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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 233-235, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001310

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 21-year-old man presented with visual acuity of 20/200 in both eyes. The fundus picture, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography revealed severe bilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy and serous macular detachments. We treated the patient with triamcinolone acetonide, an intravitreal injection (4 mg/0.1 mL) in one eye and a posterior subtenon injection (40 mg/1 mL) in the other eye. Within 2 weeks the visual acuity was 20/80 in both eyes. At the 8-week follow-up visit his vision was 20/63 bilaterally. One year later the vision remained 20/63 in both eyes. In this patient, the triamcinolone acetonide injections, whether administered intravitreally or via the posterior subtenon route, achieved similar anatomic and functional recovery results.


RESUMO Um homem de 21 anos apresentou acuidade visual de 20/200 em ambos os olhos. O quadro de fundo de olho, angiofluoresceinografia e a tomografia de coerência óptica revelaram epiteliopatia pigmentar placóide multifocal posterior aguda e descolamento macular seroso. Tratamos o paciente com triancinolona acetonida, uma injeção intravítrea (4 mg/0,1 ml) em um olho e uma injeção subtenoniana posterior (40 mg/1 ml) no outro olho. Após 2 semanas, a acuidade visual foi de 20/80 em ambos os olhos. Na visita de acompanhamento de 8 semanas, sua visão foi de 20/63 bilateralmente. Um ano depois, a visão permaneceu 20/63 em ambos os olhos. Neste paciente, as injeções de triancinolona, administradas por via intravítrea ou por via subtenoniana posterior, obtiveram resultados semelhantes na recuperação anatômica e funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Tenon Capsule , Intravitreal Injections/methods , White Dot Syndromes/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Fluorescein Angiography , Visual Acuity , Treatment Outcome , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , White Dot Syndromes/pathology , White Dot Syndromes/diagnostic imaging
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(5): 278-281, set.-out. 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977866

ABSTRACT

Resumo Relatar um caso de um paciente portador de Oftalmia Simpática (OS), com descolamento seroso da retina documentado através de tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio spectral (SD OCT), indocianina verde (ICG) e angiofluoreceinografia (AGF), que o diagnóstico foi realizado em uma consulta de rotina e iniciado tratamento clínico .


Abstract To report the case of a patient with sympathetic ophthalmia (OS), with serous detachment of retinal documented by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), indocyanine green (ICG) and angiofluorecephography (AGF). The diagnosis was made in a routine consultation and clinical treatment was initiated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Fluorescein Angiography , Ophthalmia, Sympathetic/diagnosis , Ophthalmia, Sympathetic/drug therapy , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Tonometry, Ocular/methods , Wounds, Gunshot , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Eye Injuries, Penetrating/complications , Ophthalmia, Sympathetic/complications , Eye Evisceration , Injections, Intraocular , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Indocyanine Green/administration & dosage , Intraocular Pressure
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(4): 323-329, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950469

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the response to sub-Tenon's triamcinolone injection in patients with uveitis. Methods: We studied 28 eyes with macular edema associated with controlled uveitis. We administered sub-Tenon's injection of triamcinolone and followed the patients for 180 days to analyze the positive effects (improvement of macular edema and visual acuity) and monitor the possible adverse effects. This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil. Results: We observed improvement in macular edema in 86% of patients. The mean central macular thickness at each time point of assessment was 432.22, 298.80, 286.37, 267.49, 253.87, and 253.49 mm at baseline (before sub-Tenon's injection of triamcinolone), 15 days after the procedure, at 30 days, at 60 days, at 90 days, and at 180 days, respectively. The mean reduction in retinal thickness was 30.8%, 33.7%, 38.11%, 41.2%, and 41.35% at 15, 30, 60, 90, and 180 days of follow-up, respectively. Visual acuity also improved in 85.7% of patients, with a mean improvement of 1.36, 1.93, 2.23, 2.26, and 2.30 lines gained on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart at 15, 30, 60, 90, and 180 days of follow-up, respectively. No statistically significant increases in intraocular pressure and conjunctival abnormalities were caused by the procedure, and no other adverse effects were observed. Overall, the results of this study were similar to those described in the literature. Conclusions: Sub-Tenon's injection of triamcinolone provides reduced macular thickness and improvement in visual acuity with no significant adverse effects and is therefore an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of sequelae of uveitis.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar os efeitos da injeção subtenoniana de triancinolona em pacientes com uveítes. Métodos: Foram incluídos na avaliação 28 olhos com edema macular associado à uveíte. Esses pacientes foram submetidos à injeção subtenoniana de triancinolona e acompanhados ao longo de 180 dias, para analisar os efeitos em relação à melhora do edema macular, da acuidade visual e acompanhamento de possíveis efeitos adversos. Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo, realizado no Serviço de Oftalmologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Resultados: Foi verificada melhora do edema macular em 86% dos pacientes, sendo uma redução média da espessura retiniana de 30,8% aos 15 dias, 33,7% aos 30 dias, 38,11% aos 60 dias, 41,2% aos 90 dias e 41,35% aos 180 dias de seguimento. Também foi observado melhora da acuidade visual em 85,7% dos pacientes e ganho de linhas na tabela de acuidade visual, sendo 1,36 linhas aos 15 dias de seguimento, 1,93 linhas aos 30 dias, 2,23 linhas aos 60 dias, 2,26 linhas aos 90 dias e 2,30 linhas aos 180 dias. Não houve significância estatística em relação ao aumento da pressão intraocular e às alterações conjuntivais causadas pelo procedimento, sem detecção de qualquer outro efeito colateral. Foi concluído que os resultados encontrados nesse estudo são similares aos descritos na literatura. Conclusões: A injeção subtenoniana de triancinolona é um procedimento eficaz e seguro para o tratamento das sequelas por quadros de uveítes, proporcionando redução da espessura macular e melhora da acuidade visual, sem relação com efeitos adversos significativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Uveitis/drug therapy , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Uveitis/complications , Visual Acuity , Macular Edema/etiology , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intravitreal Injections , Intraocular Pressure
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): 186-188, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888116

