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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887991

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and the possible mechanism of Shenlian( SL) extract on tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α)-induced ECV304 injury. After the establishment of TNF-α-induced ECV304 cells injure model,MTT assay was used to detect cell viability and the level of reactive oxygen species( ROS) was measured by flow cytometry. The contents of superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),nitric oxide( NO),endothelin-1( ET-1) and interleukin-1β( IL-1β) in the supernatant were detected by biochemical method and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins B-lymphoma-2 gene( Bcl-2),Bcl-2 associated X protein( Bax),caspase-3,caspase-9 and nuclear factor E2 associated factor2( Nrf2)/Kelch like epichlorohydrin associated protein-1( Keap1) signaling pathway related proteins Nrf2,Keap1,quinone oxidoreductase( NQO1) and heme oxygenase 1( HO-1) were detected by Western blot. The results showed that 50 μg·L-1 TNF-α significantly damaged ECV304 cells,induced the impairment of cell viability( P<0. 01),the increase of ROS production,the decrease of SOD activity,and the increase of MDA,NO,ET-1 and IL-1β( P<0. 01),meanwhile,it caused the up-regulation of Keap1,caspase-9 and Bax protein expression,and down-regulation of NQO1 and Bcl-2 protein expression( P<0. 05) compared with the control group.Compared with the model group,SL extract reduced the damage of ECV304 cells induced by TNF-α,improved cell viability,reduced ROS production,increased SOD activity and decreased MDA,NO,ET-1,IL-1β content( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). In addition,SL extract also down-regulated the protein expression levels of Keap1,caspase-3,caspase-9 and Bax,and increased the protein expressions of Nrf2,NQO1,HO-1 and Bcl-2( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). The above results indicate that SL extract can provide protective effect on ECV304 cells injury induced by TNF-α,alleviate oxidative stress injury,inflammation and apoptosis,and its mechanism may be related to regulating Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Plant Extracts , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) are important source of periodontal tissue reconstruction. Under chronic inflammation, the multi-directional differentiation potential and chemotaxis in hPDLCs are decreased. Therefore, inhibiting inflammatory microenvironment and improving the functional characteristics of stem cells can better promote periodontal tissue reconstruction. This study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin (AST) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in hPDLCs and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#hPDLCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, and vimentin and keratin immunocytochemical staining were used to identify hPDLCs. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the effects of AST (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L) on proliferation of hPDLCs. Quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and ELISA were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α) in the control (Con) group, the LPS group, and the LPS+AST (5, 10, 20, and 50 μmol/L) group. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of IKBα, phosphorylated IKBα (p-IKBα), and p65 in the Con group, the LPS group, the AST (20 μmol/L) group, and the LPS+AST (20 μmol/L) group. After 10 μmol/L PDTC treatment, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Cell morphology and immunocytochemical staining showed that the cells were in line with the characteristics of hPDLCs. Treatment with AST could promote the proliferation of hPDLCs, which reached the peak at 20 μmol/L. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the LPS group were higher than those in the Con group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#AST promotes the proliferation of hPDLCs, which is related to suppression of LPS-induced the secretion of inflammatory factors via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Humans , Inflammation/chemically induced , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Periodontal Ligament , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Xanthophylls
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922757

ABSTRACT

During the pathogensis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), activated RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) combines similar proliferative features as tumor and inflammatory features as osteoarthritis, which eventually leads to joint erosion. Therefore, it is imperative to research and develop new compounds, which can effectively inhibit abnormal activation of RA-FLSs and retard RA progression. Neohesperidin (Neo) is a major active component of flavonoid compounds with anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant properties. In this study, the anti-inflammation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, anti-oxidant and apoptosis-induced effects of Neo on RA-FLSs were explored to investigate the underlying mechanism. The results suggested that Neo decreased the levels of interleukin IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-13 in FLSs. Moreover, Neo blocked the activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. Furthermore, treatment with Neo induced the apoptosis of FLSs, and inhibited the migration of FLSs. It was also found that Neo reduced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by TNF-α. Taken together, our results highlighted that Neo may act as a potential and promising therapeutic drug for the management of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Hesperidin/analogs & derivatives , Humans , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879076

