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Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 51-57, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009475


Objective To investigate the relationship between interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and miR-185-5p in the process of joint injury in acute gouty arthritis (AGA). Methods The serum miR-185-5p levels of 89 AGA patients and 91 healthy volunteers were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The correlation between miR-185-5p expression level and VAS score or IL-1β expression level was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient method. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of miR-185-5p in AGA. THP-1 cells were induced by sodium urate (MSU) to construct an in vitro acute gouty inflammatory cell model. After the expression level of miR-185-5p in THP-1 cells was upregulated or downregulated by transfection of miR-185-5p mimics or inhibitors in vitro, inflammatory cytokines of THP-1 cells, such as IL-1β, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), were detected by ELISA. The luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the interaction between miR-185-5p and the 3'-UTR of IL-1β. Results Compared with the healthy control group, the expression level of serum miR-185-5p in AGA patients was significantly reduced. The level of serum miR-185-5p was negatively correlated with VAS score and IL-1β expression level. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.905, the sensitivity was 80.17% and the specificity was 83.52%. Down-regulation of miR-185-5p significantly promoted the expression of IL-1β, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), while overexpression of miR-185-5p showed the opposite results. Luciferase reporter gene assay showed that IL-1β was the target gene of miR-185-5p, and miR-185-5p negatively regulated the expression of IL-1β. Conclusion miR-185-5p alleviates the inflammatory response in AGA by inhibiting IL-1β.

Humans , 3' Untranslated Regions , Arthritis, Gouty/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-8 , Luciferases , MicroRNAs/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 74-81, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009112


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of VX765 on osteoarthritis (OA) and chondrocytes inflammation in rats.@*METHODS@#Chondrocytes were isolated from the knee joints of 4-week-old Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. The third-generation cells were subjected to cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) analysis to assess the impact of various concentrations (0, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 μmol/L) of VX765 on rat chondrocyte activity. An in vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced cell inflammation model was employed, dividing cells into control group, LPS group, VX765 concentration 1 group and VX765 concentration 2 group without obvious cytotoxicity. Western blot, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and ELISA were conducted to measure the expression levels of inflammatory factors-transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF-β 1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Additionally, Western blot and immunofluorescence staining were employed to assess the expressions of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). Thirty-two SD rats were randomly assigned to sham surgery group (group A), OA group (group B), OA+VX765 (50 mg/kg) group (group C), and OA+VX765 (100 mg/kg) group (group D), with 8 rats in each group. Group A underwent a sham operation with a medial incision, while groups B to D underwent additional transverse incisions to the medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament, with removal of the medial meniscus. One week post-surgery, groups C and D were orally administered 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg VX765, respectively, while groups A and B received an equivalent volume of saline. Histopathological examination using HE and safranin-fast green staining was performed, and Mankin scoring was utilized for evaluation. Immunohistochemical staining technique was employed to analyze the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) and collagen type Ⅱ.@*RESULTS@#The CCK-8 assay indicated a significant decrease in cell viability at VX765 concentrations exceeding 10 μmol/L ( P<0.05), so 4 μmol/L and 8 μmol/L VX765 without obvious cytotoxicity were selected for subsequent experiments. Following LPS induction, the expressions of TGF-β 1, IL-6, and TNF-α in cells significantly increased when compared with the control group ( P<0.05). However, intervention with 4 μmol/L and 8 μmol/L VX765 led to a significant decrease in expression compared to the LPS group ( P<0.05). Western blot and immunofluorescence staining demonstrated a significant upregulation of Nrf2 pathway-related molecules Nrf2 and HO-1 protein expressions by VX765 ( P<0.05), indicating Nrf2 pathway activation. Histopathological examination of rat knee joint tissues and immunohistochemical staining revealed that, compared to group B, treatment with VX765 in groups C and D improved joint structural damage in rat OA, alleviated inflammatory reactions, downregulated MMP-13 expression, and increased collagen type Ⅱ expression.@*CONCLUSION@#VX765 can improve rat OA and reduce chondrocyte inflammation, possibly through the activation of the Nrf2 pathway.

Rats , Animals , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Collagen Type II/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/pharmacology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Dipeptides , para-Aminobenzoates
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 243-250, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010328


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Danmu Extract Syrup (DMS) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#Seventy-two male Balb/C mice were randomly divided into 6 groups according to a random number table (n=12), including control (normal saline), LPS (5 mg/kg), LPS+DMS 2.5 mL/kg, LPS+DMS 5 mL/kg, LPS+DMS 10 mL/kg, and LPS+Dexamethasone (DXM, 5 mg/kg) groups. After pretreatment with DMS and DXM, the ALI mice model was induced by LPS, and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected to determine protein concentration, cell counts and inflammatory cytokines. The lung tissues of mice were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) of lung tissue was calculated. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 β in BALF of mice were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of Claudin-5, vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phospho-protein kinase B (p-Akt) and Akt were detected by Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#DMS pre-treatment significantly ameliorated lung histopathological changes. Compared with the LPS group, the W/D ratio and protein contents in BALF were obviously reduced after DMS pretreatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The number of cells in BALF and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity decreased significantly after DMS pretreatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). DMS pre-treatment decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1 β (P<0.01). Meanwhile, DMS activated the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway and reversed the expressions of Claudin-5, VE-cadherin and VEGF (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DMS attenuated LPS-induced ALI in mice through repairing endothelial barrier. It might be a potential therapeutic drug for LPS-induced lung injury.

