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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939855

ABSTRACT

Tumor volume increases continuously in the advanced stage, and aside from the self-renewal of tumor cells, whether the oncogenic transformation of surrounding normal cells is involved in this process is currently unclear. Here, we show that oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) promote the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of normal epithelial cells but delay their apoptosis. In addition, nuclear-cytoplasmic invaginations and multiple nucleoli are observed in sEV-treated normal cells, both of which are typical characteristics of premalignant lesions of OSCC. Mechanistically, miR-let-7c in OSCC-derived sEVs is transferred to normal epithelial cells, leading to the transcriptional inhibition of p53 and inactivation of the p53/PTEN pathway. In summary, we demonstrate that OSCC-derived sEVs promote the precancerous transformation of normal epithelial cells, in which the miR-let-7c/p53/PTEN pathway plays an important role. Our findings reveal that cancer cells can corrupt normal epithelial cells through sEVs, which provides new insight into the progression of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Down-Regulation , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Extracellular Vesicles/pathology , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939798

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory roles of Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SXBXW) in neointimal formation and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) invasion and apoptosis as well as the potential molecular mechanisms using cultured VSMCs model of vascular injury (platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-stimulated) in vitro.@*METHODS@#VSMCs were randomly assigned to 5 groups: blank, PDGF-BB (20 ng/mL+ 0.1% DMSO), SXBXW-L (PDGF-BB 20 ng/mL + SXBXW low dose 0.625 g/L), SXBXW-M (PDGF-BB 20 ng/mL + SXBXW medium dose 1.25 g/L) and SXBXW-H (PDGF-BB 20 ng/mL+ SXBXW high dose 2.5 g/L) group. Cell proliferation was assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay, the migration effects were detected by Transwell assay, cell apoptosis rate was measured by the Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) apoptosis kit. The markers of contractile phenotype of VSMCs were detected with immunofluorescent staining. To validate the effects of miR-451 in regulating proliferation, migration and apoptosis treated with SXBXW, miR-451 overexpression experiments were performed, the VSMCs were exposed to PDGF-BB 20 ng/mL + 0.1% DMSO and later divided into 4 groups: mimic-NC (multiplicity of infection, MOI=50), SXBXW (1.25 g/L) + mimic-NC, mimic-miR451 (MOI=50), and SXBXW (1.25 g/L) + mimic-miR451, and alterations of proteins related to the miR-451 pathway were analyzed using Western blot.@*RESULTS@#PDGF-BB induced VSMCs injury causes acceleration of proliferation and migration. SXBXW inhibited phenotypic switching, proliferation and migration and promoted cell apoptosis in PDGF-BB-induced VSMCs. In addition, miR-451 was shown to be down-regulated in the VSMCs following PDGF-BB stimulation. SXBXW treatment enhanced the expression of miR-451 in PDGF-BB-induced VSMCs (P<0.05). Compared with SXBXW + mimic-NC and mimic-miR451 groups, the expression of tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein zeta (Ywhaz) and p53 was further reduced in SXBXW + mimic-miR451 group, while activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) was increased in VSMCs (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SXBXW regulated proliferation, migration and apoptosis via activation of miR-451 through ATF2, p53 and Ywhaz in PDGF-BB-stimulated VSMCs.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Becaplermin/pharmacology , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hyperplasia/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939606

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the neurotoxicity induced by trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and the possible protective mechanisms of boron (B). Mouse BV2 cells were treated with TCA (0, 0.39, 0.78, 1.56, 3.12, 6.25, or 12.5 mmol/L) and B (0, 7.8, 15.6, 31.25, 62.5, 125, 500, or 1,000 mmol/L) for 3 h and 24 h, respectively. Then, reactive oxygen species, and supernatant proinflammatory cytokine and protein levels were analyzed after 24 h of combined exposure. Beyond the dose-dependent decrease in the cellular viability, it clearly increased after B supplementation ( P < 0.05). Moreover, B decreased oxidative damage, and significantly down-regulated IL-6 levels and up-regulated TNF-β production ( P < 0.05). B also decreased apoptosis via the p53 pathway. The present findings indicated that TCA may induce oxidative damage, whereas B mitigates these adverse effects by decreasing cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Boron/toxicity , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Trichloroacetic Acid/toxicity , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 174-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928795

