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1.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1830, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363718

ABSTRACT

Mastitis is a mammary gland inflammation that is very common worldwide, mostly caused by bacteria, and causes enormous economic losses. Many microorganisms cause this disease. The most common causes of mastitis by these microorganisms are Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae). The anti-inflammatory properties of transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß include: 1) limiting interferon (IFN)-γ production; 2) increasing the expression of the interleukine (IL)-1 receptor antagonist; 3) inhibiting macrophage production of chemokines, pro-inflammatory cytokines, nitric oxide, and reactive oxygen intermediates; and 4) increasing macrophage clearance of bacterial debris and damaged parenchymal cells. It is stated that cytokines and milk composition change in case of mastitis. In this study, it was aimed to reveal the changes in milk TGF-ß1 and Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α concentrations and milk composition in mixed infections caused by three pathogens causing mastitis. In this study, milk samples from 90 cows were divided into 5 groups. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and TGF-ß1 concentrations and milk composition were determined in these milk samples. The California Mastitis Test (CMT) was applied to the cows included in the study and scoring was done. According to the CMT results of the milk samples taken, CMT(-) cows were included in group 1 (n = 22). Those with the CMT(+) were sent to the microbiology laboratory for analysis within 2 h. After the bacteria was determined, combination groupings were formed. Group 2 (n = 17), in which S. aureus and E. coli grew together, group 3 (n = 21), in which S. aureus and S. agalactiae grew together, group 4 (n = 8), in which S. agalactiae and E. coli grew together in milk samples, and milk samples without any bacterial growth in CMT (+) formed group 5 (n = 22), respectively. Somatic cell count was measured with the DeLaval Cell Counter® (Cell Counter DCC) device. Mineral matter, fat, protein, lactose, electrical conductivity and specific gravity were measured in milk samples using Lactoscan Milk Analyzer (Milkotronic/EUROPE). Milk samples were then stored at -80°C to measure TGF-ß1 and TNF-α. Tumor necrosis factor-α and TGF-ß1 concentrations in milk samples were measured using ELISA kits (Sunred Biological Technology). Changes in milk TNF-α and TGF-ß1 concentration and milk composition were determined in milk samples with mastitis caused by mixed infection. The TNF-α concentration of group 4 was higher than the other groups. On the other hand, the highest concentration of TGF-ß1 was found in group 2. While the number of somatic cells in group 1 was lower than in groups 2, 3, and 4, there was no statistical difference between groups 1 and 5. The lowest milk fat ratio was found in group 1, and it was found to be statistically lower than groups 2, 3, and 4. While the rate of solid-non-fat of group 1 increased compared to groups 2 and 3, the highest protein ratio was found in groups 1 and 5. There was no difference between the 5 groups in terms of mineral matter ratios. While the specific gravity was highest in group 1, there was no statistical difference between the other 4 groups. Overall, it was concluded that there was an increase in TNF-α and TGF-ß1 concentrations and a change in milk composition in samples with bacterial growth.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle Diseases , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Coinfection/veterinary , Mastitis, Bovine/pathology , Cattle , Milk
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(2): 142-147, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the physiological action of triiodothyronine T3 on the expression of transforming growth factor α (TGFA) mRNA in MCF7 cells by inhibition of RNA Polymerase II and the MAPK/ERK pathway Materials and methods: The cell line was treated with T3 at a physiological dose (10−9M) for 10 minutes, 1 and 4 hour (h) in the presence or absence of the inhibitors, α-amanitin (RNA polymerase II inhibitor) and PD98059 (MAPK/ERK pathway inhibitor). TGFA mRNA expression was analyzed by RT-PCR. For data analysis, we used ANOVA, complemented with the Tukey test and Student t-test, with a minimum significance of 5%. Results: T3 increases the expression of TGFA mRNA in MCF7 cells in 4 h of treatment. Inhibition of RNA polymerase II modulates the effect of T3 treatment on the expression of TGFA in MCF7 cells. Activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway is not required for T3 to affect the expression of TGFA mRNA. Conclusion: Treatment with a physiological concentration of T3 after RNA polymerase II inhibition altered the expression of TGFA. Inhibition of the MAPK/ERK pathway after T3 treatment does not interfere with the TGFA gene expression in a breast adenocarcinoma cell line.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Triiodothyronine/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System/genetics , Triiodothyronine/metabolism , Triiodothyronine/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogenes/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , MCF-7 Cells/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 65-68, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254954

