença de Parkinson. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo piloto. Os participantes, após assinarem o termo de consentimento, foram submetidos à avaliação das funções eliminatórias, qualidade de vida e estágio da doença por meio de instrumentos específicos. Os sujeitos realizaram dezesseis sessões de neuromodulação parassacral e acompanhamento da terapêutica comportamental. RESULTADOS: Na reavaliação apresentaram melhoras dos sintomas urinários, evacuatórios e dos domínios de qualidade de vida. Foi apresentado também aumento da capacidade vesical que embora não significativos já expressam melhora do quadro clínico expresso pelo paciente. Também observou-se melhora para frequência evacuatória, consistência das fezes e eliminação do esforço para evacuar. CONCLUSÃO: Sugere-se que a neuromodulação acrescida da terapêutica comportamental é uma técnica de baixo custo e com resultados significativos para os sintomas urinários e melhora dos valores de atividade de vida diária, bem-estar emocional, estigma, suporte social, cognição, comunicação e desconforto corporal medidos para qualidade de vida.


AIMS: The study aims to evaluate the effects of behavioral therapy associated with neuromodulation at neurogenic bladder and bowel on Parkinson's disease. METHODS: It is a pilot study. After signing consent forms, the participants had an evaluation of elimination functions, quality of life, and Parkinson's staging through specific instruments. Subjects had sixteen sessions of parasacral neuromodulation and cognitive behavioral therapy attendance. RESULTS: Revaluation showed improvement of urinary and evacuatory symptoms and quality of life domain. There was also an increase in bladder capacity which, although not significant, expresses improvement in the clinical condition expressed by the patient. Improvements at evacuatory frequency, feces consistency, and evacuation strain were also found. CONCLUSION: The study results suggest that neuromodulation associated with behavioral therapy is a low-cost procedure that shows significant results to urinary symptoms and improvements to the quality of life measurements to domains of activities of daily living, emotional well-being, stigma, social support, cognition, communication, and bodily discomfort.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Urinary Incontinence , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
10.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(1): 163-172, Fev. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253373

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Dismenorreia é a condição dolorosa mais frequente em adolescentes e mulheres jovens causando absenteísmo e presenteísmo no trabalho e na escola. É caracterizada por um quadro álgico leve, moderado ou severo na região pélvica anterior do tipo cólica, o qual pode acontecer antes, durante ou depois do fluxo menstrual. OBJETIVO: Comparar a influência da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) na dor pélvica causada pela dismenorreia primária com os eletrodos aplicados na região pélvica anterior e posterior. MÉTODOS: 50 universitárias foram aleatoriamente distribuídas em dois grupos de 25 voluntárias: Grupo Região Pélvica Anterior (GA) e Grupo Região Pélvica Posterior (GP), que foram submetidas a TENS durante 30 minutos tendo a intensidade aumentada a cada 10 minutos e avaliadas pela Escala Visual Analógica de Dor antes, depois e duas horas após o término do tratamento. As participantes do GA tiveram os eletrodos aplicados na região pélvica anterior e as do GB na região pélvica posterior. RESULTADOS: Houve uma diminuição do quadro álgico nos momentos antes e após o tratamento (GA e GP p<0,0001) e antes e duas horas após o tratamento (GA e GP p<0,0001). Nos momentos depois do tratamento e duas horas após o seu término foi possível observar aumento do quadro álgico no GA (p=1,0000) e diminuição no GP, porém os valores não foram estatisticamente significativos (p=0,8443). CONCLUSÃO: O uso da TENS contribuiu para a redução do quadro álgico das mulheres de ambos os grupos, sem diferença estatística entre estes. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-67cjv5.


INTRODUCTION: Dysmenorrhea is the most frequent painful condition in adolescents and young women that causes absenteeism and presenteeism at work and school. It is characterized by a mild, moderate, or severe pain in the anterior pelvic region of the colic type, which can happen before, during, or after menstrual flow. OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in pelvic pain caused by primary dysmenorrhea with the electrodes applied in the anterior and posterior pelvic region. METHODS: 50 university students were randomly assigned to two groups of 25 volunteers: Anterior Pelvic Region Group (GA) and Posterior Pelvic Region Group (GP), who were submitted to TENS for 30 minutes and the intensity increased every 10 minutes and evaluated by the Visual Analog Pain Scale before, after and two hours after the end of treatment. GA participants had the electrodes applied in the anterior pelvic region and GB in the posterior pelvic region. RESULTS: There was a decrease in the pain in the moments before and after treatment (GA and GP p<0.0001) and before and two hours after treatment (GA and GP p <0.0001). In the moments after the treatment and two hours after its end, it was possible to observe an increase in the pain in GA (p=1.0000) and a decrease in the GP, however, the values were not statistically significant (p=0.8443). CONCLUSION: The use of TENS contributed to the reduction of pain in women in both groups, without statistical difference between them. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-67cjv5.


