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1.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-9, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774431

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 or ubiquinone) deficiency can be due either to mutations in genes involved in CoQ10 biosynthesis pathway, or to mutations in genes unrelated to CoQ10 biosynthesis. CoQ10 defect is the only oxidative phosphorylation disorder that can be clinically improved after oral CoQ10 supplementation. Thus, early diagnosis, first evoked by mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) spectrophotometric analysis, then confirmed by direct measurement of CoQ10 levels, is of critical importance to prevent irreversible damage in organs such as the kidney and the central nervous system. It is widely reported that CoQ10 deficient patients present decreased quinone-dependent activities (segments I + III or G3P + III and II + III) while MRC activities of complexes I, II, III, IV and V are normal. We previously suggested that CoQ10 defect may be associated with a deficiency of CoQ10-independent MRC complexes. The aim of this study was to verify this hypothesis in order to improve the diagnosis of this disease. RESULTS: To determine whether CoQ10 defect could be associated with MRC deficiency, we quantified CoQ10 by LC-MSMS in a cohort of 18 patients presenting CoQ10-dependent deficiency associated with MRC defect. We found decreased levels of CoQ10 in eight patients out of 18 (45 %), thus confirming CoQ10 disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that CoQ10 defect can be associated with MRC deficiency. This could be of major importance in clinical practice for the diagnosis of a disease that can be improved by CoQ10 supplementation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ataxia/genetics , Electron Transport/genetics , Mutation , Mitochondrial Diseases/genetics , Muscle Weakness/genetics , Ubiquinone/analogs & derivatives , Ubiquinone/deficiency , Ataxia/diagnosis , Ataxia/metabolism , Biopsy , Cells, Cultured , Chromatography, Liquid , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Mitochondrial Diseases/diagnosis , Mitochondrial Diseases/metabolism , Muscle Weakness/diagnosis , Muscle Weakness/metabolism , Muscles/pathology , Spectrophotometry/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Ubiquinone/biosynthesis , Ubiquinone/genetics , Ubiquinone/metabolism
2.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(1): 193-198, 01/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733154

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to applythe Health Belief Model to explain the adherence to the recommendation not to recap needles by dentists and dental assistants of the public health system in a municipality in the State of São Paulo. A questionnaire validated and adapted for the oral health area was used, which included variables related to the frequency of recapping and health beliefs using Likert-type scales. The relationship between beliefs and adherence to the recommendation not to recap needles was obtained by regression analysis. Of all the professionals in this study (n=79), the majority (83.5%) reported recapping needles at least once in the last month. Through regression analysis, it was observed that the relationship between the beliefs described by the model and the attitude whether or not to follow the recommendation not to recap needles was explained by a lower perception of psychological barriers and a greater perception of stimuli not to recap needles. The conclusion reached is that the acceptance of recommendations to prevent working accidents with biological material was explained by some dimensions of the Health Belief Model, enabling discussion about reformulation of training offered to professionals of the public health system.


Objetivou-se neste estudo aplicar o Modelo de Crenças em Saúde a fim de explicar a adesão à recomendação de não reencapar agulhas por cirurgiões-dentistas e auxiliares de saúde bucal da rede pública de um município paulista. Utilizou-se um questionário validado e adaptado para a área de saúde bucal, que contemplava variáveis relativas à frequência do reencape e crenças em saúde, por meio de escalas tipo Likert. A relação entre as crenças e a adesão à recomendação de não reencapar agulhas foi obtida por meio da análise de regressão. Da amostra de profissionais obtida por adesão ao estudo (n = 79), a maioria (83,5%) relatou ter reencapado agulhas pelo menos alguma vez no último mês. Por meio da análise de regressão, foi observado que a relação entre as crenças descritas pelo modelo e a atitude de aderir ou não à recomendação de não reencapar agulhas foi explicada por uma menor percepção de barreiras psicológicas e por uma maior percepção de estímulos para não reencapar agulhas. Conclui-se que a aceitação das recomendações para prevenir acidentes do trabalho com material biológico foi explicado por algumas dimensões do Modelo de Crenças em Saúde, possibilitando a discussão sobre a reformulação de capacitações oferecidas para profissionais do sistema público de saúde.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Electron Transport Complex I/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/enzymology , Hyperoxia/metabolism , Mitochondria/enzymology , Pulmonary Artery/cytology , Pulmonary Artery/enzymology , Ubiquinone/metabolism , Aerobiosis/drug effects , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Culture Media , Cell Survival/drug effects , Electron Transport Complex I/antagonists & inhibitors , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Ferricyanides/pharmacology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Mitochondria/drug effects , Mitochondria/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Oxygen Consumption/drug effects , Pulmonary Artery/drug effects , Spectrophotometry , Tolonium Chloride/pharmacology , Ubiquinone/analysis , Ubiquinone/pharmacology
3.
J. bras. nefrol ; 36(4): 482-489, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-731141