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development and wide application of next generation sequencing (NGS) technology, a series of researches have revealed that concurrent genetic alterations play an important role in the response and resistance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant NSCLC to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Besides, TP53 mutation is the most common co-mutation gene in EGFR-mutant NSCLC, which has been proved to confer a worse prognosis in EGFR-mutated patients treated with first, second and third generation of EGFR-TKIs. Currently, it is still being explored how to select the best treatment strategies for patients with concomitant presence of TP53 mutation in EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Here, we review the literature on recent research progress of TP53 concurrent mutation in EGFR-mutant advanced NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 606-618, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927543

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gene promoter methylation is a major epigenetic change in cancers, which plays critical roles in carcinogenesis. As a crucial regulator in the early stages of B-cell differentiation and embryonic neurodevelopment, the paired box 5 (PAX5) gene is downregulated by methylation in several kinds of tumors and the role of this downregulation in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) pathogenesis remains unclear.@*METHODS@#To elucidate the role of PAX5 in ESCC, eight ESCC cell lines, 51 primary ESCC tissue samples, and eight normal esophageal mucosa samples were studied and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was queried. PAX5 expression was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Cell apoptosis, proliferation, and chemosensitivity were detected by flow cytometry, colony formation assays, and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assays in ESCC cell lines with PAX5 overexpression or silencing. Tumor xenograft models were established for in vivo verification.@*RESULTS@#PAX5 methylation was found in 37.3% (19/51) of primary ESCC samples, which was significantly associated with age (P = 0.007) and tumor-node-metastasis stage (P = 0.014). TCGA data analysis indicated that PAX5 expression was inversely correlated with promoter region methylation (r = -0.189, P = 0.011 for cg00464519 and r = -0.228, P = 0.002 for cg02538199). Restoration of PAX5 expression suppressed cell proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited tumor growth of ESCC cell lines, which was verified in xenografted mice. Ectopic PAX5 expression significantly increased p53 reporter luciferase activity and increased p53 messenger RNA and protein levels. A direct interaction of PAX5 with the p53 promoter region was confirmed by chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Re-expression of PAX5 sensitized ESCC cell lines KYSE150 and KYSE30 to fluorouracil and docetaxel. Silencing of PAX5 induced resistance of KYSE450 cells to these drugs.@*CONCLUSIONS@#As a tumor suppressor gene regulated by promoter region methylation in human ESCC, PAX5 inhibits proliferation, promotes apoptosis, and induces activation of p53 signaling. PAX5 may serve as a chemosensitive marker of ESCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Mice , PAX5 Transcription Factor/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929052

ABSTRACT

It has been revealed that hypoxia is dynamic in hypertrophic scars; therefore, we considered that it may have different effects on hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and p53 expression. Herein, we aimed to confirm the presence of a teeterboard-like conversion between HIF-1α and p53, which is correlated with scar formation and regression. Thus, we obtained samples of normal skin and hypertrophic scars to identify the differences in HIF-1α and autophagy using immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, we used moderate hypoxia in vitro to simulate the proliferative scar, and silenced HIF-1α or p53 gene expression or triggered overexpression to investigate the changes of HIF-1α and p53 expression, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell proliferation under this condition. HIF-1α, p53, and autophagy-related proteins were assayed using western blotting and immunofluorescence, whereas apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry analysis, and cell proliferation was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) staining. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation was performed to verify the binding of HIF-1α and p53 to transcription cofactor p300. Our results demonstrated that, in scar tissue, HIF-1α expression increased in parallel with autophagosome formation. Under hypoxia, HIF-1α expression and autophagy were upregulated, whereas p53 expression and apoptosis were downregulated in vitro. HIF-1α knockdown downregulated autophagy, proliferation, and p300-bound HIF-1α, and upregulated p53 expression, apoptosis, and p300-bound p53. Meanwhile, p53 knockdown induced the opposite effects and enhanced HIF-1α, whereas p53 overexpression resulted in the same effects and reduced HIF-1α. Our results suggest a teeterboard-like conversion between HIF-1α and p53, which is linked with scar hyperplasia and regression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Hypoxia , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210298, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252387

