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1.
Rev. salud pública ; 18(6): 953-962, nov.-dic. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-962037

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Determinar la frecuencia de las dermatomicosis en personas de diferentes instituciones de atención social en la ciudad de Manizales durante el año 2011. Método Mediante la toma de muestras de los sitios que presentaban algún tipo de lesión sospechosa de ser una micosis cutánea, se hizo un análisis directo con KOH y cultivo en medios de Saboureaud y Mycosel. Se aplicó un instrumento de recolección de información para establecer factores asociados con la presencia de estos microorganismos. Resultados Los hongos levaduriformes encontrados con mayor frecuencia fueron: Candida albicans, Trichosporon sp, y los mohos saprofitos Penicillium sp, fusarium sp; seguido de hongos dermatofitos como: Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Epidermophyton floccosum y Microsporum gypseum. Las lesiones secas y descamativas se encontraron con mayor frecuencia. El compartir baños y vivir en hacinamiento y el uso de elementos comunes fueron los factores asociados más importantes en este estudio. Conclusiones Las dermatomicosis son frecuentes en poblaciones vulnerables y se asocian a diferentes factores muy similares a los encontrados en otros estudios de igual naturaleza.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To determine the frequency of ringworm in people of different social care institutions in the city of Manizales in 2011. Method Using the sampling sites that had some kind of suspicious lesion from a cutaneous mycosis, direct analysis with KOH and culture media was Saboureaud and Mycosel. An instrument of data collection was used to establish factors associated with the presence of these microorganisms. Results The yeast found most frequently were: Candida albicans, Trichosporon sp and Penicillium molds saprophytes sp, Fusarium sp, followed by dermatophyte fungi such as Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Epidermophyton floccosum and Microsporum gypseum. Dry scaly lesions were found more frequently. The shared bathrooms and living in overcrowded and the use of common elements were the most important in this study associated factors. Conclusions Dermatomycoses are common in vulnerable populations and are associated with different very similar to those found in other studies of the same nature factors.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Penicillium/isolation & purification , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colombia/epidemiology , Vulnerable Populations
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(2): 173-179, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781362

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although dermatophytes are considered the major cause of onychomycosis, many reports have incriminated non-dermatophyte moulds and yeasts in the disease’s etiology. Successive Trichosporon isolation from onychomycosis has led to the genus being suspected as a nail primary pathogen. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Trichosporon isolation in onychomycosis patients who attended a mycology diagnostic service in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between January 2003 and December 2006. The study also includes a worldwide review on Trichosporon isolation prevalence in ungueal disease, emphasizing T. ovoides. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted with the support of staff from the Mycology Laboratory at the Dermatological Service of Rio de Janeiro’s Santa Casa da Misericórdia (MLDS). RESULTS: Mycological analysis provided positive results equaling 47/5036 (0.93%) for Trichosporon spp.; obtained mainly as a single agent (72.35%), and from mixed cultures (27.65%; X2= 6.397; p= 0.018). The great majority belongs to the T. ovoides species (91.5%; n=43), obtained as a single isolate (74.41%; n= 32/43; X2 = 7.023; p= 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Although T. ovoides is classically associated as an etiologic agent of white piedra, this study highlights its potential as a human nail disease pathogen. Our study opens doors for future epidemiologic and virulence factors aimed at determining whether T. ovoides is an important causative agent of onychomycosis in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Trichosporon/pathogenicity , Onychomycosis/microbiology , Onychomycosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Foot Dermatoses/microbiology , Hand Dermatoses/microbiology
3.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 48(1): 62-66, mar. 2016. graf.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284344

ABSTRACT

En este estudio fueron analizadas mediante el cultivo muestras de orina de pacientes hospitalizados en la región centro-oeste de Brasil; los microorganismos aislados fueron identificados filogenéticamente como Trichosporon asahii. A través del análisis de máxima parsimonia de las secuencias de IGS1, fueron encontrados 3 genotipos que no habían sido descritos anteriormente. Las concentraciones inhibitorias mínimas frente a los 9 aislados identificados presentaron un rango de 0,06-1µg/ml en el caso de la anfotericina B, de 0,25-4µg/ml en el del fluconazol, y de 0,03-0,06µg/ml en el del itraconazol. Aproximadamente 6/9 de los aislados de T. asahii formaron biopelículas en la superficie de microplacas de poliestireno. Este trabajo documenta el aislamiento de T. asahii como agente causal de infeciones urinarias nosocomiales. Además, demuestra que la región IGS1 puede ser considerada una nueva herramienta epidemiológica para la genotipificación de los aislados de T. asahii. Los genotipos menos comunes encontrados en este estudio pueden estar relacionados con las características epidemiológicas locales


