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1.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 218-228, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388729

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La restricción del crecimiento fetal (RCF) se define como la disminución patológica de la tasa de crecimiento fetal, generalmente asociada a insuficiencia placentaria. Se diagnostica mediante ultrasonografía obstétrica y velocimetría Doppler, pero no existe un consenso global respecto a los parámetros referenciados. OBJETIVO: Brindar una revisión actualizada de la aproximación clínica de la RCF en Chile, enfocada en el uso de la ultrasonografía Doppler como herramienta fundamental para el diagnóstico, el pronóstico y el manejo de esta patología, y realizar una comparativa con respecto a otros países. MÉTODO: Se realizó una revisión con palabras clave en las bases de datos PubMed y SciELO. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 89 referencias bibliográficas, logrando una revisión de datos actualizados del uso del Doppler en la RCF tanto en el mundo como en Chile. CONCLUSIONES: La Guía Perinatal 2015 publicada en Chile carece de actualización con los conocimientos y la evidencia científica más recientes. Sin embargo, concuerda en gran parte con los lineamientos y las pautas generales de manejo de la RCF de las diferentes guías clínicas analizadas. Las discrepancias entre las guías revisadas podrían explicarse por la gran variabilidad de la evidencia de los estudios científico-clínicos, los cuales es importante unificar a través de una guía que promueva una estandarización de la atención de la RCF en el país.


INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is the pathological decrease in the fetal growth rate generally associated with placental insufficiency. Diagnosis is made by obstetric ultrasonography and Doppler velocimetry, assessing different biometric and hemodynamic parameters. However, there is no global consensus regarding the parameters to be referenced. OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated review of the FGR clinical approach in Chile, focused on the use of Doppler ultrasonography as a fundamental tool in the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of this pathology and to compare with other countries. METHOD: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed and SciELO databases, including relevant and updated articles. RESULTS: The search included 89 bibliographic references under which it was possible to make a review of the most current data on the use of Doppler in FGR both worldwide and in Chile. CONCLUSIONS: The 2015 Perinatal Guidelines published in Chile is not updated with the latest scientific evidence and knowledge. However, it largely agrees with international guidelines for FGR management. The discrepancies between the revised guidelines could be explained due to the variability of evidence from scientific-clinical studies, which are essential to unify for standardized care of FGR in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Fetal Growth Retardation/diagnostic imaging , Chile
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 229-240, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388730

ABSTRACT

Resumen La coartación de aorta es una cardiopatía congénita frecuente y potencialmente mortal. Su diagnóstico prenatal es un reto, ya que está dificultado por características inherentes a la circulación fetal, siendo relativamente bajas sus tasas de detección (30-50%). A diferencia de lo que sucede con otras cardiopatías congénitas, el diagnóstico prenatal de la coartación de aorta es en la mayoría de los casos solo de sospecha y únicamente podrá confirmarse de forma posnatal. Su identificación es de gran importancia, ya que mejora el pronóstico neonatal, y se basa sobre todo en la visualización de signos indirectos, como asimetría de cavidades o grandes vasos, con dominancia derecha. La principal limitación de estos es su bajo valor predictivo positivo, en especial en edades gestacionales tardías. Existen otros signos directos con mayor especificidad, como la hipoplasia de arco, el cociente istmo/ductus o el shelf contraductal, que en ocasiones solo son evidentes en el tercer trimestre dado el carácter evolutivo de la enfermedad. No obstante, ningún parámetro aislado presenta un rendimiento diagnóstico adecuado, siendo la combinación de algunos en distintos modelos multiparamétricos la que ha presentado mejores valores predictivos. Estos permiten al clínico un mejor asesoramiento a los padres, así como una planificación de la asistencia perinatal.


Abstract Coarctation of the aorta is a relatively common and potentially fatal congenital cardiac defect. Prenatal diagnosis remains a challenge, as it is limited by the inherent characteristics of the fetal circulation, with overall low detection rates (30-50%). Opposite to other congenital cardiac defects, prenatal diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta will be a suspicion one and can only be confirmed postnatally. Its identification is of paramount importance as it improves neonatal prognosis and is mainly based on the identification of indirect signs such as cardiac or great vessels asymmetry with right dominance. The main limitation of these signs is their low positive predictive value, especially in later gestational ages. There are direct signs with higher specificity such as arch hypoplasia, the isthmus/ductus ratio or the contraductal shelf, which may only be apparent in the third trimester given the progressive nature of the disease. However, no isolated parameter has an adequate diagnostic performance and it is their combination in multiparametric models that has shown the best predictive values. These models allow clinicians to give parents better counselling as well as tailor perinatal management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aortic Coarctation/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 77-80, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388713

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de obstrucción congénita de vías áreas superiores (CHAOS) es una condición que se caracteriza por la existencia de una obstrucción en las vías áreas altas en el feto, la cual puede ser parcial o completa. Comúnmente es una situación incompatible con la vida, por lo que su diagnóstico prenatal es importante considerando el pronóstico y los diferentes manejos prenatales y posnatales que existen. Presentamos un caso de CHAOS diagnosticado en la semana 21, con una breve revisión de la literatura sobre su diagnóstico, pronóstico y alternativas terapéuticas.


