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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921710

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the mechanism of fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma against chronic bronchitis airway inflammation. The SD rats of SPF grade were divided into control group, model group, Guilongkechuanning group(GLKCN, 1.125 g·kg~(-1)), high-dose fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma group(LG-HD, 15 g·kg~(-1)), and low-dose fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma group(LG-LD, 7.5 g·kg~(-1)). The chronic bronchitis models of rats in other groups except the control group were induced by the modified smoking method. From the 15 th day of modeling, the rats were given corresponding agents by gavage for 20 consecutive days. After the last administration, the rats were sacrificed for sample collection. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to detect serum transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β) and interleukin-6(IL-6) levels. The protein expression of TGF-β, IL-1β and IL-6 in lung tissue was detected by immunohistochemical method. Masson staining was performed to detect collagen fibers and muscle fibers in lung tissue, and HE staining to detect the pathological changes of lung tissue. Human bronchial epithelial(16 HBE) cells were cultured in vitro, and CCK-8(cell counting kit-8) method was used to detect the cytotoxicity of cigarette smoke extract(CSE) and fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma. After the exposure of 16 HBE cells to 3.5% CSE and appropriate concentration(800, 400 μg·mL~(-1)) of fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma for 24 h, quantitative real-time PCR was conducted to determine the mRNA levels of TGF-β and IL-1β, and Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of TGF-β and IL-6 in the cells. The rat model of chronic bronchitis induced by smoking was successfully established. Fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma reduced serum TGF-β and IL-6 levels, down-regulated the protein levels of TGF-β, IL-1β, and IL-6 in lung tissue, and alleviated pathological changes and fibrotic lesions in lung tissue. Moreover, it down-regulated the CSE-induced protein expression of TGF-β and IL-6 as well as the mRNA level of TGF-β in 16 HBE cells. These results indicated that fresh Phragmitis Rhizoma could prevent airway inflammation from chronic bronchitis and promote cell repair by inhibiting the TGF-β signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bronchitis, Chronic/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Inflammation , Lung , Poaceae/chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rhizome , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e014, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089383

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although dental implants and bone regenerative procedures are important approaches for the reestablishment of esthetics and function in young patients with a history of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), no predictable outcomes have been reported, and the host osteo-immunoinflammatory response may play a relevant role in this context. In view of the lack of molecular investigations into the bone tissue condition of young patients with periodontitis, the aim of this study was to evaluate the gene expression of bone-related factors in this population. Bone biopsies were obtained from the posterior mandible in 16 individuals previously diagnosed with GAP and on periodontal support therapy and from 17 periodontally healthy (PH) patients. The gene expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, receptor activator of the NF-κB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and type I collagen (COL-I), important biomarkers of bone turnover, was evaluated by qRT-PCR. Lower TGF-β and OPG mRNA levels were observed in GAP patients compared to PH individuals (p ≤ 0.05). There were no between-group differences in levels of TNF-α, BSP, RANKL, OC, or COL-I mRNA (p>0.05). In young adults, a history of periodontal disease can negatively modulate the gene expression of important bone-related factors in alveolar bone tissue. These molecular outcomes may contribute to the future development of therapeutic approaches to benefit bone healing in young patients with history of periodontitis via modulation of osteo-immuno-inflammatory biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Gene Expression , Aggressive Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Biomarkers , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/genetics , Single-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/genetics , RANK Ligand/analysis , RANK Ligand/genetics , Osteoprotegerin/analysis , Osteoprotegerin/genetics , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/genetics , Alveolar Process/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(3): 301-308, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896975