In this study, the culture analysis of urine samples from patients hospitalized in the Central-West region of Brazil was performed, and the isolated microorganisms were phylogenetically identified as Trichosporon asahii. Maximum parsimony analysis of the IGS1 sequences revealed three novel genotypes that have not been described. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the nine isolates identified were in the range of 0.06­1µg/ml for amphotericin B, 0.25­4µg/ml for fluconazole, and 0.03­0.06µg/ml for itraconazole. Approximately 6/9 of the T. asahii isolates could form biofilms on the surface of polystyrene microplates. This study reports that the microorganisms isolated here as T. asahii are agents of nosocomial urinary tract infections. Furthermore, the IGS1 region can be considered a new epidemiological tool for genotyping T. asahii isolates. The least common genotypes reported in this study can be related to local epidemiological trends


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Trichosporon/classification , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Urine/microbiology , Trichosporonosis/epidemiology , Genetic Profile
4.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 27(3): 247-251, jul.-set. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-761674

ABSTRACT

RESUMOObjetivo:Avaliar a incidência de infecções do trato urinário por Trichosporon spp. em uma unidade de terapia intensiva.Métodos:Estudo descritivo observacional realizado em uma unidade de terapia intensiva no período de 2007 a 2009. Foram analisados todos os pacientes consecutivos que internaram na unidade de terapia intensiva e tiveram o diagnóstico confirmado.Resultados:Vinte pacientes apresentaram infecções do trato urinário por Trichosporon spp. A prevalência foi maior no sexo masculino (65%) e na faixa etária superior a 70 anos (55%). A mortalidade foi de 20%. A média de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 19,8 dias. Seu aparecimento esteve relacionado ao uso pregresso de antibióticos e foi mais frequente no período que compreendeu o outono e o inverno.Conclusão:A infecção por Trichosporon spp. predominou no sexo masculino, de idade acima de 70 anos, com uso de sonda vesical de demora por mais de 20 dias e com uso de antibióticos de amplo espectro acima de 14 dias. Os pacientes que apresentaram a infecção urinária por Trichosporon spp. ficaram internados nos setores de terapia intensiva, com maior frequência, no período de outono e inverno.


ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the incidence of urinary tract infections due to Trichosporon spp. in an intensive care unit.Methods:This descriptive observational study was conducted in an intensive care unit between 2007 and 2009. All consecutive patients admitted to the intensive care unit with a confirmed diagnosis were evaluated.Results:Twenty patients presented with urinary tract infections due to Trichosporon spp. The prevalence was higher among men (65%) and among individuals > 70 years of age (55%). The mortality rate was 20%. The average intensive care unit stay was 19.8 days. The onset of infection was associated with prior use of antibiotics and was more frequent in the fall and winter.Conclusion:Infection due to Trichosporon spp. was more common in men and among those > 70 years of age and was associated with the use of an indwelling urinary catheter for more than 20 days and with the use of broadspectrum antibiotics for more than 14 days. In addition, patients with urinary infection due to Trichosporon spp. were most often hospitalized in intensive care units in the fall and winter periods.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Intensive Care Units , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Trichosporonosis/epidemiology , Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology , Age Factors , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Cohort Studies , Incidence , Length of Stay , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Sex Factors , Trichosporonosis/microbiology , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 78(4): 252-254, July-Aug. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759251

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTPostoperative fungal endophthalmitis is a rare but devastating complication of cataract surgery. Vitrectomy and intravitreal amphotericin B injection as well as administration of systemic antifungal agents have been suggested as optimal treatments for fungal endophthalmitis. However, this therapy may fail to eliminate fungal species resistant to current antifungal agents. The saprophytic fungus Trichosporon asahii is frequently observed as a cause of endogenous endophthalmitis in immunosuppressed patients. We report a case of postoperative endophthalmitis caused by T. asahii, resistant to amphotericin B. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of T. asahii endophthalmitis successfully treated with intravitreal and systemic voriconazole, pars plana vitrectomy, and removal of the intraocular lens and entire lens capsule.