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the use of supratarsal injection of triamcinolone acetonide in severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in children. Methods: Patients included in this open clinical trial were those with severe VKC-associated with keratitis, gelatinous limbal infiltrates, and/or giant papillae, with a history of recurrence and resistance to conventional topical antiallergic agents. Patients were treated with a supratarsal injection of 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide. Results: Analysis included 27 injections in 23 eyes of 17 patients with severe allergic keratoconjunctivitis. Mean age was 12.3 (range: 7-19) years. Mean follow-up time was 39.3 months (SD=19.21). In the 17 patients, the disease was successfully controlled for an average of 3.6 months (range: 1-16), during which allergy symptoms and signs were significantly improved, with complete resolution of lid edema and conjunctival chemosis, significant decline of pannus and keratitis, and reduction of giant papillae size. Conclusion: Treatment of severe, acute VKC in children with supratarsal injection of 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide showed satisfactory results and was well tolerated by patients; it may therefore constitute a safe option for severe and challenging cases. While full disease remission was not achieved, a significant improvement was found in ocular allergy symptoms and signs, with a reduction in the frequency of acute recurrences.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o uso da injeção supratarsal de triancinolona na ceratocon junti vite primaveril grave (VKC) em crianças. Métodos: Pacientes com VKC grave associada à ceratite, limbo gelatinoso e/ou papilas gigantes, com história de recidivas e resistência a agentes antialérgicos tópicos convencionais foram incluídos neste ensaio clínico. Os pacientes foram tratados com injeção de 20 mg de acetato de triancinolona supratarsal. Resultados: A análise incluiu 23 olhos de 17 pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite alérgica grave. A idade média foi de 12,3 com intervalo de 7-19 anos. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 39,3 meses (DP 19,21). Dos 17 pacientes, a doença foi controlada com sucesso por uma média de 3,6 meses (intervalo 1-16) em que os sinais e sintomas foram significativamente melhorados com resolução completa do edema palpebral e quemose conjuntival, redução significativa de pannus, ceratite e redução do tamanho das papilas gigantes. Conclusão: O tratamento da VKC grave em crianças com injeção supratarsal de 20 mg de acetato de triancinolona mostrou resultados satisfatórios, sendo bem tolerada pelas crianças às quais foram submetidas, podendo constituir uma opção segura para casos graves e difíceis de VKC. Uma melhora significativa foi encontrada nos sinais e sintomas alérgicos oculares, com diminuição da frequência de recidivas agudas, no entanto sem se mostrar efetiva para a completa remissão da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Injections, Intraocular , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Age of Onset , Eyelids/drug effects , Administration, Ophthalmic , Medical Illustration
5.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(2): 115-121, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844220

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To evaluate local joint variables after intra-articular injection with triamcinolone hexacetonide in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Methods: We blindly and prospectively (baseline, 1, 4, 12 and 24 weeks) evaluated metacarpophalangeal, wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee and ankle joints after triamcinolone hexacetonide intra-articular injection by the following outcome measures: visual analogue scale 0–10 cm (VAS) for rest pain (VASR); VAS for movement pain (VASM); VAS for joint swelling (VASSw); flexion (FlexG) and extension (ExtG). Results: 289 patients (635 joints) were studied. VASSw (p < 0.001) and VASR (0.001 < p < 0.016) improved from T0 to T4, T12 and T24 for all joints. VASM improved from T0 to T4 (p < 0.021) for all joints; T0 to T12 (p < 0.023) for MCF and knee; T0 to T24 (p < 0.019) only for MCF and knee. FlexG improved from T0 to T4 (p < 0.001) for all joints; T0 to T12 (p < 0.001) and T0 to T24 (p < 0.02) only for MCF and knee. ExtG improved from T0 to T4 (p < 0.001) for all joints except for elbow; T0 to T12 (p = 0.003) for wrist, metacarpophalangeal and knee; and T0 to T24 (p = 0.014) for MCF and knee. Conclusion: VASSw responded better at short and medium term after IAI with triamcinolone hexacetonide in our sample of RA patients.


