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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556244

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del martillo hipotenar es la trombosis de la arteria cubital en el canal de Guyon causada por traumatismos repetitivos. Se trata de un cuadro infrecuente que se diagnostica mediante la detallada valoración de los antecedentes y el examen físico, y se confirma con estudios vasculares. El manejo incluye desde tratamiento médico hasta cirugía reconstructiva. El objetivo de este artículo es brindar una breve reseña de esta enfermedad y presentar el caso de un paciente de 45 años, con parestesias y signos de hipoperfusión de los dedos 4.° y 5.° luego de múltiples traumatismos en la eminencia hipotenar. En la prueba de Allen, se detectó ausencia de vascularización de la arteria cubital, y la trombosis se confirmó mediante ecografía Doppler y angiotomografía. Se resecó el fragmento trombosado y se liberó el canal de Guyon. La evolución fue satisfactoria, no se observaron signos de isquemia y las parestesias mejoraron. Se realizó un seguimiento por 1 año. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a thrombosis of the ulnar artery in Guyon's canal induced by repeated trauma. It is a rare disorder that can be diagnosed with an extensive medical history and physical examination, and confirmed by vascular studies. Management options include medical treatment and reconstructive surgery. The aim of this article is to provide a brief overview of this disorder and to discuss the case of a 45-year-old patient who developed paresthesias and signs of hypoperfusion of the fourth and fifth fingers following multiple injuries to the hypothenar eminence. The Allen test revealed the absence of vascularization in the ulnar artery, and thrombosis was verified by Doppler ultrasound and angiotomography. The thrombosed portion was excised, and Guyon's canal was cleared. The evolution was satisfactory; no signs of ischemia were found, and paresthesias improved. Follow-up was performed for 1 year. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Thrombosis , Cumulative Trauma Disorders , Ulnar Artery , Hand Injuries
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 548-554, abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440318

ABSTRACT

Los avances en el área de la salud, con el desarrollo de nuevos procedimientos diagnósticos y quirúrgicos, requieren un conocimiento cada vez más preciso de la anatomía humana. La difusión de la disposición variable de la anatomía resulta primordial no sólo en el campo de la especialización o el postgrado, sino por sobre todo, en el pregrado, desde donde se formarán los especialistas que luego desarrollarán esas nuevas prácticas clínicas y quirúrgicas que requerirán una sólida formación anatómica. Es por esto que la aplicación correcta de técnicas anatómicas en las muestras anatómicas es fundamental para que esta enseñanza en el pregrado pueda desarrollarse de manera eficiente, teniendo la plastinación un rol fundamental en este sentido. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en dar a conocer el hallazgo de variaciones anatómicas arteriales en los miembros superiores de una muestra humana sometida al proceso de plastinación para fomentar, por un lado, la importancia del conocimiento anatómico en el pregrado, el postgrado y las especialidades, como así también la relevancia de la preservación a largo plazo de material biológico para la difusión continua de la anatomía.


SUMMARY: Advances in the area of health with the development of new diagnostic and surgical procedures require an increasingly precise knowledge of human anatomy. The diffusion of the variable arrangement of anatomy is essential not only in the field of specialization or postgraduate, but above all, in the undergraduate, from where the specialists will be trained who will later develop these new clinical and surgical practices that will require a solid anatomical background. This is why the correct application of anatomical techniques in anatomical samples is essential for this undergraduate teaching to be developed efficiently, plastination having a fundamental role in this regard. The aim of this work was to report the discovery of anatomical variations in the upper limbs of a human sample subjected to the plastination process to promote, on one hand, the importance of anatomical knowledge in undergraduate, postgraduate and specialties, as well as the relevance of long- term preservation of biological material for the continued dissemination of anatomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Radial Artery/anatomy & histology , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Anatomic Variation , Plastination
3.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536232

ABSTRACT

We describe the case of an 82-year-old man who had recently undergone cardiac surgery (quadruple coronary bypass), who consulted due to the appearance of a necrotic eschar on the thumb of the right index finger, together with paraesthesia and hypoaesthesia in the first 3 fingers of the same hand. An ultrasound scan of the right elbow was performed to rule out involvement of the median nerve and an anechoic, thick-walled mass was found, dependent on the wall of the proximal ulnar artery, compatible with a pseudoaneurysm of the same, compressing the nerve. Electromyography showed an acute lesion of the proximal median nerve and angio-CT confirmed the diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm of the proximal ulnar artery. Pseudoaneurysm is a dilatation by rupture of the arterial wall, which does not involve all three layers of the arterial wall and communicates with the vascular lumen. Its development after vascular manipulation is very rare, and it is uncommon for it to act by compressing a nerve structure. In our case, together with vascular surgery, treatment with intralesional thrombin was decided, with good evolution.


Se describe el caso de un varón de 82 arios intervenido recientemente de cirugía cardíaca (cuádruple bypass coronario), que consulta por aparición de una escara necrótica en el pulpejo del dedo índice derecho, junto a parestesias e hipoestesias en los tres primeros dedos de dicha mano. Se realiza una ecografía del codo derecho para descartar afectación del nervio mediano y se objetiva una masa anecoica, de paredes engrosadas, dependientes de la pared de la arteria cubital proximal, compatible con pseudoaneurisma de esta, que comprime dicho nervio. En la electromiografía se evidencia una lesión aguda del nervio mediano a nivel proximal y en el angio-TC se confirma el diagnóstico de pseudoaneurisma de la arteria cubital proximal. El pseudoaneurisma es una dilatación por rotura de la pared arterial, que no implica a las tres capas de esta y se comunica con la luz vascular. Su desarrollo tras una manipulación vascular es muy infrecuente y que actúe comprimiendo una estructura nerviosa es poco común. En nuestro caso, conjuntamente con cirugía vascular se decidió tratamiento con trombina intralesional, con buena evolución.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiovascular System , Arteries , Vascular Diseases , Blood Vessels , Cardiovascular Diseases , Ulnar Artery , Aneurysm, False , Peripheral Nervous System , Median Nerve , Nervous System
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 719-723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of the stageⅠrepair of full-thickness skin defect at dorsal skin of middle phalanx fingers using artificial dermis combing with digital artery perforator fascial flaps.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to May 2020, 21 patients(27 middle phalanx fingers)with full-thickness skin defect were repaired at stageⅠusing artificial dermis combing with digital artery perforator fascial flaps. All patients were emergency cases, and were accompanied by the exposure of bone tendon and the defects of periosteum and tendon membrane. Among patients, including 11 males and 10 females aged from 18 to 66 years old with an average age of (39.00±8.01) years old;9 index fingers, 10 middle fingers and 8 ring fingers;range of skin defect area ranged from (2.5 to 3.5) cm×(1.5 to 3.0) cm;range of exposed bone tendon area was (1.5 to 2.0) cm×(1.0 to 2.0) cm. The time from admission to hospital ranged from 1 to 6 h, operation time started from 3 to 8 h after injury.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 6 to12 months with an average of (9.66±1.05) months. The wounds in 26 cases were completely healed at 4 to 6 weeks after operation. One finger has changed into wound infection with incompletely epithelialized dermis, and achieved wound healing at 8 weeks after dressing change. All fingers were plump with less scars. The healed wound surface was similar to the color and texture of the surrounding skin. These fingers have excellent wearability and flexibility. According to the upper limb function trial evaluation standard of Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, the total score ranged from 72 to 100. 26 fingers got excellent result and 1 good.@*CONCLUSION@#StageⅠrepair of full-thickness skin defect at dorsal skin of middle phalanx fingers using artificial dermis combing with digital artery perforator fascial flaps is easy to operate with less trauma. It has made satisfactory recovery of appearance and function of fingers. It could provide an effective surgical method for clinical treatment of full-thickness skin loss of fingers with tendon and bone exposure.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Aged , Fingers , Skin , Perforator Flap , Ulnar Artery , Dermis
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 714-718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of repairing skin and soft tissue defect of finger with free posterior interosseous artery perforator flap.@*METHODS@#Totally 8 patients with finger skin and soft tissue defect repaired with free posterior interosseous artery perforator flap were treated from May 2021 to November 2022, including 7 males and 1 female aged from 24 to 54 years old, and soft tissue defect area ranged from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 5.0 cm×3.0 cm. The time from injury to flap repair ranged from 3 to 83 h. The free posterior interosseous artery perforator flap was applied to repair finger defect, the area of the flap ranged from 3.5 cm×2.0 cm to 5.2 cm×3.5 cm, the donor area of flap was sutured directly. The survival, appearance, texture and donor complications of the flap were observed after operation, and Dargan functional standard was used to evaluate clinical effect of finger function.@*RESULTS@#All flap of 8 patients were survived, and followed up from 3 to 12 months. There was no obvious swelling, soft texture, obvious pigmentation, linear intaglio in donor area only, and without obvious complications were found. Among them, 3 patients'skin flaps were repaired for the defect of palm of the fingers, and sensory recovery was good, two-point discrimination ranged from 5 to 9 mm. According to Dargan functional evaluation, 3 patients excellent, and 5 good.@*CONCLUSION@#Free posterior interosseous artery perforation branch flap could be used to repair the defect of finger. The thickness of flap is moderate, operation is convenient, appearance and texture of the operative flap are good, and the donor site is small without obvious complications, and obtain satisfactory clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Fingers , Upper Extremity , Ulnar Artery , Skin