RESUMOEndoftalmite fúngica pós-operatória é uma complicação rara mas devastadora da cirurgia de catarata. A vitrectomia e injeção intravítrea de anfotericina B, bem como agentes fungicidas sistêmicos, têm sido sugeridos como tratamentos ideais para endoftalmite fúngica. No entanto, esta terapia pode falhar em erradicar as espécies de fungos resistentes aos agentes antifúngicos atuais. Uma dessas espécies de fungos é o fungo saprófita,Trichosporon asahii, que é frequentemente observada, como causa de endoftalmite endógena, em pacientes imunodeprimidos. Relatamos um caso de endoftalmite pós-operatória causada porT. asahii que é resistente a anfotericina B. Ao nosso conhecimento, este é o primeiro relato de endoftalmite porT. asahii tratado com sucesso com voriconazol intravítreo e sistêmico, vitrectomia viapars plana, e remoção da lente intraocular e saco capsular.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Eye Infections, Fungal/drug therapy , Trichosporonosis/drug therapy , Voriconazole/administration & dosage , Endophthalmitis/microbiology , Eye Infections, Fungal/microbiology , Intravitreal Injections , Trichosporon/classification , Trichosporon/isolation & purification
6.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(1): 117-123, 05/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748245

ABSTRACT

In this study, we isolated and phenotypically identified 108 yeast strains from various clinical specimens collected from 100 hospitalized patients at three tertiary hospitals in São Luís-Maranhão, Brazil, from July to December 2010. The isolates were analyzed for their susceptibility to four of the most widely used antifungal agents in the surveyed hospitals, amphotericin B, fluconazole, 5-flucytosine and voriconazole. The species identified were Candida albicans (41.4%), Candida tropicalis (30.1%), C. glabrata (7.4%), Candida parapsilosis (5.5%), Candida krusei (4.6%), Cryptococcus neoformans (4.6%), Trichosporon spp. (3.7%), Candida norvegensis (0.9%), Rhodotorula glutinis (0.9%) and Pichia farinosa (0.9%). A higher isolation rate was observed in the following clinical specimens: urine (54 isolates; 50%), respiratory tract samples (21 isolates; 19.4%) and blood (20 isolates; 18.6%). Candida albicans isolates were 100% sensitive to all antifungal agents tested, whereas Candida krusei and Crytococcus neoformans displayed intermediate resistance to 5-flucytosine, with Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) values of 8 mg/mL and 16 mg/mL, respectively. Both strains were also S-DD to fluconazole with an MIC of 16 mg/mL. C. tropicalis was resistant to 5-flucytosine with an MIC of 32 μg/mL. This study demonstrates the importance of identifying the yeast species involved in community and nosocomial infections.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Candida/isolation & purification , Mycoses/microbiology , Pichia/isolation & purification , Rhodotorula/isolation & purification , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Brazil , Candida/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Mycoses/epidemiology , Prevalence , Pichia/drug effects , Rhodotorula/drug effects , Tertiary Care Centers , Trichosporon/drug effects
7.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2012 Apr-June; 30(2): 229-232
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143953

ABSTRACT

The aetiology of fungal sinusitis is diverse and changing. Aspergillus species has been the most common cause for fungal sinusitis, especially in dry and hot regions like India. Trichosporon species as a cause for fungal sinusitis has been very rarely reported the world over. Here, we report a rare case of allergic fungal sinusitis caused by Trichosporon inkin in a 28-year-old immunocompetent woman. Bilateral nasal obstruction, nasal discharge and loss of smell were her presenting complaints. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy showed bilateral multiple polyps. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was performed and many polyps were removed. Based on mycological and histopathological studies, the pathogen was identified as T. inkin.