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the dynamic changes of transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) of liver cirrhosis induced by multiple pathogenic factors in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Animals in the cirrhosis group were fed a mixture of maize flour, lard, cholesterol and alcohol plus subcutaneously injection with carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄), the CCl₄(0.5 ml/100 g · w) was injected at the first day of experiment and the 40% CCl₄oil solution (0.3 ml /100 g · w) was injected at an interval of three days. The thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into liver cirrhosis group of the 4th, 6th and 8 th week, and normal control group of the 4th, 6th and 8th week. The contents of alanine transferase (ALT), endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and homocysteine (Hcy) in plasma were evaluated. Histopathological changes of the liver were observed under microscope with the staining of HE. The expressions of TGF-α and TGF-β1 were analyzed by the method of immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the corresponding normal control group, the levels of ALT, endotoxin, TNF-α and Hcy in plasma were gradually significantly increased in liver cirrhosis group of the 4th, 6th and 8th week (P < 0.05); the expression of TGF-α in the liver tissues was significantly increased at the 4th week (P < 0.05); the expression of TGF-β1 in the liver tissues was gradually significantly increased in every model group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the formation process of cirrhosis, the expression of TGF-α was increased in liver of cirrhosis group at the 4th week, and later it was suppressed; the expression of TGF-β1 was continuously increased. The characteristic dynamic changes of TGF-α and TGF-β1 might be related to sustained endotoxemia, the high level of TNF-α and hyperhomocysteinemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Carbon Tetrachloride , Endotoxins , Blood , Homocysteine , Blood , Liver Cirrhosis , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , Metabolism
4.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 10-16, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225236

ABSTRACT

Menetrier's disease is a rare protein-losing hypertrophic gastropathy. Histologically, it can be mistaken for other disorders showing hypertrophic gastropathy. The pathogenesis of Menetrier's disease is not fully understood; however, it appears that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligand, transforming growth factor alpha, contributes to the pathogenesis of this disorder. In this review, we will discuss disease entities that can mimic Menetrier's disease and the role of EGFR signaling in Menetrier's disease.


Subject(s)
Gastritis, Hypertrophic , ErbB Receptors , Transforming Growth Factor alpha
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 80(6): 462-469, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730441

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Saliva plays a key role in the homeostasis of the digestive tract, through its inorganic components and its protein growth factors. Sjögren's syndrome patients have a higher prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease and laryngopharyngeal reflux. Decreased salivary transforming growth factor alpha levels were observed in dyspeptic patients, but there have been no studies in patients with Sjögren's syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux. Objective: To compare the salivary transforming growth factor alpha levels of patients with Sjögren's syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux to those of healthy controls. Methods: This is a prospective controlled study. Twelve patients with Sjögren's syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux and 11 controls were prospectively evaluated. Spontaneous and stimulated saliva samples were obtained to establish salivary transforming growth factor alpha concentrations. Results: The salivary transforming growth factor alpha levels of patients were significantly higher than those of healthy controls. Five patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux also had erosive esophagitis; their salivary transforming growth factor alpha levels were comparable to controls. Conclusion: Salivary transforming growth factor alpha level was significantly higher in patients with Sjögren's syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux when compared to the control group. .