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGFβ1) is a potent suppressive cytokine that contributes to chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. Disparities in TGFβ1 production among individuals have been attributed to TGFβ1 genetic polymorphisms. We examined whether three putative polymorphisms in TGFβ1[-509 C/T (rs1800469), +869 C/T (rs1800470), and +11929 C/T (rs1800472)]are associated with CHB infection in a South-Eastern Iranian population. METHODS: In total, 341 subjects were recruited, including 178 patients with CHB and 163 healthy individuals as controls. Genotyping of the three TGFβ1 SNPs was performed by tetra amplification refractory mutation system-PCR. RESULTS: TheTGFβ1 +869 TT vs.CC genotype in codominant (OR=0.445, p=0.012) and TT vs. TC+CC in the recessive (OR=0.439, p=0.003) model as well as the variant allele T vs. C(OR=0.714, p=0.038) were associated with lower CHB infection risk. However, the +11929 C/T polymorphism was associated with increased CHB risk, and the CT vs. CC genotype (OR=2.77, P=0.001) and T variant allele (OR=2.53, P=0.002) were risk factors for CHB. Furthermore, TTT (+869/-509/+11929) and CCC haplotypes were risk and protective factors for CHB, respectively. We found no significant association between viral DNA load and TGFβ1 genotype or hepatic enzyme levels (p >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated that the TGFβ1+869TT genotype and T allele were protective factors, whereas the +11929 CT genotype and T allele were risk factors for CHB infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Iran , Middle Aged
4.
Biol. Res ; 50: 6, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838962

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the gene expression changes associated with carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) involving in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). METHODS: We downloaded the GEO series GSE22862, which contained matched gene expression values for 15 CAF and normal fibroblasts samples, and series GSE27289 containing SNP genotyping for four matched NSCLC samples. The differentially expressed genes in CAF samples were identified using the limma package in R. Then we performed gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction using the identified DEGs. Moreover, aberrant cell fraction, ploidy, allele-specific copy number, and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) within CAF cells were analyzed using the allele-specific copy number analysis. RESULTS: We obtained 545 differentially expressed genes between CAF and normal fibroblasts samples. The up-regulated genes are mainly involved in GO terms such as positive regulation of cell migration and extracellular region, while the down-regulated genes participate in the lung development and extracellular region. Multiple genes including bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and transforming growth factor, beta 3 (TGFB3) are involved in the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Genes including BMP4, TGFBI and matrix Gla protein (MGP) were hub genes. Moreover, no LOH event for BMP4 and MGP was found, that for sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) was 70%, and for TGFBI was 40%. CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that BMP4, MGP, TGFBI, and SPHK1 may be important in CAFs-associated NSCLC, and the abnormal expression and high LOH frequency of them may be used as the diagnosis targets of CAFs in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma/pathology , Down-Regulation , Up-Regulation , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Gene Dosage , Loss of Heterozygosity , Gene Expression Profiling , Tissue Array Analysis , Alleles , Genetic Association Studies , Protein Interaction Maps , Gene Ontology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(1): 75-84, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-782625

ABSTRACT

El objetivo fue determinar la expresión génica del factor de crecimiento transformante beta (TGF-ß) y posibles factores de riesgo en niños con y sin fisuras labio palatina no sindrómicas (FLPNS). Diseño de casos (Niños con fisuras orales; n= 20) y controles (niños no afectados; n= 40). A partir de muestras de saliva se realizó la extracción de mRNA utilizando el RNeasy® Protect Saliva Mini Kit-QIAgen y la expresión génica del TGF-ß mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en transcriptasa reversa, además se aplicó un cuestionario para registrar características sociodemográficas y posibles factores de riesgo durante el periodo de concepción (medicamentos, enfermedades, alcohol, cigarrillo y edad de los padres).Los datos fueron analizados mediante medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, frecuencias y porcentajes, para establecer asociaciones se utilizaron las prueba T-Student, Chi-cuadrado y Odds ratio, asumiendo un límite de confianza de 0,05. El promedio de edad de los participantes fue de 6,8 (DE= 4,6) años y el 63,3 % eran de sexo masculino. Al evaluar los posibles factores asociados con el desarrollo de FLPNS no se encontraron diferencias significativas, sin embargo el 11,7 % de las madres habían ingerido algún tipo de medicamentos durante el embarazo, el 1,7 % habían fumado algún cigarrillo y el 13,3 % ingerido alcohol. Existieron diferencias significativas en la expresión génica del TGF-ß entre los grupos (p= 0,0205), siendo menor en grupo de casos. Los factores de riesgo evaluados mostraron poca evidencia de asociación con la presencia de FLAPNS, los niños con esta alteración tienen menor expresión génica del TGF-ß, sugiriendo que alteraciones moleculares en la vía de señalización del TGF-ß posiblemente están involucradas en el desarrollo de las fisuras labio palatinas, ya que se pueden afectar procesos de diferenciación, crecimiento y proliferación celular, en donde participan varios genes incluyendo el TGF-ß.


