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1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(4): 808-823, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343982

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo objetivou analisar a produção científica brasileira sobre a doença de Chagas a partir de publicações indexadas na base de dados Web of Science. Foram coletados e analisados os dados de 1.008 publicações no período entre 2006 e 2020. A interpretação dos dados permitiu identificar um expressivo crescimento da produção científica brasileira sobre a doença de Chagas e a abrangência da temática em periódicos internacionais. Contudo, há um enfoque nas áreas biomédicas do conhecimento com destaque para a Parasitologia e um diminuto número de investigações direcionadas às áreas da Saúde Pública, Ciências Sociais e Farmacêuticas. A bibliometria desvelou as lacunas ainda existentes na produção nacional e a necessidade de fortalecimento de políticas direcionadas a editais de pesquisa no país.


The present study aimed to analyze the Brazilian scientific production on Chagas disease from publications indexed in the Web of Science database. Data from 1,008 articles published between 2006 and 2020 were collected and analyzed. The interpretation of the data allowed the identification of an expressive growth of Brazilian scientific production on Chagas disease and comprehensiveness of the theme in international journals. However, there is a focus on the biomedical areas of knowledge with emphasis on Parasitology and a small number of investigations directed to the areas of Public Health, Social Sciences and Pharmaceuticals. The bibliometry revealed the gaps that still exist in the national production and the need to strengthen policies directed to research edicts in the country.


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la producción científica brasileña sobre la enfermedad de Chagas, a partir de las publicaciones indexadas en la base de datos Web of Science. Se recogieron y analizaron los datos de 1.008 artículos publicados entre 2006 y 2020. La interpretación de los datos permitió identificar un crecimiento expresivo de la producción científica brasileña sobre la enfermedad de Chagas y la amplitud del tema en las revistas internacionales. Sin embargo, hay un enfoque en las áreas biomédicas del conocimiento con énfasis en la Parasitología y un pequeño número de investigaciones dirigidas a las áreas de Salud Pública, Ciencias Sociales y Farmacéutica. La bibliometría reveló las lagunas que aún existen en la producción nacional y la necesidad de fortalecer las políticas dirigidas a los edictos de investigación en el país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Bibliometrics , Chagas Disease , Scientific and Technical Activities , Neglected Diseases , Parasitology , Tropical Medicine , Data Analysis
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(supl.2): 37-47, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355758

ABSTRACT

Resumen | La minería ha tenido una gran influencia en las sociedades humanas, permeando por igual las riquezas del suelo y la cultura, lo que ha tenido profundas implicaciones para los individuos dedicados a esta labor y para los lugares en los que se lleva a cabo. En el presente artículo, se describen las características socioculturales y de sanidad, así como las enfermedades más frecuentes en las minas de oro de Marmato (Caldas) durante el siglo XIX. Las precarias condiciones de salubridad y las enfermedades tropicales infecciosas persistieron en la población durante todo el siglo.


Abstract | Mining has had a great influence on human societies permeating the riches of the soil and culture in equal proportion. This has led to profound changes in the individuals dedicated to this work and the locations where it takes place. In this historical review, we describe the socio-cultural and health characteristics, as well as the diseases associated with gold mining in Marmato (Caldas) during the 19th century. Poor salubrity conditions and tropical and infectious diseases were constant during the whole century.


Subject(s)
Environmental Salubrity , History , Tropical Medicine , Mining , Occupational Diseases
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 808-816, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351055

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las enfermedades tropicales desatendidas (ETD) constituyen un conjunto de afecciones altamente prevalentes en regiones tropicales y subtropicales, asociadas a pobreza y subdesarrollo. Constituyen una verdadera crisis sanitaria, incapacitando y llevando a la muerte a millones de personas anualmente. Esto se ve potenciado por las dificultades socioeconómicas que cursan estos países, mayormente en vías de desa rrollo, lo cual repercute en la calidad de la asistencia sanitaria que pueden proveer a la población. La morbilidad de estas enfermedades se explica por la amplia afectación orgánica que generan. El aparato cardiovascular resulta particularmente afectado, lo que explica en gran medida la morbimortalidad de las ETD. En el presente artículo se revisan los aspectos fundamentales de un proyecto llevado a cabo por los Líderes Emergentes de la Sociedad Interamericana de Cardiología (SIAC), cubriendo diferentes aspectos del impacto sobre el aparato cardiovascular de las ETD: el Proyecto NET-Heart (del inglés, Neglected Tropical Diseases and other Infectious Diseases Affecting the Heart).


