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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877671

ABSTRACT

Based on the modern anatomy and physiology, the referred pain of myofascial trigger points of each muscle is integrated; compared with the twelve meridians as well as conception vessel and governor vessel, the similarity of their position and running course is observed. With the current research progress of myofascial trigger points and fasciology, based on the running course of referred pain of trigger points, combined with fascia mechanics, nerve and vascular, the location of acupoints and meridians, as well as the relationship between acupoints and meridians, are discussed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Meridians , Muscles , Pain, Referred , Trigger Points
2.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): e164351, mai. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1122164

ABSTRACT

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) a is a painful condition related to myofascial trigger points (TP) in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to perform a literature review on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of MPS in veterinary medicine. The research sites used for this purpose were: Scientific Electronic Library, PubMed and Medline. The inclusion criteria for the papers were: must be written in English; published between 1990 and 2018; include the following keywords: myofascial pain syndrome veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine, trigger points veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine. Through the review, it was observed that veterinary clinical studies are scarce, and the articles found lack information such as MPS description, incidence and specific treatment techniques in dogs and horses, and no studies in cats were found.(AU)


Síndrome Dolorosa Miofascial (SDM) é uma condição dolorosa relacionada aos pontos gatilhos miofasciais (PG) no músculo esquelético. Este trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão bibliográfica sobre a etiologia, fisiopatogenia, diagnóstico e tratamento na medicina veterinária. Foram utilizados sites de pesquisas Scientific Electronic Library, Pubmed e Medline. Os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos foram: ser escrito em inglês; no período de 1990 a 2018; ter as palavras chaves para busca: myofascial pain syndrome veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/ horse/equine, trigger points veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine. Após a revisão observa-se que faltam estudos clínicos em medicina veterinária, sendo que os artigos encontrados se limitam à descrição, incidência e técnicas pontuais em cães e equinos, não sendo encontradas referencias em felinos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Trigger Points , Horses , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/history , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/veterinary
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 578-584, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058322

ABSTRACT

Resumen La migraña afecta a un porcentaje importante de la población y los síntomas pueden interferir con calidad de vida de manera importante. A pesar de los avances en el manejo médico, existe una proporción de pacientes que no responden adecuadamente a la intervención farmacológica. En los últimos años, se han planteado nuevos enfoques en el tratamiento de la migraña. Éstos se basan en la teoría que ramas sensoriales extracraneales del trigémino y de los nervios espinales cervicales pueden irritarse, atraparse o comprimirse en algún punto a lo largo de su trayecto, generándose una cascada de eventos fisiológicos que finalmente resulta en la migraña. Se ha demostrado que la inyección diagnóstica y terapéutica de toxina botulínica y la descompresión quirúrgica de estos puntos gatillos reducen o eliminan las migrañas en pacientes que no responden adecuadamente a la intervención farmacológica y siguen sintomáticos. La evidencia que respalda la eficacia y seguridad de la descompresión quirúrgica de los puntos de gatillos periféricos se está acumulando rápidamente, y la tasa de éxito general de la cirugía se acerca a 90%. Este trabajo revisa la evidencia clínica y pretende proporcionar un artículo sobre el estado actual de la técnica en el tratamiento quirúrgico de las migrañas.


Migraine headaches affect a significant percentage of the population and the symptoms can interfere with quality of life in an important way. Despite advances in medical management, there is a proportion of patients who do not respond adequately to the pharmacological intervention. In recent years, new approaches have been proposed in the treatment of migraine. These are based on the theory that extracranial sensory branches of the trigeminal and cervical spinal nerves can become irritated, trapped or compressed at some point along their path, generating a cascade of physiological events that ultimately results in migraine. It has been shown that the diagnostic and therapeutic injection of botulinum toxin and the surgical decompression of these trigger points reduce or eliminate migraines in patients who do not respond adequately to the pharmacological intervention and remain symptomatic. The evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of surgical decompression of peripheral trigger points is rapidly accumulating, and the overall success rate of surgery approaches 90%. This paper reviews the clinical evidence and aims to provide an article on the current state of the art in the surgical treatment of migraines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Migraine Disorders/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Trigger Points/surgery , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy
4.
Fisioter. Bras ; 20(2): 185-195, Maio 1, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281144

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A contratura muscular ocorre quando o músculo se contrai de maneira incorreta e não volta ao seu estado normal de relaxamento, em resposta a uma sobrecarga de esforço. Objetivos: Comparou-se a utilização de duas técnicas e os benefícios proporcionados ao tratamento dos pacientes acometidos com contratura do músculo trapézio superior. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo transversal, intervencionista, comparativo e quantitativo no período de agosto de 2015 a junho de 2016, com 49 acadêmicos, que foram divididos em dois grupos (G1/G2). Os dados foram obtidos através da ficha de avaliação cinético-funcional desenvolvida para o estudo, que foi aplicada antes e ao término do tratamento fisioterapêutico, Escala dos Sintomas de Dyrek e Escala Visual Analógica. Resultados: Dos 49 acadêmicos, 80% eram do sexo feminino, sendo 95% solteiras, todos naturais de Fortaleza, todos cursando o ensino superior, com média de idade de 23,33 anos. No G1 (Compressão isquêmica) antes da aplicação a maior predominância foi a de nível de dor 7 e logo depois da aplicação o nível de maior predominância foi de dor 2, conforme Escala Visual Analógica. No G2 (Laserterapia) o nível de dor antes da aplicação foi de 7 e logo depois da aplicação, foi de dor 1 conforme Escala Visual Analógica. Conclusão: As técnicas de Laserterapia e a Compressão Isquêmica melhoraram o aporte sanguíneo da área tratada, porém na laserterapia houve a diminuição do limiar de dor e restabelecimento da normalidade funcional local. (AU)


Introduction: Muscle contracture occurs when the muscle contracts incorrectly and does not return to its normal state of relaxation in response to effort overload. Objectives: We compared the use of two techniques and the benefits provided to the treatment of patients with upper trapezius contracture. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, interventional, comparative and quantitative study between August 2015 and June 2016, with 49 academics divided into two groups (G1/G2). The data were obtained through the functional kinetic evaluation sheet developed for the study, which was applied before and at the end of the physiotherapeutic treatment, Dyrek Symptom Scale and Visual Analog Scale. Results: Of the 49 students, 80% were female, 95% single, all of them from Fortaleza/CE, all of them attending higher education, with a mean age of 23.33 years. In G1 (Ischemic Compression), before the application, the greatest predominance was pain level 7 and soon after the application the greater predominance was level pain 2, according to Visual Analog Scale. In G2 (Laser Therapy) the level of pain before the application was 7 and soon after the application was level pain 1 according to Visual Analog Scale. Conclusion: Laser therapy and ischemic compression improved the blood supply of the treated area, and laser therapy decreased th pain threshold and restored the local functional normality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutic Uses , Superficial Back Muscles , Lasers , Pain , Physical Therapy Modalities , Contracture , Laser Therapy , Trigger Points
5.
Clinics ; 74: e905, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Poststroke shoulder pain occurs very frequently and compromises function and quality of life. Because treatment depends on a multidisciplinary approach, it is desirable to optimize effectiveness. Myofascial pain syndrome is defined by the presence of trigger points that can also be found in spastic stroke patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of myofascial pain in the shoulder girdle muscles in patients with poststroke shoulder pain and to document the clinical and functional results obtained with specific treatment for this condition. METHODS: Spastic stroke hemiplegic patients undergoing rehabilitation at the Rehabilitation Center of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School of the University of São Paulo were evaluated regarding the intensity and characteristics of shoulder pain, previous therapeutic interventions, shoulder goniometry and the presence of trigger points. Patients underwent trigger point blockade by intramuscular infiltration of 1% lidocaine. The evaluation and treatment procedures were repeated in the subsequent 3 weeks as long as the pain intensity was greater than 5 on a visual analog scale (VAS). In the fourth week, the evaluation procedures were repeated. Patients who were in a multiprofessional rehabilitation program were instructed to continue the treatment, and the others received complementary therapeutic advice if necessary to initiate it. The evaluations were performed at 0, 1, and 3 weeks and after 4 months. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (13 men; age=67.8±10.2 years; right hemiparesis: 11) participated in the study, and there was a reduction in pain assessed by VAS from baseline (7.6±2.7) to the first week (5.8±3.6; p<0.05) through the end of the third week (5.2±3.5; p<0.05), but not at the end of four months (6.6±2.9; p=0.11). Good responders had significantly lower pain levels after the third week and presented with a larger range of motion for passive abduction by the end of 4 months. These results demonstrate that the myofascial component of pain should be considered in poststroke shoulder pain and that its treatment may be a pathway for the rapid and long-lasting relief of symptoms. CONCLUSION: Trigger point blockade with lidocaine can reduce pain perception in spastic hemiplegic shoulder in as much as 50% of stroke survivors for four months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder Pain/drug therapy , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Pain/etiology , Stroke/complications , Trigger Points , Hemiplegia/etiology , Hemiplegia/drug therapy , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/etiology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759821

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that in 62.5% of cases of incurable cancer pain, the complaint is due to myofascial pain syndrome. Trigger point injections using dibucaine hydrochloride help patients with such cancer pain. This study evaluated the efficacy of trigger point injections for alleviating pain in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: Twenty patients with advanced cancer who had a life expectancy of 6 months or less and had been diagnosed with myofascial pain syndrome were treated with trigger point injections. Prior to treatment, a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to measure the resting pain level and discomfort upon application of pressure on the site of pain. These values were compared with last treatment measurements. RESULTS: The mean pre-treatment VAS scores for pain at rest and upon application of pressure on the pain site were 7.3 and 9.0, respectively. These scores decreased significantly to 1.95 and 3.2, respectively, after the treatment (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Trigger point injection is an alternative and effective pain control modality for advanced cancer patients with myofascial pain syndrome.


Subject(s)
Dibucaine , Humans , Life Expectancy , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Trigger Points , Visual Analog Scale
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the establishment of a rat model of trigger point, this study was to intervene with warm acupuncture, and to evaluate the effect on pathological morphology and pain-induced inflammation of the rat model by microscopic pathology and microdialysis.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four SD rats were randomly divided into group A (blank control), group B (model control) and group C (model and intervention control). Groups A and B were divided into 3 groups (A0, A1, A2 and B0, B1, B2), the group C was divided into 2 groups (C1 and C2). The MTrPs model was established in both groups B and C, warm acupuncture intervention were given to the C1 group for 7 days and the C2 group for 15 days. Rats were sacrificed in batches. MTrPs were locally sampled and stained with hematoxylin-eosin after the preparation. The pathological changes were observed under light microscopy. The iocal interleukin-1β and prostaglandin E2 were detected by microdialysis technique.@*RESULTS@#Microscopically, the muscle fibers of the model were arranged disorderly, broken, twisted, local fibrosis, contracture thickening and so on; macrophage and other inflammatory cell invasion in local area and a large area of adhesion occurred on the contracture nodule, the pathological state of local muscle fibers was significantly improved after warm needle intervention, local microvascular formation and maturation, local muscle fiber repair. After successful modeling, the amount of interleukin-1β and prostaglandin E2 in group B0 was significantly higher than that in group A0 before warm needle intervention (0.05). Group C1 and B1 were significantly higher than group A1 (<0.01); warm needle intervention for 15 days, the amount of interleukin-1β and prostaglandin E2 in group C2 were lower than those in group B2 (<0.05), but those in group C2 and B2 were significantly higher than group A2 (<0.01), and the amount of interleukin-1β and prostaglandin E2 in group C2 was lower than group C1 (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modeling method of exercise combined hitting used in this study was proved to be effective by histopathology; warm acupuncture can improve the pathological and inflammatory state of local muscle fiber in myofascial pain trigger of rat, promote local microvascular formation and maturation, and help the trigger point local muscle fiber repair.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Inflammation Mediators , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Trigger Points
8.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 13(40): 1-9, jan.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-969413

