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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1747-1758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981167

ABSTRACT

The gastrointestinal tract is the largest digestive organ and the largest immune organ and detoxification organ, which is vital to the health of the body. Drosophila is a classic model organism, and its gut is highly similar to mammalian gut in terms of cell composition and genetic regulation, therefore can be used as a good model for studying gut development. target of rapmaycin complex 1 (TORC1) is a key factor regulating cellular metabolism. Nprl2 inhibits TORC1 activity by reducing Rag GTPase activity. Previous studies have found that nprl2 mutated Drosophila showed aging-related phenotypes such as enlarged foregastric and reduced lifespan, which were caused by over-activation of TORC1. In order to explore the role of Rag GTPase in the developmental defects of the gut of nprl2 mutated Drosophila, we used genetic hybridization combined with immunofluorescence to study the intestinal morphology and intestinal cell composition of RagA knockdown and nprl2 mutated Drosophila. The results showed that RagA knockdown alone could induce intestinal thickening and forestomach enlargement, suggesting that RagA also plays an important role in intestinal development. Knockdown of RagA rescued the phenotype of intestinal thinning and decreased secretory cells in nprl2 mutants, suggesting that Nprl2 may regulate the differentiation and morphology of intestinal cells by acting on RagA. Knockdown of RagA did not rescue the enlarged forestomach phenotype in nprl2 mutants, suggesting that Nprl2 may regulate forestomach development and intestinal digestive function through a mechanism independent of Rag GTPase.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drosophila/genetics , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Drosophila Proteins/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 805-812, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prognostic value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) testing in patients with refractory/relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) undergoing chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy, and to guide the prevention and subsequent treatment of CAR-T-cell therapy failure. Methods: In this study, 48 patients with R/R DLBCL who received CAR-T-cell therapy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine between December 2017 and March 2022 were included. Furthermore, ctDNA testing of 187 lymphoma-related gene sets was performed on peripheral blood samples obtained before treatment. The patients were divided into complete remission and noncomplete remission groups. The chi-square test and t-test were used to compare group differences, and the Log-rank test was used to compare the differences in survival. Results: Among the patients who did not achieve complete remission after CAR-T-cell therapy for R/R DLBCL, the top ten genes with the highest mutation frequencies were TP53 (41%), TTN (36%), BCR (27%), KMT2D (27%), IGLL5 (23%), KMT2C (23%), MYD88 (23%), BTG2 (18%), MUC16 (18%), and SGK1 (18%). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that patients with ctDNA mutation genes >10 had poorer overall survival (OS) rate (1-year OS rate: 0 vs 73.8%, P<0.001) and progression-free survival (PFS) rate (1-year PFS rate: 0 vs 51.8%, P=0.011) compared with patients with ctDNA mutation genes ≤10. Moreover, patients with MUC16 mutation positivity before treatment had better OS (2-year OS rate: 56.8% vs 26.7%, P=0.046), whereas patients with BTG2 mutation positivity had poorer OS (1-year OS rate: 0 vs 72.5%, P=0.005) . Conclusion: ctDNA detection can serve as a tool for evaluating the efficacy of CAR-T-cell therapy in patients with R/R DLBCL. The pretreatment gene mutation burden, mutations in MUC16 and BTG2 have potential prognostic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Circulating Tumor DNA/genetics , Feasibility Studies , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Mutation , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Immediate-Early Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary and secondary pancreatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Clinical data of patients with pancreatic DLBCL admitted at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2003 to June 2020 were analyzed. Gene mutation profiles were evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) . Results: Overall, 80 patients were included; 12 patients had primary pancreatic DLBCL (PPDLBCL), and 68 patients had secondary pancreatic DLBCL (SPDLBCL). Compared with those with PPDLBCL, patients with SPDLBCL had a higher number of affected extranodal sites (P<0.001) and had higher IPI scores (P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the OS (P=0.120) and PFS (P=0.067) between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.025) and double expressor (DE) (P=0.017) were independent adverse prognostic factors of OS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.021) was an independent adverse prognostic factor of PFS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. Targeted sequencing of 29 patients showed that the mutation frequency of PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 in patients with pancreatic DLBCL were all >20%. PIM1 (P=0.006 for OS, P=0.032 for PFS) and MYD88 (P=0.001 for OS, P=0.017 for PFS) mutations were associated with poor OS and PFS in patients with SPDLBCL. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the OS and PFS between patients with PPDLBCL and those with SPDLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk and DE were adverse prognostic factors of pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 were common mutations in pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1 and MYD88 mutations indicated worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pancreas/pathology , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1177-1187, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980908