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1138-1141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of dorsal perforator flap of cross-finger proper digital artery in the treatment of finger soft tissue defect caused by high-pressure injection injury.@*METHODS@#Between July 2011 and June 2020, 14 cases of finger soft tissue defect caused by high-pressure injection injury were repaired with dorsal perforator flap of cross-finger proper digital artery. All patients were male, with a mean age of 36 years (range, 22-56 years). The defects were located on the index finger in 8 cases, middle finger in 4 cases, and ring finger in 2 cases. The causes of injury include 8 cases of emulsion paint injection, 4 cases of oil paint injection, and 2 cases of cement injection. The time from injury to debridement was 2-8 hours, with a mean time of 4.5 hours. The soft tissue defects sized from 4.0 cm×1.2 cm to 6.0 cm×2.0 cm. The flaps sized from 4.5 cm×1.5 cm to 6.5 cm×2.5 cm. The donor site of the flap was repaired with skin graft. The pedicle was cut off at 3 weeks after operation, and followed by functional exercise.@*RESULTS@#All flaps and skin grafts at donor sites survived, and the wounds healed by first intention. Twelve patients were followed-up 16-38 months (mean, 22.6 months). The texture and appearance of all flaps were satisfactory. The color and texture of the flaps were similar to those of the surrounding tissues. The two-point discrimination of the flap was 10-12 mm, with a mean of 11.5 mm. There were different degrees of cold intolerance at the end of the affected fingers. At last follow-up, the finger function was evaluated according to the Upper Extremity Functional Evaluation Standard set up by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, 3 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good, and 1 case was poor.@*CONCLUSION@#The dorsal perforator flap of cross-finger proper digital artery can effectively repair finger soft tissue defect caused by high-pressure injection injury. The operation was simple, and the appearance and function of the finger recover well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Perforator Flap , Upper Extremity , Fingers/surgery , Ulnar Artery , Skin Transplantation
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 564-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore a surgical method for the reconstruction of volar soft tissue defect and sensory and vascular repair in middle and far phalangeal digits.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2020, a total of 14 patients , 9 males and 5 females, ages ranging from 22 to 69 years old, and with volar soft tissue defects in the middle and distal digits 2 to 4, underwent surgical reconstruction using the V-Y shaped flap with digital artery and nerve at the metacarpophalangeal joint. The defect area was (2.0~2.5) cm×(1.5 ~2.0) cm. The procedure involved the harvest of a V-Y shaped flap with the digital artery and nerve from the metacarpophalangeal joint. Flap design, dissection of blood vessels and nerves, and anastomosis with the digital artery and nerve were performed according to a standardized protocol., Functional exercise of affected finger was initiated 3 weeks postoperatively. Subsequent assessments were conducted to evaluate finger pulp sensation, shape and other relevant parameters. According to the upper extremity functional evaluation standard set up by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, the surgical outcomes were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#All 14 cases demonstrated successful tissue transplantation, , with immediate recovery of sensation observed in 10 cases with distal finger pulp defects. Four patients with middle phalangeal defects experienced gradual sensory recovery within 2 to 3 months postoperatively. Thirteen patients were followed up for a mean duration of (8.8 ± 4.49) months, during which satisfactory outcomes were observed. The average two-point resolution of the finger pulp was 4-6mm, and sensory function evaluation yielded a score of S3 or above. Patients exhibited realistic finger shape, normal skin color and temperature, good wear resistance, and cold resistance. Furthermore, finger joint function was essentially normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The V-Y shaped flap with digital artery and nerve at the metacarpophalangeal joint offers a suitable solution for repairing the defect of the middle or distal phalangeal finger. This technique is characterized by its simplicity, low risk, and favorable outcomes, including restored finger shape, blood supply and sensation. Moreover, high patient satisfaction was achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Finger Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Fingers/surgery , Ulnar Artery/surgery , Metacarpophalangeal Joint/surgery
8.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(2): 70-75, dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428534

ABSTRACT

SPeripheral sympathectomy is a procedure which has shown high rates of decreasing ischemic pain, recover functionality and wound healing, preventing the progression of the disease and further complications. We present a female patient with severe Raynaud´s phenomenon secondary to localized cutaneous systemic sclerosis complicated who presented digital ulcer treated with a sympathectomy of the radial and ulnar artery at the wrist level, undergoing post-operative follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Raynaud Disease/surgery , Sympathectomy/methods , Ulnar Artery/innervation , Osteomyelitis , Raynaud Disease/etiology , Regional Blood Flow/physiology , Scleroderma, Localized , Scleroderma, Systemic , Follow-Up Studies , Radial Artery/innervation
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 742-749, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385659

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Nos motivó esta presentación los hallazgos observados en la sala de disección sobre las relaciones de la rama palmar profunda de la arteria ulnar y el ramo profundo del nervio ulnar, las diferentes disposiciones de esta rama, el cruzamiento, cuando existe, entre ambos elementos y las pocas referencias sobre el tema, todo con miras a favorecer el abordaje profundo de la palma de la mano y contribuir al conocimiento del área en donde se practican las neurotomías del ramo profundo del nervio ulnar y/ o sus ramas.


SUMMARY: We are motivated by the findings observed in the dissection room on the relationship between the deep palmar branch of ulnar artery and the deep branch of ulnar nerve, the different dispositions of this branch, the crossing, when it exists, between both elements and the few references on the subject, all with a view to favoring the deep approach to the palm and contributing to the knowledge of the area where neurotomies of the deep branch of ulnar nerve and/or its branches are performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Hand/anatomy & histology , Hand/innervation , Hand/blood supply
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 455-461, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388017

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the rate of patency in the postoperative period of arterial injuries of the forearm secondary to penetrating trauma. The injuries were subjected to primary repair and examined with the Allen test and a handheld Doppler device, and the results were later confirmed with Doppler ultrasonography. Methods Eighteen patients were included, with a total of 19 arterial lesions, 14 ulnar lesions, and 5 radial lesions; one patient had lesions on both forearms. All patients underwent surgery and three clinical evaluations: the Allen test and assessment of arterial blood flow by a handheld Doppler device at 4 and 16 weeks after surgery and Doppler ultrasonography performed at 12 weeks after surgery. Results At the first clinical evaluation, 77% of the patients had patency based on the Allen test, and 72% had a pulsatile sound identified by the handheld Doppler device. In the second evaluation, 61% of the patients had patency based on the Allen test, and the rate of pulsatile sound by the handheld Doppler device was 72%, similar to that observed 2 months earlier. Based on the Doppler ultrasonography evaluation (~12 weeks after surgery), the success rate for arteriorrhaphy was 88%. Regarding the final patency (Doppler ultrasonography evaluation) and trauma mechanism, all patients with penetrating trauma had patent arteries. Conclusion We cde that clinical evaluation using a handheld Doppler device and the Allen test is reliable when a patent artery can be palpated. However, if a patent artery cannot be located during a clinical examination, ultrasonography may be required.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a taxa de perviedade pós-operatória de lesões arteriais do antebraço secundárias a traumatismo penetrante. As lesões foram submetidas a reparo primário e examinadas com o teste de Allen e um dispositivo Doppler portátil; posteriormente, os resultados foram confirmados à ultrassonografia com Doppler. Métodos Dezoito pacientes foram incluídos, com um total de 19 lesões arteriais, 14 lesões ulnares e 5 lesões radiais; um paciente tinha lesões em ambos os antebraços. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia e três avaliações clínicas: o teste de Allen e a avaliação do fluxo sanguíneo arterial com um dispositivo portátil de Doppler na 4ª e 16ª semanas após a cirurgia e ultrassonografia com Doppler 12 semanas após o procedimento. Resultados Na primeira avaliação clínica, 77% dos pacientes apresentavam perviedade segundo o teste de Allen e 72% apresentavam som pulsátil identificado pelo Doppler portátil. Na segunda avaliação, 61% dos pacientes apresentaram perviedade com base no teste de Allen e a taxa de som pulsátil ao Doppler portátil foi de 72%, semelhante à observada 2 meses antes. À ultrassonografia com Doppler (cerca de 12 semanas após a cirurgia), a taxa de sucesso da arteriorrafia foi de 88%. Em relação à perviedade final (avaliação por ultrassonografia com Doppler) e mecanismo de trauma, todos os pacientes com traumatismo penetrante apresentavam artérias pérvias. Conclusão Concluímos que a avaliação clínica com um dispositivo Doppler portátil e o teste de Allen é confiável caso a artéria pérvia possa ser palpada. No entanto, a ultrassonografia pode ser necessária em caso de impossibilidade de localização de uma artéria pérvia durante o exame clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Artery/injuries , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Forearm Injuries
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210081, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360565