Subject(s)
Adult , Endoscopy , Female , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Hypersensitivity/pathology , India , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Polyps/complications , Polyps/diagnosis , Polyps/surgery , Sinusitis/diagnosis , Sinusitis/microbiology , Sinusitis/pathology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Trichosporonosis/diagnosis , Trichosporonosis/microbiology , Trichosporonosis/pathology
8.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 54(1): 1-3, Jan.-Feb. 2012.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-614888

ABSTRACT

Trichosporon spp. are yeasts capable of causing invasive disease, which mainly affect immunocompromised patients. A clinical strain of T. asahii was isolated from the blood cultures of patients admitted to the General Hospital of Fortaleza. Susceptibility tests were conducted by disk diffusion and broth microdilution. The isolated strain of T. asahii was resistant to fluconazole. The patient used amphotericin B and caspofungin in order to facilitate the microbiological cure. It was the first isolation and identification of T. asahii in blood culture in Ceará, Brazil.


Trichosporon spp. são leveduras capazes de causar doença invasiva, que afetam principalmente pacientes imunocomprometidos. Uma cepa clínica de T. asahii foi isolada em hemocultura de paciente internado no Hospital Geral de Fortaleza. Os testes de suscetibilidade foram realizados por difusão em disco e microdiluição em caldo. A cepa isolada do T. asahii foi resistente ao fluconazol, o paciente fez uso de anfotericina B e caspofungina então a cura microbiológica ocorreu. Foi o primeiro isolamento e identificação de T. asahii em hemocultura no Ceará, Brasil.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Amphotericin B/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Fluconazole/pharmacology , Trichosporon/drug effects , Trichosporonosis/microbiology , Immunocompromised Host , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Trichosporonosis/drug therapy
9.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 41(3): 628-634, Oct. 2010. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-549404

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to 1) determine the colonization rates of medically important Trichosporon species on normal perigenital skin and 2) determine the isolation rates of Trichosporon spp. isolated from the urine and catheters of Brazilian patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The overall colonization rate of Trichosporon spp. was 11.15 percent (112 isolates). The most common species isolated from normal perigenital skin was T. cutaneum (29.46 percent), followed by T. asteroides (20.53 percent), T. ovoides (15.17 percent), T. inkin (10.71 percent), T. mucoides (8.92 percent), and T. asahii (6.25 percent). From urine and catheters, T. asahii was the species most commonly isolated (76.5 percent; n =23), followed by T. inkin (16.6 percent; n = 5) and T. asteroides (6.6 percent; n = 2). In addition, the highest isolation rate occurred in subjects in the 71- to 80-year-old age range (36.7 percent; n= 11), followed by 61 to 70 (26.7 percent; n = 8), 51 to 60 (13.3 percent; n = 4), 31 to 40 (13.33 percent; n = 4), and 41 to 50 (10 percent; n =3). We concluded that 6 medically important species of the genus Trichosporon colonize the perigenital region in a normal population. The identification of these species is possible by means of classical methods but often requires repeated analyses repetitions due to difficulties in the assimilation process. In contrast, only 3 species of Trichosporon were isolated from urine and catheters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mycoses , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Urinary Tract Infections , Catheters, Indwelling , Methods , Patients , Methods
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 41(2): 310-315, Apr.-June 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-545335

