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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of 3, 29-Dibenzoyl Karounitriol (3, 29-DK) from sustained- release pellets and extracts of Trichosanthes at different time points in rats using high-performance liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).@*METHODS@#Healthy male SD rats were given a single gavage of Trichosanthes sustained-release pellets or Trichosanthes extract, and orbital blood samples were taken at different time points within 48 h after drug administration in the pellet group and within 5 h in Trichosanthes extract group for determination of the plasma concentrations of 3, 29-DK using LC-MS/MS. The standard curve of 3, 29-DK content was established, and the specificity, minimum detection limit, precision and accuracy, extraction recovery, stability and matrix effect of LC-MS/MS analysis were assessed. The mean plasms levels of 3, 29-DK at different time points after the drug administration were determined and its pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using Das 2.0 software.@*RESULTS@#LC-MS/MS analysis showed a good linearity of 3, 29-DK concentration within the range of 0.5-32 ng/mL, and the results of methodological validation confirmed the validity of this method for biological sample determination. Trichosanthes sustained-release pellets and Trichosanthes extract showed significant differences in their AUC, AUC, MRT, MRT, t and T of 3, 29-DK after administration in rats ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Trichosanthes sustained-release pellets are capable of sustained-release of 3, 29-DK in rats, and thus provides a basis for the study of new dosage forms of Trichosanthes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Area Under Curve , Benzoates , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, Liquid , Delayed-Action Preparations , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of 3, 29-Dibenzoyl Karounitriol (3, 29-DK) from sustained- release pellets and extracts of Trichosanthes at different time points in rats using high-performance liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).@*METHODS@#Healthy male SD rats were given a single gavage of Trichosanthes sustained-release pellets or Trichosanthes extract, and orbital blood samples were taken at different time points within 48 h after drug administration in the pellet group and within 5 h in Trichosanthes extract group for determination of the plasma concentrations of 3, 29-DK using LC-MS/MS. The standard curve of 3, 29-DK content was established, and the specificity, minimum detection limit, precision and accuracy, extraction recovery, stability and matrix effect of LC-MS/MS analysis were assessed. The mean plasms levels of 3, 29-DK at different time points after the drug administration were determined and its pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using Das 2.0 software.@*RESULTS@#LC-MS/MS analysis showed a good linearity of 3, 29-DK concentration within the range of 0.5-32 ng/mL, and the results of methodological validation confirmed the validity of this method for biological sample determination. Trichosanthes sustained-release pellets and Trichosanthes extract showed significant differences in their AUC, AUC, MRT, MRT, t and T of 3, 29-DK after administration in rats ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Trichosanthes sustained-release pellets are capable of sustained-release of 3, 29-DK in rats, and thus provides a basis for the study of new dosage forms of Trichosanthes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Delayed-Action Preparations , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Trichosanthes
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774509

ABSTRACT

To explore the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombotic mechanisms of Trichosanthis Fructus combined with aspirin based on network pharmacology and the validation of arteriovenous by pass model in rats. The databases of Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP),Drug Repositioning and Adverse Drug Reaction Chemical-Protein Interactome(DRAR-CPI),Universal Protein Resource(Uniprot) and the Database for Annotation,Visualization,and Integrated Discovery(DAVID) were used to predict protein targets and analyze biological pathway and signal pathway in the combination of Trichosanthis Fructus with aspirin. The effects of pretreatment with Trichosanthis Fructus pellets,aspirin pellets and their combination on thromboxane B2(TXB2),6-keto prostaglandin F1α(6-keto-PGF1α) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate(c AMP) in rat thrombotic model were studied. Through the study of network pharmacology,12 components of aspirin and Trichosanthis Fructus,including hydroxygenkwanin,quercetin and adenosine,were found to show the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombosis mechanisms through9 common protein targets,such as SRC,RAC1,MAPK14,MAPK1,AKT1,and 14 common signaling pathways,such as VEGF signaling pathway. After the intervention with Trichosanthis Fructus pellets combined with aspirin pellets,the vascular endothslia growth factor(VEGF) signaling pathway can be activated to inhibit platelet aggregation and improve vascular endothelial function,and show the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombosis mechanisms,which verify the results of the network pharmacology,and explain the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombotic mechanisms of the combination of Trichosanthis Fructus pellets with aspirin pellets.