Resumo Objetivos: Avaliar variáveis articulares locais após a injeção intra-articular (IIA) de hexacetonido de triancinolona (HT) em pacientes com artrite reumatoide (AR). Métodos: Avaliaram-se de modo cego e prospectivo (inicial, 1, 4, 12 e 24 semanas) as articulações metacarpofalângica (MCF), punho, cotovelo, ombro, joelho e tornozelo após a IIA de HT à procura das seguintes medidas de desfecho: escala visual analógica (EVA) de 0 a 10 cm para dor em repouso (EVAr); EVA para dor ao movimento (EVAm); EVA para inchaço das articulações (EVAi); flexão (FlexG) e extensão (ExtG). Resultados; Estudaram-se 289 pacientes (635 articulações). A EVAi (p < 0,001) e a EVAr (0,001 < p < 0,016) melhoraram de T0 a T4, T12 e T24 em todas as articulações. A EVAm melhorou de T0-T4 (p < 0,021) em todas as articulações; T0-T12 (p < 0,023) na MCF e no joelho; T0-T24 (p < 0,019) apenas na MCF e no joelho. A FlexG melhorou de T0-T4 (p < 0,001) em todas as articulações; T0-T12 (p < 0,001) e T0-T24 (p < 0,02) apenas na MCF e no joelho. A ExtG melhorou de T0-T4 (p < 0,001) em todas as articulações, exceto no cotovelo; T0-T12 (p = 0,003) no punho, na MCF e no joelho; e T0-T24 (p = 0,014) na MCF e no joelho. Conclusão: A EVAi respondeu melhor em curto e médio prazos após a IIA de HT na presente amostra de pacientes com AR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Wrist Joint/pathology , Triamcinolone Acetonide/analogs & derivatives , Inflammation/drug therapy , Knee Joint/pathology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/physiopathology , Pain Measurement , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Inflammation/physiopathology , Injections, Intra-Articular , Middle Aged
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 97-103, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To analyze the effects of injections of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) and intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) on the incidence rates of anterior segment neovascularization (ASN) and neovascular glaucoma (NVG) in patients with macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: In this prospective, randomized, double-masked, sham-controlled study, 35 patients with macular edema following CRVO were randomized to intravitreal bevacizumab, intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide, or sham injections during the first 6 months of the study. The primary outcome was the incidence rate of ASN at month 6. The secondary outcomes were the mean changes from baseline in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central foveal thickness (CFT) on optical coherence tomography over time to month 12. Results: ASN developed in 8 (22.86%) eyes, including 5 (62.50%) eyes in the sham group and 3 (37.50%) eyes in the IVTA group, during 12 months of fol low-up (p=0.009). BCVA differed significantly (p<0.05) among the groups only at month 1. CFT did not differ significantly (p<0.05) among the groups over 12 months. NVG required surgery and developed in one eye despite laser treatment. Conclusion: Early treatment with intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy decreases the rates of ASN and NVG after CRVO.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar as taxas de incidência de neovascularização do segmento anterior (NSA) e de glaucoma neovascular (GNV), em pacientes com edema macular secundário a oclusão de veia central da retina (OVCR), em tratamento com injeções intravítreas de triamcinolona (IVTA) ou bevacizumab (IVB). Métodos: Neste estudo prospectivo, randomizado, duplo mascarado e sham controlado, 35 pacientes com edema macular secundário a OVCR foram randomizados para IVB, IVTA ou para o grupo controle (sham), durante os 6 primeiros meses do estudo. O desfecho primário foi a taxa de incidência de NSA no mês 6. Os desfechos secundários foram alterações médias da acuidade visual corrigida (BCVA) e espessura foveal central (EFC) ao exame de tomografia de coerência óptica, até o mês 12. Resultados: NSA ocorreu em oito (22,86%) olhos, cinco (62,50%) olhos no grupo sham e três (37,50%) olhos no grupo tratado com injeções intravítreas de Triamcinolona, Não houve nenhum caso com NSA no grupo tratado com bevacizumab durante 12 meses de acompanhamento (p=0,009). A BCVA apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante (p<0,05) entre os grupos, somente no mês 1. A EFC não apresentou diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p<0,05) entre os grupos ao longo dos 12 meses. GNV ocorreu em um olho apesar do tratamento com laser e este paciente necessitou de intervenção cirúrgica. Conclusão: O tratamento precoce com injeções intravítreas de Anti VEGF podem diminuir as taxas de neovascularização do segmento anterior e glaucoma neovascular após oclusão de veia central da retina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Bevacizumab/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Neovascularization, Pathologic/epidemiology , Retinal Artery Occlusion/complications , Visual Acuity , Glaucoma, Neovascular/drug therapy , Macular Edema/etiology , Double-Blind Method , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/adverse effects , Intravitreal Injections , Bevacizumab/adverse effects , Fovea Centralis/physiopathology , Anterior Eye Segment/blood supply , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Neovascularization, Pathologic/etiology
7.
Lima; s.n; ago. 2016.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-848616