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most well-known malignancies that affect the human population worldwide. The early diagnosis and early intervention of OSCC help improve the survival rate of the patients. The tumour free surgical margins are a positive prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival. The molecular markers can be used to detect the tumour free surgical margins. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the expression of p53 & Cyclin D1 marker in resected surgical apparently clear margins and to correlate the p53 & Cyclin D1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and patient outcome. Methods: The study population included retrospective cases of OSCC with apparently clear margins (2017-18) n=10 and Clinicopathological variables relevant to survival analysis were recorded. Finally, two margins were selected from each case, a total of 20 margins were included in this study. Paraffin-embedded wax blocks retrieved and tissue sections were made. Expression of cyclin D1 and p 53 was assessed by the immunohistochemical staining procedure Results: Positive expressions Cyclin D1 in 40% of mild dysplasia margins and 60% in clearance adequate margins were present. p53 expression was seen in 16% of mild dysplasia margins and 84% in clearance adequate margins. The expression of p53 and Cyclin D1 molecular markers are noted in the basal & parabasal layer of epithelium. Conclusion: Molecular markers could play a more reliable method for the assessment of dysplasia at the margins


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Cyclin D1
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with oral leukoplakia (OLK) and OLK cancerization who have aspicy diet in Chengdu.@*METHODS@#Thirtypatients with OLK andspicy diet and 15 patients with OLK without spicy diet in Chengdu were divided into three groups: hyperplastic OLK (OLK-), OLK with mild to moderate dysplasia (OLK+), and severe dysplastic  OLK or oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) transforming from OLK (OLK++/OSCC). The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 were detected by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Ki-67 and P53 in patients with or without spicy diet in the OLK+and OLK++/OSCC groups were stronger than that of the OLK- group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Spicy diet did not have an influence on the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with OLK and OSCC. The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, and P53 increased with the development of OLK, whereas P16 showed opposite expression trend.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Diet , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Leukoplakia, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1780-1784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of RITA on TP53 mutant human mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell line Mino and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Mino cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 and treated with RITA at a concentration of 0-16 μmol/L for 24,48,72 hours. Cell viability was assessed by CCK-8 assay. The cells were treated by RITA (0-8 μmol/L) for 48 h, the cell apoptosis induced by RITA was detected by annexin V/PI flow cytometry. Western blot was performed to evaluate the expression of protein BCL-2, Caspase-3, Cleaved Caspase-3, PARP, MDM2, and P53 in Mino cells.@*RESULTS@#After treatment with 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 μmol/L RITA for 48 h, the proliferation inhibition rate of Mino cells was (1.2±5.6)%, (14.9±4.9)%, (41.7±5.0)%, (61.8±2.4)%, (70.2±2.8)%, and (70.8±2.4)%, respectively. RITA could inhibit the proliferation of Mino cells significantly, and statistical analysis showed that the inhibition rate was increased with the increasing of RITA concentration (r=0.767). After the cells were treated by 4 μmol/L RITA for 24, 48, and 72 h, the proliferation inhibition rate was (25.2±3.8)%, (61.8±2.4)%, and (87.0±0.7)%, respectively. Satistical analysis showed that the inhibition rate was also increased with the increasing of treatment time (r=0.978). The apoptosis rate of Mino cells treated by 0, 2, 4, and 8 μmol/L RITA for 48 h was (5.4±0.4)%, (15.3±0.6)%, (38.7±1.7)%, and (50.8±1.1)%, respectively, and it showed dose-dependent manner (r=0.961). Western blot showed that with the increasing of RITA concentration, the BCL-2 protein expression was decreased in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.932), moreover, PARP cleavage and Caspase-3 activation were found, while the protein expression of MDM2 and P53 showed no change.@*CONCLUSION@#RITA can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of Mino cells significantly. The mechanism may be dependent on the Caspase pathway, but independent on the P53 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Furans , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Mutation , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effect of Zanthoxylum piperitum extracet (ZPE) on apoptosis and analyze anticancer substances in ZPE, changes in proteins related to apoptosis, and pathological changes in tumors in mouse.@*METHODS@#Fifteen 4-week-old female BALB/c nu/nu mice were divided into 3 groups depending on ZPE dose, with 5 in each group. AGS gastric carcinoma cells (1 × 10@*RESULTS@#High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis showed that ZPE contained organic sulfur compounds such as alliin and S-allylcysteine. MTT assay results revealed that ZPE (10-85 µ g/mL) could effectively inhibit the growth of AGS gastric cancer cells at higher concentrations (P<0.05, P<0.01). The annexin V & dead cell staining assay and cell cycle arrest assay confirmed a dose-dependent increase in the apoptosis rate and G@*CONCLUSION@#ZPE decreases AGS cell proliferation and induces apoptosis by inhibiting Akt and MDM2 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Zanthoxylum/metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic values of TP53 gene variant in patients with acute leukemia(AL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 44 newly diagnosed AL patients with TP53 variant detected by next generation sequencing (NGS) were analyzed retrospectively. Targeted sequencing technique containing 108 leukemia-related genes was used for variant analysis, and conventional R-banding technique was used for karyotype analysis. The clinical features, cytogenetics, gene variant, curative effect and survival of AL patients with TP53 gene variant were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of AML patients with TP53 gene variant (46 years) was higher than that of ALL patients (17.5 years), and the median number of bone marrow blasts (40.5%) was lower than the latter (89.2%), the differences were statistically significant (P< 0.01). A total of 28 cases of abnormal karyotype were detected, of which 25 cases were complex karyotype, 16 cases were monomeric karyotype, 14 cases had -17/17p-. The detection rates of TP53 in complex karyotype, monomeric karyotype and -17/17p- were 59.5%, 38.1% and 33.3%, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the detection rate of TP53 gene abnormalities in AML and ALL complex karyotypes was 73.1% and 40% respectively, the difference was statistically significant. A total of 41 TP53 gene variant types were found, and the median variant frequency was 43.58%. 75.6% variant was located in the DNA binding domain. The concomitant variant genes were mainly TET2 and IKZF1. Among 18 AML and 17 ALL patients who could be evaluated the curative effect, the CR rate of one course of treatment was 22.2% and 94.12% respectively, and the difference was statistically significant. The median RFS of 4 cases of AML with CR and 16 cases of ALL with CR were 174 and 246 days respectively, the difference was statistically insignificant. The median OS of AML and ALL was 20 and 375 days respectively, the difference was statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The TP53 gene variant is associated with the complex karyotype of AML, but has no significant effect on ALL. The variant site of TP53 gene was mainly distributed in the DNA binding domain. The remission rate of AML with TP53 gene variant was lower than that of ALL. The prognosis of AL patients with TP53 gene variant is poor, so allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be performed as soon as possible to prolong the survival of the patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Middle Aged , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 290-297, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132302