Subject(s)
Dysmenorrhea , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Physical Therapy Modalities
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 213-217, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287826

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a short-term application of Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation to relieve rest pain in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. METHODS: In patients ³18 years old, with chronic limb-threatening ischemia and rest pain ³3 in the Visual Analogue Scale, without diabetic neuropathy were randomly assigned to 1) Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (100 Hz, 200 μs) or 2) sham intervention, both during one or two 20 min treatment sessions. The primary outcome was pain intensity, assessed by the visual analogue scale (0-10 cm) and described by the McGill Pain Questionnaire. We used a t-test for difference of means. RESULTS: A total of 169 patients were assessed, 23 met the study criteria and were randomized. Thirty-four applications were performed in two days: in the 17 Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation and 17 sham. The within-group analysis indicated a pain decrease in both groups (Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation, from 7-3.9 cm, p<0.0001, and sham from 5.8-3.2 cm, p<0.0001). No statistically significant difference was verified between-groups (p=0.5). CONCLUSIONS: Both groups showed a decrease in rest pain of 54 and 55%, respectively. However, there was no difference between short-term high-frequency Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation and sham intervention to relieve ischemic rest pain in chronic limb-threatening ischemia patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Pain , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Inpatients , Ischemia/therapy
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 389-406, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887676

ABSTRACT

As non-pharmaceutical interventions, non-invasive electrical neuromodulation techniques are promising in pain management. With many advantages, such as low costs, high usability, and non-invasiveness, they have been exploited to treat multiple types of clinical pain. Proper use of these techniques requires a comprehensive understanding of how they work. In this article, we reviewed recent studies concerning non-invasive electrical peripheral nerve stimulation (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and transcutaneous vagus/vagal nerve stimulation) as well as electrical central nerve stimulation (transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial alternating current stimulation). Specifically, we discussed their analgesic effects on acute and chronic pain, and the neural mechanisms thereof. We then contrasted the four kinds of nerve stimulation techniques, pointing out limitations of existing studies and proposing directions for future research. With more extensive and in-depth research to overcome these limitations, we shall witness more clinical applications of non-invasive electrical nerve stimulations to alleviate patients' pain and ease the crippling medical and economic burden imposed on patients, their families, and the entire society.


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Chronic Pain , Humans , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Vagus Nerve Stimulation
13.
Clinics ; 76: e3039, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of tibial nerve transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for an overactive bladder, considering the sites of application and frequency of attendance. METHODS: This multi-arm randomized controlled trial enrolled 137 adult women (61.0±9.0 years) with overactive bladder from a university hospital. They underwent 12 sessions of 30-min TENS application and were assigned to five groups: one leg, once a week (n=26); one leg, twice a week (n=27); two legs, once a week (n=26); two legs, twice a week (n=28); and placebo (n=30). Symptoms of overactive bladder and its impact on quality of life were evaluated before and after 6 or 12 weeks of treatment using the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire-V8 and voiding diary. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01912885. RESULTS: The use of one leg, once a week TENS application reduced the frequency of urgency episodes compared with the placebo (1.0±1.6 vs. 1.4±1.9; p=0.046) and frequency of incontinence episodes compared with the placebo (0.7±1.4 vs.1.4±2.2; p<0.0001). The one-leg, twice a week protocol decreased the urinary frequency compared with the two legs, once a week protocol (8.2±3.5 vs. 9.0±5.1; p=0.026) and placebo (8.2±3.5 vs. 7.9±2.7; p=0.02). Nocturia improved using the two legs, once a week protocol (1.5±1.8) when compared with the one leg, twice a week protocol (1.9±2.0) and placebo (1.7±1.6) (p=0.005 and p=0.027, respectively). Nocturia also improved using the two legs, twice a week protocol when compared with the one leg, twice a week protocol (1.3±1.2 vs.1.9±2.0; p=0.011). CONCLUSION: One-leg stimulation improved the daily urinary frequency, urgency, and incontinence, and the two-leg stimulation once and twice weekly improved nocturia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urinary Incontinence , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/therapy , Quality of Life , Tibial Nerve , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351217

