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Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236605, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1414695


OBJECTIVE: to assess the effectiveness and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheter for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHOD: this review will follow the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, and the search steps will be presented through the flow diagram. The search strategy aims to locate both published and unpublished studies. No time or language restrictions will be applied. The review will consider experimental and observational studies that include adult and pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients using peripherally inserted central catheters will be compared with those using other central catheters.

Catheterization, Peripheral , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389824


Resumen Introducción: El trasplante renal corresponde al tratamiento de elección para la enfermedad renal crónica. No existe un protocolo universalmente aceptado para la evaluación otorrinolaringológica del receptor del riñón a implantar, existiendo una gran heterogeneidad en su práctica. La tomografía computada de cavidades paranasales es uno de los estudios más habitualmente utilizados para descartar patologías otorrinolaringológicas que contraindiquen la intervención. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos imagenológicos de las tomografías computadas solicitadas como evaluación pretrasplante renal. Determinar si estos hallazgos condicionaron una contraindicación para trasplante o algún cambio en el manejo del paciente. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal mediante la revisión de fichas clínicas de pacientes derivados a estudio pretrasplante renal durante el año 2018 en el Hospital Carlos Van Buren. Resultados: Se obtuvo información de 40 pacientes derivados para evaluación otorrinolaringológica. El promedio de edad fue de 49 ± 11,4 años; 55% fueron mujeres. La causa más frecuente de enfermedad renal fue idiopática (70%). A 34 de 40 pacientes se les solicitó evaluación tomográfica. A cinco pacientes se les indicó corticoides intranasales y se derivó un paciente a evaluación dental. No se generó ninguna contraindicación para el trasplante renal. Discusión: Existe poca literatura sobre la utilidad de la tomografía de cavidades paranasales como estudio pretrasplante renal. En el presente estudio no se encontró ningún hallazgo que contraindicara la intervención. Conclusión: Se necesitan más estudios para poder asegurar si la evaluación otorrinolaringológica y el uso de tomografía tiene alguna implicancia en la evolución de los pacientes sometidos a trasplante renal.

Abstract Introduction: Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for chronic kidney disease. There is no universally accepted protocol for the otorhinolaryngological evaluation of the recipient, and there is heterogeneity in clinical practice. Computed tomography of the paranasal cavities is one of the most commonly used studies to rule out otorhinolaryngological pathologies that contraindicate the intervention. Aim: To describe the imaging findings of the computed tomographies requested as a pre-transplant evaluation. To determine if these findings determined a contraindication for transplantation or any change in the patient's management. Material and Method: Descriptive cross-sectional study by reviewing the clinical records of patients referred to a pre-kidney transplant study during 2018 at the Hospital Carlos Van Buren. Results: Information was obtained from 40 patients referred for otorhinolaryngological evaluation. The average age was 49 ± 11.4 years; 55% were women. The most common cause of kidney disease was idiopathic (70%). 34 of 40 patients had a computed tomography. Five patients received intranasal corticosteroids and one patient was referred for dental evaluation. There were no contraindications for renal transplantation. Conclusion: There is little literature on the usefulness of paranasal cavity tomography as a pre-kidney transplant study. In the present study, no finding was found that would contraindicate the intervention. More studies are needed to be able to ascertain whether the otorhinolaryngological evaluation and the use of tomography have any implications in the evolution of patients undergoing kidney transplantation.

Humans , Male , Female , Otolaryngology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928749


