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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 581-587, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042051

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of carotid artery stenosis (CAS) using carotid duplex ultrasound in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2017 and January 2018 and included 166 consecutive patients [130 males (78.31%), 36 females (21.69%); mean age: 64.25±9.78 years] who underwent elective and isolated CABG. Patients who had significant CAS (≥50% stenosis) were compared with patients who had non-significant CAS (<50% stenosis). Logistic regression analysis was applied across the selected parameters to identify risk factors for significant CAS. Results: Of all patients, 36 (21.68%) had CAS ≥50% and 8 (4.81%) had unilateral carotid stenosis ≥70%. Carotid endarterectomy/CABG was performed simultaneously in five (3.01%) patients. None of these patients had cardiac and neurological problems during the postoperative period. The overall incidence of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after CABG was 1.20% (n=2). Age (P=0.011) and history of CVA (P=0.035) were significantly higher in the CAS ≥50 group than in the CAS <50 group. Significant CAS was identified as a risk factor for postoperative CVA (P=0.013). Conclusion: Age and history of CVA were identified as risk factors for significant CAS. Furthermore, significant CAS was identified as a risk factor for postoperative CVA. For this reason, carotid screening is recommended for patients undergoing CABG even in the absence of associated risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Endarterectomy, Carotid/adverse effects , Endarterectomy, Carotid/methods , Carotid Stenosis/etiology , Stroke/etiology , Preoperative Period
2.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(3): e484, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093659

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las malformaciones congénitas, como defectos estructurales primarios de un órgano, parte de él o de zonas más extensas del organismo, resultan de una alteración inherente en el desarrollo, que se hace evidente al examen físico del feto y del recién nacido, antes o posterior al nacimiento, cuando se hace patente el defecto funcional de un órgano interno afectado anatómicamente. Objetivo: Caracterizar las malformaciones congénitas renales fetales diagnosticadas por ultrasonografía bidimensional, atendidas durante 2015 y 2016. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo en el Centro Provincial de Genética Médica de Santiago de Cuba. Se seleccionó la muestra por el método aleatorio simple para un total de 59 gestantes (34 de 2015 y 25 de 2016), a las que se les diagnosticó algún tipo de malformación congénita renal embriofetal. Resultados: La malformación congénita renal que predominó fue la hidronefrosis, seguida de riñón poliquístico. En los hallazgos morfológicos por ecosonografía predominaron las afecciones del parénquima renal. El sexo fetal de mayor incidencia fue el masculino. La edad gestacional donde incidieron las afecciones renales en gestantes fue de 25 y más semanas, con edad materna entre 20 y 35 años, sin reportar factores genéticos. Los factores de riesgo externos de origen materno que más incidieron fueron la hipertensión arterial, el hábito de fumar y la diabetes. Conclusiones: Se mostraron los principales hallazgos morfológicos ultrasonográficos de los diferentes tipos de malformaciones congénitas renales encontradas, así como se identificaron los diferentes factores de riesgo presentes en las embarazadas. Se observó un predominio de las gestantes a temprana edad con hidronefrosis como el tipo de malformación congénita más frecuente(AU)


Introduction: Congenital malformations, as primary structural defects of an organ, part of it or larger areas of the organism, result from an inherent alteration in development, which is evident from the physical examination of the fetus and the newborn, before or after birth, when the functional defect of an anatomically affected internal organ becomes apparent. Objective: To characterize fetal renal congenital malformations diagnosed by two-dimensional ultrasonography during 2015 and 2016. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was conducted at the Provincial Center of Medical Genetics in Santiago de Cuba. The sample was selected by simple random method for a total of 59 pregnant women (34 from 2015 and 25 from 2016). They were diagnosed with some type of embryo-fetal renal congenital malformation. Results: The congenital renal malformation that predominated was hydronephrosis, followed by polycystic kidney. In the morphological findings by echocardiography, renal parenchymal conditions predominated. Male fetal sex had the highest incidence. The gestational age where renal conditions affected pregnant women was 25 weeks and more, with maternal age ranging 20 and 35 years, without reporting genetic factors. Smoking and diabetes were the external risk factors of maternal origin that most affected high blood pressure. Conclusions: The main ultrasonographic morphological findings of the different types of congenital renal malformations found were shown, as well as the different risk factors present in pregnant women. A predominance of pregnant women at early age with hydronephrosis was observed as the most common type of congenital malformation(AU)


Subject(s)
Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/epidemiology , Hydronephrosis/epidemiology , Kidney/abnormalities , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/methods
3.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(4): 350-356, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286517

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad carotídea aterosclerosa (ECA) es un factor de riesgo importante para enfermedad vascular cerebral. Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre factores de riesgo vascular mayores con ECA y leucopatía cerebral en pacientes sin historia de ictus isquémico. Método: Se evaluaron factores de riesgo en sujetos con exploración de carótidas mediante ultrasonografía Doppler dúplex. No se incluyeron casos con historia de infarto cerebral o ataque isquémico transitorio. Los sujetos contaron con resonancia magnética cerebral y se excluyeron aquellos con lesiones isquémicas de grandes vasos. Se construyeron modelos multivariable para la predicción de ECA, estenosis carotídea significativa, carga de ateromas y leucopatía cerebral. Resultados: Se estudiaron 145 sujetos (60.7 % mujeres, edad de 73 años). Se documentó ECA en 54.5 %, estenosis carotídea ≥ 50 % en 9 %, carga de placas de ateroma > 6 en 7.6 % y leucopatía periventricular o subcortical en 28.3 % (20.6 % tenían concurrentemente ECA y leucopatía). Los factores asociados independientemente con ECA fueron edad e hipertensión; con estenosis ≥ 50 %, hipertensión; con cargas de ateromas > 6 placas, edad; con leucopatía, edad, diabetes e hipertensión. La obesidad no se asoció con las variables independientes analizadas. Conclusiones: En los sujetos asintomáticos sin historia de ictus isquémico, la edad y la hipertensión fueron los factores de riesgo más importantes para enfermedad macrovascular. La diabetes mellitus se asoció con enfermedad microvascular. La obesidad por sí sola no fue un determinante mayor de ECA o leucopatía cerebral.


Abstract Introduction: Atherosclerotic carotid artery disease (CAD) is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular disease. Objective: To analyze the association of major vascular risk factors with atherosclerotic CAD and white matter disease (WMD) in patients without a history of ischemic stroke. Method: Risk factors were assessed with carotid examination using Doppler duplex ultrasound. Cases with a history cerebral infarction or transient ischemic attack were not included. Subjects had brain magnetic resonance imaging scans available and those with large-artery ischemic lesions were excluded. Multivariate models were constructed for the prediction of atherosclerotic CAD, significant carotid stenosis, atheroma burden and WMD. Results: One-hundred and forty-five subjects were assessed (60.7% were females, mean age was 73 years). Atherosclerotic CAD was documented in 54.5%, carotid stenosis ≥ 50% in 9.0%, > 6 atheroma plaques in 7.6%, and periventricular or subcortical WMD in 28.3% (20.6% had atherosclerotic CAD and WMD concurrently). Risk factors independently associated with atherosclerotic CAD were age and hypertension; hypertension was associated with ≥ 50% carotid stenosis; age was associated with > 6 atheroma plaques; and age, diabetes and hypertension were associated with WMD. Obesity was not associated with any of the analyzed independent variables. Conclusions: In asymptomatic subjects without a history of ischemic stroke, age and hypertension were the most important risk factors for macrovascular disease. Diabetes mellitus was associated with microvascular disease. Obesity alone was not a major determinant of CAD or WMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carotid Artery Diseases/epidemiology , Carotid Stenosis/epidemiology , Leukoencephalopathies/epidemiology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/epidemiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
4.
West Afr. j. radiol ; 26(1): 1-8, 2019.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1273547

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious global health problem with grave socioeconomic impact and debilitating complications especially diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study evaluated the usefulness of renal parenchymal and vascular sonography among three groups-diabetics with nephropathy, diabetes with no evidence of nephropathy and nondiabetics. Materials and Methods: The renal volume, parenchymal changes, and intrarenal vascular indices of three groups of participants (Group A - Diabetic with nephropathy; Group B - diabetic without nephropathy; and Group C - nondiabetic controls) were assessed using B-mode and Duplex ultrasonography. Results: The difference in the means of resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) in the diabetic patients (Group A and Group B) was significantly higher compared to the controls (RI mean ± standard deviation [SD]: Group A diabetic patients, 0.71 ± 0.11 cm3; Group B diabetics, 0.68 ± 0.08 cm3; controls, 0.62 ± 0.07 cm3; P < 0.0001); (PI ± SD: Group A diabetic patients, 1.22 ± 0.25 cm3; Group B diabetics, 1.16 ± 0.29 cm3; controls, 1.03 ± 0.23 cm3; P = 0.003). The mean renal volume among DM patients (Group A and Group B) were higher than in nondiabetic controls, (mean renal volume ± SD: Group A DM patients with nephropathy, 13.99 ± 3.95 cm3, the diabetic group without DM patients 13.39 ± 4.59 cm3, controls 12.05 ± 3.39 cm3). Conclusion: This study showed that renal RI and PI were significantly increased in patients with diabetes than in healthy controls with a trend of increase from controls to DM without nephropathy to DM with nephropathy. Duplex ultrasonography is useful for the clinical evaluation of diabetes and DN. 13.95 + 7.02% VS 8.20 + 4.19% P = 0.000


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies , Nigeria , Socioeconomic Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224473

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that a higher resistive index (RI) on renal duplex ultrasonography was related with renal progression and acute kidney injury, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) using an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor antagonist (ARB). We evaluated whether a RI value is a predictive factor for renal progression regardless of ACEI or ARB medication in patients with moderate renal dysfunction. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 119 patients with moderate renal dysfunction that had been evaluated with renal duplex ultrasonography from February 2011 to April 2015. Moderate renal dysfunction was defined as a stage 3 to 4 CKD. Renal progression was defined as a doubling of the baseline serum creatinine (sCr), a decrease of baseline glomerular filtration rate by > 50%, or initiation of renal replacement therapy. RESULTS: The mean age was 64.7 ± 11.0 years and sCr level was 2.1 ± 1.2 mg/dL. The RI ≥ 0.79 group showed a higher incidence of renal progression (P = 0.004, log-rank test) compared with the RI < 0.79 group, irrespective of ACEI or ARB usage. In the Cox proportional hazard model, RI ≥ 0.79 was an independent prognostic factor after adjusting for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, sCr, proteinuria, and use of ACEI or ARB (hazard ratio, 4.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.06–22.53; P = 0.043). CONCLUSION: RI ≥ 0.79 on the renal duplex ultrasonography can be a helpful predictor for renal progression in patients with moderate renal dysfunction, regardless of their ACEI or ARB usage.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Angiotensins , Creatinine , Diabetes Mellitus , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Proportional Hazards Models , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
6.
Ultrasonography ; : 270-277, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731164

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to validate the diagnostic feasibility of a novel scoring system of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in smokers and patients with diabetes depending on duplex Doppler sonographic features. METHODS: Patients presenting with the symptomatology of PAD were divided into three groups: diabetes only, smoking only, and smokers with diabetes. The patients were clinically examined, a clinical severity score was obtained, and the subjects were categorized into the three extrapolated categories of mild, moderate, and severe. All 106 subjects also underwent a thorough duplex Doppler examination, and various aspects of PAD were assessed and tabulated. These components were used to create a novel duplex Doppler scoring system. Depending on the scores obtained, each individual was categorized as having mild, moderate, or severe illness. The Cohen kappa value was used to assess interobserver agreement between the two scoring systems. RESULTS: Interobserver agreement between the traditional Rutherford clinical scoring system and the newly invented duplex Doppler scoring system showed a kappa value of 0.83, indicating significant agreement between the two scoring systems (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Duplex Doppler imaging is an effective screening investigation for lower extremity arterial disease, as it not only helps in its diagnosis, but also in the staging and grading of the disease, providing information that can be utilized for future management and treatment planning.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Humans , Lower Extremity , Mass Screening , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Smoke , Smoking , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
7.
Clinics ; 71(11): 650-656, Nov. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control. METHOD: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery. Clinical features (hyperpigmentation, hematoma, aesthetics, pain, skin burn, nerve injury, and thrombophlebitis) were evaluated at one week, one month, and six months postoperatively. Hemodynamic assessments (presence of resection or occlusion of the great saphenous vein and recurrent reflux in the sapheno-femoral junction and in the great saphenous vein) were performed at one month, six months, and 12 months postoperatively. The independent observer (a physician not involved in the original operation), patient, and duplex ultrasonographer were not made aware of the treatment done in each case. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02588911. RESULTS: Among the clinical variables analyzed, only the aesthetic evaluation by the physicians was significant, with radiofrequency ablation being considered better than conventional surgery (average, 0.91 points higher: standard deviation: 0.31; 95% confidence interval: -1.51, -0.30; p=0.003). However, in our study, we observed primary success rates of 80% for radiofrequency ablation and 100% for conventional surgery. CONCLUSIONS: If the physician is not required to inform the patient as to the technique being performed, the patient will not be able to identify the technique based on the signs and symptoms. Our study revealed that both techniques led to high levels of patient satisfaction, but our results favor the choice of conventional surgery over radiofrequency ablation, as patients who underwent conventional surgery had better hemodynamic assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Catheter Ablation/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Leg/blood supply , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Venous Insufficiency/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Femoral Vein/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Varicose Veins/surgery
8.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 27(4): 4576-4578, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-987132

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas venosos primarios son lesiones infrecuentes, en la mayoría de los casos asintomáticas y subdiagnosticadas, que deben considerarse al plantear el diagnóstico diferencial de masas inguinales. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 41 años de edad con sensación de masa inguinal izquierda de un año de evolución, a la cual se le diagnosticó aneurisma venoso primario con base en los hallazgos de la ecografía Doppler color. El aneurisma venoso primario requiere tratamiento quirúrgico para evitar complicaciones y la ecografía Doppler color es el método de elección para confirmar el diagnóstico y descartar otros procesos patológicos.


Primary venous aneurysms are rare lesions, in most cases asymptomatic and underdiagnosed that must be considered in the differential diagnoses of inguinal masses. We report the case of a 41 year old female patient with a one year history of a left inguinal mass, which was reported with a primary venous aneurysm based in the findings of a duplex ultrasonography. Venous primary aneurysm requires surgical treatment to avoid complications, and the duplex ultrasonography is the method of choice to confirm diagnosis and rule out other diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Embolism, Paradoxical , Saphenous Vein , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Hernia, Inguinal , Aneurysm
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143638

ABSTRACT

In this study, we characterized cerebral blood flow changes by assessment of blood flow parameters in neck arteries using carotid duplex ultrasonography and predictive factors for these hemodynamic changes. Hemodynamic variables were measured before and during hemodialysis in 81 patients with an arteriovenous access in their arm. Hemodialysis produced significant lowering in peak systolic velocity and flow volume of neck arteries and calculated total cerebral blood flow (1,221.9 ± 344.9 [before hemodialysis] vs. 1,085.8 ± 319.2 [during hemodialysis], P < 0.001). Effects were greater in vessels on the same side as the arteriovenous access and these changes were influenced by arteriovenous access flow during hemodialysis, both in the CCA (r = -0.277, P = 0.015) and the VA (r = -0.239, P = 0.034). The change of total cerebral blood flow during hemodialysis was independently related with age, presence of diabetes, and systemic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Dizziness/etiology , Female , Hemodynamics/physiology , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143627

ABSTRACT

In this study, we characterized cerebral blood flow changes by assessment of blood flow parameters in neck arteries using carotid duplex ultrasonography and predictive factors for these hemodynamic changes. Hemodynamic variables were measured before and during hemodialysis in 81 patients with an arteriovenous access in their arm. Hemodialysis produced significant lowering in peak systolic velocity and flow volume of neck arteries and calculated total cerebral blood flow (1,221.9 ± 344.9 [before hemodialysis] vs. 1,085.8 ± 319.2 [during hemodialysis], P < 0.001). Effects were greater in vessels on the same side as the arteriovenous access and these changes were influenced by arteriovenous access flow during hemodialysis, both in the CCA (r = -0.277, P = 0.015) and the VA (r = -0.239, P = 0.034). The change of total cerebral blood flow during hemodialysis was independently related with age, presence of diabetes, and systemic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Dizziness/etiology , Female , Hemodynamics/physiology , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
11.
Bahrain Medical Bulletin. 2016; 38 (2): 113-115
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-178833

ABSTRACT

True posterior tibial artery aneurysm is an extremely rare pathology. A fifty-three-year-old Bahraini female presented with a pulsatile mass behind the left medial malleolus for one year duration. Arterial duplex and angiogram revealed a true saccular aneurysm of the posterior tibial artery. The aneurysm was resected and the posterior tibial artery was reconstructed with end-to-end anastomosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tibial Arteries , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 959-966, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common complication of pelvic fractures. To identify the vascular and neurogenic factors associated with ED, 120 patients admitted with ED after traumatic pelvic fracture between January 2009 and June 2013 were enrolled in this study. All patients answered the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire. Nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) testing confirmed the occurrence of ED in 96 (80%) patients on whom penile duplex ultrasound and neurophysiological testing were further performed. Of these ED patients 29 (30%) were demonstrated only with vascular abnormality, 41 (42.7%) were detected only with neural abnormality, 26 (27.1%) revealed mixed abnormalities. Of the 55 patients (29+26) with vascular problems, 7 patients (12.7%) with abnormal arterial response to intracavernous injection of Bimix (15mg papaverine and 1mg phentolamine), 31 (56.4%) with corporal veno-occlusive dysfunction and 17 (30.9%) had both problems. Of the 67 (41+26) patients with abnormal neurophysiological outcomes, 51 (76.1%) with abnormal bulbocavernosus reflex (BCR), 20 (29.9%) with pathological pudendal nerve evoked potentials (PDEPs) and 25 (37.3%) with abnormal posterior tibial somatosensory nerve evoked potentials (PTSSEPs). Our observation indicated that neurogenic factors are important for the generation of ED in patients with pelvic fracture; venous impotence is more common than arteriogenic ED.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fractures, Bone/physiopathology , Impotence, Vasculogenic/etiology , Impotence, Vasculogenic/physiopathology , Pelvic Bones/injuries , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory/physiology , Hormones/blood , Impotence, Vasculogenic , Penile Erection/physiology , Penis/blood supply , Penis/innervation , Reflex, Abnormal/physiology , Self Report , Severity of Illness Index , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Urethra/injuries , Urethra/physiopathology
13.
Assiut Medical Journal. 2015; 39 (2): 143-150
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-173743

ABSTRACT

Background: Duplex ultrasonography guided foam sclerotherapy is now considered as standard option in varicose vein treatment; it is conducted as an outpatient procedure, does not require general ansthesia and compared with surgery results in an earlier return to normal activities. However, for treatment several sessions may be required


Aim of Work: The objective of this study is to cribe the efficacy, results and safety of DCU foam sclerotherapy for treating superficial venous ase of the lower limbs


Patients and Methods: 80 patients [28 males, 52 females] who were diagnosed to have clinical and radiological evidence of lower extremities venous diseases in the department of Vascular Surgery AT Assiut University Hospital from March 2012 to May 2014 were included. Their ages ranged from 18 to 57 years. Local ethics committee approval and written informed consent were obtained. To be considered suitable for UGFS all patients treated with UGFS the foam was prepared by Tessari's method. Any residual veins treated with another session


Results: Eighty patients presenting with symptomatic varicose veins of superficial system. There were52 females [65%], and 28 males [35 %] with a mean age of 55.76 +/- 9.67. CEAP grades of patients were as follows; [60.0%] in C2, [10.0%] in C3, [21.25%] in C4 [2.5%] in C5 and [6.25%] in C6. The affected segments of the superficial system which were treated were ; [70.0%] great saphenous, [17.5%] small saphenous, [6.25%] were great saphenous vein and varies and [6.25%] small saphenous vein and varies. The numbers of sessions needed to eradicate the affected segment were one session in [70%], two sessions in [18.75%] and three in [11.25%].Minor complications encountered were skin discoloration in 30% of patients, superficial thrombophlebitis in 16% and an allergy to the foam sclerosant in 2.5%. After one year follow up by CDU [70%] had complete occlusion, [15%] had partial occlusion and [80%] of patients showed improvement of CEAP classification


Conclusions: UGFS is a safe and effective treatment as an alternative to surgical treatment for superficial system varicosities. One and infrequently two to three treatment sessions, to complete eradication of superficial reflux in virtually 100% of cases. It is considered as an outpatient procedure. Complications are few, and appear mostly self-limiting


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Varicose Veins/therapy , Lower Extremity , Disease Management
14.
Clinics ; 69(2): 87-92, 2/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-701383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Despite evidence suggesting that Doppler ultrasonography can help to differentiate between benign and malignant breast lesions, it is rarely applied in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine whether certain vascular features of breast masses observed by duplex Doppler and color Doppler ultrasonography (before and/or after microbubble contrast injection) add information to the gray-scale analysis and support the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) classification. METHODS: Seventy solid lesions were prospectively evaluated with gray-scale ultrasonography, color Doppler ultrasonography, and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. The morphological analysis and lesion vascularity were correlated with the histological results. RESULTS: Percutaneous core biopsies revealed that 25/70 (17.5%) lesions were malignant, while 45 were benign. Hypervascular lesions with tortuous and central vessels, a resistive index (RI)≥0.73 before contrast injection, and an RI≥0.75 after contrast injection were significantly predictive of malignancy (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The combination of gray-scale ultrasonography data with unenhanced or enhanced duplex Doppler and color Doppler US data can provide diagnostically useful information. These techniques can be easily implemented because Doppler devices are already present in most health centers. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/methods , Ultrasonography, Mammary/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Diagnosis, Differential , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Time Factors
15.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 665-669, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192662

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although penile duplex Doppler ultrasonography (PDDU) is a common and integral procedure in a Peyronie's disease workup, the intracavernosal injection of vasoactive agents can carry a serious risk of priapism. Risk factors include young age, good baseline erectile function, and no coronary artery disease. In addition, patients with Peyronie's disease undergoing PDDU in an outpatient setting are at increased risk given the inability to predict optimal dosing. The present study was conducted to provide support for a standard protocol of early administration of phenylephrine in patients with a sustained erection after diagnostic intracavernosal injection of vasoactive agents to prevent the deleterious effects of iatrogenic priapism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of Peyronie's disease patients who received phenylephrine reversal after intracavernosal alprostadil (prostaglandin E1) administration to look at the priapism rate. Safety was determined on the basis of adverse events reported by subjects and efficacy was determined on the basis of the rate of priapism following intervention. RESULTS: Patients with Peyronie's disease only had better hemodynamic values on PDDU than did patients with Peyronie's disease and erectile dysfunction. All of the patients receiving prophylactic phenylephrine had complete detumescence of erections without adverse events, including no priapism cases. CONCLUSIONS: The reversal of erections with phenylephrine after intracavernosal injections of alprostadil to prevent iatrogenic priapism can be effective without increased adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil/adverse effects , Drug Evaluation/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Erection , Penile Induration/diagnostic imaging , Phenylephrine/therapeutic use , Pilot Projects , Priapism/chemically induced , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/adverse effects , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) may induce acutekidney injury (AKI).The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the resistive index (RI), which reflects renal artery resistance on renal duplex ultrasonography, as a predictor of AKI in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who are prescribed an ACE inhibitor or ARB. METHODS: We screened 105 CKD patients evaluated with renal duplex ultrasonography from 2008 to 2012. We excluded patients not treated with ACE inhibitor or ARB and diagnosed with renal artery stenosis. Finally, we retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 54 patients. AKI was defined as increased serum creatinine by >30% compared with baseline after starting ACE inhibitor or ARB treatment. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 60.5+/-13.0 years, serum creatinine level was 1.85+/-0.85 mg/dL and 22.2% of the patients had AKI after the use of an ACE inhibitor or ARB. The RI (P=0.006) and the percentages of patients with diabetes (P=0.008)and using diuretics (P=0.046) were higher in the AKI group.The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve for the prediction of AKI was 0.736 (95% confidence interval=0.587-0.885, P=0.013),and RI> or =0.80 predicted AKI with 83.3% sensitivity and 61.9% specificity. In the multivariate analysis, RI> or =0.80 was an independent prognostic factor [Exp (B)=8.03, 95% confidence interval=1.14-56.74, P=0.037] for AKI. CONCLUSION: RI> or =0.80 on the renal duplex ultrasonography may be a helpful predictor for AKI in CKD patients who are prescribed an ACE inhibitor or ARB.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Angiotensin II , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Angiotensins , Creatinine , Diuretics , Humans , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Receptors, Angiotensin , Renal Artery , Renal Artery Obstruction , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
17.
Singapore medical journal ; : 271-274, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359102

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>The gold standard for evaluation of the lower extremity arterial tree is catheter angiography. Duplex arterial-occlusive imaging or duplex ultrasonography arteriography, a noninvasive technique, is used as the first-line investigation in patients with peripheral vascular disease at our centre. Based on the results of duplex imaging, patients who require angiographic intervention then proceed with simultaneous catheter arteriography and intervention. This study aimed to compare the results of duplex imaging alone as the first-line investigation against the eventual results of catheter angiography, and to assess the impact of the former on patients' clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All cases involving patients who underwent duplex imaging followed by angiographic intervention, from May 2008 to February 2009, were discussed at weekly interdisciplinary meetings. Only patients who underwent lower limb imaging were included in the study. Those who were involved in grafts and stent surveillance studies, as well as those with incomplete duplex images were excluded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the study period, 113 duplex imaging studies of the lower limb followed by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty were performed at our hospital for peripheral vascular disease. The iliac artery was visualised in 40 images, but could not be visualised in 73 images. There was a potential change in management in three cases due to radiological differences between the duplex images and angiography films.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In our series, duplex imaging was found to be accurate enough to guide initial clinical management of patients with peripheral vascular disease. This modality is the preferred first-line investigation for such patients at our centre.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiography , Methods , Angioplasty , Methods , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Leg , Diagnostic Imaging , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography , Methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Methods
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726673

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: About 30% of the cause of admission of the patient with end-stage renal disease is reported to be related with complications of vascular access (VA). To achieve good outcome after VA surgery, routine mapping of artery and vein is recommended for the patients who are planned to have vascular access surgery. But evidence supporting routine application of ultrasonogram (USG) is scarce and the situation in Korea is different from western countries where most of the guidelines are produced. We compared the results of the vascular access surgery after physical examination only with those after selective examination with USG. METHODS: Two hundred and forty eight consecutive patients who received VA surgery in Dongsan Medical Center from Jun 2010 to May 2011 were included. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and the immediate postoperative failure and early suitability of hemodialysis were compared. RESULTS: One hundred eight patients (group 1) received VA without USG, 140 after USG study. Overall 13 failures were developed. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of early failure (5.6% vs. 5.0%). CONCLUSION: Selective application of duplex sonographic evaluation of vascular status in the patients who need vascular access surgery in Korea is a reasonable policy to save the limited health financial source with acceptable results.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Korea , Physical Examination , Preoperative Care , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Veins
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2781-2783, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244353

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of multiple type II endoleaks detected by duplex ultrasound after endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair. The patient was undergoing warfarin therapy. Duplex ultrasound was applied as the sole surveillance method during follow-up and provided the concerned information for reintervention. The endoleaks were successfully repaired by coil embolization of the collaterals from the internal iliac artery feeding the fourth lumbar artery.


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Methods
20.
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2012; 26 (4): 164-166
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-155644

ABSTRACT

There are controversies among surgeons about prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis [DVT] in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was the assessment of patients' condition after laparoscopic cholecystectomy without any prophylactic measure. 100 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy without DVT prophylaxis were followed by duplex scanning in the first postoperative day and by physical examination and patient history at the first to second postoperative week however no clinical sign was found for DVT. Only one case of partially thrombosis [1%] was found by duplex scanning which was managed conservatively. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy may consider as a low-risk procedure and routine prophylaxis may not be justified in the absence of other risk factor


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Venous Thrombosis , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies
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