ABSTRACT

A síndrome da dor miofascial (SDM) é causa de dor e limitações, sendo bastante prevalente na população. Seu diagnóstico se dá pela apresentação clínica e exame físico, sendo a dor no local o principal sintoma, que conta com uma irradiação característica conforme o músculo acometido. Devido a esta irradiação, a condição pode mimetizar outras situações clínicas comuns e deve ser lembrada como diagnóstico diferencial. Sua identificação e tratamento podem ser feitos de forma simples e o profissional da atenção primária está apto a realizá-los, no entanto, ainda é muito negligenciada, por ser condição pouco estudada. Seu tratamento inclui fármacos, mudanças de estilo de vida, técnicas de fisioterapia e de agulhamento, sendo que este pode ser a seco ou com injeção de substâncias. O agulhamento com infiltração anestésica parece ser técnica eficaz na desativação de pontos-gatilho musculares e aparenta ser superior às demais em alguns estudos, com a vantagem de ser menos doloroso em sua realização. O objetivo deste estudo é realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a SDM, levando em conta o quadro clínico, o diagnóstico e o tratamento, retratando resultados com diversas técnicas de agulhamento e comparando-as entre si e com demais técnicas.


Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) causes pain and limitations, being quite prevalent in the population. The diagnosis is due to the clinical presentation and physical examination, being the local pain the main symptom, which counts with a characteristic irradiation according to the affected muscle. Due to this irradiation, the condition may mimic other common clinical situations and should be remembered as a differential diagnosis. Its identification and treatment can be done in a simple way and the primary care professional is able to perform them, however, it is still neglected, being a poorly studied condition. Treatment includes drugs, lifestyle changes, physiotherapy and needling techniques, which can be dry or injected. Needling with anesthetic infiltration seems to be an effective technique in the deactivation of muscle trigger points and seems to be superior to others in some studies, with the advantage of being less painful in its accomplishment. The objective of this study is to perform a literature review on MPS, taking into account the clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment, portraying results with several needling techniques and comparing them with each other and with other techniques.


El síndrome del dolor miofascial (SDM) es causa de dolor y limitaciones, siendo bastante prevalente en la población. Su diagnóstico se da por la presentación clínica y examen físico, siendo el dolor en el lugar el principal síntoma, que cuenta con una irradiación característica conforme el músculo acometido. Debido a esta irradiación, la condición puede mimetizar otras situaciones clínicas comunes y se debe recordarla como diagnóstico diferencial. Su identificación y tratamiento se pueden hacer de forma sencilla y el profesional de la atención primaria es capaz de realizarlos, sin embargo, todavía es muy descuidada, por ser una condición poco estudiada. El tratamiento incluye fármacos, cambios de estilo de vida, técnicas de fisioterapia y de aguja, siendo que éste puede ser en seco o con inyección de sustancias. El punzonado con infiltración anestésica parece ser técnica eficaz en la desactivación de puntos-gatillo musculares y parece ser superior a las demás en algunos estudios, con la ventaja de ser menos doloroso en su realización. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre la SDM, teniendo en cuenta el cuadro clínico, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento, retratando resultados con diversas técnicas de punzonado y comparándolas entre sí y con otras técnicas.


Subject(s)
Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Trigger Points , Pain Management , Injections , Acupuncture , Physical Therapy Specialty , Saline Solution , Lidocaine
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170578, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954514

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in patients with articular disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and to identify which clinical variables are associated with the concomitant presence of DDWR and MTrPs. Material and Methods 130 patients were selected that sought treatment due to joint pain, with ages ≥18 years, of both genders, with DDWR confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The sample was divided into two groups: Group 1, patients with DDWR and MTrPs (N=101); and Group 2, patients with DDWR and no MTrPs (N=29). Information on gender, age, pain duration, pain scores, and maximal interincisal distance (MID) were collected. The logistic regression model was used and the odds ratios (OR) was calculated (p<0.05). Results Group 1 presented statistically significant higher mean pain scores (p=0.007), and smaller MID (p=0.0268) than Group 2. OR were significant for the pain scores (1.429), MID (0.937) and gender (women) (2.810). Conclusions Patients with DDWR and MTrPs had increased pain scores and a MID decrease compared to patients with DDWR and no MTrPs. The variables pain scores, MID, and gender (women) showed a significant association with the concomitant presence of DDWR and MTrPs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Temporal Muscle/physiopathology , Joint Dislocations/physiopathology , Trigger Points/physiopathology , Reference Values , Pain Measurement , Facial Pain/physiopathology , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Joint Dislocations/therapy , Superficial Back Muscles/physiopathology , Masseter Muscle/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Neck Muscles/physiopathology
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(6): 632-636, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897773

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vaginismus is a poorly understood disorder, characterized by an involuntary muscular spasm of the pelvic floor muscles and outer third of the vagina during intercourse attempt, which results in aversion to penetration. It is reported to affect 1-7% of women worldwide. With this report the authors aim to describe the case of a young patient with vaginismus in whom techniques usually from the chronic pain domain were used as part of her multimodal therapeutic regimen.