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antifungal susceptibility profile of Trichosporon species isolated from different sources employing the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) method and E-test method. Thirty-four isolates of Trichosporon spp. and six CBS reference samples were tested for their susceptibility to Amphotericin B, 5-flucytosine, Fluconazole, Itraconazole, Voriconazole and Terbinafine. All species showed high Minimun Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) for Itraconazole and susceptibility to Fluconazole, The comparison among the results obtained by the CLSI method and E-test revealed larger discrepancies among 5-flucytosine and Itraconazole. The present work provides epidemiological data that could influence therapeutic choices. Furthermore, the comparison between different methodologies could help to analyze results obtained by different laboratories.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antifungal Agents , Disease Susceptibility , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Mitosporic Fungi , Mycoses , Trichosporon/growth & development , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Epidemiologic Methods , Methodology , Methods
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We utilized results from the ARTEMIS DISK Global Antifungal Surveillance Program to evaluate the species distribution and fluconazole and voriconazole susceptibilities of yeast isolates from clinical specimens in South Korea from 2001 to 2007. METHODS: Data were collected on 5,665 yeast isolates from all body sites at three locations. All investigators tested clinical yeast isolates using the CLSI M44-A disk diffusion method. Test plates were automatically read and results were recorded using the BIOMIC image analysis plate reader system (Giles Scientific, USA). Species, drug, zone diameter, susceptibility category, and quality control results were collected quarterly via e-mail for analysis. RESULTS: Candida albicans was the most common isolate, but a progressive increase in non-C. albicans Candida and noncandidal yeast species has been observed in recent years. The overall percentages of isolates in each category (susceptible, susceptible dose dependent, and resistant) were 98.8%, 0.5%, and 0.7% and 99.2%, 0.2%, and 0.6% for fluconazole and voriconazole, respectively. Candida of 3 species exhibited decreased susceptibility to fluconazole (<90% S) in the order of that seen with the resistant (R) species: C. krusei, C. guilliermondii, and C. glabrata. Emerging resistance to fluconazole or voriconazole was documented among isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans, Trichosporon spp., and Rhodotorula spp. CONCLUSIONS: The species distribution and antifungal susceptibilities of yeasts may differ according to specimen type, testing method, hospital, and geographic region. Therefore, further large-scaled, long-term surveillance studies are needed to isolate yeasts and to confirm the species distribution and antifungal susceptibilities of yeast isolates from clinical specimens in Korea.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Candida/isolation & purification , Cryptococcus neoformans/isolation & purification , Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Fluconazole/pharmacology , Hospitals , Humans , Pyrimidines/pharmacology , Republic of Korea , Rhodotorula/isolation & purification , Triazoles/pharmacology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Yeasts/drug effects
12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 85(5): 459-461, set.-out. 2009.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-530127

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Apresentar o primeiro caso de infecção disseminada por Trichosporon spp em um recém-nascido no Brasil, discutindo alguns aspectos de manejo e tratamento. Um novo espectro de agentes infecciosos associado a infecções graves em UTI neonatais tem surgido. Ele atinge particularmente recém-nascidos com peso de nascimento abaixo de 1.000 g. A infecção por Trichosporon asahii é rara e quase sempre fatal nesse grupo. DESCRIÇÃO: É apresentado o caso de um recém-nascido de 815 g com infecção fatal por Trichosporon spp. Na literatura pesquisada nos principais bancos de dados, apenas nove artigos foram encontrados, com descrição de 14 casos de infecção por esse fungo em recém-nascidos prematuros. CONCLUSÕES: A taxa de infecção fúngica invasiva é de cerca de 6 por cento no grupo de risco referido acima, sendo a causada por Trichosporon uma possibilidade. A taxa de mortalidade desses casos é muito alta, mas o tratamento precoce com triazólicos melhora muito o seu prognóstico.


OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of disseminated Trichosporon spp infection in a newborn infant in Brazil, discussing a few aspects concerning management and treatment. A new spectrum of pathogens associated with severe infections in neonatal ICU has arisen, afflicting mainly newborn infants weighing less than 1,000 g at birth. Infection with Trichosporon asahii is rare and often fatal in this group of patients. DESCRIPTION: A case of Trichosporon spp fatal infection in a newborn weighing 815 g at birth is reported. Literature search in the main databases returned only nine articles, reporting 14 cases of infection with this fungus in preterm newborns. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of invasive fungal infection is around 6 percent in this group of patients, Trichosporon infection being a likely occurrence. Mortality rate in these cases is extremely high, but early treatment with triazole antifungals improves prognosis significantly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mycoses/microbiology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Fatal Outcome , Infant, Premature/blood
13.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 50(5): 307-309, Sept.-Oct. 2008. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-495768

ABSTRACT

White piedra is a superficial mycosis caused by Trichosporon spp. that affects the hair shaft of any part of the body. It is presented an outbreak of scalp white piedra seen in 5.8 percent of the children frequenting a day care in Northeastern of São Paulo State, Brazil. Mycological exam and culture identified T. cutaneum in all five cases, and scanning electron microscopy of nodules around hair shaft infected by Trichosporon spp. is demonstrated comparing them with those of black piedra and with nits of Pediculous capitis.