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the preventive effect of Dendrobium officinale in LPS-induced intestinal mucosal damage. Forty SPF-grade C57 BL/6 J male mice were randomly divided into normal group(NC), model group(LPS), and two superfine powder groups of Dendrobium officinale(DOF)(DOF-L, 0.30 g·kg~(-1)and DOF-H, 0.60 g·kg~(-1), respectively), with 10 mice in each group. DOF superfine powder suspension was given via oral administration to mice for 7 days, while the mice in NC and LPS groups received the same volume of saline for 7 days. On the eighth day, the mice in LPS group and DOF treatment groups were injected with LPS(5 mg·kg~(-1)) by intraperitoneal injection to establish the intestinal mucosal injury model, while the mice in NC group were injected with the same volume of sterile saline in the same manner. Six hours after injection with LPS or saline, plasma and the intestinal tissue were collected. The diamine oxidase(DAO) and D-lactate levels in plasma were detected with a biochemical method. The levels of proinflammatory factors interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in plasma were detected by ELISA. The histomorphology and ultrastructure of mouse ileum tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining in optical microscope and transmission electron microscope(TEM). The expression and distribution of tight junction(TJ) proteins claudin-1, occludin and F4/80 were detected by immunohistochemistry while the protein expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR-4) and nuclear factor kappa B p65(NF-κB p65) in jejunum were detected by Western blot. The experimental results showed that continuous intragastric administration of D. officinale superfine powder for 7 days obviously alleviated the damage and ultrastructural changes of intestinal mucosa induced by LPS; significantly decreased DAO and D-lactate levels in plasma in model group(P<0.05); up-regulated the protein expression of claudin-1 and occludin in ileum tissues; down-regulated the protein expression of TLR-4 and NF-κB p65 in jejunum tissues(P<0.01); significantly decreased TNF-α and IL-6 levels in plasma(P<0.05); and decreased the infiltration of F4/80~+ macrophage cells. Our results suggested that D. officinale had significant protective effects on LPS-induced intestinal mucosal damage and reduced intestinal permeability. The mechanism might be related to its effects of inhibiting inflammation via TLR-4/NF-κB p65, and up-regulating the expression of tight junction proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dendrobium , Intestinal Mucosa , Lipopolysaccharides , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B , Powders , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878992

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC)-containing serum on the apoptosis and inflammation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes(FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) induced by tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), so as to investigate the mechanism of XFC in the treatment of RA. RA-FLS immortalized cell line was established, and XFC drug-containing serum was prepared. CCK-8, ELISA, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence and TUNEL were used to observe the effect of XFC-containing serum on RA-FLS apoptosis and inflammatory indexes. CCK-8 results showed that the optimal concentration and time of TNF-α on RA-FLS were 10 ng·mL~(-1) and 48 h, respectively; and the optimal concentration and time of XFC on RA-FLS were 6.48 mg·g~(-1) and 72 h, respectively. The results of ELISA showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly increased, while the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly decreased(P<0.01); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 were significantly decreased, whereas the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly increased(P<0.01). The results of RT-qPCR showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly decreased, while the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly increased(P<0.001); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 were significantly increased, whereas the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.01). The results of immunofluorescence showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax in TNF-α+RA-FLS group was significantly lower than those in RA-FLS group(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased, whereas the protein expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.05). TUNEL results showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the apoptosis of TNF-α+RA-FLS group was decreased(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the apoptosis was significantly increased(P<0.05). One of the mechanisms of XFC in the treatment of RA is to promote the apoptosis of RA-FLS and inhibit its inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878394

ABSTRACT

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa. The prevalence rate of OLP in adults is 0.5%-2%. The etiology and pathogenesis of OLP are still unclear. The pathogenesis of OLP may be related to the genetic polymorphism of some genes. Currently, the gene families, including tumor necrosis factor, interferon, interleukin, enzyme, and receptor, have been extensively studied. This work reviews related studies on gene polymorphism of OLP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/genetics , Mouth Mucosa , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e014, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089383