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) by using parental donors on thalassemia patients.@*METHODS@#The 13 thalassemia patients treated by haplo-HSCT using parental donors in our hospital from July 1, 2016, to July 1, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Hematopoiesis reconstitution, the incidence of GVHD, infections and the long-term survival of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twelve of the 13 patients were successfully implanted, the success rate of implantation was 92.3%. The median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 12.5 days (range, 9-22 days) and 21 days (range,12-34 days), respectively. One patient achieved primary graft failure. Three (25%) patients developed to acute GVHD (aGVHD) and achieved complete remission after treatment. Chronic GVHD developed in three (25%) patients, one of them was extensive and under treatment, while one patient developed to severe bacterial infection (7.7%). CMV viremia was diagnosed in two patients (15.4%). There were no patients developed to CMV disease. Three (23.1%) patients achieved EB viremia after transplantation, one of them developed to EBV-related lymphocytic proliferative disease, while there were no patients showed invasive fungal infection. At the last follow-up, all patients survived, twelve of them were free from transfusion dependency. There were no transplant-related deaths. Projected overall and thalassemia-free survival at three years was 100% and 92.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The transplant protocol of haplo-HSCT by using parental donors in patients with thalassemia has reliable source of donors, high incidence of successful implantation and low incidence of GVHD, which can be used as an effective way to increase the source of donors in children with thalassemia.

Child , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Parents , Retrospective Studies , Thalassemia/therapy , Transplantation Conditioning/methods , Treatment Outcome , Viremia
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928746


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) in combination of ATG and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) -induced immune tolerance after transplantation in treatment of childhood myelodysplastic syndromes(MDS).@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to November 2020, a total of 8 children with MDS receiving the haploidentical allo-HSCT combined with ATG and PTCy-induced immune tolerance after transplantation in our hospital were enrolled, whose clinical data were retrospected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Median age at diagnosis of the 8 children (1 male and 7 females) was 6.4 (range, 10 months to 15 years) years old. The median medical history of MDS was 2.7 years (range, 3 months to 8 years). Among the 8 patients, 7 cases were diagnosed with refractory cytopenia of childhood and one with refractory anemia with excess of blasts. The HSC donors were father, mother or brother of patients and HLA matching in 6-9/12 loci were identical. All the donors were healthy and didn't carry the same pathogenic genes as the recipients. The median age of donors was 36.4 (range, 25 to 49) years old. The median mononuclear cell (MNC) number of the graft was 19.8, ranging in (13.2-47.3)×108/kg, and the median CD34+ cell number was 11.8×106/kg, ranging in (5.0-18.3)×106/kg. Graft-versus-host disease prophylactic regimen was started on day 3 and 4 after transplantation, in which cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg·d) was administered by intravenous infusion. From day 5 after transplantation, low-dose tacrolimus was administered by intravenous infusion and mycophenolate mofetil was administered orally. The median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 12.6 (rang, 11 to 15) days and 13.3 (rang, 11 to 18) days, respectively. All the patients achieved full donor chimerism on neutrophil engraftment after transplantation. The median follow-up time was 1 032 (rang, 747 to 1 536) days. Both overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate were 100%.@*CONCLUSION@#Haplo-HSCT combined with ATG and PTCy-induced immune tolerance after transplantation is a safe and effective treatment for children with MDS.

Adult , Child , Cyclophosphamide , Female , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Transplantation Conditioning , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928698


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of haploid allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(haplo-HSCT) in the treatment of severe aplastic anemia (SAA), and to explore the efficacy different between post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT/Cy) and standard-dose ATG.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 38 patients with SAA in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The efficacy was evaluated. The patients with haplo-HSCT were divided into low-dose ATG combined with PT/Cy group and standard-dose ATG group, and the blood cell hematopoietic reconstruction time, GVHD incidence, mortality and survival time of the patients in the two groups was compared.@*RESULTS@#Among the 32 patients, hematopoietic reconstitution were detected in 9375%(30/32) recipients. The median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 15(10-22) days and 13(7-30) days, respectively. The incidence of GVHD was 21.89%, the incidence of infection was 93.75%, and the 2-year overall survival rate was 84.38%. The hematopoietic reconstitution time, incidence of GVHD, mortality rate and survival time were no statistical differences between the patients in the two groups(all P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Haplo-HSCT is an effective method for the treatment of SAA,low-dose ATG combined with PT/Cy can lighten the economic burden on patients, it would be a feasible treatment plan for SAA with light side effect.

Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Graft vs Host Disease , Haploidy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928671


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, safety and the risk factors affecting prognosis of high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated by cladribine-based intensified conditioning regimen.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 28 patients with high-risk AML treated by cladribine in combination with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (BuCy) intensified conditioning regimen before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University from October 2016 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The overall survival (OS) rate, cumulative progression-free survival (PFS) rate, relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM), regimen related toxicity (RRT) and risk factors affecting prognosis of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 1-year OS and PFS of the patients after implantation was (78.8±8.6)% and (79.8±8.1)%, while the 1-year cumulative relapse rate and NRM of the patients was 9.3% and 22.0%, respectively. The 1-year expected OS of MRD- high-risk patients before HSCT was 100%. The 1-year expected OS and PFS of the patients in pre-transplant relapse group was (46.9±18.7)% and (50.0±17.7)%, respectively. The incidence of I/II grade RRT was 39.3%. NO III/IV grade RRT were found in 28 patients. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-transplant relapse was the independent risk factor affecting OS and PFS of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The intensified conditioning regimen of cladribine in combination with BuCy can reduce the relapse rate of high-risk AML transplantation, and its RRT is mild, exhibiting good safety. MRD- high-risk patients before HSCT can achieve better transplant benefits, but the prognosis of patients with relapse before transplantation is not significantly improved. Therefore, for non-relapsed high-risk AML patients, this intensified conditioning regimen deserves to be considered.

Busulfan , Cladribine , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 78(3): 225-233, May.-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285487


Abstract Background: Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary bone dysplasia characterized by insufficient osteoclast activity that results in increased bone mineral density. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can reverse skeletal abnormalities and restore hematopoiesis. Case report: We present the case of a 3-year and 2-month-old male patient with the diagnosis of osteopetrosis. The patient underwent allogeneic HSCT (Allo-HSCT) using 100% compatible bone marrow from a related donor and received a myeloablative conditioning regimen and a CD34 cell dose (4.7 × 107/kg). In the early post-transplant, frequent complications such as pneumonitis, hypercalcemia, and hyperphosphatemia ocurred. With a suitable granulocytic graft and chimerism of 100%, it was considered a successful transplant. However, the patient showed a delayed platelet graft treated with a platelet-stimulating factor for 6 months. The patient is currently disease-free, outpatient follow-up, with no data on graft-versus-host disease, and no progressive neurological damage. Conclusions: Osteopetrosis is a childhood disease that requires clinical suspicion and early diagnosis. HSCT is necessary at an early age to prevent disease progression and sensorineural, hematological, and endocrinological functions damage that can lead to death.

Resumen Introducción: La osteopetrosis es una displasia ósea hereditaria poco común, caracterizada por una actividad osteoclástica deficiente que aumenta la densidad mineral ósea. Se considera que el trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH) puede revertir las anormalidades esqueléticas y restaurar la hematopoyesis. Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 3 años y 2 meses de edad, con diagnóstico tardío de osteopetrosis. Se realizó un TCPH alogénico de donador relacionado 100% compatible con médula ósea. Se utilizaron un régimen de acondicionamiento mieloablativo y una dosis celular de CD34 de 4.7 × 107/kg de peso. En el postrasplante temprano, el paciente desarrolló complicaciones como neumonitis, hipercalcemia e hiperfosfatemia. Con un injerto granulocítico adecuado y quimerismo del 100% se consideró un trasplante exitoso. Sin embargo, el paciente presentó retraso en el injerto plaquetario, por lo que se administró factor estimulante de plaquetas por 6 meses. Actualmente el paciente se encuentra libre de enfermedad, en seguimiento ambulatorio, sin datos de enfermedad del injerto contra el hospedero y con pruebas de neurodesarrollo sin deterioro neurológico progresivo. Conclusiones: La osteopetrosis es una enfermedad infantil que requiere una sospecha clínica y un diagnóstico temprano, ya que es necesario un TCPH a corta edad como tratamiento para evitar la progresión de la enfermedad y el deterioro de las funciones neurosensoriales, hematológicas y endocrinológicas que puede derivar en la defunción del paciente.