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Antecedentes: El Instituto de Evaluación de Tecnologías en Salud e Investigación ha recibido la solicitud de evaluar el uso de triamcinolona inyectable para su uso en pacientes con cicatrices post quemadura dentro del sistema de EsSalud, indicación actualmente no contemplada en el petitorio de medicamentos. Aspectos Generales: Los queloides y las cicatrices hipertróficas representan una respuesta exagerada del tejido hacia un daño dérmico y caracterizado por proliferación local de fibroblastos con sobreproducción de colágeno. En el caso de queloides el crecimiento del tejido fibroso se extiende más allá del área original de la lesión, comprometiendo también a la piel normal adyacente. En cambio, las cicatrices hipertróficas pueden tener una apariencia clínica similar, pero en contraste a los queloides, permancen confinados a los limites del área de la herida y tienden a regresionar espontáneamente. Ambos tipos de lesiones cicatricilaes pueden causar afectación de la funcionalidad y deformidad cosmética y están frecuentemente asociados con disminución de la calidad de vida de los pacientes afectados. Tecnología Sanitaria de Interés: Acetónido de triamcinolona es un glucocorticoide con marcada acción antiinflamatoria. La presentación en suspensión estéril para inyectable se usa para la administración intra-articular. Cada ml de la solución acuosa provee 10 mg de acetónido de triamcinolona. Contienen a benzil alcohol como preservante. La administración intralesional de la inyección de acetónido de triamcinolona está indicada para la alopecia areata, lupus eritematoso discoide, queloides y placas de psoriasis. METODOLOGÍA: Estratégia de Búsqueda: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura con respecto a la eficacia y seguridad de triamcinoloma intralesional para el tratamiento de las cicatrices hipertróficas y queloides en las bases de datos de MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, DARE y TRIPDATASE. Adicionalmente, se hizo una búsqueda dentro de la información generada por las principales agencias de tecnologías sanitarias que realizan revisiones sistemáticas (RS), evaluación de tecnologías sanitarias (ETS) y guías de práctica clínica (GPC). RESULTADOS: Sinopsis de la Evidencia: Se realizó la búsqueda bibliográfica y de evidencia científica que sustente el uso de acetónido de triamcinolona intralesional en el tratamiento de las cicatrices hipertróficas o queloides según la pregunta PICO establecida. Para el presente documento se seleccionó el siguiente cuerpo de evidencia: Guías Clínicas: Se identificó una única guía consensuada de recomendaciones en el manejo de las cicatrices. No se identifcó evidencias sobre el uso de acetónido de triamcinolona intralesional en el tratamiento de las cicatrices hipertróficas o queloides para Evaluaciones de tecnologías sanitaria, Revisiones sistemáticas y Ensayos clínicos. Revisiones narraticas: Se indentificaron tres revisiones que incluyeron la descripción de estudios de series de casos y un estudo prospectivo del uso de triamcinolona. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos de las mejoras del volumen de las cicatrices hipertróficas y queloides proviene de estudios de baja calidad. Se trataron principalmente de reportes de casos con dismiles dosis y regimenes de adminstración de triamcinolona y con mediciones poco claras, insuficientes e consistentes de desenlaces de respuesta al tratamiento. Actualmente, el tratamiento de las cicatrices presenta varios retos derivados de la complejidad de los mecanismos patofisiológicos, la dificuldad para cuantificar los cambios de la cicatriz y estudios de baja calidad metodológica. Como resultado, el manejo ha diso dirigido por la experiencia del clínico. El uso de corticoesteroides intralesionales como la triamcinolona, está recomendado generalmente como segunda línea de tratamiento después del uso de estrategias dirigidas a contener o prevenir el desarrollo de cicatrices.La población objetivo de esta evaluación sufren de cicatrices que tienen un impacto importante a nivel funcional y sociológico, por lo que requieren que se los ofrezca opciones con potencial benefício como los corticoesteroides intralesionales. El tratamiento con triamcinolona no supone una complejidade importante en su aplicación y de bajo costo. Además, los efectos adversos observados con su uso son generalmente locales y de baja gravedad. El Instituto de Evaluación de Tecnologías Sanitarias-IETSI, aprueba por el período de 2 años a partir de la fecha de publicación del presente dictamen preliminar, el uso de triamcinolona acetónido intralesional para el tratamiento de pacientes con cicatrices hipertróficas o queloides post quemadura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/drug therapy , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Keloid , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116152

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of posterior subtenon triamcinolone acetonide injection on refractory diabetic macular edema (DME) after intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection failure. METHODS: Patients with DME and central subfield thickness (CST) >300 microm who did not respond to IVB injections were retrospectively included. Specifically, we enrolled patients who were diagnosed with refractory DME and who experienced an increase in CST after 1 to 2 IVB injections or no decrease after > or =3 consecutive IVB injections. One clinician injected 20 mg of triamcinolone acetonide into the posterior subtenon space. All patients received ophthalmic examinations at baseline and at 2, 4, and 6 months post-baseline. Examinations included Snellen visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: Forty eyes of 34 patients were included. The average baseline CST was 476 microm. The average CST decreased to 368 microm at 2 months, 374 microm at 4 months, and 427 microm at 6 months (p < 0.001 for all results, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). The average intraocular pressure increased from 15.50 to 16.92 mmHg at 2 months but decreased to 16.30 mmHg at 4 months and 15.65 mmHg at 6 months. Logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity improved from 0.56 to 0.50 at 2 months (p = 0.023), 0.50 at 4 months (p = 0.083), and 0.48 at 6 months (p = 0.133, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). No complications were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Posterior subtenon triamcinolone acetonide is an effective and safe treatment for reducing CST in DME refractory to IVB.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Female , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Humans , Injections, Intraocular , Intraocular Pressure/physiology , Intravitreal Injections , Macular Edema/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tenon Capsule/drug effects , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Failure , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Visual Acuity/physiology
9.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 55(3): 216-222, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-752081

