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1.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e567, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156454

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El baloncesto es objeto de múltiples estudios que incluye la valoración mediante tecnologías actuales como la bioimpedancia. Objetivo: Comparar los índices de asimetría (IA) de las extremidades superiores e inferiores en jugadores de baloncesto universitario por nivel deportivo. Método: Se evaluaron 24 jugadores de baloncesto de diferente nivel competitivo, representativo 1) universitario (n = 12) y 2) facultad (n = 12). Se determinó la circunferencia de brazos y piernas, además de masa magra y grasa por bioimpedancia. Se determinó el índice de asimetría de los miembros inferiores y superiores y se compararon por nivel deportivo. Resultados: La comparación de los índices de asimetría entre brazos y piernas en el grupo total identificó diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05) en lo referente a la masa grasa, con mayor adiposidad en extremidades superiores, y un índice de asimetría de -10,8. Cuando se compararon las mismas variables en función del nivel deportivo, los jugadores representantes de la universidad mostraron mayores valores (p < 0,05) en el índice de asimetría de la masa total, circunferencias, masa magra y masa grasa. Las comparaciones intergrupales señalan diferencias en los índices de asimetría del brazo vs. la pierna en masa magra para ambos grupos (p < 0,05) mientras que los de la facultad mostraron diferencia también para grasa con índice de asimetría de 18,3 (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Indistintamente del nivel deportivo, existen diferentes niveles del índice de asimetría entre extremidades superiores e inferiores en el componente de masa grasa, aunque menores valores del índice de asimetría fueron característicos de los individuos de mayor nivel deportivo(AU)


Introduction: Basketball has been the object of many studies, including assessments based on current technologies such as bioimpedance. Objective: Compare the asymmetry indices (AI) for upper and lower limbs in university basketball players. Methods: An evaluation was conducted of 24 basketball players from different competitive levels, representing 1) the university (n = 12) and 2) the school (n = 12). Determination was made of arm and leg circumference, as well as lean mass and fat by bioimpedance. The lower and upper limb asymmetry index was estimated and compared between the competitive levels. Results: Comparison of the arms and legs asymmetry indices in the total group revealed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) as to fat mass, with greater adiposity in the upper limbs and an asymmetry index of 10.8. Comparison of the same variables between the sports levels found that players representing the university displayed higher values (p < 0.05) in the asymmetry index for total mass, circumferences, lean mass and fat mass. Comparison between the groups found differences in the arm vs. leg asymmetry indices for lean mass in both groups (p < 0.05), whereas the school players also showed differences for fat, with an asymmetry index of 18.3 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Regardless of the sports level, different asymmetry indices are found between upper and lower limbs as to fat mass, though smaller asymmetry index values were characteristic of individuals from a higher sports level(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Basketball/physiology , Electric Impedance , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Universities/ethics
2.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(1): e20180267, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090793

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish reference values for the Unsupported Upper Limb EXercise (UULEX) test, which measures peak arm exercise capacity, in healthy adults in Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, involving presumably healthy individuals ≥ 30 years of age who completed questionnaires and underwent spirometry. All of the individuals underwent two UULEX tests 30-min apart. The outcome measure was the maximum time (in min) to completion of the test. Results: We included 100 individuals between 30 and 80 years of age. The mean test completion time was 11.99 ± 1.90 min among the women and 12.89 ± 2.15 min among the men (p = 0.03). The test completion time showed statistically significant correlations with age (r = −0.48; p < 0.001), gender (r = 0.28; p = 0.004), body mass index (BMI, r = −0.20; p = 0.05), and height (r = 0.28; p = 0.005). Linear regression analysis showed that the predictors of UULEX completion time were age (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.003), and gender (p = 0.019), which collectively explained 30% of the total variability. The mean UULEX completion time was 6% lower for the women than for the men. Conclusions: The present study was able to establish reference values for the UULEX test in healthy adults in Brazil. The values were influenced by age, gender, and BMI.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estabelecer valores normativos para o teste Unsupported Upper Limb EXercise (UULEX), que mede o pico de exercício de membros superiores, em adultos saudáveis no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal envolvendo indivíduos com idade ≥ 30 anos considerados saudáveis após serem submetidos a questionários e espirometria. Os indivíduos realizaram dois testes UULEX com intervalo de 30 min entre eles. A variável de desfecho foi o tempo máximo de realização do teste em min. Resultados: Foram incluídos 100 indivíduos com idade entre 30 e 80 anos. As médias de tempo de realização do teste foram de 11,99 ± 1,90 min e 12,89 ± 2,15 min em homens e mulheres, respectivamente (p = 0,03). Houve uma correlação estatisticamente significante entre o tempo de execução do UULEX e idade (r = −0,48; p < 0,001), sexo (r = 0,28; p = 0,004), índice de massa corpórea (IMC; r = −0,20; p = 0,05) e altura (r = 0,28; p = 0,005). A análise de regressão linear mostrou que as variáveis idade (p < 0,001), IMC (p = 0,003) e sexo (p = 0,019) são preditoras do UULEX, explicando 30% da variabilidade total no tempo de realização do teste. A média do tempo de realização do UULEX foi 6% menor nas mulheres que nos homens. Conclusões: O presente estudo foi capaz de fornecer valores normativos para o teste UULEX em adultos saudáveis no Brasil. Esses valores foram influenciados pela idade, sexo e IMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Exercise/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Exercise Test/standards , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Linear Models , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
3.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 42: e48114, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370991

