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1.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4560, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101099

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate if ICI 182,780 (fulvestrant), a selective estrogen receptor alpha/beta (ERα/ERβ) antagonist, and G-1, a selective G-protein-coupled receptor (GPER) agonist, can potentially induce autophagy in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and SKBr3, and how G-1 affects cell viability. Methods Cell viability in MCF-7 and SKBr3 cells was assessed by the MTT assay. To investigate the autophagy flux, MCF-7 cells were transfected with GFP-LC3, a marker of autophagosomes, and analyzed by real-time fluorescence microscopy. MCF-7 and SKBr3 cells were incubated with acridine orange for staining of acidic vesicular organelles and analyzed by flow cytometry as an indicator of autophagy. Results Regarding cell viability in MCF-7 cells, ICI 182,780 and rapamycin, after 48 hours, led to decreased cell proliferation whereas G-1 did not change viability over the same period. The data showed that neither ICI 182,780 nor G-1 led to increased GFP-LC3 puncta in MCF-7 cells over the 4-hour observation period. The cytometry assay showed that ICI 182,780 led to a higher number of acidic vesicular organelles in MCF-7 cells. G-1, in turn, did not have this effect in any of the cell lines. In contrast, ICI 182,780 and G-1 did not decrease cell viability of SKBr3 cells or induce formation of acidic vesicular organelles, which corresponds to the final step of the autophagy process in this cell line. Conclusion The effect of ICI 182,780 on increasing acidic vesicular organelles in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells appears to be associated with its inhibitory effect on estrogen receptors, and GPER does notseem to be involved. Understanding these mechanisms may guide further investigations of these receptors' involvement in cellular processes of breast cancer resistance.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito dos compostos ICI 182,780 (fulvestranto), um antagonista seletivo dos receptores de estrógeno alfa/beta (REα/REβ), e do G-1, um agonista seletivo de receptores de estrógeno acoplados a proteínas-G (GPER), na possível indução de autofagia em linhagens de câncer de mama MCF-7 e SKBr3, bem como o efeito de G-1 na viabilidade celular. Métodos A viabilidade celular de células MCF-7 e SKBr3 foi avaliada pelo ensaio com MTT. Para investigar a indução da autofagia, células MCF-7 foram transfectadas com GFP-LC3, um marcador de autofagossomos, e analisadas por microscopia de fluorescência em tempo real. As células MCF-7 e SKBr3 foram incubadas com o indicador de compartimentos ácidos laranja de acridina e analisadas por citometria de fluxo como indicativo para autofagia. Resultados Em células MCF-7, o ICI 182,780 e rapamicina após 48 horas levaram à diminuição da viabilidade celular, enquanto o G-1 não alterou a viabilidade no mesmo período de tratamento. Nem o ICI 182,780 e nem o G-1 induziram aumento na pontuação de GFP-LC3 em células MCF-7 até 4 horas. Já os ensaios de citometria de fluxo demonstraram que ICI 182,780 levou ao aumento de compartimentos ácidos em células MCF-7. O G-1 não aumentou estes parâmetros em ambas as linhagens. Por outro lado, ICI 182,780 e G-1 não induziram à redução da viabilidade em células SKBr3 e nem à formação de compartimentos ácidos, como etapa final do processo autofágico. Conclusão O aumento de compartimentos ácidos pelo ICI 182,780 em células de câncer de mama positivas para receptores de estrógeno parece estar associado com seu efeito inibidor de receptores de estrógeno, mas sem o envolvimento de GPER. A compreensão desses mecanismos pode direcionar estudos sobre o envolvimento dos receptores nos processos celulares de resistência do câncer de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Autophagy/drug effects , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/agonists , Estrogen Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Fulvestrant/pharmacology , Time Factors , Transfection/methods , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/analysis , Estrogen Receptor alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Estrogen Receptor beta/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , MCF-7 Cells , Flow Cytometry/methods
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 916-924, Sept.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040072