Piedra branca caracteriza-se por ser micose superficial, causada por Trichosporon spp., que compromete a haste dos pelos de qualquer região do corpo. Um surto de piedra branca, afetando os cabelos do couro cabeludo, foi registrado em 5,8 por cento das crianças que freqüentavam uma creche na região nordeste do estado de São Paulo. Exame micológico direto e cultura identificaram T. cutaneum nas cinco crianças afetadas. Enfatiza-se a utilização da microscopia eletrônica de varredura, que mostrou nódulos circundando a haste dos cabelos infectada por Trichosporon spp., comparando-os com nódulos de Piedra nigra e com lêndeas de Pediculus capitis.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Child Day Care Centers , Piedra/epidemiology , Scalp Dermatoses/epidemiology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Piedra/diagnosis , Piedra/microbiology , Scalp Dermatoses/diagnosis , Scalp Dermatoses/microbiology , Trichosporon/ultrastructure
14.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 39(3): 585-592, July-Sept. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-494554

ABSTRACT

Trichosporon asahii is an opportunistic pathogen, associated with a high mortality rate in immunocompromised patients. In this study, ten isolates, recovered from oral cavity and urine of patients in Intensive Care Units (ICU) over six months, were identified by classical and molecular methods, typed by RAPD and tested in vitro for susceptibility to fluconazole, itraconazole, 5-flucytosine and amphotericin B. A total agreement between the identification of Trichosporon sp by PCR based on sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacer Regions (ITS) and on the sequences of small-subunit (SSU) ribosomal DNA (rDNA) was found. Randomly amplified of polymorphic DNA (RAPD), with primers P6 and M13, was used to determine the genomic profiles. The dendogram analysis indicated that almost all strains showed similarity >0.9 among them and all strains were multidrug-resistant. This study brings new results on the identification and genotyping of T. asahii isolated from Brazilian ICU patients and information about their antifungal drugs susceptibility.


Trichosporon asahii é um patógeno oportunista que apresenta altos índices de mortalidade em pacientes imunocomprometidos. No presente trabalho, dez cepas foram isoladas da cavidade bucal e urina de pacientes internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) por seis meses. Todos os isolados foram identificados por métodos clássicos e moleculares, tipados por RAPD e testados in vitro quanto à sensibilidade ao fluconazol, itraconazol, 5-fluorocitosina e anfotericina B. Houve concordância total entre a identificação de Trichosporon sp por PCR baseado na seqüência da região ITS (Internal Transcribed Spacer) e na seqüência da subunidade menor do DNA ribossômico (rDNA). Os perfis genéticos foram determinados por RAPD utilizando dois iniciadores P6 e M13. A análise do dendrograma mostrou que a maioria das amostras apresentou alta similaridade entre elas (>0.9) e todas foram multidrogas resistentes. Este estudo traz novos resultados em relação à identificação e genotipagem de isolados brasileiros de T. asahii em pacientes internados em UTI, bem como dados sobre o perfil de sensibilidade aos antifúngicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antifungal Agents , Base Sequence , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , In Vitro Techniques , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Genetic Variation , Methods , Mortality
15.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 25(3): 213-215, jun. 2008.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-484894

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso fatal de infección por Trichos-poron asahii diagnosticado post mortem en una neonato de pretérmino que pesó 685 grs al nacer. De los cultivos de catéteres y del tubo endotraqueal se aisló T. asahii, levadura oportunista descrita como un patógeno emergente en infecciones sistémicas graves e infecciones nosocomiales en las unidades de cuidados intensivos neonatales. La colonización y enfermedad por este microorganismo poco común suele ser inespecífica y con mal pronóstico, de presentación clínica similar a otras infecciones fúngicas.


We present a case of Trichosporon asahii fatal infection recognized post mortem in a premature newborn baby of 685 g. Trichosporon asahii isolated from endovascular catheters and endotraqueal tube, is an opportunistic yeast described like an emergent pathogen in serious systemic infections and nosocomial infections in the neonatal intensive care units. The colonization and disease by this uncommon microorganism, usually is unspecific and has similar clinical presentation to other fungal infections with a bad prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Fungemia/microbiology , Infant, Premature, Diseases/microbiology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Fatal Outcome , Infant, Premature , Severity of Illness Index
16.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 39(1): 59-60, Jan.-Mar. 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-480675

ABSTRACT

Fungal infections are increasingly being reported in immuno-compromised patients. In this study we report a case of systemic Trichosporon cutaneum infection in an infant with Wilms' tumor. This is the first time that an invasive infection for T. cutaneum has been reported in a Wilms' tumor patient.


