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2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 31-35, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091903

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia is a rarely agentic disorder of the lipoprotein metabolism intimately related to premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease that can lead to high disability and mortality. Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia typically affects not only the aortic root, compromising the coronary ostia, but also affects other territories such as the carotid, descending aorta, and renal arteries. Multi-contrast high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a validated and useful method to characterize carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques quantitatively. However, very few studies have been done on assessing plaque composition in patients with Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia using high-resolution MRI. This report is to evaluate the value of MRI in accessing carotid artery disease in patients with Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. We describe a 28-year-old patient from Beijing, China, who presented to the Neurology Clinic with intermittent blurred vision of the right eye, headache, nausea, and vomiting for eight years without obvious causes. Familial hypercholesterolemia was suspected based on medical history and laboratory examination. Carotid Doppler ultrasound showed bilateral common carotid artery, internal carotid artery, and external carotid artery wall thickening with hyperechoic signals. Subsequently, high-resolution multi-contrast MRI of the carotid showed calcification with hypo-intense areas located at the middle layer of the plaque, with moderate stenosis. The plaque located at the right bifurcation of the common carotid artery extended to the internal carotid artery, causing lumen stenosis close to occlusion. The patient was treated with right carotid artery endarterectomy. At a 6-month follow-up, there had been no recurrence of the patient's symptoms.


RESUMO A hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica, uma doença patogênica rara do metabolismo da lipoproteína intimamente relacionada com a doença cardiovascular aterosclerótica prematura, pode conduzir a uma elevada deficiência e mortalidade. A hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica afeta tipicamente não só a raiz aórtica, comprometendo os óstios coronários, mas também outros territórios, como a carótida, a aorta descendente e as artérias renais. Imagens de ressonância magnética multicontraste de alta resolução (RM) fornecem um método validado e útil para caracterizar quantitativamente as placas de aterosclerose da artéria carótida. No entanto, muito poucos estudos foram feitos sobre a avaliação da composição da placa em doentes com hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica utilizando ressonância magnética de alta resolução. Este trabalho deve avaliar o valor da ressonância magnética no acesso à doença da artéria carótida em doentes com hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica. Descrevemos um paciente de 28 anos de Pequim, China, que se apresentou à clínica neurológica com visão turva intermitente do olho direito, dor de cabeça, náuseas e vômitos por oito anos sem causas aparentes. Suspeitava-se de hipercolesterolemia familiar com base no histórico médico e no exame laboratorial. O ultrassom Doppler carotídeo mostrou uma artéria carótida bilateral comum, artéria carótida interna e parede da carótida externa espessando-se com sinais hiperecoicos. Posteriormente, a ressonância multicontraste de alta resolução da carótida mostrou calcificação com áreas hipointensas localizadas na camada média da placa, com estenose moderada. A placa localizada na bifurcação direita da artéria carótida comum estendia-se até a artéria carótida interna, causando estenose do lúmen próxima à oclusão. O paciente foi tratado com endarterectomia da artéria carótida direita. Em seis meses de acompanhamento, não houve recorrência dos sintomas do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, External/pathology , Carotid Artery, External/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/pathology , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202481, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136536

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Endovascular treatment for femoropopliteal arterial disease has made revascularization procedures less invasive, but the self-expanding stents used can suffer great wear in arteries with extreme mobility. Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of fractures in stents implanted in the femoropopliteal segment, to identify predisposing factors and consequences on arterial patency. Method: between March and June 2019, thirty patients previously operated for femoropopliteal obstruction underwent stent X-rays in anteroposterior and lateral views to detect fractures and Doppler to analyze arterial patency. Results: we observed 12 cases with fractures (33.3%): 1 type I (2.8%), 3 type II (8.3%), 5 type III (13.9%), 3 type IV (8.3%) and no type V. According to the TASC II we had 1 in group B (8.3%), 6 in group C (50%) and 5 in group D (41.6%) p <0.004. The number of stents per limb was 3.1 (± 1.3) in cases of fracture versus 2.3 (± 1.3) in cases without fracture (p = 0.08). The extension was 274.17mm (± 100.94) in cases of fracture and 230.83mm (± 135.44) in cases without fracture (p = 0.29). On Doppler we had: 17 patients (47.2%) without stenosis, 9 patients (25%) with stenosis> 50% and 10 patients (27.8%) with occlusion (p = 0.37). There was no correlation between fracture and arterial obstruction (p = 0.33). Conclusion: stent fractures are a frequent finding in the femoropopliteal area (33.3%), being more prevalent in cases of more advanced disease (C and D). There was no association between the finding of fracture and arterial obstruction.