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aims to investigate the association of filamin A with the function and morphology of prostate cancer (PCa) cells, and explore the role of filamin A in the development of PCa, in order to analyze its significance in the evolvement of PCa. Materials and Methods A stably transfected cell line, in which filamin A expression was suppressed by RNA interference, was first established. Then, the effects of the suppression of filamin A gene expression on the biological characteristics of human PCa LNCaP cells were observed through cell morphology, in vitro cell growth curve, soft agar cloning assay, and scratch test. Results A cell line model with a low expression of filamin A was successfully constructed on the basis of LNCaP cells. The morphology of cells transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A was the following: Cells were loosely arranged, had less connection with each other, had fewer tentacles, and presented a fibrous look. The growth rate of LNCap cells was faster than cells transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A (P <0.05). The clones of LNCap cells in the soft agar cloning assay was significantly fewer than that of cells stably transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A (P <0.05). Cells stably transfected with plasmid pSilencer-filamin A presented with a stronger healing and migration ability compared to LNCap cells (healing rate was 32.2% and 12.1%, respectively; P <0.05). Conclusion The expression of the filamin A gene inhibited the malignant development of LNCap cells. Therefore, the filamin A gene may be a tumor suppressor gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Filamins/analysis , Filamins/physiology , Plasmids , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Tetrazolium Salts , Time Factors , Wound Healing/physiology , Transfection/methods , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Colorimetry/methods , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Filamins/genetics , Formazans
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(6): 623-635, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Initial diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is frequently associated with advanced stages and a poor prognosis. Thus, the need for earlier diagnoses and detection in relatives at risk for the disease has led to increased use of RET genetic screening. Subjects and methods: We performed RET screening in 247 subjects who were referred to the Brazilian Research Consortium for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (BRASMEN) Center in the State of Ceará. Direct genetic sequencing was used to analyze exons 8, 10, 11, and 13-16 in MTC index cases and specific exons in at risk relatives. Afterward, clinical follow-up was offered to all the patients with MTC and their affected relatives. Results: RET screening was performed in 60 MTC index patients and 187 at-risk family members. At the initial clinical assessment of the index patients, 54 (90%) were diagnosed with apparently sporadic disease and 6 (10%) diagnosed with hereditary disease. After RET screening, we found that 31 (52%) index patients had sporadic disease, and 29 (48%) had hereditary disease. Regarding at-risk relatives, 73/187 were mutation carriers. Mutations in RET codon 804 and the rare p.M918V mutation were the most prevalent. Conclusions: Performing RET screening in Ceará allowed us to identify a different mutation profile in this region compared with other areas. RET screening also enabled the diagnosis of a significant number of hereditary MTC patients who were initially classified as sporadic disease patients and benefited their relatives, who were unaware of the risks and the consequences of bearing a RET mutation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation/genetics , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret/genetics , Genetic Carrier Screening/methods , Time Factors , Brazil , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Transfection/methods , Gene Rearrangement/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Risk Assessment , Early Detection of Cancer , Genetic Association Studies
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(4): e5861, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839274

ABSTRACT

Myocardial ischemia is a major cause of death and remains a disease with extremely deficient clinical therapies and a major problem worldwide. Cold inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRBP) is reported to be involved in multiple pathological processes, including myocardial ischemia. However, the molecular mechanisms of myocardial ischemia remain elusive. Here, we first overexpressed CIRBP by transfection of pc-CIRBP (pcDNA3.1 containing coding sequenced for CIRBP) and silenced CIRBP by transfection of small interfering RNA targeting CIRBP (siCIRBP). pcDNA3.1 and the negative control of siCIRBP (siNC) were transfected into H9C2 cells to act as controls. We then constructed a cell model of myocardial ischemia through culturing cells in serum-free medium with hypoxia in H9C2 cells. Subsequently, AlamarBlue assay, flow cytometry and western blot analysis were used, respectively, to assess cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and apoptosis, and expression levels of IκBα, p65 and Bcl-3. We demonstrated that CIRBP overexpression promoted cell proliferation (P<0.001), inhibited cell apoptosis (P<0.05), reduced ROS level (P<0.001), down-regulated phosphorylated levels of IκBα and p65 (P<0.01 or P<0.001), and up-regulated expression of Bcl-3 (P<0.001) in H9C2 cells with myocardial ischemia. The influence of CIRBP knockdown yielded opposite results. Our study revealed that CIRBP could protect H9C2 cells against myocardial ischemia through inhibition of NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , Myocardial Ischemia/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Protective Agents/pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Small Interfering , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Time Factors , Transfection/methods
5.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(4): 330-333, 2017. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-876699

ABSTRACT

Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA). Limitations such as the need for weekly injections, high morbidity and mortality, and high cost of current treatments show that new approaches to treat this disease are required. In this study, we aimed to correct fibroblasts from a patient with MPS I using non-viral gene therapy. Using a plasmid encoding the human IDUA cDNA, we achieved stable high IDUA levels in transfected fibroblasts up to 6 months of treatment. These results serve as proof of concept that a non-viral approach can correct the enzyme deficiency in cells of patients with lysosomal storage disorders, which can be used as a research tool for a series of disease aspects. Future studies should focus on showing if this approach can be useful in small animals and clinical trials (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Iduronidase/metabolism , Mucopolysaccharidosis I/therapy , DNA, Complementary , Genetic Therapy/methods , Iduronidase/genetics , Mucopolysaccharidosis I/genetics , Plasmids/genetics , Transfection/methods
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(7): 460-468, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787557

