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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e305, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278305

ABSTRACT

Las afecciones respiratorias agudas son la primera causa de consulta e ingreso hospitalario en los meses de invierno, y entre ellas el asma ocupa un lugar preponderante. El salbutamol es un broncodilatador con eficacia demostrada en las exacerbaciones y se utiliza de primera línea en el tratamiento. El objetivo de la presente comunicación es analizar dos casos clínicos de niños asmáticos que presentaron efectos adversos al salbutamol y requirieron el ingreso en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Se propone revisar los efectos adversos del salbutamol empleado en crisis asmáticas y analizar las alternativas terapéuticas en esta enfermedad. Los síntomas de los efectos secundarios pueden confundirse con los causados por la propia enfermedad, por lo que puede usarse el fármaco de modo excesivo y es importante conocer el perfil posológico y caracterizar los posibles efectos secundarios en los pacientes para usar de manera racional y segura este medicamento.


Acute respiratory conditions are the first cause of consultation and hospital admission in the Winter months, being asthma the most important. Salbutamol is a bronchodilator with proven efficacy in exacerbations used first-line in treatment. The objective of this paper is to analyze two clinical cases of asthmatic children who presented adverse effects to salbutamol and required admission to the Intensive Care Unit. It is proposed to review the adverse effects of salbutamol used in asthmatic crises and to analyze therapeutic alternatives in this disease. Symptoms of side effects can be confused with those caused by the disease itself, determining the excessive use of this drug, thus, it is important to know the dosage profile and characterize the possible side effects to make rational and safe use of this drug.


As doenças respiratórias agudas são a primeira causa de consultas e internações nos meses de inverno e a asma ocupa é a mais importante. O salbutamol é um broncodilatador com eficácia comprovada nas exacerbações e é usado como tratamento de primeira linha. O objetivo desta comunicação é analisar dois casos clínicos de crianças asmáticas que apresentaram efeitos adversos ao salbutamol e necessitaram de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Propõe-se revisar os efeitos adversos do salbutamol utilizado na crise asmática e analisar as alternativas terapêuticas nessa doença. Os sintomas de efeitos colaterais podem ser confundidos com os causados pela própria doença, determinando o uso excessivo desse medicamento, sendo importante conhecer o perfil posológico e caracterizar os possíveis efeitos colaterais nos pacientes para fazer um uso racional e seguro desse medicamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Acidosis, Lactic , Bronchodilator Agents/adverse effects , Albuterol/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced , Hypokalemia/chemically induced , Psychomotor Agitation/etiology , Recurrence , Asthma/drug therapy , Tachycardia/chemically induced , Tremor/chemically induced , Hallucinations/chemically induced
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(8): 512-522, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131740

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Neurophysiological studies are ancillary tools to better understand the features and nature of movement disorders. Electromyography (EMG), together with electroencephalography (EEG) and accelerometer, can be used to evaluate a hypo and hyperkinetic spectrum of movements. Specific techniques can be applied to better characterize the phenomenology, help distinguish functional from organic origin and assess the most probable site of the movement generator in the nervous system. Objective: We intend to provide an update for clinicians on helpful neurophysiological tools to assess movement disorders in clinical practice. Methods: Non-systematic review of the literature published up to June 2019. Results: A diversity of protocols was found and described. These include EMG analyses to define dystonia, myoclonus, myokymia, myorhythmia, and painful legs moving toes pattern; EMG in combination with accelerometer to study tremor; and EEG-EMG to study myoclonus. Also, indirect measures of cortical and brainstem excitability help to describe and diagnose abnormal physiology in Parkinson's disease, atypical parkinsonism, dystonia, and myoclonus. Conclusion: These studies can be helpful for the diagnosis and are usually underutilized in neurological practice.


