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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(10): e8491, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039254


Considering the recognized role of thyroid hormones on the cardiovascular system during health and disease, we hypothesized that type 2 deiodinase (D2) activity, the main activation pathway of thyroxine (T4)-to-triiodothyronine (T3), could be an important site to modulate thyroid hormone status, which would then constitute a possible target for β-adrenergic blocking agents in a myocardial infarction (MI) model induced by left coronary occlusion in rats. Despite a sustained and dramatic fall in serum T4 concentrations (60-70%), the serum T3 concentration fell only transiently in the first week post-infarction (53%) and returned to control levels at 8 and 12 weeks after surgery compared to the Sham group (P<0.05). Brown adipose tissue (BAT) D2 activity (fmol T4·min-1·mg ptn-1) was significantly increased by approximately 77% in the 8th week and approximately 100% in the 12th week in the MI group compared to that of the Sham group (P<0.05). Beta-blocker treatment (0.5 g/L propranolol given in the drinking water) maintained a low T3 state in MI animals, dampening both BAT D2 activity (44% reduction) and serum T3 (66% reduction in serum T3) compared to that of the non-treated MI group 12 weeks after surgery (P<0.05). Propranolol improved cardiac function (assessed by echocardiogram) in the MI group compared to the non-treated MI group by 40 and 57%, 1 and 12 weeks after treatment, respectively (P<0.05). Our data suggested that the beta-adrenergic pathway may contribute to BAT D2 hyperactivity and T3 normalization after MI in rats. Propranolol treatment maintained low T3 state and improved cardiac function additionally.

Animals , Male , Rats , Propranolol/administration & dosage , Thyroxine/blood , Adipose Tissue, Brown/metabolism , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/administration & dosage , Iodide Peroxidase/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Thyroxine/drug effects , Triiodothyronine/drug effects , Triiodothyronine/blood , Adipose Tissue, Brown/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Iodide Peroxidase/drug effects
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(6): 582-586, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827786


ABSTRACT Objective The current study was aimed at analyzing sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (Serca2) and ryanodine receptor type 2 (Ryr2) gene expression in rats subjected to surgery that induced HF and were subsequently treated with T4 using physiological doses. Materials and methods HF was induced in 18 male Wistar rats by clipping the ascending thoracic aorta to generate aortic stenosis (HFS group), while the control group (9-sham) underwent thoracotomy. After 21 weeks, the HFS group was subdivided into two subgroups. One group (9 Wistar rats) with HF received 1.0 µg of T4/100 g of body weight for five consecutive days (HFS/T4); the other group (9 Wistar rats) received isotonic saline solution (HFS/S). The animals were sacrificed after this treatment and examined for signs of HF. Samples from the left ventricles of these animals were analyzed by RT-qPCR for the expression of Serca2 and Ryr2 genes. Results Rats with HF developed euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) and treatment with T4 restored the T3 values to the Sham level and increased Serca2 and Ryr2 gene expression, thereby demonstrating a possible benefit of T4 treatment for heart function in ESS associated with HF. Conclusion The T4 treatment can potentially normalize the levels of T3 as well elevated Serca2 and Ryr2 gene expression in the myocardium in heart failure rats with euthyroid sick syndrome.

Animals , Male , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/drug therapy , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/drug effects , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Triiodothyronine/drug effects , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/complications , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Gene Expression/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics , Models, Animal , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Heart Failure/complications
Medical Forum Monthly. 2013; 24 (1): 44-48
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-146715


To determine the frequency of thyroid dysfunction in patients of chronic hepatitis C during treatment with interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin therapy. A cohort study. Hepatitis Centre Ghulam Mohammad Mahar Medical College Hospital, Sukkur, from February 2009 to January 2010. One hundred and sixty seven non-cirrhotic chronic hepatitis C patients were grouped into treatment group [n=107] and control group [n=60] awaiting treatment. Baseline serum [s.] Alanine Transferase [ALT] and S. Aspartate Transferase [AST] were measured by IFCC method. Serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone [S. TSH], serum free thyroxine [S. Free T4] and serum total triiodothyronine [S.T3] level were determined by chemiluminescence. Study group patients underwent 24 weeks IFN and ribavirin therapy and were followed-up for thyroid dysfunction at weeks 0, 12 and 24. Control group patients underwent the same tests at weeks 0, 12 and 24. Statistical analysis was done on SPSS 15. Out of 107 patients of treatment group, 20 patients [18.69%] developed thyroid dysfunction. Females were at higher risk with Relative Risk [RR] of 11.25 and Attributable Risk [AR] of 91%. Hypothyroidism was more common than hyperthyroidism. Interferon-alpha and ribavirin therapy induces thyroid dysfunction in chronic hepatitis C patients. Hypothyroidism was more common. Females are at a higher risk of developing thyroid dysfunction

Humans , Male , Female , Thyroid Function Tests/drug effects , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Interferon-alpha , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Ribavirin , Drug Therapy, Combination/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Cohort Studies , Thyrotropin/drug effects , Thyroxine/drug effects , Triiodothyronine/drug effects
Clinics ; 61(4): 321-326, Aug. 2006. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-433360


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a ação dos estrogênios conjugados eqüinos e do tamoxifeno na histomorfologia da tireóide de ratas. MÉTODO: Estrogênios conjugados eqüinos são ministrados clinicamente como terapia estrogênica e contêm formulação complexa com muitos tipos de estrogênios que diminuem os sintomas da pós-menopausa. Trinta ratas adultas ooforectomizadas foram divididas aleatoriamente em três grupos: GI – veículo (propilenoglicol); GII - ECE 200 µg/Kg por dia; e GIII – TAM 1 mg/Kg por dia. Acrescentou-se ainda um grupo de 10 animais com os ovários intactos e tratados com veículo (GIV). Todos os animais foram tratados por gavagem durante 50 dias consecutivos, ao final foram coletadas amostras do sangue e a tireóide removida e processada para análise morfológica e imunohistoquímico para avaliar o PCNA. RESULTADOS: A maior altura das células foliculares foi observada nos animais tratados com ECE (14,90 ± 0,20 µm), TAM (14,90 ± 0,10 µm) e no grupo com ovários intactos (15,10 ± 0,50 µm), comparando-se aos controles ovariectomizados (GI) (9,90 ± 0,20 µm) (p<0,001). A maior área folicular foi detectada nos grupos tratados com ECE (2.225 ± 51 µm2) e com TAM (2.127 ± 67 µm2), comparado ao veículo (5.016 ± 53 µm2) em animais ooforectomizados. Os níveis de T4 e T3 nos grupos tratados com ECE, com TAM e no grupo com ovários intactos foram maiores do que no grupo tratado com veículo (p<0,001). O índice do PCNA no grupo tratado com veículo foi menor do que em todos os outros grupos. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos dados sugerem que a administração de ECE e TAM resulta em atividade proliferativa na tireóide.

Animals , Female , Rats , Estrogen Antagonists/pharmacology , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP)/pharmacology , Tamoxifen/pharmacology , Thyroid Gland/drug effects , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP)/antagonists & inhibitors , Immunochemistry , Ovariectomy , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Radioimmunoassay , Rats, Wistar , Thyroid Gland/cytology , Thyrotropin/blood , Thyrotropin/drug effects , Thyroxine/blood , Thyroxine/drug effects , Triiodothyronine/blood , Triiodothyronine/drug effects
Rev. bras. ciênc. morfol ; 10(2): 120-5, jul.-dez. 1993. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-168514


The thiyroid gland of rats, was studied under experimental conditions porvided by administration of several doses of lithium carbonate. It was noted a drug a cumulative effcct on the serum; and the decrease of T3 and T4 hormones in the blood, as well as, the red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit platelets and leukocytes; the diameter of the thy roid follicles, the size of the follicular cells and colloid droplets. On the othcr hand the stroma was invaded by of collagen fibers and blood capillaries.

Animals , Male , Rats , Thyroid Gland , Lithium Carbonate/pharmacology , Blood Platelets/drug effects , Leukocyte Count , Thyroid Gland/ultrastructure , Hemoglobins/drug effects , Microscopy, Electron , Rats, Wistar , Thyroxine/drug effects , Triiodothyronine/drug effects , Weight Gain/drug effects