ABSTRACT

The 70 kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) is a molecular chaperone that assists the parasite Leishmania in returning to homeostasis after being subjected to different types of stress during its life cycle. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of HSP70 transfection of L. amazonensis promastigotes (pTEX-HSP70) in terms of morphology, resistance, infectivity and mitochondrial bioenergetics. The pTEX-HSP70 promastigotes showed no ultrastructural morphological changes compared to control parasites. Interestingly, the pTEX-HSP70 promastigotes are resistant to heat shock, H2O2-induced oxidative stress and hyperbaric environments. Regarding the bioenergetics parameters, the pTEX-HSP70 parasites had higher respiratory rates and released less H2O2 than the control parasites. Nevertheless, the infectivity capacity of the parasites did not change, as verified by the infection of murine peritoneal macrophages and human macrophages, as well as the infection of BALB/c mice. Together, these results indicate that the overexpression of HSP70 protects L. amazonensis from stress, but does not interfere with its infective capacity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/physiology , Leishmania mexicana/physiology , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/parasitology , Protozoan Proteins/physiology , Stress, Physiological , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Leishmania mexicana/genetics , Leishmania mexicana/ultrastructure , Macrophages/parasitology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mitochondria/physiology , Oxidative Stress , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Transfection/methods
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1063-1070, Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762916

ABSTRACT

Damage to cartilage causes a loss of type II collagen (Col-II) and glycosaminoglycans (GAG). To restore the original cartilage architecture, cell factors that stimulate Col-II and GAG production are needed. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and transcription factor SOX9are essential for the synthesis of cartilage matrix, chondrocyte proliferation, and phenotype maintenance. We evaluated the combined effect of IGF-I and SOX9 transgene expression on Col-II and GAG production by cultured human articular chondrocytes. Transient transfection and cotransfection were performed using two mammalian expression plasmids (pCMV-SPORT6), one for each transgene. At day 9 post-transfection, the chondrocytes that were over-expressing IGF-I/SOX9 showed 2-fold increased mRNA expression of the Col-II gene, as well as a 57% increase in Col-II protein, whereas type I collagen expression (Col-I) was decreased by 59.3% compared with controls. The production of GAG by these cells increased significantly compared with the controls at day 9 (3.3- vs 1.8-times, an increase of almost 83%). Thus, IGF-I/SOX9 cotransfected chondrocytes may be useful for cell-based articular cartilage therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Collagen Type II/biosynthesis , Glycosaminoglycans/biosynthesis , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism , Matrilin Proteins/biosynthesis , SOX9 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Transfection/methods , Cartilage, Articular/injuries , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , Collagen Type II/analysis , Extracellular Matrix/chemistry , Gene Expression , Glycosaminoglycans/analysis , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics , Matrilin Proteins/genetics , Primary Cell Culture , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , SOX9 Transcription Factor/genetics , Spectrophotometry
8.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 251-256, ago. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764081

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Autoconcepto es el conjunto de ideas y actitudes que se tiene acerca de sí mismo. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar si existen diferencias en el nivel de autoconcepto de niños de 8-12 años con y sin secuelas de quemaduras, e identificar variables predictoras del autoconcepto en los niños con secuelas. Pacientes y método: Estudio comparativo, transversal de 109 niños con secuelas de quemaduras de 8 a 12 años de edad, con 109 niños sin secuelas de quemaduras, del mismo grupo de edad y nivel socioeconómico. Se utilizó la escala de autoconcepto de Piers-Harris, que entrega medida de autoconcepto general y dimensiones: conductual, estatus intelectual y escolar, apariencia y atributos físicos, ansiedad, popularidad, felicidad y satisfacción. Resultados: No hubo diferencias significativas en el nivel de autoconcepto general ni en sus dimensiones al comparar ambos grupos (p > 0,05). Dentro del grupo con secuelas de quemaduras la variable número de secuelas resultó ser un factor protector para las dimensiones ansiedad, popularidad, felicidad-satisfacción y autoconcepto general. La variable localización surgió como factor de riesgo para la dimensión conductual. Discusión: La ausencia de diferencias en autoconcepto entre niños con secuelas de quemaduras y sin ellas es similar a lo reportado por la literatura. El hallazgo en factores de riesgo y protectores motiva a continuar investigando, incorporando antecedentes premórbidos y familiares.