Child , Humans , Infant , Male , Osteopetrosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Osteopetrosis/genetics , Osteopetrosis/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Chloride Channels , Transplantation Conditioning , Mutation
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE02892, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1248531


Resumo Objetivo: Mapear estudos de enfermagem que contemplem os cuidados de enfermagem com pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoiética. Métodos: Revisão de escopo, cuja busca foi realizada nas bases MEDLINE, CINAHL e LILACS, no período de junho a agosto de 2019, em português, inglês e espanhol. Foram selecionadas 18 publicações que contemplavam a temática. Resultados: Os cuidados de enfermagem estiveram relacionados às fases do transplante, a saber: condicionamento, infusão, pega e pós-transplante. Conclusão: O conhecimento específico do cuidado de enfermagem com o paciente submetido ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoiética permite ao enfermeiro o reconhecimento de complicações dessa clientela, favorecendo intervenções precoces e visando ao restabelecimento do indivíduo, contribuindo, assim, para uma assistência de enfermagem baseada em evidências.

Resumen Objetivo: Mapear estudios de enfermería que contemplen los cuidados de enfermería de pacientes sometidos al trasplante de células madre hematopoyética. Métodos: Revisión de alcance, cuya búsqueda fue realizada en las bases MEDLINE, CINAHL y LILACS, en el período de junio a agosto de 2019, en portugués, inglés y español. Fueron seleccionadas 18 publicaciones que contemplaban la temática. Resultados: Los cuidados de enfermería estuvieron relacionados con las fases del trasplante, a saber: acondicionamiento, infusión, injerto y postrasplante. Conclusión: El conocimiento específico sobre los cuidados de enfermería de pacientes sometidos al trasplante de células madre hematopoyética permite al enfermero reconocer las complicaciones de esta clientela, favorece intervenciones precoces en busca de la recuperación del individuo y, de esta forma, contribuye para una atención de enfermería basada en evidencias.

Abstract Objective: To map nursing studies that address nursing care for patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: Scoping review, whose search was carried out in the MEDLINE, CINAHL and LILACS bases, from June to August 2019, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. We selected 18 publications on the theme. Results: The nursing care was related to the phases of the transplantation, namely: conditioning, infusion, harvest, and post-transplantation. Conclusion: The specific knowledge of nursing care for patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation allows the nurse to recognize complications of this clientele, favoring early interventions and aiming to restore the patient, thus contributing to evidence-based nursing care.

Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/nursing , Transplantation Conditioning/nursing , Evidence-Based Nursing , Nursing Care
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888493


Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a recommended alternative therapy for children with severe aplastic anemia who lack a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor and do not respond well to immunosuppressive therapy; however, due to non-identical HLA, the patients may have donor-specific anti-HLA antibody, which may lead to a relatively high incidence rate of poor graft function. Compared with HLA-identical transplantation, conditioning regimen for haploidentical transplantation still needs to be explored. This article reviews the detection and treatment of donor-specific anti-HLA antibody, the selection of conditioning regimen, and the mechanism and treatment of poor graft function in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Child , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1431-1440, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878193