Introdução: A saliva exerce influência primordial na homeostase do sistema digestório, pelos seus componentes inorgânicos e pelos fatores de crescimento. Indivíduos com sindrome de Sjögren (SS) apresentam maior incidência da doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) e do refluxo laringofaríngeo (RLF). Concentrações salivares diminuídas do fator transformador de crescimento alfa (TGF-α) foram observadas em doentes dispépticos, porém não há estudos em populações com SS e RLF. Objetivo: Comparar concentrações salivares do TGF-α; de indivíduos com SS e RLF a de controles saudáveis. Método: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo controlado. Doze pacientes com SS e RLF e 11 indivíduos controles saudáveis tiveram amostras salivares espontâneas e estimuladas coletadas para estabelecer concentração de TGF-α. Resultados: A concentração salivar de TGF-α; foi estatisticamente maior no grupo estudo para ambas amostras. Este aumento foi confirmado nos sete indivíduos do grupo estudo que não apresentavam esofagite erosiva quando comparados ao grupo controle, porém não houve diferença estatística da concentração de TGF-α; entre pacientes do grupo estudo que apresentava mesofagite erosiva em comparação ao grupo controle. Conclusão: A concentração salivar de TGF-α; foi estatisticamente maior no grupo de indivíduos com SS e RLF, sem esofagite erosiva. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/metabolism , Saliva/chemistry , Sjogren's Syndrome/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/metabolism , Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/analysis
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 568-573, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233847

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the possible role of tight junction protein Occludin in nasal polyps.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of Claudin-1, Occludin and ZO-1 in nasal polyps (n = 20) and healthy uncinate mucosa (n = 15) were examined using immunohistochemical staining, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot analysis. The regulatory effects of proinflammatory cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-13, IL-17, TGF-β, TGF-α) on the expression of Occludin in cultured human nasal epithelial cells were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The immunohistochemical results showed that Claudin-1, Occludin and ZO-1 were detected both in the nasal polyp group and the control group. The expression sites were the cell membrane and cytoplasm of nasal mucosa epithelial cells. The mean optical density of Claudin-1, Occludin and ZO-1 were 0.187 ± 0.076,0.172 ± 0.109 and 0.098 ± 0.035 respectively in the nasal polyp group and were significantly lower than those in the control group (0.312 ± 0.101, 0.220 ± 0.069 and 0.233 ± 0.093 respectively), the differences were significant (t = 9.345, t = 3.301, t = 13.323, all P < 0.01).RT-PCR results showed that the relative expression of Occludin mRNA was 0.000 117 ± 0.000 035 in the nasal polyp group and was significantly lower than that in the control group(0.000 464 ± 0.000 134), and the difference was significant (Z = -5.0, P < 0.01) . There was no statistically significant difference in the relative expression of Claudin-1 and ZO-1 mRNA between the nasal polyp group and the control group (P > 0.05) . After the cultured human nasal epithelial cells were stimulated by IL-13, IL-17, IFN-γ and other proinflammatory cytokines, the relative expression of Occludin mRNA was 0.631 ± 0.039, 0.581 ± 0.029 and 0.648 ± 0.040, respectively. Compared with the unstimulated control group, the differences were statistically significant (t = 16.299, 24.669 and 14.995 respectively, all P < 0.05).Western blot analyse showed that the relative grayscale in the above proinflammatory cytokines stimulation groups was 0.650 ± 0.061,0.482 ± 0.106 and 0.536 ± 0.109, respectively. Compared with the unstimulated control group, the differences were statistically significant (t = 9.880, 8.442 and 7.310 respectively, all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The reduced expression of Occludin might be involved in the pathogenesis of nasal polyps.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Claudin-1 , Cytokines , Epithelial Cells , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-17 , Nasal Mucosa , Nasal Polyps , Metabolism , Occludin , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Tight Junctions , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(6): 704-708, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-697681

ABSTRACT

Métodos objetivos de avaliação são frequentemente cobrados em estudos científicos. Exames histológicos com coloração imuno-histoquímica podem ser avaliados por meio de fotometria. OBJETIVO: Comparar este método objetivo com a avaliação subjetiva realizada por três observadores independentes, utilizando lâminas de colesteatoma adquirido da orelha média. MÉTODO: Foram selecionadas um total de 54 imagens de colesteatomas imuno-histoquimicamente coradas pelos anticorpos anti-TNF-R2 (32 lâminas) e anti-TGF-α; (22 lâminas). O anticorpo secundário utilizado nos dois grupos foi o Max Polimer Detection System (Kit Novo Link, Novocastra®, UK). As amostras foram processadas por um scanner digital de lâminas (modelo ScanScope - Aperio). As áreas selecionadas foram submetidas à análise por fotometria. RESULTADOS: A avaliação objetiva por fotometria foi comparada com a avaliação subjetiva por três observadores e submetidas à análise estatística. A análise estatística revelou reprodutibilidade moderada (K valores entre 0,41 e 0,60) para os dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo demonstrou que as características irregulares das lâminas de colesteatoma da orelha média coradas pela imuno-histoquímica impossibilita a sua adequada avaliação objetiva, enquanto a avaliação subjetiva por observadores experientes se mostrou mais confiável. .


Objective methods of assessment are often required in scientific studies. Histological tests with immunohistochemical staining can be assessed by photometry. OBJECTIVE: To compare this objective method with the subjective evaluation performed by three independent examiners, using slides of acquired middle ear cholesteatomas. METHOD: We selected a total of 54 cholesteatoma images, immunohistochemically stained by anti-TNF-R2 (32 slides) and anti-TGF-α, (22 slides). The secondary antibody used in the two groups was the Max Polymer Detection System (Novo Link Kit, Novocastra®, UK). The samples were processed by a digital slide scanner (ScanScope - Aperio). The selected sites were analyzed by photometry. RESULTS: The objective assessment by photometry was compared with the subjective evaluation by three examiners and subjected to statistical analysis. The Statistical analysis revealed moderate reproducibility (K values between 0.41 and 0.60) for both groups. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that the irregular characteristics of middle ear cholesteatoma slides stained by immunohistochemistry prevents its proper objective evaluation, while the subjective assessment by experienced examiners was more reliable. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies/analysis , Cholesteatoma, Middle Ear/pathology , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/analysis , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Immunohistochemistry , Observer Variation , Photometry , Reproducibility of Results
8.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2013; 52: 555-565
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-170285

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer [BC] is the most prevalent cancer among women and affects approximately one million women worldwide each year and it is the most prevalent cancer among Egyptian women and constitutes 29% of National Cancer Institute cases. This study was designed to determine the crucial role of TGF-alpha, TGF-beta1and VEGF in patients with Breast carcinoma. Serum level of TGF-alpha, TGF-beta1 and VEGF were determined by ELISA in 51 patients with preoperative and postoperative primary [BC], as well as 30 healthy female persons. This study showed that the TGF-alpha, TGF-beta1 and VEGF levels were significantly high [p = 0.001] in patients with primary breast cancer compared to control healthy female group. Meanwhile the levels of these growth factors did show significant decrease after treatment. This study revealed that serum levels of TGF-alpha, TGF-beta1 and VEGF in patients with breast cancer could be useful biomarkers for prognosis of such type of malignancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/blood , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/blood , Prognosis
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 142-147, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study whether TGF-α possesses similar EGF effect of enforcing neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) in prostate cancer cell line DU145 and determine the influence of NED induced by TGF-α on chemoresistance.@*METHODS@#DU145 cells were divided into 3 groups: a group with 2% FBS, a group with 2%FBS+TGF-α 5 ng/mL and a group with 2%FBS+TGF-α 10 ng/mL. Morphological change in DU145 cells was observed after TGF-α treatment. Expression levels of NSE mRNA were detected with real time RT-PCR. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of protein NSE, P-gp, MRP1 and Bcl-2. Cell cycles of DU145 cells in the 3 groups were examined with flow cytometry. MTT assay was used to evaluate the influence of TGF-α in chemoresistance.@*RESULTS@#Compared with DU145 cells cultured with 2% FBS, cells treated with 2% FBS+TGF-α were pleomorphic and pseudopodia extended. The expression level of NSE mRNA upregulated to (3.6±0.5) folds (P<0.05) and (10.1±0.1) folds (P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression levels of protein NSE, Bcl-2, and MRP1 increased after treatment with different concentrations of TGF-α; P-gp was not detected. The proportion of DU145 cells in phase G1 decreased; proportions of cells in phase S and phase G2/M were increased after TGF-α treatment (5 μg/mL). At the same time, chemoresistance of DU145 cells to cisplatin increased.@*CONCLUSION@#TGF-α can increase NED in DU145 cells and enforce the chemoresistance to cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport , Pharmacology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Pharmacology
10.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 14-20, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358201