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hipertensão arterial tem alta prevalência em renais crônicos, sendo a hipervolemia um de seus fatores causais. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da redução da volemia no controle pressórico e em parâmetros ecocardiográficos de pacientes renais crônicos em diálise peritoneal contínua. Métodos: Doze renais crônicos sem sinais clínicos de hipervolemia foram submetidos à intensificação da diálise com o objetivo de reduzir o peso corporal em 5%. A volemia foi avaliada pela bioimpedância elétrica e pela ultrassonografia de veia cava inferior (VCI). Os voluntários foram submetidos à monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial e a exame ecocardiográfico no período basal e após 5 semanas de intervenção. Resultados: Após a intensificação da ultrafiltração, houve redução significativa do peso corporal, da água extracelular e do diâmetro inspiratório da VCI, enquanto o índice de colapsamento da VCI não alterou de modo significativo. A despeito da redução do número de anti-hipertensivos, a pressão sistólica do período de sono reduziu de 138,4 ± 18,6 para 126,7 ± 18,0 mmHg, o descenso pressórico do sono aumentou e o diâmetro sistólico final do ventrículo esquerdo reduziu significantemente. Conclusão: A redução da volemia de pacientes em diálise peritoneal, clinicamente euvolêmicos, se associou a melhor controle pressórico e à diminuição do diâmetro sistólico final do ventrículo esquerdo. .


Introduction: Hypertension is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease and hypervolemia is one of the principal causes. Objective: To evaluate the influence of the reduction of volemia on blood pressure as well as on echocardiographic parameters in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Methods: Twelve patients with no clinical evidence of hypervolemia were submitted to an increase in the rate of the dialysis with the purpose of reducing body weight by 5%. The volemia was evaluated by electrical bioimpedance and by ultrasound of the inferior cava vena (ICV). Blood pressure was measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography both at baseline and 5 weeks after the intervention period. Results: After the increase in the ultrafiltration, body weight, extracellular water and the inspiratory diameter of the ICV decreased significantly in parallel with a non-significant increase in the collapsing ICV index. Despite the reduction of anti-hypertensive drugs, systolic blood pressure during the sleep period decreased from 138.4 ± 18.6 to 126.7 ± 18.0 mmHg, the nocturnal blood pressure drop increased and the final systolic left ventricular diameter decreased significantly. Conclusion: Reduction of the volemia of patients on peritoneal dialysis, with no signs of hypervolemia, was associated with a better blood pressure control and with a decrease of the final systolic left ventricular diameter. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/chemistry , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/metabolism , Ubiquinone/metabolism , Binding Sites , Electron Transport Complex I , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Kinetics , Myocardium/enzymology , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/antagonists & inhibitors , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , Rotenone/pharmacology
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 489-493, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732253

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this ex vivo study was to determine, in "open" and "closed" systems, whether the design has an influence on the penetration length of sodium hypochlorite mixed with a radiopaque contrast medium, measured in millimeters, when delivered using positive pressure (PP) and using sonic (SI) or passive ultrasonic (PUI) activation. Sixty single-rooted teeth were divided into two groups: open and closed systems (n=30). Root canal shaping was performed to a working length of 17 mm. The samples were divided into three sub-groups (n=10) according to irrigant delivery and activation: PP, and SI or PUI activation. By using radiographs, penetration length was measured, and vapor lock was assessed. For the closed group, the penetration distance means were: PP 15.715 (±0.898) mm, SI 16.299 (±0.738) mm and PUI 16.813 (±0.465) mm, with vapor lock occurring in 53.3% of the specimens. In the open group, penetration to 17 mm occurred in 97.6% of the samples, and no vapor lock occurred. Irrigant penetration and distribution evaluation using open and closed systems provide significantly different results. For closed systems, PUI is the most effective in delivering the irrigant to working length, followed by SI.