The aim of this study was to determine gene expression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) and possible risk factors in children with and without non-syndromic oral clefts. Cases (Children with cleft lip and palate; n= 20) and controls (unaffected children; n= 40) study, from saliva samples mRNA extraction was performed using the RNeasy® Protect Saliva Mini Kit-QIAgen and gene expression of TGF-ß by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, a questionnaire was also applied to record sociodemographic characteristics and possible risk factors. Data were analyzed using measures of central tendency and dispersion, frequencies and percentages. Odds ratio, Chi-square and T-Student tests were used to determine association (p<0.05). The average age of participants was 6.8 (SD= 4.6) years and 63.3 % were male. No statistically significant association was found between any of the possible risk factors examined with the development of oral clefts (p> 0.05), however it was reported that 11.7 % of mothers had ingested some type of drug during pregnancy, 1.7 % reported maternal smoking and 13.3 % reported alcohol consumption. There were significant differences in gene expression levels of TGF-ß between groups (p= 0.0205), being lower in children with oral clefts. Most environmental risk factors evaluated here gave little evidence of association with the presence of oral clefts. Children with oral clefts have lower gene expression of TGF-ß, suggesting that molecular alterations in the signaling pathway of TGF-ß are possibly involved in the development of cleft lip and palate, as they can affect processes of differentiation, growth and proliferation cell, where several genes are involved including TGF-ß.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Saliva/chemistry , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Risk Factors , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(1): 36-42, Jan-Feb/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741244

ABSTRACT

Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or Kala-Azar (KA) is one of the most deadly forms of disease among all neglected tropical diseases. There are no satisfactory drugs or vaccine candidates available for this dreaded disease. Our previous studies showed promising therapeutic and prophylactic efficacy of the live, radio-attenuated parasites through intramuscular (I.M.) and intraperitoneal (I.P.) route in BALB/c mice model. Methods: The T-cell proliferation level, the mRNA expression level of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and tumor growth factor-beta (TGF-β) genes and finally the phosphorylation levels of phosphoinositide dependent kinase 1 (PDK1), phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) molecules were checked in BALB/c mice model immunized with radio-attenuated Leishmania donovani parasites through I.M. route. Results: Higher T-cell proliferation, increased iNOS level, and suppressed TGF-β level were found in treated infected animal groups (100 and 150 Gy) in relation to untreated infected animals. Likewise, phosphorylation levels of PDK1, PI3K and p38MAPK of these two groups were increased when compared to untreated infected controls. Conclusion: The clearance of the parasites from treated infected groups of animals may be mediated by the restoration of T-cell due to therapy with radio-attenuated L. donovani parasites. The killing of parasites was mediated by increase in nitric oxide release through PDK1, PI3K and p38MAPK signaling pathways. A lower TGF-β expression has augmented the restored Th1 ambience in the 100 and 150 Gy treated animal groups proving further the efficacy of the candidate vaccine. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Leishmaniasis Vaccines/immunology , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/immunology , /genetics , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Profiling , Injections, Intramuscular , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Leishmaniasis Vaccines/administration & dosage , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/prevention & control , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/genetics , Parasite Load , Phosphorylation , RNA, Messenger , Th1 Cells/immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Vaccines, Attenuated/administration & dosage , Vaccines, Attenuated/immunology , /genetics
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 399-403, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731059

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effect of green tea application time on the bond strength of enamel after enamel bleaching. Enamel samples were obtained from 80 third molars and randomly divided into 7 experimental groups (G1-G7) and 1 group without treatment (G8): G1, bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP); G2, CP + 10% sodium ascorbate gel (SA) for 15 min; G3, CP + SA for 30 min; G4, CP + SA for 60 min; G5, CP + 10% green tea gel (GT) for 15 min; G6, CP + GT for 30 min; G7, CP + GT for 60 min. The CP was applied onto the enamel surface for 8 h for 14 days. The SA was applied in groups 2, 3 and 4, and the GT was applied in groups 5-8 according to the above described application times. Immediately after treatment, the specimens were bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 and Filtek Z350XT. The specimens were prepared to microtensile bond strength analysis. Fracture mode analysis was performed using a stereoscopic loupe. The data were statistically analyzed by two-way analysis of variance, the Tukey's and Dunnett's tests (=5%). The means (standard deviation) were: G1, 23.3 (3.2); G2, 25.2 (3.9); G3, 26.4 (5.4); G4, 30.2 (4.5); G5, 26.6 (3.4); G6, 22.0 (5.4); G7, 31.4 (3.3); G8, 31.4 (3.2). All groups had a high percentage of adhesive failures. In conclusion, the bond strength values were higher than the value in the bleached group only when the antioxidants were applied for 60 min.