Mice , Male , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Claudin-5/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Lung/pathology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 901-909, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010098


BACKGROUND@#The application of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibodies has greatly improved the clinical outcomes of lung cancer patients. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of PD-1 antibody therapy in locally advanced non-surgical or metastatic lung cancer patients, and preliminarily explored the correlation between peripheral blood biomarkers and clinical responses.@*METHODS@#We conducted a single center study that included 61 IIIA-IV lung cancer patients who received PD-1 antibody treatment from March 2020 to December 2021, and collected the medical record data on PD-1 antibody first-line or second-line treatment. The levels of multiple Th1 and Th2 cytokines in the patient's peripheral blood serum, as well as the phenotype of peripheral blood T cells, were detected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed at least 2 cycles of PD-1 monoclonal antibody treatment. Among them, 42 patients (68.9%) achieved partial response (PR); 7 patients (11.5%) had stable disease (SD); and 12 patients (19.7%) had progressive disease (PD). The levels of peripheral blood interferon gamma (IFN-γ) (P=0.023), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) (P=0.007) and interleukin 5 (IL-5) (P=0.002) before treatment were higher in patients of the disease control rate (DCR) (PR+SD) group than in the PD group. In addition, the decrease in absolute peripheral blood lymphocyte count after PD-1 antibody treatment was associated with disease progression (P=0.023). Moreover, the levels of IL-5 (P=0.0027) and IL-10 (P=0.0208) in the blood serum after immunotherapy were significantly increased compared to baseline.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Peripheral blood serum IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-5 in lung cancer patients have certain roles in predicting the clinical efficacy of anti-PD-1 therapy. The decrease in absolute peripheral blood lymphocyte count in lung cancer patients is related to disease progression, but large-scale prospective studies are needed to further elucidate the value of these biomarkers.

Humans , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Interleukin-5/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Biomarkers , Immunotherapy , Disease Progression , B7-H1 Antigen
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1887-1896, dic. 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528807


SUMMARY: The therapeutic effect of a granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) biosimilar drug, zarzio, on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a rat model was investigated in this study. Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into four groups. Groups I and II were fed a standard laboratory diet, whereas groups III and IV were fed a high fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks. After 12 weeks of feeding, groups I and III were administered normal saline, and groups II and IV were intraperitoneally administered zarzio (200 mg/kg/day) for two consecutive weeks. Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining was used to assess hepatic and pancreatic morphology in all groups, oil red O (ORO) staining for lipid accumulation, Masson's staining for fibrosis, and immunohistochemistry assay for hepatic protein expression of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and pancreatic caspase-3. The NAFLD rats (group III) developed hepatic steatosis with increased lipid accumulation, perisinusoidal fibrosis, upregulated IRS1, TNF-α (all P<0.05) without a significant increase in Nrf2 protein expression compared with normal control. In comparison, model rats treated with zarzio (group IV) showed significant rejuvenation of the hepatic architecture, reduction of fat accumulation, and fibrosis. This was accompanied by the upregulation of Nrf2, downregulation of IRS1 and TNF-α protein expression (all P<0.05). No correlation was detected between NAFLD and non-alcoholic fatty pancreas disease (NAFPD). However, the pancreatic β-cells in group III showed increased caspase-3 expression, which was decreased (P<0.05) in group IV. In conclusion, zarzio ameliorates NAFLD by improving the antioxidant capacity of liver cells, reducing hepatic IRS1, TNF-α protein expression and pancreatic β-cells apoptosis, suggesting that zarzio could be used as a potential therapy for NAFLD.

En este estudio se investigó el efecto terapéutico de un fármaco biosimilar del factor estimulante de colonias de granulocitos (G-CSF), zarzio, sobre la enfermedaddel hígado graso no alcohólico (NAFLD) en un modelo de rata. Treinta y dos ratas se dividieron aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos. Los grupos I y II fueron alimentados con una dieta estándar de laboratorio, mientras que los grupos III y IV fueron alimentados con una dieta alta en grasas (HFD) durante 14 semanas. Después de 12 semanas de alimentación, a los grupos I y III se les administró solución salina normal, y a los grupos II y IV se les administró zarzio por vía intraperitoneal (200 mg/kg/ día) durante dos semanas consecutivas. Se utilizó tinción de hematoxilina-eosina (H&E) para evaluar la morfología hepática y pancreática en todos los grupos, tinción con rojo aceite O (ORO) para la acumulación de lípidos, tinción de Masson para la fibrosis y ensayo de inmunohistoquímica para la expresión de la proteína hepática del sustrato 1 del receptor de insulina (IRS1), factor nuclear eritroide 2 relacionado con el factor 2 (Nrf2), factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α) y caspasa-3 pancreática. Las ratas NAFLD (grupo III) desarrollaron esteatosis hepática con aumento de la acumulación de lípidos, fibrosis perisinusoidal, IRS1 y TNF-α regulados positivamente (todos P <0,05) sin un aumento significativo en la expresión de la proteína Nrf2 en comparación con el control normal. En comparación, las ratas modelo tratadas con zarzio (grupo IV) mostraron un rejuvenecimiento significativo de la arquitectura hepática, una reducción de la acumulación de grasa y fibrosis. Esto estuvo acompañado por la regulación positiva de Nrf2, la regulación negativa de la expresión de la proteína IRS1 y TNF-α (todas P <0,05). No se detectó correlación entre NAFLD y la enfermedad del páncreas graso no alcohólico (NAFPD). Sin embargo, las células β pancreáticas en el grupo III mostraron una mayor expresión de caspasa-3, que disminuyó (P <0,05) en el grupo IV. En conclusión, zarzio mejora la NAFLD al mejorar la capacidad antioxidante de las células hepáticas, reduciendo el IRS1 hepático, la expresión de la proteína TNF-α y la apoptosis de las células β pancreáticas, lo que sugiere que zarzio podría usarse como una terapia potencial para la NAFLD.