Abstract Neglected tropical diseases (NTD) are a group of diseases with high prevalence in tropical and subtropi cal countries. They are associated to poverty and underdevelopment. Due to its high morbimortality, these conditions are considered a health crisis. The impact of these diseases can be worsened by the poor socioeconomic status of the affected countries, most of them under-developed, which affects the health care provided to patients. The morbidity of these diseases is explained by the wide organic impairment that they produce. The cardiovascular system is par ticularly affected, which explains the high morbimortality of NTD. In this article, we review the key issues of a project elaborated by Emerging Leaders of the Interamerican Society of Cardiology (SIAC), about the cardiovascular impact of NTD: the NET-Heart Project (Neglected Tropical Diseases and other Infectious Diseases affecting the Heart).


Subject(s)
Humans , Tropical Medicine , Cardiovascular System , Neglected Diseases/epidemiology
5.
Más Vita ; 3(1): 7-17, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1253304

ABSTRACT

Uno de los principales problemas de los países tropicales son las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores. Entre ellas tenemos el dengue, zika y chikungunya, cuyo vector es un mosquito el Aedes aegyptiy Aedes albopictus. En el Ecuador, el dengue representa un problema prioritario en salud pública, desde el repunte del dengue en 1988 ha presentado varios ciclos epidémicos. Objetivo: Por lo anteriormente expuesto, se establece como objetivo de la investigación, caracterizar el brote de dengue que se presentó en el período Enero ­Febrero del año 2019, en barrios de la parroquia Esmeraldas, para evidenciar cuáles factores siguen recurrentes en la zona. Materiales y métodos: La investigación fue cuantitativa de corte transversal, descriptiva. La muestra fue no probabilística, los pacientes se presentaron de manera espontánea, se tomaron en cuenta variables como la edad, ocupación, síntomas, automedicación, tipo de medicamentos auto indicados, reinfección, viaje a zonas endémicas y condición de la vivienda. Las muestras fueron analizadas mediante prueba rápida Wondfo Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma test para NSI, IgG y IgM; en las instalaciones de la Escuela de Laboratorio Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Ecuador (PUCESE). Los datos fueron procesados en Excel y analizados mediante el programa estadístico SPSS. Resultados: Los resultados que se obtuvieron permitieron caracterizar este brote relacionando las distintas variables, encontrando que en la mayoría de los casos es DSSA, dengue sin síntomas alarma y que no distingue edad, sexo, ni ocupación en el contagio. También, se encontró que las personas se automedican, en su mayoría, tratándose con paracetamol cuando los síntomas leves permanecen más de 5 días y no acuden al médico. Conclusión: Estos resultados nos permitieron concluir que este brote no presentó ninguna característica relevante que lo diferencie de los anteriores y que los factores y causas se mantienen, las personas desconocen las causas y prevención del contagio con el virus(AU)


One of the main problem in tropical countries is vector-borne diseases. Among them, we have Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya, whose vector is a mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In Ecuador, dengue represents a priority problem in public health, since the dengue rebound in 1988 has presented several epidemic cycles. Objective: For the above reasons, the objective of the research is to characterize the outbreak of dengue that occurred in the period January-February 2019, in neighborhoods of the parish of Esmeraldas, to show which factors are still recurrent in the area. Materials and methods: The research was quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive. The sample was non-probabilistic, patients presented spontaneously, variables such as age, occupation, symptoms, self-medication, the type of self-prescribed medication, reinfection, travel to endemic areas and housing conditions were taken into account. Samples were analyzed by Wondfo Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma rapid test for NSI, IgG and IgM; at the facilities of the Clinical Laboratory School of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Ecuador (PUCESE). Data were processed in Excel and analyzed using SPSS statistical software. The results: The results obtained allowed us to characterize this outbreak by relating the different variables, finding that in most cases it is DSSA, dengue without alarm symptoms and that it does not distinguish between age, sex or occupation in the contagion. It was also found that most people self-medicate, treating themselves with paracetamol when mild symptoms last more than 5 days and do not go to the doctor. Conclusion: These results allowed us to conclude that this outbreak did not present any relevant characteristic that differentiates it from previous outbreaks and that the factors and causes remain the same, people are unaware of the causes and prevention of infection with the virus(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tropical Medicine , Communicable Diseases , Endemic Diseases , Dengue/epidemiology , Arboviruses , Public Health , Aedes
6.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(1): 283-292, mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154320

ABSTRACT

Abstract This work focuses on the scientific research conducted by women at Portugal's Institute of Tropical Medicine between 1943 and 1966. The Institute's scientific journal documents the participation of women in tropical medicine during this period. Their publications addressed a variety of subjects and resulted from research carried out in the metropolis as well as Portugal's overseas colonies. Most of the articles written by these women were are co-authored by their male colleagues, reflecting the incorporation of female researchers into scientific networks already established by men. This work in progress provides a starting point to lend visibility to a group of scientific actors who are practically absent from the historiography of tropical medicine.


Resumo O foco deste trabalho é a pesquisa científica realizada por mulheres no Instituto de Medicina Tropical, em Portugal, entre 1943 e 1966. O periódico científico do Instituto documenta a participação das mulheres na medicina tropical nesse período. Suas publicações abordavam uma diversidade de temas e resultaram de pesquisas realizadas na metrópole, bem como nas colônias ultramarinas de Portugal. A maioria dos artigos escritos por mulheres contava com a coautoria de seus colegas homens, refletindo a incorporação de pesquisadoras às redes científicas já estabelecidas por homens. Este trabalho em andamento representa um ponto de partida para dar visibilidade a um grupo de atores científicos que está praticamente ausente da historiografia da medicina tropical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , History, 20th Century , Tropical Medicine/history , Women/history , Biomedical Research/history , Academies and Institutes/history , Periodicals as Topic/history , Portugal , Science/history
8.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(4): 1125-1147, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142987

ABSTRACT

Resumo No início do século XX, alguns médicos portugueses foram à África estudar a chamada doença do sono. Entre eles estava Ayres Kopke, membro da primeira missão médica à África Ocidental Portuguesa. De regresso a Lisboa, o professor da Escola de Medicina Tropical continuou suas pesquisas, inclusive por meio da observação de doentes trazidos para a metrópole. Desde 1903, as repartições de saúde nas colônias estavam incumbidas de enviar doentes com determinadas patologias exóticas para o Hospital Colonial de Lisboa. Com base em documentos desse hospital, incluindo fotografias dos doentes, então chamados de hipnóticos, o artigo aborda a importância das experiências com humanos na metrópole para o avanço da medicina tropical durante o colonialismo.


Abstract At the start of the twentieth century, some Portuguese physicians traveled to Africa to study sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis). One was Ayres Kopke, a member of the first medical mission to Portuguese West Africa and professor at the School of Tropical Medicine. After returning to Lisbon, Kopke continued his research, which included observation of patients brought to the metropolis. Starting in 1903, health departments in the colonies were responsible for sending patients with certain exotic diseases to the Colonial Hospital of Lisbon. Based on documents from this hospital including photographs of patients (who at that time were called "hypnotics"), this article discusses the importance of human experiments in Lisbon for advances in tropical medicine during the colonial period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , History, 20th Century , Tropical Medicine/history , Trypanosomiasis, African/history , Colonialism/history , Medical Missions/history , Portugal , Africa, Western , Hospitals/history , Human Experimentation/history
9.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(4): 1097-1124, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142981

ABSTRACT

Abstract This review presents the 100-year history of the Martsinovsky Institute of Medical Parasitology and Tropical Medicine in Moscow, Russia, starting with its foundation and early activities, and also describes the impact of its leading scientists, some of whom became internationally known. The institute headed a network of nine tropical institutes in the various Soviet republics from the 1920s to 1990. The extensive body of literature on the history and research accomplishments of this institute has mainly been published in Russian; our goal here is to introduce these achievements and this expertise to the international scientific and medical community, focusing on malaria and leishmaniasis and the development of measures to control and monitor these diseases in the USSR.