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common syndrome associated with considerable mortality and healthcare costs. Up to now, the underlying pathogenesis of ischemic AKI remains incompletely understood, and specific strategies for early diagnosis and treatment of ischemic AKI are still lacking. Here, this study aimed to define the transcriptomic landscape of AKI patients through single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis in kidneys.@*METHODS@#In this study, scRNA-seq technology was applied to kidneys from two ischemic AKI patients, and three human public scRNA-seq datasets were collected as controls. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and cell clusters of kidneys were determined. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, as well as the ligand-receptor interaction between cells, were performed. We also validated several DEGs expression in kidneys from human ischemic AKI and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury induced AKI mice through immunohistochemistry staining.@*RESULTS@#15 distinct cell clusters were determined in kidney from subjects of ischemic AKI and control. The injured proximal tubules (PT) displayed a proapoptotic and proinflammatory phenotype. PT cells of ischemic AKI had up-regulation of novel pro-apoptotic genes including USP47 , RASSF4 , EBAG9 , IER3 , SASH1 , SEPTIN7 , and NUB1 , which have not been reported in ischemic AKI previously. Several hub genes were validated in kidneys from human AKI and renal I/R injury mice, respectively. Furthermore, PT highly expressed DEGs enriched in endoplasmic reticulum stress, autophagy, and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) signaling. DEGs overexpressed in other tubular cells were primarily enriched in nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling, estrogen signaling, interleukin (IL)-12 signaling, and IL-17 signaling. Overexpressed genes in kidney-resident immune cells including macrophages, natural killer T (NKT) cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells were associated with leukocyte activation, chemotaxis, cell adhesion, and complement activation. In addition, the ligand-receptor interactions analysis revealed prominent communications between macrophages and monocytes with other cells in the process of ischemic AKI.@*CONCLUSION@#Together, this study reveals distinct cell-specific transcriptomic atlas of kidney in ischemic AKI patients, altered signaling pathways, and potential cell-cell crosstalk in the development of AKI. These data reveal new insights into the pathogenesis and potential therapeutic strategies in ischemic AKI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Transcriptome/genetics , Ligands , Kidney/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Ischemia/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 166-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971511