RESUMO Os tratamentos endovasculares para a doença arterial obstrutiva fêmoro-poplítea tornaram os procedimentos de revascularização menos invasivos, porém os stents metálicos autoexpansíveis utilizados podem sofrer grande desgaste em artérias com extrema mobilidade. Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de fraturas em stents implantados no segmento fêmoro-poplíteo, identificar fatores predisponentes e possíveis consequências sobre a patência arterial. Métodos: entre março a junho de 2019, trinta pacientes previamente operados por obstrução fêmoro-poplítea realizaram RX dos stents em incidências ântero-posterior e perfil para detectar fraturas e eco Doppler para analisar a patência arterial. Resultados: observamos 12 casos com fraturas (33,3%): 1 do tipo I (2,8%), 3 do tipo II (8,3%), 5 do tipo III (13,9%), 3 do tipo IV (8,3%) e nenhuma tipo V. Segundo a classificação TASC II, tivemos 1 no grupo B (8,3%), 6 no grupo C (50%) e 5 no grupo D (41,6%) p<0,004. O número de stents por membro foi de 3,1 (±1,3) nos casos de fratura contra 2,3 (±1,3) nos casos sem fratura (p = 0,08). A extensão tratada foi 274,17mm (±100,94) nos casos de fratura e 230,83mm (±135,44) nos casos sem fratura (p=0,29). No Doppler tivemos: 17 pacientes (47,2%) sem estenose, 9 pacientes (25%) com estenose>50% e 10 pacientes (27,8%) com oclusão (p=0,37). Não houve correlação entre fratura e obstrução arterial (p=0,33). Conclusão: as fraturas de stents são um achado frequente no setor fêmoro-poplíteo (33,3%) sendo mais prevalentes nos casos de doença mais avançada TASC II C e D. Não houve associação entre o achado de fratura e obstrução arterial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Popliteal Artery , Prosthesis Failure , Stents , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/therapy , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Prosthesis Design , Vascular Patency , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Leg/blood supply
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 473-475, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038301

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini is a skin disorder affecting dermal collagen and is clinically characterized by well-defined plaques of depressed skin. Histopathological changes are subtle, and in most cases, the diagnosis requires a comparative study with healthy skin from the same anatomical site. High frequency ultrasound is a useful imaging method for diagnosis of atrophic skin changes. A case is presented in which ultrasound can support the clinical and the histopathological diagnosis of atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Dermis/pathology , Dermis/diagnostic imaging , Atrophy/pathology , Atrophy/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Early Diagnosis
5.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 83(1): 34-41, mar. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003288

ABSTRACT

Los ataques cerebrovasculares (ACV), representan un problema mayor en salud y son una causa importante de discapacidad en todo el mundo. La estenosis u oclusión carotídea aterosclerótica causa alrededor del 20% de las isquemias cerebrovasculares.¹ Los ACV en los enfermos con estenosis carotídea se producen, en la mayoría de los casos, por la aparición de embolismos distales de trombo formado en la placa, oclusión trombótica aguda debido a rotura de la placa, o bien secundarios a las alteraciones hemodinámicas atribuibles a la estenosis, la cual produce disminución de la perfusión cerebral por el hipoflujo, en casos de estenosis críticas o suboclusivas. El tratamiento de la patología carotídea ha evolucionado de forma considerable a lo largo de los últimos años. Existen dos tratamientos invasivos para la estenosis carotídea significativa, que consisten en el abordaje quirúrgico con endarterectomía o tratamiento por vía percutánea con angioplastia y colocación de stent. En nuestra institución se realizaron, en el periodo comprendido entre marzo de 2013 y junio de 2017, aproximadamente 100 angioplastias carotídeas con colocación de stent. Todas fueron valoradas con ecografía Doppler color (EDC) al mes, a los seis meses y al año (en casos no complicados). En esta revisión bibliográfica es nuestra intención desarrollar las indicaciones, aplicaciones, hallazgos normales y patológicos en el examen de EDC en la evaluación de un paciente con stent carotídeo.


Acute stroke represents a major problem in health and is a major cause of disability worldwide. Atherosclerotic carotid stenosis or occlusion causes around 20% of cerebrovascular ischemias.¹ Stroke in patients with carotid stenosis occurs, in most cases, due to embolisms of thrombus formed in the plaque, acute thrombotic occlusion due to rupture of the plaque, or secondary to hemodynamic alterations, attributable to stenosis, which produces decreased cerebral perfusion by low flow, in cases of critical or sub occlusive stenosis. The treatment of carotid disease has evolved considerably over recent years. There are two invasive treatments for significant carotid stenosis, which consist of the surgical approach with endarterectomy or percutaneous treatment with angioplasty and stenting. In our institution, in the period between March 2013 and June 2017, ~100 carotid angioplasties with stent placement were performed. All were assessed with color Doppler ultrasound (DUS) at month, six months and one year (in non complicated cases). In this literature review it is our intention to develop the indications, applications, normal and pathological findings in the DUS examination in the evaluation of a patient with carotid stent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Stents , Carotid Stenosis/drug therapy , Angioplasty , Stroke/complications
7.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 170-173, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910876

ABSTRACT

Os aneurismas venosos são raros, sendo na maioria das vezes diagnosticados de forma incidental. Os aneurismas de veia poplítea são os mais comuns entre os aneurismas venosos e apresentam uma forte associação com a ocorrência de trombose venosa profunda e embolia pulmonar recorrente. O presente estudo descreve dois casos de aneurisma de veia poplítea associados a trombose venosa profunda.


Venous aneurysms are rare and often diagnosed incidentally. Popliteal vein aneurysms are the most common type of venous aneurysms and have a strong association with the occurrence of deep vein thrombosis and recurrent pulmonary embolism. This article reports two cases of popliteal vein aneurysms associated with deep vein thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Popliteal Vein/physiopathology , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
9.
Clinics ; 70(12): 797-803, Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769709

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the flow of retrobulbar vessels in retinoblastoma by color Doppler imaging. METHODS: A prospective study of monocular retinoblastoma treated by enucleation between 2010 and 2014. The examination comprised fundoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography and color Doppler imaging. The peak blood velocities in the central retinal artery and central retinal vein of tumor-containing eyes (tuCRAv and tuCRVv, respectively) were assessed. The velocities were compared with those for normal eyes (nlCRAv and nlCRVv) and correlated with clinical and pathological findings. Tumor dimensions in the pathological sections were compared with those in magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography and were correlated with tuCRAv and tuCRVv. In tumor-containing eyes, the resistivity index in the central retinal artery and the pulse index in the central retinal vein were studied in relation to all variables. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were included. Comparisons between tuCRAv and nlCRAv and between tuCRVv and nlCRVv revealed higher velocities in tumor-containing eyes (p <0.001 for both), with a greater effect in the central retinal artery than in the central retinal vein (p =0.024). Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography measurements were as reliable as pathology assessments (p =0.675 and p =0.375, respectively). A positive relationship was found between tuCRAv and the tumor volume (p =0.027). The pulse index in the central retinal vein was lower in male patients (p =0.017) and in eyes with optic nerve invasion (p =0.0088). CONCLUSIONS: TuCRAv and tuCRVv are higher in tumor-containing eyes than in normal eyes. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography measurements are reliable. The tumor volume is correlated with a higher tuCRAv and a reduced pulse in the central retinal vein is correlated with male sex and optic nerve invasion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Retinal Artery/physiopathology , Retinal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Retinal Vein/physiopathology , Retinoblastoma/physiopathology , Blood Flow Velocity , Eye Enucleation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness/physiopathology , Optic Nerve Neoplasms/blood supply , Optic Nerve Neoplasms/pathology , Optic Nerve Neoplasms/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Retinal Artery/pathology , Retinal Artery , Retinal Neoplasms/blood supply , Retinal Neoplasms/pathology , Retinal Vein/pathology , Retinal Vein , Retinoblastoma/blood supply , Retinoblastoma/pathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tumor Burden , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 320-322, Sep.-Oct. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761521

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTThe purpose is to document a case of persistent hiperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) with atypical Bergmeister's papilla and patent hialoid artery that had its conclusive diagnosis done by doppler ultrasound. We report a case of child, who had unilateral leucokoria. This child's fundoscopic examination showed a white mass on the optic nerve that extended over to adjacent retina. Performed ultrasound that remained a doubt with the following diagnostic hypotheses: persistent hiperplastic primary vitreous, granuloma (toxocara), astrocytic hamartoma and retinoblastoma. The diagnosis was only established when the doppler ultrasound showed a blood flow inside of the membrane, thus confirming the diagnosis of persistent hiperplastic primary vitreous associated with the Bergmeister'spapilla.


RESUMOO objetivo é documentar um caso de persistência hiperplásica do vítreo primário (PHPV) com papila de Bergmeister atípica e artéria hialóide pérvia que teve seu diagnóstico conclusivo feito pelo exame ultrassonográfico com Doppler colorido. Relatamos um caso de uma criança com leucocoria unilateral, apresentando massa branca sobre o disco óptico observada à fundoscopia, que se estendia à retina adjacente. Após a realização do exame ultrassonográfico foi mantida a dúvida com as seguintes hipóteses diagnósticas: persistência hiperplásica do vítreo primário, granuloma (toxocaríase) e retinoblastoma. O diagnóstico foi estabelecido após a utilização do Doppler colorido que evidenciou fluxo sanguíneo no interior da membrana, confirmando o diagnóstico de persistência hiperplásica do vítreo primário associada à papila de Bergmeister.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous , Diagnosis, Differential , Optic Disk/pathology , Optic Disk , Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous/pathology , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Vitreous Body/pathology , Vitreous Body
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(3): 211-216, July-Sep. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-763073

ABSTRACT

Há diferenças individuais no diâmetro da veia safena magna (VSM) em membros normais e doentes; sendo possível a identificação dessas alterações pelo ecocolor Doppler.ObjetivoAvaliar a associação da aplasia segmentar da VSM com a presença de varizes e/ou insuficiência da mesma em membros inferiores, usando o ecocolor Doppler em pacientes com clínica de doença venosa crônica (DVC).Métodos1.408 pacientes com queixas compatíveis de DVC de membros inferiores, sendo 1.286 do sexo feminino, com idade entre 17 e 85 anos, examinados com ecocolor Doppler. Foram incluídos aqueles com classificação CEAP clínica C0 a C4. Pela avaliação clínica, a amostra foi distribuída em grupo A, pacientes com varizes, e grupo B, aqueles sem varizes. O ecocolor Doppler determinou se havia aplasia da VSM pela análise do seu trajeto no compartimento safeno e presença de veias varicosas nos diferentes sítios. Para estatística, foram considerados os testes Qui-quadrado ou Exato de Fisher e uma análise de resíduos em tabelas, com nível de significância de 5%.ResultadosNo grupo A houve 479 (83,9%) de VSM insuficientes, 169 (38,2%) com aplasia e 71 (80,7%) com insuficiência e aplasia associadas. No grupo B, houve 92 (16,1%) de VSM insuficientes, 273 (61,8%) com aplasia e 17 (19,3%) com insuficiência e aplasia associadas.ConclusãoA aplasia segmentar da VSM ocorre mais em membros inferiores que não apresentam varizes e/ou insuficiência da mesma, mas considerando-se a presença da associação de aplasia e insuficiência, houve maior incidência no grupo de membros que apresentavam varizes.


There are individual differences in the diameter of the great saphenous vein (GSV) in both normal and non-functional limbs and it is possible to identify these differences using color Doppler ultrasonography.ObjectivesTo assess the association between segmental GSV aplasia and the presence of varicose veins and/or GSV insufficiency in lower limbs using color Doppler ultrasonography, in patients with chronic venous disease (CVD).MethodsA total of 1,408 patients with complaints compatible with CVD of lower limbs were examined using color Doppler ultrasonography. The age range of the sample was from 17 to 85 and 1,286 of the patients were female. People with clinical classifications (CEAP) ranging from C0 to C4 were included. On the basis of clinical examination, the sample was subdivided as follows: group A patients had varicose veins and group B patients were free from varicose veins. Color Doppler ultrasonography was used to determine whether there was GSV aplasia, by analysis of its route into the saphenous compartment, and the presence of varicose veins in different sites. Statistical analysis was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher’s exact tests followed by an analysis of residuals in tables, with a 5% significance level.ResultsIn group A, there were 479 (83.9%) patients with GSV insufficiency, 169 (38.2%) with aplasia and 71 (80.7%) with both insufficiency and aplasia. In group B, there were 92 (16.1%) patients with GSV insufficiency, 273 (61.8%) with aplasia and 17 (19.3%) with both insufficiency and aplasia.ConclusionSegmental GSV aplasia was more common in lower limbs with no varicose veins and/or insufficiency, but there was a higher incidence of patients with both aplasia and insufficiency in the group with varicose veins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Venous Insufficiency/etiology , Varicose Veins/diagnosis , Varicose Veins , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lower Extremity , Time Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(2): 145-152, Apr.-June 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-756464

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy plays a major role in treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, providing clinical and hemodynamic improvement to patients undergoing treatment.OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between venous refilling time and impact of venous disease on quality of life and between changes in venous refilling time and improvement of symptoms after ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy for chronic venous insufficiency. METHODS: Thirty-two patients classified as C4, C5 or C6 answered a questionnaire on quality of life and symptoms and their venous filling time was measured using photoplethysmography before and 45 days after treatment of chronic venous insufficiency with ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy.RESULTS: Statistically significant improvements were observed in quality of life scores and in venous filling time and in the following symptoms: aching, heavy legs, restless legs, swelling, burning sensations, and throbbing (p<0.0001). A similar improvement was also seen in the work and social domains of quality of life (p<0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: As confirmed by questionnaire scores and venous refilling times, ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy demonstrated efficacy and resulted in high satisfaction levels and low rates of major complications.


CONTEXTO: A escleroterapia com espuma guiada por ultrassom (EGUS) ocupa lugar de destaque no tratamento da insuficiência venosa crônica (IVC), proporcionando melhora clínica e hemodinâmica aos pacientes submetidos ao tratamento.OBJETIVOS: Verificar a correlação entre dados obtidos por questionário de qualidade de vida e de sintomas com dados obtidos por fotopletismografia (FPG), antes e depois do tratamento por escleroterapia com espuma guiada por ultrassom (EGUS) da insuficiência venosa crônica (IVC). MÉTODOS: Um grupo de 32 pacientes, classificados como C4, C5 e C6, foi submetido à aplicação de questionário de qualidade de vida e sintomas, sendo aferido o tempo de enchimento venoso (TEV) por FPG antes e 45 dias depois do tratamento da IVC através de EGUS. O teste do sinal foi utilizado para análise estatística da melhora dos escores dos questionários e do TEV. O teste de McNemar foi utilizado para avaliação da melhora nos sintomas e do impacto do tratamento nas atividades laborais e sociais dos pacientes.RESULTADOS: Houve melhora nos escores dos questionários de qualidade de vida e no TEV, com significância estatística (p<0,0001). Houve melhora estatisticamente significativa nos sintomas: dor, cansaço, edema, queimação, pernas inquietas e latejamento (p<0,0001). Incremento na qualidade laboral e social após o tratamento apresentou melhora estatisticamente significativa (p<0,0001). Não ocorreram complicações maiores ou efeitos adversos nesta série.CONCLUSÕES: A EGUS mostrou-se eficaz, com alto índice de satisfação e baixas taxas de complicacões maiores, ratificada pelos escores dos questionários e pelos TEVs aferidos pela FPG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sclerotherapy/methods , Photoplethysmography/methods , Venous Insufficiency/therapy , Quality of Life , Lower Extremity , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistical Analysis , Sclerosing Solutions/therapeutic use , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Varicose Veins
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(5): 470-476, May 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759383

ABSTRACT

Two ultrasound based fertility prediction methods were tested prior to embryo transfer (ET) and artificial insemination (AI) in cattle. Female bovines were submitted to estrous synchronization prior to ET and AI. Animals were scanned immediately before ET and AI procedure to target follicle and corpus luteum (CL) size and vascularity. In addition, inseminated animals were also scanned eleven days after insemination to target CL size and vascularity. All data was compared with fertility by using gestational diagnosis 35 days after ovulation. Prior to ET, CL vascularity showed a positive correlation with fertility, and no pregnancy occurred in animals with less than 40% of CL vascularity. Prior to AI and also eleven days after AI, no relationship with fertility was seen in all parameters analyzed (follicle and CL size and vascularity), and contrary, cows with CL vascularity greater than 70% exhibit lower fertility. In inseminated animals, follicle size and vascularity was positive related with CL size and vascularity, as shown by the presence of greater CL size and vascularity originated from follicle with also greater size and vascularity. This is the first time that ultrasound based fertility prediction methods were tested prior to ET and AI and showed an application in ET, but not in AI programs. Further studies are needed including hormone profile evaluation to improve conclusion.


Duas técnicas de predição de fertilidade, baseadas em ultrassonografia, foram testadas no momento da transferência de embriões (TE) e inseminação artificial (IA) em bovinos. Fêmeas bovinas foram submetidas a protocolos de sincronização de estro para TE e IA. Os animais foram escaneados por ultrassonografia imediatamente antes do procedimento de TE e IA para identificar o tamanho e vascularização do folículo e corpo lúteo (CL). Além disso, os animais inseminados foram escaneados onze dias após a inseminação para identificar o tamanho e vascularização do CL. Todos os dados foram comparados com a fertilidade utilizando-se do diagnóstico gestacional 35 dias após a ovulação. No momento da TE, a vascularização do CL apresentou-se positivamente relacionada com a fertilidade, sendo que animais com menos de 40% de vascularização do CL não ficaram gestantes. No momento da IA, assim como onze dias após a IA, nenhuma relação foi encontrada entre fertilidade e os parâmetros analizados (tamanho e vascularização do folículo e CL), enquanto que contrariamente, houve uma queda na fertilidade em vacas com vascularização do CL acima de 70%. Nos animais inseminados, o tamanho e vascularização do folículo foi positivamente relacionado ao tamanho e vascularização do CL, demonstrado pela presença de um CL maior e mais vascularizado proveniente de um folículo maior e mais vascularizado. O presente estudo é o primeiro a mostrar métodos de predição de fertilidade baseados em ultrassonografia no momento da IA e TE, demonstrando uma aplicabilidade prática no momento da TE. Novos estudos são necessários para suportar os resultados mostrados, incluindo análises hormonais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Corpus Luteum , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Fertilization in Vitro/veterinary , Insemination, Artificial/instrumentation , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/veterinary , Fertility , Ovarian Follicle/embryology , Ovarian Follicle , Pregnancy Rate , Pregnancy, Animal , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Embryo Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Embryo Transfer/methods , Embryo Transfer/veterinary
14.
Clinics ; 70(1): 1-6, 1/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound with a second-generation contrast agent in distinguishing between occlusion and pseudo-occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery, comparing it with that of conventional Doppler ultrasound and the gold standard, computed tomography angiography. METHOD: Between June 2006 and June 2012, we screened 72 symptomatic vascular surgery outpatients at a public hospital. Among those patients, 78 cervical internal carotid arteries were previously classified as occluded by Doppler ultrasound (without contrast). The patients were examined again with Doppler ultrasound, as well as with contrast-enhanced ultrasound and computed tomography angiography. The diagnosis was based on the presence or absence of flow. RESULTS: Among the 78 cervical internal carotid arteries identified as occluded by Doppler ultrasound, occlusion was confirmed by computed tomography angiography in only 57 (73.1%), compared with 59 (77.5%) for which occlusion was confirmed by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (p>0.5 vs. computed tomography angiography). Comparing contrast-enhanced ultrasound with Doppler ultrasound, we found that the proportion of cervical internal carotid arteries classified as occluded was 24.4% higher when the latter was used (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, in making the differential diagnosis between occlusion and pseudo-occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery, contrast-enhanced ultrasound with a second-generation contrast agent is significantly more effective than conventional Doppler ultrasound and is equally as effective as the gold standard (computed tomography angiography). Our findings suggest that contrast-enhanced ultrasound could replace computed tomography angiography in this regard. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Contrast Media , Carotid Artery, Internal , Carotid Artery, Internal , Carotid Stenosis , Carotid Stenosis , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Angiography/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
15.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 144-149, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109961

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine effectiveness of Valsalva maneuver and standing position on scrotal color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) for the varicocele diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the physical examination and CDU finding in 87 patients who visited National Police Hospital from January 2011 to April 2014. Diameters of pampiniform plexus were measured bilaterally during resting and Valsalva maneuver in the supine position and standing position. We calculated the ratio of mean of maximal vein diameter (mMVD) during resting and Valsalva maneuver (resting-Valsalva ratio) and compared in the both position. RESULTS: In the resting and supine position, mMVD of varicocele testis units were 1.8 mm, 2.1 mm, 2.6 mm (grades I, II, III, respectively), and that of normal testis units (NTU) 1.2 mm. During Valsalva maneuver in the supine position, mMVD were 3.0 mm, 3.4 mm, 4.2 mm (grades I, II, III) vs 1.8 mm (NTU) (p=0.007, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). Average of resting-Valsalva ratio in the supine position were 0.69, 0.74, 0.74 (grades I, II, III) and 0.67 (NTU). Whereas in the resting and standing position, mMVD were 2.8 mm, 3.3 mm, 3.8 mm (grades I, II, III) and 1.8 mm (NTU) (p=0.002, p<0.001, p<0.001). During Valsalva maneuver in the standing position, mMVD were 5.0 mm, 5.8 mm, 6.6 mm (grades I, II, III) and 2.5 mm (NTU) (p=0.002, p<0.001, p<0.001). And average resting-Valsalva ratio were 0.76, 0.90, 0.71 (grades I, II, III) and 0.26 (NTU), which showed significant differences from all grades (p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested that the standing position and Valsalva maneuver during CDU could improve diagnostic ability for varicocele. Resting-Valsalva ratio in the standing position could be a new diagnostic index for varicocele diagnosis using CDU.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Positioning/methods , Physical Examination/methods , Posture/physiology , Scrotum/diagnostic imaging , Supine Position/physiology , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Valsalva Maneuver , Varicocele/diagnostic imaging , Veins/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 60(6): 538-541, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736310

ABSTRACT

Background: central nervous system (CNS) hyperperfusion is one of the events that constitute the pathophysiological basis for the clinical manifestations and complications of pre-eclampsia (PE). Detecting the increased flow in the CNS through Doppler flowmetry of the ophthalmic artery might precede the clinical onset of PE and could be used as a marker for subsequent development of PE. Objective: to evaluate the ophthalmic artery resistive index (OARI) values in the second trimester of pregnancy for prediction of the clinical manifestations of PE. Objective: to evaluate the ophthalmic artery resistive index (OARI) values in the second trimester of pregnancy for prediction of the clinical manifestations of PE. Methods: a total of 73 patients with risk factors for the development of PE were selected from the prenatal service at the HC-UFMG. They were submitted to ophthalmic artery Doppler flowmetry between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy and monitored until the end of the pregnancy to verify the occurrence of PE. ROC curves were created to determine the predictive characteristics of the OARI. Results: fourteen of the patients selected developed PE and 59 remained normotensive until the postpartum period. Patients with subsequent development of PE presented OARI values lower than patients that remained normotensive (0.682±0.028 X 0.700±0.029, p=0.044). Considering the development of PE as an outcome, the area under the OARI curve was 0.694 (CI 0.543 to 0.845), with no points obtaining good values of sensitivity or specificity. Conclusion: Doppler flowmetry of ophthalmic arteries between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy did not present itself as a good exam for predicting PE. .


Introdução: a hiperperfusão do sistema nervoso central (SNC) é um dos eventos que constitui substrato fisiopatológico para as manifestações clínicas e complicações da pré-eclâmpsia (PE). O fluxo aumentado no SNC, detectado por meio da dopplerfluxometria de artérias oftálmicas, poderia anteceder as manifestações clínicas da PE e, consequentemente, ser utilizado como marcador de subsequente desenvolvimento de PE. Objectivo: avaliar os valores do índice de resistência das artérias oftálmicas (Irao) no segundo trimestre gestacional para a predição das manifestações clínicas da PE. Métodos: pacientes com fatores de risco para desenvolvimento de PE foram selecionadas no serviço de pré-natal do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (HC-UFMG). Elas foram submetidas à dopplerfluxometria de artérias oftálmicas entre 24 e 28 semanas de gestação e acompanhadas até o final da gestação para averiguar a ocorrência de PE. Curvas ROC foram criadas para determinar as características preditivas do Irao. Resultados: das pacientes selecionadas, 14 desenvolveram PE e 59 mantiveram-se normotensas até o puerpério. Pacientes com subsequente desenvolvimento de PE apresentaram valores de Irao menores do que pacientes que se mantiveram normotensas (0,682±0,028 vs. 0,700±0,029, p=0,044). Ao considerar o desenvolvimento de PE como desfecho, a área sobre a curva do Irao foi de 0,694 (IC 0,543-0,845), sem pontos com bons valores de sensibilidade ou especificidade. Conclusão: a dopplerfluxometria de artérias oftálmicas entre 24 e 28 semanas de gestação não se demonstrou um bom exame para a predição de PE. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Hemorheology/physiology , Ophthalmic Artery/physiology , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Blood Pressure/physiology , Gestational Age , Ophthalmic Artery , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Prognosis , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vascular Resistance/physiology
17.
Rev. argent. ultrason ; 13(4): 317-324, dic. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-763814

ABSTRACT

La exploración de los ejes carotideo y vertebral resulta sencilla técnicamente, con un aprendizaje relativamente rápido para el que inicia la actividad, especialmente si se establecen protocolos de exámenes estandarizados y fácilmente reproducibles. El objetivo de la sistematización en los servicios de Doppler vascular es que los exámenes realizados por distintos operadores sean similares en cuanto a la técnica y la terminología del informe; a nivel docente la sistematización ofrece al neófito una metodología clara a seguir con el fin de completar las evaluaciones y solidificar el proceso de aprendizaje.


Subject(s)
Vertebral Artery/anatomy & histology , Vertebral Artery , Carotid Arteries/anatomy & histology , Carotid Arteries , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/instrumentation , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Blood Vessels
18.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 43(3): 386-393, jul.-set. 2014. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-731010

ABSTRACT

Paciente de 22 años de edad con antecedentes de salud. Hacía un mes se le había practicado una hernioplastia inguinal izquierda, y aproximadamente dos semanas después, comenzó a presentar aumento de volumen y dolor en el dorso del pene, tanto al tacto como con la erección. Al examen físico se constató, que la vena dorsal superficial del pene estaba aumentada de volumen, de color rojizo y dolorosa a la palpación. En el ultrasonido doppler-color peniano, se comprobó el engrosamiento de la pared de dicha vena, trombosis de esta, disminución del flujo sanguíneo, así como dolor al contacto del transductor. Se le indicó reposo sexual, tratamiento con antiinflamatorios no esteroideos y corticoides orales, además de iontoforesis local con pomada de heparina sódica. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente, con la desaparición del dolor y la recanalización de la vena dorsal del pene. La aparición de la tromboflebitis de Mondor del pene, con posterioridad a una hernioplastia inguinal, es excepcional. Su sospecha clínica más la confirmación con el ultrasonido doppler-color, son pilares básicos para el diagnóstico de certeza. El tratamiento conservador ofrece óptimos resultados.


A male patient aged 22 years with a history of health problems. One month before, he had undergone left inguinal hernioplasty, but two weeks after surgery, he began suffering pain in the back of the penis together with increased volume, both on touch and at erect state. The physical examination revealed that the superficial dorsal vein of the penis was more swollen, red-colored and painful on palpation. Doppler-color ultrasound of the penis confirmed thickening of the vein wall, thrombosis, lower blood flow and patient's feeling of pain when the transducer touched it. He was prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs plus oral corticosteroids, cessation of sexual intercourse, in addition to local ionphoresis with sodium heparin ointment. The patient's progression was satisfactory since pain disappeared and the dorsal vein of the penis was re-canalized. Mondor's thrombophlebitis of the penis rarely occurs after inguinal hernioplasty. Clinical suspicion plus Doppler-color US confirmation are basic pillars for a correct diagnosis. The conservative treatment offers optimal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Penile Diseases/complications , Thrombophlebitis/diagnosis , Balanitis/complications , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Organ Sparing Treatments/adverse effects , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(5): 828-831, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720789

ABSTRACT

The recent development of high-frequency ultrasound, associated with the improved sensitivity in color Doppler, enabled the identification of various skin structures and layers. In basal cell carcinoma, the 22 MHz frequency ultrasound permits the delimitation of tumor margins, while color Doppler, determines its vascularization. We present two cases in which the association of both exams allowed an in vivo analysis of the tumor's morphology, size, thickness and vascularization, thus contributing to a better pre-operative evaluation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Dermoscopy/methods , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Preoperative Period , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Burden
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