ABSTRACT

The purposeof this study was to analyze skin temperature(Tsk)responses after a short-term maximum effort test in middle-distance runners.Aquasi-experimental study was conducted with ten men (age 23.5±5.10 years)who trained 5 days per week, 2 to 3 hours per day,and were submitted to thermographic evaluationbefore and after Cooper's 12-minute run test (CRT). The mean temperature of the anterior-superior,posterior-superior,anterior-inferior,and posterior-inferiorregionswas compared between the sides(i.e., left and right)before and after CRT.The paired t-testshowed asignificantdecrease in Tskafter CRT in thefollowingregions:right pectoralis major (-3.4%), left pectoralis major (-3.4%),and abdomen (-5%) in the anterior-superior view (p<0.01); and in the upper right trunk (-1.9%),upper lefttrunk(-1.9%) and lower back (-2.9%) in the posterior-superior view (p<0.05). In the lower limbs,asignificantincreaseintemperature of the left knee (1.6%),and right (3.6%) and left ankles (2.9%) in the anteriorview (p<0.05),as well as in theright (4.3%) and left ankles (3.7%) in the posteriorview (p<0.05)wereobserved. There was no difference in temperature between the right and left sides. In conclusion, the Tskchange of middle-distance runners wassymmetricalbetween sides,decreasing in upper limbs and trunk and increasing in lower limbs after a short-term maximum effort test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Running/physiology , Skin Temperature/physiology , Athletes , Thermography/instrumentation , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Physical Exertion/physiology
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(5): 476-481, oct. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058304

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer de mama es un problema de salud pública en Chile y el mundo por su alta incidencia. La cirugía es un pilar fundamental en el tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Hasta un 60% de las personas tratadas por cáncer de mama presentan alteraciones funcionales en el miembro superior. Existen modelos sanitarios para la rehabilitación de las alteraciones funcionales, sin embargo, en Chile no es un estándar en la atención de salud. Este artículo describe: 1) las alteraciones del miembro superior secundarias a la cirugía por cáncer de mama y 2) un modelo de atención kinesiológico, temprano y prospectivo, para personas tratadas por cáncer de mama.


Breast cancer is a public health problem in Chile and the world due to high incidence. Surgery is the mainstay in the breast cancer treatment. Up to 60% of people receiving this management have functional morbidity in the upper limb. There are rehabilitation health models care for the functional morbidity, however, in Chile is not a standard in the health care. This article describes: 1) upper limb morbidity secondary to breast cancer surgery, and 2) early and prospective physical Therapy model care for people with breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Recovery of Function/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Exercise Therapy , Early Medical Intervention , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Patient Education as Topic , Physical Therapy Modalities
5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4419, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011996

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare tissue composition, total and regional bone mineral content and bone mineral density, static hand grip and knee joint isokinetic strength between amateur soccer players and Control Group. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Air displacement plethysmography was used to estimate body volume and, in turn, density. Body composition, bone mineral content and bone mineral density were assessed for the whole body and at standardized regions using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Static grip strength was assessed with an adjustable dynamometer, and peak torque derived from isokinetic strength dynamometer (concentric muscular knee actions at 60°/s). Magnitude of the differences between groups was examined using d-Cohen. Results: Compared to healthy active adults, soccer players showed larger values of whole body bone mineral content (+651g; d=1.60; p<0.01). In addition, differences between groups were large for whole body bone mineral density (d=1.20 to 1.90; p<0.01): lumbar spine, i.e. L1-L4 (+19.4%), upper limbs (+8.6%) and lower limbs (+16.8%). Soccer players attained larger mean values in strength test given by static hand grip protocol (+5.6kg, d=0.99; p<0.01). Conclusion: Soccer adequately regulates body composition and is associated better bone health parameters (bone mineral content and density at whole-body and at particular sites exposed to mechanical loadings).


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a composição de tecidos, o conteúdo mineral ósseo e a densidade mineral óssea totais e por regiões do corpo, a força de preensão manual estática, e força isocinética da articulação do joelho, entre um grupo de jogadores de futebol amadores e um Grupo Controle. Métodos: Estudo transversal utilizando pletismografia de ar deslocado para estimar o volume corporal, para subsequente cálculo da densidade corporal. A composição de tecidos, o conteúdo mineral ósseo e a densidade mineral óssea foram avaliados para o corpo todo e regiões padronizadas através da absorciometria de raios-X de dupla energia. A força de preensão manual estática foi avaliada por um dinamômetro ajustável. Os momentos máximos de força das ações musculares concêntricas para os extensores e flexores do joelho foram avaliados pela dinamometria isocinética (60°/s). Foi calculado o valor d-Cohen para apreciar a magnitude do efeito das diferenças entre grupos. Resultados: Os futebolistas apresentaram níveis superiores de conteúdo mineral ósseo em comparação com os adultos ativos do Grupo Controle (+651g; d=1,60; p<0,01) e obtiveram valores superiores de densidade mineral óssea (d: 1,20 a 1,90; p<0,01) para a coluna lombar, L1-L4 (+19,4%), membros superiores (+8,6%) e membros inferiores (+16,8%). Para a força de preensão (estática) a diferença foi moderada (d=0,99; p<0,01) com valores mais elevados apresentados pelo futebolistas (+5,6kg; d=0,99; p<0,01). Conclusão: A prática de futebol promove uma regulação adequada da composição corporal (tecidos magro e gordo) e ganhos na densidade mineral óssea, mais acentuada em partes do corpo com maior exposição aos impactos mecânicos da atividade motora.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer/physiology , Body Composition/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Knee Joint/physiology , Plethysmography/methods , Reference Values , Absorptiometry, Photon , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hand Strength/physiology , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Muscle Strength Dynamometer , Athletes
6.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 24(5): 361-365, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977828