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of LASS2/TMSG1 gene overexpression on proliferation and apoptosis of human lung cancer A549 cells and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#We examined LASS2/TMSG1 expression level in a previously constructed A549 cell line overexpressing LASS2/TMSG1 using Western blotting. The proliferation and apoptosis of the cells were detected using colony-forming assay, CCK-8 assay, Hoechst/PI double staining and flow cytometry. Fourteen nude mice were randomized into 2 groups (n=7) to receive subcutaneous injection of A549 cells with or without LASS2/TMSG1 overexpression on the back of the neck, and the cell proliferation in vivo was observed. The expression levels of p38 MAPK protein and p-p38 MAPK protein in the xenografts were detected with Western blotting. ELISA was used to detect the levels of ceramide and p38 MAPK protein in cultured A549 cell supernatants and the xenografts in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the negative control cells, A549 cells with LASS2/TMSG1 overexpression had significantly lowered proliferation ability in vitro with increased early apoptosis rate (P < 0.05), and showed obvious growth inhibition after inoculation in nude mice(P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that in both cultured A549 cells and the xenografts in nude mice, LASS2/TMSG1 gene overexpression significantly increased the expression levels of p38 MAPK protein and p-p38 MAPK protein (P < 0.05); the results of ELISA also revealed significantly increased levels of ceramide and p38 MAPK protein in the cell supernatant andxenografts as well (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Overexpression of LASS2/TMSG1 gene can significantly inhibit the proliferation and promote early apoptosis of human lung cancer A549 cells both in vitro and in vivo possibly by upregulating the expressions of ceramide and p38 MAPK protein to activate a signal transduction cascade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , A549 Cells , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Lung Neoplasms , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Mice, Nude , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 710-717, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for small molecular compounds with selective inhibitory activity against cutaneous melanoma cells with BAP1 deletion.@*METHODS@#Cutaneous melanoma cells expressing wild-type BAP1 were selected to construct a BAP1 knockout cell model using CRISPR-Cas9 system, and small molecules with selective inhibitory activity against BAP1 knockout cells were screened from a compound library using MTT assay. Rescue experiment was carried out to determine whether the sensitivity of BAP1 knockout cells to the candidate compounds was directly related to BAP1 deletion. The effects of the candidate compounds on cell cycle and apoptosis were detected with flow cytometry, and the protein expressions in the cells were analyzed with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The p53 activator RITA from the compound library was shown to selectively inhibit the viability of BAP1 knockout cells. Overexpression of wild-type BAP1 reversed the sensitivity of BAP1 knockout cells to RITA, while overexpression of the mutant BAP1 (C91S) with inactivated ubiquitinase did not produce any rescue effect. Compared with the control cells expressing wild-type BAP1, BAP1 knockout cells were more sensitive to RITA-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis (P < 0.0001) and showed an increased expression of p53 protein, which was further increased by RITA treatment (P < 0.0001).@*CONCLUSION@#Loss of BAP1 results in the sensitivity of cutaneous melanoma cells to p53 activator RITA. In melanoma cells, the activity of ubiquitinase in BAP1 is directly related to their sensitivity to RITA. An increased expression of p53 protein induced by BAP1 knockout is probably a key reason for RITA sensitivity of melanoma cells, suggesting the potential of RITA as a targeted therapeutic agent for cutaneous melanoma carrying BAP1-inactivating mutations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Melanoma , Skin Neoplasms , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Apoptosis , Cell Division , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 594-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) in promoting cell migration, invasion and proliferation in pancreatic cancer. Methods: The correlation between DCLK1 and Hippo pathway was analyzed using TCGA and GTEx databases and confirmed by fluorescence staining of pancreatic cancer tissue microarrays. At the cellular level, immunofluorescence staining of cell crawls and western blot assays were performed to clarify whether DCLK1 regulates yes associated protein1 (YAP1), a downstream effector of the Hippo pathway. Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to analyze the expressions of YAP1 binding transcription factor TEA-DNA binding proteins (TEAD) and downstream malignant behavior-promoting molecules CYR61, EDN1, AREG, and CTGF. Transwell test of the DCLK1-overexpressing cells treated with the Hippo pathway inhibitor Verteporfin was used to examine whether the malignant behavior-promoting ability was blocked. Analysis of changes in the proliferation index of experimental cells used real-time label-free cells. Results: TCGA combined with GTEx data analysis showed that the expressions of DCLK1 and YAP1 molecules in pancreatic cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues (P<0.05). Moreover, DCLK1was positively correlated with the expressions of many effectors in the Hippo pathway, including LATS1 (r=0.53, P<0.001), LATS2 (r=0.34, P<0.001), MOB1B (r=0.40, P<0.001). In addition, the tissue microarray of pancreatic cancer patients was stained with multicolor fluorescence, indicated that the high expression of DCLK1 in pancreatic cancer patients was accompanied by the up-regulated expression of YAP1. The expression of DCLK1 in pancreatic cancer cell lines was analyzed by the CCLE database. The results showed that the expression of DCLK1 in AsPC-1 and PANC-1 cells was low. Thus, we overexpressed DCLK1 in AsPC-1 and PANC-1 cell lines and found that DCLK1 overexpression in pancreatic cancer cell lines promoted YAP1 expression and accessible to the nucleus. In addition, DCLK1 up-regulated the expression of YAP1 binding transcription factor TEAD and increased the mRNA expression levels of downstream malignant behavior-promoting molecules. Finally, Verteporfin, an inhibitor of the Hippo pathway, could antagonize the cell's malignant behavior-promoting ability mediated by high expression of DCLK1. We found that the number of migrated cells with DCLK1 overexpressing AsPC-1 group was 68.33±7.09, which was significantly higher than 22.00±4.58 of DCLK1 overexpressing cells treated with Verteporfin (P<0.05). Similarly, the migration number of PANC-1 cells overexpressing DCLK1 was 65.66±8.73, which was significantly higher than 37.00±6.00 of the control group and 32.33±9.61 of Hippo pathway inhibitor-treated group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the number of invasive cells in the DCLK1-overexpressed group was significantly higher than that in the DCLK1 wild-type group cells, while the Verteporfin-treated DCLK1-overexpressed cells showed a significant decrease. In addition, we monitored the cell proliferation index using the real-time cellular analysis (RTCA) assay, and the proliferation index of DCLK1-overexpressed AsPC-1 cells was 0.66±0.04, which was significantly higher than 0.38±0.01 of DCLK1 wild-type AsPC-1 cells (P<0.05) as well as 0.05±0.03 of DCLK1-overexpressed AsPC1 cells treated with Verteporfin (P<0.05). PANC-1 cells showed the same pattern, with a proliferation index of 0.77±0.04 for DCLK1-overexpressed PANC-1 cells, significantly higher than DCLK1-overexpressed PANC1 cells after Verteporfin treatment (0.14±0.05, P<0.05). Conclusion: The expression of DCLK1 is remarkably associated with the Hippo pathway, it promotes the migration, invasion, and proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells by activating the Hippo pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Doublecortin-Like Kinases , Hippo Signaling Pathway , Verteporfin/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , YAP-Signaling Proteins , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984622

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with testicular DLBCL admitted to Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from October 2001 to April 2020. The gene mutation profile was evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes) , and prognostic factors were analyzed. Results: A total of 68 patients were included, of whom 45 (66.2% ) had primary testicular DLBCL and 23 (33.8% ) had secondary testicular DLBCL. The proportion of secondary testicular DLBCL patients with Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P<0.001) , elevated LDH (P<0.001) , ECOG score ≥ 2 points (P=0.005) , and IPI score 3-5 points (P<0.001) is higher than that of primary testicular DLBCL patients. Sixty-two (91% ) patients received rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) -based first-line regimen, whereas 54 cases (79% ) underwent orchiectomy prior to chemotherapy. Patients with secondary testicular DLBCL had a lower estimated 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate (16.5% vs 68.1% , P<0.001) and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate (63.4% vs 74.9% , P=0.008) than those with primary testicular DLBCL, and their complete remission rate (57% vs 91% , P=0.003) was also lower than that of primary testicular DLBCL. The ECOG scores of ≥2 (PFS: P=0.018; OS: P<0.001) , Ann Arbor stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ (PFS: P<0.001; OS: P=0.018) , increased LDH levels (PFS: P=0.015; OS: P=0.006) , and multiple extra-nodal involvements (PFS: P<0.001; OS: P=0.013) were poor prognostic factors in testicular DLBCL. Targeted sequencing data in 20 patients with testicular DLBCL showed that the mutation frequencies of ≥20% were PIM1 (12 cases, 60% ) , MYD88 (11 cases, 55% ) , CD79B (9 cases, 45% ) , CREBBP (5 cases, 25% ) , KMT2D (5 cases, 25% ) , ATM (4 cases, 20% ) , and BTG2 (4 cases, 20% ) . The frequency of mutations in KMT2D in patients with secondary testicular DLBCL was higher than that in patients with primary testicular DLBCL (66.7% vs 7.1% , P=0.014) and was associated with a lower 5-year PFS rate in patients with testicular DLBCL (P=0.019) . Conclusion: Patients with secondary testicular DLBCL had worse PFS and OS than those with primary testicular DLBCL. The ECOG scores of ≥2, Ann Arbor stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ, increased LDH levels, and multiple extra-nodal involvements were poor prognostic factors in testicular DLBCL. PIM1, MYD88, CD79B, CREBBP, KMT2D, ATM, and BTG2 were commonly mutated genes in testicular DLBCL, and the prognosis of patients with KMT2D mutations was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , China/epidemiology , Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
9.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 346-358, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982706

ABSTRACT

Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. is a famous medicinal plant commonly used in East Asia. Triterpene saponins isolated from P. grandiflorum are the main biologically active compounds, among which polygalacin D (PGD) has been reported to be an anti-tumor agent. However, its anti-tumor mechanism against hepatocellular carcinoma is unknown. This study aimed to explore the inhibitory effect of PGD in hepatocellular carcinoma cells and related mechanisms of action. We found that PGD exerted significant inhibitory effect on hepatocellular carcinoma cells through apoptosis and autophagy. Analysis of the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and autophagy-related proteins revealed that this phenomenon was attributed to the mitochondrial apoptosis and mitophagy pathways. Subsequently, using specific inhibitors, we found that apoptosis and autophagy had mutually reinforcing effects. In addition, further analysis of autophagy showed that PGD induced mitophagy by increasing BCL2 interacting protein 3 like (BNIP3L) levels.In vivo experiments demonstrated that PGD significantly inhibited tumor growth and increased the levels of apoptosis and autophagy in tumors. Overall, our findings showed that PGD induced cell death of hepatocellular carcinoma cells primarily through mitochondrial apoptosis and mitophagy pathways. Therefore, PGD can be used as an apoptosis and autophagy agonist in the research and development of antitumor agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mitophagy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Line , Autophagy , Apoptosis , Membrane Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/pharmacology
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 587-596, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939829

ABSTRACT

The epidermal cell differentiation regulator zinc finger protein 750 (ZNF750) is a transcription factor containing the Cys2His2 (C2H2) domain, the zinc finger structure of which is located at the N-terminal 25‍‍-‍46 amino acids of ZNF750. It can promote the expression of differentiation-related factors while inhibiting the expression of progenitor cell-related genes. ZNF750 is directly regulated by p63 (encoded by the TP63 gene, belonging to the TP53 superfamily). The Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), repressor element-1 (RE-1)‍-silencing transcription factor (REST) corepressor 1 (RCOR1), lysine demethylase 1A (KDM1A), and C-terminal-binding protein 1/2 (CTBP1/2) chromatin regulators cooperate with ZNF750 to repress epidermal progenitor genes and activate the expression of epidermal terminal differentiation genes (Sen et al., 2012; Boxer et al., 2014). Besides, ZNF750 and the regulatory network composed of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) (anti-differentiation non-coding RNA (ANCR) and tissue differentiation-inducing non-protein coding RNA (TINCR)), musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene (MAF)/MAF family B (MAFB), grainy head-like 3 (GRHL3), and positive regulatory domain zinc finger protein 1 (PRDM1) jointly promote epidermal cell differentiation (Sen et al., 2012).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Histone Demethylases/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 72-80, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927849

