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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 19-23, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148162

ABSTRACT

O tratamento periodontal consiste na remoção do biofilme patogênico, através da raspagem e alisamento radicular. O desbridamento ultrassônico de boca toda promove uma instrumentação mais conservadora, porém eficiente da superfície radicular, em sessão única. Evitando a translocação bacteriana de uma região tratada para outra que já foi. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi realizar uma comparação entre a eficácia da raspagem manual e a ultrassônica dentro do protocolo da FMD, através de um relato de caso clínico. Houve uma melhora nos parâmetros clínicos periodontais em todos os quadrantes, porém resultados superiores foram observados com o desbridamento com ultrassom e irrigação com clorexidina. A instrumentação com ultrassom associada a clorexidina no tratamento da periodontite estágio III grau C generalizada, reduz com eficácia o tempo de tratamento, otimizando o tempo do paciente e profissional(AU)


Periodontal treatment consists of removing the pathogenic biofilm, by scaling and root planing. Ultrasonic debridement of the entire mouth promotes more conservative, yet efficient instrumentation of the root surface, in a single session. Avoiding bacterial translocation from one treated region to another that has already been. The objective of the present study was to make a comparison between the effectiveness of manual and ultrasonic scraping within the FMD protocol, through a clinical case report. There was an improvement in periodontal clinical parameters in all quadrants, but superior results were observed with debridement with ultrasound and irrigation with chlorhexidine. Instrumentation with ultrasound associated with chlorhexidine in the treatment of generalized stage III grade C periodontitis, effectively reduces treatment time, optimizing patient and professional time(AU)


Subject(s)
Periodontitis , Dental Scaling , Periodontal Debridement , Ultrasonic Therapy , Chlorhexidine , Dental Plaque
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 602-610, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922364

ABSTRACT

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a promising therapy that has been increasingly explored in basic research and clinical applications. LIPUS is an appealing therapeutic option as it is a noninvasive treatment that has many advantages, including no risk of infection or tissue damage and no known adverse reactions. LIPUS has been shown to have many benefits including promotion of tissue healing, angiogenesis, and tissue regeneration; inhibition of inflammation and pain relief; and stimulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. The biophysical mechanisms of LIPUS remain unclear and the studies are ongoing. In recent years, more and more research has focused on the relationship between LIPUS and stem/progenitor cells. A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases to July 2020 was performed. LIPUS has many effects on stem cells. Studies show that LIPUS can stimulate stem cells in vitro; promote stem cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration; maintain stem cell activity; alleviate the problems of insufficient seed cell source, differentiation, and maturation; and circumvent the low efficiency of stem cell transplantation. The mechanisms involved in the effects of LIPUS are not fully understood, but the effects demonstrated in studies thus far have been favorable. Much additional research is needed before LIPUS can progress from basic science research to large-scale clinical dissemination and application.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Humans , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Ultrasonic Waves
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(4): 357-368, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1351411

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia de la inmovilización nocturna de la muñeca con una férula cubital en ángulo neutro junto con la aplicación de ultrasonido en pacientes con síndrome del túnel carpiano leve y moderado. Materiales y Métodos: Entre octubre de 2007 y marzo de 2010, se incluyó a pacientes >18 años con síndrome del túnel carpiano confirmado por electromiografía en un hospital de Buenos Aires. Se realizó una aleatorización estratificada, con bloques permutados aleatorios, y apareamiento por sexo y edad. Los pacientes fueron asignados al grupo experimental (GE) o al grupo de control (GC). Ambos grupos recibieron ultrasonido de 1 MHz pulsante por 15 min, 3 veces por semana, durante 6 semanas. Los pacientes del GE, además, utilizaron una férula nocturna. Se evaluaron el dolor y la parestesia con la escala analógica visual de 100 mm, la PSFS y el test de Moberg, al comenzar, a las 3 semanas y, al finalizar, a las 6 semanas, y durante el seguimiento, al mes, y a los 3 y 6 meses, con evaluador a ciego. Resultados: Se analizó a 32 pacientes del GC y a 33 del GE. Al finalizar el tratamiento, todas las variables habían mejorado en ambos grupos, con diferencia de medias estadísticamente significativa para el dolor a favor del GE a las 3 semanas de tratamiento 1,64 (IC95% 0,38-2,91; p = 0,012), pero sin diferencia clínica significativa. No se informaron efectos adversos. Conclusión: El tratamiento con una férula nocturna y ultrasonido no es superior al ultrasonido solo en pacientes con STC. Nivel de Evidencia; II