RESUMO Introdução: Os estudos neurofisiológicos são métodos auxiliares para compreender melhor as características e a natureza dos distúrbios do movimento. A eletromiografia (EMG), em associação com o eletroencefalograma (EEG) e o acelerômetro, podem ser utilizados para avaliar um espectro de movimentos hipo e hipercinéticos. Técnicas específicas podem ser aplicadas para melhor caracterizar a fenomenologia, ajudar a distinguir a origem psicogênica da orgânica e avaliar o local mais provável de geração do movimento no sistema nervoso. Objetivo: Pretendemos fornecer ao clínico uma atualização sobre ferramentas neurofisiológicas úteis para avaliar distúrbios do movimento na prática clínica. Métodos: Revisão não sistemática da literatura publicada até junho de 2019. Resultados: Uma diversidade de protocolos foi encontrada e descrita. Dentre eles, inclui-se o uso de EMG para a definição do padrão de distonia, mioclonia, mioquimia, miorritmia e painfull legs moving toes, além do uso de EMG em associação ao acelerômetro para avaliar tremor e, em associação ao EEG para avaliar mioclonia. Ademais, técnicas para medida indireta de excitabilidade cortical e do tronco encefálico ajudam a descrever e diagnosticar a fisiologia anormal da doença de Parkinson, parkinsonismo atípico, distonia e mioclonia. Conclusão: Esses estudos podem ser úteis para o diagnóstico e geralmente são subutilizados na prática neurológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dystonia , Movement Disorders/diagnosis , Myoclonus/diagnosis , Tremor/diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Electromyography , Neurophysiology
3.
Medisan ; 24(4)jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125134

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El temblor es frecuente. Además de agravar el dolor, aumenta la demanda metabólica y el consumo de oxígeno; varios fármacos son utilizados para eliminarlo. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de la ketamina y el sulfato de magnesio en pacientes con temblor posanestesia subaracnoidea. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación cuasi-experimental de 394 pacientes, quienes se encontraban bajo anestesia espinal de forma electiva, atendidos en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde septiembre de 2016 hasta igual periodo de 2018. Se dividieron en 2 grupos aleatorios con 197 integrantes cada uno: A (ketamina 0,4 mg/kg) y B (sulfato de magnesio 50 mg/kg), a los cuales se le suministraron los medicamentos una vez iniciado el temblor. Resultados: En ambos grupos predominaron los pacientes de 45-64 años de edad. Hubo homogeneidad entre hombres y mujeres, sin significación estadística (p= 0,5378). La mayoría de los afectados se encontraban en el grupo de riesgo anestésico II (88,1 %). En los 2 grupos primó del grado III del temblor antes de la terapia, solo 3,5 % del grupo B a los 30 minutos mantuvo igual condición. En los primeros 10 minutos de suministrar el sulfato de magnesio despareció el temblor en la mayoría de los pacientes (74,5 %). Dicho fármaco resultó efectivo en 83,8 % de los afectados y en aquellos que recibieron ketamina fue de 42,1 %, ambos sin efectos secundarios. Conclusiones: La incidencia del temblor fue alta. La ketamina y el sulfato de magnesio fueron efectivos al permitir la desaparición del temblor en un corto periodo de tiempo, pero el segundo fármaco superó al primero en magnitud considerable.


Introduction: The shaking is frequent. Besides increasing the pain, it increases the metabolic demand and the oxygen consumption; several drugs are used to eliminate it. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of ketamine and magnesium sulfate in patients with shaking after subarachnoid anesthesia. Methods: A quasi-experimental investigation of 394 patients who received spinal anesthesia in an elective way, assisted at Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital was carried out in Santiago de Cuba, from September, 2016 to the same period in 2018. They were divided in 2 random groups with 197 members each one: A (ketamine 0.4 mg/kg) and B (magnesium sulfate 50 mg/kg), to whom the medications were given once shaking began. Results: In both groups the 45-64 years patients prevailed. There was homogeneity between men and women, without statistical significance (p = 0.5378). Most of those affected were in the group of anesthetic risk II (88.1 %). In the 2 groups the degree III of shaking before therapy prevailed, just 3.5 % in group B maintained the same condition at 30 minutes. In the first 10 minutes of giving the magnesium sulfate shaking disappeared in most of the patients (74.5 %). This drug was effective in 83.8 % of those affected and in those that received ketamine it was of 42.1 %, both without side effects. Conclusions: The incidence of shaking was high. The ketamine and magnesium sulfate were effective when allowing the disappearance of shaking in a short period of time, but the second drug overcame the first one in a considerable magnitude.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia/adverse effects , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Magnesium Sulfate/therapeutic use , Tremor
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(6): 443-450, June 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135645