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we investigate the expression profile of the epidermal growth factor receptor family, which comprises EGFR/ErbB1, HER2/ErbB2, HER3/ErbB3 and HER4/ErbB4 in oral leukoplakia (LP). The expression of four epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family genes and their ligands were measured in LP tissues from 14 patients and compared with levels in 10 patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and normal oral mucosa (NOM) from 14 healthy donors by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry. Synchronous mRNA coexpression of ErbB1, ErbB2, ErbB3 and ErbB4 was detected in LP lesions. Out of the receptors, only ErbB4 mRNA and protein was more highly expressed in LP compared with NOM tissues. These were strongly expressed by epithelial keratinocytes in LP lesions, as shown by immunohistochemistry. Regarding the ligands, the mRNA of Neuregulin2 and 4 were more highly expressed in OLP compared with NOM tissues. Therefore, enhanced ErbB4 on the keratinocytes and synchronous modulation of EGFR family genes may contribute to the pathogenesis and carcinogenesis of LP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Amphiregulin , Betacellulin , EGF Family of Proteins , Epidermal Growth Factor , Metabolism , Epiregulin , Gene Expression Profiling , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Heparin , Metabolism , Heparin-binding EGF-like Growth Factor , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Keratinocytes , Metabolism , Leukoplakia, Oral , Metabolism , Lichen Planus, Oral , Metabolism , Ligands , Mouth Mucosa , Metabolism , Nerve Growth Factors , Neuregulins , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Metabolism , Receptor, ErbB-3 , Metabolism , Receptor, ErbB-4 , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , Physiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 732-736, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267467

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) derived from tumor microenvironment and/or afatinib on the growth of human lung adenocarcinoma H1975 cells and explore the potential mechanisms by which HGF induces primary resistance to afatinib.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of HGF, TGF-α and afatinib on the growth of H1975 cells were evaluated by MTT assay. The HGF concentrations of normal human fetal lung fibroblasts MRC-5 cells and human lung adenocarcinoma H1975 cells co-cultured or separately cultured were determined by ELISA assay. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of EGFR and Met signal pathway-related proteins and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in H1975 cells treated with HGF and/or afatinib.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MTT assay showed that H1975 cells were hyposensitive to afatinib in the presence of HGF. The ELISA assay showed that HGF production by H1975 cells was less than 0.1 ng/2.0×10(6) cells, but HGF production by MRC-5 cells was (151.37 ± 2.07)ng/2.0×10(6) cells incubated for 48 h. When H1975 cells and MRC-5 cells were co-cultured for 72 h, the concentration of HGF in the culture supernatant was (61.13 ± 16.21)ng/ml. In the presence of HGF, the expression of p-Met, p-Akt and p-ERK proteins in the H1975 cells was markedly up-regulated. afatinib inhibited p-EGFR, but did not affect the expression of p-Met, p-Akt and p-ERK proteins. In the presence of afatinib, HGF up-regulated the expression of vimentin and down-regulated the expression of E-cadherin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HGF secreted by stromal cells in the tumor micro-environment may confer resistance to afatinib in H1975 cells by activation of the Met/PI3K/Akt and Met/MAPK/ERK signaling pathways, and is involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cadherins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Pharmacology , Bodily Secretions , Lung , Cell Biology , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met , Metabolism , Quinazolines , Pharmacology , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Pharmacology , Tumor Microenvironment , Vimentin , Metabolism
12.
Braz. oral res ; 26(5): 431-435, Sept.-Oct. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-649371

ABSTRACT

We report a study of TGFA/ Taq I polymorphisms and environmental factors in non-syndromic oral cleft in Southern Brazil. Nonsyndromic cleft case-parent triads were recruited to participate. Clinical data was collected with an emphasis on tobacco and alcohol use during pregnancy. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and TGFA/ Taq I polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR/RFLP with Taq I restriction enzyme. Association of clefts and TGFA/ Taq I polymorphisms was determined using a transmission disequilibrium test (TDT). Association of environmental factors, clefts, and genotypes was evaluated with Fisher's exact test. The minor allele frequency was 0.064. We found no evidence of association between TGFA/ Taq I polymorphisms and clefting (TDT p = 0.335). We also found no association between TGFA/ TaqI polymorphisms and environmental factors (alcohol and/or tobacco). Therefore, no evidence was found that TGFA/ Taq I polymorphisms play a role in clefting in this population. No evidence was found that tobacco or alcohol exposure during pregnancy was related to clefting, however a larger sample size is needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Taq Polymerase/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/genetics , Brazil , Gene Frequency , Maternal Exposure , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Smoking
13.
Ain-Shams Journal of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology. 2012; 18 (1): 110-118
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154190