Animals , Male , Rats , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/administration & dosage , Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals/administration & dosage , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Insulin-Secreting Cells/drug effects , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Caspase 3 , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1537-1549, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521025


SUMMARY: Cisplatin (Cis) is an important chemotherapeutic agent used in cancer treatment. Males exposed to Cis were reported to exhibit testicular toxicity. Cis-induced testicular toxicity is mediated by oxidative stress, inflammation, testosterone inhibition and apoptosis. Accordingly, this study was conducted to evaluate the potential protective roles of infliximab (IFX), which is an anti- TNF-a agent, and of white tea (Camellia sinensis), which is known to possess antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory effects, against Cis-induced testicular toxicity in rats. Rats were randomly assigned into five groups as follows: control group, Cisplatin (7 mg/kg) treatment group, Cisplatin (7 mg/kg) + infliximab (7 mg/kg) treatment group, cisplatin + white tea (WT) treatment group, and Cisplatin+ WT+IFX combined treatment group. In the present study, Cis exposure reduced the sperm count. It also increased testicular oxidative stress as well as the levels of inflammatory and apoptotic markers. Histopathological assays supported the biochemical findings. Treatment with IFX and/or WT restored testicular histology, preserved spermatogenesis, suppressed oxidative stress and apoptosis, and significantly ameliorated Cis-induced damage. It was concluded that white tea and infliximab could potentially serve as therapeutic options for the protection of testicular tissue against the harmful effects of Cis.

El cisplatino (Cis) es un importante agente quimioterapéutico utilizado en el tratamiento del cáncer. Se informó que los hombres expuestos a Cis exhibieron toxicidad testicular. La toxicidad testicular inducida por Cis está mediada por el estrés oxidativo, la inflamación, la inhibición de la testosterona y la apoptosis. En consecuencia, este estudio se realizó para evaluar las posibles funciones protectoras de infliximab (IFX), un agente anti-TNF-α, y del té blanco (Camellia sinensis), conocido por sus propiedades antioxidantes, antiapoptóticas y anti-TNF-α -efectos inflamatorios, contra la toxicidad testicular inducida por Cis en ratas. Cinco grupos de ratas se asignaron al azar de la siguiente manera: grupo control, grupo de tratamiento con cisplatino (7 mg/ kg), grupo de tratamiento con cisplatino (7 mg/kg) + infliximab (7 mg/kg), grupo de tratamiento con cisplatino + té blanco (WT), y grupo de tratamiento combinado Cisplatino+ WT+IFX. En el presente estudio, la exposición a Cis redujo el conteo de espermatozoides. También aumentó el estrés oxidativo testicular, así como los niveles de marcadores inflamatorios y apoptóticos. Los ensayos histopatológicos respaldaron los hallazgos bioquímicos. El tratamiento con IFX y/o WT restauró la histología testicular, preservó la espermatogénesis, suprimió el estrés oxidativo y la apoptosis, y mejoró significativamente el daño inducido por Cis. Se concluyó que el té blanco y el infliximab podrían potencialmente servir como opciones terapéuticas para la protección del tejido testicular contra los efectos nocivos de Cis.

Animals , Male , Rats , Tea/chemistry , Testis/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cisplatin/toxicity , Camellia sinensis/chemistry , Infliximab/pharmacology , Sperm Count , Testis/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis , Oxidative Stress , Glutathione/analysis , Inflammation , Malondialdehyde/analysis
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1191-1197, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514363


SUMMARY: The toxic effects of thioacetamide (TAA) and carbon tetrachloride on the human body are well recognized. In this study, we examined whether TAA intoxication can induce kidney leukocyte infiltration (measured as leukocyte common antigen CD45) associated with the augmentation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS)/tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) axis, as well as biomarkers of kidney injury with and without metformin treatment. Rats were either injected with TAA (200 mg/kg; twice a week for 8 weeks) before being sacrificed after 10 weeks (experimental group) or were pre-treated with metformin (200 mg/kg) daily for two weeks prior to TAA injections and continued receiving both agents until the end of the experiment, at week 10 (protective group). Using basic histology staining, immunohistochemistry methods, and blood chemistry analysis, we observed profound kidney tissue injury such as glomerular and tubular damage in the experimental group, which were substantially ameliorated by metformin. Metformin also significantly (p0.05) increase in kidney expression of CD45 positive immunostaining cells. In conclusion, we found that TAA induces kidney injury in association with the augmentation of ROS/TNF-α axis, independent of leukocyte infiltration, which is protected by metformin.

Son bien conocidosos los efectos tóxicos de la tioacetamida (TAA) y el tetracloruro de carbono en el cuerpo humano. En este estudio, examinamos si la intoxicación por TAA puede inducir la infiltración de leucocitos renales (medida como antígeno leucocitario común CD45) asociada con el aumento de las especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS)/factor de necrosis tumoral-alfa (TNF-α), así como biomarcadores de daño renal con y sin tratamiento con metformina. A las ratas se les inyectó TAA (200 mg/kg; dos veces por semana durante 8 semanas) antes de sacrificarlas a las 10 semanas (grupo experimental) o se les pretrató con metformina (200 mg/kg) diariamente durante dos semanas antes de las inyecciones de TAA y continuaron recibiendo ambos agentes hasta el final del experimento, en la semana 10 (grupo protector). Usando tinción histológica básica, métodos de inmunohistoquímica y análisis químico de la sangre, observamos una lesión profunda del tejido renal, como daño glomerular y tubular en el grupo experimental, que mejoraron sustancialmente con la metformina. La metformina también inhibió significativamente (p0,05) en la expresión renal de células de inmunotinción positivas para CD45. En conclusión, encontramos que el TAA induce la lesión renal en asociación con el aumento del eje ROS/TNF-α, independientemente de la infiltración de leucocitos, que está protegida por metformina.

