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1.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 15(1): 56-61, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281221

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La producción científica ocupa un lugar importante en la formación de estudiantes de medicina. Siendo el objetivo de la Revista ANACEM la promoción temprana de la formación científica de los futuros profesionales médicos, es importante conocer quiénes publican en la revista y sus afiliaciones universitarias. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a los autores de la revista ANACEM entre los años 2007 y 2018. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo. La población estudiada fueron todos los autores con publicaciones en la revista ANACEM, excluyendo publicaciones dentro del mismo Volumen. Datos obtenidos directamente de los números publicados por ANACEM digitalmente. Se utilizó el programa Microsoft Excel® para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: Los Volúmenes 5, 6 y 7 fueron los que tuvieron más autores de pregrado. En la totalidad de los Volúmenes la mayoría de los autores fueron hombres, tanto estudiantes como docentes. Un 52,1% de los autores de pregrado fueron internos; mientras que la mayoría de los docentes, 43,7%, fueron médicos especialistas. La Universidad de Concepción fue la universidad con mayor cantidad de autores de pregrado y de docentes. Un 51,8% de los docentes informó afiliación a un hospital. La nacionalidad más común fue la chilena, con un 90,1% de la totalidad de los autores. Discusión: Se vio un aumento en la cantidad de autores de pregrado hasta el Volumen N°7, con un descenso posterior. Se atribuyó el cambio en la cantidad de autores a problemas en la gestión y divulgación de la revista. Las afiliaciones universitarias no fueron informadas siempre por los docentes. Las otras categorías siguen patrones esperados.


INTRODUCTION: Scientific production has an important place in the training of medical students, but there is no clear pictureof the authors in the ANACEM journal. For this reason, it is important to know who publishes in the magazine and their affiliations. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the authors of the ANACEM journal between 2007 and 2018. Material and method: Retrospective study. The population studied were all authors with publications in the ANACEM journal, excluding repeating publications within the same volume. The data was obtained directly from the numbers published by ANACEM digitally. The software used for statistical analysis was Microsoft Excel®. Results: Volumes 5, 6 and 7 had the most undergraduate authors. When analyzing all volumes, the majority of both student authors and professional authors were men. 52.1% of undergraduate authors were interns; while 43.7% of tutors were medical specialists. The university with the largest number of authors was Universidad de Concepción. 51.8% of professional authors reported affiliation to a hospital. The most common nationality was Chilean, with 90.1% of all authors. Discussion: There was an increase in the number of undergraduate authors up to volume n°7, with a subsequent decrease. Changes in the number of authors were attributed to problems in management and divulgation of the journal. Affiliation to universities was not always informed by professionals. The other categories follow expected patterns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Authorship , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Biomedical Research
2.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 15(1): 33-41, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283060

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El Concurso Nacional de Ingreso al Sistema Nacional de Servicio de Salud (CONISS) es una de las modalidades más conocidas para acceder a una especialización médica en Chile. Se basa en la evaluación de 5 rubros diferentes y en los últimos años no ha sido capaz de cubrir la demanda de los postulantes haciendo necesario un mejor conocimiento de este. El objetivo del estudio es describir los resultados del concurso CONISS de los últimos 4 años según las universidades de los participantes. Material y método: Estudio observacional, corte transversal, descriptivo. Asociación de puntajes obtenidos por los estudiantes con su respectiva universidad, obteniéndose datos de la página de superintendencia de Salud y utilizándose software Microsoft Excel® para su procesamiento. Resultados: El total de egresados fue de 6.092, provenientes de 22 universidades chilenas. Destaca la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile por liderar en el rubro 1 y el puntaje total durante los 4 años y la Universidad Pedro de Valdivia por encontrarse en el último puesto. Los rubros 4 y 5 fueron los que más se completaron. Las universidades con mejor desempeño en el rubro 1 fueron también las que obtuvieron mejor desempeño en el puntaje final. Discusión: El rubro 1 es el que posee mayor importancia en el resultado final del concurso y no se encuentra estandarizado entre universidades quedando sujeto al criterio de cada institución. No completar el resto de los rubros representa una desventaja comparativa pues la mayoría tiene buenos puntajes, pero estos resultados se ven limitados en gran medida por las calificaciones.


INTRODUCTION: The National Entrance Contest to the National Health Service System (CONISS) is one of the best known modalities to access a medical specialization in Chile. It is based on the evaluation of 5 different areas (items) and in recent years it has not been able to meet the demand of the applicants, making it necessary to know more about the subject. The objective of the study is to describe the results of the CONISS by university for the last 4 years. Material and method: Observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study. Association of scores obtained by students with their respective university, obtaining data from the Superintendency of Health page and using Microsoft Excel® software for processing. Results: The total number of graduates was 6,092, from 22 Chilean universities. The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile stands out for leading in item 1 and the total score during the 4 years and "Pedro de Valdivia" University for being in the last position. Items 4 and 5 were the most completed. The universities with the best performance in item 1 were also the ones that obtained the best performance in the final score. Discussion: Item 1 is the one that has the greatest importance in the final result of the contest and is not standardized among universities, being subject to the criteria of each institution. Not achieving the other items implies a comparative disadvantage as most participants have good scores, but these results are largely limited by grades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement , Chile , Health Postgraduate Programs , Observational Study , Academic Performance , Medicine
3.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 32: e3215, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study aimed to analyze the perceptions of self-efficacy (SE) of university students of Physical Education from a public institution of higher education, relating the perception to personal, academic and professional characteristics. A total of 246 students undergraduate in courses of Physical Education participated in the study. The results obtained in the characterization form and in the Self-efficacy Scale in Higher Education were analyzed in the SPSS program by means of descriptive statistics (absolute and relative frequencies, median) and inferential (Chi-square, Adjusted Residues, Cramer's V). In general, the evidence revealed associations between student (general, academic, regulatory, proactive, social, and management) dimensions and the receipt of research and monitoring scholarships (non-scholarship <scholarship), gender (female> Male) and the presence of an employment relationship (yes> no). The predominance of lower AE scores, regardless of the stage of the student's education, as well as the apparent lack of impact of extension scholarships on student AE levels indicate the need to deepen student development throughout the course , as well as the implementation of the projects and activities of the scholarship extension students in the investigated institution.


RESUMO Este estudo buscou analisar as percepções de autoeficácia (AE) de estudantes universitários de Educação Física de uma instituição pública de Ensino Superior, relacionando-as com as características pessoais, acadêmicas e profissionais. Participaram da investigação 246 estudantes regularmente matriculados nos cursos de Licenciatura e de Bacharelado em Educação Física. Os resultados obtidos na ficha de caracterização e na Escala de Autoeficácia no Ensino Superior foram analisados no programa SPSS, por meio de estatística descritiva (frequências absoluta e relativa, mediana) e inferencial (Qui-quadrado, Resíduos Ajustados, V de Cramer). Em geral, as evidências revelaram associações entre as dimensões da AE discente (geral, acadêmica, regulação, proativa, social e gestão) e o recebimento de bolsas de pesquisa e de monitoria (não bolsista<bolsista), o sexo (masculino<feminino) e a presença de vínculo empregatício (sim>não). A predominância de menores escores de AE, independentemente da etapa da formação em que o estudante se encontra e a aparente falta de impacto das bolsas de extensão sobre os níveis de AE discente indicam a necessidade de aprofundar o desenvolvimento dos estudantes ao longo do curso, bem como a implementação dos projetos e atuação dos estudantes bolsistas de extensão na instituição investigada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Self Efficacy , Education, Higher , Physical Education and Training , Sports/education , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Projects , Fellowships and Scholarships/statistics & numerical data
4.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200067, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155464

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To quantify the prevalence and related factors to the risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa in undergraduate students at a private university in Bogotá, Colombia. Methods A cross-sectional study, which evaluated the frequency of food consumption, physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire, short form), the risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa (Sick, Control, One, Fat, and Food questionnaire) and demographic variables. The statistical analysis used a multivariate logistic regression model, where the outcome was the yes/no risk of anorexia or bulimia nervosa. Results A total of 1,545 university students participated. The average age was 19.2 years (+/-2.5), 65.7% were women, and 63.9% came from Bogotá. The risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa was 27.6%. In the logistic regression, the risk was associated with female sex (OR 1.6 CI95% 1.2 to 2.1), daily consumption of cereals (OR 0.7 CI95% 0.6 to 0.9), daily fat consumption (OR 1.5 CI95% 1.1 to 2.1), eat light products (OR 1.8 CI95% 1.1 to 2.9), consume protein supplements (OR 0.4 CI95% 0.2 to 0.8), being in disagreement with physical activity for fun (OR 1.8 CI95% 1.1 to 3.1), and physical activity by appearance (OR 2.2 CI95% 1.6 to 2.9). Conclusions The prevalence of risk to anorexia and bulimia nervosa in the study sample is high. The associated factors were the consumption of cereals, fat, light products, and protein supplements. Physical activity by appearance and disagreement to do exercise by fun were associated with the risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. So it is recommended that universities implement awareness and education interventions to address this problem.


RESUMO Objetivo Quantificar a prevalência e os fatores relacionados ao risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa em estudantes de graduação de uma universidade particular de Bogotá, Colômbia. Métodos Estudo transversal, que avaliou a frequência de consumo alimentar, atividade física (ferramenta (Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física, versão curta), risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa (Questionário de doença, controle, um, gordura e comida) e variáveis demográficas. A análise estatística utilizou um modelo de regressão logística multivariada, em que o resultado foi o risco sim / não de anorexia ou bulimia nervosa. Resultados Participaram 1.545 estudantes universitários. A idade média era de 19,2 anos (+/- 2,5), 65,7% eram mulheres e 63,9% eram de Bogotá. O risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa foi de 27,6%. Na regressão logística, o risco foi associado ao sexo feminino (OR 1,6 IC95% 1,2 a 2,1), consumo diário de cereais (OR 0,7 IC95% 0,6 a 0,9), consumo diário de gordura (OR 1,5 IC95% 1,1 a 2,1), comer produtos leves (OR 1,8 IC95% 1,1 a 2,9), consomem suplementos proteicos (OR 0,4 IC95% 0,2 a 0,8), discordam de atividade física para se divertir (OR 1,8 IC95% 1,1 a 3,1) e atividade física pela aparência (OR 2,2 CI95% 1,6 a 2,9). Conclusão A prevalência de risco para anorexia e bulimia nervosa na amostra do estudo é alta. Os fatores associados foram o consumo de cereais, gorduras, produtos light e suplementos proteicos. A atividade física pela aparência e a discordância para fazer exercício pela diversão estiveram associadas ao risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa. Portanto, é recomendado que as universidades implementem intervenções de conscientização e educação para resolver esse problema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Bulimia Nervosa/epidemiology
5.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 623-631, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134549

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Al año 1991 sólo existían tres carreras de odontología en Chile: Universidad de Chile (1911), Universidad de Concepción (1919) y la Universidad de Valparaíso (1955 como sede de la U. de Chile). Actualmente, existen 21 universidades que dictan un total de 32 carreras de odontología, titulando aproximadamente 1500 nuevos profesionales cada año, lo cual, aparte de disparar las cifras de profesionales en nuestro sistema, levanta la duda de cuantos estudiantes se encuentran en formación y cuál es el perfil de admisión que se establece en estas instituciones. El objetivo de este artículo es conocer las cifras de los procesos de admisión, matrícula financiamiento y acreditación universitarios y discutirlas en base a la cantidad de profesionales habilitados para trabajar en nuestro sistema para así reflejar la situación actual que vive la Odontología en Chile. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado en base a la revisión de las bases estadísticas públicas. A pesar de sus altos costos asociados a la implementación de espacios y materiales, la carrera sigue siendo altamente postulada. Los nuevos ingresos rondan en alrededor de 2.20 0 para primer año, llegando aproximadamente a 14.300 estudiantes en todos los niveles para el 2019. El Estado de Chile debería abordar los problemas que se desprenden de estos indicadores, a través de una discusión seria y sistemática, incorporando diversos actores y basándose en información sobre la real necesidad de atención en salud de la población y la disponibilidad estructural del sistema de salu d público y privado para soportar determinado número de profesionales. La apertura de nuevas carreras de odontología se visualiza como un problema, mientras el país avanza a pasos lentos en una regulación que es requerida de manera urgente.


ABSTRACT: In 1991 there were only three dental programs in Chile: Universidad de Chile (1911), Universidad de Concepción (1919) and Universidad de Valparaíso (1955, as campus of U. de Chile). Currently, there are 21 universities that teach a total of 32 dental programs, graduating approximately 1500 new professionals each year, which, in addition to increasing the number of dentists in our system, raises the question as to how many students are in training, and what is the admission profile established by these institutions. The aim of this article is to know the number of admissions, registration, financing, and university accreditation process, based on the number of qualified professionals working in our system, in order to reflect the current situation of dentistry in Chile. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out based on the review of the public statistical resources. Despite the high cost of the program, associated with the implementation and materials, the program has many applicants. The number of enrolled students each year in the first semester is around 2200. Therefore, a high number of students are currently enrolled in all semesters, totalling approximately 14,300 in 2019. The Chilean government should address this problem based on information about the real need for healthcare of the population, within the framework of the public and private health system to support a certain number of professionals. The opening of new dental programs is viewed as a problem, while the country is advancing slowly in a regulation that is urgently required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentists/supply & distribution , Education, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Accreditation/standards , Students, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Workforce/statistics & numerical data
6.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e200058, 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136693

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the food environment of a public university located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to review the changes that occurred between the years 2011 and 2016. Methods Time trend study (through repeated cross-sectional studies) of the sale of food, culinary preparations and beverages in the University Campus establishments in 2011, 2012 and 2016. Variables regarding the description of the establishments and the offer, price and advertising of food, beverages and culinary preparations were assessed through a checklist. Comparisons between establishments in each year and the analysis of such comparison changes during the period were performed by assessing the difference between absolute and relative values observed in each year. Results Increased number of establishments available, good convenience and financial accessibility were observed. There was a relative disadvantage in the availability of fresh or minimally processed foods and culinary preparations; a predominance of advertising of ultra-processed foods; and lack of nutritional information of culinary preparations. The predominance of establishments selling snacks and candies increased over the years. Conclusion In the period studied, the university food environment did not favor healthy food choices.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o ambiente alimentar de uma universidade pública localizada na cidade do Rio de Janeiro e analisar as mudanças nele ocorridas no período de 2011 a 2016. Métodos Estudo de tendência temporal (por meio de estudos transversais repetidos) da comercialização de alimentos, preparações e bebidas nos estabelecimentos existentes dentro do campus em 2011, 2012 e 2016. Foram examinadas, por meio de checklist, variáveis referentes à descrição dos estabelecimentos e a oferta, preço e propaganda de alimentos, bebidas e preparações. A comparação entre os estabelecimentos e a análise das variações verificadas no período foi realizada com base no exame das diferenças entre valores absolutos e relativos observadas em cada ano. Resultados Foram observados aumento da disponibilidade de estabelecimentos, boa comodidade e acessibilidade financeira. Verificou-se desvantagem relativa da disponibilidade de alimentos in natura ou minimamente processados e de preparações, predominância de propaganda de alimentos ultraprocessados e ausência de informações nutricionais das preparações. A predominância de estabelecimentos que comercializavam lanches e guloseimas se acentuou no período. Conclusão No período estudado, o ambiente alimentar universitário não favoreceu escolhas alimentares saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Universities/statistics & numerical data , Snacks , Food/statistics & numerical data , Beverages , Food Services
7.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 57, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101861

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe drug consumption and the co-occurrence use of more than one illegal drug as well as associated factors in freshmen at a public university in Southern Brazil. METHODS Cross-sectional study with census of students entering undergraduate courses in 2017. A total of 1,788 university students answered questions about illicit drug use. For analysis, ordinal logistic regression was used. RESULTS Marijuana was the most consumed drug (lifetime: 42.1%; 30-day use: 22.7%), followed by hallucinogens (lifetime: 13.1%, 30-day use: 2.8%). Rates for lifetime use of 0, 1 and 2 or more drugs were 56.2%, 23.3% and 20.4%, respectively, and were associated with men (OR = 2.2; 95%CI:1.4-3.5), being at least 23 years old (OR = 2.7; 95%CI: 1.4-5.1), under 18 years old first experimentation with drugs (OR = 2.3; 95%CI: 1.3-3.9) and living with friends (OR = 2.0; 95%CI: 1.2-3.4). Rates for 30-day use of 0, 1 and 2 or more drugs were 76.8%; 18.1% and 5.1%, respectively, and were associated with being single, separated or widowed (OR = 3.2; 95%CI: 1.4-7.0), lower socioeconomic classes (OR = 0.3; 95%CI: 0.1-1.1; p = 0.001), under 18 years old first experimentation with drugs (OR = 1.8; 95%CI: 1.1-2.9) and living with friends (OR = 1.8 95%CI: 1.2-2.8). CONCLUSION Results indicate that students are at greater risk of illicit drug-related health problems. Thus, a better understanding of this consumption should be pursued, as well as the development of a prevention plan.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
8.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 31: e3179, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134738

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A pesquisa descritiva teve por objetivo verificar os diferentes perfis de docentes universitários de Educação Física, considerando à satisfação no trabalho e sua relação com as variáveis sociodemográficas e profissionais. Foram investigados 99 docentes de Educação Física, com vínculo em instituições públicas e privadas do Paraná. Na coleta de dados, questionários foram empregados para identificar o perfil sociodemográfico e Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho. Na análise estatística, foi utilizada a Análise de Cluster, o teste Qui-quadrado e os testes de Kruskal-Wallis com post hoc de Comparação Múltipla de Dunn. Os resultados evidenciaram três grupos de docentes: o Grupo 1 apresentou insatisfação, sobretudo, com a integração social e com o trabalho e espaço total de vida. O Grupo 2 mostrou-se pouco satisfeito com as condições de trabalho e com a integração social. E, o Grupo 3 apresentou maior satisfação profissional, entretanto, possuíam menor tempo de atuação na universidade. Por fim, conclui-se que os aspectos sociodemográficos e profissionais são fatores intervenientes na satisfação com o trabalho docente.


ABSTRACT The descriptive research had as objective to verify the different professor's profiles of Physical Education, considering the satisfaction in the work and its relation with the sociodemographic and professional variables. We investigated 99 Physical Education college professors, with links in public and private institutions of Paraná. In the data collection, questionnaires were used to identify the sociodemographic profile and Quality of Life at Work. In the satistical analysis was used to Cluster analysis, Chi-square test and the Kruskal-Wallis test with post hoc Dunn's Multiple Comparison. The results showed three groups of college professors: Group 1 showed dissatisfaction, above all, with social integration and with work and total living space. Group 2 was dissatisfied with working conditions and social integration. And, Group 3 presented higher professional satisfaction, however, they had a shorter time in the university. Finally, we conclude that the socio-demographic and professional aspects are factors that intervene in the satisfaction with the professors job.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Physical Education and Training/statistics & numerical data , Faculty/education , Quality of Life , Teaching/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 398-404, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1053328

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: estimar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout entre trabalhadores de uma universidade na fronteira franco brasileira e verificar os fatores associados. Método: estudo transversal e descritivo realizado com 53 trabalhadores de uma universidade localizada na fronteira franco brasileira, através de formulários eletrônicos (google docs). Resultados: predomínio do sexo masculino (56,6%), faixa etária de 30 a 39 anos (64,2%), solteiros (47,2%), se declaram pardos (49,1%), especialistas (34%) e sem filhos (75,5%). Destes, 26,4% indivíduos tem a possibilidade de desenvolver a síndrome, 37,8% estão em fase inicial da síndrome, 22,6% a síndrome começa a se instalar e 13,2% estar em uma fase considerável da síndrome, tendo como preditor a variável sexo (p=0,01). Conclusão: nenhum dos entrevistados pontuou na categoria (nenhum indício de Burnout), o que torna preocupante as condições de trabalhos que estão submetidos, sendo imperativo medidas preventivas que retardem ou impossibilitem o adoecimento mental dentre a população investigada


Objective: to estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among university workers at the Brazilian Free Frontier and to verify the associated factors. Method: a cross - sectional and descriptive study carried out with 53 workers from a university located on the Brazilian - Brazilian border, using electronic forms (google docs). Results: male (56.6%), 30 to 39 years old (64.2%), single (47.2%), brown (49.1%), specialists (34%) and without children (75.5%). Of these, 26,4% individuals have the possibility to develop the syndrome, 37,8% are in the initial phase of the syndrome, 22,6% the syndrome begins to settle and 13,2% are in a considerable phase of the syndrome, having as predictor the gender variable (p = 0.01). Conclusion: none of the interviewees scored in the category (no evidence of Burnout), which makes the conditions of work that are submitted worrisome, being imperative preventive measures that delay or prevent mental illness among the population investigated


Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout entre trabajadores de una universidad en la frontera franca brasileña y verificar los factores asociados. Método: estudio transversal y descriptivo realizado con 53 trabajadores de una universidad ubicada en la frontera franca brasileña, a través de formularios electrónicos (google docs). Resultados: predominio del sexo masculino (56,6%), grupo de edad de 30 a 39 años (64,2%), solteros (47,2%), se declaran pardos (49,1%), especialistas (34%), y sin hijos (75,5%). De estos, 26,4% individuos tienen la posibilidad de desarrollar la síndrome, 37,8% están en fase inicial del síndrome, 22,6% a síndrome comienza a instalarse y 13,2% estar en una fase considerable de la síndrome, teniendo como predictor la variable sexo (p = 0,01). Conclusión: ninguno de los entrevistados puntuó en la categoría (ningún indicio de Burnout), lo que hace preocupante las condiciones de trabajos que están sometidos, siendo imperativo medidas preventivas que retarden o imposibiliten el enfermo mental entre la población investigada


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Border Health , /prevention & control , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , French Guiana/epidemiology
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4745, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039746

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the prevalence of and factors associated with the use of methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement among undergraduate students. Methods Simple random sample of students of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (n=438), invited to answer an online questionnaire about the use of methylphenidate. Data collection occurred from September 2014 to January 2015. The sample was described by means of proportions, means and standard deviations. A multivariate analysis was performed using the Classification and Regression Tree algorithm to classify the cases of use of methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement in groups, based on the exposure variables. Results Out of 378 students included, 5.8% (n=22) reported using methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement; in that, 41% (9/22) in the 4 weeks prior to the survey. The housing situation was the variable most often associated with the use of methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement. Eleven students reported using methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement and other purposes 4 weeks prior to the survey, 27% of whom had no medical prescription to purchase it. Conclusion The use of methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement is frequent among Brazilian undergraduate students and should be considered a serious public health problem, especially due to risks of harm and adverse effects associated with its use.


RESUMO Objetivo Estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de metilfenidato para neuroaprimoramento entre estudantes universitários. Métodos Amostra aleatória simples de discentes da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (n=438), convidados a responder um questionário online sobre o consumo de metilfenidato. A coleta ocorreu de setembro de 2014 a janeiro de 2015. A amostra foi descrita em termos de proporções, médias e desvio padrão. A análise multivariada foi realizada utilizando o algoritmo Classification and Regression Tree para classificação dos casos de uso do metilfenidato para neuroaprimoramento em grupos, com base nas variáveis de exposição. Resultados Dos 378 alunos incluídos, 5,8% (n=22) declararam ter feito uso de metilfenidato para neuroaprimoramento, sendo 41% (9/22) nas 4 semanas anteriores à pesquisa. A situação da moradia foi a variável mais associada ao uso de metilfenidato para neuroaprimoramento. Relataram o uso do metilfenidato para neuroaprimoramento e outros fins nas 4 semanas anteriores à pesquisa 11 estudantes, sendo que 27% não apresentaram prescrição médica para adquiri-lo. Conclusão O uso de metilfenidato para neuroaprimoramento ocorre no meio acadêmico brasileiro e deve ser considerado sério problema de saúde pública, principalmente diante dos riscos de danos e efeitos adversos associados ao seu uso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Nootropic Agents/administration & dosage , Nootropic Agents/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Stimulants/administration & dosage , Socioeconomic Factors , Students/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Decision Trees , Exercise/psychology , Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Off-Label Use/statistics & numerical data , Methylphenidate/administration & dosage
11.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(2): 32-35, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026360

ABSTRACT

país, es estatal y gratuita y su matrícula supera los 300.000 alumnos. La Facultad de Medicina de la UBA concentra el mayor número de estudiantes de carreras universitarias dedicadas al estudio de la salud humana en la Argentina. El término "deserción universitaria" es utilizado para describir el comportamiento de los alumnos que abandonaron los estudios, sin reparar en las razones o circunstancias que determinaron el abandono. Presentamos un análisis cuantitativo del número de ingresantes y egresados de la carrera de Medicina y proponemos iniciar el debate sobre las causas de la deserción universitaria en nuestra carrera.


The University of Buenos Aires (UBA) integrates the university system of our country, is state and free and its enrollment exceeds 300,000 students. The Faculty of Medicine of the UBA concentrates the largest number of university students dedicated to the study of human health in Argentina. The term "college desertion" is used to describe the behavior of students who dropped out of school, regardless of the reasons or circumstances that led to the abandonment. We present a quantitative analysis of the number of entrants and graduates of the Medicine career and we propose to start the debate on the causes of the university dropout in our career.


Subject(s)
Schools, Medical , Student Dropouts/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Academic Failure
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(5): 579-588, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014267

ABSTRACT

Background: Quality of life and psychological well-being are readily hampered by depression. The changes that students face during college life impact their psychological health and well-being, including the emergence of mental health problems like depression Aim: To determine the relationship between depressive symptoms, sociodemographic parameters and psychological well-being in undergraduate university students. Material and Methods: Five hundred eighty university students of both sexes, from the Metropolitan and IX Regions of Chile answered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA) and the Ryff's psychological well-being scale. Results: Twenty eight percent of respondents had clinically significant depressive symptoms, and these were more frequent in women. There was an inverse and statistically significant relationship between psychological well-being and depressive symptoms. This fact was especially marked in dimensions of autonomy, positive relationships with others and purpose in life. Conclusions: There is a high frequency of depressive symptoms among these students. We discuss whether psychological well-being and depressive symptomatology represent two extremes within a continuum or they are two independent dimensions that can account for differential causal mechanisms linked to mental health and illness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Students/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Socioeconomic Factors , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Chile/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution
13.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 60-68, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004843

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Stress and insomnia are increasing problems in young people in highly developed countries. They influence both the physical and psychological aspects of life and seem to be related to each other. Various strategies to cope with stress exist and can be used to reduce its level. The main goal of our study was to find a relationship between insomnia, stress, stress-coping strategies and selected social and medical factors among students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in March 2017 among students of seven public Krakow universities, using the Perceived Stress Scale 10, an abbreviated version of the Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced inventory (mini-COPE inventory) and the Athens Insomnia Scale. In the statistical analysis, the chi-square, Student's t test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient were used. Results: A total of 264 students aged 22.22±1.5 years were involved in the study. High stress levels occurred in 10% of the respondents. A statistically higher level of stress was revealed in people suffering from chronic diseases (p=0.006) and in cigarette smokers (p=0.004). The most common stress-coping strategies were active coping and planning. Insomnia was present in 19.7% of the students. Insomnia level was correlated with the intensity of perceived stress (p=0.00; r=0.44). Conclusions: According to our study, one tenth of Krakow students perceive a high level of stress, and one fifth of the respondents suffer from insomnia. There is a strong positive correlation between level of insomnia and level of stress. To ensure high quality of life, problems such as stress and insomnia should be taken into consideration by every general practitioner.


Resumo Introdução: Estresse e insônia são problemas cada vez mais presentes em pessoas jovens em países altamente desenvolvidos. Eles influenciam tanto os aspectos físicos quanto os psicológicos da vida e parecem estar relacionados entre si. Várias estratégias de enfrentamento (coping) do estresse existem e podem ser usadas para reduzir seu nível. O objetivo principal deste estudo foi investigar a relação entre insônia, estresse, estratégias de coping, e certos fatores sociais e médicos em estudantes. Métodos: Um estudo transversal foi conduzido em março de 2017 com estudantes de sete universidades públicas da Cracóvia, na Polônia, utilizando a Escala de Estresse Percebido 10, uma versão abreviada do Inventário para Medir Estratégias de Enfrentamento de Estresse (mini-COPE) e a Athens Insomnia Scale. Na análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes qui-quadrado, t de Student e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: Um total de 264 estudantes com idade média de 22,22±1,5 anos foram incluídos no estudo. Altos níveis de estresse ocorreram em 10% dos respondentes. Um nível estatisticamente mais alto de estresse foi revelado em pessoas sofrendo de doenças crônicas (p=0,006) e em fumantes (p=0,004). As estratégias de coping mais comuns foram coping ativo e planejamento. A insônia esteve presente em 19,7% dos alunos. O nível de insônia se correlacionou com a intensidade do estresse percebido (p=0,00; r=0,44). Conclusões: De acordo com este estudo, um décimo dos estudantes de Cracóvia percebe um alto nível de estresse, e um quinto dos respondentes sofrem de insônia. Há uma forte correlação positiva entre nível de insônia e nível de estresse. Para garantir alta qualidade de vida, problemas como estresse e insônia devem ser levados em consideração pelo médico generalista.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Adaptation, Psychological , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Cigarette Smoking/epidemiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Poland/epidemiology , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(1): 3-8, Jan.-Feb. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-990667

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To point out limits and possibilities involved in the teaching and learning process of undergraduate students from Health of a Federal Public Higher Education Institution on breastfeeding. Method: Instantaneous photography study carried out in undergraduate courses in the area of Health with professors and students involved in the teaching and learning process on breastfeeding. For data collection, the Focal Group technique was used with the students and the semi-structured interview with the professors. The speeches were submitted to the thematic content analysis of Bardin. Results: It was identified the thematic category: Limits and possibilities for the teaching and learning process on breastfeeding, from two sub-categories: Structural limitations of the courses; and Advances and obstacles in the relationship between theory and practice. Final considerations: Limits indicated as workload deficit and professor-centered teaching made progress in learning about breastfeeding difficult, and interdisciplinarity was a step forward in this process.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Aponte límites y posibilidades involucrados en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de graduandos del área de la Salud de una Institución de Enseñanza Superior Pública Federal sobre el tema "lactancia materna". Método: Estudio de fotografía instantánea realizado en los cursos de graduación del área de la Salud con profesores y estudiante involucrados en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de la temática sobre lactancia materna. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó la técnica de Grupo Focal con los estudiantes, y la entrevista semiestructurada con los profesores. Las palabras se sometieron al análisis de contenido temático de Bardin. Resultados: Se identificó la categoría temática: Límites y posibilidades para el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje en la temática sobre lactancia materna, a partir de dos subcategorías: Limitaciones de la estructura de los cursos; y Avances y obstáculos en la relación entre teoría y práctica. Consideraciones finales: Los límites apuntados como déficit de carga horaria y enseñanza centrada en el profesor dificultaron el progreso en el aprendizaje de la temática sobre lactancia materna, siendo la interdisciplinaridad un avance para ese proceso.


RESUMO Objetivo: Apontar limites e possibilidades envolvidos no processo de ensino-aprendizagem de graduandos da área da Saúde de uma Instituição de Ensino Superior Pública Federal sobre o tema "aleitamento materno". Método: Estudo de fotografia instantânea realizado nos cursos de graduação da área da Saúde com docentes e discentes envolvidos no processo de ensino-aprendizagem da temática sobre aleitamento materno. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizada a técnica de Grupo Focal com os discentes, e a entrevista semi-estruturada com os docentes. As falas foram submetidas à análise de conteúdo temática de Bardin. Resultados: Foi identificada a categoria temática: Limites e possibilidades para o processo de ensino-aprendizagem na temática sobre aleitamento materno, a partir de duas sub-categorias: Limitações da estrutura dos cursos; e Avanços e entraves na relação entre teoria e prática. Considerações finais: Os limites apontados como déficit de carga horária e ensino centrado no docente dificultaram o progresso na aprendizagem da temática sobre aleitamento materno, sendo a interdisciplinaridade um avanço para esse processo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students/psychology , Breast Feeding/methods , Curriculum/standards , Allied Health Personnel/education , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities/organization & administration , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Breast Feeding/trends , Health Education/methods , Health Education/trends , Data Collection , Interviews as Topic/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Focus Groups/methods , Qualitative Research , Allied Health Personnel/psychology , Allied Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 17-21, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-989998

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La enseñanza de la anatomía humana ha estado ligada históricamente al estudio de cadáveres humanos mediante la observación y la disección. A pesar del paso de los años y los avances en los textos e instrumentos multimediales, no se concibe su educación, sin incorporar los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje que se llevan a cabo en los laboratorios de anatomía. El propósito de esta investigación fue describir los recursos físicos, educativos, humanos y los métodos de fijación y conservación de las muestras cadavéricas de 12 universidades chilenas. Se desarrolló un estudio descriptivo donde se visitaron 12 laboratorios de anatomía humana, de los cuales 10 fueron remodelados posterior al año 2000. La capacidad máxima que presentaron fue de 103 estudiantes en promedio. Todos refirieron emplear algún tipo de material cadavérico, pero sólo 3 dijeron poseer un stock que les permite realizar prácticos íntegramente con estos elementos. Para la fijación y conservación el 75 % utiliza una fórmula con bajo porcentaje de formaldehído y otro 17 % lo utiliza a gran concentración. El promedio de los docentes que participan en los laboratorios fue de 11,7 por universidad, de los cuales sólo un 14,2 % presentan postítulo o postgrado en la especialidad. Se aprecia una escasa homogeneidad en la implementación de recurso humano, material cadavérico y métodos de conservación libre de formalina entre los laboratorios de anatomía humana de las universidades chilenas. Se requiere intercambiar experiencias, estandarizar y reconocer las mejores prácticas.


SUMMARY: The teaching of human anatomy has historically been linked to the study of human corpses through observation and dissection. Despite the advances in multimedia texts and instruments over the years, anatomy education is not understood without incorporating the teaching-learning processes in the anatomy laboratories. The purpose of thisresearch was to describe the physical, educational, human resources and methods of fixation and conservation of cadaveric samples from 12 Chilean universities. A descriptive study was carried out where 12 human anatomy laboratories were visited, of which 10 were remodeled after the year 2000. The maximum capacity average of the laboratories was 103 students. All those interviewed reported using some type of cadaveric material, but only 3 of the labs have sufficient stock to allow these elements to be used in real practice. For fixation and preservation, 75 % of labs use a low percentage formaldehyde, while 17 % use a high concentration. The average of teachers that participate in the laboratories was of 11.7 per university, of which only 14.2 % present graduate or postgraduate degree in the specialty. Homogeneity is scarce in Chilean universities in reference to the implementation of human resources, cadaveric samples and formalin-free conservation methods in human anatomy laboratories. Therefore, it is important to exchange experiences, standardize and recognize the best practices in this field.


Subject(s)
Universities/statistics & numerical data , Anatomy/education , Laboratories/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive
16.
CoDAS ; 31(6): e20180266, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039624

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar a prevalência do medo de falar em público e verificar sua associação com as variáveis sociodemográficas, autopercepção da voz, fala e habilidades de comunicação oral em público. Método estudo transversal analítico com 1124 universitários. Um questionário online abordou características sociodemográficas, medo de falar, autoavaliação da fala em público por meio da Escala para Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público (SSPS), autopercepção da voz, da capacidade de captar e manter a atenção do ouvinte e de influenciar o outro. Resultados o medo de falar em público foi muito prevalente nos universitários. Houve associação do medo de falar com a autopercepção vocal, com a capacidade de captar e manter a atenção do ouvinte e influenciar o outro com a sua comunicação. Indivíduos que autorrelataram capacidade de captar e manter a atenção do interlocutor apresentaram maior chance de manifestar medo de falar em público em relação aos universitários que se autoperceberam como capazes de influenciar o ouvinte com a sua comunicação. Conclusão quanto mais habilidades comunicativas e mais persuasivo o indivíduo se percebe, menores as chances de ele ser acometido pelo medo de falar em público.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the prevalence of fear of public speaking and verify its association with sociodemographic variables, self-perception of voice, speech, and oral communication skills in public. Methods A cross-sectional and analytical study with 1,124 university students was carried out. An online questionnaire addressed was performed, considering factors as sociodemographic characteristics; fear of speaking; Scale for Self-Assessment When Speaking in Public (SSPS), self-perception of the voice, the ability to grasp, and keep the listener's attention and influence another. Results The fear of public speaking was prevalent in undergraduate students. There was an association of the fear of speaking with the vocal self-perception, with the ability to capture and keep the listener's attention and to influence another with their communication. Individuals who have the ability to capture and maintain the attention of the interlocutor are more likely to be afraid of public speaking than the undergraduate students who perceive themselves as having the ability to influence the listener with their communication. Conclusion The more communicative skills and more persuasive the individual perceives his or her self, the less likely he or she is to be affected by the fear of speaking.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Speech , Students/psychology , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Fear/psychology , Persuasive Communication , Auditory Perception , Voice , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Self Report , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3199, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1043097

ABSTRACT

Objetivo avaliar a autoestima, o consumo de álcool, de tabaco e de outras substâncias em trabalhadores terceirizados de uma universidade pública. Método estudo descritivo-analítico, transversal, quantitativo, desenvolvido com 316 trabalhadores terceirizados de um município do Sudeste do Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um instrumento de caracterização, da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg e do Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Para a análise de dados, utilizaram-se a estatística descritiva, o teste de qui-quadrado de Pearson, o teste exato de Fisher, odds ratio e regressão logística. Resultados a maioria dos trabalhadores possuía autoestima alta e alguns utilizavam álcool, tabaco, maconha e inalantes. Constatou-se associação significativa entre sexo, faixa etária e turno de trabalho com a autoestima; entre o risco de desenvolver problemas relacionados ao consumo de álcool com sexo, faixa etária, estado civil, crença religiosa e quantidade de filhos; entre a prática de atividade física e o risco de desenvolver problemas relacionados ao consumo de derivados do tabaco. Conclusão este estudo contribui para o aumento do conhecimento devido ao número reduzido de pesquisas envolvendo esta temática e para os enfermeiros terem subsídios para atuação junto a esta população, utilizando-se de estratégias para combater os fatores desencadeadores de desordens psíquicas.


Objective to evaluate self-esteem, the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other substances in outsourced workers of a public university. Method a descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional, quantitative study developed with 316 outsourced workers from a municipality in the Southeast of Brazil. Data was collected through a characterization tool, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. For data analysis, we used descriptive statistics, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, odds ratio and logistic regression. Results the majority of workers had high self-esteem and some used alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and inhalants. A significant association between gender, age group and work shift with self-esteem; between the risk of developing problems related to alcohol consumption with sex, age group, marital status, religious belief and number of children; between the practice of physical activity and the risk of developing problems related to the consumption of tobacco products was found. Conclusion this study contributes to the increase of knowledge due to the small number of researches involving this subject and to contribute to the nurses to have subsidies to work with this population using strategies to combat the triggers of psychic disorders.


Objetivo evaluar la autoestima, el consumo de alcohol, de tabaco y de otras sustancias por trabajadores tercerizados, en una universidad pública. Método estudio descriptivo analítico, transversal y cuantitativo, desarrollado en 316 trabajadores tercerizados, en un municipio del Sureste de Brasil. Los datos fueron recogidos por medio de un instrumento de caracterización y de la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg y del Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó: estadística descriptiva, test de Chi-cuadrado de Pearson, test Exacto de Fisher, odds ratio y regresión logística. Resultados la mayoría de los trabajadores poseía autoestima alta y algunos utilizaban alcohol, tabaco, marihuana e inhalantes. Se constató asociación significativa: 1) entre la autoestima con sexo, intervalo etario y turno de trabajo; 2) entre el riesgo de desarrollar problemas relacionados al consumo de alcohol con sexo, intervalo etario, estado civil, creencia religiosa y cantidad de hijos; 3) entre la práctica de actividad física con el riesgo de desarrollar problemas relacionados al consumo de derivados del tabaco. Conclusión considerando el número reducido de investigaciones sobre esta temática, este estudio contribuye para aumentar el conocimiento y también para que los enfermeros tengan auxilio para la actuación junto a la población, utilizando estrategias para combatir los factores desencadenadores de desórdenes psíquicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Socioeconomic Factors , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Alcohol Drinking/psychology , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Smoking/psychology , Smoking/epidemiology , Illicit Drugs , Sex Factors , Risk Factors , Sedentary Behavior , Tobacco Use
18.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(4): 942-948, Oct.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974309

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The "Adopt a Bacterium" project is based on the use of social network as a tool in Microbiology undergraduate education, improving student learning and encouraging students to participate in collaborative learning. The approach involves active participation of both students and teachers, emphasizing knowledge exchange, based on widely used social media. Students were organized in groups and asked to adopt a specific bacterial genus and, subsequently, submit posts about "adopted genus". The formative assessment is based on posting information on Facebook®, and the summative assessment involves presentation of seminars about the adopted theme. To evaluate the project, students filled out three anonymous and voluntary surveys. Most of the students enjoyed the activities and positively evaluated the experience. A large amount of students declared a change in their attitude towards the way they processed information, especially regarding the use of scientific sources. Finally, we evaluated knowledge retention six months after the end of the course and students were able to recall relevant Microbiology concepts. Our results suggest that the "Adopt a Bacterium" project represents a useful strategy in Microbiology learning and may be applied to other academic fields.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Knowledge , Microbiology/education , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires , Social Media/instrumentation , Social Media/statistics & numerical data , Learning
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(5): 367-369, Sept.-Oct. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975952

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) awareness and experimentation among university students, as well as the characteristics associated with that awareness. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in 2015, in which 489 university students at the Federal University of Mato Grosso (Cuiabá campus), Brazil, were interviewed with the use of a specific questionnaire. We estimated the prevalence of e-cigarette awareness and use, as well as analyzing the major characteristics associated with that awareness and use. Results: The prevalence of e-cigarette awareness was 37%, and the rate of e-cigarette experimentation was 2.7%. Awareness of e-cigarettes was found to be associated with marital status, work status, the level of parental education, and the presence or absence of smokers in the family. Conclusions: A high proportion of university students were aware of e-cigarettes. Although the prevalence of those who had experimented with e-cigarettes was low, there is concern that there could be an increase in the use of these types of device. There is a need for measures targeting university students, in order to build awareness of and prevent e-cigarette use.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência do conhecimento e experimentação do cigarro eletrônico (CE) entre universitários, bem como as características associadas ao conhecimento desse tipo de dispositivo. Métodos: Estudo transversal, utilizando-se questionário específico, onde foram entrevistados 489 estudantes da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (Campus Cuiabá) no ano de 2015. Estimou-se a prevalência e foram analisadas as principais características relacionadas ao conhecimento e uso do CE. Resultados: A prevalência de conhecimento do CE foi de 37%, e a taxa de experimentação foi de 2,7%. Verificou-se associação entre o conhecimento do CE com o estado civil, estado laboral do estudante, nível de escolaridade dos pais e presença de fumantes na família. Conclusões: Foi alta a proporção de universitários que conhecem o CE. Apesar de ser pequena a prevalência dos que o experimentaram, torna-se preocupante um possível aumento do consumo desse tipo de dispositivo. Medidas devem ser direcionadas aos jovens dentro das instituições universitárias a fim de promover a conscientização e prevenção do uso do CE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Awareness , Vaping/psychology , Vaping/epidemiology , Students/psychology , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems/statistics & numerical data
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(4): 442-450, abr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961414

ABSTRACT

Background: A high percentage of Chilean university students are inactive. Aim: To determine differences in physical activity (PA) levels and energy expenditure in a group of university students according to their length of stay in the university. Material and Methods: We studied 56 students aged 22 ± 2 years (29 women). They wore a triaxial accelerometer during seven days, determining steps/day, steps/min, sedentary time and PA levels. Participants also answered a PA questionnaire. Their weight and height were measured. They were divided in two groups according to the time spent at university (1-2 years and 3-5 years). Results: No significant differences in energy expenditure were observed between both groups of students. The number of steps/day and steps/ min was significantly higher in the group with 3 to 5 years in the university than their counterparts with 1-2 years. Conclusions: As the university years increase, there is a tendency to increase the time spent walking (18.3%) but without an increase in the moderate-vigorous PA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Exercise/psychology , Time Factors , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Energy Metabolism , Accelerometry/methods , Life Style
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