Este estudo avaliou o efeito do tempo de aplicação do chá verde na resistência de união do esmalte após o clareamento. Amostras de esmalte foram obtidas a partir de 70 terceiros molares e aleatoriamente divididas em 7 grupos experimentais (G1-G7) e um grupo sem tratamento (G8). Os 7 grupos experimentais foram tratados como segue: G1, clareado com peróxido de carbamida a 10% (PC); G2, PC + gel de ascorbato de sódio a 10% (AS) por 15 min; G3, PC + AS por 30 min; G4, PC + AS por 60 min; G5, PC + gel de chá verde a 10% (CV) por 15 min; G6, PC + CV por 30 min; G7, PC + CV por 60 min. O PC foi aplicado na superfície do esmalte por 8 h, durante 14 dias. O AS foi aplicado nos grupos 2, 3 e 4 e o CV foi aplicado nos grupos 5, 6 e 7 de acordo com os tempos de aplicação descritos acima. Imediatamente após o tratamento, foi realizado o procedimento adesivo utilizando Adper Single Bond 2 e Filtek Z350XT. Em seguida, as amostras foram preparadas para o teste de microtração. A análise do padrão de fratura foi realizada em lupa estereoscópica. Os dados foram analisados através de ANOVA (2 fatores), testes de Tukey e Dunnett (α=5%). As médias (desvio padrão) foram: G1: 23,29 (3,20); G2: 25,18 (3,95); G3: 26,41 (5,40); G4: 30,17 (4,46); G5: 26,63 (3,43); G6: 22,02 (5,41); G7: 31,40 (3,35); G8: 31,4 (3,2). Todos os grupos apresentaram maior porcentagem de falhas adesivas. Em conclusão, os valores de resistência de união foram maiores que os dos grupos clareados somente quando os antioxidantes foram aplicados por 60 min.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/physiopathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Transforming Growth Factor beta/blood
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36643

ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DCs), which are regarded as the most potent antigen-presenting cells, are involved in innate and adaptive immunity. Upon uptake of pathogens, DCs express cell surface markers and secrete cytokines. In this study, we analyzed production of cytokines and found that interleukin (IL)-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta production significantly increased in bone marrow-derived DCs and a mouse DC line, DC2.4, after treatment with crude antigen (CA) from liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. However, expression patterns of several activation molecules did not change. In addition, following treatment of DC2.4 cells with antigen from the lung fluke, Paragonimus westermani, production of IL-10 and TGF-beta significantly increased compared with groups treated with other parasite antigens, Spirometra erinacei plerocercoid CA and Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cystic fluid. We also found that treatment of DC2.4 cells with C. sinensis CA resulted in rapid and significant phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, a mitogen-activated protein kinase. Following treatment of DC2.4 cells with C. sinensis CA, treatment with an inhibitor specific to an extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibited production of IL-10 and TGF-beta. Our results suggest that CA from C. sinensis has a role in the anti-inflammatory function of DC cells by inducing IL-10 and TGF-beta through activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Helminth/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Clonorchis sinensis/immunology , Dendritic Cells/drug effects , Interleukin-10/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143101

ABSTRACT

An 87-year-old woman visited our clinic for a scheduled cataract surgery. At the time of preoperative evaluation, slit lamp examination showed lattice-shaped and granular deposits with asymmetrical patterns in the stroma of both corneas. Genomic DNA samples of the patient, amplified by polymerase chain reaction, showed a single nucleotide substitution, c. 1580T>G (p.L527R), in the transforming growth factor-beta-induced TGFBI gene. We also found two additional SNP mutations, c.1620T>C (p.F540F) and c.1678+23G>A, along with the well-known L527R mutation. This is the first report of lattice corneal dystrophy type IV with an L527R mutation outside of Japan, and could challenge the idea that L527R is caused by a mutation from a single Japanese ancestor.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary/diagnosis , DNA/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Female , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143096