Animals , Male , Rats , Thioacetamide/toxicity , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Reactive Oxygen Species , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Inflammation
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 495-499, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449827


Abstract Objective To analyze the serum levels of TNF-alpha and its TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 receptors in the blood of patients with low-impact fractures due to osteoporosis, comparing between genders and with healthy patients. Methods The present study was conducted with a blood sample of 62 patients, divided into patients with osteoporosis and healthy patients. The results were obtained using the ELISA method. Cytokine concentrations were determined based on the absorbance values obtained. Results Serum TNF-alpha levels were undetectable in female patients, while in males they were found only in one patient, with no significant difference. Similar results were found in the analyses of TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 levels, a significant increase in levels of TNF-alpha receptors in the groups of patients with osteoporosis compared with the control groupinbothsexes.There wasnosignificant difference between the sexes in the dosage of both receptors within the group with osteoporosis. There was also a positive and significant correlation in the levels of TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 only in women. Conclusion The significant increase in TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 levels in women with osteoporosis suggest that the release and expression of these receptors may be contributing differently to the development of osteoporosis in men and women.

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os níveis séricos de TNF-alfa e de seus receptores TNF-R1 e TNF-R2 no sangue de pacientes com fraturas de baixo impacto, decorrentes de osteoporose, comparando entre os sexos e com pacientes saudáveis. Métodos Oestudofoi realizadocom amostradesanguede 62 pacientes,divididos em pacientes com osteoporose e pacientes saudáveis. Os resultados foram obtidos através do método de ELISA. As concentrações de citocinas foram determinadas com base nos valores de absorbância obtidos. Resultados Os níveis séricos de TNF-alfa foram indetectáveis nos pacientes do sexo feminino, enquanto no masculino encontrou-se somente em um paciente, não havendo diferença significativa. Encontrou-se resultados semelhantes nas análises dos níveis de TNF-R1 e TNF-R2, aumento significativo nos níveis dos receptores de TNF-alfa nos grupos de pacientes com osteoporose em comparação com o grupo controle, em ambos os sexos. Não houve diferença significativa entre os sexos na dosagem de ambos os receptores dentro do grupo com osteoporose. Houve ainda correlação positiva e significativa nos níveis de TNF-R1 e TNF-R2 apenas nas mulheres. Conclusão O aumento significativo nos níveis de TNF-R1 e TNF-R2 em mulheres com osteoporose sugerem que a liberação e expressão destes receptores pode estar contribuindo de maneira distinta no desenvolvimento da osteoporose em homens e mulheres.

Humans , Male , Female , Osteoporosis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 362-367, abr. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440327


SUMMARY: Liver transplantation is the only available method to treat liver failure induced by chronic liver injury. We sought to determine whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, can inhibit the development of chronic liver injury induced by the hepatotoxic agent thioacetamide (TAA) in association with the suppression of inflammation (hsCRP, TNF-α, and IL-6) / hypoxia- inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) / profibrosis (TIMP-1, MMP-9, and α-SMA) axis that mediates liver injury. Therefore, the model group of rats was injected for eight weeks with 200 mg/kg TAA starting at week two. The protective group was pretreated with 150 mg/ kg captopril daily for two weeks prior to TAA injections and continued receiving both capropril and TAA agents until being humanely scrificed at week 10. We observed a substantial damage to liver tissue in the model group as demonstrated by a significant (p<0.0001) increase in blood and hepatic tissue levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α), interleukin- 6 (L-6), HIF-1α, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). All these parameters were significantly (p<0.0244) protected by captopril. Also, a significant (p<0.0001) positive correlation was observed between a-SMA (profibrosis) and the serum and tissue levels of hsCRP, TNF-α, HIF-1α, TIMP-1, MMP-9, and ALT. Thus, these findings suggest that the induction of chronic liver injury by the hepatotoxic compound, TAA is associated with the upregulation of inflammation/HIF-1α/profibrosis, with captopril exhibiting beneficial hepatic pleotropic effects.

El trasplante de hígado es el único método disponible para tratar la insuficiencia hepática inducida por una lesión hepática crónica. Buscamos determinar si el inhibidor de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina, captopril, puede inhibir el desarrollo de lesión hepática crónica inducida por el agente hepatotóxico tioacetamida (TAA) en asociación con la supresión de la inflamación (hsCRP, TNF-α e IL-6) / factor inducible por hipoxia 1-alfa (HIF-1α) / profibrosis (TIMP-1, MMP-9 y α- SMA) eje que media la lesión hepática. Por lo tanto, al grupo modelo de ratas se le inyectó durante ocho semanas 200 mg/kg de TAA a partir de la semana dos. El grupo protector fue pretratado con 150 mg/kg de captopril al día durante dos semanas antes de las inyecciones de TAA y continuó recibiendo capropril y agentes TAA hasta que fue sacrificado en la semana 10. Observamos un daño sustancial en el tejido hepático en el grupo modelo, como lo demuestra un aumento significativo (p<0,0001) de los niveles en sangre y tejido hepático de proteína C reactiva de alta sensibilidad (hsCRP), factor de necrosis tumoral-α (TNF-a), interleucina-6 (L-6), HIF-1α, inhibidor tisular de metaloproteinasas-1 (TIMP-1), metaloproteinasa de matriz-9 (MMP-9), actina de músculo liso alfa (α-SMA), alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). Todos estos parámetros estaban significativamente (p<0,0244) protegidos por captopril. Además, se observó una correlación positiva significativa (p<0,0001) entre α-SMA (profibrosis) y los niveles séricos y tisulares de hsCRP, TNF-α, HIF-1α, TIMP- 1, MMP-9 y ALT. Por lo tanto, estos hallazgos sugieren que la inducción de daño hepático crónico por el compuesto hepatotóxico, TAA, está asociada con la regulación al alza de la inflamación/HIF-1α/profibrosis, con captopril exhibiendo efectos pleotrópicos hepáticos beneficiosos.

Animals , Male , Rats , Thioacetamide/toxicity , Captopril/administration & dosage , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Actins , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Disease Models, Animal , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors , Inflammation , Liver/drug effects
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 79-84, feb. 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430536


SUMMARY: Paracetamol (known as acetaminophen, or APAP) poisoning causes acute liver damage that can lead to organ failure and death. We sought to determine that APAP overdose can augment tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)/ nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB)/induced nitic oxide synthase (iNOS) axis-mediated hepatotoxicity in rats, and the anti-inflammatory polyphenolic compounds, quercetin (QUR) plus resveratrol (RES) can ameliorate these parameters. Therefore, we induced acute hepatotoxicity in rats using APAP overdose (2 g/kg, orally) and the protective group of rats were treated with 50 mg/kg QUR plus 30 mg/kg RES for one week before APAP ingestion. Animals were killed at day 8. APAP poisoning caused the induction of hepatic tissue levels of TNF-α, NF-kB, and iNOS, which were significantly (p<0.05) decreased by QUR+RES. QUR+RES, also inhibited liver injury biomarkers, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Additionally, a link between liver injury and TNF-α /NF-kB / iNOS axis mediated hepatotoxicity was observed. Thus, the presented data backing the conclusion that intoxication by paracetamol increases TNF-α / NF-kB / iNOS axis -mediated hepatotoxicity, and is protected by a combination of quercetin and resveratrol.

El envenenamiento por paracetamol (conocido como acetaminofeno o APAP) causa daño hepático agudo que puede provocar una insuficiencia orgánica y la muerte. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar si la sobredosis de APAP puede aumentar la hepatotoxicidad mediada por el eje del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α)/factor nuclear kappa B (NF-kB)/óxido nítico sintasa inducida (iNOS) en ratas, y si el polifenólico antiinflamatorio compuesto por quercetina (QUR) más resveratrol (RES) pueden mejorar estos parámetros. Por lo tanto, inducimos hepatotoxicidad aguda en ratas usando una sobredosis de APAP (2 g/kg, por vía oral). El grupo protector de ratas se trató con 50 mg/ kg de QUR más 30 mg/kg de RES durante una semana antes de la ingestión de APAP. Los animales se sacrificaron el día 8. El envenenamiento con APAP en el tejido hepático provocó la inducción de niveles de TNF-α, NF-kB e iNOS, que se redujeron significativamente (p<0,05) con QUR+RES. QUR+RES, también inhibió los biomarcadores de daño hepático, la alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y el aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). Además, se observó una relación entre la lesión hepática y la hepatotoxicidad mediada por el eje TNF-α /NF-kB/iNOS. Por lo tanto, los datos presentados respaldan la conclusión de que la intoxicación por paracetamol aumenta la hepatotoxicidad mediada por el eje TNF-α /NF-kB / iNOS, y está protegida por una combinación de quercetina y resveratrol.

Animals , Rats , Quercetin/administration & dosage , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/drug therapy , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Acute Disease , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Nitric Oxide Synthase/antagonists & inhibitors , Protective Agents , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug Overdose
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 507-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986956


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of Yifei Jianpi recipe for improving cigarette smoke- induced inflammatory injury and mucus hypersecretion in cultured human bronchial epithelial cells.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from 40 SD rats treated with Yifei Jianpi recipe (n=20) or normal saline (n=20) by gavage. Cultured human bronchial epithelial 16HBE cells were stimulated with an aqueous cigarette smoke extract (CSE), followed by treatment with the collected serum at different dilutions. The optimal concentration and treatment time of CSE and the medicated serum for cell treatment were determined with CCK-8 assay. The expressions of TLR4, NF-κB, MUC5AC, MUC7, and muc8 at both the mRNA and protein levels in the treated cells were examined with RT- qPCR and Western blotting, and the effects of TLR4 gene silencing and overexpression on their expressions were assessed. The expressions of TNF-α, IL-1 β, IL-6 and IL-8 in the cells were detected using ELISA.@*RESULTS@#At the optimal concentration of 20%, treatment with the medicated serum for 24 h significantly lowered the mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4, NF- κB, MUC5AC, MUC7, and MUC8 in CSE- exposed 16HBE cells, and these effects were further enhanced by TLR4 silencing in the cells. In 16HBE cells with TLR4 overexpression, the expressions of TLR4, NF-κB, MUC5AC, MUC7, and MUC8 were significantly increased after CSE exposure and were lowered following treatment with the medicated serum (P < 0.05). The medicated serum also significantly lowered the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 in CSE-exposed 16HBE cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the 16HBE cell model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), treatment with Yifei Jianpi recipe-medicated serum improves inflammation and mucus hypersecretion possibly by reducing MUC secretion and inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

Humans , Rats , Animals , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Cigarette Smoking/adverse effects , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Signal Transduction , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Mucus/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 271-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986137


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms underlying allergic conjunctivitis caused by conjunctival epithelial cell damage, neutrophil migration and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation induced by crude extracts of Dermatophagoides farinae mite (CDM).@*METHODS@#Human conjunctival epithelial cells were stimulated with 500, 1 000, 2 000, 4 000 ng/mL, and the expression levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and IL-8 were detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The culture supernatant of human conjunctival epithelial cells was collected and co-cultured with neutrophils. Neutrophil migration was measured using Transwell migration assay, and the expression of NETs markers myeloperoxidase (MPO) and citrullinated histone H3 (CitH3) was quantified using immunofluorescence staining. Neutrophils were stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and then NETs were collected for treatment of human conjunctival epithelial cells. Cell apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry, and the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-8 were measured in the cell culture supernatant using ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with CDM at concentrations of 2 000 ng/mL and 4 000 ng/mL up-regulated IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-8 expression in human conjunctival epithelial cells. Following treatment with CDM at concentrations of 2 000 ng/mL and 4 000 ng/mL, the culture supernatant of human conjunctival epithelial cells promoted neutrophil migration and induced increases in the staining intensity of MPO and CitH3. In addition, increased NETs triggered the apoptosis of human conjunctival epithelial cells and IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-8 secretion in the culture supernatant of human conjunctival epithelial cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CDM induces human conjunctival epithelial cell damages, thereby promoting neutrophil migration and NETs formation, while the release of NETs further aggravates human conjunctival epithelial cell damages.

Animals , Humans , Extracellular Traps , Neutrophils , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Dermatophagoides farinae , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/pharmacology
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 322-329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984725


Objective: To produce chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) targeting human hepatocyte growth factor/c-Met (HGF/c-Met) protein and detect its cytotoxicity against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells H1975 in vitro. Methods: The whole gene sequence of c-Met CAR containing c-Met single-chain fragment variable was synthesized and linked to lentiviral vector plasmid, plasmid electrophoresis was used to detect the correctness of target gene. HEK293 cells were transfected with plasmid and the concentrated solution of the virus particles was collected. c-Met CAR lentivirus was transfected into T cells to obtain second-generation c-Met CAR-T and the expression of CAR sequences was verified by reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot, and the positive rate and cell subtypes of c-Met CAR-T cells were detected by flow cytometry. The positive expression of c-Met protein in NSCLC cell line H1975 was verified by flow cytometry, and the negative expression of c-Met protein in ovarian cancer cell line A2780 was selected as the control. The cytotoxicity of c-Met CAR-T to H1975 was detected by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity assay at 1∶1, 5∶1, 10∶1 and 20∶1 of effector: target cell ratio (E∶T). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the release of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-2 and IFN-γ from c-Met CAR-T co-cultured with H1975. Results: The size of band was consistent with that of designed c-Met CAR, suggesting that the c-Met CAR plasmid was successfully constructed. The results of gene sequencing were consistent with the original design sequence and lentivirus was successfully constructed. CAR molecules expression in T cells infected with lentivirus was detected by western blot and RT-qPCR, which showed c-Met CAR-T were successfully constructed. Flow cytometry results showed that the infection efficiency of c-Met CAR in T cells was over 38.4%, and the proportion of CD8(+) T cells was increased after lentivirus infection. The NSCLC cell line H1975 highly expressed c-Met while ovarian cancer cell line A2780 negatively expressed c-Met. LDH cytotoxicity assay indicated that the killing efficiency was positively correlated with the E∶T, and higher than that of control group, and the killing rate reached 51.12% when the E∶T was 20∶1. ELISA results showed that c-Met CAR-T cells released more IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-γ in target cell stimulation, but there was no statistical difference between c-Met CAR-T and T cells in the non-target group. Conclusions: Human NSCLC cell H1975 expresses high level of c-Met which can be used as a target for immunotherapy. CAR-T cells targeting c-Met have been successfully produced and have high killing effect on c-Met positive NSCLC cells in vitro.

Humans , Female , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Interleukin-2/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Cell Line, Tumor , HEK293 Cells , Lung Neoplasms , Ovarian Neoplasms , Immunotherapy, Adoptive
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1523-1530, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010003


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with ectopic high OCT4 expression on T-cell proliferation, activation and secretion in vitro.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from healthy children. Anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies were used to activate T lymphocytes, which were stimulated by interleukin (IL)-2 for one week in vitro. Then MSCs with ectopic high OCT4 expression (MSC-OCT4) were co-cultured with activated T lymphocytes. After one week of co-culture, the supernatant was collected and the levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines [IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ] were determined by flow cytometry. The lymphocytes after one week of co-culture were collected and counted by Countstar software. After the proportions of activated/inactivated T cell subsets were determined by flow cytometry, the absolute lymphocyte counts were calculated and expressed as mean ± standard deviation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control T cell alone culture group, the proliferation of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, and CD3+CD8+ T cells were significantly inhibited in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group. Compared with MSC, MSC-OCT4 could inhibit CD3+CD8+ T cell proliferation better (P =0.049), and mainly inhibited early T cell activation. Compared with control T cell alone culture group, the levels of IL-2 and INF-γ were significantly down-regulated both in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group.After co-culture with T cells for one week, the level of IL-6 significantly increased in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group compared with that before co-culture. Compared with control MSC group, MSC-OCT4 group had higher viable cell numbers after 1 week of co-culture (P =0.019), and could resist the inhibition of proliferation by higher concentration of mitomycin C.@*CONCLUSION@#Both MSC and MSC-OCT4 can inhibit the proliferation and activation of IL-2-stimulated T cells in vitro. After overexpression of OCT4, MSC has better proliferation ability in vitro and can inhibit the proliferation of CD3+CD8+ T cells more effectively, which may have a better and more lasting immunosuppressive ability to regulate the balance of Th1/Th2.