Subject(s)
6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha , Metabolism , Animals , Aspirin , Pharmacology , Cyclic AMP , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fruit , Chemistry , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Rats , Signal Transduction , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy , Thromboxane B2 , Metabolism , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 232-239, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889220

ABSTRACT

Abstract Biofertilizer Ning shield was composed of different strains of plant growth promotion bacteria. In this study, the plant growth promotion and root-knot nematode disease control potential on Trichosanthes kirilowii in the field were evaluated. The application of Ning shield significantly reduced the diseases severity caused by Meloidogyne incognita, the biocontrol efficacy could reached up to 51.08%. Ning shield could also promote the growth of T. kirilowii in the field by increasing seedling emergence, height and the root weight. The results showed that the Ning shield could enhance the production yield up to 36.26%. Ning shield could also promote the plant growth by increasing the contents of available nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter, and increasing the contents of leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid pigment. Moreover, Ning shield could efficiently enhance the medicinal compositions of Trichosanthes, referring to the polysaccharides and trichosanthin. Therefore, Ning shield is a promising biofertilizer, which can offer beneficial effects to T. kirilowii growers, including the plant growth promotion, the biological control of root-knot disease and enhancement of the yield and the medicinal quality.


Subject(s)
Animals , Plant Diseases/therapy , Tylenchoidea/growth & development , Plant Roots/parasitology , Trichosanthes/growth & development , Trichosanthes/parasitology , Agriculture/methods , Fertilizers , Plant Growth Regulators/analysis , Trichosanthes/chemistry , Plant Development
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320808

ABSTRACT

Smoke water and distillation liquid were used to treat the seeds of Trichosathes kirilowii and to study the effects of smoke water and distillation liquid on the seed germination and seedling growth of T. kirilowii. The results showed that germination rate, germination index and germination vigor of T. kirilowii all were significantly improved with the treatment of SW and DL treatment. The activity of α-amylase were significantly increased with the treatment of SW and DL at 1:2,000. SW and DL treatment showed no significant effects on the activity of SOD. The activity of POD were markedly enhanced under the treatment of SW (1:000) and DL (1:2,000). CAT activity were increased with the treatment of SW and DL at 1:2,000 while were inhibited by SW and DL at 1:500. Seedling height and root length were increased with the treatment of SW and DL (1:1,000, 1:2,000). SW and DL treaments improved the content of chlorophyll, and moreover with the concentration of SW and DL, the stimulatory were also increased. This work demonstrated that smoke water and diatillation liquid at 1:2,000 could stimulate the seed germination and seedling growth of T. kirilowii, and it provided the references for the study of seed germination technology.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Distillation , Germination , Seedlings , Metabolism , Seeds , Metabolism , Smoke , Trichosanthes , Metabolism , Water , Chemistry , Metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300229

ABSTRACT

Trichosanthes kirilowii has been widely cultivated as its medicinal use, health care and food value. Drought resistance of seedlings is an important feature in breeding. Seeds of two T. kirilowii strains were used to research the difference of surface ultrastructure characteristic and drought resistance. Scanning electron microscope was used to identify the surface ultrastructure characteristic of seeds and PEG was used to simulate drought stress. The seeds germination rate, MDA content, chlorophyll content and the antioxidant enzymes activity were measured under the drought stress. The results showed that the seed surface colour of KXY-001 was lighter than that of KXY-005. The testa cobwebbing of KXY-001 was more intensive than that of KXY-005. The germination rate of KXY-001 was higher than that of KXY-005 under drought stress. The MDA content was increased and the chlorophyll content was decreased with the increasing of drought degree. The SOD activity of KXY-001 was higher than that of KXY-005, while the activity of POD and CAT was also increased firstly and decreased later. Surface reticulate of seeds and hilar traits can be used as identification points to identify the investigated strains. SOD and POD are activated to resist drought in T. kirilowii seedlings and the drought resistance of KXY-001 is superior than that of KXY-005.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Physiological , Catalase , Metabolism , Chlorophyll , Metabolism , Droughts , Germination , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Peroxidase , Metabolism , Polyethylene Glycols , Pharmacology , Seedlings , Metabolism , Seeds , Metabolism , Species Specificity , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Trichosanthes , Classification , Metabolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812678

ABSTRACT

AIM@#Trichosanthes dioica Roxb. (Cucurbitaceae), commonly known as pointed gourd in English, is a dioecious climber grown widely in the Indian subcontinent. Traditionally, this plant has been used in India for several medicinal purposes. The present study aimed to evaluate certain neuropharmacological properties of the hydroalcoholic extract of T. dioica root (TDA) in experimental animal models.@*METHODS@#TDA (at 100 and 200 mg·kg(-1) body weight, p.o.) was evaluated for anti-nociceptive activity by the acetic acid-induced writhing and tail flick methods. Locomotor depressant activity was measured by means of an actophotometer. Skeletal muscle relaxant effects were evaluated by using a rota-rod apparatus, and the sedative potentiating property by a phenobarbitone-induced sleep potentiation study.@*RESULTS@#The results of the present study revealed significant (P < 0.001) and dose dependent anti-nociceptive, locomotor depressant, muscle relaxant, and sedative potentiating effects of TDA, demonstrating its depressant action on the central nervous system (CNS).@*CONCLUSION@#From the present study, it can be concluded that T. dioica root possessed prominent anti-nociceptive, as well as depressant, action on the CNS, as manifested by these important neuropharmacological properties in mice.


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Animals , Central Nervous System Diseases , Drug Therapy , Humans , India , Male , Mice , Muscle Relaxants, Central , Muscle Relaxation , Neuropharmacology , Plant Extracts , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 922-925, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276222

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim., chromatographic methods such as D101 macroporous resin, silica gel column chromatographic technology, Sephadex LH-20, octadecylsilyl (ODS) column chromatographic technique and preparative HPLC were used and nine compounds were isolated from a 95% (v/v) ethanol extract of the plant. By using spectroscopic techniques including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1H-1H COSY, HSQC and HMBC, these compounds were identified as 5-ethoxymethyl-1-carboxyl propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde (1), 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (2), chrysoeriol (3), 4'-hydroxyscutellarin (4), vanillic acid (5), alpha-spinasterol (6), beta-D-glucopyranosyl-a-spinasterol (7), stigmast-7-en-3beta-ol (8), and adenosine (9), separately. Among them, compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 3, 4 and 5 are isolated from the genus Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. for the first time.


Subject(s)
Apigenin , Chemistry , Flavones , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Glucuronates , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pyrroles , Chemistry , Trichosanthes , Chemistry , Vanillic Acid , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266975

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare and analyze volatile constituents from flowers of Trichosanthes kirilowii, in order to point out characteristic differences between female and male flowers.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Blooming female and male flowers were collected in the same place. Volatile constituents were extracted from the flower by solid phase micro-extraction (SPME), then separated and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass-spectrometry (GC-MS).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Fifty-two and forty-five chromatographic peaks were separated from the female and male flowers, respectively. Forty seven constituents were identified and their relative percentage compositions were determined with the peak area normalization method. Linalool, alpha-farnesene, benzene methanol, and (Z)-2-methylbutanal oxime were the main volatile constituents. The contents of linalool and alpha-farnesene in female flower were remarkably higher than those in male. In contrast, the content of benzene methanol in male flower was remarkably higher than that in female.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the first study on chemical constituents from flowers in genus Trichosanthes, 37 compounds are separated from T. kirilowii. Contents of linalool, alpha-farnesene and benzene methanol show the characteristic differences of volatile constituents contained in male and female flowers of T. kirilowii, which enriches the basic studies on dioecious plant.</p>


Subject(s)
Flowers , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Solid Phase Microextraction , Trichosanthes , Chemistry , Volatile Organic Compounds , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336757

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of snakegourd root polysaccharide on apoptosis of human breast cancer cells (MCF-7 cells).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Colorimetric MTT assay was used to measure the inhibition of snakegourd root polysaccharide on MCF-7 cells. The morphological changes of MCF-7 cells were observed by fluorescence microscope after DAPI staining and transmission electron microscope. The apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was examined by DNA agarose gel electrophoresis analysis of DNA fragmentation amd flow cytometry. The activity of Caspase-3 and Caspase-8 was detected by colorimetric assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Polysaccharide of snakegourd root significantly inhibited MCF-7 cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner. The nuclear condensation and marginalization were observed by DAPI staining and transmission electron microscope. The characteristic ladder of apoptosis in DNA electrophoresis was detected in MCF-7 cells treated with 10.0 μmol/L polysaccharide of snakegourd root at d 2. The activities of Caspase-3 and Caspase-8 were increased in a time-dependent manner. The rates of apoptosis in MCF-7 cells were (5.2 ±1.3)%, (13.1 ±4.7)%, (27.6 ±6.8)% and (43.8 ±9.8)% treated with 1.0,5.0,10.0 and 20.0 μmol/L snakegourd root polysaccharide at d 2,respectively. The maximal activities of intracellular Caspase-3 and Caspase-8 were (2.32 ±0.12)U/μg and (1.92 ±0.11)U/μg at d 2 and d 1, respectively when MCF-7 cells were treated with 10.0 μmol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The polysaccharide of snakegourd root can induce the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells,which is associated with the activation of intracellular Caspase-3 and Caspase-8.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Humans , MCF-7 Cells , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
11.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 10(1): 11-22, ene. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-686896