BACKGROUND@#The impacts of previous cardio-cerebrovascular disease (pre-CCVD) on the outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are not well described. Patients with pre-CCVD may often be poor candidates for HCT. This study aimed to investigate the impact of pre-CCVD on transplant outcomes.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted between patients with and without pre-CCVD who consecutively received allogeneic or autologous HCT between November 2013 and January 2020 with a matching of age and disease status. The cardiovascular complications and HCT outcomes of the two groups were evaluated and compared. The primary endpoints were post-transplant cardio-cerebrovascular disease (post-CCVD) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). We used a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model and the Fine-Gray competing risk regressions for analyses to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs).@*RESULTS@#The outcomes of 23 HCT recipients with pre-CCVD were compared with those of 107 patients in the control group. No significant differences were noted in terms of engraftment, overall survival (OS) (67.00% vs. 67.90%, P = 0.983), or relapse (29.78% vs. 28.26%, P = 0.561) between the pre-CCVD group and the control group. The cumulative incidences of 2-year NRM were similar between patients with pre-CCVD and the controls (14.68% vs. 17.08%, P = 0.670). However, pre-CCVD was associated with an increased incidence of post-CCVD (HR: 12.50, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.88-40.30, P < 0.001), which was an independent risk factor for increased NRM (HR: 10.29, 95% CI: 3.84-27.62, P < 0.001) and inferior OS (HR: 10.29, 95% CI: 3.84-27.62, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#These findings suggest that the existence of pre-CCVD before transplantation might not result in increased mortality directly but superpose the toxicity of the transplantation procedure, leading to a risk of post-CCVD. Post-CCVD was a powerful predictor for high NRM and inferior OS. Further risk stratification of pre-CCVD is needed to reduce NRM in various transplantation settings.

Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Autologous
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 108-115, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880940


Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive drugs has emerged as a promising strategy in the setting of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Improved survival rate was reported in lymphoid malignancies following PT-Cy strategy compared with myeloid disease in non-myeloablative bone marrow transplant setting. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PT-Cy combined with cyclosporine as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after myeloablative conditioning and T cell-replete peripheral stem cell transplantation in lymphoid malignancies. This single-arm phase II clinical trial (NCT01435447) involving 31 adult patients was conducted from January 2013 to June 2018. The donor-type neutrophil engraftment rate was 100%, and the overall incidence of grade II to IV and grade III to IV acute GVHD was 39% and 24%, respectively. The cumulative incidence rates of chronic GVHD (35%), including moderate to severe forms (10%), were reduced compared with those of the historical group (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively). With a median follow-up of 18 months, the estimated 2-year overall and event-free survival was 64.8% (95% confidence interval: 47.8%-86.7%) and 58.4% (95% CI: 41.9%-81.7%), respectively. The 2-year cumulative incidence rate of relapse was 19.5% (95% CI: 9.0%-35.8%), whereas the non-relapse mortality rate was 21.8% (95% CI: 11.3%-38.1%). These results demonstrated the feasibility of PT-Cy as GVHD prophylaxis in this clinical setting. This strategy could significantly reduce the incidence of chronic GVHD and its moderate to severe forms but not of acute GVHD and results in similar survival outcomes compared with the historical group. A prospective study with additional patients is warranted to confirm the role of PT-Cy in lymphoid malignancy.

Adult , Busulfan/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Neoplasms , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Prospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Vidarabine/analogs & derivatives
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880135


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT) on the treatment of adult acute leukemia patients, moreover, to establish and evaluate a Logistic model to predict the risk of relapse in adult acute leukemia patients after allo-HSCT.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 adult acute leukemia patients treated by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2019 was enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. Complications and survival of patients were observed. The relationship between patients' age, diagnosis, leukocyte count at onset, risk stratification, time of diagnosis to transplantation, HCT-CI, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, donor-recipient sex relationship, HLA match degree, prophylaxis of graft versus host disease(GVHD), donor age, number of transfused mononuclear cells, CD34 positive cells, engraftment time, acute and chronic GVHD, CMV, EBV infection, and hemorrhagic cystitis and recurrence after transplantation were analyzed by logistic regression. Relapse prediction model was established and evaluated according to the results.@*RESULTS@#Among 145 acute leukemia patients, 81 with acute myeloid leukemia, 64 with acute lymphocytic leukemia, 18 with EBV infection, 2 with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder(PTLD), 85 with CMV, 26 with hemorrhagic cystitis, 65 patients developed acute GVHD, 51 patients developed chronic GVHD and 45 patients relapsed. The overall survival (OS) rates in one and three years were 86.4% and 61.8%, and the progress-free survival (PFS) rates in one and three years were 67.5% and 62.4%, respectively. There were significant differences in OS and PFS between relapsed and non-relapsed patients, as well as AML and ALL patients. Univariate analysis revealed that patient's age, risk stratification, time to transplantation, HCT-CI index, ATG based GVHD prophylaxis, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, GVHD prophylaxis, and acute and chronic GVHD were associated with the relapse of disease, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pre-transplantation minimal residual disease showed positively correlation with relapse of the disease, while chronic GVHD showed negatively correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#The relapse rate of adult acute leukemia patients treated with allo-HSCT in our hospital is 31.0%, and OS of AML patients is better than ALL patients'. OS of relapsed patients is significantly lower than non-relapsed patients'. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease is a risk factor of relapse. The risk of relapse is reduced in patients with chronic GVHD.