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Obesity in adolescents has increased worldwide, and is generally associated with poor eating habits and physical inactivity. OBJECTIVE: To compare absolute and relative muscle strength with body mass (BM), fat-free mass (FFM) and localized FFM of upper and lower limbs among obese and non-obese adolescents. METHODS: BM, height and body mass index (BMI) were verified in 39 male adolescents (aged 13-17 years). Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and maximal strength of upper and lower limbs was estimated by a one-repetition maximum (1RM) test. Participants were divided into three groups: eutrophic (normal weight) (n=11), overweight (n=14), and obese (n=14). One-way ANOVA was used to compare the variables, followed by a Bonferroni post-hoc test for multiple comparisons. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used for relevant correlations and multiple linear regression to verify the influence of anthropometric variables, body composition and muscle strength of upper and lower limbs. RESULTS: Obese and overweight adolescents had absolute muscle strength values similar to those of the eutrophic adolescents, which were lower when corrected by BM (p<0.001). However, muscle strength related to FFM and localized FFM were similar between groups in both upper and lower limbs. Linear regression showed that BMI explained 59% of the variation in absolute muscle strength of the lower limbs (ß=0.59, p<0.05), FFM explained 84% of the variation in absolute muscle strength of the upper limbs (ß=0.84, p<0.01) and 68% of the lower limbs (ß=0.68; p<0.01), while localized FM was inversely associated in the lower limbs (ß=−0.53, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Muscle strength of lower and upper limbs, when corrected by localized FFM, does not distinguish between overweight and normal weight adolescents, indicating that obesity does not have a negative effect on generation of muscle strength in obese boys. Level of Evidence III; Case-control study.


INTRODUÇÃO: A obesidade em adolescentes tem aumentado em todo o mundo, geralmente associada a hábitos alimentares inadequados e inatividade física. OBJETIVO: Comparar a força muscular absoluta e relativa com a massa corporal (MC), massa livre de gordura (MLG) e MLG localizada dos membros superiores e inferiores entre adolescentes obesos e não obesos. MÉTODOS: Em 39 adolescentes do sexo masculino (entre 13 e 17 anos) foram verificados MC, estatura e índice de massa corporal (IMC). A composição corporal foi medida por absorciometria de raios-x de dupla energia (DXA) e a força máxima de membros superiores e inferiores foi estimada por um teste de repetição máxima (1RM). Os participantes foram divididos em três grupos: eutrófico (n = 11), sobrepeso (n = 14) e obeso (n = 14). Utilizou-se o teste One-way ANOVA para comparar as variáveis, seguido de teste post hoc de Bonferroni para comparações múltiplas, para as correlações relevantes, usou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson e a regressão linear múltipla foi usada para verificar a influência das variáveis antropométricas, composição corporal e a força muscular dos membros superiores e inferiores. RESULTADOS: Os adolescentes obesos e com sobrepeso tinham força muscular absoluta similar aos dos eutróficos, sendo menores quando corrigidas pela MC (p < 0,001). Porém, a força muscular relacionada com a MLG e a MLG localizada foi semelhante entre os grupos, tanto em membros superiores como inferiores. A regressão linear mostrou que o IMC explicou 59% da variação da força muscular absoluta dos membros inferiores (ß = 0,59, p < 0,05), a MLG explicou 84% da variação da força muscular absoluta dos membros superiores (ß = 0,84, p < 0,01) e 68% dos membros inferiores (ß = 0,68; p < 0,01), enquanto a massa gorda localizada foi inversamente associada nos membros inferiores (ß = −0,53; p < 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A força muscular dos membros superiores e inferiores, quando corrigida pela MLG localizada, não diferencia adolescentes com sobrepeso e eutróficos, indicando que a obesidade não afeta negativamente a geração de força muscular em rapazes obesos. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo de caso-controle.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La obesidad en adolescentes ha aumentado en todo el mundo, generalmente asociada a malos hábitos alimenticios y falta de actividad física. OBJETIVO: Comparar fuerza muscular absoluta y relativa de la masa corporal (MC), MLG y MLG localizada en miembros inferiores y superiores entre adolescentes obesos y no obesos. MÉTODOS: Se verificó en 39 adolescentes hombres (entre 13 y 17 años) sus MC, estaturas e índices de masa corporal (IMC). La composición corporal fue mensurada por absorciometría de rayos-x de doble energía (DXA) y el test de repetición máxima para estimar la fuerza máxima de miembros superiores e inferiores, divididos en tres grupos: 11 eutróficos, 14 con sobrepeso y 14 obesos. Se usó ANOVA (one way) para comparación de variables, seguido de Post Hoc de Bonferroni para comparaciones múltiples, correlaciones por el coeficiente de correlación Pearson y Regresión Lineal Múltiple para la influencia de variables antropométricas, composición corporal y fuerza muscular de miembros inferiores y superiores. RESULTADOS: Obesos y con sobrepeso presentaron valores de fuerza muscular absoluta similares a los eutróficos, pero menor si se corrigen por MC (p<0,001). Sin embargo, la fuerza muscular relativa a MLG y MLG localizada fue semejante. En regresión lineal, el IMC explicó el 59% de variación de fuerza muscular absoluta en miembros inferiores (ß=0,59, p<0,05), MLG 84% de variación de fuerza muscular absoluta en miembros superiores (ß=0,84, p<0,01) y 68% en miembros inferiores (ß=0,68; p<0,01), mientras que la MG localizada fue inversamente asociada a los superiores (ß=−0,53; p<0,05). CONCLUSIÓN: La fuerza muscular de miembros superiores e inferiores, cuando es corregida por la MLG localizada, no se diferencia en adolescentes con sobrepeso y eutróficos, indicando que la obesidad no afecta negativamente la generación de fuerza muscular en jóvenes obesos. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio caso-control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Body Composition , Physical Fitness , Muscle Strength/physiology , Pediatric Obesity , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology
7.
Rehabil. integral (Impr.) ; 13(1): 14-21, jul. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-966142

ABSTRACT

Introduction: To assess the effectiveness of seating devices during the sitting position on postural stability and upper limb functionality in users with dyskinetic type cerebral palsy. Method: A systematic review that included randomized, quasi-randomized, cohort, and pre-post intervention clinical trials with evaluation before and after the intervention. This review included studies of chil-dren with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy, mainly of the dyskinetic type, with ages between 2 and 10 years old. The databases of CINAHL Plus, Cochrane (Central), EMBASE (Via Ovid), Virtual Health Library, OT Seeker, Medline (Via PubMed) and OpenGrey were used. Results: Two studies met the inclusion criteria; however, the analysis was carried out qualitatively due to the methodological quality for these, with presence of a high risk of bias. The study by Cimolin described greater trunk stability and smooth upper extremity movements with the use of a dynamically configured seat. Nwaobi described better upper extre-mity functionality in a seat inclined at 0º and 30º, not referring to trunk stability. Conclusion: From the review of the results it is concluded that there is not enough scientific evidence to determine that the use of seating devices favors the postural control and the functionality of upper extremities in children with cerebral dyskinesia type cerebral palsy.