Resumo O artigo analisa a história centenária do Instituto Martsinovsky de Parasitologia Médica e Medicina Tropical em Moscou, Rússia, desde sua fundação e primeiras atividades, e descreve a influência de seus principais cientistas, alguns dos quais viriam a conquistar renome internacional. O instituto liderou uma rede de nove institutos tropicais em diversas repúblicas soviéticas entre as décadas de 1920 e 1990. A vasta literatura sobre o trabalho de história e pesquisa desse instituto foi publicada sobretudo em russo; nosso objetivo aqui é apresentar esse trabalho e conhecimento à comunidade médica e científica internacional, concentrando-se na malária e na leishmaniose e no avanço de medidas de controle e monitoramento dessas doenças na URSS.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , Tropical Medicine/history , Leishmaniasis/history , Biomedical Research/history , Academies and Institutes/history , Malaria/history , Parasitology/education , Parasitology/history , USSR , Moscow
10.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(supl.1): 95-122, Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134089

ABSTRACT

Abstract The first autochthonous cases of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in the Americas were described in 1909, but visceral leishmaniasis only erupted as a public health problem in the region in 1934. Today Brazil is the country with the most cases of American tegumentary leishmaniasis, and alongside India has the highest incidence of visceral leishmaniasis. Knowledge production and efforts to control these diseases have mobilized health professionals, government agencies and institutions, international agencies, and rural and urban populations. My research addresses the exchange and cooperation networks they established, and uncertainties and controversial aspects when notable changes were made in the approach to the New World leishmaniases.


Resumo Os primeiros casos de leishmaniose cutânea e mucocutânea autóctones das Américas foram descritos em 1909, e em 1934 a leishmaniose visceral irrompeu como problema de saúde pública na região. O Brasil tem hoje o maior número de casos da leishmaniose tegumentar americana e, junto com a Índia, a mais elevada incidência de leishmaniose visceral. A produção de conhecimentos e os esforços para controlar essas doenças mobilizaram, em nível global, profissionais de saúde, populações urbanas e rurais, instituições governamentais e agências internacionais. Recuperam-se aqui alguns desses agrupamentos, redes de troca e cooperação, incertezas e polêmicas, identificando-se mudanças na abordagem das leishmanioses do Novo Mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , Public Health/history , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/history , Leishmania , Tropical Medicine/history , Americas/epidemiology , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/parasitology , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/prevention & control , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/epidemiology
11.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 72(2): e459, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149909

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El paludismo es una enfermedad febril aguda potencialmente mortal causada por parásitos que se transmiten al ser humano por la picadura de mosquitos del género Anopheles. Cuba logró eliminar la transmisión de esta enfermedad gracias a grandes esfuerzos encaminados a conseguirlo, por lo que es necesario adoptar una serie de medidas para evitar su reaparición, mediante la vigilancia y el Programa de Control Sanitario Internacional. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínicamente un grupo de pacientes con paludismo importado. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de 46 pacientes adultos con paludismo importado, ingresados en el Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí desde enero 2015 a diciembre 2016. Los datos fueron tomados de las historias clínicas. El análisis de las variables cualitativas fue expresado en tablas de frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino, con una edad media de 37,4 años. Entre los pacientes, 38 (82,6 por ciento) arribaron del continente africano, la mayoría de ellos de Angola (26,1 por ciento del total de casos). Fue significativa la relación existente entre el supuesto estado no inmune de los pacientes con la severidad del cuadro clínico y presencia de comorbilidades; así como la severidad del cuadro clínico con mayor parasitemia y la especie Plasmodium falciparum. La respuesta al tratamiento resultó excelente con los esquemas combinados utilizados a base de quinina y cloroquina según la especie. Conclusiones: La demora desde el arribo al ingreso hospitalario de los pacientes constituye un riesgo extraordinario para la reintroducción del paludismo en Cuba y para la vida de estos(AU)