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chloride intracellular channel-4 (CLIC4) is regulated by p53 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), it is linked to the increase of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and myofibroblastic differentiation in skin carcinogenesis. This study analyzed the immunoexpression of CLIC4, p53, TGF-β, TNF-α, and α-SMA in 50 actinic cheilitis (AC) and 50 lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC). AC and LLSCC immunoexpression were categorized as score 1 (<5% positive cells), 2 (5-50%) or 3 (>50%). For CLIC4, nuclear and cytoplasmic immunostaining of epithelial cells was considered individually. For morphologic analysis, the World Health Organization criteria were used to epithelial dysplasia grade of ACs, and Bryne grading of malignancy system was applied for LLSCC. Higher nuclear CLIC4 (CLIC4n) and TGF-β were observed in ACs with low-risk of transformation, while cytoplasmic CLIC4 (CLIC4c), p53 and TNF-α were higher in the high-risk cases (p<0.05). In LLSCCs, CLIC4c was higher in cases with lymph node metastasis, advanced clinical stages, and histological high-grade malignancy. p53 expression was higher in high-grade LLSCCs, whereas TGF-β decreased as the clinical stage and morphological grade progressed (p<0.05). ACs showed an increased expression of CLIC4n and TGF-β, while CLIC4c and α-SMA were higher in LLSCCs (p<0.0001). Both lesions showed negative correlation between CLIC4n and CLIC4c, while in LLSCCs, negative correlation was also verified between CLIC4c and p53, as well as CLIC4c and TGF-β (p<0.05). Change of CLIC4 from the nucleus to cytoplasm and alterations in p53, TGF-β, TNF-α, and α-SMA expression are involved in lip carcinogenesis.