O objetivo deste estudo in vivo foi determinar, para os sistemas "abertos" e "fechados", se o design tem influência na penetração, em milímetros, do hipoclorito de sódio misturado com um meio radiopaco quando empregado na ativação com pressão positiva (PP) e ativação sônica (SI) ou ultrassônica passiva (PUI). Sessenta dentes unirradiculares foram divididos em dois grupos: sistema aberto e sistema fechado (n=30). Os canais radiculares foram trabalhados até um comprimento de trabalho de 17 mm. Os grupos foram subdivididos em três subgrupos (n=10) de acordo com a solução irrigadora e a ativação: PP, e ativação SI ou PUI. Usando radiografias, a distância de penetração foi medida e avaliado o vapor contido. Para o grupo fechado, as distâncias médias de penetração foram PP 15,715 (±0,898) mm, SI 16,299 (±0,738) mm e PUI 16,813 (±0,465) mm e houve vapor contido em 53,3% das amostras. No grupo aberto, houve penetração de 17 mm em 97.6% das amostras, sem contenção de vapor. A penetração do irrigante e avaliação da distribuição usando sistemas aberto e fechado produziram resultados significativamente diferentes. Para os sistemas fechados, PUI é mais eficaz para levar o irrigante até preencher o comprimento de trabalho, seguido por SI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ubiquinone/metabolism , /analogs & derivatives , /chemical synthesis , Diffusion , Electron Transport , Fluorescent Dyes , Liposomes , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mitochondria, Liver/metabolism , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Ubiquinone/analogs & derivatives , Ubiquinone/biosynthesis , Ubiquinone/chemical synthesis
5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 67(5): 810-817, Sep-Oct/2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-731211

ABSTRACT

Estudo qualitativo e descritivo, cujo objetivo foi identificar e analisar as representações sociais de educação em saúde à pessoa vivendo com HIV entre profissionais de saúde. Os cenários foram três serviços de atenção à DST/HIV/AIDS, em Belém-PA, Brasil, e 37 profissionais de saúde participaram da pesquisa. A coleta de dados deu-se em 2012-2013 por meio de entrevista em profundidade; a análise utilizou o software Alceste 4.10. Com base no conjunto dos resultados foi possível vislumbrar que a educação em saúde pode ser compreendida a partir de categorias: a configuração do agir educativo; as condições sine qua non: educação no trabalho e estrutura da unidade; o processo pedagógico. Conclui-se que as representações sociais configuram-se como orientação-informação para precaução-prevenção e revelam-se no movimento do agir persistente ao emergente, o que suscita uma educação em saúde permanente para se chegar à integralidade nos serviços.


This is a qualitative and descriptive study, which aimed at identifying and analyzing social representations of health education to HIV patients among health professionals. The setting included three healthcare DST/HIV/AIDS services in Belém-PA, Brazil, and 37 health professionals participated in the study. Data collection was conducted in 2012-2013 on the basis of in-depth interviews and analysis was made on Alceste 4.0 software. Final results indicated that health education can be comprehended in light of categories: educational action; sine qua non: education and training at work, and unit structure; teaching-learning process. Conclusions show that social representations are set as guidance-information for precaution-prevention and that they come forth along continuous and emerging action flow, bringing about permanent health education to ensure healthcare services in full.


Estudio cualitativo y descriptivo, que objetivó identificar y analizar las representaciones sociales de educación en salud a la persona viviendo con HIV entre profesionales de salud. Los escenarios fueron tres servicios de atendimiento al DST/HIV/ SIDA, en Belém-PA, Brasil, y 37 profesionales de salud participaran del estudio. La colecta de datos se dio en 2012-2013, por medio de entrevista en profundidad y el análisis utilizo el software Alceste 4.10. Con base en el conjunto de los resultados fue posible vislumbrar que la educación en salud puede ser comprendida a partir de categorías: la configuración del acto educativo; las condiciones sine qua non: educación en el trabajo y estructura de la unidad; el proceso pedagógico. Se concluye que las representaciones sociales se configuran como orientación-información para precaución-prevención y se revelan en el movimiento del acto persistente al emergente, lo que suscita una educación en salud permanente para llegarse a la integralidad en los servicios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Arteriosclerosis/drug therapy , Probucol/administration & dosage , Ubiquinone/administration & dosage , Ubiquinone/analogs & derivatives , alpha-Tocopherol/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/pharmacokinetics , Aorta/metabolism , Aorta/pathology , Arteriosclerosis/metabolism , Arteriosclerosis/pathology , Coenzymes , Disease Models, Animal , Lipids/blood , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Probucol/pharmacokinetics , Ubiquinone/metabolism , Ubiquinone/pharmacokinetics , Vitamin E/metabolism , alpha-Tocopherol/pharmacokinetics
6.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 45(4): 607-618, Oct.-Dec. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-543681

ABSTRACT

According to clinical and pre-clinical studies, oxidative stress and its consequences may be the cause or, at least, a contributing factor, to a large number of neurodegenerative diseases. These diseases include common and debilitating disorders, characterized by progressive and irreversible loss of neurons in specific regions of the brain. The most common neurodegenerative diseases are Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been extensively studied since its discovery in 1957. It is a component of the electron transportation chain and participates in aerobic cellular respiration, generating energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The property of CoQ10 to act as an antioxidant or a pro-oxidant, suggests that it also plays an important role in the modulation of redox cellular status under physiological and pathological conditions, also performing a role in the ageing process. In several animal models of neurodegenerative diseases, CoQ10 has shown beneficial effects in reducing disease progression. However, further studies are needed to assess the outcome and effectiveness of CoQ10 before exposing patients to unnecessary health risks at significant costs.


De acordo com estudos clínicos e pré-clínicos, o estresse oxidativo e suas conseqüências podem ser a causa, ou, no mínimo, o fator que contribui para grande número de doenças degenerativas. Estas doenças incluem problemas comuns e debilitantes, caracterizados por perda progressiva e irreversível de neurônios em regiões específicas do cérebro. As doenças degenerativas mais comuns são doença de Parkinson, de Hutington, de Alzheimer e esclerose amiotrófica lateral. A Coenzima Q10 (CoQ10) tem sido intensamente estudada desde sua descoberta, em 1957. É um componente da cadeia de transporte eletrônico e participa da respiração aeróbica celular, gerando energia na forma de trifosfato de adenosina (ATP). A propriedade da CoQ10 de atuar como antioxidante ou pró-oxidante sugere papel importante na modulação do estado redox celular sob condições fisiológicas e patológicas, desempenhando, também, papel no processo de envelhecimento. Em vários modelos animais de doenças neurodegenerativas, a CoQ10 mostrou efeitos benéficos na redução do curso da doença. Entretanto, há necessidade de estudos adicionais para avaliar o efeito e a eficácia da CoQ10 antes de expor os pacientes a riscos de saúde desnecessários e de alto custo.


Subject(s)
Neurodegenerative Diseases/drug therapy , Therapeutics , Ubiquinone/metabolism , Antioxidants , Oxidative Stress
7.
Neurol India ; 2002 Sep; 50(3): 340-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-121359

ABSTRACT

A family with coexistence of hypotension, recurrent respiratory infection, motor tics, obsessive compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder, early onset osteoporosis, low body mass index, bulimia nervosa and healthy aging with longevity is described. The family members had hyposexual behavior, less tendency for spirituality, had no insomnia but a tendency towards increased somnolence, no addictive behaviour, had more bonding and affectionate behavior and were less creative with an average IQ. There was no vascular thrombosis, systemic neoplasm and neuronal degeneration in the index family. All members of the family were left hemispheric dominant. The level of serum digoxin, HMG CoA reductase activity and dolichol was found to be decreased in all with a corresponding increase in RBC Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activity and serum ubiquinone magnesium level. There was increase in tyrosine catabolites and a reduction in tryptophan catabolites in serum. Total and individual glycosaminoglycan fractions, carbohydrate residues of glycoproteins, glycolipids, activity of GAG degrading enzymes and glycohydrolases were decreased in serum. The concentration of RBC membrane total GAG and carbohydrate residues of glycoproteins increased while cholesterol : phospholipid ratio of membrane decreased. The activity of free radical scavenging enzymes were increased while the concentration of free radicals decreased significantly. The same biochemical patterns were observed in left hemispheric dominance as opposed to right hemispheric dominance. The significance of these findings in the pathogenesis of these disorders is discussed.


Subject(s)
Cardenolides , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Digoxin/blood , Dolichols/metabolism , Dominance, Cerebral , Family Health , Female , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases/metabolism , Male , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/genetics , Pedigree , Saponins/blood , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism , Ubiquinone/metabolism
8.
Indian Heart J ; 2001 Mar-Apr; 53(2): 184-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-2816

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The isoprenoid pathway was assessed and compared in patients of lone atrial fibrillation with embolic stroke as well as in patients with right hemispheric, left hemispheric and bihemispheric dominance to determine the role of hemispheric dominance in its pathogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The activities of hydroxyl methyl glutaryl-CoA reductase and RBC sodium-potasium ATPase as well as serum levels of plasma magnesium, digoxin, dolichol and ubiquinone were measured. The tyrosine/tryptophan catabolic patterns, glycoconjugate metabolism, free radical metabolism and RBC membrane composition were also assessed. In patients with lone atrial fibrillation with embolic stroke, there was elevated digoxin synthesis, increased dolichol and glycoconjugate levels, and low ubiquinone and elevated free radical levels. There was also an increase in tryptophan catabolites and a reduction in tyrosine catabolites: and an increase in the cholesterol: phospholipid ratio with a reduction in the glycoconjugate levels of the RBC membrane. The same biochemical patterns were obtained in individuals with right hemispheric dominance whereas the patterns were reversed in patients with left hemispheric dominance. CONCLUSIONS: Lone atrial fibrillation with embolic stroke is associated with an upregulated isoprenoid pathway and elevated digoxin secretion from the hypothalamus. This occurs in right hemisphere-dominant individuals.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Digoxin/metabolism , Dolichols/metabolism , Female , Functional Laterality , Humans , Intracranial Embolism/complications , Magnesium/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Monosaccharides/metabolism , Prognosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism , Ubiquinone/metabolism
9.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2000 May; 38(5): 438-46
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-58451

ABSTRACT

Two substances which are products of the isoprenoid pathway, can participate in lipid peroxidation. One is digoxin, which by inhibiting membrane Na(+)-K+ ATPase, causes increase in intracellular Ca2+ and depletion of intracellular Mg2+, both effects contributing to increase in lipid peroxidation. Ubiquinone, another products of the pathway is a powerful membrane antioxidant and its deficiency can also result in defective electron transport and generation of reactive oxygen species. In view of this and also in the light of some preliminary reports on alteration in lipid peroxidation in neuropsychiatric disorders, a study was undertaken on the following aspects in some of these disorders (primary generalised epilepsy, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and CNS glioma)--1) concentration of digoxin, ubiquinone, activity of HMG CoA reductase and RBC membrane Na(+)-K+ ATPase 2) activity of enzymes involved in free radical scavenging 3) parameters of lipid peroxidation and 4) antioxidant status. The result obtained indicates an increase in the concentration of digoxin and activity of HMG CoA reductase, decrease in ubiquinone levels and in the activity of membrane Na(+)-K+ ATPase. There is increased lipid peroxidation as evidenced from the increase in the concentration of MDA, conjugated dienes, hydroperoxides and NO with decreased antioxidant protection as indicated by decrease in ubiquinone, vit E and reduced glutathione in schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease and CNS glioma. The activity of enzymes involved in free radical scavenging like SOD, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase is decreased in the above diseases. However, there is no evidence of any increase in lipid peroxidation in epilepsy or MS. The role of increased operation of the isoprenoid pathway as evidenced by alteration in the concentration of digoxin and ubiquinone in the generation of free radicals and protection against them in these disorders is discussed.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Neoplasms/metabolism , Digoxin/metabolism , Epilepsy, Generalized/metabolism , Free Radicals/metabolism , Glioma/metabolism , Humans , Lipid Peroxidation , Multiple Sclerosis/metabolism , Nervous System Diseases/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/metabolism , Schizophrenia/metabolism , Ubiquinone/metabolism
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