Introduction: Self-concept is the set of ideas and attitudes that a person has about him/herself. Objective: To evaluate whether there are differences in the level of self-concept in children 8-12 years old with and without burns sequelae. To identify predictive variables of self-concept in children with sequelae. Patients and method: A comparative cross-sectional study of self-concept in 109 children with burns sequelae, from 8 to 12 years old, with 109 children without burns sequelae, and of the same age and socioeconomic status. The Piers-Harris self-concept scale is used, which provides a general measurement of self-concept and behavioural, intellectual and school status, appearance, and physical attributes, anxiety, popularity, happiness and satisfaction dimensions. Results: There were no significant differences in the level of general self-concept or their dimensions (P > .05). In the group with burns sequelae, the protective factor was the variable number of sequels was associated with the dimensions of anxiety, popularity, happiness-satisfaction and general self-concept. The location variable emerged as a risk factor for the behavioural dimension. Discussion: The absence of differences in self-concept between children with burns sequelae and children without them is similar to that reported in the literature. The finding in the risk and protective factors encourages to further research, and perhaps incorporating pre-morbidity and family background.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds/chemistry , Serine/chemistry , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Amides/chemistry , Amines/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical/methods , Esters/chemistry , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Therapy/methods , HeLa Cells , Lipids/chemistry , Transfection/methods
9.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 287-290, ago. 2015. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764087

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La telorragia es un síntoma poco frecuente en pacientes pediátricos, la causa más frecuente en esta población es la ectasia ductal mamaria (EDM), que es una afección benigna y autolimitada, caracterizada por la dilatación del conducto mamario, fibrosis e inflamación periductal. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de EDM, para facilitar el rápido reconocimiento por parte de los médicos, y evitar estudios y tratamientos agresivos. Caso clínico: Lactante de sexo masculino de 6 meses de edad, sano, alimentado por lactancia materna exclusiva; consultó por un nódulo retroareolar derecho y telorragia unilateral. Se realizó una ecografía Doppler que mostró una lesión multiquística, sugerente de una EDM. Se planteó tratamiento expectante y acudió a control a los 6 meses con excelente evolución. Conclusiones: La EDM es la principal causa de telorragia en niños, corresponde a una afección benigna, y la resolución generalmente es espontánea, antes de los 9 meses. Por lo que su conocimiento es de gran relevancia para el adecuado diagnóstico y manejo de estos pacientes.


Introduction: Bloody nipple discharge is an infrequent symptom during childhood. The most common cause in this population is mammary duct ectasia (MDE), which is a benign and self-limiting condition, that is characterized by dilatation of the mammary ducts, fibrosis and periductal inflammation. Objective: Report of a case of MDE in order to improve physicians’ diagnosis accuracy and avoid aggressive studies and treatments. Case report: Six-months old male healthy infant, exclusively breastfeeded, that visited our clinic with a lump beneath his right nipple and bloody discharge from the same nipple. An ultrasound was performed which showed a multicystic lesion suggestive of MDE. Watchful waiting was decided as treatment, with good evolution after six months of follow up. Conclusions: The MDE is the leading cause of bloody discharge in pediatric population, being a benign condition that resolves spontaneously before nine months. The knowledge of this condition is essential so as to accurately diagnose and treat it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cations/chemistry , Indicators and Reagents/chemistry , Lipids/chemistry , Polyenes/chemistry , RNA, Small Interfering/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical/methods , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HeLa Cells , Liposomes/chemistry , Luciferases/chemistry , Phospholipids/chemistry , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Transfection/methods
10.
Clinics ; 70(2): 120-125, 2/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To explore the microendoscopic discectomy technique and inclusion criteria for the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation and to supply feasible criteria and technical notes to avoid complications and to increase the therapeutic effect. METHODS: A consecutive series of 25 patients who underwent posterior microendoscopic discectomy for recurrent lumbar disc herniation were included. The inclusion criteria were as follows: no severe pain in the lumbar region, no lumbar instability observed by flexion-extension radiography and no intervertebral discitis or endplate damage observed by magnetic resonance imaging. All patients were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and imaging examinations. RESULTS: Follow-up visits were carried out in all cases. Complications, such as nerve injuries, were not observed. The follow-up outcomes were graded using the MacNab criteria. A grade of excellent was given to 12 patients, good to 12 patients and fair to 1 patient. A grade of excellent or good occurred in 96% of cases. One patient relapsed 3 months after surgery and then underwent lumbar interbody fusion and inner fixation. The numerical rating scale of preoperative leg pain was 7.4± 1.5, whereas it decreased to 2.1±0.8 at 7 days after surgery. The preoperative Oswestry disability index of lumbar function was 57.5±10.0, whereas it was 26.0±8.5 at 7 days after surgery. CONCLUSION: In these cases, microendoscopic discectomy was able to achieve satisfactory clinical results. Furthermore, it has advantages over other methods because of its smaller incision, reduced bleeding and more efficient recovery. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Centrifugation/methods , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Transfection/methods , Cell Survival/physiology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , RNA Interference/physiology , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
11.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (3): 605-610
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142624

ABSTRACT

The Rho GTPases are the sub-group of Ras super family and identified in all eukaryotes. The Rho GTPases effect different cellular signaling pathways involved in a number of diseases such as cancer, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. Members of Rho GTPases including RhoA, RhoC and Rac1 play a major role in regulation of apoptosis in different kind of stress conditions. Here we investigated the Rho GTPase activating protein 15 [ArhGAP15] gene knock-down effect on apoptosis induced by ethanol in bovine fibroblast cells. The bovine Fibroblast cells were treated and transfected with two different concentrations [50 and 100 nM] of ArhGAP15 siRNA for 48 h respectively. Both concentrations of siRNA were effective and the results of RT-PCR revealed an efficient knock-down of ArhGAP15 mRNA in fibroblast cells. Further, the normal cells exposed to a 100 mM ethanol concentration showed a reduction in cell viability and induced the ratio of apoptosis related Bax/Bcl-2 proteins compared with ArhGAP15 siRNA transfected ethanol treated cells. Ethanol also increased caspase-3 expression in normal fibroblast cells compared with transfected cells. The ArhGAP15 knock-down cells treated with ethanol decreased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and lower caspase-3 protein levels in ArhGAP15 knocked-down cells. Our results suggest that apoptosis induced by ethanol involves the activation of Rho GTPase activating protein 15 and silencing of the said gene protects apoptosis


Subject(s)
Animals , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Transfection/methods , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Ethanol/pharmacology , Cell Survival/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Apoptosis/genetics , Caspase 3/genetics , Cattle
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1149-1157, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198361

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Most chemical transfection reagents are ineffective for the transfection of cells in suspension, such as leukemic cell and stem cell lineages. We developed two different types of viroplexes, cationic Sendai F/HN viroplexes (CSVs) and protamine sulfate-condensed cationic Sendai F/HN viroplexes (PCSVs) for the efficient transfection of T-leukemic cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The viroplex systems were prepared by reconstitution of fusogenic Sendai F/HN proteins in DMKE (O,O'-dimyristyl-N-lysyl glutamate) cationic liposomes. The viroplexes were further optimized for plasmid DNA and siRNA delivery to suspension cells. The particle size and surface charge of the viroplexes were analyzed with a zeta-sizer. Transfection of plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) by CSVs or PCSV was evaluated by measurement of transgene expression, confocal microscopy, FACS, and RT-PCR. RESULTS: The optimized CSVs and PCSVs exhibited enhanced gene and siRNA delivery in the tested suspension cell lines (Jurkat cells and CEM cells), compared with conventional cationic liposomes. In the case of pDNA transfection, the CSVs and PCSVs show at least 10-fold and 100-fold higher transgene expression compared with DMKE lipoplexes (or lipofectamine 2000), respectively. The CSVs showed more effective siRNA delivery to the suspension cells than cationic liposomes, as assessed by confocal microscopy, FACS, and RT-PCR. The effective transfection by the CSVs and PCSVs is presumably due to fusogenic activity of F/HN proteins resulting in facilitated internalization of pDNA and siRNA. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that Sendai F/HN viroplexes can be widely applicable for the transfection of pDNA and siRNA to suspension cell lines.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , HN Protein/genetics , Humans , Jurkat Cells , RNA, Small Interfering , Sendai virus/genetics , Transfection/methods , Viral Fusion Proteins/genetics , Virosomes
13.
IJMS-Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012; 37 (3): 187-193
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-146143

ABSTRACT

Electroporation is a valuable tool for small interfering RNA [siRNA] delivery into cells because it efficiently transforms a wide variety of cell types. Since electroporation condition for each cell type must be determined experimentally, this study presents an optimal electroporation strategy to reproducibly and efficiently transfect MDA-MB 468 human breast cancer cell with siRNA. To identify the best condition, the cells were firstly electroporated without siRNA and cell viability was determined by trypan blue and MTT assays. Then siRNA transfection in the best condition was performed. Western blot analysis was used for monitoring successful siRNA transfection. Results: The best condition for electroporation of this cell line was 220 volt and 975 microF in exponential decay using the Gene Pulser X cell electroporation system. Our data demonstrated that by using proper electroporation condition, DNA methyl transferase mRNA was silenced by 10 nmol DNMT1 siRNA in MDA-MB 468 cells when compared with negative control siRNA electroporation. Analysis of cell viability demonstrated that optimal electroporation condition resulted in 74% and 78% cell viability by trypan blue staining and MTT assay, respectively. Transfection of the MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cell line with siRNA in the obtained electroporation condition was successful and resulted in effective gene silencing and high cellular viability


Subject(s)
Peptides/genetics , Transfection/methods , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression , Cell Culture Techniques , RNA, Small Interfering , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136324

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen presenting cells which proceed from immature to a mature stage during their differentiation. There are several methods of obtaining long lasting mature antigen expressing DCs and different methods show different levels of antigen expressions. We investigated bone marrow derived DCs for the degree of maturation and genetically engineered antigen presentation in the presence of interleukin-4 (IL-4) as a maturity enhancer. Methods: DCs and transfected retrovirus were cultured together in the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GMCSF)-IL4, GMCSF +IL4, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). B 7.1, B7.2 and CD11c were measured by the degree of immune fluorescence using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) shuttled retrovirus transfected antigen. Degree of MHC class I molecule with antigen presentation of antigen was also evaluated by fluorescence activated cell sorting. The antigen presenting capacity of transfected DCs was investigated. Bone marrow DCs were generated in the presence of GMCSF and IL-4 in vitro. Dividing bone marrow cells were infected with EGFP shuttled retrovirus expressing SSP2 by prolonged centrifugation for three consecutive days from day 5, 6 and 7 and continued to culture in the presence of GMSCF and IL-4 until day 8. Results: IL-4 as a cytokine increased the maturation of retrovirus transfected DCs by high expression of B 7-1 and B 7-2. Also, IL-4 induced DC enhanced by the prolonged centrifugation and it was shown by increased antigen presentation of these dendric cells as antigen presenting cell (APC). Cytolytic effects were significantly higher in cytotoxic T cell response (CTLs) mixed with transfected DCs than CTLs mixed with pulsed DCs. Interpretation & conclusions: There was an enhanced antigen presentation by prolonged expression of antigen loaded MHC class I receptors in DCs in the presence of IL-4 by prolonged centrifugation.


Subject(s)
Antigen Presentation/drug effects , Antigen Presentation/immunology , Antigen-Presenting Cells/immunology , Antigen-Presenting Cells/metabolism , B7 Antigens/genetics , B7 Antigens/metabolism , Bone Marrow/immunology , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cell Differentiation/immunology , Centrifugation , Dendritic Cells/drug effects , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/immunology , Genes, MHC Class I/immunology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/immunology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology , Humans , Interleukin-4/immunology , Interleukin-4/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Peptides/genetics , Peptides/immunology , Retroviridae/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/drug effects , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology , Transfection/methods
15.
Biol. Res ; 44(3): 229-234, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-608618

ABSTRACT

Testis-mediated gene transfer (TMGT) has been used as in vivo gene transfer technology to introduce foreign DNA directly into testes, allowing mass gene transfer to offspring via mating. In this study, we used plasmid DNA (pEGFP-N1) mixed with dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) or liposome (Lipofectin) in an attempt to improve TMGT. Males receiving consecutive DNA complex injections were mated to normal females to obtain F0 progeny. In vivo evaluation of EGFP expression, RT-PCR and PCR were used to detect the expression and the presence of exogenous DNA in the progeny. We also evaluated possible testicular damage by histological procedures. PC R and RT-PCR analyses revealed that liposome and DMSO increased the rate of TMGT. Histological analyses demonstrated that repeated (4 times) injections of DNA complexes can affect spermatogenesis. DMSO was the most deleterious among the reagents tested. In this study, we detected the presence of transgene in the progeny, and its expression in blood cells. Consecutive injections of DNA complexes were associated with impaired spermatogenesis, suggesting requirement of optimal conditions for DNA delivery through TMGT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/pharmacology , Gene Transfer Techniques , Green Fluorescent Proteins/administration & dosage , Mice, Transgenic/genetics , Testis , Transgenes , Animals, Genetically Modified , Genetic Vectors/administration & dosage , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins/analysis , Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics , Liposomes/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Testis/drug effects , Testis/pathology , Transfection/methods
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(10): 931-941, Oct. 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-561226

ABSTRACT

Refractory and relapsed leukemia is a major problem during cancer therapy, which is due to the aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Activation of this pathway is promoted by wingless (Wnt) proteins and induces co-activator β-catenin binding to lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF)/T-cell factor protein (TCF). To provide a convenient system for the screening of anti-Wnt/β-catenin agents, we designed a bi-functional pGL4-TOP reporter plasmid that contained 3X β-catenin/LEF/TCF binding sites and a selectable marker. After transfection and hygromycin B selection, HEK 293-TOP and Jurkat-TOP stable clones were established. The luciferase activity in the stable clone was enhanced by the recombinant Wnt-3A (rWnt-3A; 100-400 ng/mL) and GSK3β inhibitor (2’Z,3’E)-6-bromoindirubin-3’-oxime (BIO; 5 µM) but was inhibited by aspirin (5 mM). Using this reporter model, we found that norcantharidin (NCTD; 100 µM) reduced 80 percent of rWnt-3A-induced luciferase activity. Furthermore, 50 µM NCTD inhibited 38 percent of BIO-induced luciferase activity in Jurkat-TOP stable cells. Employing ³H-thymidine uptake assay and Western blot analysis, we confirmed that NCTD (50 µM) significantly inhibited proliferation of Jurkat cells by 64 percent, which are the dominant β-catenin signaling cells and decreased β-catenin protein in a concentration-dependent manner. Thus, we established a stable HEK 293-TOP clone and successfully used it to identify the Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibitor NCTD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic/pharmacology , Indoles/antagonists & inhibitors , Oximes/antagonists & inhibitors , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Wnt Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , beta Catenin/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical/methods , Genes, Reporter/physiology , Jurkat Cells , Luciferases/metabolism , Plasmids/drug effects , Plasmids/genetics , Transfection/methods , Wnt Proteins/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism
17.
West Indian med. j ; 59(3): 300-305, June 2010. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-672623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of using magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as gene vector and the effect of magnetic field on efficiency of transfection. METHODS: Magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by controlling some chemical reaction parameters through a partially reduction precipitation method with ferric chloride aqueous solution as precursor material. The surface of particles was modified by polyethyleneimine (PEI) agents. The appearance, the size distribution, structure and phase constitute of MNPs were characterized by Transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD); the potential of absorbing DNA of MNPs was analysed by electrophoresis. Transfection was determined by delivering reporter gene, PGL2-control encoding luciferase, to different cell lines using MNPs-PLL as vector. The effect of magnetic field on the efficiency of transfection was determined using Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet. RESULTS: Foreign gene could be delivered to various cell lines by MNPs-PLL and expressed with high efficiency but the transfection efficiency and time course varied in the different cell lines studied. Magnetic field could enhance the efficiency of transfection by 5-10 fold. CONCLUSION: MNPs- PLL can be used as a novel non-viral gene vector in vitro, which offers a basis for gene delivery in vivo.


OBJETIVO: Evaluar la viabilidad del uso de nanopartículas magnéticas (MNPs) como vectores genéticos y el efecto de campo magnético en la eficiencia de la transfección. MÉTODOS: Se prepararon nanopartículas magnéticas mediante el control de algunos parámetros de la reacción química a través de un método de precipitación de reducción parcial con soluciones acuosas de cloruro férrico como el material precursor. La superficie de las partículas fue modificada mediante agentes de polietileneimina (PEI). La apariencia, el tamaño, distribución, estructura y constitución de fase de las MNPs, se caracterizaron mediante el microscopio electrónico de transmisión (MET), difracción de rayos X (DRX); el potencial de adsorber ADN de las MNPs se analizó mediante electroforesis; la transfección se determinó mediante el suministro del gene reportador de la luciferasa control PGL2, a diferentes líneas celulares usando MNPs - PLL como vectores. El efecto de campo magnético sobre la eficacia de la transfección se determinó usando el imán permanente NdFeB. RESULTADOS: El gene foráneo pudo suministrarse a varias líneas celulares mediante MNPs - PLL y expresarse con alta eficiencia pero la eficiencia de la transfección y el curso de tiempo variaron en las diferentes líneas celulares estudiadas. El campo magnético pudo mejorar la eficiencia de la transfección en 5-10 veces. CONCLUSION: Las MNPs - PLL pueden usarse como un nuevo vector genético no viral in vito, lo cual ofrece una base para el suministro del gene in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Genetic Vectors , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Transfection/methods , Cell Line , Feasibility Studies , Genes, Reporter , Polyethyleneimine , Surface Properties
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(4): 283-288, Apr. 2008. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-479675