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy on whole salivary flow in patients with xerostomia and healthy adults. Material and Methods: Thirty subjects with a history of xerostomia and subjects withunstimulated salivary flow equal to or less than 0.5 ml in 5 min were included in the study group, and 30 healthy subjects were included in the control group. Low forced spitting unstimulated saliva was collected for five minutes in a test tube fitted with a funnel. Then electrode pads of the TENS unit were applied bilaterally on skin overlying the parotid glands and at optimal intensity, stimulated saliva was collected for 5 minutes with the same method in a separate graduated test tube. The salivary flow rate (per minute) was calculated by dividing the amount of collected saliva (volume in mL) by the duration of collection period (5 minutes) and the salivary flow rates prior and after electrostimulation were compared for both groups. The Student's t-test (unpaired and paired) was performed for group-wise comparisons. Results: In study group, the mean unstimulated salivary flow rate was 0.07 ± 0.01 mL/min. There was an 85.71% increase in salivary flow (0.13 ± 0.03 mL/min) during the TENS application and the difference was highly significant (p<0.001). In control group, the mean unstimulated salivary flow rate was 0.37 ± 0.07 mL/min. There was a 21.62% increase in salivary flow (0.45 ± 0.07 mL/min) during the TENS application and the difference was highly significant (p<0.001). An increase in mean salivary flow rate both in males and females after TENS application in both groups (p<0.001) was noted. The difference between unstimulated, stimulated and mean difference in salivary flow rate between males and females was notstatistically significant in both groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: TENS can be an effective therapy in increasing whole salivary flow rates in patients with xerostomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Saliva/immunology , Xerostomia/pathology , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/instrumentation , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , India/epidemiology
15.
Fisioter. Bras ; 21(5): 510-524, Nov 19, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283581

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar uma revisão crítica da literatura sobre a atuação do fisioterapeuta durante o trabalho de parto e elaborar um manual com informações mais relevantes baseadas nesta pesquisa. Foram procurados artigos nas bases Scielo, PubMed/Medline, e Lilacs de 2006 até 2018. Após serem analisados, foram selecionados 13 artigos para a revisão, sendo 5 na Scielo, 6 na PubMed/Medline e 2 na Lilacs. Com esse levantamento pôde-se concluir que as intervenções fisioterapêuticas foram benéficas para o alívio da dor, na redução do tempo de trabalho de parto e da ansiedade e no aumento dos níveis de saturação de oxigênio, porém os estudos não encontraram eficácia da eletroestimulação elétrica transcutânea para os desfechos de alívio de dor no trabalho de parto. Palavras-chave: fisioterapia, trabalho de parto, dor de parto, gestante. (AU)


The objective of this literature review was the physiotherapist's performance during labor and ti elaborate a manual with the most relevant information found in this research. Articles were selected in the Scielo, PubMed/Medline and Lilacs databases from 2006 to 2018. After being analyzed for relevance, 13 articles were selected for review, being: 5 in Scielo, 6 in PubMed/Medline and 2 in Lilacs. Through this research, the studies demonstrated that the physiotherapeutic interventions were beneficial for the relief of pain, the reduction of labor time, the reduction of anxiety and the increase of levels of oxygen saturation. The studies did not find efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for pain relief outcomes in labor. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Labor, Obstetric , Physical Therapy Modalities , Anxiety , Pain , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Pregnant Women
17.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(2): 324-333, Maio 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223764

ABSTRACT

A esternotomia na cirurgia cardíaca é marcada por dor pós-operatória. Os medicamentos analgésicos são amplamente utilizados para aliviar esse sintoma, no entanto, apresentam vários efeitos adversos que variam de acordo com a classe terapêutica do medicamento utilizado. Portanto, o uso da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) aparece como uma alternativa não invasiva e de fácil aplicação para reduzir o uso de drogas em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. OBJETIVOS: Revisar sistematicamente os efeitos da TENS no tratamento da dor em pacientes no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca e sua repercussão nos parâmetros respiratórios. METODOLOGIA: Revisão sistemática utilizando a metodologia PICO e palavras-chave (TENS, dor, pacientes no pós-operatório, cirurgia cardíaca). Foram incluídos estudos publicados que abordaram os efeitos da TENS na dor de pacientes após cirurgia cardíaca e, como variável secundária, seu impacto nos parâmetros respiratórios, publicados em português ou inglês, nos anos de 2008 a 2019. Estudos não randomizados excluídos, relatos de casos , observações clínicas e revisões. Além disso, os operadores booleanos "and" e "or" foram utilizados. RESULTADOS: A busca resultou inicialmente em 265 artigos, dos quais 253 foram excluídos, restando 12 artigos. Ao final, foram incluídos 5 artigos. As amostras variaram de 20 a 120 participantes. Dos cinco estudos selecionados, quatro demonstraram redução no nível de dor após cirurgia cardíaca, variando sua aplicação do primeiro dia ao terceiro dia de pós-operatório. Essa redução da dor favoreceu uma diminuição no uso de drogas como a morfina. Além disso, com a redução da dor, houve uma melhora na força muscular ventilatória e nos volumes e capacidades pulmonares. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que a TENS é uma opção não medicamentosa que pode ser utilizada como adjuvante na redução da dor e, consequentemente, na melhoria da força muscular respiratória, volume e capacidade pulmonar, entre outros parâmetros, em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca.