ABSTRACT

Wound age provides valuable information for the reconstruction of crime scenes and determination of the cause of death. As skin covers the outersurface of the body, it is the most vulnerable part, and dermal wound age is a critical issue in routine forensic autopsies. The aim of this study was to determine the wound age by the use of immunohistochemical study of transforming growth factors [TFG-a and TGF-pl] on human skin wounds. Samples were collected from human skin wounds after operative incisions [from a few minutes to 6 weeks] and investigated using immunohistochemistry. TGF-a was started to increase after a wound age of approximately l0min. The maximum level was between 30-60min then decreased significantly. TGF-pl was also markedly increased within 60min and remained detectable in elevated levels in older wounds [6 weeks]. Thus, it appears that TGF-a and TGF-pl can efficiently contribute to the estimation of wound age based on the evaluation of their expressions. In particular, this applies to TGF-pl because it remains in high level for long time post injury


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/adverse effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta/adverse effects , Immunohistochemistry , Wound Healing
14.
Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 14 (3): 26-32
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-155574

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion invoke cell death in hippocampus. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of transforming growth factor alpha [TGF-alpha] of dentyte jyrus neurons and pyramidal cells of CA1 subfiled of hippocampus following ischemia-reperfusion in rat models. This experimental study was done on 40 male Wistar rats weighing 250-300gr. Animals were divided in four groups: control [n=7], sham [n=7], ischemia [n=14] and treatment [n=14]. Sham group was just under surgical stress. In ischemia and treatment groups after induction of ischemia reperfiusion by obstruction of carotid arteries blocked for 30 minutes, reperfusion PBS [phosphate buffer salin] and subsequently TGF-alpha [50 ng] were injected stereotaxicaly in lateral ventricle, respectively. In 12 and 72 days after treatment the brains were fixated by transcardial perfusion and stained by immunohistochemestry and nissle methods. Furthermore, morris water maze was used to evaluate the learning memory. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16 and ANOVA test. Injection of TGF-alpha increased the cell number in hippocampus of treatment group compared to ischemic group. TGF-alpha increased expression of neuron in dentyte jyrus of treatment group in comparison with ischemic group [P<0.05]. Also spatial memory improved in treatment group in comparison with ischemia group. TGF-alpha improves ischemia-induced neurodegenration and memory impairment


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Spatial Memory , Neurogenesis , Rats, Wistar , Pyramidal Cells
15.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 206-213, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74805

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent studies have reported that Asian sand dust (ASD) has a potential risk of aggravating airway inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ASD on inflammation and mucin production in the airways of allergic mice. METHODS: Forty BALB/c female mice were divided into four groups: saline (group 1); ASD (group 2); ovalbumin (OVA) alone (group 3); and OVA+ASD (group 4). OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) in serum and interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) and Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining was performed on lung tissues. In addition, immunohistochemical staining for IL-4, IL-5, MUC5AC, and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) was conducted. RESULTS: Serum IgE levels were significantly higher in group 4 than in group 3 (P<0.05). IL-4 and IL-5 in BALF were significantly higher in group 4 than in group 3 (P<0.05, respectively). Based on H&E staining, inflammatory cell numbers were significantly greater in group 4 than in the other groups (P<0.05). The number of PAS-positive cells was also significantly greater in groups 3 and 4 than in groups 1 and 2 (P<0.05). The numbers of IL-4 and IL-5-positive cells were higher in group 4 than in group 3 (P<0.05). The number of MUC5AC and TGF-alpha-positive cells were also higher in group 4 than in group 3 (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that ASD increases cytokine expression and mucin production in an allergic murine model. The increased inflammatory reactions were related to cytokine production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Asian People , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cell Count , Dust , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-5 , Interleukins , Lung , Mucins , Ovalbumin , Silicon Dioxide , Transforming Growth Factor alpha
16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 435-438, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358721

