Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 288
Filter
1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 275-279, sept.-oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348224

ABSTRACT

El SARS-CoV-2, causante de que estemos viviendo una pandemia mundial, tuvo sus orígenes en China, desde donde ha traspasado fronteras rápidamente, llegando a todos los rincones del mundo. Muchos han sido los equipos de investigación que se enfrentan el reto de conseguir una vacuna que logre combatir este mortal virus. Es por este motivo que en esta investigación se pretendió analizar la bibliografía referida a la vacuna Johnson & Johnson (J&J) contra COVID-19: distribución mundial de la vacuna, mecanismo de acción, indicaciones, contraindicaciones y efectos secundarios. Varios estudios demuestran que su eficacia varía de acuerdo con la edad y género de cada individuo; sin embargo, esta vacuna alcanzó un grado de certeza moderada. Los efectos adversos en su mayoría son leves y se resolvieron al cabo de dos días, siendo excepción algunos casos, ya que se registró un efecto adverso poco común denominado trombocitopenia prevalente en mujeres de 18 a 40 años, por este motivo, la FDA (Administración de Alimentos y Medicamentos de EE.UU.) recomienda la precaución en el uso de la vacuna con respecto a este efecto adverso que en algunos casos podría ser mortal (AU)


The SARS-CoV-2, which caused us to be experiencing a global pandemic, had its origins in China, from where it has crossed borders rapidly, reaching all corners of the world. Many research teams have faced the challenge of getting a vaccine to fight this deadly virus. For this reason, this research aimed to analyze the literature on the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine: global distribution of the vaccine, mechanism of action, indications, contraindications and side effects. Several studies show that its effectiveness varies according to the age and gender of each individual, but this vaccine reached a moderate degree of certainty. The adverse effects are mostly mild and resolved within two days, with some exceptions being a rare adverse effect called prevalent thrombocytopenia in women aged 18 to 40 years. For this reason, the FDA recommends caution in the use of the vaccine with respect to this potentially fatal adverse effect in some cases (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Contraindications, Drug , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19 Vaccines/supply & distribution , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Vaccines/pharmacology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , United States Food and Drug Administration , Viral Proteins , Effectiveness , RNA, Viral , Sex Factors , Age Factors , Virus Inactivation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922080

ABSTRACT

On the basis of introducing FDA's regulatory measure and relevant requirement for life-cycle management of combination product, this paper aims to discuss corresponding countermeasure for supervision system construction in consideration of domestic drug-device combination product's current situation, in order to promote innovative development of relevant industries.


Subject(s)
Device Approval , Drug Approval , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1471-1476, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878179

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Taxanes are an essential class of antineoplastic agents used to treat various cancers and are a fundamental cause of hypersensitivity reactions. In addition, other adverse events, such as bone marrow toxicity and peripheral neuropathy, can lead to chemotherapy discontinuation. This study aimed to evaluate the safety of taxanes in the real world.@*METHODS@#Taxane-associated adverse events were identified by the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Preferred Terms and analyzed and compared by mining the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System pharmacovigilance database from January 2004 to December 2019. Reported adverse events, such as hypersensitivity reaction, bone marrow toxicity, and peripheral neuropathy, were analyzed with the following signal detection algorithms: reporting odds ratio (ROR), proportional reporting ratio (PRR), multi-item gamma Poisson shrinker (MGPS), Bayesian confidence propagation neural network (BCPNN), and logistic regression methods. Adverse outcome events and death outcome rates were compared between different taxane groups using Pearson's χ2 test, whereas significance was determined at P < 0.05 with a 95% confidence interval (CI).@*RESULTS@#A total of 966 reports of hypersensitivity reactions, 1109 reports of bone marrow toxicity, and 1374 reports of peripheral neuropathy were analyzed. Compared with paclitaxel and docetaxel, bone marrow toxicity following the use of nab-paclitaxel had the highest ROR of 6.45 (95% two-sided CI, 6.05-6.88), PRR of 5.66, (χ2 = 4342.98), information component of 2.50 (95% one-sided CI = 2.34), and empirical Bayes geometric mean of 5.64 (95% one-sided CI = 5.34). Peripheral neuropathy following the use of nab-paclitaxel showed a higher ROR of 12.78 (95% two-sided CI, 11.55-14.14), PRR of 12.16 (χ2 = 4060.88), information component of 3.59 (95% one-sided CI = 3.25), and empirical Bayes geometric mean of 12.07 (95% one-sided CI = 11.09).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results showed that bone marrow toxicity and peripheral neuropathy were the major adverse events induced by taxanes. Nab-paclitaxel exhibited the highest potential for taxane-associated adverse events. Further research in the future is warranted to explain taxane-associated adverse effects in real-world circumstances.


Subject(s)
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , Bayes Theorem , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Taxoids/adverse effects , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Discuss the working ideas of the dynamic adjustment mechanism of medical device classification in the United States, and provide reference for the construction of medical device related mechanisms in China.@*METHODS@#Collect and interpret the documents of regulatory background, procedures and orders of the dynamic adjustment mechanism of the medical device classification in the United States, and summarize the overall situation and specific cases of the medical device classification adjustment under this mechanism in recent years.@*RESULTS@#The US work idea of the medical device classification dynamic adjustment mechanism is based on the latest valid scientific evidence, conducting risk analysis and identification, and determining the corresponding measures.@*CONCLUSIONS@#During the adjustment process, industry stakeholders have repeatedly discussed and achieved final agreement. Its procedures and working ideas can be used as a reference for China's work.


Subject(s)
China , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785350

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify causative agents of the drug-induced anaphylaxis (DIA) by using the Korea Institute of Drug Safety & Risk Management-Korea Adverse Event Reporting System (KIDS-KAERS) database (Ministry of Food and Drug Safety) in Korea and to check their labeling information regarding anaphylaxis.METHODS: Among Individual Case Safety Reports from January, 2008 to December 2017, cases of DIA were analyzed for demographics, causative agents and fatal cases resulting in death. The domestic drug labeling, Micromedex and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug package insert, were reviewed to check if the labeling information on suspected causative agents contains anaphylaxis.RESULTS: A total of 4,700 cases of DIA were analyzed. The mean age was 49.85±18.32 years, and 2,642 patients (56.2%) were females. Among 8,664 drugs reported as causative agents, antibiotics (27.4%) accounted for the largest portion. There were 18 fatal cases: antibiotics (7 cases), antineoplastic agents (4 cases) were the major causative drugs for the mortality cases. Of 513 drugs reported as suspected causative agents, 103 (20.1%) did not list anaphylaxis as an adverse effect on domestic drug labeling and 16 (3.1%) did not reflect anaphylaxis in any of 3 adverse drug information.CONCLUSION: Analysis of 10-year data showed that antibiotics were the main cause of DIA and the mortality rate was 0.7%. In 3.1% of suspected drugs, there was no description of anaphylaxis in any of the drug labeling.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antineoplastic Agents , Demography , Drug Labeling , Female , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Pharmacovigilance , United States Food and Drug Administration
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select potential molecules that can target viral spike proteins, which may potentially interrupt the interaction between the human angiotension-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor and viral spike protein by virtual screening.@*METHODS@#The three-dimensional (3D)-coordinate file of the receptor-binding domain (RBD)-ACE2 complex for searching a suitable docking pocket was firstly downloaded and prepared. Secondly, approximately 15,000 molecular candidates were prepared, including US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs from DrugBank and natural compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP), for the docking process. Then, virtual screening was performed and the binding energy in Autodock Vina was calculated. Finally, the top 20 molecules with high binding energy and their Chinese medicine (CM) herb sources were listed in this paper.@*RESULTS@#It was found that digitoxin, a cardiac glycoside in DrugBank and bisindigotin in TCMSP had the highest docking scores. Interestingly, two of the CM herbs containing the natural compounds that had relatively high binding scores, Forsythiae fructus and Isatidis radix, are components of Lianhua Qingwen (), a CM formula reportedly exerting activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-Cov-2. Moreover, raltegravir, an HIV integrase inhibitor, was found to have a relatively high binding score.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A class of compounds, which are from FDA-approved drugs and CM natural compounds, that had high binding energy with RBD of the viral spike protein. Our work provides potential candidates for other researchers to identify inhibitors to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, and highlights the importance of CM and integrative application of CM and Western medicine on treating COVID-19.


Subject(s)
China , Computer Simulation , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Drug Repositioning , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mass Screening , Methods , Molecular Docking Simulation , Methods , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Protein Binding , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
11.
Immune Network ; : 3-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811179

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), including anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 therapeutic agents, are now approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of various types of cancer. However, the therapeutic efficacy of ICIs varies among patients and cancer types. Moreover, most patients do not develop durable antitumor responses after ICI therapy due to an ephemeral reversal of T-cell dysfunction. As co-stimulatory receptors play key roles in regulating the effector functions of T cells, activating co-stimulatory pathways may improve checkpoint inhibition efficacy, and lead to durable antitumor responses. Here, we review recent advances in our understating of co-stimulatory receptors in cancers, providing the necessary groundwork for the rational design of cancer immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Costimulatory and Inhibitory T-Cell Receptors , Humans , Immunotherapy , T-Lymphocytes , United States Food and Drug Administration
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828191

ABSTRACT

According to users and places, blood glucose monitoring systems(BGMSs) can be divided into self-monitoring blood glucose test systems(SMBGs) and Point-of-Care Blood Glucose monitoring systems(POC-BGMSs). The Food and Drug Administration(FDA) believes that standards for SMBGs and POC-BGMSs should be different because of different operators, different use environments, different intendance uses and different applicable populations. Now the international standards for evaluating BGMSs include ISO 15197:2013 issued by International Organization for Standardization(ISO), two guidelines on blood glucose monitoring systems issued by FDA, and POCT12-A3 guidelines issued by the American Association for Clinical and Laboratory Standardization(CLSI), ISO standard and FDA guideline-OTC are applicable in SMBGs, CLSI guideline and FDA guideline-POCTI2-A3 are suitable for POC-BGMSs. By analyzing the accuracy evaluation processes of BGMSs based on four standard documents, it is found that the accuracy evaluation of medical BGMSs is more stringent. It is proposed that SMBGs and POC-BGMSs should be supervised separately.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Point-of-Care Systems , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select potential molecules that can target viral spike proteins, which may potentially interrupt the interaction between the human angiotension-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor and viral spike protein by virtual screening.@*METHODS@#The three-dimensional (3D)-coordinate file of the receptor-binding domain (RBD)-ACE2 complex for searching a suitable docking pocket was firstly downloaded and prepared. Secondly, approximately 15,000 molecular candidates were prepared, including US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs from DrugBank and natural compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP), for the docking process. Then, virtual screening was performed and the binding energy in Autodock Vina was calculated. Finally, the top 20 molecules with high binding energy and their Chinese medicine (CM) herb sources were listed in this paper.@*RESULTS@#It was found that digitoxin, a cardiac glycoside in DrugBank and bisindigotin in TCMSP had the highest docking scores. Interestingly, two of the CM herbs containing the natural compounds that had relatively high binding scores, Forsythiae fructus and Isatidis radix, are components of Lianhua Qingwen (), a CM formula reportedly exerting activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-Cov-2. Moreover, raltegravir, an HIV integrase inhibitor, was found to have a relatively high binding score.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A class of compounds, which are from FDA-approved drugs and CM natural compounds, that had high binding energy with RBD of the viral spike protein. Our work provides potential candidates for other researchers to identify inhibitors to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, and highlights the importance of CM and integrative application of CM and Western medicine on treating COVID-19.


Subject(s)
China , Computer Simulation , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Drug Repositioning , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mass Screening , Methods , Molecular Docking Simulation , Methods , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Protein Binding , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(5): e00033417, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001664

ABSTRACT

Durante o período de pós-comercialização, quando medicamentos são usados por grandes populações e por períodos de tempo maiores, eventos adversos (EA) inesperados podem ocorrer, o que pode alterar a relação risco-benefício dos medicamentos o suficiente para exigir uma ação regulatória. Eventos adversos são agravos à saúde que podem surgir durante o tratamento com um produto farmacêutico, os quais, no período de pós-comercialização do medicamento, podem requerer um aumento significativo de cuidados de saúde e resultar em danos desnecessários aos pacientes, muitas vezes fatais. Portanto, o quanto antes, a descoberta de EA no período de pós-comercialização é um objetivo principal do sistema de saúde. Alguns países possuem sistemas de vigilância farmacológica responsáveis pela coleta de relatórios voluntários de EA na pós-comercialização, mas estudos já demonstraram que, com a utilização de redes sociais, pode-se conseguir um número maior e mais rápido de relatórios. O objetivo principal deste projeto é construir um sistema totalmente automatizado que utilize o Twitter como fonte para encontrar EA novos e já conhecidos e fazer a análise estatística dos dados obtidos. Para isso, foi construído um sistema que coleta, processa, analisa e avalia tweets em busca de EA, comparando-os com dados da Agência Americana de Controle de Alimentos e Medicamentos (FDA) e do padrão de referência construído. Nos resultados obtidos, conseguimos encontrar EA novos e já existentes relacionados ao medicamento doxiciclina, o que demonstra que o Twitter, quando utilizado em conjunto com outras fontes de dados, pode ser útil para a farmacovigilância.


Durante el período de poscomercialización, cuando grandes poblaciones consumen medicamentos durante períodos más prolongados de tiempo, se pueden producir eventos adversos (EA) inesperados, lo que puede alterar la relación riesgo-beneficio de los medicamentos. Esta situación es suficiente para exigir una acción regulatoria. Los EA son agravios a la salud que pueden surgir durante el tratamiento con un producto farmacéutico, los cuales, durante el período de poscomercialización del medicamento, pueden requerir un aumento significativo de cuidados de salud y resultar en lesiones innecesarias para los pacientes, muchas veces fatales. Por lo tanto, el hallazgo anticipado de EA durante el período de poscomercialización es un objetivo primordial del sistema de salud. Algunos países cuentan con sistemas de vigilancia farmacológica, responsables de la recogida de informes voluntarios de EA durante la poscomercialización, pero algunos estudios ya demostraron que, con la utilización de las redes sociales, se puede conseguir un número de informes mayor y más rápido. El objetivo principal de este proyecto es construir un sistema totalmente automatizado que utilice Twitter como fuente para encontrar nuevos EA y ya conocidos, además de realizar un análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos. Para tal fin, se construyó un sistema que recoge, procesa, analiza y evalúa tweets en búsqueda de eventos adversos, comparándolos con datos de la Agencia Americana de Control de Alimentos y Medicamentos (FDA) y del estándar de referencia construido. En los resultados obtenidos, conseguimos encontrar nuevos eventos adversos y ya existentes, relacionados con el medicamento doxiciclina, lo que demuestra que Twitter, cuando es utilizado junto a otras fuentes de datos, puede ser útil para la farmacovigilancia.


During the post-marketing period, when medicines are used by large population contingents and for longer periods, unexpected adverse events (AE) can occur, potentially altering the drug's risk-benefit ratio enough to demand regulatory action. AE are health problems that can occur during treatment with a pharmaceutical product, which in the drug's post-marketing period can require a significant increase in health care and result in unnecessary and often fatal harm to patients. Therefore, a key objective for the health system is to identify AE as soon as possible in the post-marketing period. Some countries have pharmacovigilance systems responsible for collecting voluntary reports of post-marketing AE, but studies have shown that social networks can be used to obtain more and faster reports. The current project's main objective is to build a totally automated system using Twitter as a source to detect both new and previously known AE and conduct the statistical analysis of the resulting data. A system was thus built to collect, process, analyze, and assess tweets in search of AE, comparing them to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) data and the reference standard. The results allowed detecting new and existing AE related to the drug doxycycline, showing that Twitter can be useful in pharmacovigilance when employed jointly with other data sources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , Doxycycline/adverse effects , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/prevention & control , Data Mining/methods , Social Media , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration , Pharmaceutical Preparations/classification , Databases, Factual , Information Dissemination , Pharmacovigilance , Malaria/drug therapy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760206

ABSTRACT

Following the first successful trial of surfactant replacement therapy for preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) by Fujiwara in 1980, several animal-derived natural surfactants and synthetic surfactants have been developed. Synthetic surfactants were designed to overcome limitations of natural surfactants such as cost, immune reactions, and infections elicited by animal proteins contained in natural surfactants. However, first-generation synthetic surfactants that are protein-free have failed to prove their superiority over natural surfactants because they lack surfactant protein (SP). Lucinactant, a second-generation synthetic surfactant containing the SP-B analog, was better or at least as effective as the natural surfactant, suggesting that lucinactant could act an alternative to natural surfactants. Lucinactant was approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration in March 2012 as the fifth surfactant to treat neonatal RDS. CHF5633, a second-generation synthetic surfactant containing SP-B and SP-C analogs, was effective and safe in a human multicenter cohort study for preterm infants. Many comparative studies of natural surfactants used worldwide have reported different efficacies for different preparations. However, these differences are believed to due to site variations, not actual differences. The more important thing than the composition of the surfactant in improving outcome is the timing and mode of administration of the surfactant. Novel synthetic surfactants containing synthetic phospholipid incorporated with SP-B and SP-C analogs will potentially represent alternatives to natural surfactants in the future, while improvement of treatment modalities with less-invasive or noninvasive methods of surfactant administration will be the most important task to be resolved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cohort Studies , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pulmonary Surfactants , Surface-Active Agents , United States Food and Drug Administration
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 152-158, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759927

ABSTRACT

CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy, a genetically engineered cell therapy, showed unprecedented efficacy in the treatment of relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Two agents, axicabtagene ciloleucel and tisagenlecleucel, were approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2017. However, CAR-T therapy is a treatment with complex logistics and high costs, as well as inherent adverse events, including cytokine-release syndrome and neurotoxicity. In addition, predictive biomarkers for efficacy and toxicity are lacking. Industry-academy cooperation is urgently required to develop CAR-T therapy that is effective, safe, and affordable for patients in Korea.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Humans , Korea , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Organization and Administration , Receptors, Antigen , T-Lymphocytes , United States Food and Drug Administration
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759830

ABSTRACT

Disulfiram has been used for the treatment of alcohol dependence for nearly 65 years and is approved by the Food and Drug Administration. It causes negative reinforcement by accumulating toxic acetaldehyde due to irreversible inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase. Disulfiram has very few side effects when taken without alcohol. Epileptic seizure induction is a rare side effect in therapeutic doses, and its mechanism is unknown. We present a patient with a single epileptic seizure which was thought to be due to disulfiram used in the treatment of alcohol dependence. We did not find it ethical to administer disulfiram again because the patient discontinued alcohol use and was afraid of epileptic seizures.


Subject(s)
Acetaldehyde , Alcoholism , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Disulfiram , Epilepsy , Humans , Reinforcement, Psychology , United States Food and Drug Administration
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766822

ABSTRACT

Cefepime is a fourth-generation cephalosporin, developed in 1994, and is well known for its adverse effects. In 2002, the Food and Drug Administration adjusted the labeling to account for increased risk of seizures, encephalopathy and myoclonus, especially in the setting of renal impairment. Here we present a case of an 86-year-old female, undergoing Cefepime treatment, with encephalopathy mimicking acute stroke.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Brain Diseases , Female , Humans , Myoclonus , Seizures , Stroke , United States Food and Drug Administration
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766771

ABSTRACT

Nuedexta (dextromethorphan and quinidine) is an Food and Drug Administration approved medication for pseudobulbar affect. Interestingly, this drug was recently reported to improve speech, swallowing, and the ability to handle oral secretions along with emotional lability in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with bulbar symptoms. We report a Korean ALS patient whose bulbar function improved after administering Nuedexta for 6 months, extending therapeutic choice of approach in treating ALS patients.


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Deglutition , Dextromethorphan , Humans , Quinidine , United States Food and Drug Administration
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766584

ABSTRACT

European Medicines Agency withdrew valsartan from European market in July 2018 because it was contaminated with carcinogen, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA). Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency also found the same contamination and withdrew it from England market. US Food and Drug Administration followed the action after confirming its contamination. Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) conducted testing all the valsartans at Korean market and withdrew some of them from market after confirming the contamination with NDMA. MFDS provided the pharmaceutical companies and laboratory institutions with the manual for testing both NDMA and NDEA and educated relevant personnels. MFDS also evaluated the health impact of the contaminated valsartan on the hypertensive patients who took the valsartan, which was shown to be very low risk of additional cancer incidence. MFDS pronounced strengthening of the safety management for the raw materials of the medicines. For guaranteeing the safety of medicines, more comprehensive drug safety management system from developing new drugs to consuming the medicines should be established. For achieving such a goal, active participation of all the stakeholders of the medicines including governmental agencies including MFDS and Ministry of Health and Welfare, the National Assembly, healthcare professionals, pharmaceutical companies, mass media, and general population including patients should be needed.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents , Delivery of Health Care , Diethylnitrosamine , Dimethylnitrosamine , England , Humans , Incidence , Mass Media , Safety Management , United States Food and Drug Administration , Valsartan
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL