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1.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 47(1): 7-12, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088740

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study aimed to explore the effect of antidepressant treatment on the HPA axis, changes in depression score, and serum levels of TNF-α in depressed infertile women. Methods In this randomized controlled trial research, 60 infertile women who had undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment with depression scores between 16-47 were divided into two groups. The intervention group with fluoxetine capsule was under treatment for two months before the embryo transfer, while the control group was given placebo. Depression score, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) as well as cortisol hormone levels were measured and recorded both before and after the intervention. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 software. Results We analyzed the data related to 55 subjects who had undergone embryo transfer. 7 subjects in the intervention group and 3 in the control group got pregnant. We observed a significant decrease in the depression score (p < 0/001) and serum levels of cortisol (p = 0/001) in the intervention group. There was a significant increase in the serum levels of TNF-α in the intervention group (p < 0/001). There was a significant difference between the two groups in the number of pregnancies (p = 0.04). However, there was no statistical difference between them with regard to the number of harvested oocytes (p = 0.174). Discussion Decrease in depression score and cortisol level, and an increase in the levels of TNF-α in the intervention group caused any changes in the number of oocytes in comparison with the control group. However, the number of pregnancies was larger in the intervention group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fluoxetine/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Depression/drug therapy , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System/drug effects , Infertility, Female/psychology , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Hydrocortisone/blood , Fertilization in Vitro , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Treatment Outcome , Infertility, Female/therapy
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 4-10, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088773

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to investigate polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to explore the relationship between body fat percentage and metabolic markers. Subjects and methods Sedentary women were assigned to PCOS (N = 60) and CONTROL (N = 60) groups. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups according to body fat percentage (22-27%, 27-32% and 32-37%). The protocol consisted of assessments of glucose, insulin, androgens, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), leptin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Results The PCOS subgroups showed higher concentrations of androgens, LH and 17-OHP. Leptin showed direct relationship with increased body fat percentage, whereas adiponectin showed the inverse effect. However, both were unaffected by PCOS. TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in PCOS women and showed a direct relationship with increased body fat percentage. Glucose showed direct relationship with body fat percentage, whereas insulin presented higher values in PCOS women and direct relationship with increased body fat percentage. Conclusions Our findings indicate that PCOS and body fat percentage directly influence concentrations of insulin, TNF-α and IL-6, whereas leptin and adiponectin are influenced only by the increase in body fat percentage in these women. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2020;64(1):4-10


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Biomarkers/blood , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Metabolic Diseases/blood , Insulin Resistance , Luteinizing Hormone/blood , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , 17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone/blood , Leptin/blood , Adiponectin/blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/blood , Glucose/analysis , Androgens/blood , Insulin/blood
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9489, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132521

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease of knee joints involving pain and inflammation. Rhoifolin is a plant flavonoid known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study was taken to identify the effect of rhoifolin on complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in the rat model. Treatment with rhoifolin (10 and 20 mg/kg) showed a significant improvement in the overall health parameters such as paw edema and weight loss. This improvement in morphological parameters corroborated the findings with gross morphological changes observed in the histopathological analysis. Rhoifolin treatment also caused a significant decrease in oxidative stress, evident from changes in intracellular levels of glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, malondialdehyde, and superoxide dismutase in the articular cartilage tissue. Moreover, proinflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin(IL)-1β, and IL-6 showed a significant downregulation of gene expression and intracellular protein concentration levels. The NF-κB pathway showed a significant attenuation as evident in the significant reduction in the levels of NF-κB p65 and p-IκB-α. These results indicated that rhoifolin can be a natural therapeutic alternative to the extant regimens, which include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressants. Additionally, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action of rhoifolin was probably mediated by the NF-κB pathway. However, the exact target molecules of this pathway need to be determined in further studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Flavonoids/administration & dosage , Freund's Adjuvant/administration & dosage , Cytokines/blood , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Disaccharides/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , NF-kappa B/drug effects , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Glycosides/administration & dosage
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200016, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101450

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is an important cause of mortality and morbidity, and inflammatory response and oxidative stress play major roles underlying its pathophysiology. Here, we evaluated the effect of intraperitoneal etanercept administration on oxidative stress and inflammation indicators in the kidney and blood of experimental sepsis-induced rats. METHODS: Twenty-eight adult Sprague Dawley rats were classified into Control (Group 1), Sepsis (Group 2), Sepsis+Cefazolin (Group 3), and Sepsis+Cefazolin+Etanercept (Group 4) groups. Kidney tissue and serum samples were obtained for biochemical and histopathological investigations and examined for the C reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. RESULTS: The levels of TNF-α, TREM, and MDA in serum and kidney samples were significantly higher in rats from sepsis group than in rats from control group (p < 0.05). Group 3 showed a significant reduction in serum levels of TNF-α, CRP, and TREM as compared with Group 2 (p < 0.05). Serum TNF-α, CRP, TREM, and MDA levels and kidney TNF-α and TREM levels were significantly lower in Group 4 than in Group 2 (p < 0.05). Serum TNF-α and TREM levels in Group 4 were significantly lower than those in Group 3, and histopathological scores were significantly lower in Group 3 and Group 4 than in Group 2 (p < 0.05). Histopathological scores of Group 4 were significantly lower than those of Group 3 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Etanercept, a TNF-α inhibitor, may ameliorate sepsis-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and histopathological damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Sepsis/pathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Etanercept/administration & dosage , Inflammation/prevention & control , Kidney/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sepsis/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Etanercept/pharmacology , Inflammation/pathology , Injections, Intraperitoneal
5.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(5): 137-140, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054909

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Inflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of depression, and circulating inflammatory cytokines have been associated with depressive symptoms. However, measuring circulating cytokines have inherent methodological limitations. In vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated intracellular cytokines (ICCs) overcome these limitations. Furthermore, because psychosocial and physiological stressors activate inflammatory responses and LPS-stimulated ICCs reflect the inflammatory responsivity of monocytes to such stressors, ICCs may reflect individual stress responsivity. Methods This cross-sectional study examined whether LPS-stimulated expression of ICCs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is a sensitive inflammation measure correlated with depressive symptoms in 180 community-dwelling older adults. We tested correlations of not only intracellular but also circulating inflammatory markers with depressive symptoms assessed using the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Intracellular markers included expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and both in PBMCs. Circulating markers included IL-6, TNF-α, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in plasma. Results None of the correlations were statistically significant. However, in contrast to circulating markers, the correlations of ICCs were consistently in the expected direction, i.e., higher ICC expression correlating with higher depression severity. Discussion Despite the non-significant findings, further research is required for the evaluation of LPS-stimulated ICC expression as biomarkers of depressive symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Lipopolysaccharides , Cytokines/blood , Depression/physiopathology , Inflammation/physiopathology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , In Vitro Techniques , C-Reactive Protein , Monocytes/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Depression/blood , Inflammation/blood
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(8): 1061-1066, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041062

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the potential association of foot pain and plasmatic adipocytes as physiological biomarkers of childhood obesity with the incidence of flatfoot in a cohort of Egyptian school children aged 6 -12 years. METHODS A total of 550 Egyptian schoolchildren (220 boys and 330 girls) aged 6-12 years were randomly invited to participate in this descriptive survey analysis. For all children, we assessed the diagnosis and severity of flatfoot as well as plasma adipocytes, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, and TNF-α, using the Dennis method and immunoassay techniques respectively. Foot pain was assessed by using a standard VAS of 100 mm and Faces Pain Scale, respectively. RESULTS Flat foot was predicted in 30.4% of school-age children, most of them showed a higher frequency of overweight (33.3%) and obesity (62.5%). Boys showed higher ranges of flat foot than girls. Foot pain significantly correlated with flat foot and obesity among the studied populations. In overweight-obese children, plasmatic adipocyte variables, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, TNF-α.; showed significant correlations with foot stance, especially in boys. Also, the studied adipocyte variables along with BMI, age, gender explained about~65% of the variance of flatfoot with pain among our school-age students. CONCLUSION Foot pain showed an association with flat foot and childhood obesity in 30.4% of school-age students (6-12 years). Foot pain was shown to correlate positively with the incidence of flat foot and changes in adiposity markers, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, Il-6, TNF-α


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a potencial associação de dor no pé e adipócitos plasmáticos como biomarcadores fisiológicos da obesidade infantil com incidência de pé plano em uma coorte de escolares egípcios de 6 a 12 anos. MÉTODOS Um total de 550 escolares egípcios (220 meninos e 330 meninas) com idades entre 6 e 12 anos foram convidados aleatoriamente para participar desta análise descritiva. Para todas as crianças, diagnóstico e gravidade do flatfoot, bem como adipócitos plasmáticos; adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6 e TNF-α; foram avaliados pelo método de Dennis e técnicas de imunoensaio, respectivamente. A dor no pé foi avaliada usando uma EVA padrão de 100 mm e a Faces Pain Scale, respectivamente. RESULTADOS O pé plano foi predito em 30,4% das crianças em idade escolar; a maioria apresentou maior frequência de sobrepeso (33,3%) e obesidade (62,5%). Os meninos apresentaram maiores faixas de pé plano do que as meninas. A dor no pé correlacionou-se significativamente com pé plano e obesidade entre as populações estudadas. Em crianças obesas com sobrepeso, variáveis adipocitárias plasmáticas; adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6 e TNF-α; apresentaram correlação significativa com a postura do pé, em meninos e meninas. Além disso, as variáveis estudadas dos adipócitos, juntamente com o IMC, idade e sexo, explicaram cerca de 65% da variância do pé plano com a dor entre os nossos alunos em idade escolar. CONCLUSÃO A dor no pé mostrou associação com pé plano e obesidade infantil em 30,4% dos estudantes em idade escolar (6-12 anos). A dor no pé se correlacionou positivamente com a incidência de pé plano e a mudança nos marcadores de adiposidade; adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6, TNF-α.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Aged, 80 and over , Pain/blood , Flatfoot/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Adipocytes/chemistry , Obesity/blood , Pain/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Pain Measurement , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flatfoot/complications , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Leptin/blood , Adiponectin/blood , Resistin/blood , Obesity/complications
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(4): 248-253, Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001354

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Fatigue is one of the most frequent and disabling symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS). Central, psychological, and peripheral factors may contribute to the occurrence of fatigue. Objectives: The current study aimed to evaluate potential fatigue determinants in patients with relapsing-remitting MS with a low functional impairment. Methods: We compared inflammatory markers, respiratory pressures, disability, and quality of life in 39 relapsing-remitting MS patients with and without fatigue. Results: Patients with relapsing-remitting MS with fatigue had higher Expanded Disability Status Scale scores (p = 0.002). We observed a significant association between the results of the Guy Neurological Disability Scale, the Functional Assessment of MS Quality of Life Rating Scale and the presence of fatigue (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The degree of functional impairment is a determinant for the presence of fatigue in MS patients, but respiratory function and inflammatory markers are not.


RESUMO A fadiga é um dos sintomas mais frequentes e incapacitantes na esclerose múltipla (EM). Fatores centrais, psicológicos e periféricos podem contribuir para a ocorrência de fadiga. Objetivos: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar potenciais determinantes de fadiga em pacientes com EM remitente-recorrente (EMRR) com baixo nível de incapacidade funcional. Métodos: Foram comparados marcadores inflamatórios, pressões respiratórias, incapacidade e qualidade de vida em 39 pacientes com EMRR com e sem fadiga. Resultados: Pacientes com EMRR com fadiga apresentaram maior Escala de Incapacidade Funcional Expandida (p = 0,002). Observamos uma associação significativa entre os resultados da Escala de Incapacidade Neurológica de Guy e Escala de Avaliação da Qualidade de Vida Funcional com a presença de fadiga (valores de p < 0,05). Conclusão: O grau de comprometimento funcional, mas não a função respiratória e os marcadores inflamatórios, são determinantes para a presença de fadiga em pacientes com EM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Muscle Fatigue/physiology , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/complications , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/physiopathology , Fatigue/complications , Fatigue/physiopathology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life , Respiration , Severity of Illness Index , Multivariate Analysis , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disability Evaluation , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 361-369, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1003035

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: There is no strong evidence on the link between inflammatory profile and pattern of drug treatment response in depressive patients that could result in Coronary Artery Disease occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the subclinical atherosclerosis markers, inflammatory profile, and BDNF production in Resistant Depression (RD) or Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) patients under conventional treatment. METHODS: The population evaluated was comprised of 34 RD, 43 BAD, and 41 controls. Subclinical atherosclerosis markers were evaluated using ultrasonography, tomography, and exercise stress test. Plasma concentrations of TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, and BDNF were measured using Luminex100™. The usCRP concentration was measured using turbidimetric immunoassay. IL1B, IL6, and TNFA expression were determined using TaqMan®. For the statistical analysis, the significance level was established at p<0.05. RESULTS: Concerning subclinical atherosclerosis markers, only O2 consumption was reduced in the BAD group (p = 0.001). Although no differences were found in gene expression, BDNF and IL-1β plasma concentration was increased in the RD group (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005, respectively) even with an antidepressant treatment, which suggests that these drugs have no effect in IL-1β secretion and that the inflammasome may play a role in therapy response. CONCLUSION: Taken together, both BDNF and IL-1β plasma concentrations could be used to the early identification of RD patients.


RESUMO FUNDAMENTAÇÃO: Não há fortes evidências sobre a associação entre o perfil inflamatório e o padrão de resposta ao tratamento medicamentoso em pacientes depressivos que podem resultar em ocorrência de doença coronariana. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os marcadores de aterosclerose subclínica, o perfil inflamatório e a produção de BDNF em pacientes com Depressão Resistente (DR) ou Transtorno Afetivo Bipolar (BAD) sob tratamento convencional. MÉTODOS: A população avaliada incluiu 34 RD, 43 BAD e 41 controles. Os marcadores de aterosclerose subclínica foram avaliados por ultrassonografia, tomografia e teste de esforço. As concentrações plasmáticas de TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6 e BDNF foram medidas utilizando Luminex100TM. A concentração de usCRP foi medida por imunoensaio turbidimétrico. A expressão de IL1B, IL6 e TNFA foi determinada usando TaqMan®. Para as análises estatísticas, foi estabelecido o nível de significância de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Quanto aos marcadores de aterosclerose subclínica, apenas o consumo de O2 foi reduzido no grupo BAD (p = 0,001). Embora não tenham sido encontradas diferenças na expressão gênica, a concentração plasmática de BDNF e IL-1β foi aumentada no grupo RD (p = 0,002 e p = 0,005, respectivamente) mesmo sob tratamento antidepressivo, o que sugere que esses medicamentos não têm efeito na secreção de IL-1β e que o inflamassomo pode desempenhar um papel na resposta terapêutica. CONCLUSÃO: Juntas, as concentrações BDNF e IL-1β poderiam ser usadas para a identificação precoce de pacientes com DR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Bipolar Disorder/blood , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/blood , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant/blood , Reference Values , Bipolar Disorder/diagnosis , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Predictive Value of Tests , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Atherosclerosis/blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant/diagnosis , Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(1): 22-29, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989289

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between inflammatory cytokines, placental weight, glycated hemoglobin and adverse perinatal outcomes (APOs) in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Subjects and methods: This was a prospective, longitudinal and observational study conducted from April 2004 to November 2005 in Bauru, Brazil. Included patients had singleton pregnancies and performed a 100 g OGTT and had the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, TNF alfa and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) determined at 24-28th gestation weeks. Results: A total of 176 patients were included, of whom 78 had the diagnosis of GDM (44.3%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that HbA1c, age, body mass index (BMI) and previous history of GDM were independent predictors for GDM diagnosis. ROC curve indicated that HbA1C levels ≥ 5.1% at 24-28 weeks gestation were associated with GDM. No difference was found in IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and CRP serum levels in women with and without GDM. Multivariate analysis showed that placental weight was significantly associated with APOs (p < 0.005), with a cut-off value of 610 grams as demonstrated by the ROC curve. Conclusion: Placental weight ≥ 610 grams and HbA1C ≥ 5.1% were found to be associated with APOs and GDM, respectively, and their evaluation should be part of prenatal care routine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Placenta/pathology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Diabetes, Gestational/blood , Pregnancy Outcome , Biomarkers/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
10.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 35, jan. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE Analyze whether inflammatory markers are associated with falls among older adults living in Bambuí. METHODS Study that analyzed baseline data from a Bambuí Cohort Study of Aging, involving 1,250 participants. Data about falls were collected from previous 12 months, classified as single or multiple occurrence and severity (participant seeking health services). Information about sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviors and health condition was also collected and used as confounding factors. The exposures of interest included interleukins (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP) and chemokines (CXCL9, CCL5, CCL10, MCP1). Data were processed through logistic regression, obtaining odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS The prevalence of falls was 27.1%; 40.1% of the older adults reported multiple falls and 33.3% sought health services. After adjustments, the following elevated levels were associated with falls: us-CRP (OR = 1.46, 95%CI 1.04-2.03), CCL5 (OR = 1.38, 95%CI 1.01-1.90) and CXCL9 (OR = 1.43, 95%CI 1.02-2.02). An association was observed between the number of elevated markers and the occurrence of falls: two (OR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.02-2.12) and three (OR = 2.08, 95%CI 1.12-3.87) elevated biomarkers indicated fall probability of 32.0% and 39.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Elevated levels of us-CRP, CCL5 and CXCL9, which were associated with falls, may contribute to a proper understanding of the mechanism associated with the occurrence of falls among older people.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar se marcadores inflamatórios estão associados a quedas em idosos vivendo na comunidade. MÉTODOS Estudo da coorte de idosos de Bambuí, envolvendo 1.250 participantes da linha de base do projeto. Foram coletadas informações sobre quedas nos últimos 12 meses, classificadas quanto à ocorrência (única ou múltipla) e gravidade (procura por serviços de saúde). O inquérito também continha informações a respeito das características sociodemográficas, comportamentais e condições de saúde, as quais foram utilizadas como fatores de confusão. As exposições pesquisadas incluíram: interleucinas (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 e IL-12), fator de necrose tumoral (TNF), proteína C reativa ultrassensível (PCRus) e quimiocinas (CXCL9, CCL5, CCL10 e MCP1). O tratamento dos dados foi realizado por meio de regressão logística, obtendo-se odds ratio e intervalo de 95% de confiança (IC95%). RESULTADOS A prevalência de queda foi 27,1%; 40,1% dos idosos relataram quedas múltiplas e 33,3% procuraram serviços de saúde. Após ajustes, permaneceram associados às quedas os níveis elevados de PCRus (OR = 1,46; IC95% 1,04-2,03), CCL5 (OR = 1,38; IC95% 1,01-1,90) e CXCL9 (OR = 1,43; IC95% 1,02-2,02). Houve associação entre o número de marcadores elevados e a ocorrência de quedas: dois (OR = 1,47; IC95% 1,02-2,12) e três (OR = 2,08; IC95% 1,12-3,87) biomarcadores aumentados predisseram probabilidades de quedas iguais a 32,0% e 39,4%, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES Os níveis elevados de PCRus, CCL5 e CXCL9, que estiveram associados a quedas, podem contribuir para o adequado entendimento do mecanismo associado à ocorrência desse evento em idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Accidental Falls , Aging , Interleukins/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Chemokines/blood , Brazil , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Educational Status , Middle Aged
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e032, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001608

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effects of astragaloside IV (AsIV) on inflammation and immunity in rats with experimental periodontitis. Periodontitis was established in 48 Wistar rats, which were then randomly divided into model and 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg AsIV groups, with 12 rats in each group. The latter 3 groups were treated with AsIV at doses of 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg, respectively. The control group (12 rats, without periodontitis) and model group were given the same amount of 5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. The treatment was performed once per day for 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, the tooth mobility scores of the rats were determined. After treatment, the salivary occult blood index (SOBI), plaque index (PLI), peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets, and serum inflammatory factor and immunoglobulin levels were determined. The results showed that, after treatment, compared with that in model group, in 40 mg/kg AsIV group, the general state of rats was improved, while the tooth mobility score, SOBI and PLI were significantly decreased (p < 0.05); the peripheral blood CD4+ T cell percentage and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were significantly increased (p < 0.05), while the CD8+ T cell percentage was significantly decreased (p < 0.05); the serum tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β and interleukin-2 levels were significantly decreased (p < 0.05); the serum immunoglobulin A and immunoglobulin G levels were significantly decreased (p < 0.05). In conclusion, AsIV can alleviate inflammation and enhance immunity in rats with experimental periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Saponins/pharmacology , Triterpenes/pharmacology , Immune System/drug effects , Periodontitis/immunology , Periodontitis/pathology , Reference Values , Tooth Mobility , Immunoglobulins/blood , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Interleukin-2/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Interleukin-1beta/blood
12.
Clinics ; 74: e981, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Muscle wasting contributes to the reduced quality of life and increased mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Muscle atrophy in mice with cachexia was caused by Activin A binding to ActRIIB. The role of circulating Activin A leading to muscle atrophy in COPD remains elusive. METHODS: In the present study, we evaluated the relationship between serum levels of Activin A and skeletal muscle wasting in COPD patients. The expression levels of serum Activin A were measured in 78 stable COPD patients and in 60 healthy controls via ELISA, which was also used to determine the expression of circulating TNF-α levels. Total skeletal muscle mass (SMM) was calculated according to a validated formula by age and anthropometric measurements. The fat-free mass index (FFMI) was determined as the fat-free mass (FFM) corrected for body surface area. RESULTS: Compared to the healthy controls, COPD patients had upregulated Activin A expression. The elevated levels of Activin A were correlated with TNF-α expression, while total SMM and FFMI were significantly decreased in COPD patients. Furthermore, serum Activin A expression in COPD patients was negatively associated with both FFMI and BMI. CONCLUSION: The above results showed an association between increased circulating Activin A in COPD patients and the presence of muscle atrophy. Given our previous knowledge, we speculate that Activin A contributes to skeletal muscle wasting in COPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Muscular Atrophy/etiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Activins/blood , Cachexia/metabolism , Muscular Atrophy/metabolism , Muscular Atrophy/blood , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Muscle, Skeletal/physiopathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/blood , Activins/metabolism , Inhibin-beta Subunits
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8392, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011613

ABSTRACT

The term inflammaging is now widely used to designate the inflammatory process of natural aging. During this process, cytokine balance is altered, presumably due to the loss of homeostasis, thus contributing to a greater predisposition to disease and exacerbation of chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between pro-inflammatory markers and age in the natural aging process of healthy individuals. One hundred and ten subjects were divided into 5 groups according to age (22 subjects/group). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were quantified using the ELISA method. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was analyzed by turbidimetry according to laboratory procedures. The main findings of this study were: a positive correlation between hsCRP and IL-6 as a function of age (110 subjects); women showed stronger correlations; the 51-60 age group had the highest values for hsCRP and IL-6; women presented higher values for hsCRP in the 51-60 age group and higher values for IL-6 in the 61-70 age group; and men showed higher values in the 51-60 age group for hsCRP and IL-6. In conclusion, the natural aging process increased IL-6 and hsCRP levels, which is consistent with the inflammaging theory; however, women presented stronger correlations compared to men (IL-6 and hsCRP) and the 51-60 age range seems to be a key point for these increases. These findings are important because they indicate that early preventive measures may minimize the increase in these inflammatory markers in natural human aging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Aging/physiology , Immunosenescence/physiology , Inflammation/blood , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Triglycerides/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Sex Factors , Cholesterol/blood , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(7): e8434, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011593

ABSTRACT

The natural flavonoid glycoside baicalin (BA) produces a variety of pharmaceutical effects, particularly for psychiatric/neurological disorders. This study evaluated the behavioral and neuroprotective effects of BA in mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress, a model of depression. BA (25 and 50 mg/kg) significantly increased sucrose consumption and reduced immobility times in the tail suspension and forced swim tests, demonstrating that BA alleviated depression-like behaviors. Moreover, BA reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 1β, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α, in serum and in the hippocampus. BA also abrogated increases in NMDAR/NR2B and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, and the decrease in phosphorylated ERK and reactive oxygen species production in mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress. These findings suggested that the antidepressive effects of BA are due to the regulation of an NMDAR/NR2B-ERK1/2-related pathway and inhibition of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress. Thus, BA represents a potential candidate drug for patients suffering from depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Flavonoids/administration & dosage , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hindlimb Suspension/psychology , Depressive Disorder/drug therapy , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Depressive Disorder/metabolism , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Mice, Inbred C57BL
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(8): e201900805, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038124

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the effect of sevoflurane preconditioning on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced pulmonary/hepatic injury Methods Fifty-one Wistar rats were randomly grouped into sham, I/R, and sevoflurane groups. After reperfusion, the structural change of the lung was measured by Smith score, the wet and dry weights (W/D) were determined, malondialdehyde (MDA) myeloperoxidase (MPO) content was determined colorimetrically and by fluorescence, respectively, and matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9) mRNA was quantified by RT-PCR. Biopsy and morphological analyses were performed on liver tissue, activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were determined, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) level was determined. Results The sham group showed no changes in tissue structure. Structural lesions in the sevoflurane and I/R groups were mild and severe, respectively. Smith score, W/D, MDA, MPO, and MMP mRNA showed the same trend, and were increased in the I/R group and recovered in the sevoflurane group, compared with the sham group (both P<0.05). AST and ALT were significantly increased compared to the sham group (AST: 655±52.06 vs . 29±9.30 U/L; ALT: 693±75.56 vs . 37±6.71 U/L; P<0.05). In the sevoflurane group, AST and ALT levels were significantly decreased (464±47.71 and 516±78.84 U/L; P<0.001). TNF-α presented similar results. Conclusion The protection of lung and liver by sevoflurane may be mediated by inhibited leukocyte recruitment and MMP-9 secretion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Anesthetics, Inhalation/therapeutic use , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Liver/blood supply , Lung/blood supply , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Peroxidase/analysis , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Sevoflurane/therapeutic use , Ischemia/prevention & control , Liver/drug effects , Liver/pathology , Lung/drug effects , Lung/pathology , Malondialdehyde/analysis
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 945-953, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973475

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of oxymatrine on periodontitis in rats and related mechanism. Methods: Ninety SD rats were divided into control, model, 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg oxymatrine and tinidazole groups. The periodontitis model was established in later 5 groups. The 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg oxymatrine groups were intragastrically administrated with 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg oxymatrine, respectively. The tinidazole group was intragastrically administrated with 100 mg/kg tinidazole. The treatment duration was 4 weeks. The tooth mobility, gingival and plaque indexes, serum inflammatory factor levels and gingival tissue matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) protein levels were detected. Results: After treatment, compared with model group, in 40 mg/kg oxymatrine group the rat general conditions were obviously improved, the tooth mobility, gingival index and plaque index were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the serum tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β and prostaglandin E2 levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the TIMP-2 protein level was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions: Oxymatrine can alleviate the experimental periodontitis in rats. The mechanism may be related to its inhibiting inflammatory factor secretion and regulating MMPs/TIMP protein expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Quinolizines/pharmacology , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Tinidazole , Dinoprostone/blood , Random Allocation , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinases/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Gingiva/pathology
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(6): 558-563, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977403

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: An ultrasound guided femoral nerve block is an established analgesic method in patients with a hip fracture. Elevated cytokine levels correlate with poor patient outcomes after surgery. Hence, the aim of the study was to describe the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α after an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block in elderly patients having a femoral neck fracture. Methods: A total of 32 patients were allocated into two treatment groups: 16 patients (femoral nerve block group; ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block with up to 20 mL of 0.3 mL.kg−1 of 0.5% bupivacaine and intravenous tramadol) and 16 patients (standard management group; up to 3 mL of 0.9% saline in the femoral sheath and intravenous tramadol). Tumor necrosis factor-α and visual analogue scale scores were evaluated immediately before the femoral nerve block and again at 4, 24, and 48 h after the femoral nerve block. All surgery was performed electively after 48 h of femoral nerve block. Results: The femoral nerve block group had a significantly lower mean tumor necrosis factor-α level at 24 (4.60 vs. 8.14, p < 0.001) and 48 h (5.05 vs. 8.56, p < 0.001) after the femoral nerve block, compared to the standard management group. The femoral nerve block group showed a significantly lower mean visual analogue scale score at 4 (3.63 vs. 7.06, p < 0.001) and 24 h (4.50 vs. 5.75, p < 0.001) after the femoral nerve block, compared to the standard management group. Conclusions: Ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block using 0.3 mL.kg−1 of 0.5% bupivacaine up to a maximum of 20 mL resulted in a significant lower tumor necrosis factor-α level.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O bloqueio do nervo femoral guiado por ultrassom é um método analgésico estabelecido em pacientes com fratura de quadril. Níveis elevados de citocinas estão correlacionados com resultados desfavoráveis para o paciente após a cirurgia. Portanto, o objetivo do estudo foi descrever os níveis do fator de necrose tumoral alfa após bloqueio do nervo femoral guiado por ultrassom em pacientes idosos com fratura do colo de fêmur. Métodos: No total, 32 pacientes foram alocados em dois grupos de tratamento: 16 pacientes (grupo bloqueio do nervo femoral; bloqueio do nervo femoral guiado por ultrassom com até 20 mL de bupivacaína a 0,5% (0,3 mL.kg−1) e tramadol intravenoso) e 16 pacientes (grupo tratamento padrão, até 3 mL de solução salina a 0,9% na bainha femoral e tramadol intravenoso). Os escores do fator de necrose tumoral alfa e da Escala Visual Analógica foram avaliados imediatamente antes do bloqueio do nervo femoral e novamente em 4, 24 e 48 horas pós-bloqueio do nervo femoral. Todas as cirurgias foram realizadas de forma eletiva após 48 horas de bloqueio do nervo femoral. Resultados: O grupo bloqueio do nervo femoral teve um nível médio de fator de necrose tumoral alfa significativamente menor em 24 (4,60 vs. 8,14, p < 0,001) e 48 horas (5,05 vs. 8,56, p < 0,001) pós-bloqueio do nervo femoral, comparado com o grupo tratamento padrão. O grupo bloqueio do nervo femoral apresentou uma média significativamente menor no escore da Escala Visual Analógica em 4 (3,63 vs. 7,06, p < 0,001) e 24 horas (4,50 vs. 5,75, p < 0,001) pós-bloqueio do nervo femoral, em comparação com o grupo tratamento padrão. Conclusões: O bloqueio do nervo femoral guiado por ultrassom utilizando 0,3 mL.kg−1 de bupivacaína a 0,5% até o máximo de 20 mL resultou em um nível significativamente menor de fator de necrose tumoral alfa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Femoral Neck Fractures/blood , Nerve Block/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Femoral Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 1012-1016, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976795