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects and mechanisms of Pongamia pinnata root flavonoids (PRF) on the experimental gastric ulcer induced by acetic acid and to study the mechanism of PRF on the quality of ulcer healing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The models were established by acetic acid erosion, the quality of ulcer healing of PRF on the model of gastric ulcer were observed. The contents of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in serum were determined by radioimmunoassay. The expression of EGF and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were detected by immunohistochemistry (SP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PRF significantly inhibited ulcerative formation induced by acetic acid (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). PRF could significantly increase the EGF and TGF-alpha (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) expression of para-ulcer mucosa tissue and improve the EGF contents in blood serum (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PRF increases the contents of EGF in serum and the expression of EGF and TGF-alpha in the tissue around gastric ulcer which might be one of possible mechanisms that PRF improves quality of ulcer healing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Acetic Acid , Epidermal Growth Factor , Blood , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gastric Mucosa , Metabolism , Millettia , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 357-362, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336219

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and its ligands (EGF and TGFalpha) are over-expressed in a variety of tumors. Immunization EGF-carrier protein inhibits tumor growth through abrogating binding of EGF to EGFR. Here, a chimeric protein of EGF and TGFalpha (E5T) was genetically fused to Staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA), a bacterial superantigenic protein which promotes humoral B cell response through enhancement of Ag-specific CD4 T cells activity. The resulted fusion proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified though metal chelating affinity chromatography. Immunization of E5T-mSEA fusion protein in mice induced production of high titers antibodies, which recognize both EGF and TGFalpha. Anti- E5T-mSEA serum at dilution of 1:10 significantly inhibited growth of A431 cell lines but had little effect on 293T cell lines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Amino Acid Sequence , Cancer Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Enterotoxins , Genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Immunization , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Sequence Data , Random Allocation , ErbB Receptors , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Genetics
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3455-3461, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336603

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas account for approximately 7% - 14% of all pituitary adenomas, but its pathogenesis is still enigmatic. This study aimed to explore mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We used fiber-optic beadarray to examine gene expression in three ACTH-secreting adenomas compared with three normal pituitaries. Four differentially expressed genes from the three ACTH-secreting adenomas and three normal pituitaries were chosen randomly for validation by reverse transcriptase-real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). We then analyzed the differentially expressed gene profile with Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fiber-optic beadarray analysis showed that the expression of 28 genes and 8 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were significantly increased and the expression of 412 genes and 31 ESTs were significantly decreased. Bioinformatic and pathway analysis showed that the genes HIGD1B, EPS8, HPGD, DAPK2, and IGFBP3 and the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway and extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction pathway may play important roles in tumorigenesis and progression of ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our data suggest that numerous aberrantly expressed genes and several pathways are involved in the pathogenesis of ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas. Fiber-optic beadarray combined with pathway analysis of differential gene expression appears to be a valid method of investigating tumour pathogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma , Genetics , Adenoma , Genetics , Disease Progression , Expressed Sequence Tags , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Physiology , Fiber Optic Technology , Gene Expression Profiling , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Methods , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Physiology
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2009. 154 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: lil-553379

ABSTRACT

Quimiorradioterapia combinada se tornou o padrão ouro de tratamento para carcinoma epidermóide (CE) de laringe e hipofaringe localmente avançado. Mas, pacientes não respondedores ao tratamento sofrem com o avanço da doença, ressecção posterior mais invasiva, toxicidade evitável e maior custo do tratamento. Até o momento, não existem preditores de resposta suficientemente validados para possibilitar a utilização na rotina clínica. Assim, se torna importante a identificação de classificador que discrimine, a partir de biópsia prévia, pacientes respondedores (R) de não respondedores (NR). Em estudo prévio, analisamos 35 pacientes com CE de laringe e hipofaringe, localmente avançado, tratados com quimiorradioterapia. Através de microarray, do método do Discriminante Linear de Fisher e posterior validação cruzada, identificamos 4 trios de genes e 27 quadras, capazes de classificar pacientes R e NR com 100% de acerto. Para avaliar se os padrões discriminatórios identificados eram devido ao acaso e sua possibilidade de utilização na rotina clínica, é necessário realizar validação independente dos classificadores. Assim, novo grupo de 28 pacientes, com as mesmas características do estudo anterior, teve biópsia coletada e sua expressão gênica analisada. As regras de classificação identificadas anteriormente foram aplicadas a este novo conjunto, e os trios e quadras de genes classificadores foram validados; descartando assim a identificação de padrão discriminatório devido ao acaso; o que corrobora para sua utilização na rotina clínica. Foi ainda identificada árvore de decisão, capaz de discriminar os grupos R e NR com maiores taxas de sensibilidade (90,4%) e especificidade (71,4%), comparadas aos trios e quadras isoladamente. Finalmente, análise de array apresentou TGFA superexpresso em ambos os grupos de NR, seguido de validação imunoistoquímica. Este gene pode estar relacionado com a resistência dos pacientes ao tratamento.