Objective: To compare the effectiveness of night wrist immobilization using an ulnar splint in neutral angle versus the use of ultrasound (US) in patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). Materials and Methods: Study population included over 18 years of age that were treated for electromyography-confirmed CTS between October 2007 and March 2010 at a Buenos Aires hospital. A sex- and age-stratified randomization was performed by using randomly permuted blocks, allocating patients into the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Pulsed US therapy was administered for 15 minutes to all patients three times a week for six weeks at a frequency of 1 MHz. In addition, EG patients were also prescribed night splint. Pain and paresthesia were evaluated using a 100mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS), and the Moberg pickup test (MPUT) at baseline, at 3 and 6 weeks, and at 3 and 6 months after treatment institution by a blinded investigator. Results: Study population consisted of 85 cases (65 patients) that were randomly allocated to CG (n=42) or EG (n=43). Improvement of all the variables was observed at the end of treatment in both groups, with a 1.64 (95% CI: 0.38-2.91, P=0.012) statistically significant difference in means for pain in favor of the EG at 3 weeks of treatment, but without a significant clinical difference. No adverse effects were observed. Conclusion: The effectiveness of combined night splint and US therapy is not superior to the US alone treatment in CTS patients. Level of Evidence; II


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Ultrasonic Therapy , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Ferula
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1288-1295, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134438

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of stretching and therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) on desmin and laminin contents of rat muscle after contusion. Male Wistar rats (n = 35, 8-9 weeks of age, 271 ± 14g body weight) were divided into five groups: Control group (CG) (n= 03); Injured group (IG) (n= 8); Injured + ultrasound group (IUSG) (n= 8); Injured+stretching group (ISG) (n= 8); Injured +ultrasound + stretching group (IUSSG) (n= 8). The application of ultrasound started 72 hours after the contusion, using the 50 % pulsed mode, 0.5 W/cm2, 5 min, once a day, for five consecutive days. Passive manual stretching was started on the tenth day after injury, with four repetitions of 30 s each and 30 s rest between repetitions, once a day, five times per week, for a total of ten applications. After 22 days, the rats were euthanazied and the gastrocnemius of both limbs removed for desmin and laminin immunohistochemistry morphometric measurement. Analysis was conducted using ANOVA one way post-hoc Tukey to parametric data and Kruskall-Wallis for non-parametric data. The IUSSG animals showed a larger area of desmin than ISG (p<0.05). It was found a decrease in laminin comparing IUSG to IG. However, laminin area was higher in ISG than all groups (p<0.05). UST isolated or in combination with stretching influenced gastrocnemius regeneration in different manners. While stretching applied isolated enhanced gastrocnemius regeneration noticed by the increase in laminin area, in combination with TUS strengthened the muscle healing rising desmin area.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los efectos del estiramiento y la ecografía en los contenidos de desmina y laminina del músculo de rata después de la lesión. Ratas Wistar macho (n = 35, 8-9 semanas de edad, 271 ± 14 g de peso corporal) se dividieron en cinco grupos: grupo de control (CG) (n = 03); Grupo lesionado (GL) (n = 8); Lesionado + grupo de ultrasonido (LGU) (n= 8); Lesionado + grupo de estiramiento (LGE) (n = 8); Lesionado + ultrasonido + grupo de estiramiento (LUGE) (n = 8). La aplicación de ultrasonido comenzó 72 horas después de la lesión, usando el modo pulsado al 50 %, 0,5W / cm2, 5 min, una vez al día, durante cinco días consecutivos. El estiramiento manual pasivo se inició el décimo día después de la lesión, con cuatro repeticiones de 30 seg cada una y 30 seg de descanso entre repeticiones, una vez al día, cinco veces por semana, para un total de diez aplicaciones. Las ratas fueron sacrificadas después de 22 días, y se extrajo el músculo gastrocnemio de ambos miembros para la medición morfométrica de desmina y laminina a través de inmunohistoquímica. El análisis se realizó utilizando ANOVA unidireccional Tukey post-hoc para datos paramétricos y Kruskall-Wallis para datos no paramétricos. Los animales LUGE mostraron un área mayor de desmina que LGE (p <0,05). Se encontró una disminución en la laminina comparando LGU con GL. Sin embargo, el área de laminina fue mayor en LGE que en todos los grupos (p <0,05). El tratamiento con ultrasonido aislado o en combinación con estiramiento influyó en la regeneración del músculo gastrocnemio de diferentes maneras. Si bien el estiramiento aplicado, en combinación con tratamiento de ultrasonido, fortaleció el área de desmina, la regeneración del músculo gastrocnemio mejoró por el aumento en el área de laminina aumentando la curación muscular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Contusions/therapy , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Immunohistochemistry , Analysis of Variance , Laminin/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Desmin/analysis
6.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 86-93, maio-ago.2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344683

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Acidentes e complicações podem acontecer em qualquer fase do tratamento endodôntico. Podem ocorrer devido a diversos fatores, como falhas dos instrumentos, dificuldades anatômicas e limitações do profissional, o que, muitas vezes, pode alterar o prognóstico de um caso. Objetivo: O presente relato de caso aborda uma situação em que uma paciente se apresentava com dois instrumentos fraturados e uma perfuração radicular em um dente molar inferior com periodontite apical. Relato do caso: Os fragmentos foram removidos por meio de técnica mecanizada e ultrassônica padronizada, e a perfuração foi tratada e selada com material à base de silicato de cálcio. Conclusão: O emprego de recursos tecnológicos atuais favoreceu a resolução do caso, melhorando seu prognóstico. O restabelecimento da condição de normalidade do dente e tecidos adjacentes foi confirmado por exames radiográficos e tomográficos (AU).