Abstract Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is a condition characterized by the existence of an obstruction of the fetal upper airways, which may be partial or complete. It is commonly incompatible with life, so its prenatal diagnosis is important due to the prognosis and the recently described pre and postnatal management options. We present a case of CHAOS in a pregnancy of 21 weeks with a brief review of the current literature about its diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic alternatives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Airway Obstruction/congenital , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Larynx/abnormalities , Syndrome , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Perinatal Death
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 74-82, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365665

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the perinatal outcomes of fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia after fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) and antenatal expectant management. Data sources In this rapid review, searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, PMC, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases between August 10th and September 4th, 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs or cluster-RCTs published in English in the past ten years were included. Study selection We retrieved 203 publications; 180 studies were screened by abstract. Full-text selection was performed for eight studies, and 1 single center RCTmet the inclusion criteria (41 randomized women; 20 in the FETO group, and 21 in the control group). Data collection Data collection was performed independently, by both authors, in two steps (title and abstract and full-text reading). Data synthesis There were no cases of maternal mortality. The mean gestational age at delivery was of 35.6±2.4 weeks in the intervention group, and of 37.4±1.9 weeks among the controls (p<0.01). Survival until 6 months of age was reported in 50% of the intervention group, and in 5.8% of the controls (p<0.01; relative risk: 10.5; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.5-74.7). Severe postnatal pulmonary hypertension was found in 50% of the infants in the intervention group, and in 85.7% of controls (p=0.02; relative risk: 0.6; 95%CI: 0.4-0.9). An analysis of the study indicated some concerns of risk of bias. The quality of evidence was considered moderate to low. Conclusion Current evidence is limited but suggests that FETO may be an effective intervention to improve perinatal outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados perinatais de fetos com hérnia diafragmática congênita após oclusão traqueal endoscópica fetal (OTEF) e conduta expectante pré-natal. Fontes dos dados Nesta revisão rápida, pesquisas foram conduzidas nas bases de dados MEDLINE, PMC, EMBASE e CENTRAL entre 10 de agosto de 2020 e 4 de setembro de 2020. Ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs), quase-ECRs e ECRs em cluster publicados em inglês nos últimos dez anos foram incluídos. Seleção dos estudos Foram recuperadas 203 publicações; 180 destas foram triadas pelo resumo. Fez-se a leitura do texto completo de 8 estudos, e 1 ECR cumpriu os critérios de inclusão (41 mulheres aleatorizadas; 20 no grupo OTEF e 21 no grupo de controle). Coleta de dados A coleta de dados realizada independentemente pelos dois autores, em duas etapas (título e resumo, e leitura do texto completo). Síntese dos dados Não houve casos de mortematerna. A idade gestacionalmédia no parto foi de 35,6±2,4 semanas no grupo de intervenção, e de 37,4±1,9 semanas entre os controles (p<0,01). A sobrevida até 6 meses de idade foi relatada em 50% do grupo de intervenção, e em 5,8% dos controles (p<0,01; risco relativo: 10,5; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 1,5-74,7). Hipertensão pulmonar grave ocorreu em 50% dos lactentes do grupo de intervenção, e em 85,7% dos controles (p = 0.02; risco relativo: 0,6; IC95%: 0,4-0,9). Uma análise do estudo indicou algumas preocupações quanto ao risco de viés. A qualidade da evidência foi considerada de moderada a baixa. Conclusão As evidências atuais são limitadas,mas sugeremque a OTEF pode ser uma intervenção eficaz para melhorar resultados perinatais.


Subject(s)
Fetal Diseases/surgery , Fetoscopy/methods , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/surgery , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Survival , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Fetal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension, Pulmonary/prevention & control , Lung/abnormalities , Lung Diseases/prevention & control
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1308-1320, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405271

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To establish an unprovable diagnostic indicative index reference for ultrasound examination of the fetal cerebral ventricles, based on the morphological characteristics throughout fetal nervous system development. Key ultrasonic morphological indicators of fetal ventricular development, which includes frontal horn width (FHW), occipital horn width (OHW), width of 3rd ventricle, cavity of septum pellucidum (CSP), width and length of 4th ventricle and thalamo-occipital distance (TOD) had been measured and analyzed collectively. All data of the indicators was collected on singleton pregnant woman between 16-39 weeks of gestational age (GA), between November 2017 and June 2021 at the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University. A total of 235 pregnant women were enrolled in the cross section study; another 36 pregnant women voluntarily joined a timeline-tracking follow-up study (cohort study) under the same examining criteria. A decrease of FHW and OHW of the lateral ventricles was observed as GA increased; while dimensional values of TOD, 3rd ventricle, CSP, as well as 4th ventricle increased with GA. Most of these indicators showed an enhanced variation tendency within a certain period of GA. Moreover, values of FHW and TOD showed asymmetry of the two hemispheres within the whole GA. Our findings revealed the morphological regularity of fetal ventricular development, which would instructively enhance the relative clinical ultrasound diagnosis; moreover, TOD also showed regularly changes as GA increased, suggesting that TOD should be considered as an additional routine ultrasonic indicator for fetal ventricular development.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio fue establecer un índice de referencia indicativo diagnóstico no demostrable para el examen ecográfico de los ventrículos cerebrales fetales, basado en las características morfológicas a lo largo del desarrollo del sistema nervioso fetal. Indicadores morfológicos ultrasónicos clave del desarrollo ventricular fetal, que incluyen el ancho del cuerno frontal (FHW), el ancho del cuerno occipital (OHW), el ancho del tercer ventrículo, la cavidad del septo pelúcido (CSP), el ancho y el largo del cuarto ventrículo y la distancia tálamo-occipital (TOD) fueron medidos y analizados conjuntamente. Todos los datos de los indicadores se recopilaron en mujeres embarazadas de un solo feto entre 16 y 39 semanas de edad gestacional (EG), entre noviembre de 2017 y junio de 2021 en el Segundo Hospital de la Universidad Médica de Dalian. Un total de 235 mujeres embarazadas se inscribieron en el estudio transversal; otras 36 mujeres embarazadas se unieron voluntariamente a un estudio de seguimiento de línea de tiempo (estudio de cohorte) bajo los mismos criterios de examen. Se observó una disminución de FHW y OHW de los ventrículos laterales a medida que aumentaba la GA; mientras que los valores dimensionales de TOD, tercer ventrículo, CSP y cuarto ventrículo aumentaron con GA. La mayoría de estos indicadores mostraron una tendencia de variación mejorada dentro de un cierto período de GA. Además, los valores de FHW y TOD mostraron asimetría de los dos hemisferios dentro de toda la AG. Nuestros hallazgos revelaron la regularidad morfológica del desarrollo ventricular fetal, lo que mejoraría de manera instructiva el diagnóstico clínico de ultrasonido relativo; además, TOD también mostró cambios regulares a medida que aumentaba la GA, lo que sugiere que TOD debe considerarse como un indicador ultrasónico de rutina adicional para el desarrollo ventricular fetal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cerebral Ventricles/growth & development , Cerebral Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genomic abnorm ality of a fetus enlarged multicystic dysplastic kidneys with oligohydramnios caused by NPHP3 gene mutation.@*METHODS@#The fetuse was found to have multicystic dysplastic kidneys with oligohydramnios upon ultrasonography during the second trimester. Following induced abortion, fetal tissue was collected for the extraction of DNA, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and whole exome sequencing (WES). Sanger sequencing was used to verify the suspected variants in the family.@*RESULTS@#Antenatal ultrasound examination at 19 weeks showed "polycystic" kidneys with Oligohydramnios. Delivery was by induced labour because of the critically low amniotic fluid volume. Testing of CMA was normal. WES showed a compound heterozygous mutation of c.1817G>A, p.W606X; c.432dupA, p.E145Rfs*18 mutations are novel mutations in this study.@*CONCLUSION@#The research may further expand the NPHP3 gene mutation spectrum. Enlarged multicystic dysplastic kidneys with oligohydramnios caused by NPHP3 gene mutation at least include one or two splice site mutation, frameshift mutation or nonsense mutation foetal poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Female , Humans , Kidney Diseases, Cystic , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney/genetics , Mutation , Oligohydramnios/genetics , Polycystic Kidney Diseases , Pregnancy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with normal ultrasonographic finding at 20 weeks' gestation but a copy number variant(CNV) of 13q indicated by non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT).@*METHODS@#Karyotyping analysis and chromosomal CNV assay were carried out on the amniotic fluid sample. Parental peripheral blood sample was collected for chromosomal analysis. Detailed fetal ultrasound scan was carried out to rule out structural abnormalities of the fetus.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was detected with a heterozygous 10.14 Mb deletion at 13q21.1q21.32, which has originated from the phenotypically normal mother. No apparent karyotypic abnormality was detected in the fetus and its parents. No ultrasonic abnormality was found in the fetus.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the fetus and its mother have carried a heterozygous 10.14 Mb deletion at 13q21.1q21.32 and presented normal phenotypes.Combined with literature review, the segmental deletion was judged to be a benign variant.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Counseling , Humans , Karyotyping , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
8.
MedUNAB ; 24(3): 375-383, 202112.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353532

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La preeclampsia es la primera causa de muerte materna directa en Colombia y la segunda a nivel mundial. El desarrollo de estrategias de predicción y prevención puede disminuir las complicaciones y secuelas ocasionadas por dicha enfermedad. El Doppler de arterias uterinas entre las semanas 11 y 13+6 como prueba independiente o en combinación con factores maternos o pruebas bioquímicas permite tasas de detección de preeclampsia temprana ≥ 90% a partir de la implementación de distintos cribados. La validez de dicha prueba diagnóstica presenta una sensibilidad del 47.8% y especificidad del 92.1% para la detección de preeclampsia temprana; con una sensibilidad del 26.4% y especificidad del 93.4% para predecir preeclampsia en cualquier etapa. División de los temas tratados. En esta revisión de tema se aborda la utilidad de esta medición, se habla de la realización de la técnica en cuestión y, por último, se revisan las herramientas estandarizadas que están disponibles en la actualidad junto con su accesibilidad y precisión. Conclusiones. La evidencia empírica que respalda la validez de las herramientas disponibles hoy en día para el tamizaje de preeclampsia a través de la evaluación por ultrasonografía Doppler de las arterias uterinas es significativa. Al ser Colombia un país que presenta una prevalencia alta de preeclampsia, conocer la utilidad de esta medición favorece una vigilancia temprana y oportuna, lo que disminuye los posibles desenlaces desfavorables para las maternas.


Introduction. Preeclampsia is the primary cause of direct maternal death in Colombia and the second globally. The development of prediction and prevention strategies can reduce complications and consequences caused by this disease. The uterine arteries Doppler between weeks 11 and 13+6 as an independent test or in combination with maternal factors or biochemical tests allows for early detection rates for preeclampsia of ≥90% from the implementation of different sieving. The validity of this diagnostic test has a sensitivity of 47.8% and specificity of 92.1% for the early detection of preeclampsia; with a sensitivity of 26.4% and specificity of 93.4% to predict preeclampsia at any stage. Division of Covered Topics. This topic review covers the usefulness of this measurement. It discusses the performance of the technique in question and, lastly, the standardized tools currently available are reviewed together with the accessibility and accuracy. Conclusions. The empirical evidence that supports the validity of the tools available today for the screening of preeclampsia via Doppler ultrasound evaluation of the uterine arteries is significant. As Colombia is a country with a high prevalence of preeclampsia, knowing the usefulness of this measurement favors early and timely surveillance, which reduces possible unfavorable outcomes for mothers.


Introdução. A pré-eclâmpsia é a principal causa de morte materna direta na Colômbia e a segunda no mundo. O desenvolvimento de estratégias de predição e prevenção pode reduzir as complicações e sequelas causadas pela doença. O Doppler da artéria uterina entre as semanas 11 e 13+6 como um teste independente ou em combinação com fatores maternos ou testes bioquímicos permite taxas de detecção de pré-eclâmpsia precoce≥90% a partir da implementação de diferentes exames. A validade desse teste diagnóstico tem sensibilidade de 47,8% e especificidade de 92,1% para a detecção de pré-eclâmpsia precoce; com uma sensibilidade de 26,4% e especificidade de 93,4% para prever pré-eclâmpsia em qualquer fase. Divisão dos tópicos abordados. Esta revisão de tópicos aborda a utilidade desta medição, discute a realização da técnica em questão e, por fim, são revisadas as ferramentas padronizadas que estão disponíveis atualmente, juntamente com sua acessibilidade e precisão. Conclusões. A evidência empírica que apoia a validade das ferramentas disponíveis atualmente para rastreamento de pré-eclâmpsia por meio da avaliação de ultrassom Doppler das artérias uterinas é significativa. Como a Colômbia é um país com alta prevalência de pré-eclâmpsia, conhecer a utilidade dessa medição favorece a vigilância precoce e oportuna, o que reduz possíveis resultados desfavoráveis para mulheres maternas.


Subject(s)
Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pre-Eclampsia , Prenatal Care , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography , Uterine Artery , Fetal Growth Retardation , Noninvasive Prenatal Testing
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 985-987, Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Conjoined twins (CTs) are a rare complication from monochorionic and monoamniotic twin pregnancies. We describe the use of 3D technologies, including 3D virtual and 3D physical models on prenatal evaluation of one parapagus CT. A 16-year-old G1P0 woman was referred for fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anatomical evaluation of a CT at 28 weeks of gestation. 3D images of the fetal surface were generated by the software during the examination for spatial comprehension of the relationship between the fetal parts. The pair of CTs died at the 32nd week of gestation, a few hours after cesarean section. 3D technologies are an important tool for parental counseling and preparation of the multidisciplinary care team for delivery and neonatal assistance and possible surgical planning for postnatal separation in CTs cases.


Resumo Gêmeos unidos (GUs) são uma complicação rara de gestações gemelares monocoriônicas e monoamnióticas. Descrevemos o uso de tecnologias 3D, incluindo modelos 3D virtuais e físicos, na avaliação pré-natal de GU parapagus. Mulher de 16 anos, G1P0, foi encaminhada para avaliação anatômica por ressonância magnética (RM) fetal de GU com 28 semanas de gestação. Imagens 3D da superfície fetal foram geradas pelo software durante o exame para compreensão espacial da relação entre as partes fetais. O par de GUs morreu na 32ª semana de gestação, poucas horas após a cesariana. As tecnologias 3D são uma importante ferramenta de aconselhamento dos pais e de preparação da equipe multiprofissional para o parto e a assistência neonatal, além de possível planejamento cirúrgico para separação pós-natal em casos de GUs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Twins, Conjoined , Prenatal Diagnosis , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy, Twin
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 904-910, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the mean uterine artery pulsatility index (UtAPI) in each trimester of pregnancy as a predictor of early or late pre-eclampsia (PE) in Colombian pregnant women. Methods The UtAPI was measured in singleton pregnancies in each trimester. Uterine artery pulsatility index as predictor of PE was evaluated by odds ratio (OR), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and Kaplan-Meier diagram. Results Analysis in the 1st and 3rd trimester showed that abnormal UtAPI was associated with early PE (OR: 5.99: 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.64-21.13; and OR: 10.32; 95%CI: 2.75-42.49, respectively). Sensitivity and specificity were 71.4 and 79.6%, respectively, for developing PE (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.922). The Kaplan-Meier curve showed that a UtAPI of 0.76 (95%CI: 0.58-1.0) in the 1st trimester was associated with early PE, and a UtAPI of 0.73 (95%CI: 0.55-0.97) in the 3rd trimester was associated with late PE. Conclusion Uterine arteries proved to be a useful predictor tool in the 1st and 3rd trimesters for early PE and in the 3rd trimester for late PE in a pregnant population with high prevalence of PE.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o índice médio de pulsatilidade da artéria uterina (UtAPI) em cada trimestre da gravidez como preditor de pré-eclâmpsia (PE) precoce ou tardia em gestantes colombianas. Métodos O UtAPI foi medido em gestações únicas em cada trimestre. O UtAPI como preditor de PE foi avaliado por odds ratio (OR), curvas receiver operating characteristic (ROC) e diagrama de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados A análise no 1° e 3° trimestres mostrou que um UtAPI anormal foi associado com PE inicial (OR: 5,99; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 1,64-21,13; OR: 10,32; IC95%: 2,75-42,49, respectivamente). A sensibilidade e a especificidade foram de 71,4 e 79,6%, respectivamente, para o desenvolvimento de PE (area under the curve [AUC]: 0,922). A curva de Kaplan-Meier mostrou que um UtAPI de 0,76 (IC95%: 0,58- 1,0) no 1° trimestre foi associado com PE precoce, e que um UtAPI de 0,73 (IC95%: 0,55-0,97) no 3° trimestre foi associado com PE tardia. Conclusão As artérias uterinas mostraram ser uma ferramenta preditora útil no 1° e 3° trimestres para PE inicial e no 3° trimestre para PE tardia em uma população de gestantes com alta prevalência de PE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Uterine Artery/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Pulsatile Flow , Biomarkers , ROC Curve , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Placenta Growth Factor
11.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 34-40, dic. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377959

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Obstetric ultrasound is part of the screening to select the population at high risk of having a congenital malformation. Considering that fetal defects occur in approximately 2-4 out of every 100 live newborns, and are the cause of 35-40% of perinatal mortality in Chile, it is therefore justified to perform the second trimester ultrasound, which presents a high index prenatal screening (56%), with few false positives. Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out, by reviewing 6,385 ultrasound scans, which were performed during one year (June 2020-June 2021), at the Regional Hospital of Talca, where 126 fetuses with suspected malformation were detected. Results: Of the total number of patients evaluated, a congenital malformation rate of 1.9% was detected, with cardiac malformations the most frequent, and diabetes mellitus the main risk factor. Conclusions: Antenatal ultrasound study is essential in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, followed by a referral to an ultrasound committee, emphasizing early and interdisciplinary management. The frequencies found are similar to those reported in the international bibliography


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Congenital Abnormalities/genetics , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Comorbidity , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Disorders/genetics
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 743-748, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357058

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess maternal serum levels of vitamin D in fetuses appropriate for gestational age (AGA), small for gestational age (SGA), and with fetal growth restriction (FGR) according to estimated fetal weight (EFW). Methods This cross-sectional study included 87 pregnant women between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation: 38 in the AGA group, 24 in the SGA group, and 25 in the FGR group. Maternal serum vitamin D levels were assessed using the chemiluminescence method. The Fisher exact test was used to compare the results between the groups. Results The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of maternal age (years) and body mass index (kg/m2) in the AGA, SGA, and FGR groups were 25.26 8.40 / 26.57 ± 4.37; 25.04 ± 8.44 / 26.09 ± 3.94; and 25.48 ± 7.52 / 26.24 ± 4.66, respectively (p > 0.05). The maternal serum vitamin D levels (mean ± SD) of the AGA, SGA, and FGR groups were 22.47 ± 8.35 ng/mL, 24.80 ± 10.76 ng/mL, and 23.61 ± 9.98 ng/mL, respectively, but without significant differences between the groups (p = 0.672). Conclusion Maternal serum vitamin D levels did not present significant differences among pregnant women with AGA, SGA, or FGR fetuses between 26 and 36 weeks of gestation according to EFW.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o nível sérico materno de vitamina D em fetos adequados para idade gestacional (AIG), pequenos para idade gestacional (PIG) e com restrição de crescimento (RCF) de acordo com a estimativa de peso fetal (EPF). Métodos Realizou-se um estudo transversal envolvendo 87 gestantes entre 26 e 36 semanas, sendo: 38 do grupo AIG, 24 do grupo PIG e 25 do grupo RCF. A dosagem sérica materna de vitamina D foi realizada pelo método de quimiluminescência. Para as comparações entre os grupos, utilizou-se o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados A média ± desvio-padrão (DP) da idade materna (anos) e do índice de massa corporal (kg/m2) nos grupos AIG, PIG e RCF foram 25,26 ± 8,40 / 26,57 ± 4,37; 25,04 ± 8,44 / 26,09 ± 3,94; e 25,48 ± 7,52 / 26,24 ± 4,66, respectivamente (p>0,05). A concentração sérica materna de vitamina D (médias ± desvios-padrão) dos grupos AIG, PG e RCF foram 22,47±8,35 ng/ml; 24,80_10,76 ng/ml; e 23,61 ± 9,98 ng/ml, respectivamente, contudo, sem diferenças significativas entre os grupos (p=0,672). Conclusão A concentração sérica materna de vitamina D não apresentou diferenças significantes entre gestantes com fetos AIG, PIG ou RCF entre 26 e 36 semanas de acordo com a EPF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnant Women , Fetal Growth Retardation , Vitamin D , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(5): 520-524, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340162

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate cardiac function and structural changes in children of diabetic mothers in the fetal and neonatal period using Doppler-echocardiographic data. Method: A prospective, descriptive observational study conducted in a private and tertiary care service for high-risk pregnant women. It included 48 children of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) considered clinically compensated during pregnancy, with a single fetus and absence of malformations. Myocardial thickness, shortening fraction, left ventricular (LVMPI) and right ventricular (RVMPI) myocardial performance index, and mitral and tricuspid valve E/A ratio were evaluated in 96 echocardiographic exams with Doppler. Results: The hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was 29% vs 6% p = 0.006 in the prenatal and postnatal periods respectively. The shortening fraction was 0% vs 6% p = 0.242 in the fetuses and newborns respectively. The myocardial performance index of the right ventricle was 12% vs 54% p ≤ 0.001, and on the left ventricle 27% vs 60% p = 0.001 in the prenatal and postnatal periods respectively. The ratio of mitral valve E/A waves was 6% vs 50% p ≤ 0.001 and the ratio of tricuspid valve E/A waves was 0% vs 27% p 0.001 in the fetuses and newborns respectively. Conclusion: A decrease in the rate of myocardial hypertrophy and changes in cardiac function parameters were observed in the fetal and neonatal periods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Diabetes, Gestational , Cardiomyopathies , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age , Fetal Heart/diagnostic imaging , Mothers
14.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(3): 01022105, Jul-Set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373518

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O divertículo de Kommerell é uma alteração rara que ocorre mais comumente com arco aórtico à esquerda e origem anômala de artéria subclávia direita (0,5%-2,0%). Em geral é assintomático, com sintomas relacionados a cardiopatias congênitas quando presentes. PALAVRA-CHAVE: Ultrassonagrafia pré-natal, desenvolvimento fetal, anormalidades congênitas


ABSTRACT Kommerell's diverticulum is a rare disorder that most commonly occurs with a left aortic arch and anomalous origin of the right subclavian artery (0.5%- 2.0%). It is usually asymptomatic, with symptoms related to congenital heart disease when present. KEYWORDS: Prenatal ultrasonography, fetal development, congenital abnormalities


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Congenital Abnormalities , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Fetal Development
15.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(3): 291-297, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351953

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: reportar el caso de una gestante con diagnóstico ultrasonográfico de alteración del sistema tegumentario fetal y diagnóstico posnatal de síndrome de Omenn. Presentación de caso: se presenta el caso de paciente de 27 años con embarazo de 31 semanas, con exploración ultrasonográfica prenatal que evidencia feto con edema significativo del cuero cabelludo, líquido amniótico ecogénico y descamación de la piel abdominal, con aproximación diagnóstica ultrasonográfica de variante de ictiosis. El recién nacido presentó eritrodermia congénita complicada con infección de piel, con posterior choque séptico y muerte. El estudio genético y patológico concluye síndrome de Omenn. Conclusión: el síndrome de Omenn debe ser tomado en cuenta en los diagnósticos diferenciales cuando en la ultrasonografía prenatal existan hallazgos ultrasongráficos de una alteración del sistema tegumentario. Se requieren estudios que evalúen la exactitud del ultrasonido en el diagnóstico antenatal de las eritrodermias.


Objective: To report the case of a pregnant woman with ultrasound diagnosis of altered fetal tegumental system and postnatal diagnosis of Omenn syndrome. Case presentation: A 27-year-old patient who presented at 31 weeks of gestation with prenatal ultrasound evidence of a fetus with significant scalp edema, echogenic amniotic fluid and scaly abdominal skin, with ichtyosis variant impression on diagnostic ultrasound. The baby was born with congenital erythroderma complicated with skin infection, and later developed septic shock and died. The genetic and pathologic workup led to the conclusion of Omenn syndrome. Conclusion: Omenn syndrome must be considered as part of the differential diagnoses when prenatal ultrasound shows findings of altered tegument system. Studies are required to assess the accuracy of ultrasound for prenatal diagnosis of erythroderma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Edema , Ichthyosis
16.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(2): 1-10, 31 de agosto del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284499

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Objetivo: el objetivo es estimar el peso fetal por métodos clínicos y ecográficos y compararlo con el peso al nacer en recién nacidos a término. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio epidemiológico, observacional, transversal de una cohorte de recién nacidos a término sanos. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 102 neonatos nacidos en el Hospital Pablo Arturo Suárez, en Quito, Ecuador, de noviembre de 2019 a enero de 2020. Resultados: En neonatos a término, la estimación ecográfica fue del 80.00%, mientras que en la valoración clínica fue del 72.29%. El perfil del recién nacido analizado es hombre, mestizo, ecuatoriano, nacido en la región serrana, con una edad gestacional media de 38.67 semanas y un peso medio al nacer de 3.023 gramos, en quienes se estimó el peso fetal mediante ecografía y valoración clínica. La estimación del error absoluto en ambos métodos analizados fue 2.43% para ecografía y -4.65% para valoración clínica, y ambos mostraron concordancia moderada, 78.2% para ecografía y 85.6% para valoración clínica. El análisis multivariado mostró que los recién nacidos con peso modificado por ecografía tienen 13.44 veces más probabilidades de mostrar peso alterado al nacer, mientras que los recién nacidos con peso modificado por la evaluación clínica tienen 11.95 veces más probabilidades de mostrar peso alterado al nacer. Conclusiones: La precisión en la valoración clínica fue siempre mayor que en el método ecográfico, especialmente en los recién nacidos de bajo peso


Introduction: The aim of this trial was to estimate fetal weight by clinical and ultrasound methods and to compare with the weight at birth in full-term newborns. Methods: This is an epidemiological, observational, cross-sectional study of a cohort of healthy full-term newborns. The sample size was 102 neonates born at the Pablo Arturo Suarez Hospital, in Quito, Ecuador, from November 2019 to January 2020. Results: In full-term neonates, the estimate on ultrasound was 80.00%, while in the clinical assessment was 72.29%. The profile of newborn analyzed is man, mestizo, Ecuadorian, born in the highlands region, with a mean gestational age of 38.67 weeks and a mean birth weight of 3,023 grams, in whom it estimated the fetal weight through ultrasound and clinical assessment. The estimation of the absolute error in both methods analyzed was 2.43% to ultrasound and -4.65% to clinical assessment, and both showed moderate concordance, 78.2% to ultrasound, and 85.6% to clinical assessment. Multivariate analysis showed the neo-nates with modified weight by ultrasound are 13.44 times more likely to show altered weight at birth, while neonates with modified weight by the clinical assessment are 11.95 times more likely to show altered weight at birth. Conclusions: Accuracy in the clinical assessment was always higher than in the ultrasound method, especially in low weight newborns.


Introdução: Objetivo: estimar o peso fetal por métodos clínicos e ultrassonográficos e compará-lo com o peso ao nascer em recém-nascidos a termo. Métodos: Este é um estudo epidemiológico, observacional e transversal de uma coorte de recém-nascidos saudáveis ​​a termo. O tamanho da amostra foi de 102 neonatos nascidos no Hospital Pablo Arturo Suárez, em Quito, Equador, de novembro de 2019 a janeiro de 2020. Resultados: Em neonatos a termo, a estimativa ultrassonográfica foi de 80,00%, enquanto na avaliação clínica foi de 72,29%. O perfil do recém-nascido analisado é do sexo masculino, mestiço, equatoriano, nascido na região montanhosa, com idade gestacional média de 38,67 semanas e peso médio ao nascer de 3,023 gramas, sendo o peso fetal estimado por ultrassonografia e avaliação clínica. A estimativa do erro absoluto em ambos os métodos analisados ​​foi de 2,43% para ultrassom e -4,65% para avaliação clínica, e ambos apresentaram concordância moderada, 78,2% para ultrassom e 85,6% para avaliação clínica. A análise multivariada mostrou que os recém-nascidos com peso modificado ultrassonográfico têm 13,44 vezes mais chance de apresentar peso alterado ao nascer, enquanto os recém-nascidos com peso modificado pela avaliação clínica têm 11,95 vezes mais chance de apresentar peso alterado ao nascer. Conclusões: A precisão na avaliação clínica sempre foi maior do que no método ultrassonográfico, principalmente em recém-nascidos de baixo peso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Birth Weight , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Fetal Weight , Infant, Newborn , Statistics as Topic
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 545-559, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347249

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fetal growth restriction (FGR) occurswhen the fetus does not reach its intrauterine potential for growth and development as a result of compromise in placental function. It is a condition that affects 5 to 10% of pregnancies and is the second most common cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Children born with FGR are at risk of impaired neurological and cognitive development and cardiovascular or endocrine diseases in adulthood. The purpose of the present revision is to perform a literature search for evidence on the detection and assessment by ultrasound of brain injury linked to FGR during fetal life. Using a systematic approach and quantitative evaluation as study methodology, we reviewed ultrasound studies of the fetal brain structure of growth-restricted fetuses with objective quality measures. A total of eight studies were identified. High quality studies were identified for measurement of brain volumes; corpus callosum; brain fissure depth measurements, and cavum septi pellucidi width measurement. A low-quality study was available for transverse cerebellar diameter measurement in FGR. Further prospective randomized studies are needed to understand the changes that occur in the brain of fetuseswith restricted growth, as well as their correlation with the changes in cognitive development observed.


Resumo A restrição do crescimento fetal (RCF) ocorre quando umfeto não consegue atingir seu potencial de crescimento intrauterino, na maioria das vezes por compromisso da função placentária. É uma condição que afeta de 5 a 10% das gravidezes e é a segunda causa mais comum de morbidade e mortalidade perinatal. Crianças nascidas com RCF incorrem em maior risco de atraso no desenvolvimento neurológico e cognitivo, bem como de doenças cardiovasculares e/ou endócrinas, na idade adulta. O objetivo desta revisão foi o de pesquisar na literatura evidência sobre o diagnóstico pré-natal por ecografia de lesões cerebrais relacionadas com a RCF. Utilizando uma abordagem sistemática, avaliamos de forma quantitativa a metodologia dos oito estudos que preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram, assim, incluídos nesta revisão. Foram identificados estudos de alta qualidade para a medição dos volumes cerebrais;medição do corpo caloso; medição da profundidade das incisuras cerebrais emedição do cavum do septo pelúcido. Os autores identificaram um estudo de qualidade inferior sobre a medição transversal do diâmetro transcerebelar em fetos com RCF. Mais estudos prospectivos randomizados são necessários para perceber quais as alterações que ocorrem no cerébro dos fetos com restrição do seu crescimento, bem como, a sua correlação com as alterações do desenvolvimento cognitivo observadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adult , Placenta , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Biometry , Gestational Age , Fetal Growth Retardation/diagnostic imaging , Fetus
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 452-456, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341140

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of malformations and chromosomal abnormalities in a population of fetuses with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). Methods This is a 6-year retrospective study of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of ARSA conducted during the period between September 2013 and June 2019 at a fetal medicine unit. Data were collected from ultrasound, fetal echocardiograms, genetic studies, and neonatal records. Results An ARSA was diagnosed in 22 fetuses. An ARSA was an isolated finding in 18 out of 22 cases (82%). Associated abnormal sonographic findings were found in 4 cases. All cases underwent invasive testing. In 1 of the cases, a chromosomal abnormality was detected (mos 45,X [13]/46,X,e(X) (p22.1q22.1)). No cases of congenital heart disease were found in any of these fetuses. There were two cases in which the postnatal evaluation revealed amalformation: one case of hypospadias and 1 case of cleft palate. Conclusion The presence of an isolated ARSA is benign and is not associated with chromosomal abnormalities. The finding of ARSA, however, warrants a detailed fetal ultrasound in order to exclude major fetal abnormalities and other soft markers.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a frequência demalformaçães e anomalias cromossômicas em uma população de fetos com artéria subclávia direita aberrante (ARSA). Métodos Este é um estudo retrospectivo de 6 anos de fetos com diagnóstico prénatal de ARSA realizado durante o período de setembro de 2013 a junho de 2019 em uma unidade de medicina fetal. Os dados foram coletados de ultrassom, ecocardiograma fetal, estudos genéticos e registros neonatais. Resultados Um ARSA foi diagnosticado em 22 fetos. Um ARSA foi um achado isolado em 18 dos 22 casos (82%). Achados ultrassonográficos anormais associados foram encontrados em 4 casos. Todos os casos foram submetidos a testes invasivos. Em um dos casos, foi detectada uma anormalidade cromossômica (mos 45, X [13] / 46, X, e (X) (p22.1q22.1)). Nenhum caso de doença cardíaca congênita foi encontrado em qualquer um desses fetos. Houve dois casos em que a avaliação pós-natal revelou a malformação: um caso de hipospádia e 1 caso de fenda palatina. Conclusão A presença de ARSA isolado é benigna e não está associada a anormalidades cromossômicas. O achado de ARSA, no entanto, justifica uma ultrassonografia fetal detalhada para excluir anormalidades fetais importantes e outros marcadores leves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Aberrations , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/genetics , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Genetic Testing , Retrospective Studies
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(3): 258-264, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388659

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La aneuploidía más común entre los recién nacidos vivos es el síndrome de Down (SD). En estos niños el crecimiento está disminuido, con una frecuencia del 25% de restricción del crecimiento intrauterino, pero no se ha establecido el papel de la insuficiencia placentaria. El objetivo es estudiar la resistencia placentaria a través del Doppler de arteria umbilical con índice de pulsatilidad (IP) y el tiempo medio de desaceleración (t/2), y el posible efecto de la insuficiencia placentaria en fetos con SD. MÉTODO: Se realizó Doppler en la arteria umbilical en 78 fetos con SD, se midieron el IP y el t/2, y se compararon los resultados con los pesos de nacimiento. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 78 fetos con SD con 214 mediciones Doppler. El t/2 y el IP estaban alterados en el 71,5% y el 65% de las mediciones, respectivamente. La incidencia de t/2 alterado aumenta con la edad gestacional desde un 28,6% a las 15-20 semanas hasta un 89,3% sobre las 36 semanas (p < 0,01); cifras similares se observan para el IP. La clasificación de los pesos fue: 64% adecuados, 12% grandes y 24% pequeños para la edad gestacional. La última medición de t/2 antes del parto era normal en el 17% y estaba alterada en el 83%. En el caso del IP, los valores fueron normales en el 27% y anormales en el 73%. El peso de nacimiento, la edad gestacional y el porcentaje de niños adecuados para la edad gestacional eran significativamente mayores en el grupo con Doppler normal que en el grupo con Doppler alterado. El z-score del t/2 estaba marcadamente alterado (−2.23), pero el del peso de nacimiento solo estaba algo disminuido (−0,39). La mortalidad perinatal fue del 10%, significativamente mayor cuando el flujo diastólico era ausente o reverso. CONCLUSIONES: El estudio demuestra que los fetos con SD tienen una alta incidencia de alteración del Doppler umbilical para el IP y el t/2, lo cual sugiere una insuficiencia placentaria grave. Este deterioro parece iniciarse hacia el final del segundo trimestre y aumenta con la edad gestacional. Sin embargo, en estos fetos, la insuficiencia placentaria produce una ligera caída en el crecimiento fetal. Como hipótesis general pensamos que en los fetos con SD hay datos claros de insuficiencia placentaria, pero habría algún factor que les protegería de una restricción grave del crecimiento.


INTRODUCTION: The most common aneuploidy in live newborns is Down syndrome (DS), in these children growth is decreased, with a frequency of 25-36% of fetal growth restriction (FGR); however, it is not established the role of placental insufficiency. The objective is to study the Doppler of the umbilical artery with pulsatility index (PI) and half peak systolic velocity (hPSV) deceleration time and the possible role of placental insufficiency in fetuses with DS. METHOD: Doppler was performed in fetuses with DS, the umbilical artery and IP and hPSV were measured, and the results were compared with birth weights. RESULTS: 78 fetuses with DS were studied with 214 Doppler measurements. hPSV and the IP were altered in 71.5% and 65% of the measurements; the incidence of abnormal hPSV increases with gestational age from 28.6% between 15 to 20 weeks, to 89.3% over 36 weeks (p < 0.01), similar figures are observed with respect to the PI. The weight classification was: 24% of FGR, 12% of great for age and 64% of adequate for gestational age (AGA). The last measurement of hPSV before delivery was normal in 17% of the fetuses and was abnormal in 83%, in the case of PI the normal and abnormal values were 27 and 73%, respectively. Birth weight, gestational age, and the percentage of AGA children were significantly higher in the normal Doppler group than in the abnormal Doppler group. The hPSV z-score was markedly altered (−2.23), but the birth weight z-score is slightly decreased (−0.39). Perinatal mortality is 10% and is significantly higher when diastolic flow is absent or reverse. CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that DS fetuses have a high incidence of abnormal umbilical Doppler measured with IP and hPSV, which suggests severe placental insufficiency, this deterioration seems to start towards the end of the second trimester and increases with gestational age. However, in these fetuses, placental insufficiency causes a discrete drop in fetal growth. As a general hypothesis, we think that there is clear evidence of placental insufficiency in fetuses with DS, but there would be some factor that would protect these fetuses from severe growth restriction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Down Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Placental Insufficiency/etiology , Blood Flow Velocity , Pulsatile Flow , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Deceleration , Fetal Growth Retardation/etiology
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(3): 274-281, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388661

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar el índice de consistencia cervical con la longitud cervical en la predicción de parto pretérmino inminente en pacientes sintomáticas. MÉTODO: Estudio prospectivo realizado en mujeres con embarazos únicos entre 24 y 35 semanas, con diagnóstico clínico de amenaza de parto pretérmino, que asistieron al Hospital Central Dr. Urquinaona en Maracaibo, Venezuela. Al momento del diagnóstico, las pacientes fueron evaluadas con ecografía transvaginal para establecer los valores del índice de consistencia cervical y la longitud cervical. La resultante principal fue parto inminente (en los 7 días siguientes a la evaluación). RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 657 pacientes, de las que 152 presentaron parto pretérmino inminente (grupo A) y 505 fueron consideradas como controles (grupo B). No se encontraron diferencias entre los grupos en cuanto a edad materna, nuliparidad, antecedente de parto pretérmino, antecedente de hábito tabáquico e índice de masa corporal. Las pacientes del grupo A presentaron valores significativamente más bajos del índice de consistencia cervical y de longitud cervical que las del grupo B (p < 0,0001). El índice de consistencia cervical mostró un valor de área bajo la curva de 0,857, mientras que para la longitud cervical este fue de 0,977. La diferencia de la capacidad de discriminación entre las áreas bajo la curva de cada prueba fue significativa (p < 0,0001). CONCLUSIÓN: El índice de consistencia cervical no es superior a la longitud cervical en la predicción de parto pretérmino inminente en pacientes sintomáticas.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the cervical consistency index with the cervical length in predicting imminent preterm delivery in symptomatic patients. METHOD: This prospective study was conducted in women with single pregnancies between 24 and 35 weeks, with a clinical diagnosis of threatened preterm delivery who attended the Central Hospital Dr. Urquinaona, in Maracaibo, Venezuela. At the time of diagnosis, the patients were evaluated using transvaginal ultrasound to establish the values of the cervical consistency index and cervical length. The main result was imminent delivery (in the 7 days following the evaluation). RESULTS: 657 patients were included, 152 women presented imminent preterm delivery (group A) and 505 were considered as controls (group B). No differences were found between the groups concerning maternal age, nulliparity, history of preterm delivery, history of smoking, and body mass index. Group A patients presented significantly lower values of cervical consistency index and cervical length compared to group B patients (p < 0.0001). The cervical consistency index and cervical length showed an area value under the curve of 0.857 and 0.977, respectively. The difference in the ability to discriminate between the areas under the curve of each test was significant (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The cervical consistency index is not superior to the cervical length in the prediction of imminent preterm delivery in symptomatic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cervix Uteri/diagnostic imaging , Obstetric Labor, Premature/diagnosis , Organ Size , Cervix Uteri/anatomy & histology , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Sensitivity and Specificity
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