Concurrent chemoradiotherapy has become the gold standard for the treatment for the locally advanced SCC of the larynx and the hypopharynx. However, nonresponders suffer from disease progression, a more aggressive surgery and preventable toxicity, besides an increased treatment cost. Up to the present date, there are no accurately validated predictors of response to treatment to allow their use in the routine clinical practice. Thus, it is important the identification of a classifier that it able to discriminate, from a previous biopsy, responder (R) patients from non-responder (NR) ones. In a preceding work, we analyzed samples from 35 patients with locally advanced SCC of the larynx and the hypopharynx, treated with chemoradiotherapy. Using microarray, Fisher's Linear Discriminant analysis and subsequent cross validation analysis (leave-one out), we identified 4 trios of genes and 27 quartets, being them able to discriminate R and NR patients with 100% accuracy. An independent validation of these classifiers is required in order to access overfitting as well as their potential use in routine clinical practice. Thus, a new set of 28 patients, all with the same characteristics of the ones in the previous study, had a biopsy sample obtained and their gene expression profiling analyzed. The previous identified classification rules were then applied to the independent group, and the trios and quartets of genes were validated; excluding overfitting and corroborating their use in routine clinical practice. Furthermore, classification trees were identified, being the best one able to discriminate R and NR groups with superior rates of sensitivity (90,4%) and specificity (71,4%), in comparison with the trios and quartets in isolation. At last, microarray analysis showed TGFA overexpressed in NR patients of both groups analyzed, followed by immunohistochemical validation. This gene could be related to the patient's resistance to the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Gene Expression , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Biomarkers , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , Validation Studies as Topic , Hypopharynx , Larynx
20.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 325-329, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337512

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antagonizing effect of Hirsutella sinensis (HS) on renal tubular epithelial-myofibroblast transdifferentiation (TEMT) and its possible pathogenic mechanism in rats with chronic aristolochic acid nephropathy (CAAN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into 3 groups, the model (M) group, the intervention (I) group and the control (C) group. The 24 h urinary protein (UP) in rats was measured before intervention and at the end of the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 12th week, and creatinine clearance rate (CCr) was measured before intervention and at the end of the 12th week respectively. All rats were sacrificed at the end of the 12th week, their kidney was taken for examining the degree of fibrosis in renal interstitial with Masson's stain and determining mRNA and protein expressions of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), Snail, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and cytokeratin in renal tissue by Real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry staining, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the C group, CCr was significantly lower, while 24 h UP was higher; the relative area of interstitial fibrosis was significantly larger in the M group; besides, the mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-beta1, Snail and alpha-SMA were significantly up-regulated (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), and those of cytokeratin were significantly down-regulated (P < 0.01) in renal tissue of the M group. While in the I group, all the above-mentioned abnormalities were restored to some extent (P < 0.05) and showed significant difference (all P < 0.05) as compared with those in the M group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HS can downregulate TGF-beta1 and Snail expressions in renal tissue, antagonize TEMT and renal interstitial fibrosis, and improve renal function in CAAN rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Actins , Genetics , Metabolism , Aristolochic Acids , Toxicity , Cell Transdifferentiation , Chronic Disease , Cordyceps , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Fibroblasts , Kidney Diseases , Metabolism , Kidney Tubules , Pathology , Phytotherapy , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Snail Family Transcription Factors , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha , Genetics , Metabolism
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