Introduction: Accidents and complications may happen at any endodontic treatment stage. These are likely to change the prognosis of treatment and can be due to factors related to instrumental failure, anatomic difficulties and the professional's limitations. Objective: This case report addresses a case where a patient presenting two separated instruments and a root perforation in a lower molar with apical periodontitis. Case report: The separated instruments have been removed by mechanical and ultrasonic standardized method and the perforation was treated and sealed by silicate cement-based material. Conclusion: The use of technological resources favored the resolution of the case, increasing its predictability. The reestablishment of the normal condition of the tooth and surrounding tissues was confirmed by radiograph and computed tomography exams (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Root Canal Therapy , Silicate Cement , Technology , Ultrasonic Therapy , Calcium , Retreatment , Molar
7.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 133-146, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138526

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP) es una causa frecuente de morbimortalidad cardiovascular y la trombolisis local asistida por ultrasonido (TLUS) constituye una alternativa de tratamiento validada para pacientes de riesgo intermedio. No existen reportes del uso de esta tecnología en el ámbito nacional. MÉTODOS: Análisis descriptivo, prospectivo, sobre una serie de pacientes con TEP agudo, de riesgo intermedio, tratados en forma percutánea con trombolisis local asistida por catéter de ultrasonido terapéutico (EKOSonic®). Se analiza la eficacia y seguridad del procedimiento mediante variables clínicas, hemodinámicas y radiológicas, así como desenlaces intra hospitalarios. Se reporta, además, el seguimiento a 30 días. RESULTADOS: Entre Junio de 2019 y Marzo de 2020, 4 pacientes con TEP de riesgo intermedio fueron tratados con esta técnica. El score PESI (Pulmonary Embolism severity Index) promedio era de 79,5 + 6,1. Dos pacientes requirieron la instalación de 2 catéteres para efectuar terapia bilateral. Se observó una reducción promedio en la presión sistólica de arteria pulmonar de 29% y en 3 de los 4 enfermos se logró revertir la dilatación ventricular derecha presente al ingreso. La carga trombótica se redujo en un 20% medido por score CTOI. No hubo complicaciones intraoperatorias ni intrahospitalarias asociadas a la intervención. CONCLUSIONES: En esta serie inicial, el uso de la trombolisis local con catéter de ultrasonido en pacientes con TEP de riesgo intermedio fue segura y efectiva. Los resultados perioperatorios y a 30 días fueron comparables a los descritos en experiencias internacionales; sin embargo, aún se requieren de estudios con mayor número de pacientes para confirmar los beneficios de esta técnica en nuestro medio.


BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is a common cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and local ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis (USAT) is a validated alternative treatment for intermediate-risk patients. There are no reports on the use of this technology in our country. METHODS: Prospective series of patients with acute, intermediate-risk PE treated percutaneously with therapeutic ultrasound catheter-assisted local thrombolysis (EKOSonic®). The efficacy and safety of the procedure were analyzed using clinical, hemodynamic, and radiological variables, as well as intra-hospital outcomes. The 30-day follow-up is also reported. RESULTS: between June 2019 and March 2020, a total of 4 patients with intermediate-risk PE were treated with this technique. The average PESI score was 79.5 + 6.1. Two out of 4 patients required the use of 2 catheters for bilateral therapy. The average reduction in systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery was 29% and 3 patients reversed the right ventricular dilation present at admission. The thrombotic burden was reduced by 20% according to the Computed Tomography Obstruction Index (CTOI). There were no intraoperative or in hospital complications associated with the intervention. CONCLUSION: In this initial series, the use of local thrombolysis with an ultrasound catheter in patients with intermediate-risk PE was safe and effective. The perioperative and 30-day outcomes were similar to those previously reported in international series. However, larger randomized trials are needed to confirm this potential benefit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Ultrasonic Therapy , Catheters , Mechanical Thrombolysis , Pulmonary Artery , Pulmonary Embolism/physiopathology , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Safety , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Hemodynamics , Length of Stay
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 278-283, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138028