ABSTRACT

An 87-year-old woman visited our clinic for a scheduled cataract surgery. At the time of preoperative evaluation, slit lamp examination showed lattice-shaped and granular deposits with asymmetrical patterns in the stroma of both corneas. Genomic DNA samples of the patient, amplified by polymerase chain reaction, showed a single nucleotide substitution, c. 1580T>G (p.L527R), in the transforming growth factor-beta-induced TGFBI gene. We also found two additional SNP mutations, c.1620T>C (p.F540F) and c.1678+23G>A, along with the well-known L527R mutation. This is the first report of lattice corneal dystrophy type IV with an L527R mutation outside of Japan, and could challenge the idea that L527R is caused by a mutation from a single Japanese ancestor.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary/diagnosis , DNA/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Female , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
12.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 76(2): 126-128, mar.-abr. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-678181

ABSTRACT

We report an atypical case of granular corneal dystrophy recurrence after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. We describe clinical features, histopathological analysis of the lamellar graft specimen and DNA analysis results. The slit-lamp examination and histopathological findings from the graft specimen indicated the confinement of the typical deposits of granular corneal dystrophy deep in the graft interface area. This localization is atypical, since in most cases recurrences in grafts tend to be initially superficial and situated in the epithelial or subepithelial corneal layers. Molecular genetic analysis revealed an already described mutation and a new intronic variant. The unusual localization and timing of this recurrence of granular corneal dystrophy after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty suggests that corneal stromal keratocytes may play a role in the formation of granular deposits.


É relatado um caso atípico de recorrência de distrofia corneana granular após transplante lamelar anterior profundo. São descritas as características clínicas, a análise histopatológica do espécime do enxerto lamelar e os resultados de análises de DNA. O exame com lâmpada de fenda e a análise histopatológica do espécime do enxerto demonstram o confinamento dos depósitos típicos da distrofia corneana granular profundamente, na área de interface do enxerto. Esta localização é atípica, uma vez que, na maioria dos casos de recidivas em enxertos, estes tendem a ser no início localizados superficialmente, nas camadas epiteliais ou subepitelial da córnea. A análise genética molecular revelou uma mutação já descrita e uma nova variante intrónica. A localização incomum e o tempo de aparecimento da presente recorrência da distrofia corneana granular após transplante lamelar anterior profundo sugere que ceratócitos do estroma corneano possam desempenhar algum papel na formação dos depósitos granulares.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Corneal Transplantation , Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary/genetics , Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary/pathology , Corneal Stroma/pathology , Mutation , Recurrence , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71809

ABSTRACT

In this study, we examined the therapeutic effects of an immune-stimulating peptide, WKYMVm, in ulcerative colitis. The administration of WKYMVm to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-treated mice reversed decreases in body weight, bleeding score and stool score in addition to reversing DSS-induced mucosa destruction and shortened colon. The WKYMVm-induced therapeutic effect against ulcerative colitis was strongly inhibited by a formyl peptide receptor (FPR) 2 antagonist, WRWWWW, indicating the crucial role of FPR2 in this effect. Mechanistically, WKYMVm effectively decreases intestinal permeability by stimulating colon epithelial cell proliferation. WKYMVm also strongly decreases interleukin-23 and transforming growth factor-beta production in the colon of DSS-treated mice. We suggest that the potent immune-modulating peptide WKYMVm and its receptor FPR2 may be useful in the development of efficient therapeutic agents against chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Animals , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Proliferation , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon/pathology , Humans , Interleukin-23/genetics , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oligopeptides/pharmacology , Permeability , Receptors, Formyl Peptide/antagonists & inhibitors , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144792