Introduction: Malaria is an acute potentially fatal febrile disease caused by parasites transmitted to humans through the bite of mosquitoes from the genus Anopheles. Cuba succeeded in eliminating transmission of this disease thanks to great efforts geared to such an end. It is therefore necessary to take a number of measures aimed at preventing its re-emergence via surveillance and the International Health Control Program. Objective: Clinically characterize a group of patients with imported malaria. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of 46 adult patients with imported malaria admitted to Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute from January 2015 to December 2016. The data were collected from the patients' medical records. Results of the analysis of qualitative variables were transferred onto absolute and relative frequency tables. Results: Male patients prevailed, with a mean age of 37.4 years. Of the patients studied, 38 (82.6 percent) were from the African continent, most of them from Angola (26.1 percent of the total cases). A significant relationship was found between the supposed non-immune status of patients and the severity of the clinical status and the presence of comorbidities, as well as between the severity of the clinical status and greater parasitemia and the presence of the species Plasmodium falciparum. An excellent response was obtained to treatment with combined schemes based on quinine and chloroquine, depending on the species. Conclusions: Delay between arrival and hospital admittance of patients is an extraordinary risk for the reintroduction of malaria in Cuba and to the patients' lives(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tropical Medicine , National Policy of Health Surveillance , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Malaria, Falciparum/prevention & control , Cuba
13.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 85-88, jun 17, 2020. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358772

ABSTRACT

Introduction: the Zika Virus is a virus transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, which is of great medical importance because it causes numerous public health issues. Objective: describe the scenario of the number of probable cases of the Zika virus in the state of Rondônia from January 2016 to October 20, 2018, demonstrating the relationship between the evolutions of cases during the analyzed period with a climatic factor during the period (rainfall index). Methodology: the data collected for statistical analysis were acquired through epidemiological bulletins published by the Secretariat of Health Surveillance and by the Ministry of Health. The pluviometric data used in the study were acquired from the Meteorological Station of the Ouro Preto Experimental Station ­ ESTEX/OP (Comissão Executiva do Plano de Lavoura Cacaueira ­ CEPLAC/RO), located in the central region of the state of Rondônia. Results: the data showed a total of 1,107 probable cases of acute disease caused by the Zika virus in the period from January 2016 to October 20, 2018 in the state of Rondônia, with 89% of this total being recorded only in 2016, showing a relationship with the high rainfall rate that occurred in the same year in the state. Conclusion: after analysis, it is concluded that, there was a considerable number of probable cases of Zika Virus in the state of Rondônia, in addition, the data showed that during the analyzed period, there was a relationship between the evolution of new cases with the rainfall index in the region. Preventive measures must be adopted in order to minimize the number of new cases. The population's awareness of the mosquito's reproduction and development can be an alternative to be adopted by the public health sectors of the state.


Introdução: o Zika Vírus é um vírus transmitido pelo mosquito Aedes aegypti, que possui grande importância médica por causar inúmeros problemas de saúde pública. Objetivo: descrever o cenário do número de casos prováveis do vírus Zika no estado de Rondônia no período de janeiro de 2016 a 20 de outubro de 2018, demonstrando a relação entre a evolução dos casos durante o período analisado com um fator climático durante o período (índice pluviométrico). Metodologia: os dados coletados para análises estatísticas foram adquiridos através de boletins epidemiológicos publicados pela Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde e Ministério da Saúde. Os dados pluviométricos utilizados no estudo foram adquiridos junto à estação meteorológica da Comissão Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira ­ CEPLAC, localizado na região central do estado de Rondônia. Resultados: os dados demonstraram um total de 1.107 casos prováveis da doença aguda causada pelo Vírus Zika no período de janeiro de 2016 a 20 de outubro de 2018 no Estado de Rondônia, sendo 89% desse total registrado somente no ano de 2016, demostrando relação com o elevado índice pluviométrico ocorrido nesse mesmo ano no estado. Conclusão: após análise, conclui-se que, houve um número considerável de casos prováveis de Zika Vírus no estado de Rondônia, além disso, os dados mostraram que durante o período analisado, houve uma relação entre a evolução de novos casos com o índice pluviométrico na região. Medidas preventivas devem ser adotadas com o objetivo de minimizar o número de novos casos. A conscientização da população sobre a reprodução e desenvolvimento do mosquito pode ser uma alternativa a ser adotada pelos setores de saúde pública do estado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tropical Medicine , Public Health , Amazonian Ecosystem , Aedes , Zika Virus , Database
14.
Med. UIS ; 33(1): 67-72, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124987

ABSTRACT

Resumen La Ascariasis es la geohelminitiasis más común del mundo, catalogándose como una enfermedad tropical desatendida, que puede causar compromiso pulmonar, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliar y nutricional. Se presenta el caso inusual de una lactante procedente de una zona de extrema pobreza quien consultó por fiebre, vómito, ausencia de deposiciones, distensión y dolor abdominal. Fue diagnosticada con pseudoobstrucción intestinal, desnutrición severa, choque séptico de origen intraabdominal, retraso del neurodesarrollo y deprivación psicoafectiva, cuyas imágenes reportaron ascariasis hepatobiliar y granulomas hepáticos calcificados y abscedados, con infestación severa por Ascaris lumbricoides. Recibió manejo antibiótico y antiparasitario con recuperación exitosa. En nuestro medio, las infecciones por helmintos son causa frecuente de anemia, retraso cognitivo y del crecimiento en niños en edad escolar. Sin embargo, la infestación y complicaciones hepatobiliares como colangitis, colecistitis, pancreatitis, litiasis biliar y hepatitis abscedada son inusuales en menores de dos años. A través de este caso se pretende resaltar la presentación atípica de la enfermedad en lactantes e incitar al fortalecimiento de las intervenciones en salud pública. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(1):67-72.


Abstract Ascariasis is the most common geohelminitiasis in the world. It is categorized as an unattended tropical disease, which can cause pulmonary, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary and nutritional compromise. We present the unusual case of an infant from an extreme poverty area presenting fever, vomiting, absence of bowel movements, bloating and abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with intestinal pseudoobstruction, severe malnutrition, abdominal septic shock, neurodevelopmental delay and emotional deprivation. The images reported hepatobiliary ascariasis and calcified and abscessed hepatic granulomas, with severe infestation by Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura. She was treated with antibiotics and antiparasitic agents with successful recovery. In our environment, helminth infections are a frequent cause of anemia, stunting and neurodevelopmental delay in school-age children. However, infestation and hepatobiliary complications such as cholangitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, biliary lithiasis and hepatic abscess are unusual in children under two years old. Through this case, it is intended to highlight the atypical presentation of this disease at the age of this patient and encourage the strengthening of public health interventions. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(1):67-72.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Ascariasis , Biliary Tract Diseases , Ascaris lumbricoides , Poverty , Pulmonary Eosinophilia , Tropical Medicine , Trichuris , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Child Nutrition Disorders , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Malnutrition , Hepatomegaly , Anemia , Liver Abscess , Antiparasitic Agents
15.
Infectio ; 24(1): 7-7, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1090536

ABSTRACT

El Dr. Miguel Guzmán, pionero de la microbiología en Colombia falleció en el mes de Abril de 2019 y desde Infectio, de quien fue su fundador y primer editor, queremos rendirle un homenaje por su contribución al desarrollo de la investigación y la enseñanza de la microbiología médica, haciendo un resumen de su vida y obra.


Dr. Miguel Guzman, pioneer of microbiology in Colombia passed away in April 2019 and from Infectio, whose founder and first editor, we want to pay tribute to him for his contribution to the development of research and teaching of medical microbiology, making a summary of his life and work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Research Personnel , Faculty , Microbiology/history , Tropical Medicine , Communicable Diseases
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53(supl.1): e20200313, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136916

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present work analyses some particular aspects of Oswaldo Cruz's unique biography, valuing his work, which was built along a successful physician and scientist professional trajectory and also as a courageous and fortunate formulator of public health policies and of fight strategies against the epidemics that seasonally affected the city of Rio de Janeiro at the beginning of the 20th century. The authors also dwell on his legacy as Head scientist and manager of the Institute that bears his name and became the template for experimental research and medicine in Brazil and the bedrock of the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, one of the most important Brazilian Institutions devoted to teaching, research, development and production in health. This heritage made possible to overcome the existing dissensions between doctors and scientists to build a sanitary movement committed to the major health problems in Brazil. Finally, the paper explores some features of the character and reports some of his moments during his passage, as a Full Academician, at the Brazilian Academia Nacional de Medicina.


Subject(s)
History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Tropical Medicine/history , Public Health/history , Academies and Institutes/history , Brazil , Biomedical Research/history
19.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e200130, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1134570

ABSTRACT

Este artigo foi escrito a partir de um trabalho de perscrutação a jornais, relatórios e textos memorialísticos e objetiva oferecer um contributo historiográfico sobre a criação do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, sancionada em janeiro de 1959 após uma movimentação institucional liderada pelo professor Carlos da Silva Lacaz, seu primeiro diretor. Procura-se destacar aqui dois importantes eixos que contribuíram para a decisão em prover a capital paulista de um Instituto de Medicina Tropical: em primeiro lugar, a internacionalização da Medicina Tropical brasileira, nomeadamente sua relação com tropicalistas portugueses, consubstanciada com a ida de brasileiros - em especial, paulistas - aos institutos de Medicina Tropical na Europa e, em segundo lugar, a presença de endemias rurais no estado de São Paulo (Brasil), que começavam a tornar-se visíveis na capital em decorrência dos movimentos migratórios em direção à cidade.(AU)


This article was based on an examination of newspapers, reports, and memorial texts. It aims at offering a historiographical contribution about the creation of the Institute for Tropical Medicine (IMT, Instituto de Medicina Tropical), approved in January 1959 after an institutional movement led by Prof. Carlos da Silva Lacaz, who was also its first director. The objective is to highlight important factors that contributed to the decision of creating an institute of Tropical Medicine in the Brazilian city of São Paulo, capital of the state of São Paulo. The first of them was to internationalize the Brazilian Tropical Medicine, namely its relationship with Portuguese tropicalists that was consubstantiated with the migration of Brazilians, particularly from the city of São Paulo, to European institutes of Tropical Medicine. The presence of rural endemic diseases in the state, which were becoming increasingly visible in the capital due to migratory movements to the big city, also contributed to its creation.(AU)


Este artículo se escribió a partir de un trabajo de búsqueda en periódicos, informes y textos memorialísticos y tiene el objetivo de ofrecer una contribución historiográfica sobre la creación del Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, sancionada en enero de 1959 después de un movimiento institucional liderado por el profesor Carlos da Silva Lacaz, su primer director. Se busca destacar aquí dos ejes importantes que contribuyeron para la decisión de proporcionar a la capital del Estado de São Paulo un instituto de Medicina Tropical: en primer lugar, la internacionalización de la Medicina Tropical brasileña, principalmente su relación con tropicalistas portugueses, consubstanciada con la ida de brasileños, en especial del estado de São Paulo, a los institutos de medicina tropical en Europa y, en segundo lugar, la presencia de endemias rurales en el Estado de São Paulo (Brasil) que comenzaban a ser visibles en la capital debido a los movimientos migratorios hacia la ciudad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Tropical Medicine , Academies and Institutes/history , Brazil
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