Adult , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880120


OBJECTIVE@#To establish a mouse mixed chimerism (MC) model of nonmyeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplantation(allo-BMT) and explore its affecting factors.@*METHODS@#The MC model was established by nonmyeloablative allo-BMT followed by high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). 123 mice in the experiments was retrospectively analyzed, and the factors related with the chimerism were explored with the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A multivariate linear regression was performed by R project to obtain a mathematical model for predicting the chimeric level with relevant affecting factors.@*RESULTS@#The model presented mixed chimerism on day 14 after transplantation, and was characterized by a donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) which significantly promoted donor engraftment on day 15, but transfplantation of PBS in control group was failed. Among 123 mice, 47 (38.21%) mice were MC, while 76 (61.79%) mice were non-MC in 123 mice, respectively; univariate analysis showed that the baseline body weight of mice (P=0.001, 17.84±1.19 g vs 18.50±0.94 g), total body irradiation(TBI,P=0.048) and the using of cyclophosphamide (P=0.16) were affected the chimeric state of mice, while the number of infusing cells and the time of detection showed no significant effects. Multivariate regression analysis showed that under certain conditions, the body weight of mice on day 0 was an independent factor affecting chimeric levels (OR=0.493, 95% CI 0.307-0.791, P=0.003). Through R project multiple linear regression, the math model was achieved, which was chimerism=6.09-12×weight(g)+80.03×TBI(Gy)-4.4×cell-counts (× 10@*CONCLUSION@#The experiment presents a method for establishing a mixed chimeric mice model after non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation and constructs a mathematical model with relevant factors affected chimerism status.

Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Chimera , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880099


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, safety and prognosis of auto-HSCT between classical and modified conditioning regimen in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.@*METHODS@#36 patients diagnosed as B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from January 2015 to June 2018 in Tianjin Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: Idarubicin group and non-Idarubicin group. The overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), adverse reactions and hematopoietic reconstitution time between the two groups were compared. Survival analysis was performed by using the Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test was used for comparison between groups, and Cox regression was used for multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 29 months. Among these 36 patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma before transplantation, 21 patients achieved CR and 15 patients achieved PR. The reconstitution time of neutrophil (P>0.05) and platelet (P>0.05) was not significantly different between Idarubicin and non-Idarubicin group. Also, the adverse reactions were not significantly different between two groups. The addition of idarubicin showed not aggravate the adverse reactions of patients. The OS and PFS of patients with idarubicin was longer than that of patients without idarubicin. The multivariate analysis showed that, the modified conditioning regimen and the remission state before transplantation were closely associated with prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The above-mentioned results indicated that the combination of modified conditioning regimen with idarubicin can lengthen the OS and PFS of the patients significantly, and show not aggravate of bone marrow inhibition, moreover, the hematopoietic reconsititution time show not lengthen, which means that it can be a safe and effective choice for autologous HSCT in the patients with B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , B-Lymphocytes , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880075