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although dental implants and bone regenerative procedures are important approaches for the reestablishment of esthetics and function in young patients with a history of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), no predictable outcomes have been reported, and the host osteo-immunoinflammatory response may play a relevant role in this context. In view of the lack of molecular investigations into the bone tissue condition of young patients with periodontitis, the aim of this study was to evaluate the gene expression of bone-related factors in this population. Bone biopsies were obtained from the posterior mandible in 16 individuals previously diagnosed with GAP and on periodontal support therapy and from 17 periodontally healthy (PH) patients. The gene expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, receptor activator of the NF-κB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and type I collagen (COL-I), important biomarkers of bone turnover, was evaluated by qRT-PCR. Lower TGF-β and OPG mRNA levels were observed in GAP patients compared to PH individuals (p ≤ 0.05). There were no between-group differences in levels of TNF-α, BSP, RANKL, OC, or COL-I mRNA (p>0.05). In young adults, a history of periodontal disease can negatively modulate the gene expression of important bone-related factors in alveolar bone tissue. These molecular outcomes may contribute to the future development of therapeutic approaches to benefit bone healing in young patients with history of periodontitis via modulation of osteo-immuno-inflammatory biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Gene Expression , Aggressive Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Biomarkers , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/genetics , Single-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/genetics , RANK Ligand/analysis , RANK Ligand/genetics , Osteoprotegerin/analysis , Osteoprotegerin/genetics , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/genetics , Alveolar Process/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 386-389, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055161

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The perception of bolus transit through the thoracic esophagus may be caused by altered esophageal anatomy and function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypothesis that, in healthy volunteers, swallows followed by perception of esophageal bolus transit are associated with changes in esophageal motility. METHODS: Simultaneous evaluation of motility and perception of esophageal bolus transit was performed in 22 healthy volunteers. Esophageal motility was evaluated by high-resolution manometry with a 32-channel solid state catheter. Each volunteer performed, in the sitting position, 10 swallows of a 5 mL bolus of saline and 10 swallows of pieces of 1 cm3 of bread, with an interval of at least 30 seconds between swallows. After each swallow the volunteers were asked about the perception of bolus transit through the esophagus. RESULTS: Perception of bolus transit occurred in 11.7% of liquid swallows and in 48.1% of solid swallows. In liquid swallows the perception was associated with higher distal contractile integral and shorter proximal contraction length. Perception of solid bolus transit was associated with a longer distal latency, longer proximal contraction length, lower proximal contractile integral and shorter proximal contraction duration. CONCLUSION: The perception of swallowed bolus transit through the esophagus in healthy individuals is more frequent with solid than liquid swallows and is associated with changes in proximal esophageal contractions.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A percepção do trânsito de bolo deglutido através do esôfago torácico pode ser consequência de alterações anatômicas ou funcionais do esôfago. OBJETIVO: Avaliar, em voluntários saudáveis, se a deglutição com percepção do trânsito do bolo pelo esôfago está associada a alteração da motilidade esofágica. MÉTODO: Avaliação simultânea da percepção do trânsito pelo esôfago e motilidade foi realizada em 22 voluntários saudáveis. A motilidade esofágica foi avaliada por manometria de alta resolução. Cada voluntário realizou, na posição sentada, 10 deglutições de 5 mL de soro fisiológico e 10 deglutições de pedaços de 1 cm3 de pão, com um intervalo de pelo menos 30 segundos entre as deglutições. Após cada deglutição, os voluntários foram questionados sobre a percepção do trânsito do bolo através do esôfago. RESULTADOS: A percepção do trânsito ocorreu em 11,7% das deglutições do bolo líquido e em 48,1% das deglutições do bolo sólido. A percepção do bolo líquido foi associada com menor extensão de contração proximal e maior integral da contração distal, comparadas com deglutições sem percepção. A percepção do trânsito de bolus sólido foi associada a maior latência distal, menor extensão de contração proximal, menor integral da contração proximal e menor duração da contração proximal. CONCLUSÃO: A percepção do trânsito do bolo deglutido pelo esôfago torácico ocorreu mais frequentemente com bolo sólido e foi associada a alteração das contrações esofágicas proximais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Celiac Disease , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
10.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 25, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088631

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major musculoskeletal disease with high prevalence in the elderly. The study of genetic polymorphisms of inflammatory mediators involved in OA may contribute to the elucidation of the complex pathophysiology of this disease and identification of susceptibility individuals. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the association between polymorphism at tumor necrosis factor alpha gene (SNP - 308 G/A TNFA) with presence, severity and functional status of osteoarthritis in elderly. Methods: This study was characterized as case-control and encompassed 257 physically independent elderly (Mean Age: 68.55 ± 5.2; Minimum age: 60 and Maximum age: 82) were recruited. After this selection, the groups were divided in: 92 elderly individuals with osteoarthritis (case group) and 165 without the disease (control group). Methods: The individuals were genotyped by the TaqMan real-time PCR system. The subjects were classified based on the degree of radiological impairment according to the criteria of Kellgren-Laurence and regarding functional impairment using the WOMAC and LEQUESNE questionnaires. Results: TNFA gene polymorphic individuals (subjects harboring allele A) are more affected by OA (χ2 = 8.7, p = 0.003), once they have major radiological lesion both in hip (Fisher-Freeman-Halton Test = 3.9, p = 0.04) and knee (Fisher- Freeman-Halton Test = 4.0, p = 0.04) as well as worse functional status assessed by the Lequesne questionnaire (Mann- Whitney, p = 0.04). At the multivariate analysis, after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, the presence of rare allele for TNFA (allele A) increases the susceptibility to OA development [OR: 1.87 (95% CI: 1.1 —3.2)]. Conclusion: We conclude that the SNP - 308 G/A of TNFA gene may affect osteoarthritis susceptibility, severity and functional status of individuals with osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis/physiopathology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/instrumentation , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180376, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041562

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The present study evaluated the epidemiology of cryptococcal meningitis and TNFα gene polymorphisms in patients at a reference hospital in northern Brazil. METHODS: Samples from 25 patients infected with Cryptococcus spp. were collected to confirm the infection and to analyze the TNFα gene polymorphisms. RESULTS: Cryptococcus neoformans was detected as the predominant etiological agent (100%) in HIV-positive patients. No genetic polymorphic changes were found. CONCLUSIONS: No correlation was observed between the analyzed TNFα polymorphisms and cryptococcal meningitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Meningitis, Cryptococcal/genetics , Meningitis, Cryptococcal/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Meningitis, Cryptococcal/cerebrospinal fluid , Cryptococcus neoformans/isolation & purification , Cryptococcus neoformans/genetics , Genotype
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e7927, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989462

ABSTRACT

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) plays an important role in autoimmune diseases. Previous studies have investigated the association of TNF-α-238G/A (rs361525) and -308G/A (rs1800629) polymorphisms with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, no agreed conclusion had been made. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to assess the associations of TNF-α-238G/A and -308G/A polymorphisms with RA and SLE risk. A systematic search was conducted in commonly used databases. Meta-analysis was performed by STATA12.0. A total of 43 studies were included. In the overall population, the TNF-α-238A allele was observed to be a protective factor for RA (A vs G: OR=0.75, 95%CI=0.57-0.99, P=0.040) and the TNF-α-308A allele was found to be a risk factor for SLE (A vs G: OR=1.78, 95%CI=1.45-2.19, P<0.001). However, no evidence of association was found between TNF-α-238 G/A polymorphism and SLE nor between -308G/A and RA. In the subgroup analysis, TNF-α-308A allele played a pathogenic role for RA in Latin Americans (A vs G: OR=1.46, 95%CI=1.15-1.84, P=0.002) and for SLE in Latin Americans (A vs G: OR=2.12, 95%CI=1.32-3.41, P=0.002) and Europeans (A vs G: OR=2.03, 95%CI=1.56-2.63, P<0.001), while it played a protective role for RA in Asians (A vs G: OR=0.54, 95%CI=0.32-0.90, P=0.017). No significant association was found between TNF-α-308G/A and SLE susceptibility in Africans and Asians. This meta-analysis demonstrated that TNF-α-238A was associated with decreased risk of RA rather than SLE, while -308G/A polymorphism was associated with SLE rather than RA. Stratification analysis indicated that different ethnicities would have different risk alleles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Association Studies
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170184, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893732

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To determine whether Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNFα) -308 G/A polymorphism is associated with oral lichen planus (OLP). Material and Methods A systematic electronic search of the literature was conducted to identify all published studies on the association between TNFα -308 G/A polymorphism and OLP. All case-control studies evaluating the TNFα -308 G/A polymorphisms in OLP were selected. A meta-analysis of the studies that fulfilled the inclusion criteria was performed. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were also calculated. Results Seven studies comprising 450 OLP cases and 867 controls were included in the meta-analysis. In the pooled analysis, TNFα -308 G/A polymorphism was associated with OLP with random effects and OR of 2.33 (95%CI=1.07-5.11; p=0.03), assuming a dominant mode of inheritance (AA+GA vs. GG). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, TNFα -308 G/A was associated with a significantly increased odds ratio of OLP in mixed ethnicity (OR=5.22; 95%CI=1.93-14.15; p=0.001), but not in Asians (OR=1.57; 95%CI=0.54-4.54; p=0.41) or Caucasians (OR=1.45; 95%CI=0.19-11.22; p=0.72). For subgroup analysis based on HCV (hepatitis C virus) infection status, significant increased risk of OLP was found among patients with mixed HCV infection status (OR=3.77; 95%CI=1.07-13.2; p=0.038), but not in patients without HCV infection (OR=2.09; 95%CI=0.63-6.91; p=0.22) and patients with HCV infection (OR=0.48; 95%CI=0.13-1.69; p=0.25). Conclusion Our results suggest that -308 G/A polymorphism in TNFα is a potential genetic marker for OLP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Lichen Planus, Oral/genetics , Genetic Markers , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Genetic Association Studies
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(8): e7311, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951745

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative disease affecting articular cartilage. Some studies indicate that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) gene rs1800629 polymorphism was associated with OA risk among Caucasian populations. To examine the role of this candidate gene in Asian populations, we conducted a hospital-based case-control study involving 257 knee OA patients and 305 controls in a Chinese population. Genotyping was performed using a custom-by-design 48-Plex single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Scan™ kit. Our study indicated that the AA genotype of TNF-α rs1800629 polymorphism was associated with increased risk of OA. Subsequently, we conducted a meta-analysis and found that rs1800629 polymorphism increased the risk of OA in the recessive and homozygous models. Stratification analysis of ethnicity also obtained a significant association among Asian populations. In conclusion, TNF-α rs1800629 polymorphism confers susceptibility to OA, especially among Asians. Larger studies with more diverse ethnic populations are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genotype
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(12): 1069-1075, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896323

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: We conducted the research in order to explore the impact of hydrosalpinx fluid (HSF) on endometrium. Method: HSF group: 261 patients with HSF scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery 3 to 7 days after menstruation in our center. Hysteroscopy would also be performed in order to observe the endometrial morphology during the surgery. Sixty (60) patients would be randomly selected for endometrial biopsy in order to detect the inflammatory cytokines TNF-a and IL-2 mRNA. Non-HSF group: 210 patients with no evidence of HSF due to chronic salpingitis or pelvic adhesion. IVF-ET treatment was performed after eliminating the factor of male infertility and hysteroscopy was conducted before the treatment. Fifty (50) patients underwent endometrial biopsy in order to detect TNF-a and IL-2 mRNA. Results: Hysteroscopy was performed in 261 patients with HSF and 210 patients without HSF. The incidence rate of endometritis manifestation among these two groups of patients was 37.2% (97/261) and 20.5% (43/210), respectively. The incidence rate of endometritis in the patients with HSF is significantly higher than in the patients without HSF (p<0.05). Sixty (60) patients from the HSF group and 50 patients from the non-HSF group were regrouped according to inflammatory and normal manifestation after the endometrial biopsy. There were 49 patients in the inflammatory manifestation group and 61 patients in the normal manifestation group. RT-PCR technology was adopted to detect the expression of inflammatory cytokines TNF-a and IL-2 mRNA in endometrial tissue. The level of TNF-a mRNA expression in endometrial tissues with inflammatory manifestation was higher than in normal endometrium (76.75±11.95 vs. 23.45±9.75, p<0.01). There are significant differences between them. The level of IL-2 mRNA expression in endometrial tissues with inflammatory manifestation was higher than that found in normal endometrium (80.56±13.35 vs. 35.12±8.35, p<0.01). There are significant differences between them. Conclusion: Chronic endometritis is related to HSF and may therefore affect endometrial receptivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Body Fluids , Interleukin-2/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Endometritis/diagnosis , Endometrium/metabolism , Fallopian Tube Diseases/diagnosis , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Hysteroscopy , Chronic Disease , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Electrophoresis , Endometritis/genetics , Endometritis/pathology , Fallopian Tube Diseases/genetics , Fallopian Tube Diseases/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(5): 535-542, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888691

ABSTRACT

Abstract Currently, investigations have focused on the identification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) involved in host response and its ability to generate an immunity deficiency. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and apical periodontitis (AP) phenotypes. A broad search for studies was conducted. The following databases were used: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and VHL (Medline, SciELO, Ibecs, and Lilacs). The MeSH terms "Periapical Periodontitis," "Periapical Abscess," "Polymorphism, Genetic," and "Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide" were used. MeSH synonyms, related terms, and free terms were included. Clinical investigations of individuals with different AP phenotypes in permanent teeth were selected. After application of the eligibility criteria, selected studies were qualified by assessing their methodological quality. A fixed effect model was used for the meta-analysis. The initial search identified 71 references. After excluding duplicate abstracts, 33 were selected. From these, two were eligible for quality assessment and were classified as being of moderate evidence. The included studies did not demonstrate association between AP and TNF-α -308 G>A SNP. However, the meta-analysis demonstrated an association between the genotype distribution and AP phenotype (OR= 0.49; confidence interval= 0.25, 0.96; p=0.04). The role of TNF-α -308 G>A SNP in AP phenotypes is debatable. Further studies are needed to confirm and understand the underlying mechanisms of the identified association.


Resumo Atualmente as investigações têm focado na identificação de Polimorfismos de Núcleo Único (SNP) envolvidos na resposta do hospedeiro e sua capacidade de gerar uma deficiência de imunidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática (RS) e uma meta-análise para avaliar a associação entre o polimorfismo do gene TNF-α (-308 G> A) e os fenótipos de periodontite apical (PA). Esta RS foi registrada na base de dados PROSPERO, CRD42016035688, e foi conduzida seguindo o método PRISMA. Foi realizada uma ampla pesquisa de estudos. Foram utilizadas as seguintes bases de dados: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e BVS (Medline, SciELO, Ibecs e Lilacs). Foram utilizados os seguintes descritores (MeSH) "Periapical Periodontitis," "Periapical Abscess," "Polymorphism, Genetic," and "Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide". Sinônimos, termos relacionados e termos livres foram incluídos. Foram selecionadas investigações clínicas de indivíduos com diferentes fenótipos de PA em dentes permanentes. Após a aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, os estudos selecionados foram classificados através da avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Foi utilizado um modelo de efeito fixo para a metanálise. A pesquisa inicial identificou 71 referências. Após a exclusão de resumos duplicados, 33 foram selecionados. Destes, dois eram elegíveis para a avaliação da qualidade e foram classificados como sendo de evidência moderada. Os estudos incluídos não demonstraram associação entre PA e o TNF-α-308 G>A. No entanto, a metanálise demonstrou associação entre a distribuição do genótipo e os fenótipos da PA (OR = 0,49, intervalo de confiança=0,25, 0,96; p=0,04). O papel do TNF-α-308 G>A em fenótipos da PA é discutível. São necessários mais estudos para confirmar e compreender os mecanismos subjacentes à associação identificada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Periapical Periodontitis/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Periapical Abscess/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(5): 438-446, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887586

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to investigate the association of plasma TNF-α, IL-6, and lL-10 levels and cytokine gene polymorphisms [TNF-α (-308 G→A), IL-6 (-174 C→G) and IL-10 (-1082 A→G, -819 T→C and -592 A→C)] in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obese patients. Subjects and methods One hundred and two T2DM patients and 62 controls were included in this study. Cytokine plasma levels were measured by the Cytometric Bead Array method. Genotyping was carried out by the polymerase chain reaction. Results IL-6 levels were significantly different between T2DM patients and controls. Interestingly, IL-6 levels were higher in T2DM patients with BMI > 30 kg/m2 compared with other patients and obese controls. The genotype and allele frequencies were similar between patients and controls. In the T2DM group, the SNP IL-10 -819 T/C showed a difference between the cytokine level and genotypes: IL-10 level in the TT genotype was significantly higher when compared to CC genotype. Conclusions These results suggest an association between IL-6 levels and obesity, and IL-10 levels and the SNP -819 T/C in T2DM. Knowledge of these variants in T2DM might contribute to a better understanding of the role of inflammation in the etiology and progression of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Interleukin-6/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Obesity/blood , Polymorphism, Genetic , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Obesity/genetics
18.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(1): 77-85, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838089

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. We have previously shown that hepatic reticuloendothelial system (RES) iron deposition is associated with an advanced degree of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in humans. In this study, we aimed to determine differentially expressed genes related to iron overload, inflammation and oxidative stress pathways, with the goal of identifying factors associated with NASH progression. Seventy five patients with NAFLD were evaluated for their biochemical parameters and their liver tissue analyzed for NASH histological characteristics. Gene expression analysis of pathways related to iron homeostasis, inflammation and oxidative stress was performed using real-time PCR. Gene expression was compared between subjects based on disease status and presence of hepatic iron staining. We observed increased gene expression of hepcidin (HAMP) (2.3 fold, p = 0.027), transmembrane serine proteinase 6 (TMPRSS6) (8.4 fold, p = 0.003), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (5.5 fold, p = 0.004), proinflammatory cytokines; IL-1β (2.7 fold, p = 0.046) and TNF-α (3.8 fold, p = 0.001) in patients with NASH. TMPRSS6, a negative regulator of HAMP, is overexpressed in patients with NASH and HIF1α (hypoxia inducible factor-1) is downregulated. NAFLD patients with hepatic iron deposition exhibited higher hepcidin expression (3.1 fold, p = 0.04) but lower expression of cytokines. In conclusion, we observed elevated hepatic HAMP expression in patients with NASH and in NAFLD patients who had hepatic iron deposition, while proinflammatory cytokines displayed elevated expression only in patients with NASH, suggesting a regulatory role for hepcidin in NAFL to NASH transition and in mitigating inflammatory responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oxidative Stress/genetics , Iron Overload/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Inflammation/genetics , Iron/analysis , Liver/chemistry , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Iron Overload/diagnosis , Iron Overload/blood , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hepcidins/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Inflammation/diagnosis , Inflammation/blood , Liver/pathology , Membrane Proteins/genetics
19.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 35(2): 91-98, 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-796794

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La intervención coronaria percutánea (PCI en inglés) con implante de stent coronario es uno de los procedimientos más utilizados para la revascularización miocárdica en condiciones agudas o crónicas. Múltiples factores se han relacionado con la restenosis de stent, incluyendo aspectos clínicos, angiográficos, genéticos y epigenéticos. La respuesta inflamatoria en gran parte está determinada genéticamente y probablemente sea el rol más importante en la restenosis. El factor de necrosis tumoral a (TNF-α;) es un mediador clave en la respuesta inflamatoria actuando en sitios de injuria tisular inducida por el daño de las paredes del vaso. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre polimorfismos genéticos del TNF y restenosis en pacientes coronarios sometidos a angioplastía. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio de casos y controles incidentes no pareados, aprobado por el comité de ética institucional. Se incluyeron pacientes con cardiopatía coronaria sometidos a PCI con implante de stent BMS o DES, con un tiempo de control angiográfico mayor de 6 meses. Los casos fueron definidos como aquellos pacientes con estenosis de stent >50% y como controles aquellos con estenosis <50%, con respecto del lumen del vaso de referencia. Se efectuó la genotipificación de los polimorfismos rs361525 (-238G/A) y rs1799964 (-1031 T/C) del gen TNF mediante PCR en tiempo real mediante sondas alelo-específicas. Además, se registraron variables clínicas y demográficas. Resultados: Se incluyó en este estudio de análisis de genotipificación del polimorfismo del gen TNF 82 pacientes como casos, y 102 controles. No hubo diferencias significativas en las siguientes variables clínicas y demográficas: edad (63.7 ± 10.5 vs. 65.4 ± 9.6 años; p=0.24), género masculino (75 vs. 69%, p=0.5), IMC (28.5 ± 3.6 vs. 28 ± 3.8 Kg/m2; p=0.78) y tabaquismo (79 vs. 77%; p=0.7). En contraste, se observó una diferencia significativa en la frecuencia de DM-2 casos y controles (43.2 vs. 26.5%; p=0.03) y %HbA1c entre ambos grupos (6.78 ± 1.5 vs. 6.1 ± 0.8%; p=0.01). Respecto a las variantes genéticas estudiadas, no hubo diferencias significativas en la frecuencia relativa del alelo mutado tanto para el polimorfismo rs361525 (Alelo A, casos: 0.06 vs. controles: 0.08; p=0.37), como para la variante rs1799964 (Alelo C, casos: 0.2 vs. controles: 0.2; p=0.96). Las OR asociadas a dichos alelos fueron 0.68 (I.C. 95%= 0.29 - 1.59) y 0.99 (I.C. 95%= 0.58 - 1.67), respectivamente; confirmando la ausencia de asociación. Conclusión: Nuestros datos sugieren que las variantes genéticas estudiadas no están relacionadas al desarrollo de restenosis en los sujetos estudiados, y probablemente en nuestra población los factores clínicos sean más determinantes para el desarrollo de reestenosis coronaria post angioplastía que los factores genéticos.


Multiple factors have been associated to the development of stent restenosis after coronary angioplasty (PCA). including clinical, angiographic, genetic and epigenetic factors. The inflammatory response is genetically determined and it may be the most important factor. Tumor necrosis factor a (TNFα) is a potent mediator of this response at the endothelial wall. Aim: To determine the association between TNFα; genetic polymorphisms and stent restenosis. Methods: A case-control study was performed in patients submitted to PTCA with stent implantation(-bare metal or drug eluting stent) at least 6 months prior to the study. Cases were defined by the presence of >50% intra stent stenosis. PCR was used for type classification of polymorphisms rs361525 (-238G/A) y rs1799964 (-1031 T/C) of the TNFα; gene. Results: 82 cases and 102 controls were included. No differences were observed in clinical and demographic variables: age (63.7 ± 10.5 vs. 65.4 ± 9.6 years, p=0.24, for cases and controls, respectively), male gender (75 vs. 69%, p=0.5), BMI (28.5 ± 3.6 vs. 28 ± 3.8 Kg/m2, p=0.78) and active smoking (79 vs. 77%, p=0.7). In contrast, Diabetes was more frequent in cases than in controls (43.2 vs. 26.5%, p=0.03). There was no difference in the relative frequency of mutations of the rs361525 polymorphism (Allele A, 0.06 vs 0.08, p=0.37 for cases and controls, respectively) nor for variant rs1799964 (0.2 in both cases and controls). Non significant associations were confirmed by Odd ratios with 0 included in the 95% confidence interval. Conclusion: No association of genetic polymorphisms of TNFa and stent restenosis was found, which suggests that clinical factors my be more important for the development of post PTCA stent restenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Coronary Restenosis/genetics , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Stents/adverse effects , Coronary Restenosis/etiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genotype , Heart Diseases/therapy
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 111-117, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186115

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndromes. We investigated the associations of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs1045411) in HMGB1 with various clinical parameters, severity, and prognosis in patients with sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 212 adult patients followed for 28 days. All patients were genotyped for rs1045411, and the serum levels of HMGB1 and several cytokines were measured. RESULTS: The proportions of patients according to genotype were GG (71.2%), GA (26.4%), and AA (2.4%). Among patients with chronic lung disease comorbidity, patients with a variant A allele had higher positive blood culture rates and higher levels of various cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha] than those with the GG genotype. In the analysis of those with diabetes as a comorbidity, patients with a variant A allele had higher blood culture and Gram-negative culture rates than those with GG genotypes; these patients also had a higher levels of IL-17. In the analysis of those with sepsis caused by a respiratory tract infection, patients with a variant A allele had higher levels of IL-10 and IL-17 (all p<0.05). This polymorphism had no significant impact on patient survival. CONCLUSION: The variant A allele of rs1045411 appears to be associated with a more severe inflammatory response than the GG genotype under specific conditions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , China/epidemiology , Cytokines/blood , Female , Genotype , HMGB1 Protein/blood , Humans , Interleukin-10/genetics , Interleukin-17/genetics , Interleukin-6/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Prognosis , Republic of Korea , Sepsis/immunology , Shock, Septic/immunology , Survival , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
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