Sternotomy in cardiac surgery is marked by postoperative pain. Analgesic drugs are widely used to relieve this symptom, however, with several adverse effects that vary according to the drug therapeutic class used. Therefore, the use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) appears as a noninvasive and easily applicable alternative for reducing the use of drugs in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effects of TENS in the treatment of pain in patients in the postoperative cardiac surgery and its repercussion on respiratory parameters. METHODOLOGY: Systematic review using the PICO methodology and keywords (TENS, pain, patients in the postoperative,cardiac surgery). Published studies that addressed the effects of TENS on the pain of patients after cardiac surgery were included and, as a secondary variable, its impact on respiratory parameters, published in Portuguese or English, in the years 2008 to 2019. Excluded nonrandomized studies, case reports, clinical observations and reviews. In addition, the Boolean operators "and" and "or" were used. RESULTS: The search initially resulted in 265 articles, of which 253 were excluded, 12 articles remained. At the end, 5 articles were included. The search initially resulted in 2165 articles. Of these, 2160 were excluded, of which 5 were selected. The samples ranged from 20 to 120 participants. Of the five studies selected, four demonstrated a reduction in the level of pain after cardiac surgery, varying its application from the first day to the third postoperative day. This reduction in pain favored a decrease in the use of drugs such as morphine. In addition, with the reduction of pain, there was an improvement in ventilatory muscle strength and lung volumes and capacities. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that TENS is a non-drug option that can be used as an adjunct in pain reduction and, consequently , improving respiratory muscle strength, lung volume and capacity , among other parameters, in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.


Subject(s)
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Pain , Thoracic Surgery
19.
Clinics ; 75: e1477, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089606

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) and transcutaneous parasacral stimulation on the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in elderly people and to compare the final results between groups. METHODS: Fifty female volunteers, mean age 68.62 (±5.9) years, were randomly allocated into two groups: those receiving TTNS (G1, N=25) and those receiving transcutaneous parasacral stimulation (G2, N=25). The primary outcome was the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-OAB) score, and secondary outcomes were the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - short form (ICIQ-SF) score and 3-day bladder diary measurements. Volunteers were assessed before and after the treatment. Clinical Trials (ReBeC): RBR-9Q7J7Y. RESULTS: Both groups' symptoms improved as measured by the ICIQ-OAB (G1 = <0.001; G2 = <0.001) and ICIQ-SF (G1 = <0.001; G2 = <0.001). In the 3-day bladder diary assessments after treatment, G1 showed a reduced number of nocturia (p<0.001), urgency (p<0.001) and urge urinary incontinence episodes (p<0.001), whereas G2 showed only a reduced number of nocturia episodes (p<0.001). No difference between groups was found. CONCLUSION: Both of the proposed treatments were effective in the improvement of OAB symptoms, but TTNS showed a reduction in a greater number of symptoms as measured by the 3-day bladder diary. No differences were found between groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sacrum/innervation , Tibial Nerve , Electric Stimulation Therapy/methods , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/therapy , Urinary Incontinence/therapy , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/diagnosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828178

ABSTRACT

For those patients with refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction who are not well treated by traditional therapy such as behavior therapy and drug therapy, neuromodulation technologies have gradually become alternative treatments. Several neuromodulation technologies are also used in animal experimental and clinical scientific research by more and more scholars, in order to find more effective methods and mechanisms of treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction. This article introduces the principle and advantages of common neuromodulation technologies, which focuses on the application in lower urinary tract dysfunction treatment, and analyzes the direction and the broad prospect of neuromodulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Urologic Diseases , Therapeutics
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