ABSTRACT

Poisonous plants are a significant cause of death among adult cattle in Brazil. Plants that affect the central nervous system are widely spread throughout the Brazilian territory and comprise over 30 toxic species, including the genus Ipomoea, commonly associated with a lysosomal storage disease and a tremorgenic syndrome in livestock. We describe natural and experimental Ipomoea pes caprae poisoning in cattle from a herd in the Northside of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Affected cattle presented episodes of severe ataxia, abnormal posture followed by falling, muscular tremor, contraction, and spasticity, more prominent in the limbs, intensified by movement and forthcoming, and recumbence. Grossly, a substantial amount of leaves and petioles were found in the rumen. Histopathological examination showed degenerative neuronal changes, mostly in cerebellar Purkinje cells, which were confirmed with Bielschowsky silver. The characteristic clinical changes and mild histological lesion strongly suggested a tremorgenic syndrome. Lectin- immunohistochemistry evaluation reinforced this hypothesis; all lectins tested failed to react with affect neurons and Purkinje cells, which ruled out an underlying lysosomal storage disease. One calf given I. pes caprae leaves experimentally developed clinical signs similar to natural cases. On the 28th day of the experiment, the plant administration was suspended, and the calf recovered within four days. I. pes caprae's spontaneous tremorgenic syndrome in cattle is conditioned to exclusive feeding for several months. We were able to experimentally reproduce toxic clinical signs 12 days following the ingestion.(AU)


A intoxicação por plantas tóxicas está entre as três causas de morte mais importantes em bovinos adultos no Brasil. O grupo das plantas que causam alterações neurológicas, muito bem representada no país, encerra mais de trinta espécies tóxicas, entre as quais do gênero Ipomoea, amplamente distribuídas no território brasileiro. As plantas tóxicas desse gênero podem causar doenças do armazenamento ou síndrome tremorgênica. Descrevem-se a intoxicação natural e reprodução experimental por Ipomoea pes caprae em bovinos, verificada no norte do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Foram observados episódios de intensa ataxia locomotora, postura anormal seguida de queda, incapacidade de levantar-se, tremores, contrações, espasticidades musculares nos membros, intensificados após estimulação ou a simples aproximação e decúbito. Nos bovinos afetados há mais de 6 meses, os sinais clínicos tornavam-se permanentes. À necropsia havia apenas significativa quantidade de folhas e pecíolos da planta no rúmen. O estudo histopatológico evidenciou lesões neuronais degenerativas principalmente nos neurônios de Purkinje. A impregnação argêntica pela técnica de Bielschowsky ratificou esses achados microscópicos. As lesões histológicas sutis associadas ao quadro clínico indicam que trata-se de intoxicação tremorgênica. O fato de não haver nenhum armazenamento intracitoplasmático, confirmado pelo resultado do estudo lectino-histoquímico (não houve afinidade das lectinas Con-A, WGA e sWGA e de outras lectinas empregadas aos neurônios de Purkinje e outros neurônios afetados), é suficiente para descartar a possibilidade de tratar-se de doença do armazenamento. No bezerro intoxicado experimentalmente verificaram-se sinais clínicos semelhantes, entretanto, com a interrupção do fornecimento da planta no 28º dia, os sinais clínicos desapareceram após quatro dias. I. pes caprae causa síndrome tremorgênica espontânea em bovinos, quando ingerida como alimentação exclusiva durante períodos prolongados (muitos meses). Experimentalmente, os primeiros sinais clínicos da intoxicação foram reproduzidos após 12 dias de ingestão da planta.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plant Poisoning/veterinary , Plant Poisoning/epidemiology , Cattle Diseases , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/etiology , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/pathology , Ipomoea/poisoning , Tremor/etiology , Tremor/veterinary , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/veterinary
6.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 35(1): 9-14, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-989192