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to investigate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) on elder choledocholithiasis and its effects on the levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6. METHODS: Elder patients with choledocholithiasis were enrolled in this study, and according to the surgical methods, they were divided into the ERCP group and the surgical group. After treatment, we compared the efficacy of these two methods on patients, inflammatory responses indicated by the levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6, and the complications. RESULTS: No statistical significance was identified in the difference of the success rate in removal between the two groups (98% vs. 94%), but indicators of the ERCP group, including the surgical duration (28.5±12.8) min, remission duration of abdominal pain (1.2±0.2) d, recession time of jaundice (2.0±0.3) d, postoperative bedridden time (1.4±0.2) d, treatment time of the anti-infection (1.5±0.2) d, length of stay in hospital (6.5±0.3) d, levels of TNF-α (2.1±0.2) μg/L, IL-1 (6.3±0.8) μg/L, IL-6 (2.8±0.3) μg/L, and the incidence rate of complications (1.8%), were all significantly lower than those in the surgical group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of choledocholithiasis, ERCP is excellent in controlling the trauma, accelerating the recovery duration, reducing the occurrence of complications and ameliorating the inflammatory responses. Thus, it is an ideal choice for choledocholithiasis.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Realizamos este estudo para investigar a eficácia clínica da colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP) na coledocolitíase idosa e seus efeitos nos níveis de TNF-α, IL-1 e IL-6. MÉTODOS: Pacientes idosos com coledocolitíase foram matriculados neste estudo. De acordo com os métodos cirúrgicos, eles foram divididos em grupo ERCP e grupo cirúrgico. Após o tratamento, comparamos a eficácia desses dois métodos em pacientes, respostas inflamatórias indicadas pelos níveis de TNF-α, IL-1 e IL-6 e as complicações. RESULTADOS: Não houve significância estatística na diferença da taxa de sucesso na remoção entre os dois grupos (98% versus 94%), mas indicadores do grupo ERCP, incluindo a duração cirúrgica (28,5 ± 12,8) min, duração da remissão da dor abdominal (1,2 ± 0,2) d, tempo de recessão de icterícia (2,0 ± 0,3) d, tempo pós-operatório (1,4 ± 0,2) d, tempo de tratamento da infecção (1,5 ± 0,2) d, duração da internação (6,5 ± 0,3) d, níveis de TNF-α (2,1 ± 0,2) μg / L, IL-1 (6,3 ± 0,8) μg / L, IL-6 (2,8 ± 0,3) μg / L e a taxa de incidência de complicações (1,8 %) foram todos significativamente inferiores aos do grupo cirúrgico (p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: No tratamento da coledocolitíase, a ERCP é excelente no controle do trauma, acelerando a duração da recuperação, reduzindo a ocorrência de complicações e melhorando as respostas inflamatórias. Assim, é uma escolha ideal para a coledocolitíase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-1/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Postoperative Period , Treatment Outcome , Choledocholithiasis/blood , Choledocholithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
19.
West Indian med. j ; 67(3): 238-242, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045847