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Identificar fatores preditivos de resposta à infiltração intra-articular (IIA) com triancinolona hexacetonida (TH). Métodos: Este estudo foi realizado em pacientes de artrite reumatóide (AR) (segundo critérios do American College of Rheumatology) submetidos à IIA (infiltração mono, pauci ou poliarticular). Avaliação: Um observador “cego” avaliou prospectivamente as articulações uma semana (T1), quatro semanas (T4), 12 semanas (T12) e 24 semanas (T24) após IIA. As medidas de desfecho foram Escala Visual Analógica (0-10 cm) em repouso, em movimento e para articulações edemaciadas. As variáveis clínicas e demográficas e aquelas relacionadas à infiltração no início do estudo foram analisadas de acordo com a resposta à IIA. Resultados: Foram estudados 289 pacientes com AR (635 articulações) com média de idade de 48,7 (± 10,68) anos; 48,5% eram caucasianos, EVA para dor global = 6,52 (± 1,73). Na análise univariada, as variáveis relativas às melhores respostas em seguida à IIA (melhora >70%) foram: “IIA no cotovelo e metacarpofalangeanas (MCF)” e “classe funcional II”. Na análise multivariada, “homens” e “não brancos” foram os preditores com melhor resposta à IIA na T4, enquanto “IIA no cotovelo e MCF”, “infiltração poliarticular”, “uso de metotrexato” e “dose total maior de TH” obtiveram a melhor resposta na T24. Conclusão: Foram identificados diversos fatores preditivos de boa resposta à IIA em pacientes com AR. Os preditores de melhor resposta para IIA de TH em longo prazo foram “aplicar IIA no cotovelo e MCF” e “aplicar infiltração poliarticular”. .


Objectives: Identify good response predictors to intra-articular injection (IAI) with triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH). Methods: This study was carried out in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients (American College of Rheumatology criteria) submitted to IAI (mono, pauci or polyarticular injection). Assessment: a “blinded” observer prospectively evaluated joints at one week (T1), four weeks (T4), twelve weeks (T12) and 24 weeks (T24) after IAI. Outcome measurements included Visual Analogue Scale (0-10 cm) at rest, in movement and for swollen joints. Clinical, demographic and variables related to injection at baseline were analyzed according to IAI response. Results: We studied 289 patients with RA (635 joints) with a mean age of 48.7 years (±10.68), 48.5% of them Caucasians, VAS for global pain = 6.52 (±1.73). Under univariate analysis, the variables relating the best responses following IAI (improvement > 70%) were: “elbow and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) IAI, and functional class II”. Under multivariate analysis, “males” and “non-whites” were the predictors with the best response to IAI at T4, while “elbow and MCP IAI”, “polyarticular injection”, “use of methotrexate” and “higher total dose of TH” obtained the best response at T24. Conclusion: Several predictors of good response to IAI in patients with RA were identified. The best-response predictors for TH IAI of long term were “inject elbow and MCP IAI” and “perform polyarticular injection”. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Triamcinolone Acetonide/analogs & derivatives , Injections, Intra-Articular , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143115

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the long-term efficacy and safety of intravitreal triamcinolon with or without rescue laser therapy (intravitreal triamcinolone injection [IVTA] group), bevacizumab with or without rescue laser treatment (intravitreal bevacizumab injection [IVB] group), or a combination of both with or without rescue laser therapy (IVTA + IVB group), with standard care for patients with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 151 patients treated with intravitreal injection with or without rescue laser for treatment of macular edema caused by BRVO, and who were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. During the observation period, rescue grid laser or repeated intravitreal injection with initial drug was performed if recurrence of macular edema was confirmed. Visual acuity, change in visual acuity, and intraocular pressure were compared in each phase. RESULTS: Totals of 16%, 5.6%, and 0% of participants in the three groups showed significant visual loss of more than three lines of the Snellen chart at last follow-up. The IVTA group was the least effective treatment modality, with statistical significance. The development rates of elevated intraocular pressure were similar among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although IVTA yielded effects similar to those of standard grid photocoagulation based on the Standard Care vs Corticosteroid for Retinal Vein Occlusion study, IVB or IVTA + IVB with or without rescue laser treatment resulted in improvement in visual acuity at 24 months after the start of treatment and was associated with few serious adverse side effects. Thus, these approaches could be useful for treating macular edema arising secondary to BRVO.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Laser Therapy/methods , Macular Edema/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retinal Vein Occlusion/complications , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Visual Acuity
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143110

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the long-term efficacy and safety of intravitreal triamcinolon with or without rescue laser therapy (intravitreal triamcinolone injection [IVTA] group), bevacizumab with or without rescue laser treatment (intravitreal bevacizumab injection [IVB] group), or a combination of both with or without rescue laser therapy (IVTA + IVB group), with standard care for patients with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 151 patients treated with intravitreal injection with or without rescue laser for treatment of macular edema caused by BRVO, and who were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. During the observation period, rescue grid laser or repeated intravitreal injection with initial drug was performed if recurrence of macular edema was confirmed. Visual acuity, change in visual acuity, and intraocular pressure were compared in each phase. RESULTS: Totals of 16%, 5.6%, and 0% of participants in the three groups showed significant visual loss of more than three lines of the Snellen chart at last follow-up. The IVTA group was the least effective treatment modality, with statistical significance. The development rates of elevated intraocular pressure were similar among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although IVTA yielded effects similar to those of standard grid photocoagulation based on the Standard Care vs Corticosteroid for Retinal Vein Occlusion study, IVB or IVTA + IVB with or without rescue laser treatment resulted in improvement in visual acuity at 24 months after the start of treatment and was associated with few serious adverse side effects. Thus, these approaches could be useful for treating macular edema arising secondary to BRVO.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Laser Therapy/methods , Macular Edema/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retinal Vein Occlusion/complications , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Visual Acuity
13.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 53(6): 476-482, nov.-dez. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-699277

