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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(2): 148-151, mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839142

ABSTRACT

Chromosomal instability, leading to aneuploidy, is one of the hallmarks of human cancers. USP44 (ubiquitin specific peptidase 44) is an important molecule that plays a regulatory role in the mitotic checkpoint and USP44 loss causes chromosome mis-segregation, aneuploidy and tumorigenesis in vivo. In this study, it was investigated the immunoexpression of USP44 in 28 malignant salivary gland neoplasms and associated the results with DNA ploidy status assessed by image cytometry. USP44 protein was widely expressed in most of the tumor samples and no clear association could be established between its expression and DNA ploidy status or tumor size. On this basis, it may be concluded that the aneuploidy of the salivary gland cancers included in this study was not driven by loss of USP44 protein expression.


Resumo Instabilidade cromossômica acarretando aneuploidia é um dos fatores marcantes de neoplasias malignas humanas. USP44 (peptidase específica de ubiquitina 44) é uma importante molécula que exerce um papel regulador no ciclo celular e sua perda pode acarretar em segregação cromossômica deficiente, aneuploidia e desenvolvimento de tumores in vivo. Neste estudo, investigou-se a expressão imuno-histoquímica da proteína USP44 em 28 neoplasias malignas de glândulas salivares, associando-se os resultados com o estado de ploidia do DNA avaliado por citometria de fluxo. A proteína USP44 apresentou ampla expressão na maioria das amostras avaliadas e não foi observada associação entre a expressão protéica e o estado de ploidia do DNA ou extensão do tumor. Baseando-se nos resultados, concluiu-se que a aneuploidia das neoplasias malignas de glândulas de salivares incluídas neste estudo não foi influenciada pela perda de expressão da proteína USP44.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Aneuploidy , DNA/genetics , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/genetics , Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases/metabolism
2.
Biol. Res ; 50: 15, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838968

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ubiquitin specific peptidase 39 (USP39), an essential factor in the assembly of the mature spliceosome complex, has an aberrant expression in several cancer. However, its function and the corresponding mechanism on human osteosarcoma has not been fully explored yet. METHODS: The mRNA and DNA copies of USP39 were increased in osteosarcoma cancer tissues compared with the one in human normal tissues according to datasets from the publicly available Oncomine database. A further western blot analysis also demonstrated an aberrant endogenous expression of USP39 in three different osteosarcoma cells. Then lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was designed to silence USP39 in human osteosarcoma cell line U2OS, which is used to test the impact of USP39-silencing on cellular proliferation, colony formation, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. RESULTS: Knockdown of USP39 expression in U2OS cell significantly decreased cell proliferation, impaired colony formation ability. A further analysis indicated suppression of USP39 arrested cell cycle progression at G2/M phase via p21 dependent way. In addition, the results of Annexin V/7-AAD staining suggested the knockdown of USP39 could promote U2OS cell apoptosis through PARP cleavage. CONCLUSIONS: These results uncover the critical role of USP39 in regulating cancer cell mitosis and indicate USP39 is critical for osteosarcoma tumorigenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteosarcoma/enzymology , Osteosarcoma/pathology , Apoptosis , Gene Knockdown Techniques/methods , Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases/metabolism , Tumor Stem Cell Assay , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lentivirus , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases/genetics , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Vectors
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