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Replication of influenza A virus in the respiratory tract leads to cell damage and liberation of cytokines and chemokines. The in vivo cytokine induction and modulation by recombinant transforming growth factor- β1 (rTGF-β1) has not been studied. Therefore, in the present study the effect of rTGF-β1, a potent immunomodulatory cytokine which has anti-inflammatory properties and downregulates the release of inflammatory molecules, against influenza-virus infection in the airway of mice was investigated. Methods: rTGF-β1 was administered intravenously to mice with concomitant intranasal infection of influenza A/Udorn/317/72 (H3N2) virus, and the survival rate, virus titre, histopathological changes and levels of factors regulating inflammation in the airway fluid were analysed. Result: The immune response to influenza A virus was characterized by an influx of both macrophages and lymphocytes into the lungs of the infected host. rTGF-β1 significantly suppressed virus multiplication and improved the survival rate of mice. rTGF-β1 downregulated infiltration of neutrophils and the release of inflammatory molecules, such as interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) and stimulated release of IL-10 that potentiates anti-inflammatory response into airway. Interpretation & conclusions: A generalized pulmonary inflammation does not contribute to viral clearance but represents an immunological background within which antiviral immunity operates. Treatment with rTGF-β1 reduced macrophage count and neutrophils influx in lungs of infected mice.


Subject(s)
Immune System Phenomena , Influenza A virus/growth & development , Influenza A virus/immunology , Influenza A virus/pathogenicity , Respiratory Tract Infections , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/immunology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186641

ABSTRACT

Previously, we found that high doses of genistein show an inhibitory effect on uterine leiomyoma (UtLM) cell proliferation. In this study, using microarray analysis and Ingenuity Pathways Analysis(TM), we identified genes (up- or down-regulated, > or = 1.5 fold, P < or = 0.001), functions and signaling pathways that were altered following treatment with an inhibitory concentration of genistein (50 microg/ml) in UtLM cells. Downregulation of TGF-beta signaling pathway genes, activin A, activin B, Smad3, TGF-beta2 and genes related to cell cycle regulation, with the exception of the upregulation of the CDK inhibitor P15, were identified and validated by real-time RT-PCR studies. Western blot analysis further demonstrated decreased protein expression of activin A and Smad3 in genistein-treated UtLM cells. Moreover, we found that activin A stimulated the growth of UtLM cells, and the inhibitory effect of genistein was partially abrogated in the presence of activin A. Overexpression of activin A and Smad3 were found in tissue samples of leiomyoma compared to matched myometrium, supporting the contribution of activin A and Smad3 in promoting the growth of UtLM cells. Taken together, these results suggest that down-regulation of activin A and Smad3, both members of the TGF-beta pathway, may offer a mechanistic explanation for the inhibitory effect of a high-dose of genistein on UtLM cells, and might be potential therapeutic targets for treatment of clinical cases of uterine leiomyomas.


Subject(s)
Activins/genetics , Anticarcinogenic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15/genetics , Down-Regulation , Female , Genistein/pharmacology , Humans , Leiomyoma/metabolism , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Smad3 Protein/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Up-Regulation , Uterine Neoplasms/metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13096

ABSTRACT

Human amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAM-MSCs) are capable of differentiating into several lineages and possess immunomodulatory properties. In this study, we investigated the soluble factor-mediated immunomodulatory effects of hAM-MSCs. Mitogen-induced peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation was suppressed by hAM-MSCs in a dose-dependent manner as well as hAM-MSC culture supernatant. Moreover, interferon-gamma and interleukin (IL)-17 production significantly decreased from PBMC, whereas IL-10 from PBMCs and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) production from hAM-MSCs significantly increased in co-cultures of hAM-MSCs and PBMCs. Production of several MSC factors, including hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), TGF-beta, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and indoleamine 2, 3 dioxygenase (IDO), increased significantly in hAM-MSCs co-cultured with PBMCs. These results indicate that the immunomodulatory effects of hAM-MSCs may be associated with soluble factors (TGF-beta, HGF, PGE2, and IDO), suggesting that hAM-MSCs may have potential clinical use in regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Amnion/cytology , Cell Differentiation/immunology , Coculture Techniques , Dinoprostone/genetics , Female , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/genetics , Humans , Immunologic Factors/immunology , Immunophenotyping , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase/genetics , Interferon-gamma/immunology , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/chemistry , Regenerative Medicine/methods , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(8): 793-800, Aug. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595718