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Comparar a curto prazo (04 semanas) a efetividade das infiltrações intra-articulares (IIA) guiadas por fluoroscopia (FC) e ultrassom (US) em pacientes com enfermidades reumáticas. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo controlado e prospectivo em pacientes portadores de doenças reumáticas captados dos ambulatórios da Disciplina de Reumatologia da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brasil. Critério de inclusão: adultos com indicação de IIA com corticosteróide por sinovite refratária. Todos os pacientes forma infiltrados com hexacetonide triancinolona (20 mg/mL) com doses variáveis, de acordo com a articulação estudada. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 71 pacientes (52 mulheres; 44 brancos), portadores de enfermidades reumáticas variadas. A média de idade era 51,9 ± 13 anos e 47 deles (66,2%) faziam uso de drogas modificadora do curso da doença (DMARD). Na análise global da amostra (71 pacientes) e na subanálise coxofemoral (23 pacientes), observou-se melhora estatística (p < 0,001) em ambos os grupos quanto à EVA de dor. Na análise global observou-se aumento significativo da flexão articular (p < 0,001) e um Δ de flexão maior a favor do grupo guiado por FC. A avaliação de melhora segundo Likert Scale mostrou diferença significativa (p < 0,05) entre os grupos na avaliação global, nas proporções inalterado e melhor, a favor do grupo guiado por US. Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para qualquer outra variável. CONCLUSÃO: A IIA guiada por imagem melhorou a dor regional, a curto prazo, relacionada à sinovite de vários tipos de articulações. Para a grande maioria das variáveis avaliadas não houve diferença entre a efetividade da IIA guiada por US ou FC.


OBJECTIVE: Compare the effectiveness of ultrasound and fluoroscopy to guide intra-articular injections (IAI) in selected cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study in our outpatient clinics at the Rheumatology Division at Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brazil, was conducted to compare the short-term (4 weeks) effectiveness of ultrasound and fluoroscopy-guided IAI in patients with rheumatic diseases. Inclusion criteria were: adults with refractory synovitis undergoing IAI with glucocorticoid. All patients had IAI performed with triamcinolone hexacetonide (20mg/ml) with varying doses according to the joint injected. RESULTS: A total of 71 rheumatic patients were evaluated (52 women, 44 whites). Mean age was 51.9 ± 13 years and 47 of them (66.2%) were on regular DMARD use. Analysis of the whole sample (71 patients) and hip sub-analysis (23 patients) showed that significant improvement was observed for both groups in terms of pain (P < 0.001). Global analysis also demonstrated better outcomes for patients in the FCG in terms of joint flexion (P < 0.001) and percentage change in joint flexion as compared to the USG. Likert scale score analyses demonstrated better results for the patients in the USG as compared to the FCG at the end of the study (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference between groups was observed for any other study variable. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Imaging-guided IAI improves regional pain in patients with various types of synovitis in the short term. For the vast majority of variables, no significant difference in terms of effectiveness was observed between fluoroscopy and ultrasoundguided IAI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Fluoroscopy , Synovitis/drug therapy , Triamcinolone Acetonide/analogs & derivatives , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Injections, Intra-Articular/methods , Prospective Studies , Single-Blind Method , Synovitis , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(4): 420-427, July-Aug/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689823

ABSTRACT

Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign jaw lesion predominantly found in the mandible of young female patients with a variable clinical behavior. Although surgical management is regarded as the main treatment modality for this lesion, the use of intralesional injections of steroids has been recently advocated for its treatment. In addition to this conservative management, the use of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) for diagnosing CGCGs has been proven a safe and efficient approach, especially useful in cases with lesions located in esthetic regions. Herein, it is described a case of CGCG extending to the overlying gingiva of a 15-year-old male patient diagnosed by FNAC and subsequently treated with intralesional injections of a solution of triamcinolone acetonide and ethanolamine oleate that led to an important clinical remission, allowing a more conservative surgical procedure for preservation of gingival esthetics. Therefore, both procedures can be considered as management options for CGCG of the jaws.


O granuloma central de células gigantes (GCCG) é uma lesão benigna dos maxilares predominantemente encontrada na mandíbula de pacientes jovens do sexo feminino com um variado comportamento clínico. Apesar de o manejo cirúrgico representar a principal modalidade terapêutica para esta lesão, o uso de injeções intralesionais de esteróides tem sido recentemente proposto para seu tratamento. Além do manejo conservador, o uso da punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF) para o diagnóstico do GCCG tem sido comprovado ser uma abordagem segura e eficiente, especialmente útil em casos de lesões localizadas em regiões estéticas. Descrevemos aqui um caso de GCCG estendendo-se para a gengiva adjacente em um paciente do sexo masculino, 15 anos de idade, diagnosticado por meio da PAAF e subsequentemente tratado com injeções intralesionais de uma solução de acetato de triancinolona e oleato de etanolamina que levou a uma importante remissão clínica, permitindo a realização de uma abordagem cirúrgica conservadora preservando a estética periodontal. Por este motivo, ambos os procedimentos podem ser considerados opções de manejo para o GCCG dos maxilares.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Gingival Neoplasms/drug therapy , Gingival Neoplasms/pathology , Granuloma, Giant Cell/drug therapy , Granuloma, Giant Cell/pathology , Oleic Acids/administration & dosage , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Injections, Intralesional
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(3): 387-394, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676233