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the effect of two therapeutic ultrasound protocols, with different times of exposure in the regeneration of critical bone defect. Methods Forty-five male rats were distributed among three experimental groups: therapeutic ultrasound group 5 minutes (TUG 5); therapeutic ultrasound group 10 minutes (TUG 10); and control group (CG). In all groups, a critical bone defect of 8.5 mm diameter was made in the calvaria region. The protocol was initiated on the 1st postoperative day in TUGs 5 and 10, with therapeutic ultrasound at the frequency of 1.0 MHz, pulsed mode, five times a week, at periods of 15, 30, and 60 days. Results Among the experimental groups, the highest volume of neoformation of osteoid matrix took place in the TUG 10 group followed by TUG 5, when compared with the CG group, in which the neoformation was restricted to the border region. The use of ultrasound promoted an increase in the thickness of the conjunctive matrix, proliferation of capillaries, alignment of the collagen fibers, reduction of edema and inflammatory process, being more significant in the 10-minutes time period. Conclusion Therapeutic ultrasound stimulated the repair of a critical bone defect, and the longer exposure time promoted greater osteogenic stimulation.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar o efeito de dois protocolos de ultrassom terapêutico com diferentes tempos de exposição para regeneração de defeito ósseo crítico. Métodos Foram utilizados 45 ratos, machos, distribuídos em três grupos: grupo ultrassom terapêutico 5 minutos (GUS 5); grupo ultrassom terapêutico 10 minutos (GUS 10); e grupo controle (GC). Em todos os grupos, confeccionou-se um defeito ósseo crítico, com 8,5 mm de diâmetro, na região da calvária. O protocolo foi iniciado no 1º dia do pós-operatório, no GUS 5 e no GUS 10, com ultrassom terapêutico na frequência de 1,0 MHz, modo pulsado, 5 vezes por semana, nos períodos de 15, 30, e 60 dias. Resultados Dentre os grupos experimentais, houve maior neoformação de matriz osteoide no GUS 10, seguido do GUS 5 quando comparados ao GC, no qual a neoformação foi restrita à região de borda. O uso do ultrassom promoveu aumento na espessura da matriz conjuntiva, proliferação de capilares, alinhamento das fibras colágenas, redução do edema e do processo inflamatório, tendo sido mais significativo no tempo de 10 minutos. Conclusão O ultrassom terapêutico estimulou o reparo do defeito ósseo crítico, e o maior tempo de exposição promoveu maior estímulo osteogênico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skull , Ultrasonic Therapy , Bone and Bones , Bone Regeneration , Morbidity , Collagen , Exposure Time
9.
Fisioter. Bras ; 21(2): 204-210, Mai 16, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282972

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As associações de Terapias Combinadas de Ultrassom e Eletroterapia (TCUE) no mercado nacional podem ser utilizadas através de diferentes equipamentos. Na prática clínica tem-se relatado que o uso das TCUE tem eficácia no tratamento da adiposidade localizada. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da terapia combinada (TCUE) no tratamento da adiposidade localizada. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo experimental, composto por uma amostra de 15 coelhos, de ambos os sexos, da espécie Oryctolagus Cuniculus, divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos: G1- grupo TCUE-M que utilizou efeitos do ultrassom com aplicação de correntes estereodinâmicas (n = 5); G2- grupo TCUE -H que utilizou uma combinação de ultrassom e corrente Aussie (n = 5) e G3- controle (n = 5) nenhuma terapia. Resultados: As análises dos resultados revelaram pequenas alterações na camada adiposa na maioria dos coelhos integrantes dos grupos tratados. Conclusão: A análise das lâminas histológicas apresentou irregularidades na membrana celular adiposa mostrando diferentes tamanhos de células. (AU)


Introduction: Associations of Combined Ultrasound Therapy and Electrotherapy (TCUE) can be used in the domestic market through different equipment. Some authors report that the use of TCUE has efficacy in the treatment of localized adiposity. Objective: To evaluate the effects of combined therapy (TCUE) in the treatment of localized adiposity. Methods: This is an experimental study consisting of a sample of 15 rabbits of both sexes of the species Oryctolagus Cuniculus, randomly divided into three groups: G1- TCUE-M group that used ultrasound effects with the application of stereodynamic currents (n = 5); G2-TCUE-H group that used a combination of ultrasound and current Aussie (n = 5) and G3-control (n = 5) no therapy. Results: Analyzes of the results revealed small alterations in the adipose layer in most of the rabbits in the treated groups. Conclusion: Analysis of the histological slides presented irregularities in the adipose cell membrane showing different cell sizes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Combined Modality Therapy , Adiposity , Ultrasonic Therapy , Adipose Tissue , Electric Stimulation Therapy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical delivery of modified Da-Cheng- Qi Decoction (, MDCQD) by low-frequency ultrasound sonophoresis (LFUS) in patients with refractory metastatic malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) using an objective performance criteria (OPC) design.@*METHODS@#Fifty patients with refractory metastatic MBO were enrolled in this open-label single-arm clinical trial. Alongside fasting, gastrointestinal decompression, glycerol enema, intravenous nutrition and antisecretory therapy, a 50 g dose of MDCQD (prepared as a hydrogel) was applied through topical delivery at the site of abodminal pain or Tianshu (S 25) using LFUS for 30 min, twice daily for 5 consecutive days. The overall outcome was the remission of intestinal obstruction, and improvement on abdominal pain, abdominal distention, nausea and vomiting scores. Indicators of safety evaluation included liver and renal function as well as blood coagulation indicators.@*RESULTS@#Among 50 patients, 5 patients (10%) showed complete remission of intestinal obstruction and 21 patients (42%) showed improvement of intestinal obstruction. The overall remission rate of bowel obstruction was 52%. The results of the symptom score, based on the severity and frequency of the episode, are as follows: 26 patients (52%) showed improvment on symptom scores, 20 patients (40%) did not respond to treatment, and 4 patients (8%) discontinued treatment due to intolerance. No serious adverse effects or abnormal changes on liver and renal function or blood coagulation were observed.@*CONCLUSION@#Topical delivery of MDCQD at 100 g/day using LFUS can improve the treatment response in patients with refractory metastatic MBO.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Adult , Aged , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Intestinal Neoplasms , Intestinal Obstruction , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Ultrasonic Therapy , Methods
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190100, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056594

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This clinical study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of passive ultrasonic activation (PUA) in eliminating microorganisms in primary endodontic infection (PEI) after instrumentation of root canals using microbiological culture and checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. Methodology: Twenty root canals with PEI and apical periodontitis were selected. The root canals were instrumented and then randomly divided into 2 groups, according to the irrigation method: PUA and conventional needle irrigation (CNI). Microbiological samples were collected before instrumentation (S1), after instrumentation (S2) and after irrigation with 17% EDTA (S3). The samples were subjected to anaerobic culture technique and checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization analysis. Results: A statistically significant difference was found between CNI (23.56%) and PUA (98.37%) regarding the median percentage values for culturable bacteria reduction (p<0.05). In the initial samples, the most frequently detected species was S. constellatus (50%), and after root canal treatment was E. faecalis (50%). Conclusion: Both treatments significantly decreased the number of bacterial species compared with the initial sample. However, no statistical difference in the total microbial load between PUA and CNI groups was detected. The number of cultivable anaerobic bacteria reduced significantly using PUA, and the bacterial composition and number of bacterial species after using either CNI or PUA was similar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Ultrasonic Therapy/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Colony Count, Microbial , DNA Probes , Linear Models , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bacterial Load , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
12.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(3): [197-212], set-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046184

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se comparar a evolução da cicatrização de feridas cirúrgicas com cinco protocolos de tratamento através de análise planimétrica. Grupos de 12 ratos Wistar, foram alocados em cinco estudos experimentais: A- controle negativo; B- ferida cirúrgica, tratada com ultrassom terapêutico (UST) desligado ; C- ferida tratada somente com citrato de sildenafila ; D- ferida tratada com citrato de sildenafila e UST e grupo E-ferida tratada somente com UST. A evolução cicatricial foi acompanhada diariamente e avaliada por imagem fotográfica computadorizada aos sete, 14 e 21 dias. A aplicação do UST pulsado, com doses 1MHZ e 0,4Wcm2 reduziu o tempo de cicatrização epitelial em condições experimentais, favorecendo precocemente a reparação tecidual com efeitos qualitativos superiores ao tratamento com citrato de sildenafila (CS). A mensuração computacional para evolução da cicatrização de ferida dérmica mostrou-se um recurso de fácil aplicação sendo de baixo custo e eficiente para a aplicabilidade na rotina médica veterinária.


This study aimed at comparing the evolution of healing of surgical wounds with five treatment protocols through planimetric measurement. Groups of 12 Wistar rats were allocated in five experimental studies: A ­ negative control; B ­ surgical wound treated with therapeutic ultrasound turned off; C ­ surgical wound treated with sildenafil citrate; D ­ wound treated with sildenafil citrate and therapeutic ultrasound; and group E ­ wound treated only with therapeutic ultrasound. The healing progress was monitored daily and assessed by computed photographic image at seven, 14 and 21 days. It was concluded that the application of pulsated therapeutic ultrasound on surgical wounds at 1 MHz and 0.4Wcm2 doses reduces the epithelial healing time in experimental conditions, favoring the early repair of tissue with qualitative effects superior than the ones found in the treatment with sildenafil citrate (SC). The computational measurement for the evolution of the dermal wound healing proved to be an easy-to-apply resource, with a low cost and great efficiency for the applicability in the veterinary medical routine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ultrasonic Therapy , Wound Healing , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Sildenafil Citrate/therapeutic use , Skin/injuries , Time Factors , Wounds and Injuries , Phonophoresis , Cicatrix/therapy , Rats, Wistar
13.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1219-1225, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1022336

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da irradiação ultrassônica de baixa frequência no tratamento de úlcera venosa. Método: Estudo de aplicação de tecnologia em saúde, realizado com indivíduos com lesões venosas, no ano de 2017 entre os meses de abril a agosto, utilizado formulário estruturado para coleta, analisados no programa Excel e representados em tabela e estatística descritiva. Resultados: Participaram cinco pacientes, três mulheres entre 65 e 88 anos de idade. Os participantes apresentaram cinco úlceras venosas, maioria localizada na porção inferior da perna. Houve redução mínima de 2,5% e máxima de 35,8% sobre a área das lesões. Um participante apresentou 100,0% de epitelização e os demais apresentaram tecido de granulação maior ou igual a 70,0%. Encontrou-se redução máxima de 10 pontos na PUSH, redução mínima de 2 pontos. Conclusão: A terapia ultrassônica traz aspectos positivos para o processo de reparação tecidual


Objective: The study's purpose has been to assess the effects of low-frequency ultrasound irradiation in the treatment of venous ulcer. Methods: It is a health technology application study, which was performed with individuals bearing venous lesions. The research was carried out over 2017 from April to August, using a structured form for data collection, where such data was analyzed in the Excel program and represented through tables and descriptive statistics. Results: Five patients have participated, being three women within the age group from 65 to 88 years old. The participants had five venous ulcers, predominantly located in the leg's lower portion. There was a reduction in the lesion area ranging from 2.5% (minimum) to 35.8% (maximum). One participant achieved 100% epithelization, and the others showed granulation tissue greater or equal to 70.0%. There was a maximum reduction of 10 points in the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH), and a minimum reduction of 2 points. Conclusion: The low-frequency ultrasound therapy produces positive aspects to the tissue healing process


Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de la irradiación ultrasónica de baja frecuencia en el tratamiento de úlcera venosa. Método: Estudio de aplicación de tecnología en salud, realizado con individuos con lesiones venosas, en el año 2017 entre los meses abril a agosto, utilizado formulario estructurado para recolección, analizados en el programa Excel y representados en tabla y estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Participaron cinco pacientes, tres mujeres entre 65 y 88 años de edad. Presentaron cinco úlceras venosas, mayoría localizada en la porción inferior de la pierna. Se observó una reducción mínima del 2,5% y una máxima del 35,8% sobre el área de las lesiones. Un participante presentó 100,0% de epitelización y los demás presentaron tejido de granulación mayor o igual al 70,0%. Se encontró reducción máxima de 10 puntos en la PUSH, reducción mínima de 2 puntos. Conclusión: La terapia ultrasónica trae aspectos positivos para el proceso de reparación del tejido


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ultrasonic Therapy/nursing , Varicose Ulcer/therapy , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Biomedical Technology/methods
14.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(1): 58-62, 28/06/2019. tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015162

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La medición del diámetro de la vaina del nervio óptico a través de la ventana ocular puede ser un método no invasivo para la detección de hipertensión endocraneana. OBJETIVO. De este trabajo fue validar una fórmula de cuantificación de la presión intracraneana a partir de la evaluación por ultrasonido de la vaina del nervio óptico en una ciudad de gran altitud. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio prospectivo de 27 pacientes con trauma craneoencefalico grave en quienes se les colocó un sensor de presión intracraneana intraventricular y se realizó el cálculo de la PIC no invasiva mediante correlación utilizando la evaluación de la vaina del nervio óptico a través de ultrasonido y aplicando una fórmula de cálculo. RESULTADOS. Correlación positiva débil con significancia estadística. CONCLUSIÓN. La cuantificación de la presión intracraneana no invasiva a través de la evaluación de la vaina del nervio óptico por ultrasonido podría ser una herramienta útil en ciudades de gran altitud sobre el nivel del mar.


INTRODUCTION. Measuring the diameter of the optic nerve sheath through the eye window can be a non-invasive method for the detection of endocranial hypertension. OBJECTIVE. This work was to validate a formula for quantifying intracranial pressure from the ultrasound evaluation of the optic nerve sheath in a high-altitude city. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Prospective study of 27 patients with severe cranioencephalic trauma in whom an intraventricular intracranial pressure sensor was placed and the calculation of non-invasive ICP was performed by correlation using the evaluation of the optic nerve sheath through ultrasound and applying a formula of calculation. RESULTS. Weak positive correlation with statistical significance. CONCLUSION. Quantification of non-invasive intracranial pressure through the evaluation of the optic nerve sheath by ultrasound could be a useful tool in high altitude cities above sea level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Optic Nerve , Ultrasonic Therapy , Observational Study , Craniocerebral Trauma , Hypertension , Intracranial Pressure , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Ecuador
15.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 9(2): 166-173, Maio 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150891

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A amamentação constitui uma importante etapa no processo reprodutivo, oferecendo benefícios tanto para mãe como para a criança. O Ingurgitamento mamário é uma complicação que ocorre do terceiro ao quinto dia de pós-parto. O Ultrassom Terapêutico (UST) é amplamente utilizado, e consiste em um aparelho capaz de produzir energia acústica de alta frequência. OBJETIVO: verificar o efeito agudo do ultrassom no processo terapêutico do ingurgitamento mamário. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal, que avaliou a mama e classificou o ingurgitamento, além de realizar avaliação da dor e da percepção subjetiva das mamas. Foi administrado o protocolo com ultrassom terapêutico na frequência de 1Mh, modo pulsado, intensidade/ dose de 0,5w/cm2, ciclo ativo de 20% com tempo de aplicação de 02 minutos por área de radiação efetiva (ERA). Após aplicação, a lactente foi submetida à amamentação e realizada nova avaliação das mamas. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 4 mulheres entre 20 e 30 anos com quadro de ingurgitamento mamário. O valor inicial do ingurgitamento mamário foi de 2 a mediana e a final foi de 1 a mediana. Em relação à dor mamária, inicialmente foi de 5 mediana e a final 2 a mediana. Em todos os casos analisados houve melhora na dor, na disponibilidade do leite e no aspecto de ingurgitamento da mama. CONCLUSÃO: O ultrassom terapêutico se mostrou eficaz na redução da dor, no aumento da disponibilidade do leite e na melhora do enrijecimento característico do ingurgitamento mamário.


INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is an important step in the reproductive process, providing benefits for both mother and child. Breast engorgement is a complication that occurs from the third to the fifth postpartum day. Therapeutic Ultrasound (UST) is widely used, and consists of an apparatus capable of producing high frequency acoustic energy. OBJECTIVE: to verify the acute effect of ultrasound in the therapeutic process of breast engorgement. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study, which evaluated the breast and classified the engorgement, besides evaluating the pain and the subjective perception of the breasts. The protocol with therapeutic ultrasound was administered at a frequency of 1Mh, pulsed mode, intensity / dose of 0.5w / cm2, active cycle of 20% with application time of 02 minutes per effective Radiation Area (ERA). After application, the infant was submitted to breastfeeding and a new breast evaluation was performed. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 4 women between 20 and 30 years of age with breast engorgement. The initial value of breast engorgement was 2 the median and the final value was 1 to median. Regarding breast pain, it was initially 5 median and the final 2 median. In all the analyzed cases there was improvement in pain, milk availability and breast engorgement aspect. CONCLUSION: Therapeutic ultrasound has been shown to be effective in reducing pain, increasing milk availability and improving the stiffness characteristic of breast engorgement.


Subject(s)
Ultrasonic Therapy , Breast , Breast Feeding
16.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 57, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088622

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the short-term effects of pulsed laser and pulsed and continuous ultrasound on pain and functional disability in women with chronic non-specific low back pain. Methods: The sample was composed of 100 volunteers randomly allocated into four groups: The Pulsed Laser Group (n = 26) was treated with 3 J/cm2; the Pulsed Ultrasound Group (n = 24; 3 MHz) was treated with 1 W/cm2; the Continuous Ultrasound Group (n = 26; 1 MHz) was treated with 1 W/cm2; and a Control Group (n = 24), where the patients were still waiting for treatment. Before and after 10 sessions of treatment, the intensity of pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS), the quality of pain was evaluated using the McGill pain questionnaire and functional disability was investigated using the Roland-Morris questionnaire. Results: The three treated groups exhibited a decrease in pain (p < 0.001); the Pulsed Laser Group showed the greater relative gain (91.2%), Meanwhile, the Control Group exhibited a worsening of - 5.8%. The three treated groups demonstrated improvement in the quality of pain (McGill) in the total, sensory and affective dimensions (p < 0.005; p < 0.002; p < 0.013, respectively). All treated groups showed a decrease in functional disability (p < 0.001), but the Pulsed Ultrasound Group showed the highest relative gain (83.3%). Conclusions: The three modalities have significant effects to decreasing low back pain and improving functional disability in women with non-specific chronic low back pain, but the pulsed low-level laser had the best results on pain while the pulsed ultrasound had the best results on improve the functional disability. Trial registration:ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02150096.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ultrasonic Therapy/instrumentation , Low Back Pain/therapy , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Visual Analog Scale
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e0045, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019594

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the osteogenic differentiation of dental follicle cells (DFCs) in vitro and on the regenerative effects of DFC-OsteoBoneTM complexes in vivo. DFCs were isolated and characterized. In the in vitro study, DFCs were cultured in an osteogenic medium in the presence or absence of LIPUS. The expression levels of ALP, Runx2, OSX, and COL-I mRNA were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on day 7. Alizarin red staining was performed on day 21. The state of the growth of the DFCs that were seeded on the scaffold at 3, 5, 7, and 9 days was detected by using a scanning electron microscope. In our in vivo study, 9 healthy nude mice randomly underwent subcutaneous transplantation surgery in one of three groups: group A, empty scaffold; group B, DFCs + scaffold; and group C, DFCs + scaffold + LIPUS. After 8 weeks of implantation, a histological analysis was performed by HE and Mason staining. Our results indicate that LIPUS promotes the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs by increasing the expression of the ALP, Runx2, OSX, and COL-I genes and the formation of mineralized nodules. The cells can adhere and grow on the scaffolds and grow best at 9 days. The HE and Mason staining results showed that more cells, fibrous tissue and blood vessels could be observed in the DFCs + scaffold + LIPUS group than in the other groups. LIPUS could promote the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs in vitro and promote tissue regeneration in a DFCs-scaffold complex in vivo. Further studies should be conducted to explore the underlying mechanisms of LIPUS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteogenesis/radiation effects , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Bone Regeneration/radiation effects , Dental Sac/cytology , Ultrasonic Waves , Time Factors , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Ceramics , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Dental Sac/radiation effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Mice, Nude
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e011, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989484

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the influence of novel ultrasonic tips as an auxiliary method for the rotary preparation of flattened/oval-shaped canals. Forty-five mandibular incisors were selected and divided into one of three experimental groups (n = 15): Group PFCP - ProDesign Logic 25/.05 + Flatsonic + Clearsonic + Prodesign Logic 40/.01; Group FCP - Flatsonic + Clearsonic + ProDesign Logic 40/.01; and Group PP - Prodesign Logic 25/.05 + Prodesign Logic 40/.05. The teeth were scanned preoperatively and postoperatively using microcomputed tomography. The percentage values for increase in volume, non-instrumented surface area, dentin removal, degree of canal transportation, and centering ratio between the experimental groups were examined. Data were analyzed using the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests (p < 0.05). Group PFCP showed the greatest volume increase in the total portion of the root canal and the lowest percentage of non-instrumented surface area. Regarding the degree of transportation in the buccolingual direction, statistically significant differences between groups PFCP and PP were observed at the coronal third of the canal. In the mesiodistal direction, no statistically significant differences were observed at the coronal, middle, and apical thirds. As for the centering ratio, statistically significant differences were found in the buccolingual direction. In the mesiodistal direction, no statistically significant differences were observed at the coronal, middle, and apical thirds. The use of novel ultrasonic tips combined with rotary instruments in group PFCP provided a significant increase in volume and reduced the percentage of non-instrumented areas during the preparation of flattened/oval-shaped canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ultrasonic Therapy/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Instruments/standards , Dentin/surgery , Equipment Design , X-Ray Microtomography/methods
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180420, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012513

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This in vitro study aimed to compare the efficacy of irrigants using various irrigation activation methods to the push-out bond strengths of fiber post to root canal luted with self-adhesive resin cement (SARC). Methodology: Forty-eight decoronated human canines were used. The specimens were divided into four groups corresponding with the post-space irrigation process and were treated as follows: distilled water (DW) (Control) group received 15 mL of DW; sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)+ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW; passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW, and each irrigant was agitated with an ultrasonic file; and laser activated irrigation (LAI) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of DW, and each irrigant was irradiated with Nd: YAG laser. Fiber posts were luted with SARC, and a push-out test was performed. Data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD test. Results: The bond strength values for the groups obtained were as follows: Control (10.04 MPa), NaOCl+EDTA (11.07 MPa), PUI (11.85 MPa), and LAI (11.63 MPa). No statistically significant differences were found among all experimental groups (p>0.05). The coronal (12.66 MPa) and middle (11.63 MPa) root regions indicated a significantly higher bond strength compared with the apical (9.16 MPa) region (p<0.05). Conclusions: Irrigant activation methods did not increase the bond strength of fiber post to canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/radiation effects , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Post and Core Technique , Lasers, Solid-State , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Reference Values , Sodium Hypochlorite/radiation effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid/radiation effects , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/radiation effects
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180045, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975882

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the efficacy of different sonic and ultrasonic devices in the elimination of debris from canal irregularities in artificial root canals. Materials and Methods A resin model of a transparent radicular canal filled with dentin debris was used. Five groups were tested, namely: Group 1 - ultrasonic insert 15.02; Group 2 - ultrasonic insert 25/25 IRRI K; Group 3 - ultrasonic insert 25/25 IRRI S; Group 4 - sonic insert 20/28 Eddy on a vibrating sonic air-scaler handpiece; Group 5 - 20.02 K-file inserted on a Safety M4 handpiece. Two different irrigants (5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA) and 3 different times of activation (20, 40, and 60 seconds) were tested. Means and standard deviations were calculated and statistically analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (p<0.05). Results No statistically significant differences were found between the two irrigants used. Group 4 removed more debris than the other groups (p<0.05). Groups 1, 2, and 3 removed more debris than group 5 (p<0.05). A statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was found for the time of activation in all groups and at all canal levels, except between 40 and 60 seconds in group 4 at coronal and middle third level (p>0.05). Conclusions No significant differences were found between 5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA. When the time of activation rises, the dentin debris removal increases in all groups. Both sonic and ultrasonic activation demonstrate high capacity for dentin debris removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ultrasonic Therapy/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments/standards , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Reference Values , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Sonication/instrumentation , Sonication/methods , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dentin , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
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