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN OBJETIVO: La enfermedad de Parkinson (EP) y el temblor esencial (TE) son las patologías que con más frecuencia presentan temblor como manifestación crucial, no obstante, a pesar de que su fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento son totalmente distintos. El síntoma de temblor suele acarrear un desafío clínico para su correcto enfoque, lo cual lleva frecuentemente a confusión y subsecuentemente a tratamientos erróneos. En este estudio se pretende caracterizar, individualizar y describir las manifestaciones atípicas del temblor en pacientes con diagnóstico de EP y TE con el objetivo de proporcionar herramientas para aumentar la efectividad del diagnóstico de estas condiciones. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio observacional, de corte transversal, en el cual se describió cada variable por medio de medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para variables cuantitativas y frecuencias absolutas y relativas para las variables categóricas. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron manifestaciones típicas y atípicas para ambas patologías, siendo el temblor en reposo la manifestación atípica más frecuente en TE; se encontró en el 35 % de los pacientes (p = 0,0001). Para la EP, un 40 % de los pacientes presentaron temblor postural (p = 0,001) como manifestación atípica. CONCLUSIONES: Los signos atípicos del temblor en la EP y en el TE deben ser tomados en cuenta al establecer el diagnóstico clínico de ambas patologías, para intentar disminuir la posibilidad de generar un diagnóstico erróneo con un tratamiento inadecuado.


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET) are the most prevalent pathologies in which tremor is an important symptom. Despite the fact that both conditions exhibit a totally different pathophysiology, diagnosis criteria and treatment, the clinical assessment of this manifestation tends to generate bias and confusion, leading to misdiagnosis and subsequently wrong prescriptions. This study intents to assess both typical and atypical features of PD and ET and provide some insights about the relevance of clinical judgement to provide better treatments. METHODOLOGY: This is an observational cross-sectional study with a sample of 20 PD patients and 20 ET patients. Each variable was described using measure of central tendency and dispersion for quantitative variables and absolute and relative frequencies for categorical ones. RESULTS: Typical and atypical manifestations were found in both pathologies, tremor at rest was the most frequent atypical manifestation in ET presented in 35 %% of patients (p = 0.0001). For PD 40 %% of patients showed postural tremor being the most frequent atypical characteristic (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Atypical signs in PD and ET must be taken into account to avoid misdiagnosis. The clinical phenomenology of both diseases concerning tremor can overlap, and tremor interpretation can improve patient care.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Signs and Symptoms , Tremor , Essential Tremor
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766798

ABSTRACT

Tremor is one of the most common movement disorders. The classification of tremor disorders was originally proposed in 1998, but subsequent advances have highlighted the limitations of the original criteria. A task force on tremor was convened by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society to review the previous criteria and to develop a revised classification scheme that will allow a more-comprehensive phenotype, thereby facilitating the discovery of specific etiologies. In this review we provide an overview of how to classify tremor disorders according to the new classification of tremors.


Subject(s)
Advisory Committees , Classification , Movement Disorders , Phenotype , Tremor
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766756

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Hand , Humans , Tremor
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766752

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. However, the history of PD and famous persons with PD have not been described in detail yet. METHODS: We summarized the history of PD before the first description of James Parkinson's. The four famous patients who were suspected or diagnosed with PD were reviewed through peer-reviewed journals as well as biographies, books, and media. RESULTS: Before the definition of PD was established, there were descriptions of various Parkinsonian symptoms in several literatures. The diagnoses of Adolf Hitler and Na Hyeseok are not certain and we only suspect that they had parkinsonism. The diagnoses of PD of the Pope John Paul II and Muhammad Ali are certain as they had medical records as well as video records that shows progressive deterioration. CONCLUSIONS: Even before James Parkinson, PD have been recognized and described focusing on the bradykinesia and tremor. We should keep in mind that detailed examination as well as transcriptions are important, and that long-term follow-up is needed to document or differentiate PD and its mimics.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Famous Persons , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypokinesia , Medical Records , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Parkinsonian Disorders , Tremor
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766579