ABSTRACT

While treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars normally shows modest results, we found that treatment with bleomycin was more promising. The present study was divided into two parts. In the first part the aim was to show the results using a combination of bleomycin and triamcinolone acetonide per cm2 (BTA). In the second part the objective was to determine the response to both drugs in large keloids that were divided into 1 cm2 squares, treating each square with the dose previously used. In the first part of the study, the clinical response of 37 keloids ranging from 0.3 to 1.8 cm2 treated with BTA were followed up over a period of 1- 2 years. 0.375 IU bleomycin and 4 mg triamcinolone acetonide were injected every 3 months. In the second part of the study we reviewed the clinical response in six patients with large keloids. The monthly dose administered never exceeded 3 IU of bleomycin. The first study showed 36 keloids (97.29%) softening after the first dose. In the second study, 5 showed different responses (the response was complete in the four smaller keloids). The largest keloid needed 9 doses to achieve an improvement of 70%. In conclusion, combined treatment with 0.375 IU of bleomycin and 4mg of triamcinolone acetonide to 1 cm2 was considered to be an acceptable procedure for the treatment of keloids. The best results were obtained in keloids over 1 cm2 or when divided into 1 cm2 square areas. Larger series need to be performed in order to confirm these results..


Enquanto normalmente o tratamento de queloides e cicatrizes hipertróficas mostra resultados moderados, o tratamento com bleomicina revelou resultados mais promissores. Este estudo foi dividido em duas partes. Na primeira parte, o objetivo foi mostrar os resultados da utilização de uma combinação de bleomicina e acetonido de triancinolona por cm2 (BAT). Na segunda parte, o objetivo foi determinar a resposta aos dois medicamentos em queloides grandes, que foram divididos em quadrados de 1 cm2, tratando cada quadrado com a dose utilizada anteriormente. Na primeira parte do estudo, a resposta clínica de 37 queloides de 0,3 to 1,8 cm2 tratados com BAT foi monitorada por um período de 1 a 2 anos. Injeções de 0,375 UI de bleomicina e 4 mg de acetonido de triancinolona foram aplicadas a cada 3 meses. Na segunda parte do estudo, revisamos a resposta clínica em 6 pacientes com queloides grandes. A dose mensal administrada nunca excedeu 3 UI de bleomicina. O primeiro estudo mostrou que 36 queloides (97,29%) amoleceram após a primeira dose. No segundo estudo, 5 mostraram diferentes respostas (a resposta foi completa nos quatro queloides menores). O queloide maior necessitou de 9 doses para apresentar melhora de 70%. Concluindo, o tratamento combinado com 0,375 UI de bleomicina e 4 mg de acetonido de triancinolona por cm2foi considerado um procedimento aceitável para o tratamento de queloides. Os melhores resultados foram obtidos em queloides com mais de 1 cm2 ou divididos em áreas de 1cm2. Estudos mais amplos deveriam ser realizados, para confirmar esses resultados.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Bleomycin/administration & dosage , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/drug therapy , Keloid/drug therapy , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Drug Therapy, Combination , Follow-Up Studies , Injections, Intralesional , Keloid/pathology , Photography , Skin Pigmentation , Treatment Outcome
16.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2013 May-Jun; 79(3): 408-417
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147476

ABSTRACT

Background: Intralesional corticosteroids are the treatment of choice for adults with less than 50% of scalp area involvement with alopecia areata. The sensitivity of picking up clinical response to treatment by clinical examination is very variable and has inter individual variation. Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of intralesional triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of alopecia areata and to use dermoscopy to identify signs of early clinical response and adverse effects. Methods: Seventy patches in 60 patients were injected with steroid at 4 weeks interval and followed up for 24 weeks. Treatment response was evaluated using regrowth scale (RGS). Heine DELTA 20; dermatoscope was used to assess disease activity, response to treatment and side effects. Results: Twenty eight patients responded early and achieved RGS of 4 within 12 weeks and 29 patients responded late and achieved RGS of 4 within 24 weeks of initiating therapy. There were 3 patients who did not achieve RGS of 4 at 24 weeks. Late and incomplete responders showed statistically significant association with family history of alopecia areata (p < 0.0001), presence of recurrent disease (p = 0.0147) and presence of nail changes (p = 0.0007). Dermoscopically, 60 patches demonstrated regrowth of new vellus hair at 4 weeks. Tapering hair disappeared maximally at 4 weeks. At 12 weeks, complete disappearance was seen in tapering hairs, broken hairs and black dots whereas for yellow dots to disappear completely in all patches it took 16 weeks. The adverse effects were observed at an earlier stage using dermoscopy than clinically. Conclusion: Intralesional triamcinolone acetonide is efficacious for treatment of localized patchy alopecia areata. Dermoscopy is very useful to identify signs of early clinical response, adverse effects and markers of disease activity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Alopecia Areata/drug therapy , Alopecia Areata/pathology , Dermoscopy , Drug Monitoring/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Hair/drug effects , Hair/pathology , Humans , Injections, Intralesional , Male , Scalp/drug effects , Scalp/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Triamcinolone Acetonide/adverse effects , Young Adult
17.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2013 Jan-Feb; 61(1): 3-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145335