ABSTRACT

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant disease of the connective tissue that affects the ocular, skeletal and cardiovascular systems, with a wide clinical variability. Although mutations in the FBN1 gene have been recognized as the cause of the disease, more recently other loci have been associated with MFS, indicating the genetic heterogeneity of this disease. We addressed the issue of genetic heterogeneity in MFS by performing linkage analysis of the FBN1 and TGFBR2 genes in 34 families (345 subjects) who met the clinical diagnostic criteria for the disease according to Ghent. Using a total of six microsatellite markers, we found that linkage with the FBN1 gene was observed or not excluded in 70.6 percent (24/34) of the families, and in 1 family the MFS phenotype segregated with the TGFBR2 gene. Moreover, in 4 families linkage with the FBN1 and TGFBR2 genes was excluded, and no mutations were identified in the coding region of TGFBR1, indicating the existence of other genes involved in MFS. Our results suggest that the genetic heterogeneity of MFS may be greater that previously reported.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Genetic Heterogeneity , Genetic Linkage/genetics , Marfan Syndrome/genetics , Microfilament Proteins/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Chi-Square Distribution , Cohort Studies , Genetic Markers , Lod Score , Mutation Rate , Marfan Syndrome/diagnosis
18.
Indian J Cancer ; 2011 Jul-Sept; 48(3): 351-360
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144494

ABSTRACT

One of the major signaling pathways that determine the tumor aggression and patient outcome in pancreatic cancer is the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) pathway. It is inactivated at various levels in pancreatic cancer and plays a dual role in tumor initiation and progression. The Smad family of proteins transduce signals from the TGF-ß superfamily ligands that regulate cell proliferation, differentiation and death through activation of receptor serine/threonine kinases. This review discusses the structure, function and regulation of various participating Smad family members, and their individual roles in determining the progression and outcome of pancreatic cancer patients, with a special emphasis on Smad4.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , DNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/genetics , Pancreatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Phosphorylation , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Smad4 Protein/chemistry , Smad4 Protein/genetics , Smad4 Protein/metabolism , Smad6 Protein/genetics , Smad6 Protein/metabolism , Smad7 Protein/genetics , Smad7 Protein/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 65-73, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146144

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been known to increase neutrophil production and have anti-inflammatory properties, but the effect of G-CSF on pulmonary system is in controversy. We investigated whether G-CSF treatment could attenuate hyperoxia-induced lung injury, and whether this protective effect is mediated by the down-modulation of inflammatory responses in a neonatal rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats (Orient Co., Seoul, Korea) were subjected to 14 days of hyperoxia (90% oxygen) beginning within 10 h after birth. G-CSF (20 microg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally on the fourth, fifth, and sixth postnatal days. RESULTS: This treatment significantly improved hyperoxia-induced reduction in body weight gain and lung pathology such as increased mean linear intercept, mean alveolar volume, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling positive cells. Hyperoxia-induced activation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase, which is responsible for superoxide anion production, as evidenced by upregulation and membrane translocation of p67phox was significantly attenuated after G-CSF treatment, as were inflammatory responses such as increased myeloperoxidase activity and mRNA expression of transforming growth factor-beta. However, the attenuation of other proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 was not significant. CONCLUSION: In sum, G-CSF treatment significantly attenuated hyperoxia-induced lung injury by down-modulating the inflammatory responses in neonatal rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Blotting, Western , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Hyperoxia/complications , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Interleukin-6/genetics , Lung/drug effects , Lung Injury/drug therapy , NADPH Oxidases/metabolism , Peroxidase/metabolism , Pregnancy , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Weight Gain/drug effects
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7976

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lethal parenchymal lung disease characterized by myofibroblast proliferation. Alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) are thought to produce myofibroblasts through the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface receptors whose activation is associated with renal fibrosis during diabetes and liver fibrosis. RAGE is expressed at low basal levels in most adult tissues except the lung. In this study, we evaluated the interaction of ligand advanced glycation end products (AGE) with RAGE during the epithelial to myofibroblast transition in rat AECs. Our results indicate that AGE inhibited the TGF-beta-dependent alveolar EMT by increasing Smad7 expression, and that the effect was abolished by RAGE siRNA treatment. Thus, the induction of Smad7 by the AGE-RAGE interaction limits the development of pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting TGF-beta-dependent signaling in AECs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects , Glycation End Products, Advanced/genetics , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/metabolism , Pulmonary Alveoli/cytology , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Rats , Receptors, Immunologic/genetics , Smad7 Protein/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
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