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of micro-transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 adult AML patients who received micro-transplantation as consolidation therapy from July 2014 to October 2019 was retrospectively analyzed, and the adverse reactions and efficacy of micro-transplantation were followed up.@*RESULTS@#Eight patients received micro-transpantation were still in complete remission, 5 patients relapsed after micro-transplantation, 1 of them received umbilical cord blood micro-transplantation after remission by reinduction, and all of the 13 patients have survived till now. The median overall survival time was 13 months, and the median relapse-free survival time was 12 months. All 13 patients developed grade 2-4 hematological adverse reactions. The median recovery time of neutrophils and platesets was 13 (11-15) and 15 (13-17) days, respectively. None of the 13 patients developed acute or chronic graft versus host disease. Twelve patients suffered from different infections, however, there were no serious organ function injury complications happened.@*CONCLUSION@#The micro-transplomtation of HLA-incompatible stem cells derived from peripheral blood or umbilical and blood is an effective regimen for the consolidation therapy of AML, especially for the patients suffered from low and moderate risk of AML or the aged AML patients.

Adult , Aged , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Treatment Outcome
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 718-727, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922504


Severe aplastic anemia II (SAA-II) progresses from non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA). The unavailability of efficacious treatment has prompted the need for haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (haplo-BMT) in patients lacking a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donor. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of haplo-BMT for patients with SAA-II. Twenty-two patients were included and followed up, and FLU/BU/CY/ATG was used as conditioning regimen. Among these patients, 21 were successfully engrafted, 19 of whom survived after haplo-BMT. Four patients experienced grade II-IV aGvHD, including two with grade III-IV aGvHD. Six patients experienced chronic GvHD, among whom four were mild and two were moderate. Twelve patients experienced infections during BMT. One was diagnosed with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and one with probable EBV disease, and both recovered after rituximab infusion. Haplo-BMT achieved 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rate of 86.4% ± 0.73% after a median follow-up of 42 months, indicating its effectiveness as a salvage therapy. These promising outcomes may support haplo-BMT as an alternative treatment strategy for patients with SAA-II lacking HLA-matched donors.

Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1601-1605, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922302


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and preliminarily explore the role of an improved post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) based conditioning regimen in PNH patients receiving transplantation.@*METHODS@#Clinical related data of PNH sufferers receiving allo-HSCT in Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were collected, and hematopoietic reconstitution, chimerism, PNH cloning, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), infection, and survival were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Totally five PNH patients receiving allo-HSCT were enrolled, including 1 case with classic PNH, 3 cases with aplastic anemia-PNH syndrome, 1 case with myelodysplastic syndrome, three of them (case 1-3) received the improved PTCy based conditioning regimen before HSCT. All sufferers engrafted successfully within 28 days, the median time of neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 11 days and 12 days, respectively, no patient occurred acute or chronic GVHD, after a median follow-up of 16 months, all recipients survived and completely eliminated PNH cloning.@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT can completely clear PNH cloning and restore hematopoietic function with controllable complications, and the improved PTCy based conditioning regimen is proved to be effective in PNH transplantation.

Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/therapy , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 352-359, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144900


Resumen Los pacientes trasplantados presentan mayor vulnerabilidad a complicaciones infecciosas, no solo debido al uso de drogas inmunosupresoras, sino que también, a las enfermedades subyacentes que presentan y a la falla de órganos primarios. A pesar de que las infecciones otorrinolaringológicas no son frecuentes en estos pacientes, es importante establecer un adecuado estudio y tratamiento de ellas. A través del siguiente artículo se aportan directrices en el estudio pretrasplante desde un enfoque otorrinolaringológico, generando recomendaciones de acuerdo a la patología del paciente y el órgano a trasplantar. Si bien, las recomendaciones se realizan según evaluación rinosinusal, otológica y faringoamigdalina, una adecuada anamnesis y examen físico son los pilares de la evaluación pretrasplante en otorrinolaringología, reservándose el estudio con imágenes para aquellos pacientes con alteraciones sospechosas.

Abstract Transplanted patients have higher frequency of infectious complications, not only due to the use of immunosuppressive drugs, but also the underlying diseases that present and the failure of primary organs. Although ear, nose and throat (ENT) infections are not frequent in these patients, it is important to establish an adequate study and treatment of them. Through the following article, guidelines are provided in the pretransplant study from an ENT approach, generating recommendations according to the pathology of the patient and the organ to be transplanted. Although, the recommendations are made according to rhinosinusal, otological and pharyngotonsiline evaluation, adequate anamnesis and physical examination are the pillars of the pretransplant evaluation in otolaryngology, reserving the study with images for patients with suspicious alterations.

Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases/surgery , Organ Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning/methods , Otitis Media/therapy , Sinusitis/therapy , Rhinitis/therapy , Surgical Clearance/methods , Infections
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: AE4530, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056061


ABSTRACT The nutritional status of patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplant is considered an independent risk factor, which may influence on quality of life and tolerance to the proposed treatment. The impairment of nutritional status during hematopoietic stem cell transplant occurs mainly due to the adverse effects resulting from conditioning to which the patient is subjected. Therefore, adequate nutritional evaluation and follow-up during hematopoietic stem cell transplant are essential. To emphasize the importance of nutritional status and body composition during treatment, as well as the main characteristics related to the nutritional assessment of the patient, the Brazilian Consensus on Nutrition in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant: Adults was prepared, aiming to standardize and update Nutritional Therapy in this area. Dietitians, nutrition physicians and hematologists from 15 Brazilian centers thar are references in hematopoietic stem cell transplant took part.

RESUMO O estado nutricional do paciente submetido ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas é considerado fator de risco independente, podendo influenciar na qualidade de vida e na tolerância ao tratamento proposto. O comprometimento do estado nutricional durante o transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas ocorre principalmente devido aos efeitos adversos decorrentes do condicionamento ao qual o paciente é submetido. Desta forma, a adequada avaliação nutricional e o acompanhamento durante o transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas tornam-se imprescindíveis. Com o objetivo de salientar a importância do estado nutricional e da composição corporal durante o tratamento, bem como as principais características relacionadas à avaliação nutricional do paciente, o Consenso Brasileiro de Nutrição em Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas: Adulto foi elaborado visando uniformizar e atualizar a Terapia Nutricional nesta área. Com a participação de nutricionistas, nutrólogos e hematologistas de 15 centros brasileiros referências em transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas

Humans , Adult , Nutritional Status , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/standards , Nutrition Therapy/standards , Brazil , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Parenteral Nutrition/methods , Parenteral Nutrition/standards , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Transplantation Conditioning , Nutrition Therapy/methods
Clinics ; 75: e1901, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133415


OBJECTIVES: To assess the craniofacial skeletal growth in pediatric hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) survivors in comparison with age-sex matched-paired controls. METHODS: A case-controlled retrospective comparison of the craniofacial growth in 25 HSCT children and 25 matched-paired controls was conducted. Craniofacial growth was quantitatively assessed by linear and angular measurements in panoramic radiographic images using ImageJ¯. Stature growth and body weight were obtained through physical examination. Cancer diagnosis, myeloablative conditioning, and HSCT were retrieved from medical records. RESULTS: Patients aged 12.2 years (±3.8; 16 male, 9 female). Radiographic images were obtained on an average of 2.43 (±2.0) years after HSCT. The main malignant diagnosis was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (56%), followed by acute myeloid leukemia (36%) and myelodysplastic syndromes (8%). Total body irradiation was associated with chemotherapy at 80%. Mean age at transplantation was 10 (±4.7) years. HSCT survivors showed reduced a vertical growth of the mandibular ramus (p=0.003). This persisted among individuals below 12 years of age (p=0.017). The HSCT group showed delayed dental eruption, though there was no statistically significant difference (p=0.3668). The HSCT group showed stature deficit, increased weight, and body mass index (Z-score stature: -0.28; Z-score weight: 0.38, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric HSCT has decreased vertical craniofacial growth compared to their matched controls. There might be an association between reduced craniofacial vertical growth and reduced estature growth. Further studies to quantitatively investigate the impact of different myeloablative regimens in craniofacial skeletal growth and development.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Whole-Body Irradiation/adverse effects , Transplantation Conditioning