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and the potential roles of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA)cancer susceptibility candidate 2(CASC2)and imprinted gene H19 in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ECC). Methods Four samples from patients with ECC were collected for high-throughput sequencing which was conducted to reveal the transcriptomic profiles of lncRNA CASC2 and H19.Bioinformatics tools were employed to predict the potential roles of the two genes.Another 22 ECC tissue samples and the cholangiocarcinoma cell lines(RBE,QBC939,HuH-28,and HuCCT1)with different degrees of differentiation were selected for validation.The para-carcinoma tissue and normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cell(HIBEC)were used as the control groups.The expression levels of lncRNA CASC2 and H19 in carcinoma tissue,para-carcinoma tissue,and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).The correlation analysis was carried out for the clinical indicators of patients with the expression levels of the target genes. Results The two target genes showed significantly different expression between carcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissue(all P<0.05).Specifically,CASC2 had higher expression level in the carcinoma tissue than in the para-carcinoma tissue(t=1.262,P=0.025),whereas the expression of H19 showed an opposite trend(t=1.285,P=0.005).The expression levels of CASC2 in QBC939(t=8.114,P=0.015)and HuH-28(t=9.202,P=0.012)cells were significantly higher than that in the control group.The expression levels of H19 were significantly lower in RBE(t=-10.244,P<0.001),QBC939(t=-10.476,P<0.001),HuH-28(t=-19.798,P<0.001),and HuCCT1(t=-16.193,P=0.004)cells than in the control group.Bioinformatics analysis showed that CASC2 was mainly involved in the metabolic process and H19 in the development of multicellular organisms.Both CASC2 and H19 were related to catalytic activity.The expression level of lncRNA CASC2 was correlated with pathological differentiation(χ 2=6.222,P=0.022)and lymph node metastasis(χ2=5.455,P=0.020),and that of lncRNA H19 with pathological differentiation(χ2=1.174,P=0.029)and tumor size(χ2=-0.507,P=0.037). Conclusions In the case of ECC,lncRNA CASC2 and H19 have transcription disorders.lncRNA CASC2 is generally up-regulated in the carcinoma tissue,while H19 is down-regulated.Both genes have the potential to become new molecular markers for ECC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 74-82, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345513

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Inhibitor of Growth (ING) gene family is a group of tumor suppressor genes that play important roles in cell cycle control, senescence, DNA repair, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. However, inactivation and downregulation of these proteins have been related in some neoplasms. The present study aimed to evaluate the immunohistochemical profiles of ING3 and ING4 proteins in a series of benign epithelial odontogenic lesions. Methods: The sample comprised of 20 odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), 20 ameloblastomas (AM), and 15 adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOT) specimens. Nuclear and cytoplasmic immunolabeling of ING3 and ING4 were semi-quantitatively evaluated in epithelial cells of the odontogenic lesions, according to the percentage of immunolabelled cells in each case. Descriptive and statistics analysis were computed, and the p-value was set at 0.05. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in cytoplasmic and nuclear ING3 immunolabeling among the studied lesions. In contrast, AOTs presented higher cytoplasmic and nuclear ING4 labeling compared to AMs (cytoplasmic p-value = 0.01; nuclear p-value < 0.001) and OKCs (nuclear p-value = 0.007). Conclusion: ING3 and ING4 protein downregulation may play an important role in the initiation and progression of more aggressive odontogenic lesions, such as AMs and OKCs.


Resumo Objetivos: A família dos Genes Inibidores de Crescimento (ING) é um grupo de genes supressores tumorais que desempenham papéis importantes no controle do ciclo celular, na senescência, no reparo do DNA, na proliferação celular e na apoptose. No entanto, a inativação e a regulação negativa dessas proteínas têm sido relacionadas em algumas neoplasias. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o perfil imuno-histoquímico das proteínas ING3 e ING4 em uma série de lesões odontogênicas epiteliais benignas. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por espécimes de 20 ceratocistos odontogênicos (CO), 20 ameloblastomas (AM) e 15 tumores odontogênicos adenomatoides (TOA). A imunoexpressão nuclear e citoplasmática de ING3 e ING4 foram avaliadas semi-quantitativamente nas células epiteliais das lesões odontogênicas, de acordo com a porcentagem de células imunomarcadas em cada caso. As análises descritivas e estatísticas foram computadas, e o valor de p estabelecido foi de 0,05. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas na imunoexpressão citoplasmática e nuclear de ING3 entre as lesões estudadas. Em contrapartida, os TOAs apresentaram maior marcação citoplasmática e nuclear de ING4 em comparação aos AMs (valor de p citoplasmático=0,01; valor de p nuclear <0,001) e COs (valor nuclear de p=0,007). Conclusão: A regulação negativa das proteínas ING3 e ING4 pode desempenhar um papel importante na iniciação e na progressão de lesões odontogênicas mais agressivas, como AMs e COs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ameloblastoma , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Homeodomain Proteins , Cell Cycle Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Cell Proliferation
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 247-251, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056430