ABSTRACT

Resumo O tamanduá-bandeira é um mamífero encontrado na América Central e na América do Sul. Esse animal possui garras que podem chegar a 6,5 cm de comprimento, utilizadas para escavar formigueiros e obter alimento, além de servir para sua defesa. Relatamos o caso de paciente masculino de 52 anos, com histórico de epilepsia, que foi levado desacordado ao pronto-socorro, devido a lesões no seu braço direito causadas por um tamanduá. Frente à suspeita de trauma vascular, o paciente foi submetido a exploração cirúrgica, que evidenciou uma lesão combinada de vasos braquiais, submetida a reparo. Apresentou boa evolução do quadro, recebendo alta hospitalar no segundo dia de pós-operatório e, no seguimento ambulatorial, evoluiu sem sequelas neurológicas ou vasculares.


Abstract The giant anteater is a mammal found in Central and South America. These animals have claws that can reach 6.5 centimeters in length, which they use to dig anthills to obtain food and for defense. We report the case of a 52-year-old male patient with a history of epilepsy who was taken unconscious to the emergency room due to injuries to his right arm caused by an anteater. He underwent surgical exploration to investigate suspected vascular trauma, revealing a combined (arterial and venous) injury of the brachial vessels, which were repaired. He recovered well and was discharged on the second postoperative day. During outpatient follow-up he continued to improve, with no neurological or vascular sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brachial Artery/injuries , Ulnar Artery/injuries , Radial Artery/injuries , Vascular System Injuries/surgery , Vermilingua , Embolectomy , Vascular System Injuries/drug therapy , Accidental Injuries , Hoof and Claw
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 487-491, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356960

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los pseudoaneurismas de la arteria humeral son infrecuentes, pero pueden asociarse a complicaciones de alta morbilidad como la isquemia de miembro superior. Comunicamos un caso de pseudoaneurisma humeral en el pliegue del codo, que se presentó como tumor pulsátil con leve disminución de la temperatura y parestesias en la mano homolateral de un año de evolución, debido a una punción arterial inadvertida durante la venopunción para extracción de sangre. Se trató con éxito mediante resección quirúrgica más reconstrucción vascular con bypass húmero-cubital y bypass húmero-radial ambos con vena safena. Se discuten las diversas opciones terapéuticas disponibles para los pseudoaneurismas humerales considerando las características anatómicas y la sintomatología del paciente.


ABSTRACT Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are rare but can be associated with severe complications as ischemia of the upper extremity. We report a case of a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm in the crease of the elbow presenting as a pulsating mass with progressive growth over the past year. The ipsilateral hand was sightly cold and presented paresthesia. The lesion was due to inadvertent arterial puncture during venipuncture. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with surgical resection and vascular reconstruction with a brachial to ulnar artery bypass and brachial to radial artery bypass with saphenous vein graft. The different therapeutic options available for brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are discussed, considering the anatomic characteristics and patients' symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Ischemia , Paresthesia , Saphenous Vein , Therapeutics , Brachial Artery , Ulnar Artery , Phlebotomy , Upper Extremity , Iatrogenic Disease
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 347-354, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385357

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en el análisis de la posición del arco palmar superficial en la palma de la mano, con identificación del origen, forma de disposición, anastomosis presentes y terminación del mismo, proporcionando la experiencia propia y comparándola con los referentes del área, sin llevar adelante una comparación de clasificaciones, sino por el contrario, buscando analizar la información desde un punto de vista clínico-quirúrgico, demostrando la importancia del conocimiento de la anatomía real del arco palmar superficial al momento de abordar la anatomía vascular de la mano en todo tipo de situaciones patológicas.