ABSTRACT

The development of robotic technology has facilitated the application of minimally invasive techniques for complex gynecologic surgery. Robot-assisted gynecologic surgery has grown exponentially since receiving Food and Drug Administration approval for use in gynecologic surgery in 2005. Robotic surgery has several major advantages, including three-dimensional visual magnification, articulation beyond normal manipulation, and the filtering of the operator's hand tremors. Therefore, robotic surgery is suitable for microsurgery, and it could be an alternative option for laparotomy. Robotic surgery has advantages, especially for suture-intensive operations such as myomectomy. Patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy had significantly decreased estimated blood loss, complication rates, and length of hospital stay. The advantages of robotic surgery help to overcome the limitations of laparoscopy, especially for complicated procedures in deep infiltrating endometriosis. Although extensive radical operations for deep infiltrating endometriosis of the bowel and urinary tract, such as segmental resections of the bladder, ureters, and bowel, were performed by laparotomy in the past, they are now performed more easily and more effectively using robotic techniques. In a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, robotic and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy resulted in similar clinical outcomes, but robotic surgery was associated with a longer operation time and higher costs. Robotic and conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy show equivalent surgical and clinical outcomes. Compared to laparotomy, robotic gynecologic cancer surgery results in improved clinical outcomes and comparable oncologic outcomes. If robotic surgery is tailored in terms of patient selection, surgeon ability, and equipment availability, it could be a feasible option for highly advanced minimally invasive surgery.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Gynecology , Hand , Humans , Hysterectomy , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Length of Stay , Microsurgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Patient Selection , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Trachelectomy , Tremor , United States Food and Drug Administration , Ureter , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract , Uterine Myomectomy
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765860

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Tremor , Fragile X Syndrome , Ataxia
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Neurological symptoms in hospitalized patients are not rare, and neurological consultation for movement disorders is especially important in evaluating or managing those with various movement disorders. Therefore, we investigated a clinical pattern of in-hospital consultations for various movement disorders in a tertiary care university hospital. METHODS: Over two years, a total of 202 patients (70.7 ± 11.8 years of age) presenting with movement disorders referred to movement disorder specialists were investigated. RESULTS: The main symptoms referred by nonneurologists were tremor (56.9%), parkinsonism (16.8%), and gait disturbance (8.9%). The most frequent diagnostic category was toxic/metabolic-caused movement disorder (T/MCMD) (35%) with regard to medications, followed by Parkinson’s disease (PD) (16%). Regarding the mode of onset, T/MCMD was the leading cause for acute (68%) and subacute onset (46%), while PD was the leading disorder (31%) for chronic onset. CONCLUSION: The current study showed a characteristic pattern of inpatients presenting with movement disorders. Furthermore, our findings highlighted the clinical significance of drug use or metabolic problems for treating this patient population.


Subject(s)
Dyskinesias , Gait , Humans , Inpatients , Movement Disorders , Parkinsonian Disorders , Referral and Consultation , Specialization , Tertiary Healthcare , Tremor
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765836

ABSTRACT

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the zona incerta has shown promising results in the reduction of medically refractory movement disorders. However, evidence supporting its efficacy in movement disorders secondary to hemorrhagic stroke or hemichoreoathetosis is limited. We describe a 48-year-old man who developed progressive hemichoreoathetosis with an arrhythmic, proximal tremor in his right arm following a thalamic hemorrhagic stroke. Pharmacological treatment was carried out with no change in the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) score after 4 weeks (14). After six sessions of botulinum toxin treatment, a subtle improvement in the AIMS score (13) was registered, but no clinical improvement was noted. The arrhythmic proximal movements were significantly improved after DBS of the zona incerta with a major decrease in the patient’s AIMS score (8). The response to DBS occurring after the failure of pharmacological and botulinum toxin treatments suggests that zona incerta DBS may be an alternative for postthalamic hemorrhage movement disorders.


Subject(s)
Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Arm , Botulinum Toxins , Chorea , Deep Brain Stimulation , Hemorrhage , Herpes Zoster , Humans , Middle Aged , Movement Disorders , Stroke , Tremor , Zona Incerta
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 768-773, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762108

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) thalamotomy has become a standard treatment for medically intractable essential tremor (ET). Skull density ratio (SDR) and skull volume in patients with ET are currently considered useful indicators of the successful application of MRgFUS. We compared the clinical outcomes of MRgFUS thalamotomy with SDR above 0.4 and 0.45. We also described patterns of SDR and skull volume in Korean patients with ET who were eligible to be screened for MRgFUS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In screening 318 ET patients, we evaluated patterns of skull density and skull volume according to age and sex. Fifty patients with ET were treated with MRgFUS. We investigated the effects of SDR and skull volume on treatment parameters and the outcomes of ET. RESULTS: The mean SDR of the 318 ET patients was 0.45±0.11, and that for skull volume was 315.74±40.95 cm³. The male patients had a higher SDR than female patients (p=0.047). Skull volume significantly decreased with aging. SDR and skull volume exhibited a linear negative relationship. Among therapeutic parameters, maximal temperature was positively related to SDR, while sonication number was not related to either SDR or skull volume. Tremor outcome was also not related to SDR or skull volume. CONCLUSION: SDR varied widely from 0.11 to 0.73, and men had a higher SDR. Therapeutic parameters and clinical outcomes were not affected by SDR or skull volume.