ABSTRACT

GM1 gangliosidosis is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of lysosomal acid hydrolase ß-galactosidase (ß-Gal). It is one of the most frequent lysosomal storage disorders in Brazil, with an estimated frequency of 1:17,000. The enzyme is secreted and can be captured by deficient cells and targeted to the lysosomes. There is no effective treatment for GM1 gangliosidosis. To determine the efficiency of an expression vector for correcting the genetic defect of GM1 gangliosidosis, we tested transfer of the ß-Gal gene (Glb1) to fibroblasts in culture using liposomes. ß-Gal cDNA was cloned into the expression vectors pSCTOP and pREP9. Transfection was performed using 4 µL lipofectamine 2000 and 1.5-2.0 µg DNA. Cells (2 x 10(5)/well) were harvested 24 h, 48 h, and 7 days after transfection. Enzyme specific activity was measured in cell lysate and supernatant by fluorometric assay. Twenty-four hours after transfection, treated cells showed a higher enzyme specific activity (pREP9-ß-Gal: 621.5 ± 323.0, pSCTOP-ß-Gal: 714.5 ± 349.5, pREP9-ß-Gal + pSCTOP-ß-Gal: 1859.0 ± 182.4, and pREP9-ß-Gal + pTRACER: 979.5 ± 254.9 nmol·h-1·mg-1 protein) compared to untreated cells (18.0 ± 3.1 for cell and 32.2 ± 22.2 nmol·h-1·mg-1 protein for supernatant). However, cells maintained in culture for 7 days showed values similar to those of untreated patients. In the present study, we were able to transfect primary patients' skin fibroblasts in culture using a non-viral vector which overexpresses the ß-Gal gene for 24 h. This is the first attempt to correct fibroblasts from patients with GM1 gangliosidosis by gene therapy using a non-viral vector.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Genetic Vectors , Gangliosidosis, GM1/enzymology , Transfection/methods , beta-Galactosidase/metabolism , DNA, Complementary , Fluorometry , Gangliosidosis, GM1/therapy , Liposomes , Plasmids/genetics , beta-Galactosidase/genetics
19.
Modares Journal of Medical Sciences, Pathobiology. 2008; 11 (1-2): 15-19
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-89172

ABSTRACT

DNA vaccines have been widely used to develop immunity against various pathogens including parasites and viruses. The potential of DNA vaccine to induce an effective immune response is related to the expression levels of the encoded protein in eukaryotic cells. Therefore, optimization of plasmid DNA delivery system is a major concern in protein expression in order to make an efficient DNA vaccination. Non-viral vectors such as polymers and cationic peptides have been recently known as efficient gene delivery systems into eukaryotic cells. In this study, transfection efficiency of HPV16E7 gene was evaluated by two non-viral delivery systems in vitro. DNA construct encoding HPV16E7 [pEGFP-E7] was prepared in large scale with high purity. Then, two delivery systems including polymer PEI 25 kDa and polymer-peptide hybrid as PEI600-Tat conjugate were used to compare their efficiency for HPV16E7 DNA transfection in vitro. Our data demonstrated that both delivery systems including PEI 25 kDa and PEI600-Tat in vitro, but its toxicity was obstacle in vivo. Therefore, with regard to low toxicity of PEI600-Tat delivery system and its potent plasmid DNA delivery, it is critical issue to study its potency as new delivery system in vivo


Subject(s)
Transfection/methods , Polyethyleneimine/pharmacokinetics , Gene Products, tat , Papillomavirus E7 Proteins
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634893

ABSTRACT

To examine the role of ultrasound in gene delivery in vitro, three cells lines were exposed to the low-frequency ultrasound of varying intensities and for different durations to evaluate their effect on gene transfection and cell viability of the cells. Microbubble (MB), Optison (10%), was also used to observe the role of the microbubbles in gene transfection. The results demonstrated that as the ultrasound intensity and the exposure time increased, the gene transfer rate increased and the cell viability decreased, but at high energy intensities, the cell viability decreased dramatically, which caused the transfer rate to decrease. The most efficient ultrasound intensity for inducing gene transfer was 1 W/cm(2) with duration being 20 s. At the same energy intensity, higher ultrasound intensity could achieve maximal gene transfer rate earlier. Microbubbles could increase ultrasound-induced cell gene transfer rate by about 2 to 3 times mainly at lower energy intensities. Moreover, microbubbles could raise the maximum gene transfer rate mediated by ultrasound. It is concluded that the low-frequency ultrasound can induce cell gene transfer and the cell gene transfer rate and viability are correlated with not only the ultrasound energy intensity but also the ultrasound intensity, the higher ultrasound intensity achieves its maximal transfer rate more quickly and the ultrasound intensity that can induce optimal gene transfer is 1 W/cm(2) with duration being 20 s, and microbubbles can significantly increase the maximal gene transfer rate in vitro.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , CHO Cells , Cell Line , Cell Survival/genetics , Contrast Media/metabolism , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Microbubbles , Transfection/methods , Ultrasonics
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