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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 137-139, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155791

ABSTRACT

Abstract Infective endocarditis is a rather uncommon disease, but it has significant mortality rates in the pediatric population (5% to 10%). We report a case of an infant patient with multiple vegetation in the tricuspid valve secondary to infective endocarditis caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. A tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed with a fenestrated autologous pericardium patch, providing satisfactory outcomes. This technique is simple, innovative, effective, and it could be applied in similar cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Endocarditis , Endocarditis, Bacterial/surgery , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Pericardium/surgery , Pericardium/transplantation , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Tricuspid Valve/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 994-998, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143997

ABSTRACT

Abstract We compared the mortality rates of two surgical techniques for correction of atrioventricular disjunction in 10 out of 720 patients who underwent mitral valve replacement from 2005 to 2012. In group I, the mitral annulus was fixed with bovine pericardial strips; in group II, a 'patch' of bovine pericardium was sutured and extended from the base of the lateral and medial papillary muscles, covered the posterior wall of the left ventricle, went through the posterior mitral annulus, and ended in the posterior wall of the left atrium adjacent to the mitral ring. The group II technique showed a lower mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Atrioventricular Node/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Papillary Muscles/surgery , Pericardium/transplantation , Tricuspid Valve , Cattle
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 644-653, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137339

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the mid-term survival rate after tricuspid valve replacement (TVR). Methods: We retrospectively studied 110 consecutive patients who underwent TVR from January 2007 to November 2017. A survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Results: The median survival was 65.81 months. Mean age was 50 (range 39 to 59) years. Forty-eight patients (43.6%) were male, and 62 patients (56.4%) were female. Most of the patients (78.5%) were categorized into the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classes III/IV. Seventy-two patients (65.5%) had isolated TVR. Six-three patients (57.3%) had previously undergone heart surgery. The Kaplan-Meier survival rates at one year, three years, and five years were 59.0%±5%, 52.0%±6%, and 48.0%±6%, respectively. A Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the risk factors for mid-term mortality were advanced NYHA class (hazard ratio [HR] 2.430, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.099-5.375, P=0.028), need for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) treatment (HR 3.121, 95% CI 1.610-6.050, P=0.001), and need for intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) treatment (HR 3.356, 95% CI 1.072-10.504, P=0.038). Conclusion: In TVR, impaired cardiac function before the operation and a need for CRRT or IABP treatment after the operation is independently associated with increased mid-term mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Cardiac Surgical Procedures
5.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 303-306, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289229

ABSTRACT

Resumen La anomalía de Ebstein es una malformación caracterizada por el desplazamiento apical de las inserciones de las valvas septal y posterior de la válvula tricúspide, así como del anillo funcional tricúspide y por la atrialización del ventrículo derecho. Se han encontrado casos durante cirugías que no han cumplido con estos criterios, y que, por tanto, se han clasificado como "anomalías Ebstein-like". Algunos de ellos han sido descritos anatómicamente como válvulas displásicas. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 20 años que presentó disnea clase III de la Asociación del Corazón de Nueva York y dolor punzante en el pecho, que se clasificó como una posible anomalía de Ebstein por ecocardiografía; sin embargo, los hallazgos intraoperatorios fueron compatibles con una válvula tricúspide displásica con dilatación del anillo funcional. Este caso destaca la importancia del uso adecuado de la ecocardiografía, así como la necesidad de estudios prospectivos sobre los casos de Ebstein-like.


Abstract The Ebstein anomaly is a malformation characterised by the apical displacement of the insertions of the septal valve and the posterior tricuspid valve, displaced tricuspid functional ring, and atrialisation of the right ventricle. Cases have been found during surgery that have complied with these criteria, and have therefore been classified as "Ebstein-like anomalies". Some of them have been described anatomically as valve dysplasia. The case is presented of a 20 year-old female that presented with dyspnoea Class III of the New York Heart Association, and a stabbing pain in the chest. This was classified as a possible Ebstein anomaly by cardiac ultrasound. However the findings during the surgery were compatible with tricuspid valve dysplasia with dilation of the functional ring. This case highlights the importance of the appropriate use of cardiac ultrasound, as well as the need to carry out prospective studies on Ebstein-like cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ebstein Anomaly , Tricuspid Valve , Heart Valve Diseases , Heart Ventricles
6.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 16-23, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115445

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: El reemplazo protésico de la válvula tricúspide es un procedimiento infrecuente, con elevada mortalidad y morbilidad operatoria, independientemente de la etiología de la insuficiencia tricuspídea. Persiste aún una discusión respecto al tipo de prótesis a utilizar, mecánica o biológica. OBJETIVO: Analizar nuestros resultados perioperatorios y alejados en el reemplazo valvular tricuspídeo, comparando ambos tipos de prótesis. MÉTODO: Revisión de la Base de Datos de nuestro Servicio de Cirugía Cardiovascular para el periodo enero 1991 - diciembre 2017. Identificados los pacientes con reemplazo valvular tricuspídeo (RVT); se revisaron los protocolos operatorios y los ecocardiogramas. La supervivencia se certificó a través del Registro Civil e Identificación de Chile. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron 83 pacientes con RVT (76% mujeres), los que representaron el 0,7% del total de las cirugías con circulación extracorpórea y el 2,1% de las cirugías valvulares para el periodo en estudio. La edad promedio fue 49±16,5 años. Cuarenta y nueve casos (59%) correspondieron a reoperaciones y otros 49 tuvieron un procedimiento asociado. En 40 pacientes (48%) se utilizó una prótesis mecánica y en 43 (52%) una biológica. La mortalidad operatoria global fue 9,6% (8 pacientes, 4 con una prótesis mecánica y 4 con una biológica). El seguimiento se completó en el 100%, con un promedio de 7,1 años. Veintiocho pacientes fallecieron durante el seguimiento; la principal causa fue insuficiencia cardiaca. Así, la supervivencia a 5 años fue 70,3 ± 5,3% y a 10 años 58 ± 6,3%, sin diferencia significativa entre ambos tipos de prótesis. Siete pacientes se reoperaron durante el seguimiento (5 casos con prótesis biológica y 2 mecánica). CONCLUSIÓN: El RVT continúa siendo un procedimiento infrecuente, con mayor incidencia en mujeres, en la quinta década de la vida. La mayoría de los pacientes presentaba comorbilidad y había tenido cirugía cardiovascular previa. La mitad de estos recibió una prótesis mecánica y la otra, biológica. No hubo diferencias significativas entre ambos tipos de prótesis en cuanto a mortalidad operatoria, supervivencia alejada o reoperación.


BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) is an uncommon surgical procedure, associated with high mortality and morbidity. The use of biological or mechanical prostheses in TVR has advantages and disadvantages and, therefore, there persists a debate regarding the choice of one or other type of prostheses. AIM: To analyze our operative and long-term surgical results, comparing both types of prosthetic valves. METHODS: The Data Base of the Cardiovascular Surgery Service was reviewed for the period between January 1991 and December 2017. 83 patients with TVR were identified, the operative notes and echocardiogram reports were analyzed. Survival was obtained from the Chilean Civil Identification Service. RESULTS: 83 patients (76% women) had TVR. They represented 0.7% of the total cases operated on with extracorporeal circulation and 2.1% of all valve disease cases, for the study period. Mean age was 49±16.5 years. 49 cases (59%) were reoperations and another 49 had an associated procedure. In 40 patients (48%) a mechanical prosthesis was used and in 43 (52%) a biological one was implanted. Operative mortality rate was 9.6% (8 patients, had a mechanical valve and the other 8, a biological one). Follow-up was 100% completed, with an average of 7.1 years. 28 patients died during follow-up; the main cause of death was heart failure. Five-year survival rate was 70.3 ± 5.3% and at 10 years it was 58 ± 6.3%, without significant difference the type of prostheses. Seven patients were re-operated during follow-up (5 cases corresponded to a biological prostheses and 2 to a mechanical one). CONCLUSION: TVR is still an infrequent surgical procedure, more commonly performed in women, on the fifth decade of life. Most patients presented comorbidities and had a previous cardiovascular surgical operation. Half of them received a mechanical prosthesis and half a biological one. There was no significant difference between both types of prostheses related to surgical mortality, long-term survival or reoperation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Extracorporeal Circulation , Reoperation , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/mortality , Bioprosthesis , Comorbidity , Survival Analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/statistics & numerical data
7.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 33(1): [e000AO32], 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052460

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A avaliação sistemática das dimensões e da função das câmaras direitas, de acordo com sexo, idade, superfície corporal e índice de massa corporal, não é uniformemente realizada. Objetivo: Avaliar, ao ecocardiograma transtorácico, as dimensões e a função das câmaras direitas de acordo com o sexo, superfície corporal e índice de massa corporal em uma população ambulatorial. Métodos: Estudo observacional, transversal. Foram selecionados 81 pacientes, 60,4 ± 13,5 anos, de ambos os sexos (57 mulheres, 70%). Foram avaliados: diâmetro proximal do ventrículo direito, basal do ventrículo direito, médio e longitudinal; área do átrio direito e volume do átrio direito; espessura da parede livre do ventrículo direito; excursão sistólica do anel valvar tricúspide; e Doppler tecidual do anel tricúspide, onda S'. Resultados: O sexo feminino apresentou menores diâmetros em relação ao sexo masculino (teste t de Student) de diâmetro proximal do ventrículo direito (20,6 mm ± 2,4 vs. 22,7 mm ± 2,2; p = 0,001), basal do ventrículo direito (34,4 mm ± 3,5 vs. 38,2 mm ± 4,8; p < 0,001), diâmetro médio do ventrículo direito (27 mm ± 3,3 vs. 32,4 mm ± 4,9; p < 0,001), área do átrio direito (13,7 cm² ± 2,7 vs. 16,6 cm² ± 3,9; p = 0,002) e volume do átrio direito (37 mL ± 10,6 vs. 50,7 mL ± 15,6 ; p = 0,002). O índice de massa corporal e a superfície corporal se correlacionaram positivamente com o diâmetro proximal do ventrículo direito (coeficiente de correlação - CC 0,24; p = 0,03), diâmetro basal do ventrículo direito (CC 0,22; p = 0,04), diâmetro médio do ventrículo direito (CC 0,23; p = 0,04), diâmetro longitudinal do ventrículo direito (CC 0,28; p = 0,01), área do átrio direito (CC 0,40; p = 0,001) e volume do átrio direito (CC 0,24; p = 0,0006). Conclusão: As médias dos diâmetros ventriculares, área e volume atriais direitos foram menores no sexo feminino. Foi encontrada correlação positiva destes parâmetros com o índice de massa corporal e a superfície corporal. Os valores da excursão sistólica do anel valvar tricúspide e S' não foram influenciados por sexo, índice de massa corporal e superfície corporal.


Introduction: Assessment of right chambers dimensions and function according to gender, age, body surface area and body mass index is not uniformly performed. Objective: To evaluate, by transthoracic echocardiography dimensions and function of right chambers, according to gender, body surface area and body mass index in an outpatient population. Method: Cross-sectional study. Eighty-one patients were selected, 60.4 ± 13.5 years (57 women, 70%). Parameters assessed were the following: proximal, basal, medium and longitudinal, right ventricle diameter; right atrium area and right atrium volume; right ventricle wall thickness; tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; and tricuspid annulus tissue Doppler and S' wave. Results: Female sex presented lower diameters (Student's t-test) of proximal right ventricle diameter (20.6 mm ± 2.4 vs. 22.7 mm ± 2.2; p = 0.001), basal right ventricle diameter (34,4 mm ± 3,5 vs. 38,2 mm ± 4,8; p <0.001), medium right ventricle diameter (27 mm ± 3.3 vs. 32.4 mm ± 4.9; p <0.001), right atrium area (13.7 cm² ± 2.7 vs. 16.6 cm² ± 3.9; p = 0.002) and right atrium volume (37 mL ± 10.6 vs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Tricuspid Valve/anatomy & histology , Heart Atria/anatomy & histology , Heart Ventricles/anatomy & histology , Body Surface Area , Echocardiography , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(4): 318-30, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024061

ABSTRACT

A doença pulmonar hipertensiva pode ser definida como um conjunto de alterações fisiopatológicas pulmonares que resultam em uma patologia grave, progressiva e com alta morbimortalidade. O ecocardiograma transtorácico é um método de imagem de fácil acesso e essencial para avaliação desta doença, principalmente na faixa pediátrica, na qual há limitações para realização frequente e de rotina do cateterismo direito. Nesta revisão, abordaremos as principais técnicas ecocardiográficas para o diagnóstico e a avaliação hemodinâmica da hipertensão pulmonar na população pediátrica. O diagnóstico precoce e o adequado estadiamento no acompanhamento das intervenções clínicas são fundamentais para escolha assertiva da abordagem terapêutica e, consequentemente, melhora do desfecho clínico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pediatrics , Echocardiography/methods , Child , Hypertension, Pulmonary/mortality , Pulmonary Artery , Tricuspid Valve , Vena Cava, Inferior , Cardiac Catheterization , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Heart Atria , Heart Ventricles
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 511-516, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042045

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. Results: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. Conclusion: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Ebstein Anomaly/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Reoperation/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Ebstein Anomaly/complications , Ebstein Anomaly/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality
14.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(2): 262-265, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013780

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O traumatismo cardíaco é comum em acidentes com veículos automotores. Uma mulher com 50 anos de idade foi transportada para nosso hospital após sofrer múltiplos traumatismos em um acidente de automóvel quando dirigia em alta velocidade. Após admissão à unidade de terapia intensiva, uma ultrassonografia cardíaca revelou ruptura traumática de músculo papilar da valva tricúspide e forame oval patente, enquanto se observou, no exame físico, o sinal de Lancisi. Foi realizado tratamento cirúrgico com anuloplastia da valva e fechamento do forame oval patente; durante o ato cirúrgico, diagnosticou-se ruptura oculta do átrio direito.


ABSTRACT Cardiac trauma often occurs in motor vehicle accidents. A 50-year-old female driver was transported to our hospital with multiple trauma after a high-speed car accident. After admission to the intensive care unit, cardiac ultrasound examination revealed traumatic tricuspid valve papillary muscle rupture and patent foramen ovale, while Lancisi's sign was noted on physical examination. Surgical treatment was performed with valve annuloplasty and closure of the patent foramen ovale and a covert right atrial defect that was detected intraoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillary Muscles/injuries , Tricuspid Valve/injuries , Foramen Ovale, Patent/etiology , Heart Atria/surgery , Papillary Muscles/surgery , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Accidents, Traffic , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Foramen Ovale, Patent/diagnosis , Cardiac Valve Annuloplasty/methods , Heart Atria/injuries , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnosis , Heart Injuries/etiology , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 26(2): 107-110, mar.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058392

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se hizo ablación tridimensional de aleteo auricular, dependiente del istmo cavotricuspídeo, en un paciente con cirugía previa de válvula tricúspide. El uso de ecocardiografía intracardiaca permitió identificar una estructura sacular en el aspecto septal del istmo. Después de la ablación en este punto, el aleteo terminó y se confirmó bloqueo bidireccional. Este reporte sugiere, además, que el miocardio auricular ligado al anillo valvular, sirve como vía de conducción crítica del aleteo auricular.


Abstract A three-dimensional ablation of an atrial flutter, dependent on the cavo-tricuspid isthmus, was performed on a patient with previous tricuspid valve surgery. The use of intracardiac echocardiography enabled a saccular structure to be identified in the septal aspect of the isthmus. After the ablation in this point, the flutter stopped and a two-directional block was confirmed. This report suggests, furthermore, that the atrial myocardium together with the valvular ring, serves as a critical conduction pathway of the atrial flutter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Atrial Flutter , Tricuspid Valve , Echocardiography , Myocardium
16.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 89(1): 51-54, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038476

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to present a valve-in-valve (ViV) case and a step-by-step guideline on how to perform this procedure. Methods: A 51-year-old female with a history of rheumatic heart disease and tricuspid valve replacement presented functional class deterioration, a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) revealed prosthetic dysfunction due to thrombosis; therefore, a valvular replacement with a 27 mm bioprosthesis (Carpentier-Edwards Perimount) was performed without complication. 3 years after the procedure, the patients presented functional class deterioration (NYHA-III) with tricuspid dysfunction by TEE and the heart team decided to perform a transcatheter tricuspid ViV replacement.


Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un caso clínico de un paciente en el cual se realizó el procedimiento valve-in-valve (ViV) en la válvula tricúspide junto con una guía de cómo llevar a cabo este procedimiento paso a paso. Metodología: Paciente femenino de 51 años de edad con antecedente de Cardiopatía Reumática presenta deterioro en clase funcional encontrándose por ecocardiografía transesofágica (ETE) disfunción de válvula protésica tricúspide secundario a trombosis, se realiza recambio valvular con prótesis biológica 27 mm (Carpentier Edwards Perimount) sin complicación. 3 años después, presenta deterioro de la clase funcional (NYHA-III) y se evidencia en ETE disfunción protésica tricúspide por lo cual se decide realizar un reemplazo ViV tricúspide transcatéter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Practice Guidelines as Topic
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761837

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a female patient who underwent late reoperation following endocarditis surgery. The patient first underwent surgery at 22 years of age for endocarditis with aortic and tricuspid insufficiency. She underwent aortic root replacement with a homograft and tricuspid valve replacement with a tissue valve. Coronary artery bypass using the internal thoracic artery and ligation of the left main coronary artery were performed. Ten years later, failure of the homograft and the tricuspid valve developed. In the second operation, the patient underwent a successful Bentall operation and tricuspid valve replacement with a mechanical valve under deep hypothermia and retrograde cold cardioplegia without drainage.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Drainage , Endocarditis , Female , Heart Arrest, Induced , Humans , Hypothermia , Ligation , Mammary Arteries , Reoperation , Tricuspid Valve
20.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 37(2): 85-92, ago. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959345

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes la reparación de la insuficiencia tricuspídea funcional está indicada en casos de insuficiencia cardíaca, generalmente, asociada a enfermedades de las válvulas cardíacas izquierdas y en algunos casos de enfermedad coronaria o cardiopatías congénitas. Objetivo : evaluar los resultados a largo plazo de la reparación tricuspídea en pacientes operados en la región centro sur de Chile. Pacientes y métodos : estudio retrospectivo de registros clínicos y operatorios en 114 pacientes con edad promedio 57.8 (DE 13) años (72 mujeres) sometidos a reparación tricuspídea asociada a otros procedimientos quirúrgicos entre 2009 y 2017. Resultados : la etiología de la insuficiencia tricuspídea fue debida a enfermedad reumática inactiva en 45% y a endocarditis infecciosa en 2.6%. 63% estaban en fibrilación auricular y 75% en capacidad funcional NYHC III. 15.8% tenían cirugía valvular cardíaca previa. El ecocardiograma mostró insuficiencia severa en 56% de los casos y había hipertensión pulmonar severa en 39.5%. La cirugía consistió en la implantación de un anillo semi-rígido en forma concomitante a reemplazo o reparación de lesión valvular mitral, reemplazo valvular aórtico, cierre de comunicación interauricular, cirugía coronaria o resección de tumor intra cardíaco. La mortalidad post operatoria global fue 16%, debido a falla multisistémica en 6%, insuficiencia cardíaca en 5% y hemorragia cerebral en 4.3%. El seguimiento promedio fue 78.8 (DS 7.2) meses. La supervivencia actuarial fue 74% a los 60 y 68% a los 96 meses. Conclusión : La cirugía de reparación de la insuficiencia tricuspídea moderada o severa, asociada a otras enfermedades cardíacas provee una buena recuperación sintomática, con excelente sobrevida alejada.


Abstract Background : Surgery for functional tricuspid valve insufficiency is indicated in cases of congestive heart failure usually associated to left heart valve diseases or as a concomitant surgery for other causes such as congenital or coronary disease. Aim : To assess and report the long-term results of tricuspid valve repair in adult patients in a regional cardiac surgery center in south Chile. Patients and Methods : Retrospective review of clinical and operative records of 114 patients aged 57.8 +/- 13 years (72 women) subjected to tricuspid reparative surgery concomitant with other cardiac procedures between 2009 to 2017. Results : In 45% of cases etiology was due to inactive rheumatic disease and 2.6% was due to endocarditis. 63% presented with atrial fibrillation and 75% were in NYHC CFIII. 15.8% had a previous cardiac valve surgery. Preoperative echocardiography showed severe tricuspid insufficiency in 56% of cases and pulmonary hypertension was severe in 39.5%. In all cases tricuspid repair was performed through the insertion of a semi rigid ring as a concomitant procedure for mitral repair/replacement in most cases, aortic valve replacement, surgical closure of an ASD, CABG surgery and the resection of cardiac tumors. Overall postoperative mortality was 16% due to multi-organic dysfunction in 6%, cardiac failure in 5% and cerebral hemorrhage in 4.3%. Mean long term follow up was 78.8+/- 7.2 months. Actuarial survival was 74% at 60 and 68% at 96 months. Conclusion: Surgical tricuspid valve repair for moderate to severe tricuspid insufficiency isolated or associated to other cardiac diseases provides a good symptomatic recovery, with an excellent long term survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Cardiac Valve Annuloplasty/methods , Time Factors , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/mortality , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Cause of Death , Treatment Outcome , Cardiac Valve Annuloplasty/mortality
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