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To observe the effect of thymosin alpha l (Tα1) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in rats. Methods: Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups (eight in each group): control group (Group A), SAP group (Group B) and Tα1 treatment group (Group C). Animal models of SAP were made by retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct. Rats in Group C were treated with Tα1 (6 mg/kg) via intraperitoneal administration prior to SAP modelling. Eight rats in each group were sacrificed at 12 hours, respectively, after modelling. The serum levels of amylase, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-lβ (IL-lβ and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected in each group. The pathological scores of the tissue in the pancreas head were observed by light microscopy. Results: The levels of serum amylase of Group B were 6378 ± 538 U/L, which were significantly higher than those (4587 ± 478 U/L) of Group C (p < 0.05). The levels of serum TNF-α of Group B were 360.32 ± 28.67 pg/mL, which were higher than those (269.99 ± 26.11 pg/mL) of Group C (p < 0.05). The levels of serum IL-lβ of Group B were 435.93 ± 36.00 pg/mL, which were higher than those (312.42 ± 17.89 pg/mL) of Group C (p < 0.05). The levels of serum IL-6 of Group B were 433.90 ± 28.36 pg/mL, which were higher than those (289.98 ± 23.00 pg/mL) of Group C (p < 0.05). The pancreatic pathological scores of Group B were 13.34 ± 2.19, which were higher than those (6.39 ± 1.86) of Group C (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Thymosin alpha 1 could decrease proinflammatory cytokines and reduce pancreas injury and had a protective effect in rats with SAP. This provides a new strategy for the clinical treatment of SAP.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Observar el efecto de la timosina alfa l (Tα1) sobre la pancreatitis aguda grave (PAG) en ratas. Métodos: Veinticuatro ratas Sprague-Dawley adultas machos fueron divididas aleatoriamente en tres grupos (ocho en cada grupo): grupo de control (grupo A), grupo de PAG (grupo B) y grupo de tratamiento con Tα1 (grupo C). Los modelos animales de PAG fueron creados mediante inyección retrógrada de taurocolato de sodio al 5% en el conducto biliopancreático. Las ratas del grupo C se trataron con Tα1 (6 mg/kg) via administración intraperitoneal antes del modelado de PAG. Las ocho ratas en cada grupo fueron sacrificadas a las 12 horas, respectivamente, después del modelado. Los niveles séricos de amilasa, factor-α de necrosis tumoral (TNF-α), interleucina-β (Il-β) e interleucina-6 (IL-6) fueron detectados en cada grupo. Las puntuaciones patológicas del tejido en la cabeza del páncreas fueron observadas mediante microscopía de luz. Resultados: Los niveles de amilasa sérica del grupo B fueron 6378 ± 538 U/L, y resultaron significativamente más altos (p < 0.05) que los niveles 4587 ± 478 U/L del grupo C. Los niveles séricos de TNF-α del grupo B fueron 360.32 ± 28.67 pg/mL, y resultaron ser más altos (p < 0.05) que los 269.99 ± 26.11 pg/mL del grupo C. Los niveles séricos de Il-β del grupo B fueron 435.93 ± 36.00 pg/mL, y fueron más altos (p < 0.05) que los 312.42 ± 17.89 pg/mL) del grupo C. Los niveles de suero IL-6 del grupo B fueron 433.90 ± 28.36 pg/mL, y resultaron ser más altos (p < 0.05) que los 289.98 ± 23.00 pg/mL del grupo C. Las puntuaciones patológicas pancreáticas del grupo B fueron 13.34 ± 2.19, y resultaron ser más altas (p < 0.05) que las puntuaciones 6.39 ± 1.86 del grupo C. Conclusión: La timosina alfa pudo disminuir las citoquinas proinflamatorias y reducir la lesión del páncreas, y tuvo un efecto protector en las ratas con PAG. Esto ofrece una nueva estrategia para el tratamiento clínico de PAG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pancreatitis/drug therapy , Biomarkers/blood , Adjuvants, Immunologic/administration & dosage , Thymalfasin/administration & dosage , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease , Interleukins/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Amylases/blood
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 799-805, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973496

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate if Moringa oleifera leaf aqueous extract (ME) influences the healing of skin wounds of diabetic rats. Methods: Wistar rats were used (6 rats/group). Group 1 received normal saline (NS) v.o. Group 2 received moringa extract (100mg/kg v.o) for 3 weeks. Groups 3 and 4: Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetes. Group 3 received NS; Group 4 received aqueous ME (100mg/kg) v.o.The wounds of groups 1 and 3 rats were topically treated with NS; wounds of groups 2 and 4 treated with 200µL of 10% ME. After anesthesia, all rats had skin square excision wounds 1.5cm2. Wound percent contractions were measured. On 10th day, blood glucose and serum cytokines were measured. Histometry of wounds was studied using ImagePro6.0 software. Results: Glycemia was significantly reduced in ME treated rats. These rats had higher percent contraction of the wounds on 2nd, 5th and 10th days, then controls (p<0.05). Diabetic rats treated with NS had TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 expression higher than in rats receiving ME. The histopathological score of ME treated diabetic rats (198±13.7) was significantly higher than treatment with NS (145±10.5). Conclusion: ME extract positively influenced healing of wounds in diabetic rats after systemic and topical treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Moringa oleifera/chemistry , Administration, Topical , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
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