As infecções fungicas estão sendo relatadas cada vez mais em pacientes imunocomprometidos. Neste estudo nós relatamos um caso de infecção sistêmica por Trichosporon cutaneum em um infante com tumor de Wilms. Esta é a primeira vez que uma infecção invasiva por T. cutaneum é relatada em paciente com tumor de Wilms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , In Vitro Techniques , Mycoses , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Trichosporon/isolation & purification , Wilms Tumor , Methods , Patients
17.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2007 Jan; 25(1): 59-61
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-54202

ABSTRACT

A case of invasive Trichosporonosis due to Trichosporon asahii in an otherwise healthy young adult male presenting as meningoencephalitis and pneumonia is reported here. T. asahii was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid and sputum of the patient and morphologic forms of organism was also demonstrated on direct Gram stain of sputum. The isolate was identified as T. asahii. The patient partially responded to fluconazole therapy. Our case suggests that T. asahii can no longer be linked with Trichospronosis in immunocompromised patient alone and any case of meningitis needs thorough mycological workup for its correct etiological identification and appropriate management.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Male , Mycoses/diagnosis , Trichosporon/isolation & purification
18.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 43(2): 280-282, 2006.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-454658

ABSTRACT

Trichosporon beigelii was isolated from four and three Holstein heifers with clinical and subclinical mastitis respectively, during the extension activities of Nucleus of Mastitis Research - NUPEMAS - FMVZ-UNESP - BOTUCATU - BRAZIL This fungus is considered extremely important because it is responsible for superficial skin infections, known as "white piedra". According with literature, there is no record of isolation of this agent fram mastitis in Brazil. This fact confirms the importance of microbiological studies to lead the treatment correctly to prevent the increase of bacterial resistance and secondary fungal infections that uses the inefficient antimicrobial as substratum for its development.


Durante as atividades de extensão rural, desenvolvidas pelo Núcleo de Pesquisa em Mastites - NUPEMAS, do Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia da Universidade Estadual Paulista - Botucatu - São Paulo - Brasil, no ano de 2002, foi isolado de uma propriedade leiteira do interior do estado, o fungo Trichosporon beigelii, em quatro animais com mastite clínica, e em três com mastite subclínica. Este fungo é de grande importância, pois é responsável pelo desenvolvimento de quadros de micose superficial, conhecidos como piedra branca. No Brasil, até o presente momento, não há relato de isolamento de Trichosporon beigelii, como agente causador de mastites. Este fato confirma a importância do exame microbiológico para o monitoramento das mastites, pois permite a identificação de patógenos tanto nas infecções intramamárias subclínicas camo clínicas, evitando-se o tratamento com antimicrobianos, que nestes casos em particular, além de não exercer seu efeito terapêutica, pode predispor a infecções mistas por outros agentes fúngicos, na medida em que os antimicrobianos fornecem substrato para o desenvolvimento e manutenção destes.


Subject(s)
Cattle , Mastitis, Bovine/diagnosis , Mastitis, Bovine/epidemiology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification
19.
JPMA-Journal of Pakistan Medical Association. 2006; 56 (2): 79-82
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-78533

ABSTRACT

Pneumocystis Carinii and Trichosporon beigelii are opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a young lady who underwent haemopoeitic stem cell transplantation for relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This 25 years old female developed fever, dry cough and rapidly progressive dyspnoea during post transplant neutropenia and was found to be suffering from Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. She was successfully treated with Co-trimoxazole. The patient again presented with similar symptoms on day 55 post transplant. This time Trichosporon beigelii was isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage and she responded to prompt antifungal therapy. Other complications encountered during the subsequent course were extensive subcutaneous emphysema and spontaneous pneumothorax that required chest intubation and brief hospitalization. The patient is presently nine months post transplant and is asymptomatic


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis , Pneumocystis carinii/isolation & purification , Lung Diseases, Fungal/microbiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immunocompromised Host , Trichosporon/isolation & purification
20.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2001 Jul; 44(3): 379-80
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-75562

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary infection due to Trichosporon beigelii is uncommon. A case of Pneumonia in a 28 year old male patient with positive HIV status, secondary to Trichosporon beigelii is reported.


Subject(s)
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/etiology , Adult , Humans , Lung Diseases, Fungal/etiology , Male , Pneumonia/etiology , Trichosporon/isolation & purification
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