Introducción: Evaluar la eficacia del posicionamiento sedente en la estabilidad postural y funcionalidad de extremidades superiores, en ni-ños con parálisis cerebral discinética, comparando el uso y el no uso de seating de posicionamiento. Método: Revisión siste-mática incluyendo ensayos clínicos de tipo aleatorio, cuasialeatorizado, de cohorte y casos con evaluación antes y después de la intervención. Se incluyó niños con parálisis cerebral discinético, entre 2 y 10 años de edad. Se utilizó bases de datos de CI-NAHL Plus, Cochrane (Central), EMBASE (Vía Ovid), Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud, OT Seeker, Medline (Via PubMed) y Open Grey. Resultados: Dos estudios cumplieron criterios de inclusión, aunque el análisis se realizó de forma cualitativa por la calidad metodológica de estos. Cimolin detectó mayor estabilidad de tronco y suavidad en los movimientos de extremidades superiores con el uso de un asiento de configuración dinámica. Nwaobi describió mejor funcionalidad de extremidad superior en un asiento inclinado a 0º y 30º, no haciendo referencia a la estabilidad de tronco. Conclusión: De la revisión de los resulta-dos, se concluye que no existe evidencia científica suficiente que determine que el uso de seating favorezca o no el control postural y la funcionalidad de extremidades superiores en niños y jóvenes con parálisis cerebral de tipo discinética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Cerebral Palsy/rehabilitation , Upper Extremity/physiology , Sitting Position , Cerebral Palsy/physiopathology , Dyskinesias/physiopathology , Dyskinesias/rehabilitation , Postural Balance
8.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 20(3): 342-351, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958359

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the potential relationship between body composition (percentage of fat mass (FM %), fat mass and lean mass), muscle function (i.e., muscles; deltoid side and front, pectoralis major and teres major) and the propulsive force of the arm (PFA). Sixteen competitive surfers (29.1 ± 7.3 years; 1.72 ± 0.06 m; 74.2 ± 1.4 kg) were assessed for height, body mass, body composition (dual-energy-DXA), muscle function and PFA. Pearson correlation analyses were used to verify the relationship between all variables. An inverse correlations were found between PFA and isokinetic parameters to 60o/s: external rotation (peak torque: r = -0.71; p = 0.014; total work: r = -0.75; p = 0.007; power: r = -0.72; p = 0.011) and internal rotation (peak torque: r = -0.61; p = 0.045; total work: r = -0.73; p = 0.010; power: r = -0.61; p = 0.045) and 300o/s: external rotation (peak torque: r = -0.79; p = 0.003; total work: r = -0.84; p<0,001; power: r = -0.81; p = 0.002) and internal rotation (peak torque: r = -0.69; p = 0.017; total work: r = -0.72; p = 0.011; power: r = -0.69; p = 0.017). There was no significant correlation between body composition components and PFA (p>0.05). Although correlations do not imply cause and effect, PFA is not correlated with body composition in surfers and these relationships are inversely related to the parameters of muscle function.


Resumo Objetivou-se avaliar a potencial relação entre a composição corporal (percentual de gordura (% gord.), massa gorda e massa magra), função muscular (i.e., músculos; deltoide anterior, deltoide lateral, peitoral maior e redondo maior) e a força propulsiva da braçada (FPB). Dezesseis surfistas competitivos (29,1 ± 7,3 anos, 1,72 ± 0,06 m, 74,2 ± 1,4 kg) tiveram a altura, massa corporal, composição corporal (dual-energy-DXA), função muscular e FPB avaliados. O coeficiente de correlação de Pearson foi empregado para avaliar a relação entre todas as variáveis. Foram observadas relações inversas entre a FPB e os parâmetros isocinéticos a 60°/s: rotação externa (pico de torque: r = -0,71; p = 0,014; trabalho total: r = -0,75; p = 0,007; potência: r = -0,72; p = 0,011) e rotação interna (pico de torque: r = -0,61; p = 0,045; trabalho total= r = -0,73; p = 0,010; potência: r = -0,61; p = 0,045) e 300o/s: rotação externa (pico de torque: r = -0,79; p = 0,003; trabalho total: r = -0,84; p<0,001; potência: r = -0,81; p = 0,002) e rotação interna (pico de torque: r = -0,69; p = 0,017; trabalho total: r = -0,72; p = 0,011; potencia: r = -0,69; p = 0,017). Não foram observadas correlações significativas entre os componentes da composição corporal e a FPB (p>0,05). Embora as correlações não impliquem em causa e efeito, a FPB não está correlacionada com a composição corporal em surfistas e estas relações são inversas com os parâmetros da função muscular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Muscle Strength/physiology , Water Sports , Body Mass Index , Upper Extremity/physiology
9.
Motriz (Online) ; 24(4): e101867, 2018. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976258

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of bench press exercise performed as conditioning activity on the shot put performance in untrained subjects. Methods: Twelve healthy men (26 ± 6 years; 1.8 ± 0.1 m; 73.5 ± 10.4 kg; 13.2 ± 5.2% body fat), with no experience in shot put, were randomly assigned into two conditions: 1) Control: subjects performed six shot put attempts, and 2) Bench press exercise: subjects performed six shot put attempts 7 min post 2 sets of 5 repetitions maximum (RM) of bench press exercise. A metal ball of 4 kg was used for shot put attempts, and subjects were instructed to perform each shot put according to the static shot put technique. Results: Shot put performance was greater after bench press condition when compared with control condition (8.2 ± 1.2 m vs. 7.8 ± 0.8 m, respectively, p < 0.05). In addition, eight out of 12 volunteers positively responded to the conditioning activity. Conclusion: The results suggest that bench press exercise performed as a conditioning activity improves shot put performance in untrained subjects. Moreover, the conditioning activity should be individually set.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Track and Field , Exercise/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Human , Upper Extremity/physiology , Motor Activity
10.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 20(5): 395-404, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828291