SUMMARY: The objective of this work consists in the analysis of the position of the superficial palmar arch in the palm of the hand, with identification of the origin, form of disposition, present anastomosis and termination of the same, providing the own experience and comparing it with the referents of the area, without carrying out a comparison of classifications, but on the contrary, seeking to analyze the information from a clinical-surgical point of view, demonstrating the importance of knowledge of the real anatomy of the superficial palmar arch when addressing the vascular anatomy of the hand in all kinds of pathological situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Radial Artery/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation , Hand/blood supply , Cadaver
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 592-595, June 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098292

ABSTRACT

El arco palmar superficial (APS) resulta de la unión de la arteria ulnar y la rama palmar superficial de la arteria radial. Por su convexidad nacen las arterias digitales comunes. Esta descripción es la única que distintos autores han tomado como válida, por lo que se espera encontrarla durante la disección con mayor frecuencia. Esto no ha sido verificado en nuestra experiencia. Nos proponemos llevar a cabo una revisión de la descripción del APS poniéndolo en contraposición con las disecciones realizadas. Se disecaron y analizaron 61 manos cadavéricas. Estudio del arco palmar superficial: Variante clásica del APS: 23 casos (37,7 %). Variante no clásica del APS: 15 casos (24,6 %). Tipo A: 13 casos (86,7 %). Anastomosis entre arterias ulnar y metacarpiana dorsal del primer espacio. Tipo B: 2 casos (13,3 %). Anastomosis entre arterias ulnar y satélite del nervio mediano. Ausencia del arco: 23 casos (37,7 %) Tipo A: 19 casos (82,6 %). La arteria ulnar es la única estructura en el plano del APS. Tipo B: 3 casos (13 %). La arteria ulnar y la rama palmar superficial de la arteria radial están en el plano del APS sin anastomosarse entre sí. Tipo C: 1 caso (4,4 %). La arteria ulnar y la satélite del nervio mediano están en el plano del APS sin anastomosarse. Estudio de la quinta arteria digital palmar común: La quinta arteria digital palmar común se originó de las distintas variantes en 41 casos (67,2 %). Recomendamos al momento de la disección considerar que: la variante clásica no es la más frecuente de hallar; la ausencia del arco se verifica en el mismo porcentaje que la variante clásica; incluso cuando se comprueba la presencia del APS, el porcentaje de la variante no clásica es contundente; la quinta arteria digital palmar común es una rama colateral constante del APS.


The superficial palmar arch (SPA) is formed by the union of the ulnar artery and the superficial palmar branch of the radial artery. From its convexity four branches emerge, known as the common palmar digital arteries. We propose to carry out a review of the description of the SPA in contrast to the dissections carried out. Sixty-one hands were dissected and studied. Analysis of the SPA: Classic variant of the SPA: 23 cases (37.7 %). Nonclassic variant of the SPA: 15 cases (24.6 %). Type A: 13 cases (86.7 %). Anastomosis between the ulnar artery and the first dorsal metacarpal artery. Type B: 2 cases (13.3 %). Anastomosis between the ulnar artery and the satellite artery of the median nerve. Absence of the arch: 23 cases (37.7 %) Type A: 19 cases (82.6 %). The ulnar artery is the only one present in the plane of the SPA. Type B: 3 cases (13 %). The ulnar artery and the superficial palmar branch of the radial artery are in the plane of the superficial palmar arch, there is no anastomosis between them. Type C: 1 case (4.4 %). The ulnar artery and the satellite artery for the median nerve are in the plane of the SPA, there is no anastomosis between them. Analysis of the fifth common palmar digital artery: The fifth common palmar digital artery originates from the different variants in 41 cases (67.2 %). Based on the results, we recommend at the time of dissecting consider that: The classic variant is not the most frequent to find. The absence of the arch is verified in the same percentage rate as the classic variant. Even when the SPA is present, the percentage rate of the non-classic variant is significant. The fifth common palmar digital artery is a constant collateral branch of the superficial palmar arch.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Hand/blood supply , Radial Artery/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation
15.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 333-336, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762229