Child , Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1050-1055, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009963


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and prognostic value of cytokines in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients diagnosed with DLBCL in the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province from June 2017 to November 2018 were collected. The differences in expression levels of 14 serum cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-22, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF-β] in patients with different survival outcomes, and the impact of the cytokines on 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and 3-year overall survival (OS) of patients with DLBCL were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 14 cytokines, only the expression of IL-10 was significantly different in patients with different survival outcomes (P =0.007). According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal cut-off value for IL-10 was 11.74 pg/ml. Serum IL-10 was positively correlated with infection markers procalcitonin (PCT) (r =0.321, P =0.029), C-reactive protein (CRP) (r =0.320, P =0.013) and tumor burden index lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (r =0.439, P <0.001) in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients. The level of IL-10 in patients with pulmonary infection was significantly higher than that in patients without pulmonary infection (P =0.012). However, there was no statistically significant difference on the 3-year survival outcomes between patients with or without pulmonary infection. There was no significant difference in IL-10 level in patients with different Ann Arbor stages (P >0.05). Patients with high IL-10 level (IL-10>11.74 pg/ml) had significantly higher LDH level than those with low IL-10 level (IL-10≤11.74 pg/ml) (P <0.001). The 3-year PFS rate and 3-year OS rate of DLBCL patients with high IL-10 level were significantly lower than those of low IL-10 level group [(44.4±11.7)% vs (81.8±5.8)%, P <0.001; (61.6±11.5)% vs (93.2±3.8)%, P =0.001].@*CONCLUSION@#Serum IL-10 level in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients can reflect the inflammatory state of the body, which may be related to tumor load. Newly diagnosed DLBCL patients with serum IL-10>11.74 pg/ml have higher early mortality and worse prognosis.

Humans , Prognosis , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Retrospective Studies , China , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 878-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009443


Objective To investigate the role of proanthocyanidins (PC) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response and its possible mechanism in RAW264.7 macrophages. Methods RAW264.7 macrophages were cultured and treated with PBS and different concentrations of PC for 24 hours, followed by 1 μg/mL LPS for 6 hours. Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of interleukin1β (IL-1β), IL-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrotic factor α (TNF-α), IL-4 and arginase 1 (Arg1) in RAW264.7 macrophages. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of PBS group, LPS group and PC combined with LPS group on M1 and M2 polarization of macrophages. The protein expressions of silenced information regulator 1 (SIRT1), nuclear factor kappa B p65(NF-κB p65) and acetylated NF-κB p65 (Ace-p65) were detected by Western blot analysis after different concentrations of PC treatment. Co-immunoprecipitation assay was used to detect the binding effect of SIRT1 to NF-κB p65 in macrophages treated with PC. Results Compared with PBS group, the mRNA expression of macrophage pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1 and TNF-α decreased and the mRNA expression of anti-inflammatory factors IL-4 and Arg1 increased in PC group. Compared with LPS group, PC combined with LPS group could significantly inhibit M1 polarization and promote M2 polarization of macrophages. With the increase of PC concentration, the expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated, and NF-κB p65 protein did not change significantly. The expression of Ace-p65 protein decreased significantly when treated with high concentration of PC. Conclusion PC can significantly alleviate the LPS-induced inflammatory response by up-regulating the expression of SIRT1 and inhibiting NF-κB pathway in RAW264.7 macrophages.

Animals , Mice , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-6 , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages , NF-kappa B , Proanthocyanidins , RNA, Messenger , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 793-800, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009432


Objective To explore the aptamer specific binding blood group antigen-binding adhesin (BabA) of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) for blocking of H.pylori adhering host cell. Methods H.pylori strain was cultured and its genome was extracted as templates to amplify the BabA gene by PCR with designed primers. The BabA gene obtained was cloned and constructed into prokaryotic expression plasmid, which was induced by isopropyl beta-D-galactoside (IPTG) and purified as target. The single stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers that specifically bind to BabA were screened by SELEX. Enzyme-linked oligonucleotide assay (ELONA) was used to detect and evaluate the characteristics of candidate aptamers. The blocking effect of ssDNA aptamers on H.pylori adhesion was subsequently verified by flow cytometry and colony counting at the cell level in vitro and in mouse model of infection, respectively. Meanwhile, the levels of cytokines, interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), IL-10 and IL-4 in the homogenate of mouse gastric mucosa cells were detected by ELISA. Results The genome of H.pylori ATCC 43504 strains was extracted and the recombinant plasmid pET32a-BabA was constructed. After induction and purification, the relative molecular mass (Mr) of the recombinant BabA protein was about 39 000. The amino acid sequence of recombinent protein was consistent with BabA protein by peptide mass fingerprint (PMF). Five candidate aptamers were selected to bind to the above recombinent BabA protein by SELEX. The aptamers A10, A30 and A42 identified the same site, while A3, A16 and the above three aptamers identified different sites respectively. The aptamer significantly blocked the adhesion of H.pylori in vitro. Animal model experiments showed that the aptamers can block the colonization of H.pylori in gastric mucosa by intragastric injection and reduce the inflammatory response. The levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in gastric mucosal homogenates in the model group with aptamer treatment were lower than that of model group without treatment. Conclusion Aptamers can reduce the colonization of H.pylori in gastric mucosa via binding BabA to block the adhesion between H.pylori and gastric mucosal epithelial cells.

Animals , Mice , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Stomach , Oligonucleotides , Adhesins, Bacterial/genetics , Blood Group Antigens
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 708-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009421


Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHCD) on vascular endothelial injury in septic rats. Methods Fifty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis group (model group), low dose PHCD (0.3 mg/kg) group, medium dose PHCD (1.0 mg/kg) group and high dose PHCD (3.0 mg/kg) groups, ten mice for each group. Normal saline was injected into the tail vein of the control group, and 10 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected into the tail vein of the rats in other groups to prepare the sepsis rat models. After the models were successfully established, low, medium and high doses (0.3, 1.0, 3.0 mg/kg) of PHCD solution were injected into the tail vein of the rats of corresponding groups. Wet/dry mass ratio (W/D) of lung tissue of rats in each group was measured, and ELISA was used to assay interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-6 content and rat plasma angiopoietin 2 (Ang2) content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissues. Immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the expression of Ang2 in the right lung tissues. Western blot analysis was performed to detect Ang2 and vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) protein in lung tissues. Results Compared with the control group, the W/D ratio of the lung tissues of rats in the model group and the contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF were significantly increased; the lung tissues showed obvious pathological damage, with up-regulation of Ang2 expression and down-regulation of VE-Cadherin expression. Compared with the model group, the W/D ratio of the lung tissues of rats in three PHCD treatment groups and the contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF were significantly reduced; the pathological damage of lung tissue was significantly reduced, with down-regulation of Ang2 expression and up-regulation of VE-cadherin expression. Conclusion PHCD can reduce LPS-induced lung inflammation in rats with sepsis by regulating the Ang2/VE-Cadherin pathway, thereby improving vascular endothelial injury.

Rats , Mice , Animals , Male , Lipopolysaccharides/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Angiopoietin-2/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Lung , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Sepsis/metabolism
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 680-685, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009417


Objective To investigate the role of microRNA-18a (miR-18a) in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis in mice. Methods Twenty-two BALB/c mice were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group and a miR-18a group. Mice in the model group and the miR-18a group were injected intraperitoneally with obumin (OVA) suspension to prepare allergic rhinitis models, and mice in the miR-18a group were simultaneously given lentiviral vector plasmid for overexpression of miR-18a. Allergy symptoms were evaluated by the behavioral score and HE staining. The plasma levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were measured by ELISA. The distribution of CD45+ cells in nasal mucosa was measured by immunofluorescence histochemistry, and CD45+ cells in nasal lavage fluid were measured by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in nasal mucosa tissues were measured by fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the protein expressions of Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear factor κB p65 (NF-κB p65), inhibitor of NF-κB α (IκBα) and phosphorylated IκBα (p-IκBα) in nasal mucosa were measured by Western blot analysis. Results Compared with the blank group, the plasma levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the model group increased significantly. The number of CD45+ cells in both nasal mucosa tissue and nasal irrigation fluid increased, and the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α and the protein expression levels of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα in nasal mucosa increased. Compared with the model group, the plasma levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the miR-18a group decreased significantly. The number of CD45+ cells in both nasal mucosa tissue and nasal lavage fluid decreased, and the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α and the exprotein expression levels of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα in nasal mucosa decreased. Conclusion miR-18a can inhibit the occurrence and development of allergic rhinitis, and its molecular mechanism is related to the inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB pathway activation.

Animals , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation , Interleukin-6/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Rhinitis, Allergic , RNA, Messenger , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 854-858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009149


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of two types of temperature rinses on body temperature, inflammatory cytokine levels, and bleeding volume in percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients underwent percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected and divided into experimental group (40 cases) and control group(40 cases). In experimental group, there were 19 males and 21 females, aged (38.8±9.8) years old;7patients on L4,5 and 33 patients on L5S1;Body msss index(BMI) was (27.8±7.2) kg·m-2. In contral group, there were 18 males and 22 females, aged (41.5±10.9) years old, 5 patients on L4,5 and 35 patients on L5S1;BMI was (26.4±6.2) kg·m-2. The patients in the control group were received normal saline rinse at room temperature, and the patients in the experimental group were received normal saline rinse heated to 37 ℃. Body temperature, chills, nausea, vomiting, and other adverse reactions were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in two groups were recorded before and 2 hours after operation. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the degree of lumbar pain in two groups before and 2 hours after surgery. Fibrinolytic-coagulation indexes with preoperative and 2 hours after surgery, including the D-dimer (DD), fibrinogen degradation products (FDP), activated partial thrombin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) were recorder. Operation time and blood loss in two groups were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The body temperature of both groups showed a downward trend, while the body temperature of the control group was lower than that of the experimental group. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in two groups were increased 2 hours after surgery compared with those before surgery(P<0.05), while the levels in experimental group were lower than those in control group(P<0.05). Postoperative VAS in experimental group 2.19±1.13 was significantly lower than that in the control group 3.38±1.35(P<0.05). The levels of DD and FDP at 2 hours after surgery in both groups were higher than those before surgery (P<0.05), while the levels of DD and FDP in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in APTT and PT levels between two groups after operation (P>0.05). The blood loss in the experimental group of (45.2±14.1) ml was lower than that in the control group of (59.52±15.6) ml. The operation time of experimental group (46.7±13.8) min was less than that of control group (58.3±15.2) min(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Body temperature rinse can reduce the incidence of adverse reactions, alleviate local inflammatory reactions, reduce intraoperative blood loss and shorten the operation time.

Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Interleukin-10 , Body Temperature , Interleukin-6 , Saline Solution , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy