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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 261-266, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348276

ABSTRACT

Iron accumulation in the brain is associated with the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Misexpression of some iron transport and storage proteins is related to iron dyshomeostasis. Iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) including IRP1 and IRP2 are cytosolic proteins that play important roles in maintaining cellular iron homeostasis. F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 5 (FBXL5) is involved in the regulation of iron metabolism by degrading IRP2 through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Nitric oxide (NO) enhances the binding activity of IRP1, but its effect on IRP2 is ambiguous. Therefore, in the present study, we aim to determine whether sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO donor, regulates FBXL5 and IRP2 expression in cultured SH-SY5Y cells. MTT assay revealed that treatment of SNP attenuated the cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Flow cytometry test showed that 100 and 300 μmol/L SNP administration significantly reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential by 45% and 60%, respectively. Moreover, Western blotting analysis demonstrated that 300 μmol/L SNP significantly increased FBXL5 expression by about 39%, whereas the expression of IRP2 was decreased by 46%, correspondingly. These findings provide evidence that SNP could induce mitochondrial dysfunction, enhance FBXL5 expression and decrease IRP2 expression in SH-SY5Y cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Survival , F-Box Proteins , Metabolism , Homeostasis , Humans , Iron Regulatory Protein 2 , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitroprusside , Pharmacology , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Ubiquitin , Metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes , Metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 440-448, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295851

ABSTRACT

A recently identified protein, FAN1 (FANCD2-associated nuclease 1, previously known as KIAA1018), is a novel nuclease associated with monoubiquitinated FANCD2 that is required for cellular resistance against DNA interstrand crosslinking (ICL) agents. The mechanisms of FAN1 regulation have not yet been explored. Here, we provide evidence that FAN1 is degraded during mitotic exit, suggesting that FAN1 may be a mitotic substrate of the anaphase-promoting cyclosome complex (APC/C). Indeed, Cdh1, but not Cdc20, was capable of regulating the protein level of FAN1 through the KEN box and the D-box. Moreover, the up- and down-regulation of FAN1 affected the progression to mitotic exit. Collectively, these data suggest that FAN1 may be a new mitotic substrate of APC/CCdh1 that plays a key role during mitotic exit.


Subject(s)
Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome , Bone Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Cadherins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cdc20 Proteins , Cell Cycle Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Exodeoxyribonucleases , Genetics , Metabolism , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mitosis , Osteosarcoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes , Genetics , Metabolism
3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 699-703, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757049

ABSTRACT

CUE domain-containing 2 (CUEDC2) is a protein involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, inflammation, and tumorigenesis and is highly expressed in many types of tumors. CUEDC2 is phosphorylated by Cdk1 during mitosis and promotes the release of anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C) from checkpoint inhibition. CUEDC2 is also known to interact with IkB kinase α (IKKα) and IKKβ and has an inhibitory role in the activation of transcription factor nuclear factor-κB. Moreover, CUEDC2 plays an important role in downregulating the expression of hormone receptors estrogen receptor-α and progesterone receptor, thereby impairing the responsiveness of breast cancer to endocrine therapies. In this review, current knowledge on the multi-functions of CUEDC2 in normal processes and tumorigenesis are discussed and summarized.


Subject(s)
Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Carrier Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Pathology , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , Female , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , Inflammation , Pathology , M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Mitosis , NF-kappa B p50 Subunit , Metabolism , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70207

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Previously, we found that oocyte specific homeobox (Obox) 4 plays significant role in completion of meiosis specifically at meiosis I-meiosis II (MI-MII) transition. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of action of Obox4 in oocyte maturation by evaluating downstream signal networking. METHODS: The Obox4 dsRNA was prepared by in vitro transcription and microinjected into the cytoplasm of germinal vesicle oocytes followed by in vitro maturation in the presence or absence of 0.2 mM 3-isobutyl-1-metyl-xanthine. Total RNA was extracted from 200 oocytes of each group using a PicoPure RNA isolation kit then amplified two-rounds. The probe hybridization and data analysis were used by Affymetrix GeneChip(R) Mouse Genome 430 2.0 array and GenPlex 3.0 (ISTECH, Korea) software, respectively. RESULTS: Total 424 genes were up (n=80) and down (n=344) regulated after Obox4 RNA interference (RNAi). Genes mainly related to metabolic pathways and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway was changed. Among the protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms, PKC-alpha, beta, gamma were down-regulated and especially the MAPK signaling pathway PKC-gamma was dramatically decreased by Obox4 RNAi. In the cell cycle pathway, we evaluated the expression of genes involved in regulation of chromosome separation, and found that these genes were down-regulated. It may cause the aberrant chromosome segregation during MI-MII transition. CONCLUSION: From the results of this study, it is concluded that Obox4 is important upstream regulator of the PKC and anaphase-promoting complex action for maintaining intact germinal vesicle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Chimera , Chromosome Segregation , Cytoplasm , Gene Expression , Genes, Homeobox , Genome , Meiosis , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Mice , Microarray Analysis , Oocytes , Protein Isoforms , Protein Kinase C , Protein Kinases , RNA , RNA Interference , Statistics as Topic , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(6): 539-543, June 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-485848

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is the forth most frequent malignancy and the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide. DNA methylation is the most studied epigenetic alteration, occurring through a methyl radical addition to the cytosine base adjacent to guanine. Many tumor genes are inactivated by DNA methylation in gastric cancer. We evaluated the DNA methylation status of ANAPC1, CDKN2A and TP53 by methylation-specific PCR in 20 diffuse- and 26 intestinal-type gastric cancer samples and 20 normal gastric mucosa in individuals from Northern Brazil. All gastric cancer samples were advanced stage adenocarcinomas. Gastric samples were surgically obtained at the João de Barros Barreto University Hospital, State of Pará, and were stored at -80°C before DNA extraction. Patients had never been submitted to chemotherapy or radiotherapy, nor did they have any other diagnosed cancer. None of the gastric cancer samples presented methylated DNA sequences for ANAPC1 and TP53. CDKN2A methylation was not detected in any normal gastric mucosa; however, the CDKN2A promoter was methylated in 30.4 percent of gastric cancer samples, with 35 percent methylation in diffuse-type and 26.9 percent in intestinal-type cancers. CDKN2A methylation was associated with the carcinogenesis process for ~30 percent diffuse-type and intestinal-type compared to non-neoplastic samples. Thus, ANAPC1 and TP53 methylation was probably not implicated in gastric carcinogenesis in our samples. CDKN2A can be implicated in the carcinogenesis process of only a subset of gastric neoplasias.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 151-156, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259132

ABSTRACT

Ubiquitin is highly conserved 76 amino acid protein found in all eukaryotic organisms and ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) plays a very important role in regulated non-lysosomal ATP dependent protein degradation. This pathway participates in or regulates numerous cellular processes, such as selective protein degradation, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, receptor control by endocytosis, immune response and the processing of antigens. Nevertheless, roles of UPP in virus infection are only beginning to be clarified. Ubiquitin homology has also been found in insect viruses. All viral ubiquitin genes encode an N-terminal ubiquitin sequence and 3-256 amino acids C-terminal peptides. Most of the residues known to be essential for ubiquitin function have been conserved in the viral variant. In Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), viral ubiquitin is attached to the inner surface of budded viron membrane by a covalently linked phospholipid and is not essential for viral replication. Currently, insect viruses are the only viruses known to encode ubiquitin. However, ubiquitin also plays a role in the life cycle of other viruses. Host ubiquitin molecules have been found in some plant viruses and other animal viruses. Additionally, Africa swine fever virus (ASFV) encodes a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) and a putative causal link between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and ubiquitin was established by showing that depletion of the intracellular pool of free ubiquitin inhibits the virus budding. Further analyses indicated that many retroviruses proteins which are required for efficient pinching off the virus bud contain a late domain. The core element of the late domain is a proline-rich motif (PPXY) which mediates the late domain to be ubiquitinated by cellular proteins. Recently, it has been shown that many retroviruses have developed mechanisms to escape the cellular immune response, to facilitate virus replication and to promote virus assembly and budding via host UPP.


Subject(s)
African Swine Fever Virus , Metabolism , Virulence , Animals , Humans , Insect Viruses , Metabolism , Virulence , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Metabolism , Retroviridae , Metabolism , Virulence , Ubiquitin , Metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes , Metabolism , Virus Diseases , Virology , Viruses , Virulence
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