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Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 384-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936327


OBJECTIVE@#To screen the effective antioxidant components in Trichosanthes extract based on the mean value of Deng's correlation degree and assess the antioxidant activity of the identified components.@*METHOD@#High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to obtain the fingerprints of Trichosanthes extract, and the clearance rates of DPPH · and O2-· by 3, 9 and 27 mg/mL Trichosanthes extract were determined. The antioxidant spectrum effect of Trichosanthes extract was analyzed by calculating the mean value of Deng's correlation degree to screen the effective antioxidant component group. According to the contents of each known components in the antioxidant effective component group, mixed solutions of the components were prepared and tested for their clearance rates of DPPH · and O2-·.@*RESULTS@#The 36 common peaks in HPLC fingerprints of Trichosanthes extract showed different degrees of correlation with DPPH · and O2-· clearance. The common peaks with a correlation degree greater than the median value included peaks 21, 36, 8, 31, 14, 5, 27, 2, 24, 15, 18, 33, 22, 34, 35, 19, 28 and 25. The 5 components, namely kaempferol (peak 36), isoquercitrin (peak 8), luteolin (peak 31), rutin (peak 5) and apigenin (peak 35), were tentatively identified to constitute the effective antioxidant component group with a mass ratio 3∶2∶2∶ 1∶1 in Trichosanthes extract. The prepared mixed solutions of antioxidant effective component group (6.12, 2.04, and 0.68 μg/mL) showed clearance rates of DPPH · of 65.4%, 64.0% and 61.0%, and clearance rates of O2-· of 12.9%, 9.5% and 8.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#We identified the material basis for the antioxidant activity of Trichosanthes and screened the antioxidant effective component group in Trichosanthes extract.

Antioxidants/pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Luteolin , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Trichosanthes/chemistry
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 232-239, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889220


Abstract Biofertilizer Ning shield was composed of different strains of plant growth promotion bacteria. In this study, the plant growth promotion and root-knot nematode disease control potential on Trichosanthes kirilowii in the field were evaluated. The application of Ning shield significantly reduced the diseases severity caused by Meloidogyne incognita, the biocontrol efficacy could reached up to 51.08%. Ning shield could also promote the growth of T. kirilowii in the field by increasing seedling emergence, height and the root weight. The results showed that the Ning shield could enhance the production yield up to 36.26%. Ning shield could also promote the plant growth by increasing the contents of available nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter, and increasing the contents of leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid pigment. Moreover, Ning shield could efficiently enhance the medicinal compositions of Trichosanthes, referring to the polysaccharides and trichosanthin. Therefore, Ning shield is a promising biofertilizer, which can offer beneficial effects to T. kirilowii growers, including the plant growth promotion, the biological control of root-knot disease and enhancement of the yield and the medicinal quality.

Animals , Plant Diseases/therapy , Tylenchoidea/growth & development , Plant Roots/parasitology , Trichosanthes/growth & development , Trichosanthes/parasitology , Agriculture/methods , Fertilizers , Plant Growth Regulators/analysis , Trichosanthes/chemistry , Plant Development
Int. j. morphol ; 27(1): 173-182, Mar. 2009. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-553004


Ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina was evaluated for antiovulatory activity in adult rats. The ethanol extract at the doses 200 and 400mg/kg body weight (orally) affected the normal estrous cycle showing a significant increase in estrus and metestrus phases and decrease in diestras and proestrus phases. The extract also significantly reduced the number of healthy follicles (Class I-Class VI) and corpora lutea and increased the number of regressing follicles (Stage IA, Stage IB, Stage IIA, and Stage IIB). The protein and glycogen content in the ovaries were significantly reduced in treated rats. The cholesterol level was significantly increased, whereas, the enzyme activities like 3b-HSD and 17b-HSD were significantly inhibited in the ovary of treated rats. Serum FSH and LH levels were significantly reduced in the treated groups were measured by RIA. In acute toxicity test, neither mortality nor change in the behavior or any other physiological activities in mice were observed in the treated groups. In chronic toxicity studies, no mortality was recorded and there were no significant differences in the body and organ weights were observed between controls and treated rats. Hematological analysis showed no significant differences in any of the parameters examined (RBC, WBC count and Hemoglobin estimation). These observations showed the antiovulatory activity of ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina in female albino rats.

El extracto de etanol de toda la planta de Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina (L.) se evaluó en cuanto a su actividad antiovulatoria en ratas adultas. El extracto de etanol en dosis de 200 y 400mg/kg de peso corporal (oral) afectó el ciclo normal estral, mostrando un aumentó significativo en las fases de estro y metaestro y la disminución de las fases de diestro y proestro. El extracto también redujo significativamente el número de folículos sanos (Clase I=Clase VI) y cuerpo lúteo y aumentó el número de folículos en regresión (etapa I, etapa IB, etapa II y etapa IIB). La proteína y el contenido de glucógeno en los ovarios se redujeron significativamente en las ratas tratadas. El nivel de colesterol aumentó significativamente, mientras que, actividad de las enzimas 3b-HSD y 17b-HSD se inhibió significativamente en el ovario de ratas tratadas. FSH sérico y los niveles de LH se redujeron significativamente en los grupos tratados y medidos por RÍA. En la prueba de toxicidad aguda, no hubo mortalidad ni cambio en el comportamiento fisiológico o de cualquier otra actividad en los grupos tratados de ratas. En estudios de toxicidad crónica, no se registró mortalidad y no hubo diferencias significativas en el peso corporal o el peso de los órganos entre los controles y las ratas tratadas. Los análisis hematológicos no mostraron diferencias significativas en ninguno de los parámetros examinados (eritrocitos, recuento de glóbulos blancos y estimación de hemoglobina). Estas observaciones mostraron la actividad antiovulatoria del extracto de etanol de toda la planta de Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina en ratas albinas hembras.

Animals , Female , Rats , Anovulation/chemically induced , Anovulation/veterinary , Trichosanthes/adverse effects , Trichosanthes/chemistry , Trichosanthes/toxicity , Estrous Cycle , Ovarian Follicle , Ovarian Follicle/embryology , Gonadotropins/blood