ABSTRACT

Nine tumor and various potential biomarkers were measured and combined the information to diagnose disease, all patients accepted fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytologyand histopathology examination in order to reliably detect lung cancer. The samples from 314 Chinese lung cancer patients were obtained and CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA CD56, Syn and CgA were measured with the immunohistochemical SP method and analyzed correlation of the expression of these markers with pathological and clinical features of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and small cell lung carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma were 61 cases, 114 cases and 139 cases,CK5/6 and P63 expression were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 77.05 % and 96.44 %, 83.61 % and 88.93 %,and compared with adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), The incidences of a positive P40 expression were 100 % in squamous cell carcinoma, with specificity of 98.81 %.CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 85.09 % and 78.69 %, 79.82 % and 93.44 %, 56.14 % and 95.08 %, and compared with squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). TTF-1, Syn, CgA and CD56 expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 86.33 % and 93.44 %, 89.21 % and 98.36 %, 74.10 % and 100 %, 96.40 % and 96.72 %. The combined detection of CK5/6, P63 and P40 were more useful and specific in differentiating squamous cell carcinoma. CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA were more useful and specific in differentiating lung adenocarcinoma. The impaired CD56, TTF-1, Syn and CgA reflects the progression of small cell lung cancer.


Se midieron tumores y utilizaron nueve biomarcadores potenciales y se analizó la información para diagnosticar la enfermedad. A todos los pacientes se les realizó citología en líquido con broncoscopía de fibra y examen histopatológico para detectar de manera confiable el cáncer pulmonar. Se obtuvieron muestras de 314 pacientes chinos con cáncer de pulmón y CK5 / 6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, Napsina A, CD56, Syn y CgA se midieron a través de histoquímica SP y analizaron la correlación de la expresión de estos marcadores con características patológicas y clínicas de carcinoma de células escamosas, adenocarcinoma y carcinoma de células pequeñas en el cáncer de pulmón. El carcinoma de células escamosas, el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas fueron 61 casos, 114 casos y 139 casos, respectivamente, la expresión de CK5 / 6 y P63 fueron más frecuentes en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 77,05 % y 96,44 %, 83,61 % y 88,93 %, y en comparación con el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05). La incidencia de ap la expresión positiva P40 fue del 100 % en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una especificidad del 98,81 %. La expresión de CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más frecuentes en el adenocarcinoma, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 85,09 % y 78,69 %, 79,82 % y 93,44 %, 56,14 % y 95,08 %, y en comparación con el carcinoma de células escamosas y la diferencia de carcinoma de células pequeñas fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05) .TTF-1, Syn, CgA y la expresión de CD56 fueron más frecuentes en adenocarcinoma, con sensibilidad y especificidad de 86.33 % y 93.44 %, 89.21 % y 98.36 %, 74.10 % y 100 %, 96.40 % y 96.72 %. La detección combinada de CK5 / 6, P63 y P40 fue más útil y específica en la diferenciación del carcinoma de células escamosas. CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más útiles y específicos para diferenciar el adenocarcinoma de pulmón. El deterioro de CD56, TTF-1, Syn y CgA refleja la progresión del cáncer de pulmón de células pequeñas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Peptide Fragments/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Carcinoma, Small Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Small Cell/pathology , CD56 Antigen/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Keratins, Type II/metabolism , Keratin-7/metabolism , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1/metabolism
14.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 69-77, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179284

ABSTRACT

According to data from studies, antioxidant herbal compounds are, likely to have a useful role in reducing the harmful effects of environmental pollutants and toxic chemicals that most people are exposed to. Cadmium is one of the toxic elements that accumulate in many organs, especially in kidneys. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of crocin on the expression of PKHD1 and KLLN genes in cadmium-treated rats.In this experimental study, 40 adults male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were randomly divided into the following groups: control group received normal saline, cadmium group (15mg/kg), crocin group (20mg/kg) and cadmium group daily fed with crocin at a dose of 20 mg/kg.After eight weeks of treatment, rats were dissected, and kidney tissues were removed for evaluation of PKHD1 and KLLN gene expression by real time method. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and significant difference between groups was P<0.05.Our results showed an increase in PKHD1 gene expression and a decrease in KLLN gene expression in kidney tissue in the cadmium group compared to the control group (P <0.001).Also, a significant decrease in PKHD1 gene expression (P <0.001) and an increase in KLLN gene expression P <0.05) were observed in the tissues of all cadmium-treated rats compared to cadmium.Crocin consumption can have a protective effect against the impaired expression of PKHD1 and KLLN cadmium-induced apoptotic pathway.