Subject(s)
Aging , Essential Tremor , Female , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Skull , Sonication , Tremor , Ultrasonography
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1112-1115, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762046

ABSTRACT

Direct puncture and embolization of the transverse sinus (TS) for treatment of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is typically performed with coils with or without glue. We report a case of DAVF at the left TS that was treated with Onyx embolization via direct puncture of the TS. A 75-year-old woman presented with tremor, festinating gait, and dysarthria. A left TS-DAVF with retrograde superior sagittal sinus and cortical venous reflux (Cognard type IIa+b) was identified on cerebral angiography, and both TSs were occluded with thrombi. We considered that achieving complete cure by transvenous embolization via the femoral vein or transarterial embolization via occipital feeders would be difficult. Thus, we performed a small craniotomy at the occipital bone to puncture the TS. The midportion of the TS was directly punctured with a 21-G microneedle under fluoroscopic guidance. We inserted a 5-F sheath into the TS. A microcatheter was then navigated into the affected sinus. Coils were placed through the microcatheter to support Onyx formation by reducing the pressure of shunting flow. Onyx embolization was performed with the same microcatheter. The DAVF was almost completely occluded except for the presence of minimal shunting flow to the proximal TS. After 1 week, time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography showed complete resolution of DAVF. The patient showed resolved tremor and markedly improved mental status at 1-month follow up. Direct puncture and embolization of the TS using coils and Onyx is effective and feasible method for the treatment of DAVF when other approaches seem difficult.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Aged , Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations , Cerebral Angiography , Craniotomy , Dysarthria , Female , Femoral Vein , Follow-Up Studies , Gait Disorders, Neurologic , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Methods , Occipital Bone , Punctures , Superior Sagittal Sinus , Tremor
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761388

ABSTRACT

Adipsic hypernatremia is a rare disease where patients do not feel thirst even in the increased serum osmotic pressure and results in electrolyte imbalance, severely increased osmotic pressure and neurologic symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and seizures. We report a 12-year-old male patient who had underwent a trans-sphenoidal surgery for craniopharyngioma newly diagnosed with adipsic hypernatremia after having growth hormone replacement for growth hormone deficiency. The patient visited emergency room complaining of generalized weakness, tremor in both legs, and poor oral intake including water after starting growth hormone replacement therapy. Laboratory test revealed serum sodium 168 mmol/L and serum osmolality 329 mOsm/kg, despite the patient didn't feel any thirst at all. We treated him with scheduled water intake of 2.5 L a day with intranasal vasopressin. He admitted to Soonchunhyang University Gumi Hospital and Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital for 4 times during the following 8 months and serum sodium level and osmolality was controlled by scheduled water intake combined with intranasal vasopressin treatment. It is still unclear whether growth hormone replacement worked as a trigger of hypernatremia.


Subject(s)
Child , Craniopharyngioma , Drinking , Emergency Service, Hospital , Growth Hormone , Humans , Hypernatremia , Leg , Male , Nausea , Neurologic Manifestations , Osmolar Concentration , Osmotic Pressure , Rare Diseases , Seizures , Seoul , Sodium , Thirst , Tremor , Vasopressins , Vomiting , Water
18.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 50(1): 79-92, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-897138

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad de Parkinson es la segunda causa de enfermedad neurodegenerativa crónica progresiva, tiene una alta prevalencia e incidencia, genera un alto impacto en la calidad de vida de los pacientes e importantes costos en su atención. La enfermedad de Parkinson se desarrolla por la degeneración de las neuronas dopaminérgicas en la sustancia nigra pars compacta, lo que se manifiesta en la aparición de síntomas motores como la bradicinesia, temblor de reposo, rigidez e inestabilidad postural; así como también de síntomas no motores como alteraciones gastrointestinales, del sueño, autonómicas, cognitivas, entre otras, que reflejan el compromiso de diferentes vías no dopaminérgicas. El diagnóstico se apoya en sus manifestaciones clínicas más características y excluye otras causas de parkinsonismo. El tratamiento farmacológico busca controlar los síntomas motores y no motores, los cuales empeoran por la historia natural de la enfermedad o se acompañan de complicaciones debidas a la terapia, haciendo necesarias otras intervenciones como la estimulación cerebral profunda.