ABSTRACT

The authors report a rare variation of the vasculature in the upper limbs of an 84-year-old male cadaver. A high bifurcation of the brachial artery occurred bilaterally at the proximal one-third of each arm. The radial arteries were larger than the ulnar arteries and gave origin to the common interosseous arteries. At the cubital fossa, the ulnar arteries traversed medial to the median nerves, continuing superficial to all forearm muscles except the palmaris longus tendon, characteristic of superficial brachioulnar arteries. The aforementioned variations have rarely been reported in previous literature and demonstrate important clinical significance in relation to accidental intra-arterial injections, errors in blood pressure readings, as well as orthopedic, plastic, and vascular surgeries of the upper limbs.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Arm , Arteries , Blood Pressure , Brachial Artery , Cadaver , Forearm , Injections, Intra-Arterial , Median Nerve , Muscles , Orthopedics , Plastics , Radial Artery , Reading , Tendons , Ulnar Artery , Upper Extremity
16.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 35(1): 15-23, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281792

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: describir la frecuencia de estenosis arterial (cubital y radial) en pa-cientes con esclerosis sistémica (ES); analizar la relación entre estenosis macro-vascular y úlceras digitales. Método: se incluyeron 57 pacientes con ES, según la clasificación del Colegio Americano de Reumatología de 1980 y 21 pacientes sin ES. Se realizó ecografía doppler arterial de miembros superiores. Resultados: la estenosis en al menos una arteria cubital se objetivó en 31% de pacientes con ES (18/57) (p=0.003). Se objetivó estenosis radial en 9 de 57 pacientes con ES (15%) y en uno de los 21 controles (p=0.19). En el modelo multivariado, los predicto-res de úlceras digitales fueron inicio de Raynaud antes de los 40 años (OR 5.3 IC95% 1.54-18.22, p=0.008) y patrón tardío en la capilaroscopia (OR 4.4 IC95% 1.29-15.63, p=0.018). Conclusiones: un tercio de los pacientes ES presentó este-nosis cubital. El compromiso de los grandes vasos no se asoció a úlceras digitales.


Objectives: to describe the frequency of ulnar and radial stenosis in SSc patients. Analyze the correlation between arterial stenosis and digital ulcers. Methods: we included 57 SSc consecutive patients who fulfilled ACR 1980 classification criteria, and 21 healthy controls. An arterial ecodoppler was performed to all participants. Results: the presence of stenosis in at least one ulnar artery was observed in 18 of 57 patients with SSc (31%) and in none of the 21 controls (p=0.003). Stenosis was present in at least one radial artery in 9 of 57 SSc patients (15%) (p=0.19). In multivariate model, the best predictors of digital ulcers were age at onset of Ray-naud phenomenon before 40 years (OR 5.3 95%CI 1.54-18.22, p=0.008) and late SD pattern (OR 4.4 95%CI 1.29-15.63, p=0.018). Conclusion: in the present series, ulnar stenosis was observed frequently in SSc patients. Stenosis of large vessels was not associated with digital ulcers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleroderma, Systemic/complications , Ulcer/etiology , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Ulnar Artery , Radial Artery , Ultrasonography, Doppler
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(3): 997-1001, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954221

ABSTRACT

Describimos un hallazgo infrecuente de arteria ulnar superficial en ambos antebrazos de un cadáver, con origen en la arteria braquial, a nivel de la fosa cubital. Las arterias presentan un trayecto que dividimos en cuatro segmentos, a causa de sus flexuosidades. Ambos antebrazos presentan ausencia del músculo palmaris longus. Se resumen las principales teorías sobre su desarrollo y las complicaciones que pueden ser ocasionadas por su presencia y el eventual beneficio de la misma. Hasta el momento, no hemos encontrado en la literatura, una disposición morfológica de arterias ulnares superficiales como las aquí descritas.


We describe an infrequent finding of a superficial ulnar artery in both cadaver forearms, which originates in the brachial artery at cubital fossa level. The arteries have a path that we divided into four segments, because of their flexuosities. Both forearms showed an absence of the palmaris longus muscle. This summarizes the main theories about its development and the complications and eventual benefits that can be caused by its presence. So far, we have not found in the literature, a morphological disposition of superficial ulnar arteries such as those described here.


Subject(s)
Ulnar Artery/abnormalities , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Anatomic Variation , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Forearm/blood supply
18.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 74-79, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A skin defect of the hand and wrist is a common manifestation in industrial crushing injuries, traffic accidents or after excision of tumors. We reconstructed a skin defect in the ulnar aspect of the hand and wrist with a perforator-based propeller flap from the ulnar artery. The aims of our study are to evaluate the utility and effectiveness of this flap and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the flap in hand and wrist reconstruction with a review of the literature. METHODS: Between April 2011 and November 2016, five cases of skin defect were reconstructed with a perforator-based propeller flap from the ulnar artery. There were four males and one female. The age of patients ranged from 36 to 73 years. Skin defect sites were on the dorso-ulnar side of the hand in three cases and palmar-ulnar side of the wrist in two cases. The size of the skin defect ranged from 4 × 3 cm to 8 × 5 cm. We evaluated the viability of the flap, postoperative complication and patient's satisfaction. RESULTS: There was no failure of flap in all cases. The size of the flap ranged from 4 × 4 cm to 12 × 4 cm. One patient, who had a burn scar contracture, presented with limited active and passive motion of the wrist after the operation. The other patients had no complications postoperatively. Cosmetic results of the surgery were excellent in one patient, good in three patients, and fair in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: The fasciocutaneous propeller flap based on a perforating branch of the ulnar artery is a reliable treatment option for the ulnar side skin defect of the hand and wrist.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Accidents, Traffic , Burns , Cicatrix , Contracture , Hand , Perforator Flap , Postoperative Complications , Skin , Ulnar Artery , Wrist
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(1): f:56-l:59, Jan.-Mar. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841405

ABSTRACT

Abstract During dissection conducted in an anatomy department of the right upper limb of the cadaver of a 70-year-old male, both origin and course of the radial and ulnar arteries were found to be anomalous. After descending 5.5 cm from the lower border of the teres major, the brachial artery anomalously bifurcated into a radial artery medially and an ulnar artery laterally. In the arm, the ulnar artery lay lateral to the median nerve. It followed a normal course in the forearm. The radial artery was medial to the median nerve in the arm and then, at the level of the medial epicondyle, it crossed from the medial to the lateral side of the forearm, superficial to the flexor muscles. The course of the radial artery was superficial and tortuous throughout the arm and forearm. The variations of radial and ulnar arteries described above were associated with anomalous formation and course of the median nerve in the arm. Knowledge of neurovascular anomalies are important for vascular surgeons and radiologists.


Resumo Durante dissecção de membro superior direito de um cadáver de 70 anos, do sexo masculino, conduzida em um departamento de anatomia, foram observadas anomalias tanto na origem quanto no curso das artérias radial e ulnar. Após descer 5,5 cm desde a borda inferior do músculo redondo maior, a artéria braquial anomalamente se bifurcava em uma artéria radial medialmente, e em uma artéria ulnar lateralmente. No braço, a artéria ulnar se encontrava ao lado do nervo mediano, e seguia um curso normal no antebraço. A artéria radial se encontrava medialmente ao nervo mediano no braço e, então, no nível do epicôndilo medial, ela cruzava do lado medial para o lado lateral do antebraço, na superfície dos músculos flexores. O curso da artéria radial era superficial e tortuoso em todo o braço e antebraço. As variações das artérias radial e ulnar aqui descritas foram associadas a formação e curso anômalos do nervo mediano no braço. Conhecimento sobre anomalias neurovasculares são importantes para cirurgiões vasculares e radiologistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Radial Artery/abnormalities , Ulnar Artery/abnormalities , Anatomy , Brachial Artery/anatomy & histology , Dissection/methods , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-183462

ABSTRACT

Aberrant origin of ulnar artery that potentially changes its normal anatomical relationship is considerable rare. But when present, it must never be overlooked before carrying invasive procedures on the anteromedial aspect of the arm and forearm by the clinician. This would avoid unprecedented iatrogenic loss of part or entire distal part of the upper limb due to loss of arterial blood supply. While doing the normal dissection of the left upper limb on the 35 year old female cadaver, medical students saw a strangely and superficially placed ulnar artery that arose from the brachial artery way up within the upper part of the middle 3rd of the arm. This superficial ulnar artery coursed within the deep brachial and antebrachial fascia, making it superficial to all flexor muscles of the flexor compartment of the forearm. It only resumes its normal course at the wrist joint distally. The brachial artery coursed normally and bifurcated at the cubital fossa to give radial artery laterally and common interosseous artery medially. On the other hand, the right upper limb had normal arterial patterning.


Subject(s)
Ulnar Artery , Brachial Artery , Radial Artery
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