Diversos estudios sugieren que compuestos antioxidantes de hierbas tienen un papel útil en la reducción de los efectos nocivos de los contaminantes ambientales y los químicos tóxicos a los que está expuesta la mayoría de las personas. El cadmio es uno de los elementos tóxicos que se acumulan en muchos órganos, especialmente en los riñones. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el efecto de la crocina en la expresión de los genes PKHD1 y KLLN en ratas tratadas con cadmio.En este estudio experimental, 40 ratas Wistar macho adultas (200-250 g) se dividieron aleatoriamente en los siguientes grupos: el grupo de control recibió solución salina normal, el grupo de cadmio (15 mg / kg), el grupo de crocina (20 mg / kg) y el grupo de cadmio alimentado diariamente con crocina a una dosis de 20 mg / kg.Después de ocho semanas de tratamiento, se disecaron las ratas y se extrajeron los tejidos renales para evaluar la expresión de los genes PKHD1 y KLLN mediante un método en tiempo real. Los datos se analizaron mediante ANOVA de una vía y la diferencia significativa entre los grupos fue P <0,05.Nuestros resultados mostraron un aumento en la expresión del gen PKHD1 y una disminución en la expresión del gen KLLN en el tejido renal en el grupo de cadmio en comparación con el grupo de control (P <0,001).Además, se observó una disminución significativa en la expresión del gen PKHD1 (P <0,001) y un aumento en la expresión del gen KLLN P <0,05) en los tejidos de todas las ratas tratadas con cadmio en comparación con el cadmio.El consumo de crocina puede tener un efecto protector contra la expresión alterada de la vía apoptótica inducida por cadmio PKHD1 y KLLN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cadmium/therapeutic use , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy
15.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 68-68, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880305

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Particulate matter (PM) < 2.5 μm (PM@*METHODS@#We obtained DNA methylation and exercise data of 496 participants (aged between 30 and 70 years) from the Taiwan Biobank (TWB) database. We also extracted PM@*RESULTS@#DLEC1 methylation and PM@*CONCLUSIONS@#We found significant positive associations between PM


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Air Pollutants/adverse effects , DNA Methylation/drug effects , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Exercise , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Taiwan , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1939-1945, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lncRNA-CASC2 (CASC2) /miR-155-5p/APC axis to the progression of non-Hodgikn lymphoma (NHL).@*METHODS@#The expression level of CASC2 and miR-155-5p in NHL cell lines were examined by qRT-PCR. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the relationship between miR-155-5p, CASC2 and APC. The effects of CASC/miR-155-5p/APC axis to the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of NK-92 cells were detected by MTT, Transwell assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively.@*RESULTS@#CASC2 was downregulated in NHL cell lines. Overexpression of CASC2 could inhibit the proliferation and invasion of NK-92 cells, and promote its apoptosis. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that there was a targeting relationship between miR-155-5p, CASC2 and APC. The restoration experiments proved that knockdown of both miR-155-5p and CASC2 or APC could restore the inhibitory effect of miR-155-5p silencing to the biological behavior of NK-92 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Overexpression of CASC2 suppresses the proliferation and invasion of NK-92 cells, promote the apoptosis of NK-92 cells via targeting miR-155-5p and upregulating APC expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1082-1087, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the correlation between CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing member 5 (CMTM5) gene and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), and to detect the effects of CMTM5 gene expression changes on the ability of adhesion and migration of THP-1 cells.@*METHODS@#Using case-control method, a total of 700 hospitalized patients in Shijitan Hospital were enrolled in this study. CAD were diagnosed by coronary angiography, which was defined as at least one blood vessel diameter stenosis ≥50% according to the result of coronary angiography. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was used to detect CMTM5 gene expression; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method to detect the plasma level of CMTM5; and Logistic regression to analyze CMTM5 genes and the risk of CAD. Human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) and THP-1 cells were cultivated, adhesion and Transwells experiments were used to evaluate the chemotactic capabi-lity of CMTM5 gene on THP-1 cells.@*RESULTS@#In this study, 350 CAD patients matched with 350 control patients were included. RT-PCR results revealed CMTM5 mRNA expression in CAD group was 3.45 times compared with control group, which was significantly higher than that in control group (P < 0.05). The levels of CMTM5 plasma protein in CAD group was (206.1±26.9) μg/L, which was significantly higher than that in control group (125.3±15.2) μg/L (P < 0.05). After adjusted for the risk factors of age, gender, BMI, smoking, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia, Logistic regression analysis results indicated that CMTM5 was the susceptibility factors of CAD, which still had significant correlation with CAD (P < 0.05). Adhesion and Transwells experiments results revealed that the numbers of adhesion and migration of THP-1 cells in CMTM5 overexpression ECs group (EO group) were significantly higher than that in lenti-mock infected ECs group (EO-MOCK group), non-infected ECs group (EN group), lenti-mock infected ECs group (ES-MOCK group), and CMTM5 suppression ECs group (ES group). On the contrary, the numbers of adhesion and migration of THP-1 cells in ES group were significantly lower than that in the other four groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CMTM5 gene was closely related to the development of CAD. CMTM5 overexpression promoted the adhesion and migration of THP-1, which might play a part in the mechanisms of atherosclerosis and CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemokines , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Endothelial Cells , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 856-862, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the correlation between CKLF-like marvel transmembrane domain containing member (CMTM5) gene and the risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR) with coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and to detect the effects and mechanisms of CMTM5-stimulated genes on human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) proliferation and migration.@*METHODS@#A total of 124 hospitalized patients in Shijitan Hospital were enrolled in this study. All the CAD patients were detected with platelet reactivity and grouped into two groups according to platelet reactivity; ISR was conformed by coronary angiography; RT-PCR method was used to detect CMTM5 gene expression; The CMTM5 over expression, reduction and control EC lines were established; Cell count, MTT, Brdu and flow cytometry methods were used to detect the proliferation of ECs, scratch and transwell experiments to test the migration of ECs, Western blot was used to detect signal path expressions.@*RESULTS@#CMTM5 gene expression in HAPR (High on aspirin platelet reactivity) group was 1.72 times compared with No-HAPR group, which was significantly higher than No-HAPR group. HAPR group ISR rate was 25.8% (8 cases), the incidence of No-HAPR ISR group was 9.7% (9 cases), and the results showed that in HAPR group, the incidence of ISR was significantly higher than that in No-HAPR group (P=0.04, OR=0.04, 95%CI=1.16-7.52), which showed that CMTM5 gene was significantly correlated with the risk of ISR. In HAPR group ISR rate was 25.8% (8 cases), the incidence of ISR in No-HAPR group was 9.7% (9 cases), and the results showed that the risk of ISR in HAPR group was significantly higher than that in No-HAPR group. All the results showed that CMTM5 was significantly correlated with the risk of ISR in CAD patients (P < 0.05). CMTM5 overexpression inhibited the proliferation and migration ability of ECs (P < 0.05), PI3K/Akt signaling pathways were involved in the role of regulation on ECs.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results revealed that CMTM5 gene was closely related with ISR, CMTM5 overexpression may repress ECs proliferation and migration through regulating PI3K-Akt signaling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemokines , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Endothelial Cells , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e052, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132707

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the differential expression of DEC1 in oral normal mucosa (NM), oral leukoplakia (OLK) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Surgically excised specimens from patients with OLK (n = 47), OSCC (n = 30) and oral normal mucosa (n=11) were immunostained for DEC1. The expression of DEC1 protein was evaluated, and its association with the clinicopathological features was analyzed. The expression of DEC1 in NM, OLK and OSCC tissues increased in turn, and significant differences were observed among the groups (P < 0.0001). In terms of the association between DEC1 expression and epithelial dysplasia, DEC1 expression was lower in hyperkeratosis without dysplasia (H-OLK) than in OLK with moderate to severe dysplasia (S-OLK), and these differences were significant (p < 0.05). The expression of DEC1 in OSCC with OLK was significantly higher than that in OSCC without OLK (p < 0.01). Therefore, DEC1 could be a potential biomarker of malignant transformation in the carcinogenesis of OSCC, which may provide a new research direction for the transformation of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) into OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 146-148, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099838

ABSTRACT

Los anticuerpos monoclonales que inhiben los puntos de control PD-1 y CTLA-4 se usan actualmente en el tratamiento del melanoma y cáncer metastásico de pulmón de células no pequeñas, entre otros. Se refiere el caso de una paciente con cáncer de pulmón en tratamiento con pembrolizumab. La paciente se presentó con edema facial y parálisis facial periférica. En el laboratorio se observó la hormona tirotrofina (TSH) elevada y se llegó al diagnóstico de hipotiroidismo por pembrolizumab. Inició tratamiento con levotiroxina con mejoría clínica. Se presenta este caso por el importante papel del dermatólogo en el manejo multidisciplinario del paciente oncológico. (AU)


Monoclonal antibodies that inhibit PD-1 and CTLA-4 control points are currently used in the treatment of melanoma and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, among others. The case of a patient, with lung cancer being treated with Pembrolizumab. The patient was presented with facial edema and peripheral facial paralysis and in the laboratory the elevated hormone Tyrotrophin (TSH) was observed, the diagnosis of pembrolizumab hypothyroidism was reached. She started treatment with levothyroxine with clinical improvement. This case is presented by the important role of the dermatologist in the multidisciplinary management of the cancer patient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Antibodies, Monoclonal/adverse effects , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Brain Neoplasms/complications , Brain Neoplasms/drug therapy , Thyrotropin/analysis , Carboplatin/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/drug effects , Dermatology , Facial Injuries , Facial Paralysis , CTLA-4 Antigen/drug effects , CTLA-4 Antigen/physiology , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/drug effects , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/physiology , Pemetrexed/administration & dosage , Melanoma/complications , Melanoma/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/administration & dosage , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis/drug therapy
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