Abstract Parkinson's disease is the second cause of progressive chronic neurodegenerative disease, it has a high prevalence and incidence, generates a high impact on the quality of life of patients and significant costs due to its healthcare. Parkinson's disease is developed due to the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substance nigra pars compacta, which is manifested in the appearance of motor symptoms such as bradykinesia, rest tremor, rigidity and postural instability; as well as non-motor symptoms such as gastrointestinal, sleep, autonomic, cognitive alterations, among others, reflecting the impairment of different non-dopaminergic pathways. The diagnosis is based on its most frequent clinical manifestations and the exclusion of other causes of parkinsonism. The pharmacological treatment seeks to control motor and non-motor symptoms, which are worsened by the natural history of the disease or are accompanied by side effects induced by pharmacotherapy, making necessary other approaches such as deep brain stimulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease , Tremor , Levodopa , Deep Brain Stimulation , Movement Disorders
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714501

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute urticaria sometimes accompanies severe systemic reactions that can be potentially life-threatening. Some patients do not achieve sufficient responses to conventional treatments. There has been no previous study on the effect of continuous intravenous infusion of epinephrine in patients with severe acute urticaria. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of low-dose epinephrine in patients with severe acute urticaria who did not achieve a sufficient response to conventional treatments. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 74 patients with severe acute urticaria who were treated with continuous intravenous infusion of low-dose epinephrine between November 2008 and December 2016. One milligram (1 mL) of 1:1000 epinephrine was diluted in 1 L of saline to yield a concentration of 1 µg/mL. The solution was infused at 0.67 µg/min (40 mL/h). Vital signs were checked at 0, 30, 60, and 90 minutes after infusion of epinephrine. Epinephrine was discontinued after one symptom-free day. RESULTS: Clinical symptoms initially resolved within 24.8 hours on average and symptoms were completely resolved within 73.4 hours on average. Twenty-four adverse events, including palpitation, chest discomfort, hand tremor, increased blood pressure, and elevated cardiac markers, were observed in 19 patients (25.7%). Most adverse events were mild and regressed spontaneously without further management. Four patients (5.4%) stopped the infusion due to adverse events, but all events regressed spontaneously after stopping epinephrine. Six weeks after completion of intravenous infusion of epinephrine, 68 patients (91.9%) were symptom-free and six patients required antihistamines. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that continuous intravenous infusion of low-dose epinephrine is a safe and effective treatment in patients with severe acute urticaria who do not achieve a sufficient response to conventional treatments.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Epinephrine , Hand , Histamine Antagonists , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Tremor , Urticaria , Vital Signs
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718211

ABSTRACT

No previous reports have described a case in which deep brain stimulation elicited an acute mood swing from a depressive to manic state simply by switching one side of the bilateral deep brain stimulation electrode on and off. The patient was a 68-year-old woman with a 10-year history of Parkinson's disease. She underwent bilateral subthalamic deep brain stimulation surgery. After undergoing surgery, the patient exhibited hyperthymia. She was scheduled for admission. On the first day of admission, it was clear that resting tremors in the right limbs had relapsed and her hyperthymia had reverted to depression. It was discovered that the left-side electrode of the deep brain stimulation device was found to be accidentally turned off. As soon as the electrode was turned on, motor impairment improved and her mood switched from depression to mania. The authors speculate that the lateral balance of stimulation plays an important role in mood regulation. The current report provides an intriguing insight into possible mechanisms of mood swing in mood disorders.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bipolar Disorder , Deep Brain Stimulation , Depression , Electrodes , Extremities , Female , Humans , Mood Disorders , Parkinson Disease , Subthalamic Nucleus , Tremor
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