Resumo O vaginismo é uma doença pouco compreendida que se caracteriza por uma contração muscular involuntária dos músculos do pavimento pélvico e do terço externo da vagina durante as tentativas de intercurso sexual, o que resulta em aversão à penetração. Estima-se que possa afetar entre 1%-7% da população feminina mundial. Com este relato os autores pretendem apresentar o caso de uma paciente jovem com vaginismo na qual foram usadas técnicas habitualmente do domínio da medicina da dor crônica como parte do seu esquema terapêutico multimodal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Clonidine/administration & dosage , Vaginismus , Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment , Ropivacaine/administration & dosage , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Combined Modality Therapy , Trigger Points , Pudendal Nerve , Anesthesia, Local
13.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(1): 37-44, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844204

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Secondary hyperalgesia in individuals with less severe levels of knee osteoarthritis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to measure the pressure pain threshold of individuals with mild or moderate knee osteoarthritis and compare with no osteoarthritis. Methods: Ten healthy controls and 30 individuals with mild or moderate knee osteoarthritis divided into two groups (unilateral and bilateral involvement) were included. Dermatomes in lumbar levels (L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5) and sacral level (S1 and S2), myotomes (vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, adductor longus, tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, iliacus, quadratus lumborum, and popliteus muscles), and sclerotomes in lumbar levels (L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L4, L4-L5 supraspinous ligaments), over the L5-S1 and S1-S2 sacral areas, pes anserinus bursae, and at the patellar tendon pressure pain threshold were assessed and compared between individuals with and without knee osteoarthritis. Results: Knee osteoarthritis groups (unilateral and bilateral) reported lower pressure pain threshold compared to the control group in most areas (dermatomes, myotomes, and sclerotomes). There were no between group differences in the supra-spinous ligaments and over the L5-S1 and S1-S2 sacral areas of the sclerotomes. No difference was seen between knee osteoarthritis. Conclusion: These findings suggest that individuals with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis had primary and secondary hyperalgesia, independent of unilateral or bilateral involvement. These results suggest that the pain have to be an assertive focus in the clinical practice, independent of the level of severity or involvement of knee osteoarthritis.


RESUMO Introdução: A ocorrência de hiperalgesia secundária em indivíduos com níveis menos graves de osteoartrite de joelho ainda é incerta. O objetivo deste estudo foi medir o limiar de dor à pressão (LDP) de indivíduos com osteoartrite de joelho (OAJ) leve ou moderada e comparar com indivíduos sem osteoartrite. Métodos: Foram incluídos 10 controles saudáveis e 30 indivíduos com OAJ leve ou moderada, divididos em dois grupos (envolvimento unilateral e bilateral). Foi avaliado e comparado o LDP em dermátomos (L1, L2, L3, L4, L5, S1 e S2), miótomos (músculos vasto medial, vasto lateral, reto femoral, adutor longo, tibial anterior, fibular longo, ilíaco, quadrado lombar e poplíteo) e esclerótomos (ligamentos supraespinais L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L4, L4-L5), sobre as áreas sacrais L5-S1 e S1-S2, bolsa anserina e tendão patelar entre os indivíduos com e sem OAJ. Resultados: Os grupos OAJ (unilateral e bilateral) relataram menor LDP em comparação com o grupo controle na maior parte das áreas (dermátomos, miótomos e esclerótomos). Não houve diferenças entre os grupos nos ligamentos supraespinais e ao longo das áreas sacrais L5-S1 e S1-S2 dos esclerótomos. Não foi observada qualquer diferença entre os indivíduos com OAJ. Conclusão: Esses achados sugerem que os indivíduos com OAJ leve a moderada tinham hiperalgesia primária e secundária, independentemente do acometimento unilateral ou bilateral. Esses resultados sugerem que a dor precisa ser um foco assertivo na prática clínica, independentemente do grau de gravidade ou envolvimento da OAJ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pressure/adverse effects , Pain Threshold/physiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Hyperalgesia/etiology , Knee/physiopathology , Health Surveys , Osteoarthritis, Knee/physiopathology , Disability Evaluation , Trigger Points , Hyperalgesia/physiopathology , Knee/innervation , Middle Aged
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 20(3): 151-157, 2017. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-868130

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o tratamento com agulhamento seco (AS) no músculo masseter dos pacientes diagnosticados com dor miofascial quanto à sintomatologia dolorosa e a abertura bucal (AB). Após cálculo amostral, foram selecionados 10 deles, diagnosticados com dor miofascial com ou sem limitação de abertura pelo Eixo I do RDC/TMD, que foram submetidos a seis sessões de AS uma vez por semana. A sintomatologia dolorosa foi determinada semanalmente através da Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), e foi mensurada a AB sem auxílio e sem dor e a AB máxima sem auxílio antes do início do tratamento, e uma semana após o fim do mesmo. Ambas as médias foram analisadas através do ANOVA. Todos eram do gênero feminino e a média de idade foi de 39,2 anos, com 8 (80%) possuindo diagnóstico de dor miofascial com limitação de abertura bucal e 2 (20%) com dor miofascial somente. A abertura sem auxílio e sem dor antes do tratamento era de 31,9 mm e passou para 36,2 mm, e a abertura máxima sem auxílio de 39,6 mm para 43,1 mm. Em ambas, porém, não foi possível encontrar significância estatística (p > 0,05). Quanto ao valor médio semanal da EVA, este passou de 8,3 antes do tratamento, para 2,3 uma semana após o mesmo, com resultados significativos estatísticamente (p < 0,05). No presente estudo, o AS no músculo masseter apresentou-se uma alternativa terapêutica no tratamento da dor miofascial.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment with dry needling (AS) in the masseter muscle of patients diagnosed with myofascial pain as the pain symptoms and the mouth opening (AB). After sample size calculation, we selected 10 patients referred for treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) diagnosed with MP, with or without limited mouth opening according to Axis I of the RDC/TMD, who underwent six DN sessions, once a week. Pain measurement using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and an evaluation of the extent of mouth opening were done. All participants were female and the average age was 39.2 years, with 8 (80%) having a diagnosis of myofascial pain with limited mouth opening and 2 (20%) with only myofascial pain. Maximum unaided opening without pain before treatment was 31.9 mm and went to 36.2 mm, and the maximum unaided opening went from 39.6 mm to 43.1 mm. In both, however, could not find statistical significance (p> 0.05). Regarding the mean weekly VAS value, this went from 8.3 before treatment to 2.3 a week later, with statistically significant results (p < 0.05). In this study, the AS in the masseter muscle presented is a therapeutic alternative in the treatment of myofascial pain.(AU


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Trigger Points
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To report the characteristics of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the infraspinatus muscle and evaluate the therapeutic effect of trigger-point injections. METHODS: Medical records of 297 patients (221 women; age, 53.9±11.3 years) with MTrPs in the infraspinatus muscle were reviewed retrospectively. Because there were 83 patients with MTrPs in both infraspinatus muscles, the characteristics of total 380 infraspinatus muscles with MTrPs (214 one side, 83 both sides) were investigated. Specific characteristics collected included chief complaint area, referred pain pattern, the number of local twitch responses, and distribution of MTrPs in the muscle. For statistical analysis, the paired t-test was used to compare a visual analogue scale (VAS) before and 2 weeks after the first injection. RESULTS: The most common chief complaint area of MTrPs in the infraspinatus muscle was the scapular area. The most common pattern of referred pain was the anterolateral aspect of the arm (above the elbow). Active MTrPs were multiple rather than single in the infraspinatus muscle. MTrPs were frequently in the center of the muscle. Trigger-point injection of the infraspinatus muscle significantly decreased the pain intensity. Mean VAS score decreased significantly after the first injection compared to the baseline (7.11 vs. 3.74; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Characteristics of MTrPs and the therapeutic effects of trigger-point injections of the infraspinatus muscle were assessed. These findings could provide clinicians with useful information in diagnosing and treating myofascial pain syndrome of the infraspinatus muscle.


Subject(s)
Arm , Female , Humans , Medical Records , Muscles , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Pain, Referred , Retrospective Studies , Therapeutic Uses , Trigger Points
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and trigger point injection (TPI) for the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum. METHODS: In a retrospective study at our institute, 30 patients with myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum were assigned to ESWT or TPI groups. We assessed ESWT and TPI treatment according to their affects on pain relief and disability improvement. The outcome measures for the pain assessment were a visual analogue scale score and pain pressure threshold. The outcome measures for the disability assessment were Oswestry Disability Index, Roles and Maudsley, and Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale scores. RESULTS: Both groups demonstrated statistically significant improvements in pain and disability measures after treatment. However, in comparing the treatments, we found ESWT to be more effective than TPI for pain relief. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups with respect to disability. CONCLUSION: Compared to TPI, ESWT showed superior results for pain relief. Thus, we consider ESWT as an effective treatment for myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Humans , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pain Measurement , Quebec , Retrospective Studies , Shock , Trigger Points
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646623

ABSTRACT

Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a rare form of mediastinal infection. Most cases are associated with esophageal rupture. DNM after a trigger point injection in the upper trapezius has not been described previously. We present a case of DNM after a trigger point injection in the upper trapezius. A 70-year-old man visited the emergency department with chest discomfort and fever after a trigger point injection in the left upper trapezius. Chest computed tomography showed evidence of DNM, and antibiotic therapy was immediately administered intravenously. Because of the risk of sudden death, poor prognosis due to underlying disease, and his age, he declined surgical treatment and died of septic shock. Although trigger point injections are generally considered safe, caution should be used in patients with an underlying disease or in the elderly. Early diagnosis, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and aggressive surgical management are essential to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Death, Sudden , Early Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fever , Humans , Mediastinitis , Prognosis , Rupture , Shock, Septic , Superficial Back Muscles , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Trigger Points
19.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2016; 26 (3): 234-237
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-177588

ABSTRACT

Use of early warning system scores and track-and-trigger charts is widespread in adult and paediatric hospitalized patients; but its use in neonatal group is not well recognized. The authors aimed to develop and implement neonatal observation track-and-trigger chart for use in babies on postnatal wards and to assess its efficacy in identifying neonates in need of urgent medical assessment and intervention. Core group developed Newborn Observation Track and Trigger [NOTT] chart for "At-Risk" and "At-High-Risk" Infants. A decision tree was devised based on 'low', 'medium' and 'high' scores. Sensitivity and specificity of NOTT chart's 'medium' and 'high' score was 96% and 90%, respectively. Positive and negative predictive value was 43% and 100%, respectively. NOTT chart is a valuable tool for assessment of neonates on postnatal wards. A prospective study, using large number of participants, would be beneficial to further corroborate this useful tool


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Trigger Points , Risk , Observation , Infant, Newborn
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287138

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide an evidence-based overview regarding the efficacy of Ashi points stimulation for the treatment of shoulder pain.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A comprehensive search [PubMed, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP) and Wanfang Database] was conducted to identify randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of Ashi points stimulation for shoulder pain compared with conventional treatment. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RevMan 5.0 was used for data synthesis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine trials were included. Seven studies assessed the effectiveness of Ashi points stimulation on response rate compared with conventional acupuncture. Their results suggested significant effect in favour of Ashi points stimulation [odds ratio (OR): 5.89, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.97 to 11.67, P<0.01, heterogeneity: χ(2) =3.81, P=0.70, I (2) =0% ]. One trial compared Ashi points stimulation with drug therapy. The result showed there was a significantly greater recovery rate in group of Ashi points stimulation (OR: 9.58, 95% CI: 2.69 to 34.12). One trial compared comprehensive treatment on the myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) with no treatment and the result was in favor of MTrPs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ashi points stimulation might be superior to conventional acupuncture, drug therapy and no treatment for shoulder pain. However, due to the low methodological quality of included studies, a firm conclusion could not be reached until further studies of high quality are available.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Publication Bias , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Risk Factors , Shoulder Pain , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Trigger Points
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