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Muscle strength is usually measured in individuals with stroke with Portable dynamometers (gold standard). However, no studies have investigated the reliability, the standard error of measurement (SEM) and the minimal detectable difference (MDD95%) of the dynamometry for the measurement of hand grip, pinch grip and trunk strength in subjects with subacute stroke. Objective 1) To investigate the intra and inter-rater reliability, the SEM and the MDD95% of the portable dynamometers for the measurement of grip, pinch and trunk strength in subjects with subacute stroke, and 2) to verify whether the use of different number of trials (first trial and the average of the first two and three trials) affected the results. Method 32 subjects with subacute stroke (time since stroke onset: 3.6 months, SD=0.66 months) were evaluated. Hand grip, 3 pinch grips (i.e. pulp-to-pulp/palmar/lateral) and 4 trunk muscles (i.e. flexors, extensors, lateral flexors and rotators) strength were bilaterally assessed (except trunk flexors/extensors) with portable dynamometry by two independent examiners over two sessions (1-2 weeks apart). One-way ANOVAs and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC2,k) were used for analysis (α=0.05). SEM and MDD95% were also calculated. Results For all muscular groups and sources of outcome values, including one trial, after familiarization, similar results were found (0.01≤F≤0.08; 0.92≤p≤0.99) with significant and adequate values of intra-rater (0.64≤ICC≤0.99; 0.23≤95%CI≤0.99) and inter-rater (0.66≤ICC≤0.99; 0.25≤95%CI≤0.99) reliability. SEM and MDD95% were considered low (0.39≤EPM≤2.21 Kg; 0.96≤MMD95%≤6.12 Kg) for all outcome scores. Conclusion Only one trial, following familiarization, demonstrated adequate intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the portable dynamometers for the measurement of hand grip, pinch grip and trunk strength in subjects with subacute stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Hand Strength/physiology , Stroke/physiopathology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Stroke Rehabilitation/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Stroke/complications , Upper Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/pathology
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(1): 12-17, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778485

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the relationship between total and segmental body fat, bone mineral density and bone mineral content in undergraduate students stratified according to nutritional status. Methods The study included 45 male undergraduate students aged between 20 and 30 years. Total and segmental body composition, bone mineral density and bone mineral content assessments were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Subjects were allocated into three groups (eutrophic, overweight and obese). Results With the exception of upper limb bone mineral content, significantly higher (p<0.05) mean bone mineral density, bone mineral content, and relative body fat values were documented in the obese group. Total body and segmental relative body fat (lower limbs and trunk) were positively correlated (p<0.05) with bone mineral density in the overweight group. Upper limb fat was negatively correlated (p<0.05) with bone mineral content in the normal and eutrophic groups. Conclusion Total body and segmental body fat were correlated with bone mineral density and bone mineral content in male undergraduate students, particularly in overweight individuals.


RESUMO Objetivo Examinar a relação entre as gorduras corporal total e corporal segmentar com a densidade mineral óssea e conteúdo mineral ósseo em jovens universitários estratificados segundo o estado nutricional. Métodos Participaram do estudo 45 estudantes homens entre 20 e 30 anos de idade. Foram realizadas avaliações da composição corporal, densidade mineral óssea e conteúdo mineral ósseo (total e segmentado) foram avaliados por meio da absortometria radiológica de dupla energia. Os sujeitos foram divididos em três grupos (eutrófico, sobrepeso e obesos). Resultados Os obesos tiveram maiores valores médios nas variáveis de densidade mineral óssea, conteúdo mineral ósseo e gordura relativa comparativamente aos eutróficos e àqueles com sobrepeso (p<0,05 para todos), exceto no conteúdo mineral ósseo nos membros superiores. A gordura relativa total, bem como segmentar (membros inferiores e tronco), correlacionou-se positivamente com a densidade mineral óssea somente nos sobrepesados (p<0,05 para todos). Nos eutróficos e obesos, a gordura dos membros superiores foi correlacionada negativamente com o conteúdo mineral ósseo (p<0,05). Conclusão Gordura corporal total e gordura corporal segmentada estiveram relaciondas com a densidade mineral óssea e o conteúdo mineral ósseo em jovens universitários masculinos, sobretudo em indivíduos com sobrepeso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Body Composition/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Nutritional Status/physiology , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Upper Extremity/physiology , Overweight/physiopathology , Obesity/physiopathology
12.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 15-25, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778381

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several Brazilian studies have addressed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), but few have analyzed the knowledge of the health professionals with regards to the ICF. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the classification of the items in the Brazilian-Portuguese versions of The Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and The Disabilities Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaires, obtained from health professionals who worked with patients having upper limb injuries, could be related to ICF components as defined by others studies. METHOD: There were 4 participants for the group "professionals with high familiarity of the ICF (PHF)" and 19 for the group of "professionals with some or no familiarity of the ICF (PSNF)". The participants judged whether the items on the two questionnaires belonged to the ICF body function, body structure or activity-participation component, and marked a confidence level for each trial using a numerical scale ranging from zero to 10. The items were classified by the discriminant content validity method using the Student'st-test and the Hochberg correction. The ratings were compared to the literature by the percentage of agreement and Kappa coefficient. RESULTS: The percentage of agreement of the rating from the PSNF and the PHF groups with the literature was equal to or greater than 77%. For the DASH, the agreement of the PSNF and PHF groups with the literature were, respectively, moderate (Kappa=0.46 to 0.48) and substantial (Kappa=0.62 to 0.70). CONCLUSIONS: Health professionals were able to correlate the three components of the ICF for most items on the 2 questionnaires, demonstrating some ease of understanding the ICF components. However, the relation of concept of pain with body function component is not clear for professional and deserves a more attentive approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Shoulder Pain/physiopathology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Brazil , Disability Evaluation
13.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 19(5): 360-368, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764130

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Programs designed to prevent or rehabilitate athletic injuries or improve athletic performance frequently focus on core stability. This approach is based upon the theory that poor core stability increases the risk of poor performance and/or injury. Despite the widespread use of core stability training amongst athletes, the question of whether or not sufficient evidence exists to support this practice remains to be answered.OBJECTIVES: 1) Open a dialogue on the definition and components of core stability. 2) Provide an overview of current science linking core stability to musculoskeletal injuries of the upper extremity. 3) Provide an overview of evidence for the association between core stability and athletic performance.DISCUSSION: Core stability is the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk for optimal production, transfer, and control of forces to and from the upper and lower extremities during functional activities. Muscle capacity and neuromuscular control are critical components of core stability. A limited body of evidence provides some support for a link between core stability and upper extremity injuries amongst athletes who participate in baseball, football, or swimming. Likewise, few studies exist to support a relationship between core stability and athletic performance.CONCLUSIONS: A limited body of evidence exists to support the use of core stability training in injury prevention or performance enhancement programs for athletes. Clearly more research is needed to inform decision making when it comes to inclusion or emphasis of core training when designing injury prevention and rehabilitation programs for athletes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Athletic Injuries/physiopathology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Athletic Performance/physiology , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Movement
14.
Acta fisiátrica ; 22(3)set. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-775883

ABSTRACT

O basquete em cadeira de rodas (BCR) segue praticamente as mesmas regras do basquete convencional (BC). Objetivo: Avaliar a ativação eletromiográfica dos músculos peitoral maior (PM), deltóide anterior (DA) e tríceps braquial (TB) durante o arremesso em atletas de BC e BCR. Método: Estudo transversal, no qual onze sujeitos foram submetidos a uma avaliação eletromiográfica dos músculos PM, DA, TB no membro que realiza o arremesso. Foi utilizado um eletromiógrafo de 4 canais (Miotec/Brasil) (2000Hz/canal). Resultados: Na comparação entre os músculos, o grupo BC mostrou diferença significativa, sendo observada maior ativação do músculo DA em relação aos demais, já no grupo BCR, não houve diferença. Na comparação entre os grupos, o músculo PM mostrou maior ativação no grupo BCR, enquanto o músculo DA estava mais ativo no grupo BC. O músculo TB não apresentou diferença significativa entre os grupos. Conclusão: A partir dos resultados do presente estudo os atletas dos grupos BC e BCR apresentaram diferenças na ativação elétrica durante o movimento do arremesso. Entretanto ambos os grupos ativaram mais o DA, seguido do TB e o músculo menos ativado foi o PM, sendo estas diferenças mais visíveis no grupo BC.


Wheelchair Basketball (WB) follows almost the same rules as Conventional Basketball (CB). Objective: Evaluate the electromyographic (EMG) activation of the pectoralis major (PM), anterior deltoid (AD), and triceps brachii (TB) muscles during shooting in CB and WB athletes and to verify whether there is any difference in muscle activation between the categories. Method: Comparing two groups in a transversal study, CB and WB, in which eleven individuals submitted to an electromyographic examination, of muscles PM, AD, TB on the extremity that was doing the shooting. We used a 4-channel EMG (Miotec/Brazil) (2000Hz/channel). Results: Comparing the muscles, the CB group showed a significant difference: greater AD muscle activation compared to the others; however in the WB group, no differences were found. When comparing between the groups, the PM muscle showed greater activation in the WB group, while the AD muscle was more active in the CB group. The TB muscle showed no difference between groups. Conclusion: From these results, the athletes from the CB and WB groups showed differences in muscle activation during shooting. However, both groups activated the AD the most, followed by the TB. The least active muscle was the PM, and these differences were more visible in the CB group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basketball , Upper Extremity/physiology , Electromyography/instrumentation , Sports for Persons with Disabilities/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Cienc. Trab ; 17(53): 115-121, Aug. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771589

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir factor de ponderación de riesgo del factor técnica de manipulación combinada (5 técnicas), analizando sus diferencias en condición dinámico-asimétrica, considerando la carga biomecánica en los segmentos extremidades superiores y columna. MÉTODO: Estudio cuasiexperimental, analítico y transversal, muestra por conveniencia de 100 sujetos (hombres y mujeres) en edad laboral, de la comunidad universitaria de la Universidad de Chile, evaluando cinco técnicas de manipulación de carga, utilizando sistema optoelectrónico, 3D Static Strength Prediction Program, electromiografía de superficie y percepción de esfuerzo. RESULTADOS: En extremidades superiores, se describen diferencias significativas entre técnicas en todas las variables de análisis biomecánico: el patrón de torque, activación muscular y percepción de esfuerzo es mayor en la técnica simétrica sobre hombros y asimétrica que en las otras técnicas. A nivel de columna, la actividad electromiográfica a nivel de erectores espinales entre técnicas es estadísticamente significativa. CONCLUSIÓN: Las técnicas con mayor carga biomecánica son las técnicas "Simétrica sobre Hombro" y "Asimétrica". La técnica "Simétrica a nivel de caderas" genera una carga intermedia, las técnicas "Simétrica a nivel de tronco" y de "Una mano" tienden a ser similares y las menos exigentes.


To describe risk weighting factor of combined manipulation technique factor (5 Technical), analyzing their differences in dynamic-asymmetrical condition, considering the biomechanical load on the upper limbs and spine segments. METHOD: Quasi-experimental, analytical and cross-sectional study, convenience sample of 100 subjects (male and female) in working age, from University of Chile community, assessing five load-handling techniques using optoelectronic system, 3D Static Strength Prediction Program, surface electromyography and perceived exertion. RESULTS: in upper extremities, significant differences in all variables techniques of biomechanical analysis are described: the pattern of torque, muscle activation and perceived exertion is higher in the symmetric on shoulders and asymmetric technique than the other techniques. In a column level, the electromyographic activity in a spinal erector level between techniques is statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The techniques with more biomechanical loading are "Symmetric on Shoulder" and "asymmetric" techniques. The "symmetrical hips level" technique generates an intermediate charge, techniques "trunk level Symmetric" and "One hand" tend to be similar and less demanding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Risk Assessment/methods , Upper Extremity/physiology , Physical Exertion/physiology , Spine/physiology , Task Performance and Analysis , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Workload , Electromyography , Ergonomics , Movement/physiology
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(8): 995-1000, ago. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762664

ABSTRACT

Background: Hand grip strength could be influenced by gender, age and handedness. Aim: To describe differences in grip strength for age, gender and upper extremity handedness in non-disabled community-dwelling older adults. Material and Methods: We studied 47 males aged 72.3 ± 5.6 years and 69 females 72.4 ± 6.0 years who were divided in two age groups (65-70 and ≥ 71 years old). Grip strength was determined by a standardized protocol using a hand dynamometer. Results: There was an inverse correlation between grip strength and age in both hands only among men (p ≤ 0.05). When analyzing both genders, there was a significant inverse correlation between grip strength and age only in the dominant hand (p ≤ 0.05). Strength was higher in the dominant hand in both genders (p ≤ 0.05). It was also higher in men, compared to women in the two age groups studied (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Grip strength is higher in men than women, it decreases with age and is higher in the dominant hand.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Functional Laterality/physiology , Hand Strength/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Age Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Muscle Strength Dynamometer , Sex Factors
17.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(2): 183-190, 16/05/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709562

ABSTRACT

Background: Aging is a multifactorial process that leads to changes in the quantity and quality of skeletal muscle and contributes to decreased levels of muscle strength. Objective: This study sought to investigate whether the isometric muscle strength, fat-free mass (FFM) and power of the electromyographic (EMG) signal of the upper and lower limbs of women are similarly affected by aging. Method: The sample consisted of 63 women, who were subdivided into three groups (young (YO) n=33, 24.7±3.5 years; middle age (MA) n=15, 58.6±4.2 years; and older adults (OA). n=15, 72.0±4.2 years). Isometric strength was recorded simultaneously with the capture of the electrical activity of the flexor muscles of the fingers and the vastus lateralis during handgrip and knee extension tests, respectively. FFM was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: The handgrip strength measurements were similar among groups (p=0.523), whereas the FFM of the upper limbs was lower in group OA compared to group YO (p=0.108). The RMSn values of the hand flexors were similar among groups (p=0.754). However, the strength of the knee extensors, the FFM of the lower limbs and the RMSn values of the vastus lateralis were lower in groups MA (p=0.014, p=0.006 and p=0.013, respectively) and OA (p=0.000, p=0.000 and p<0.000, respectively) compared to group YO. Conclusions : The results of this study demonstrate that changes in isometric muscle strength in MLG and electromyographic activity of the lower limbs are more pronounced with the aging process of the upper limb. .


Contextualização: O envelhecimento é um processo multifatorial que provoca mudanças na quantidade e na qualidade da musculatura esquelética, ambas contribuindo para a diminuição dos níveis de força muscular. Objetivo: Investigar se a força muscular isométrica, a massa livre de gordura (MLG) e a potência do sinal eletromiográfico dos membros superiores e inferiores de mulheres são afetadas na mesma magnitude pelo envelhecimento. Método: A amostra foi constituída por 63 mulheres subdividas em três grupos (JO, n=33 jovens, 24,7±3,5 anos; MI, n=15, 58,6±4,2 anos; ID, n=15, 72,0±4,2 anos). A força isométrica foi registrada simultaneamente à captação da atividade elétrica dos músculos flexores dos dedos e vasto lateral durante os testes de preensão manual e de extensão do joelho, respectivamente. A MLG foi avaliada por meio da absortometria radiológica de dupla energia. Resultados: A força de preensão manual foi semelhante entre os grupos (p=0,523), a MLG do membro superior foi menor no grupo ID em relação ao JO (p=0,108), e os valores da variável root mean square normalizados pela MLG do membro dominante (RMSn) foram semelhantes entre os grupos (p=0,754). Entretanto, a força dos extensores do joelho, a MLG do membro inferior e os valores RMSn foram menores nos grupos MI (p=0,014, p=0,006 e p=0,013, respectivamente) e ID (p=0,000, p=0,000 e p<0,000, respectivamente). Conclusões: Os resultados deste estudo demonstram que as alterações na força muscular isométrica, na MLG e na atividade eletromiográfica dos membros inferiores são mais pronunciadas com o processo de envelhecimento do que a dos membros superiores. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adipose Tissue , Electromyography , Lower Extremity/physiology , Muscle Strength , Upper Extremity/physiology , Age Factors , Aging , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(1): 9-18, Jan-Feb/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704628

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the cardiac autonomic responses during upper versus lower limb discontinuous resistance exercise (RE) at different loads in healthy older men. Method: Ten volunteers (65±1.2 years) underwent the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test to determine the maximum load for the bench press and the leg press. Discontinuous RE was initiated at a load of 10%1RM with subsequent increases of 10% until 30%1RM, followed by increases of 5%1RM until exhaustion. Heart rate (HR) and R-R interval were recorded at rest and for 4 minutes at each load applied. Heart rate variability (HRV) was analyzed in 5-min segments at rest and at each load in the most stable 2-min signal. Results: Parasympathetic indices decreased significantly in both exercises from 30%1RM compared to rest (rMSSD: 20±2 to 11±3 and 29±5 to 12±2 ms; SD1: 15±2 to 8±1 and 23±4 to 7±1 ms, for upper and lower limb exercise respectively) and HR increased (69±4 to 90±4 bpm for upper and 66±2 to 89±1 bpm for lower). RMSM increased for upper limb exercise, but decreased for lower limb exercise (28±3 to 45±9 and 34±5 to 14±3 ms, respectively). In the frequency domain, the sympathetic (LF) and sympathovagal balance (LF/HF) indices were higher and the parasympathetic index (HF) was lower for upper limb exercise than for lower limb exercise from 35% of 1RM. Conclusions: Cardiac autonomic change occurred from 30% of 1RM regardless of RE limb. However, there was more pronounced sympathetic increase and vagal decrease for upper limb exercise than for lower limb exercise. These results provide a basis for more effective prescription of RE to promote health in this population. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Autonomic Nervous System/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Heart Rate , Heart/physiology , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology
19.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 73(1): 1-8, feb. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-672019

ABSTRACT

Está poco estudiada la modificación de la respuesta ventilatoria al ejercicio de miembros superiores (MS) post-entrenamiento en la EPOC. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, aleatorio y controlado en pacientes con EPOC, entrenando un grupo los miembros inferiores (GC) y otro adicionalmente los MS (GM). Se comparó la respuesta ventilatoria al ejercicio de MS pre y post-entrenamiento. Se estudiaron 43 pacientes, 84% varones, estadio GOLD II (moderado) 6 (14%), GOLD III (grave) 15 (35%) y GOLD IV (muy grave) 22 (51%). Veintiocho pacientes completaron el estudio. Post-entrenamiento: se observó en el grupo GM (N = 14) incrementos del V T isotiempo (p < 0.0001) y del % de capacidad inspiratoria (CI) isotiempo (8.8%, p = 0.001), mayores Ti isotiempo (29.3%, p = 0.022) y Ti/Tot isotiempo (37.4%, p = 0.0004) al ejercicio de MS. Se redujo el Te isotiempo (26%, p = 0.009). La CI isotiempo se incrementó (p = 0.01). Post-entrenamiento: en el grupo GC (N = 14) se incrementó el V T/Ti isotiempo (66.86%, p = 0.0005), y disminuyeron el Ti isotiempo (27.9%, p = 0.015) y el Ti/Tot isotiempo (22.74%, p = 0.00016) al ejercicio de MS. Se observó correlación moderada entre la Δ de frecuencia respiratoria y la Δ de CI al ejercicio de MS, post-entrenamiento solo para el grupo GM (r = -0.53, p< 0.001). Comparando ambos grupos en la respuesta al ejercicio de MS, se observó en el grupo GM, reducción del Te isotiempo (p = 0.049) y del V T/Ti (p = 0.0015), mayores Ti isotiempo (p = 0.0019), Ti/tot isotiempo (p = 0.000076) y CI (% predictivo, p = 0.01). El entrenamiento de MS modificó la respuesta ventilatoria, y también redujo el atrapamiento aéreo que se generó por el ejercicio de MS en la EPOC.


There are scarce studies evaluating the modification of ventilatory response to upper limb exercise (ULE) post-training in COPD patients. A prospective, randomized, controlled study was performed comparing two groups: training lower limbs (LL), vs. LL plus upper limb training (UL), in relation to their pre and post-training ventilatory response to ULE. A total of 43 COPD patients were included; 84% male, 6 (14%) GOLD moderate stage (II), 15 (35%) severe stage (III), and 22 (51%) very severe (IV); 28 patients completed the study. After ULE, in UL group (N = 14) a training increased isotime VT (p < 0.0001) was observed, as well as an increase in the inspiratory capacity isotime percentage (IC, 8.8%, p = 0.001), in the Ti isotime (29.3%, p = 0.022) and in the Ti/Tot isotime (37.4%, p = 0.0004). Also, Te isotime was reduced (26%, p = 0.009) and IC isotime was increased (p = 0.01) after ULE. In LL group (N = 14), training increased VT/Ti isotime (66.86%, p = 0.0005) after ULE. Also, after ULE a decrease in Ti isotime (27.9%, p = 0.015) and in Ti/Tot isotime (22.74%, p = 0.00016) were observed. A moderate correlation was observed between Δ respiratory rate and ΔIC after ULE, only for post-training in UL group (r = -0.53 , p < 0.001). Comparing both groups in relation to their responses to ULE, only in the UL group was a reduction observed in Te isotime (p = 0.049) and VT/Ti (p = 0.0015), higher Ti isotime (p = 0.0019), Ti/tot isotime (p = 0.000076) and IC isotime (% predictive, p = 0.01). UL training modified ventilatory response to ULE and it also reduced air trapping in COPD patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Exercise/physiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Pulmonary Ventilation/physiology , Respiratory Muscles/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Muscle Strength , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 30(1): 185-187, mar. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-638783

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo se propone comparar los diámetros de los vientres del músculo bíceps braquial y músculo braquial con el objeto de esclarecer algunas dudas sobre cuál sería el músculo más potente en la flexión del antebrazo. Las comparaciones fueron realizadas en 50 miembros superiores de cadáveres fijados. Se hizo evidente la diferencia promedio de 0,51 cm (5,8 por ciento) en el diámetro del vientre muscular del músculo braquial, ratificando lo encontrado en la revisión bibliográfica, donde el músculo braquial es un importante flexor del codo.


The present work seeks to compare the diameter of the wombs of the muscle brachial biceps and m. brachial in the intention of settling the doubts on which would be the most potent muscle in the flexing of the forearm. The measures were accomplished in 50 superior members of fastened corpses. A medium difference of 0.51 cm (5.8 percent) was evident in the diameter of the muscular womb the largest for m. brachial, ratifying what was found in the bibliographical revision, that brachial muscle is an important flexor of the elbow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arm/anatomy & histology , Arm/innervation , Elbow Joint , Muscles/anatomy & histology , Muscles/physiology , Upper Extremity/anatomy & histology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Brachial Plexus/anatomy & histology , Brachial Plexus/physiology
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