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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e061, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249374

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Inflammatory periapical lesions are characterized by infiltration of different immune cell types, the functions of which depend on an effective vascular network. This study aimed to evaluate the mast cells density (MCD) in inflamatory odontogenic cysts capsules concerning microvascular density (MVD), microvascular area (MVA), and microvascular perimeter (MVP), and correlate such findings with the type of lesion, intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate, and thickness of the epithelial lining. Twenty inflamatory dentigerous cysts (IDCs), twenty radicular cysts (RCs), and twenty residual radicular cysts (RRCs) were submitted to immunohistochemical analysis using anti-tryptase and anti-CD34 antibodies. RCs exhibited the highest MCD, MVD, MVA, and MVP indexes (p = < 0.001, p = 0.008, p = 0.003 and p = < 0.001, respectively), and lesions with inflammatory infiltrate grade III showed the highest MVD (p = 0.044). Considering epithelial thickness, a higher MVP index was identified in lesions with hyperplastic epithelium (p = 0.018). In IDCs, RCs, and RRCs, a strong positive correlation was observed between MVA and MVP (r = 0.950 and p = < 0.001; r = 0.914 and p = < 0.001; r = 0.713 and p = < 0.001, respectively). In IDCs, a moderate correlation was observed between MCD and both MVA and MVP (r = 0.660 and p = 0.002; r = 0.634 and p = 0.003, respectively). These results suggest that tryptase-positive mast cells might play an important role in the angiogenic activity of IDCs, while RCs had the highest indexes. Our findings also confirmed that the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate and epithelial thickness influence angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Odontogenic Cysts , Radicular Cyst , Epithelium , Tryptases , Mast Cells
2.
Clinics ; 75: e1701, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Female sex, body mass index (BMI), and neuromuscular blocking agents are risk factors of perioperative hypersensitivity reactions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of rocuronium on serum tryptase concentrations during general anesthesia in overweight and obese women. METHODS: The study was conducted in two groups: Group I (n=66) underwent volatile anesthesia with rocuronium and group II (n=60) underwent volatile anesthesia without any muscle relaxant. Serum tryptase concentration (STC) measurements were performed at baseline (STC 0) and postoperatively (STC 1). ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04035707 RESULTS: The highest median value of STC 0 was seen in obese patients (3.44 μg L-1) and it was significantly higher than in overweight (p=0.01) and underweight patients (p=0.03). The maximum STC 0 was observed in overweight patients (20.4 μg L-1). In group I, STC 0 in obese patients presented the highest median value (4.49 μg L-1), and was significantly higher than in overweight patients (p=0.03), and had significantly higher STC 1 than patients with normal BMI (p=0.04). STC 0 and STC 1 in overweight and obese female patients did not differ significantly between groups. STC 1 did not correlate with rocuronium doses. In group I, BMI positively correlated with the duration of rocuronium infusion (rho=0.37) and STC 1 positively correlated with BMI (rho=0.32). CONCLUSION: Excess weight and obesity predispose to higher preoperative serum tryptase values. Postoperative STC is not linked to rocuronium doses. BMI is the main determinant factor of STC during combined volatile general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents , Rocuronium , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Tryptases , Androstanols/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a subset of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) with bone marrow (BM) involvement and an IgM monoclonal gammopathy of any level. We aimed to identify the clinical, laboratory, and BM findings of patients with WM and to evaluate the usefulness of CD154 for the diagnosis and prognosis of WM.METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and BM studies and/or flow cytometric immunotyping of 31 patients with untreated WM. Semiquantitative immunohistochemistry (CD20, CD138, tryptase, and CD154) of BM was performed.RESULTS: Only six patients presented with symptoms of hyperviscosity syndrome. Eleven patients had solid cancer and/or another hematologic malignancy. Mast cells (MC) increased in all samples, with some in close contact with tumor cells. Tryptase-positive MC (17.1/ high-power fields [HPF], 1.2–72.0/HPF) and CD154-positive MC (8.6/HPF, 0.1–31.1/HPF) were observed. The high CD154-positive MC (≥8.6/HPF) group showed a lower overall five-year survival rate than the low CD154-positive MC (<8.6/HPF) group (71.9% vs. 100.0%; P=0.012). Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of BM aspirates showed increased B lymphocytes and plasma cells with a normal phenotype (CD138⁺/CD38⁺/CD19⁺/CD45⁺/CD56⁻).CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one third of WM patients showed other malignancies and all patients had increased MC. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometric immunophenotyping are useful for diagnosing WM, and increased CD154-positive MC can indicate poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Lymphoma , Mast Cells , Medical Records , Paraproteinemias , Phenotype , Plasma Cells , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Tryptases , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811063

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Anaphylaxis is an immediate allergic reaction characterized by potentially life-threatening, severe, systemic manifestations. While studies have evaluated links between serious illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), few have investigated PTSD after anaphylaxis in adults. We sought to investigate the psychosocial burden of recent anaphylaxis in Korean adults.METHODS: A total of 203 (mean age of 44 years, 120 females) patients with anaphylaxis were recruited from 15 university hospitals in Korea. Questionnaires, including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised-Korean version (IES-R-K), the Korean version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (K-BAI), and the Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory (K-BDI), were administered. Demographic characteristics, causes and clinical features of anaphylaxis, and serum inflammatory markers, including tryptase, platelet-activating factor, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and C-reactive protein, were evaluated.RESULTS: PTSD (IES-R-K ≥ 25) was noted in 84 (41.4%) patients with anaphylaxis. Of them, 56.0% had severe PTSD (IES-R-K ≥ 40). Additionally, 23.2% and 28.1% of the patients had anxiety (K-BAI ≥ 22) and depression (K-BDI ≥ 17), respectively. IES-R-K was significantly correlated with both K-BAI (r = 0.609, P < 0.0001) and K-BDI (r = 0.550, P < 0.0001). Among the inflammatory mediators, tryptase levels were lower in patients exhibiting PTSD; meanwhile, platelet-activating factor levels were lower in patients exhibiting anxiety and depression while recovering from anaphylaxis. In multivariate analysis, K-BAI and K-BDI were identified as major predictive variables of PTSD in patients with anaphylaxis.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with anaphylaxis, we found a remarkably high prevalence of PTSD and associated psychological distresses, including anxiety and depression. Physicians ought to be aware of the potential for psychological distress in anaphylactic patients and to consider psychological evaluation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anaphylaxis , Anxiety , C-Reactive Protein , Depression , Hospitals, University , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-6 , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Necrosis , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Tryptases
5.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(2): 20-31, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001861

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms associated with signs and symptoms of tooth eruption, by investigating the presence of mast cells in pericoronal tissues during the intraosseous (Group 1) and submucosal (Group 2) phases of eruption. We compared findings for these two groups with each other and with those for the oral mucosa (Group 3). In each group, 14 specimens were analyzed microscopically after hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical analysis of c-Kit and tryptase expression. Results revealed that the number and density of mast cells is different in follicular tissues according to the eruption phase, which may mean that: 1) masticatory trauma of the oral mucosa and dental follicles in the submucosa may explain why reduced enamel epithelium exposes enamel to the cells of the connective tissue; 2) exposure of antigenic enamel proteins might correspond to the release of sequestered antigens, which may lead to the interaction of IgE and a greater number of mast cells in the region; and 3) the consequent degranulation and the local release of mediators, such as histamine, leukotrienes, prostaglandins, proteases, cytokines and growth factors, contribute to the understanding of signs and symptoms associated with tooth eruption.


Resumo Para contribuir com a compreensão dos mecanismos relacionados à sintomatologia e aos sinais associados à erupção dentária, investigou-se a presença de mastócitos nos tecidos pericoronários na fase intraóssea (Grupo 1) e submucosa (Grupo 2), comparando-os entre si e com a mucosa bucal (Grupo 3). Em cada grupo, 14 espécimes foram analisados microscopicamente em cortes corados com hematoxilina e eosina, e imunocitoquimicamente marcados com Ckit e Triptase. Pelos resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que a quantidade/densidade dos mastócitos é diferente nos tecidos foliculares de acordo com a fase de erupção, o que permite inferir que: 1) O traumatismo decorrente da mastigação sobre o conjunto "mucosa bucal com o folículo pericoronário na submucosa" pode explicar porque o epitélio reduzido exporia o esmalte às células do tecido conjuntivo; 2) A exposição das proteínas do esmalte com propriedades antigênicas corresponderia à liberação de antígenos sequestrados que levariam à interação de IgE e mastócitos em número aumentado na região; e 3) A consequente degranulação e liberação de mediadores no local, como histamina, leucotrienes, prostaglandinas, proteases, citocinas e fatores de crescimento, contribuem para a compreensão dos sinais e sintomatologia atribuídos à erupção dentária.


Subject(s)
Tooth Eruption , Mast Cells , Cell Count , Cytokines , Tryptases
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765971

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The epidemiology and pathogenesis of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) remain unclear in Asian countries. We investigated clinicopathological characteristics and diagnostic trends of EoE, and evaluated 3 tissue biomarkers for correlation with disease activity and treatment response in Korean patients with EoE. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 25 271 esophageal biopsies performed during upper endoscopies between 2006 and 2017. We diagnosed EoE based on ≥ 15 eosinophils/high-power field (HPF) and, symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. We performed immunohistochemical analysis for tryptase, eosinophilic derived neurotoxin (EDN), and eotaxin-3. RESULTS: We diagnosed EoE in 72 patients (53 men and 19 women; mean age, 46.2 years) with presenting symptoms of, dysphagia (15.3%), epigastric pain (31.9%), and heartburn (30.6%). The diagnostic rate of EoE considerably increased between 2006 and 2017, from 0.29 diagnoses to 7.99 diagnoses per 1000 esophageal biopsies (P < 0.001). The mean peak eosinophil count (PEC) was 56.0 (± 77.8)/HPF. Whereas the EDN (rho = 0.667, P < 0.001) and eotaxin-3 levels (rho = 0.465, P < 0.001) correlated with PEC, tryptase and PEC were weakly correlated (rho = 0.291, P = 0.013). EDN (rho = 0.279, P = 0.017), and tryptase (rho = 0.279, P = 0.033) correlated with the inflammatory score of Eosinophilic Esophagitis Endoscopic Reference Score. Immunohistochemical analysis and changes in tryptase, EDN, and eotaxin-3 levels were associated with histologic and endoscopic improvements. CONCLUSIONS: EoE incidence considerably increased during the 12-year period, regardless of endoscopic esophageal biopsy rate. Tryptase, EDN, and eotaxin-3 levels in esophageal biopsy specimens could be promising biomarkers for disease activity, symptom, and endoscopic response in Korea.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , Biopsy , Deglutition Disorders , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Eosinophilic Esophagitis , Eosinophils , Epidemiology , Esophagus , Female , Heartburn , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Retrospective Studies , Tryptases
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762191

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the frequency of eosinophilia-associated diseases and to search for possible markers that may be useful for their differential diagnosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 148 patients with peripheral blood eosinophil count of more than 500/µL who visited the Allergy Department of Chonnam National University Hospital for the first time from January to December 2016. Blood eosinophilia was categorized as mild (5,000/µL). RESULTS: Blood eosinophilia was mostly caused by allergic diseases (41.9%), parasitic infestation (23.6%), and drug allergy (19.6%). Eosinophil count was higher in patients with parasitic infestation (P<0.01), drug allergy (P<0.01), hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES, P<0.001), or eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, P<0.001) than in those with allergic diseases. The eosinophilic cationic protein level was higher in patients with HES than in those with allergic diseases (P<0.05) and parasitic infestation (P<0.05). The total IgE level was lower in patients with HES than in those with parasitic infestation (P<0.05) and EGPA (P<0.05). The vitamin B12 level was higher in patients with HES than in those with parasitic infestation (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in tryptase levels between the groups. The most common cause of mild eosinophilia was allergic diseases (59.8%), followed by parasitic infestation (22.7%) and drug allergy (13.4%). The common causes of moderate eosinophilia were drug allergy (37.8%), parasitic infestation (29.7%), and allergic diseases (10.8%). The common causes of severe eosinophilia were EGPA (28.6%), HES (21.4%), parasitic infestation (14.3%), and drug allergy (14.3%). CONCLUSION: Common causes of blood eosinophilia in patients who visit the allergy department are allergic diseases, parasitic infestation, and drug allergy. Several markers, including eosinophil count, total IgE, and vitamin B12, may be useful for the differential diagnosis of eosinophilia-associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Hypersensitivity , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Humans , Hypereosinophilic Syndrome , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Medical Records , Parasitic Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Tryptases , Vitamin B 12
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773654

ABSTRACT

The detection of drug-induced anaphylactoid reactions remains a global challenge,still lacking mature and reliable animal models or test methods. Therefore,the purpose of this paper is to explore and establish the test methods and evaluation standards for anaphylactoid reactions that apply to injection drugs. Based on the anaphylactoid reaction symptoms of mice induced by intravenous injection drugs C48/40 and Tween 80,a list of systemic anaphylactoid reaction symptoms in mice was sorted out and an evaluation standard of anaphylactoid reactions symptoms was established by applying symptom intensity coefficient K( that can represent these verity of anaphylactoid reaction symptoms) and its calculation formula Accordingly,histamine,tryptase,and Ig E were selected as blood indicators of anaphylactoid reactions,so that a test method combining symptoms evaluation and blood makers detection was established.This test method could be used to evaluate the characteristics of anaphylactoid reactions: coefficient K,blood histamine levels were highly and positively correlated with C48/80 and Tween 80 dose; The log value of histamine was highly and positively correlated with K; tryptase level may rise,or remain steady,or drop,possibly associated with the characteristics of the tested object and time for blood taking; and Ig E level would drop or remain steady,but it would not rise,which can be clearly distinguished from type I allergic reactions. On this basis,tiohexol,iopromide,paclitaxel,Xuesaitong Injection,Shuanghuanglian Injection and Shengmai Injection were used to investigate the applicability. The testing results showed a high degree of consistency with the actual clinical situation. The results suggest that the method of systemic anaphylaxis test in mice has high sensitivity,specificity and good consistency with clinical practice.It is suggested to be further validated and popularized.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Diagnosis , Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Histamine , Blood , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Injections, Intravenous , Mice , Shock , Diagnosis , Toxicity Tests , Tryptases , Blood
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785368

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES), a class of synthetic colloid solutions, has been widely used to treat perioperative hypovolemia. The use of HES, however, is associated with the risk of allergic reactions.CASE: An 83-year-old man was scheduled to undergo an open reduction and internal fixation of a pertrochanteric fracture under spinal anesthesia. He had no history of allergy. Five minutes after HES administration, hypotension, agitation, and skin rash were developed. HES infusion was terminated due to a suspected anaphylactic reaction. The vital signs recovered following administration of phenylephrine, dexamethasone, and hydrocortisone. Serum tryptase and total immunoglobulin E levels were elevated in plasma samples collected following the commencement of the allergic reaction during surgery.CONCLUSIONS: In the present report, the risk of anaphylactic reaction with HES and the laboratory tests needed to support the diagnosis are highlighted.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anaphylaxis , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Spinal , Colloids , Dexamethasone , Diagnosis , Dihydroergotamine , Exanthema , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Hypersensitivity , Hypotension , Hypovolemia , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Phenylephrine , Plasma , Starch , Tryptases , Vital Signs
10.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 468-476, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739001

ABSTRACT

Perioperative anaphylaxis, although rare, is a severe, life-threatening unexpected systemic hypersensitivity reaction. Simultaneous administration of various drugs during anesthesia, the difficulty of communicate with patients in sedation and anesthesia, and coverage of the patient with surgical drapes are considered to be factors that impede early recognition of anaphylactic reactions. It is very important to perform an intradermal skin test because antibiotics are the most common cause of perioperative anaphylaxis. We report a case of negative-intradermal skin test antibiotic anaphylaxis mistaken for local aesthetic systemic toxicity without increase of serum tryptase for confirmative diagnostic biomaker during surgery under brachial plexus block. It is not possible to exclude the danger of anaphylaxis completely, even if it is negative-intradermal skin test and normal tryptase level. Therefore, anesthesiologists should be closely monitored and treated early for antibiotics related hypersensitive reaction, like other medicines during anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Anesthesia , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Brachial Plexus Block , Brachial Plexus , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Skin Tests , Surgical Drapes , Tryptases
11.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e40-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750156

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is not known how cardiac functions are affected during anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to measure the cardiac functions shortly after an anaphylaxis attack using a new technique that detects subclinical left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Patients in our hospital who experienced anaphylaxis and urticaria (control group) due to any cause were included in the study. Tryptase levels were measured on the third hour of the reaction and 6 weeks later. Left ventricular systolic functions were evaluated with global strain measurement using echocardiography, approximately 4 hours and 6-week post reaction. RESULTS: Twelve patients were included in the anaphylaxis group (83.3% female; mean age, 43.25 ± 9.9 years). The causes of anaphylaxis were drug ingestion (n = 11) and venom immunotherapy. Eight of the anaphylactic reactions (66.7%) were severe and in 9 reactions (75%) tryptase levels increased. In the anaphylaxis group, strain values measured shortly after anaphylaxis were significantly lower than those calculated 6 weeks later (p < 0.001) and tryptase levels significantly increased (p = 0.002). The strain values measured both shortly after anaphylaxis and 6 weeks later did not differ according to severity of anaphylaxis. In severe anaphylaxis, tryptase levels during anaphylaxis and 6 weeks later were significantly higher (p = 0.019, p = 0.035). The control group evidenced no differences regarding strain and tryptase levels measured at reaction and 6 weeks later. At reaction, in the anaphylaxis group, the tryptase levels were higher and the strain values were lower than those in the urticaria group (p = 0.007, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Cardiac dysfunction may develop during an anaphylaxis independent of severity of reaction.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Eating , Echocardiography , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy , Tryptases , Urticaria , Venoms , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
12.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e13-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750142

ABSTRACT

Wheat allergy is one of the commonest food allergies in childhood and it typically presents with IgE mediated reactions, including anaphylaxis. Seizures are not typically reported to be a direct manifestation of anaphylaxis, though it can occur secondary to hypoxia following significant haemodynamic compromise. We describe a case of a previously well infant, who presented with anaphylactic shock to wheat and responded well to the initial management, but subsequently developed a cluster of brief generalised tonic clonic seizures without any ongoing haemodynamic instability. The tryptase level that was performed at 4–5 hours post reaction was raised at 49.1 µg/L. Skin prick test to wheat, wheat specific IgE, the omega-5 gliadin IgE were positive. Extensive work-up was performed to look for an underlying cause of seizures and all returned negative. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing an unusual presentation of multiple seizures in a young infant, in association with an anaphylactic episode. In the absence of any other seizure provoking factor and underlying cause, we believe the association is more likely causative than coincidental.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Hypoxia , Child , Food Hypersensitivity , Gliadin , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Infant , Seizures , Skin , Triticum , Tryptases , Wheat Hypersensitivity
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741108

ABSTRACT

Mastocytosis is a disorder characterized by abnormal mast cell proliferation and accumulation in one or more tissues. It presents in two major variants: cutaneous mastocytosis and systemic mastocytosis. Because the symptoms are related to mast cells, histamine receptor antagonists and leukotriene receptor antagonists are recommended as therapeutic options. Here, we report a 54-year-old male patient with a history of urticaria pigmentosa who presented with recurrent anaphylaxis. His serum tryptase level was 31.7 ng/mL and mast cell infiltration was observed in his bone marrow. He had frequent attacks of anaphylaxis despite treatment with ketotifen, levocetirizine, and montelukast. Symptoms related to systemic mastocytosis were controlled and the patient exhibited no recurrence of anaphylaxis following the introduction of monthly omalizumab injection. Omalizumab can be considered as a treatment option in patients with systemic mastocytosis unresponsive to conventional oral medications.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Bone Marrow , Humans , Ketotifen , Leukotriene Antagonists , Male , Mast Cells , Mastocytosis , Mastocytosis, Cutaneous , Mastocytosis, Systemic , Middle Aged , Omalizumab , Receptors, Histamine , Recurrence , Tryptases , Urticaria Pigmentosa
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740723

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Postoperative ileus (POI) is characterized by impaired propulsive function of the gastrointestinal tract after surgery. Although inflammation is considered to be an important pathogenesis of POI, significant data are lacking. We aim to correlate the recovery time of postoperative dysmotility with that of inflammation and mucosal permeability. METHODS: An experimental POI model of guinea pig was used. Contractile activity of the circular muscle of the stomach, jejunum, ileum, and proximal colon was measured through a tissue bath study. Inflammatory cells were counted, and the expression of calprotectin and tryptase were analyzed. The expression of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR-2), claudin-1, and claudin-2 were analyzed with immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The small bowel and colon showed decreased contractile amplitude in the POI groups compared to control. In contrast to the colon, the contractile amplitude of the small bowel significantly recovered in the POI group at 6 hours after the operation compared to the control group. Inflammation was highly significant in the POI groups compared to the control and sham groups, especially in the colon. Immunofluorescence showed increased PAR-2 expression in the POI groups compared to sham. The decreased claudin-1 expression and increased claudin-2 expression may suggest increased mucosal permeability of the small bowel and colon in the POI groups. CONCLUSIONS: Increased inflammation and mucosal permeability may play an important role in the differential recovery stages in POI. These data may provide further insights into the pathophysiology and potential new therapeutic prospects of POI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baths , Claudin-1 , Claudin-2 , Colon , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gastrointestinal Tract , Guinea Pigs , Guinea , Ileum , Ileus , Inflammation , Jejunum , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Permeability , Receptor, PAR-2 , Stomach , Tryptases
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740029

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients usually have lower urinary tract symptoms, such as frequency and urgency. Additionally, they frequently suffer from urinary tract infections. This study investigated dysfunction and chronic inflammation of the bladder urothelium in ESRD/CKD patients. METHODS: This study enrolled 27 patients with CKD (n=13) or ESRD (n=14) for urodynamic studies and bladder biopsies. Patients presented with detrusor underactivity (DU; n=8) or bladder oversensitivity (BO; n=19). Bladder biopsies were performed in these patients and in 20 controls. The bladder mucosa was examined for E-cadherin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) expression, activated mast cell count (through tryptase staining), and urothelial apoptosis (through terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling [TUNEL]). The urodynamic parameters were also compared with variables regarding urothelial dysfunction. RESULTS: The bladder mucosa samples of ESRD and CKD patients revealed significantly higher mast cell counts, more urothelial apoptosis, and lower levels of ZO-1 expression than the control samples. E-cadherin expression was significantly reduced in ESRD/CKD patients with DU, but not in ESRD/CKD patients with BO. Increased mast cell and apoptotic cell counts were also associated with ESRD/CKD with BO. Less expression of ZO-1 and E-cadherin was significantly associated with increased bladder sensation and a small bladder capacity. CONCLUSIONS: Bladder urothelial dysfunction and chronic inflammation were present to a noteworthy extent in patients with ESRD or CKD. Increased inflammation and defective barrier function were more notable in ESRD/CKD bladders with BO than in those with DU. The clinical characteristics of these patients may involve urothelial pathophysiology.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Biopsy , Cadherins , Cell Count , Humans , Inflammation , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Mast Cells , Mucous Membrane , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Sensation , Tryptases , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract Infections , Urodynamics , Urothelium
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 399-405, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812753

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of mast cells in chronic prostatitis / chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).@*METHODS@#Forty-five male SD rats were equally randomized into a control, an experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) model, and an intervention group. The EAP model was made in the latter two groups by subcutaneous injection of mixed suspension of complete Freund's adjuvant and prostate tissue, while the controls were treated subcutaneously with 0.9% sodium chloride. Tactile allodynia was quantified in the pelvic region of the control and EAP animals using Von-Frey filaments at 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 days. After successful establishment of the EAP model, the rats of the intervention group were injected intraperitonieally with cromolyn sodium for 10 days, and meanwhile tactile allodynia was detected in the rats of the intervention and EAP model groups every other day. Then the prostates of the rats were harvested for HE and toluidine blue staining and measurement of the expression of mast cell tryptase by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Von-Frey assessment showed a more severe pelvic pain in the EAP model than in the control rats, but milder in the intervention group than in the EAP models. HE staining revealed infiltration of lymphocytes and neutrophils in the prostate and congestion surrounding the gland in the EAP model rats, but none in the controls. However, both the infiltration and congestion were significantly alleviated in the intervention group. Toluidine blue staining shown that. Compared with the control group, the total count of mast cells and the number degranulated mast cells were markedly increased in the EAP models (P <0.01) but decreased in the intervention group (P <0.05). Both immunohistochemistry and Western blot manifested that the expression of tryptase in the mast cells was remarkably upregulated in the EAP (both P <0.01) but down-regulated in the intervention group (P <0.05 and P <0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both the total count of mast cells and the number of degranulated mast cells are significantly increased in the prostate of EAP rats. Mast cells are one of the most important mediators of type Ⅲ prostatitis-induced chronic pelvic pain, which can be used as a target for the intervention and treatment of type Ⅲ prostatitis.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Animals , Autoimmune Diseases , Pathology , Cell Degranulation , Chronic Disease , Chronic Pain , Disease Models, Animal , Freund's Adjuvant , Male , Mast Cells , Physiology , Pelvic Pain , Prostatitis , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tryptases , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1296-1302, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330626

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Atherosclerosis (AS) is an inflammatory disease. Inflammation was considered to play a role in the whole process of AS. This study aimed to analyze the relationships of inflammatory factors and risk factors with different target organ damages (TOD) in essential hypertension (EH) patients and to explore its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 294 EH patients were selected and divided into four groups according to their conditions of TOD. Forty-eight healthy subjects were selected as control. The clinical biochemical parameters, serum amyloid A, serum tryptase, and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) in each group were detected, and the related risk factors were also statistically analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fibrinogen (Fbg) was the most significant independent risk factor in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) group (odds ratio [OR]: 22.242, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.458-76.609, P< 0.001) with the largest absolute value of the standardized partial regression coefficient B' (b': 1.079). Lp-PLA2 was the most significant independent risk factor in stroke group (OR: 13.699, 95% CI: 5.236-35.837, P< 0.001) with b' = 0.708. Uric acid (UA) was the most significant independent risk factor in renal damage group (OR: 15.307, 95% CI: 4.022-58.250, P< 0.001) with b' = 1.026.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Fbg, Lp-PLA2, and UA are the strongest independent risk factors toward the occurrence of ACS, ischemic stroke, and renal damage in EH patients, thus exhibiting the greatest impacts on the occurrence of ACS, ischemic stroke, and renal damage in EH patients, respectively.</p>


Subject(s)
1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase , Aged , Antihypertensive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Essential Hypertension , Blood , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Blood , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Blood , Risk Factors , Serum Amyloid A Protein , Metabolism , Stroke , Blood , Tryptases , Blood
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5): 589-594, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827757

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: The morphological similarities between fibrous papules of the face and multiple sporadic oral fibromas were mentioned long ago and a relationship between them has been reported in the literature. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of mast cells, elastin and collagen in a series of oral fibromas and fibrous papules of the face in order to better understand the possible role of these factors in fibrosis and the formation of these lesions. Methods: Thirty cases of oral fibroma involving the buccal mucosa and 30 cases of fibrous papules of the face were selected. Tissue samples were submitted to picrosirius red staining and immunohistochemistry using anti-elastin and anti-tryptase antibodies. Results: The percentage of tryptase-positive mast cells and expression of elastin were higher in cases of fibrous papules of the face (p < 0.05). In contrast, a higher intensity of collagen deposition was observed in oral fibromas. The results showed mast cell accumulation and higher elastin synthesis in fibrous papules of the face, and mast cell accumulation with higher collagen fiber synthesis in oral fibromas. Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that mast cells influence the development and growth of these lesions through different mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Fibroma/pathology , Fibrosis/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Collagen/metabolism , Elastin/metabolism , Tryptases/metabolism , Facial Dermatoses/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroma/metabolism , Mast Cells/metabolism , Mouth Mucosa/metabolism
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(3): 401-405, mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784912

ABSTRACT

Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is characterized by pathologic expansion and activation of mast cells. The main clinical manifestations of SM include skin involvement, gastrointestinal symptoms and anaphylaxis due to the release of its mediators. Thirty percent of pat ients with SM have a low bone mass and 20% fractures. At the same time, SM affects 10% of male patients with idiopathic osteoporosis. Measuring serum tryptase is essential for the screening of MS. We report two cases of SM with bone involvement. A 25-year- old woman with prior diagnosis of SM, based on skin involvement, flushing, high serum tryptase and compatible bone marrow (BM) biopsy and genetic study. Low bone mass was diagnosed and treatment was started with calcium and vitamin D plus oral bisphosphona tes with adequate response. A 47 years old man who presented with multiple osteoporotic vertebral fractures and low bone mass. Treatment with vitamin D and alendronate was started, but the patient developed new vertebral fractures. The study was extended w ith measurement of serum tryptase that was elevated. Diagnosis of SM was confirmed with BM biopsy and the patient was referred to hematology for specific care. These cases emphasize the importance of bone assessment in SM, as well as the need to rule out S M in patients with osteoporosis and no evident cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Mastocytosis, Systemic/complications , Osteoporosis/pathology , Biopsy , Urticaria Pigmentosa/etiology , Urticaria Pigmentosa/pathology , Risk Factors , Mastocytosis, Systemic/pathology , Densitometry , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Tryptases/blood
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109530

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was aimed at evaluating differences in the effects of repeated water avoidance stress (rWAS) on colonic movement, mucosal mast cell counts, cytokine levels, and visceromotor response (VMR) to colorectal distension (CRD) in rats of both sexes. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into stress and no-stress groups. Rats in the stress group were exposed to rWAS (1 hr/day) for 10 days. Mucosal mast cells were immunohistochemically stained with anti-mast cell tryptase antibody and counted. The colonic mucosal cytokine levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The VMR to CRD (visceral analgesia) was assessed by using a barostat and noninvasive manometry. RESULTS: The mean number of fecal pellets in the rWAS group increased significantly as compared with that in the no-stress group in both sexes. After adjustment for body weight, the female rats had a significantly higher pellet output than the male rats. The mucosal mast cell count of the female rWAS group was higher than that of the male rWAS group (13.0 ± 0.9 vs 8.8 ± 0.6; P < 0.001). The colonic mucosal interleukin-1β level was also higher only in the female rats of the rWAS group than in those of the no-stress group. On days 10 and 11, a decrease in VMR to CRD was observed at 40 and 60 mmHg in both sexes of the rWAS group, without a sex-based difference. CONCLUSIONS: The colonic response to stress appeared to be more sensitive in the female rats than in the male rats. However, stress-induced visceral analgesia had no sex-related difference and the underlying mechanism needs to be further evaluated.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Animals , Body Weight , Colon , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Male , Manometry , Mast Cells , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Sex Characteristics , Tryptases , Water
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