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) on retinal sensitivity in cases of macular edema(ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Materials and Methods: Total of 14 eyes of 14 cases of BRVO were included in this prospective study. In each eye, at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after IVTA injection, logMAR visual acuity, central 4° retinal sensitivity by MP-1 microperimetry, and optical coherence tomography foveal thickness were assessed. Results: Cases ages ranged from 60 to 79 years (mean 68 ± 8 years). At 1, 3, and 6 months, the logMAR visual acuity had increased from 0.71 ± 0.21 to 0.42 ± 0.21, 0.46 ± 0.30, and 0.46 ± 0.27; the mean foveal thickness had decreased from 540 ± 88 μm to 254 ± 51 μm, 288 ± 84 μm, and 280 ± 91 μm; and the mean retinal sensitivity had increased from 4.7 ± 2.5 dB to 7.9 ± 2.7 dB, 8.2 ± 3.6 dB, and 8.3 ± 4.6 dB, respectively. Conclusion: In eyes with ME secondary to BRVO, IVTA injections result in a significant increase in not only the visual acuity but also the central 4° retinal sensitivity in 6 months follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Intravitreal Injections/methods , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Macular Edema/etiology , Male , Retinal Vein Occlusion/complications , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Triamcinolone Acetonide/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity/drug effects , Visual Field Tests/methods
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213093

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of adjunctive subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) in gas-filled eyes after vitrectomy for complicated proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: This nonrandomized comparative study included 27 patients (27 eyes) who underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade for treatment of PDR with tractional or combined tractional-rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and who received subtenon injection of TA (40 mg) at the end of surgery. The study group was compared with the control group (29 eyes), which was matched with the study group for preoperative and intraoperative parameters, but underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade without a subtenon injection of TA. RESULTS: Retinal reattachments without reoperation were achieved in 25 eyes (92.6%) and 26 eyes (89.7%) at 6 months (p = 1.000) in the study and control groups, respectively. The study group and the control group did not differ significantly in the frequency of postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy, retinal redetachment rate, reoperation rate, macular pucker formation, postoperative vitreous hemorrhage, gain in visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and intraocular inflammation (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical results of pars plana vitrectomy for complicated PDR are not improved significantly by an adjunctive subtenon TA injection in gas-filled eyes.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Retinopathy/complications , Female , Gases , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Humans , Injections , Male , Middle Aged , Tenon Capsule , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy/methods , Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative/etiology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150556

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of vitrectomy combined with intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) and macular laser photocoagulation for the treatment of nontractional diabetic macular edema (DME) refractory to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. METHODS: Twenty-eight eyes from 28 subjects who were diagnosed with nontractional DME refractory to three or more sequential anti-VEGF injections underwent sequential vitrectomy, IVTA, and macular laser photocoagulation. Changes in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central subfield thickness (CST) during the six months following vitrectomy were evaluated. Additionally, the CST and BCVA outcomes were compared with those of 26 eyes treated with the same triple therapy for nontractional DME refractory to conventional treatment, such as IVTA or macular laser photocoagulation, or both. RESULTS: The mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution BCVAs before and one, three, and six months after vitrectomy were 0.44 +/- 0.15, 0.36 +/- 0.18, 0.31 +/- 0.14, and 0.34 +/- 0.22, respectively. The mean CSTs were 433.3 +/- 77.9, 329.9 +/- 59.4, 307.2 +/- 60.2, and 310.1 +/- 80.1 microns, respectively. The values of both BCVA and CST at one, three, and six months were significantly improved from baseline (p < 0.05). The extent of CST reduction during the first month after triple therapy was greater in eyes refractory to conventional treatment than in eyes refractory to anti-VEGF (p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Vitrectomy combined with IVTA and macular laser photocoagulation had a beneficial effect on both anatomical and functional outcomes in eyes with nontractional DME refractory to anti-VEGF therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Intravitreal Injections , Light Coagulation/methods , Macula Lutea/drug effects , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Vitrectomy/methods
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86245

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess and validate the Korean version of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (K-BCTQ) in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). After translation and cultural adaptation of the BCTQ to a Korean version, the K-BCTQ was administered to 54 patients with CTS; it was administered again after 2 weeks to assess reliability. Additionally, we administered K-DASH and EQ-5D to assess construct-validity. In a prospective study of responsiveness to clinical change, 29 of 54 patients were treated by ultrasonography-guided local corticosteroid injection therapy. The internal consistency of the K-BCTQ was high (Cronbach's alpha: 0.915) and the intra-class correlation coefficients were 0.931 for the symptom severity scale (P<0.001) and 0.844 for the functional severity scale (P<0.001). The construct-validity between the symptom severity scale and the K-DASH, and between the functional severity scale and the K-DASH were significantly correlated (both P<0.001). Clinical improvement was noted in 29 patients with injection therapy. The effect size of symptom severity was 0.67, and that of functional severity was 0.58. In conclusion, the K-BCTQ shows good reliability, construct-validity, and acceptable responsiveness after local corticosteroid injection therapy (Clinical trial number, KCT0000050).


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/drug therapy , Disability Evaluation , Humans , Injections , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Republic of Korea , Severity of Illness Index , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Ultrasonography
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