ABSTRACT

Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn. is one of the medicinal plants that is often used in Sri Lankan traditional systems of medicine for the preparation of formulations to treat a variety of disease conditions. However, the toxic effects of T. cucumerina are not known. The aims of the present study were to (a) standardize hot water (HWE) and cold ethanolic (CEE) extracts of T. cucumerina aerial parts, and (b) evaluate toxic potential of the plant extracts. Both extracts were standardized by developing their densitograms and HPLC fingerprints and determination of physico – chemical parameters such as total ash, water soluble ash and acid insoluble ash. Administration of the HWE or CEE to mice did not result in acute or chronic toxic effects as evident from their effects on (a) liver and kidney functions and (c) hematological parameters and (d) fertility of male or female mice.In conclusion, the results of this study have revealed that standardized extracts of T. cucumerina at the doses tested do not produce any serious toxic side effects.


Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn. Es una de las plantas comunmente utilizadas en el sistema de medicina tradicional de Sri Lanka, en la preparación de formulaciones para el tratamiento de diversas enfermedades. Debido a que los efectos tóxicos de T. cucumerina no se conocen, los objetivos de este estudio fueron: (a) estandarizar los extractos obtenidos con agua caliente (EAC) y con etanol frío (EEF), y (b) evaluar la toxicidad de ambos extractos. Ambos extractos fueron estandarizados por obtención de sus densitogramas y huella digital con HPLC. Adicionalmente se determinaron parámetros fisicoquímicos, tales como: cenizas totales, cenizas solubles en agua y cenizas solubles en ácido. La administración de EAC y EEF a ratones no mostró efectos tóxicos agudos ni crónicos. Las funciones renales, hepáticas, estudios hematológicos y de fertilidad en machos y hembras fueron normales. Se concluye que los extractos estandarizados de T. cucumerina, a las dosis ensayadas no producen ningún efecto tóxico.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Female , Mice , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Liver , Kidney , Trichosanthes/toxicity , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ethanol , Reproduction , Solutions , Temperature , Organ Size , Water
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265834

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of triangle drugs as ginseng, Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim, and rhubarb on the levels of blood lipids as [total cholesterol (TC), triglyeride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)] and pro-inflammatory cytokines as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and high sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) during the process of treating atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into three groups after one-week adaptive feeding, i.e., the normal control group (n=6), the model group (n=6), and the triangle drugs group (n=8). High fat diet was fed to rabbits in the triangle drugs group and the model group at the daily dose of 100 g for six weeks. Iliac artery was injured in the model group and the triangle drugs group at the seventh week using balloon injury. High fat diet was successively fed to those after surgery for six weeks. At the same time of modeling, preventive medication (at the daily dose of dry ginseng 0.64 g/kg, Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim 2.14 g/kg, and prepared Radix et Rhizoma Rhei with wine 0.43 g/kg, with the volume of 2 mL/kg) was administered by gastrogavage to rabbits in the triangle drugs group. Changes of blood lipids levels and related pro-inflammatory cytokines were dynamically observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>On the 7th week (before surgery), the levels of TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C in the model group, TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C in the triangle drugs group significantly increased, showing significant difference when compared with those of the normal control group (P < 0.05). The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the model group and the triangle drugs group were significantly higher than those in the normal control group (P < 0.05). Levels of TC, TG, and LDL-C were lower in the triangle drugs group than in the model group, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). After the 8th week the levels of blood lipids and ICAM-1 in the model group, and levels of TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and ICAM-1 in the triangle drugs group were significantly higher than those of the normal control group, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). After the 12th week levels of blood lipids in the model group, LDL-C and HDL-C in the triangle drugs group were significantly higher than those of the normal control group, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). The LDL-C level was lower in the triangle drugs group than in the model group, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). The levels of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and hs-CRP in the model group were obviously higher than those in the triangle drugs group and the normal control group, showing statistical significance (P < 0.05). The hs-CRP level was higher in the triangle drugs group than in the normal control group, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The triangle drugs may postpone the process of atherosclerosis by lowering blood lipids levels, especially by lowering the elevating levels of TC and LDL-C. Its roles in decreasing the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines might be associated with lipids lowering and anti-inflammation. Its roles may also be associated with improvement of the endothelial function and inhibition of the smooth muscle proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Atherosclerosis , Blood , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Cholesterol , Blood , Cholesterol, HDL , Blood , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Blood , Male , Panax , Phytotherapy , Rabbits , Rheum , Trichosanthes , Triglycerides , Blood , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Blood
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 27(1): 173-182, Mar. 2009. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-553004

ABSTRACT

Ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina was evaluated for antiovulatory activity in adult rats. The ethanol extract at the doses 200 and 400mg/kg body weight (orally) affected the normal estrous cycle showing a significant increase in estrus and metestrus phases and decrease in diestras and proestrus phases. The extract also significantly reduced the number of healthy follicles (Class I-Class VI) and corpora lutea and increased the number of regressing follicles (Stage IA, Stage IB, Stage IIA, and Stage IIB). The protein and glycogen content in the ovaries were significantly reduced in treated rats. The cholesterol level was significantly increased, whereas, the enzyme activities like 3b-HSD and 17b-HSD were significantly inhibited in the ovary of treated rats. Serum FSH and LH levels were significantly reduced in the treated groups were measured by RIA. In acute toxicity test, neither mortality nor change in the behavior or any other physiological activities in mice were observed in the treated groups. In chronic toxicity studies, no mortality was recorded and there were no significant differences in the body and organ weights were observed between controls and treated rats. Hematological analysis showed no significant differences in any of the parameters examined (RBC, WBC count and Hemoglobin estimation). These observations showed the antiovulatory activity of ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina in female albino rats.


El extracto de etanol de toda la planta de Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina (L.) se evaluó en cuanto a su actividad antiovulatoria en ratas adultas. El extracto de etanol en dosis de 200 y 400mg/kg de peso corporal (oral) afectó el ciclo normal estral, mostrando un aumentó significativo en las fases de estro y metaestro y la disminución de las fases de diestro y proestro. El extracto también redujo significativamente el número de folículos sanos (Clase I=Clase VI) y cuerpo lúteo y aumentó el número de folículos en regresión (etapa I, etapa IB, etapa II y etapa IIB). La proteína y el contenido de glucógeno en los ovarios se redujeron significativamente en las ratas tratadas. El nivel de colesterol aumentó significativamente, mientras que, actividad de las enzimas 3b-HSD y 17b-HSD se inhibió significativamente en el ovario de ratas tratadas. FSH sérico y los niveles de LH se redujeron significativamente en los grupos tratados y medidos por RÍA. En la prueba de toxicidad aguda, no hubo mortalidad ni cambio en el comportamiento fisiológico o de cualquier otra actividad en los grupos tratados de ratas. En estudios de toxicidad crónica, no se registró mortalidad y no hubo diferencias significativas en el peso corporal o el peso de los órganos entre los controles y las ratas tratadas. Los análisis hematológicos no mostraron diferencias significativas en ninguno de los parámetros examinados (eritrocitos, recuento de glóbulos blancos y estimación de hemoglobina). Estas observaciones mostraron la actividad antiovulatoria del extracto de etanol de toda la planta de Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina en ratas albinas hembras.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Anovulation/chemically induced , Anovulation/veterinary , Trichosanthes/adverse effects , Trichosanthes/chemistry , Trichosanthes/toxicity , Estrous Cycle , Ovarian Follicle , Ovarian Follicle/embryology , Gonadotropins/blood
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 329-335, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281898

ABSTRACT

To build up a stable and easy doing method for molecular identification in traditional Chinese medicine, on basis of RAPD, the new method mainly changed the primer length and PCR annealing temperature. Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolius and its nine adulterants were used to establish the method and test it using MARMS primers published in 2004. The new method also used to authenticate Chinese Materia Medica of Tian-hua-fen (Radix Trichosanthes) and Bai-zhi (Radix Angelica). Primer Pg-q36F obtained polymorphic bands of P. Ginseng, P. quinquefolius and its adulterants. The identification result is identical to that published before and more stable. Primer TkS1-64F obtained polymorphic bands of Tian-hua-fen and its nine adulterants. Primer AfS1-100F obtained polymorphic bands of Bai-zhi and its three adulterants. The method has good stability and reproducibility and can easily identify authertic medicines from their adulterants. It was a potential molecular method to identify other Chinese Materia Medica. The method was named as anchored primer amplification polymorphism DNA (APAPD).


Subject(s)
Angelica , Classification , Genetics , DNA Primers , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Drug Contamination , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Panax , Classification , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Genetics , Quality Control , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Trichosanthes , Classification , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents of unsaponifiable matter from the seed oil of Trichosanthes hupehensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The fatty oil from the seeds of T. hupehensis was extracted with petroleum ether. The saponification was carried out with potassium hydroxide. The unsaponifiable matter was isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography. Their structures were elucidated by means of MS, IR, UV, and 1H-NMR.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Karounidiol, isokarounidiol, 5-dehydrokarounidiol, 7-oxodihydrokarounidiol, stigmast-7-en-3beta-ol, stigmast-7, 22-dien-3beta-ol, 10alpha-Cucurbitadienol, beta-sitosterol, stigmast-7, 22-dien-3beta-O-beta-D-glucoside were elucidated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All of these compounds were found in this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Oleanolic Acid , Chemistry , Plant Oils , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Seeds , Chemistry , Sitosterols , Chemistry , Trichosanthes , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246028

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore a new molecular method to authenticate Radix Trichosanthis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Three 20 mer primers based on the ITS sequence was designed. The PCR reaction system was optimized and applied to nineteen different sources of Radix Trichosanthis and nine adulterants and substitutes.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Polymorphic map of Radix Trichosanthis and its adulterants was obtained from primer TKS1-64. 560 bp and 960 bp bands were authentic markers for Radix Trichosanthis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Primer TKS1-64F possesses the advantages of good stability and reproducibility. This new method is named as anchored primer amplification polymorphism DNA(APAPD). It was a potential method to used in molecular identification of other meteria medica.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA Primers , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Drug Contamination , Polymorphism, Genetic , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Trichosanthes , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Trichosanthin , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287336

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the affinity relation among land race of Trichosanthes kirilowii and to provide evidence tor the classification and authentication.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Using scanning electron microscope, characteristics of the pericarp surface were studied comparatively.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The pericarp surface of the cultivated Fructus Trichosanthis in Shandong showed the characteristics of generality and diversity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results of the study could be used for the identification of the cultivated Fructus Trichosanthis in Shandong.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Fruit , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Quality Control , Trichosanthes , Classification
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282191

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the substance basis of actions of Gualou xiebai baijiutang.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Guided by bioactivities, the prescription was isolated and purified by chemical and chromatographic methods, and the structures were identified by chemical and spectral methods.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>4 compounds were isolated from active parts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>3 compounds were isolated for the first time from Trichosanthes kirilowii and Allium macrostemon. Compound 1 had a good activity against platelet aggregation.</p>


Subject(s)
Allium , Chemistry , Animals , Disaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Ethanol , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Platelet Aggregation , Quercetin , Rats , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 433-437, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251067

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the basis of actions of Gualou xiebai baijiutang.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Guided by bioactivities, chemical and chromatographic ways were applied to isolate and purify the prescription. The chemical structures were identified by chemical and spectral ways. The activities on cardiovascular system of the pure compounds were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven steroidal compounds were isolated and identified from the active parts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 5 and 6 showed good anti-platelet aggregation activities induced by ADP and PAF. The IC50 of compound 5 and 6 induced by 2 mumol.L-1 ADP were 0.082 and 0.078 mmol.L-1, and the IC50 induced by 0.5 mumol.L-1 PAF were 0.182 and 0.151 mmol.L-1, respectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Allium , Chemistry , Animals , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Ethanol , Fruit , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Platelet Aggregation , Rabbits , Saponins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320297

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cytotoxic effect of extracts of Trichosanthes kirilowi (TK) root on Hela cells in vitro and its probable anti-tumor mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cytotoxic effect in vitro on the growth of Hela cells was evaluated by microculture tetrazolium assay (MTT). Cell ultrastructural changes were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and DNA agarose electrophoresis was performed to determine apoptosis and biochemical changes of Hela cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Exposure of Hela cells to TK extracts for 24-48 hrs resulted in a cell growth arrest, which showed in a time- and dose-dependent manner (r > 0.880, P < 0.01). With SEM and TEM, marked changes were observed, including microvilli disappearance or reduction, cell membrane vesiculation, cell shrinkage, condensation of chromosomes and apoptotic bodies with complete membrane. Besides, the apoptosis of Hela cells was confirmed by typical DNA ladder formation on gel electrophoresis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Extracts of TK has a marked anti-tumor activity and could induce apoptosis of Hela cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Division , DNA , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , HeLa Cells , Humans , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
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