Resumo O canal intracelular de cloreto 4 (CLIC4) é regulado pela p53 e fator de necrose tumoral α (TNF-α) e está relacionado ao aumento do fator de crescimento transformador β (TGF-β) e na diferenciação miofibroblástica na carcinogênese cutânea. Este estudo analisou a imunoexpressão de CLIC4, p53, TGF-β, TNF-α e α-SMA em 50 queilites actínicas (QA) e 50 carcinomas de células escamosas de lábio inferior (CCELI). A imunoexpressão da QA e CCELI foram categorizadas em escore 1 (<5% de células positivas), 2 (5-50%) ou 3 (>50%). Para CLIC4, a imunomarcação nuclear e citoplasmática das células epiteliais foi considerada separadamente. Para análise morfológica, foram utilizados os critérios da Organização Mundial da Saúde para a gradação das displasias epiteliais nas QAs, e o sistema de gradação de malignidade de Bryne foi utilizado para os casos de CCELIs. Alta imunoexpressão de CLIC4 nuclear (CLIC4n) e TGF-β foi observada em QA de baixo risco de transformação, enquanto CLIC4 citoplasmática (CLIC4c), p53 e TNF-α foram elevadas nos casos de alto risco (p<0.05). No CCELI, a imunoexpressão de CLIC4c foi maior em caos com metástase linfonodal, estágio clínico avançado e alto grau histológico de malignidade. A expressão de p53 foi elevada em CCELI de alto grau, enquanto o TGF-β diminuiu à medida que o estádio clínico e o grau morfológico progrediram (p<0.05). QAs exibiram uma elevada expressão de CLIC4n e TGF-β, enquanto o CLIC4c e α-SMA foram elevados em CCELIs (p<0.0001). Ambas as lesões mostraram correlação negativa entre CLIC4n e CLIC4c, enquanto nos CCELIs, também se verificou correlação negativa entre CLIC4c e p53, assim como entre CLIC4c e TGF-β (p<0.05). Alteração do CLIC4 do núcleo para o citoplasma e alterações na expressão de p53, TGF-β, TNF-α, e α-SMA estão envolvidas na carcinogênese labial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lip Neoplasms , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Chloride Channels , Myofibroblasts , Carcinogenesis , Lip
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 127-133, abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125052

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma escamoso vulvar puede desarrollarse de manera asociada o independiente a la infección por HPV. La relación entre la patogénesis, la clasificación, el perfil inmunohistoquímico, y el pronóstico ha sido estudiada con algunas discrepancias. El objetivo del trabajo fue observar la concordancia clásicamente descripta que asocia a los carcinomas queratinizantes con la ausencia de infección por HPV y a los carcinomas warty y basaloides con la presencia de dicho virus. Para ello, revisamos la clínica, la morfología y el inmunofenotipo de 39 casos de nuestro hospital. Los tumores fueron clasificados histológicamente en carcinomas escamosos queratinizantes clásicos (30), warty (5) y basaloides (4). En el análisis estadístico la expresión de p16 fue asociada de manera significativa con una edad menor al momento del diagnóstico (p = 0.0025), presencia de lesión intraepitelial escamosa de alto grado (p < 0.0001), coilocitosis (p = 0.02), y subtipo morfológico (p = 0.02); y fue inversamente asociado con la expresión de p53 (p < 0.0001) y con el liquen escleroso (p = 0.0051). Resulta peculiar que, de los casos estudiados, 4 carcinomas queratinizantes coexpresaron p16 y p53. Un solo tumor de tipo warty resultó negativo para p16 y positivo para p53, y 9 queratinizantes resultaron positivos para p16 y negativos para p53. Si bien estos hallazgos indican que con la sola utilización de la hematoxilina y eosina podrían definirse de manera correcta los tumores asociados al HPV, sugerimos fuertemente la realización de inmunohistoquímica, especialmente en carcinomas escamosos queratinizantes en pacientes jóvenes o con historia de HPV.


Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva may develop in association or independently of HPV infection. The relationship between pathogenesis, classification, immunohistochemical profile and prognosis has been studied in the literature with some discrepancies. The aim of this study was to observe the classical association of keratinizing carcinomas with the absence of HPV infection and warty and basaloid carcinomas with the presence of this virus. Therefore, we reviewed the clinic, morphology, and immunophenotype of 39 cases. The tumors were histologically classified into classic keratinizing squamous carcinoma (30), warty (5) and basaloid (4). In the statistical analysis, diffuse expression with p16 was significantly associated with younger age (p = 0.0025), presence of high-grade intraepithelial lesion (p < 0.0001), koilocytosis (p = 0.02), and morphological subtype (p = 0.02), and was inversely associated with the expression of p53 (p < 0.0001) and the presence of lichen sclerosus (p = 0.0051). It is curious that 4 keratinizing carcinomas of the cases studied presented coexpression of p16 and p53. Only one warty tumor was negative for p16 and positive for p53, and 9 keratinizing tumors were positive for p16 and negative for p53. Although these findings show that the use of hematoxylin and eosin could correctly define tumors associated with HPV, we strongly suggest the performance of immunohistochemistry, especially in squamous keratinizing classic carcinomas in young patients with a history of HPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vulvar Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Papillomaviridae , Vulvar Neoplasms/diagnosis , Warts , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Papillomavirus Infections , Carcinogenesis
14.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(1): 18-26, 20200330. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104126

ABSTRACT

A maioria das neoplasias na bexiga tem início no urotélio. O carcinoma das células de transição é o mais comum. A citologia urinária juntamente com a cistoscopia, permanece como ferramenta de diagnóstico e monitoração. Alguns marcadores potenciais foram reconhecidos em espécimes de citologia urinária, incluindo a proteína p53. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi descrever os marcadores moleculares para diferenciação diagnóstica do carcinoma urotelial. Foi realizado um estudo de revisão de literatura. Quando observamos o carcinoma urotelial, notamos que há dissensões resultantes em variantes histológicas; sendo assim, utilizamos a imuno-histoquímica para confirmar sua origem. O urotelioma apresenta microhematúria, macrohematúria indolor. As células apresentam ocasionalmente um arranjo "semelhante a janela". Os biomarcadores baseiam-se na expressão diferencial das proteínas, DNA, RNA ou marcadores relacionados ao câncer. Observou-se que a citologia apresenta uma baixa sensibilidade, porém, em concentrações mais altas, a sua especificidade é >90%. A sensibilidade combinada da maioria dos marcadores variou e a especificidade da maioria variou entre 70% a 90%, menor que a citologia urinária. Nisso, os marcadores passam por estudos constantes para melhorar as tecnologias atuais. Embora a técnica seja de alto custo, a utilização e combinação de biomarcadores juntamente com a citologia urinária tem resultado na alta sensibilidade e especificidade.


The majority of neoplasms in the bladder have no onset urothelium. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common. A urinary cytology together with cystoscopy remain as a diagnostic and monitoring toll. Some potential molecular markers were recognized in urinary cytology specimens, including the p53 protein. The objective of this research was to describe the molecular markers for diagnostic differentiation of urothelial carcinoma. A review of the literature was performed. When we observe the urothelial carcinoma, we notice that there are dissensions resulting in histological variants, and, therefore, it uses immunohistochemistry to confirm your origin. Urotelioma presents microhematúria, painless macrohematúria. As cells do not urotelioma occasionally transformed a "window-like" arrangement. The biomarkers are based on the differential expression of proteins, DNA, RNA or cancer-related markers. It was observed that cytology has a low sensitivity, but at higher concentrations its specificity (>90%). A combined sensitivity of most markers ranged and the specificity of the majority varied from 70% to 90%, lower than urinary cytology. In this, the markers go through constant studies to improve it as current technologies. Although a high-cost technique, a use and combination of biomarkers with urinary cytology results in high sensitivity and specificity.


Subject(s)
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Diagnosis, Differential
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe effects of (, TLZT) gel preparation on p53, miR-502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissue of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore mechanism of TLZT gel preparation in treating KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirthy-six Wistar rats aged 8 weeks and weighed 200 to 220 g (meaned 208 g) were randomly divided into normal group, model group and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, 12 rats in each group. KOA model was established by modified Hulth method. After 4 weeks of modeling, TCM group treated with TLZT gel preparation for external use, 3 times daily for 2 weeks;normal group and model group were fed normally without intervention. After treatment, morphological changes of specimens in each group were observed, changes of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR, and contents of p53, NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR and Western Blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1)Morphological observation of specimens showed that the articular cartilage in model group was hyaline and uneven, the synovial membranes were hypertrophic and proliferative with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating, the joint fluid was thicker in texture;the articular cartilage in TCM group was more transparent and smooth, synovial hyperplasia was mild with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the texture of articular fluid was clear and sparse. (2) Compared with normal group, content of miR-502-5p of synovial tissue in model and TCM group were increased, mRNA and expression of p53 decreased, expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 increased. (3)Compared with model group, content of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue of TCM group decreased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of p53 increased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 decreased (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of p53, miR-502 -5p, NF -κBp65 in synovial tissue is closely related to synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory reaction, TLZT gel preparation may reduce proliferation and inflammatory reaction of KOA synovium by regulating the expression of p53, miR- 502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , MicroRNAs , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Synovial Membrane , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1221-1227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of double-hit multiple myeloma patients with deletion P53 treated with regimen based on bortezomib.@*METHODS@#The ethnical data from 186 newly diagnosed MM patients hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of Harrison International Peace hospital from January 2012 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and G-binding staining were used to detect cytogenetic abnormalities (P53 deletion, lq21 amplification and IgH rearranagement) for analyses of complete remission (CR), overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with bortezomib for 4 circles.@*RESULTS@#In 186 patients, simple P53 deletion was 14 cases, 1q21 amplification and P53 deletion were found in 11 cases (A group), t (14;16) and P53 deletion in 7 cases (B group), t (4;14) and P53 deletion in 9 cases (C group). The complete remission rate (CR%) of above-mentioned three groups was 27.27%, 28.57% and 33.33% respectively, and the ORR of the three groups was 54.54%, 57.14% and 55.56%, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference between the three groups (P>0.05). The patients with 1q21 amplification and P53 deletion had shorter OS and PFS time (P=0.041, P=0.046). The double-hit patients with 1q21 amplification showed shorter OS time, compared with the patients with P53 deletion (P=0.027). The double-hit patients with t(14;16) and t(4;14) showed shorter OS time (P=0.871, P=0.276) and PFS time (P=0.955, P=0.379) than those of the patients with P53 deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#P53 deletion and 1q21 amplification are an adverse prognostic factor of early recurrence and short lifetime in patients with newly diagnosed double-hit MM.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Chromosome Aberrations , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of palbociclib on cell cycle progression and proliferation of human renal tubular epithelial cells.@*METHODS@#Human renal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2 was treated with 1, 5, 10, and 20 μmol/L of palbociclib, and the changes in cell proliferation and viability were examined by cell counting and CCK8 assay. EDU staining was used to assess the proliferation of HK-2 cells following palbiciclib treatment at different concentrations for 5 days. The effect of palbociclib on cell cycle distribution of HK-2 cells was evaluated using flow cytometry. SA-β-Gal staining and C12FDG senescence staining were used to detect senescence phenotypes of HK-2 cells after palbociclib treatment at different concentrations for 5 days. The relative mRNA expression levels of P16, P21, and P53 and the genes associated with senescence-related secretion phenotypes were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of P16, P21 and P53 were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Palbociclib inhibited HK-2 cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. Compared with the control cells, HK-2 cells treated with high-dose (10 μmol/L) palbociclib exhibited significantly suppressed cell proliferation activity, and the inhibitory effect was the most obvious on day 5 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Palbociclib induces HK-2 cell senescence by causing cell growth arrest and delaying cell cycle progression.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cellular Senescence , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Piperazines/pharmacology , Pyridines/pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811139

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is required for renal fibrosis, which is a characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Our previous study demonstrated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) prevented DN associated with the suppressing renal connective tissue growth factor expression, a key marker of renal fibrosis. Therefore, the effects of FGF21 on renal fibrosis in a DN mouse model and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in this study.METHODS: Type 1 diabetes mellitus was induced in C57BL/6J mice by intraperitoneal injections of multiple low doses of streptozotocin. Then, diabetic and non-diabetic mice were treated with or without FGF21 in the presence of pifithrin-α (p53 inhibitor) or 10-[4′-(N,N-Diethylamino)butyl]-2-chlorophenoxazine hydrochloride (10-DEBC) hydrochloride (Akt inhibitor) for 4 months.RESULTS: DN was diagnosed by renal dysfunction, hypertrophy, tubulointerstitial lesions, and glomerulosclerosis associated with severe fibrosis, all of which were prevented by FGF21. FGF21 also suppressed the diabetes-induced renal EMT in DN mice by negatively regulating transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)-induced nuclear translocation of Smad2/3, which is required for the transcription of multiple fibrotic genes. The mechanistic studies showed that FGF21 attenuated nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 by inhibiting renal activity of its conjugated protein p53, which carries Smad2/3 into the nucleus. Moreover pifithrin-α inhibited the FGF21-induced preventive effects on the renal EMT and subsequent renal fibrosis in DN mice. In addition, 10-DEBC also blocked FGF21-induced inhibition of renal p53 activity by phosphorylation of mouse double minute-2 homolog (MDM2).CONCLUSION: FGF21 prevents renal fibrosis via negative regulation of the TGF-β/Smad2/3-mediated EMT process by activation of the Akt/MDM2/p53 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Fibroblasts , Fibrosis , Hypertrophy , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Kidney , Mice , Phosphorylation , Streptozocin , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
19.
Biol. Res ; 53: 13, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common tumor of the biliary tract. The incidence of GBC shows a large geographic variability, being particularly frequent in Native American populations. In Chile, GBC represents the second cause of cancer-related death among women. We describe here the establishment of three novel cell lines derived from the ascitic fluid of a Chilean GBC patient, who presented 46% European, 36% Mapuche, 12% Aymara and 6% African ancestry. RESULTS: After immunocytochemical staining of the primary cell culture, we isolated and comprehensively characterized three independent clones (PUC-GBC1, PUC-GBC2 and PUC-GBC3) by short tandem repeat DNA profiling and RNA sequencing as well as karyotype, doubling time, chemosensitivity, in vitro migration capability and in vivo tumorigenicity assay. Primary culture cells showed high expression of CK7, CK19, CA 19-9, MUC1 and MUC16, and negative expression of mesothelial markers. The three isolated clones displayed an epithelial phenotype and an abnormal structure and number of chromosomes. RNA sequencing confirmed the increased expression of cytokeratin and mucin genes, and also of TP53 and ERBB2 with some differences among the three cells lines, and revealed a novel exonic mutation in NF1. The PUC-GBC3 clone was the most aggressive according to histopathological features and the tumorigenic capacity in NSG mice. CONCLUSIONS: The first cell lines established from a Chilean GBC patient represent a new model for studying GBC in patients of Native American descent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate/genetics , Indians, South American/genetics , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Ascitic Fluid/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Carcinogenicity Tests , Chile , DNA Fingerprinting , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred NOD , Clone Cells/drug effects , Clone Cells/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Genes, erbB-2/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxycytidine/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Keratin-19/genetics , Keratin-7/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Gallbladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 671-678, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019884

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Penile cancer (PC) occurs less frequently in Europe and in the United States than in South America and parts of Africa. Lymph node (LN) involvement is the most important prognostic factor, and inguinal LN (ILN) dissection can be curative; however, ILN dissection has high morbidity. A nomogram was previously developed based on clinicopathological features of PC to predict ILN metastases. Our objective was to conduct an external validation of the previously developed nomogram based on our population. Materials and methods We included men with cN0 ILNs who underwent ILN dissection for penile carcinoma between 2000 and 2014. We performed external validation of the nomogram considering three different external validation methods: k-fold, leave-one-out, and bootstrap. We also analyzed prognostic variables. Performance was quantified in terms of calibration and discrimination (receiver operator characteristic curve). A logistic regression model for positive ILNs was developed based on clinicopathological features of PC. Results We analyzed 65 men who underwent ILN dissection (cN0). The mean age was 56.8 years. Of 65 men, 24 (36.9%) presented with positive LNs. A median 21 ILNs were removed. Considering the three different methods used, we concluded that the previously developed nomogram was not suitable for our sample. Conclusions In our study, the previously developed nomogram that was applied to our population had low accuracy and low precision for correctly identifying patients with PC who have positive ILNs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penile Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Nomograms , Inguinal Canal/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Reference Values , Logistic Models , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neoplasm Grading , Lymph Node Excision , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
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