Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10099, 2021. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142582

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to analyze the infection rate and drug resistance of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) in the genitourinary tract of Chinese patients. From December 2018 to June 2019, vaginal secretion or urinary secretion of outpatients in our hospital were selected for culture and drug sensitivity analysis of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis. In 4082 Chinese samples, 1567 Mycoplasma were detected, a detection rate of 38.39%, among which 1366 cases were UU single positive, accounting for 33.47%, 15 cases were MH single positive, accounting for 0.36%, 186 cases were UU and MH mixed positive, accounting for 4.56%. The most affected age groups were 21-30 years and 31-40 years, accounting for 19.09 and 15.05%, respectively. The results of drug sensitivity showed that doxycycline, minocycline, josamycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin were more sensitive to mycoplasma infection. The distribution of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in the human genitourinary system and their sensitivity to antibiotics is different for sex and age groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ureaplasma urealyticum/drug effects , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma hominis/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , China , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification , Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
2.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(4): 2987-2996, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886827

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In order to study and characterize the lesions in the reproductive tract of Nellore heifers naturally infected with Ureaplasma diversum and presenting granular vulvovaginitis syndrome (GVS), fragments of uterine tube, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva of 20 animals were evaluated. The macroscopic lesions of the vulvovaginal mucosa were classified in scores of "1" mild, until "4", severe inflammation and pustular or necrotic lesions. The histopathological evaluation was performed using scores of "1" to "4", according to the inflammatory alterations. The fragments with severe microscopic lesions (3 and 4) were from the uterine tubes and uterus, which showed leukocytes infiltration and destruction and/or necrosis of epithelium. Alterations in the lower reproductive tract fragments were mild, but characteristics of acute inflammatory processes. The histopathological findings of the reproductive tract of females naturally infected with Ureaplasma diversum are consistent with injuries that compromise the environment from the local where spermatozoa acquires ability to fertilize an oocyte until those where the oocyte is fertilized. Therefore, animals with GVS should be identified early in the herd, because, besides the reduction in the fertility rates caused by tissue damages, they can contribute to disseminate the microorganism. Key words: bovine, tissue evaluation, reproduction, Ureaplasma diversum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle Diseases/pathology , Ureaplasma Infections/pathology , Genitalia, Female/pathology , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Genitalia, Female/microbiology
3.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1779-1783, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Potential risk factors for Ureaplasma diversum in the vaginal mucus of 1,238 dairy cows were included in a multivariate logistic regression model, based on the cow level (i.e., granular vulvovaginitis [+GVV], yearly milk production [4500 kg or more], pregnancy, predominance of Bos taurus [+Bos Taurus], score of corporal condition [at least 2.5], concomitant positivity for Escherichia coli [+E.coli]), and farm level i.e., milking room hygiene (-Milking room), dunghill location, and replacement female). Ureaplasma diversum was present in 41.1% of the samples. Independent risk factors for U. diversum were +GVV (odds ratio [OR], 1.31); +Mycoplasma spp (OR, 5.67); yearly milk production (4500 kg or more) (OR, 1.99); +Bos taurus (OR, 1.68); +E. coli (OR, 4.96); -milking room (OR, 2.31); and replacement females (OR, 1.89). Ureaplasma diversum vaginal colonization was strongly associated with Mycoplasma spp., E. coli, and number of pregnant cows.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Ureaplasma/isolation & purification , Vagina/microbiology , Cervix Mucus/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/veterinary , Ureaplasma/classification , Cattle , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Farms , Poaceae/microbiology , Animal Husbandry
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(3): 560-565, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889133

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ovine/caprine ureaplasmas have not yet been assigned a species designation, but they have been classified into nine serotypes. Herein ureaplasmas were searched for in 120 samples of vulvo vaginal mucous from sheep and 98 samples from goats at 17 farms. In addition, semen samples were collected from 11 sheep and 23 goats. The recovered ureaplasma were from sheep and goats from animals without any reproductive disorder symptoms, but not all animals presented positive cultures. In sheep, 17 (68%) cultures of vulvovaginal mucous were positive for ureaplasma and 11 (27%) samples of semen presented positive cultures in animals with clinical signs of orchitis, balanoposthitis or low sperm motility. In goats four ureaplasma isolates were obtained from vulvovaginal mucus, but the semen samples were all negative. The isolates were submitted to Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis methodology and their 16S rRNA genes were sequenced. Fifty percent of ureaplasma recovered from sheep allowed for PFGE typing. Eleven isolates showed eight profiles genetically close to the bovine ureaplasmas. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed differences or similarities of isolates from sheep and goats, and the reference strains of bovine and human ureaplasma. Four clinical isolates from sheep were grouped separately. The studied ureaplasma isolates showed to be a diverse group of mollicutes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Semen/microbiology , Sheep Diseases/microbiology , Ureaplasma/isolation & purification , Vagina/microbiology , Goat Diseases/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/veterinary , Ureaplasma/classification , Ureaplasma/genetics , Brazil , Goats , Sheep , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 44(3): 911-914, July-Sept. 2013.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-699823

ABSTRACT

A study was conducted to verify the presence of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas DNA in sheep semen samples from the State of Pernambuco. The PCR assay was conducted of according with standard protocols with generic primers. Mollicutes DNA was detected in 26.0% and Ureaplasma spp. in 12.0% of semen samples.


Subject(s)
Animals , Semen/microbiology , Sheep Diseases/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/veterinary , Ureaplasma/isolation & purification , Brazil , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/isolation & purification , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Sheep , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Ureaplasma/genetics
6.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 24(1): 47-56, ene.-abr. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-672135

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las infecciones en el semen humano pueden alterar la calidad espermática, y vincularse con problemas de infertilidad masculina. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de infecciones por Micoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum y bacterias aeróbicas en el semen de hombres que consultan por infertilidad, e identificar si existe relación entre las infecciones encontradas y las alteraciones en las variables de calidad del semen. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, para evaluar muestras de semen de 140 hombres, con edades entre 20 y 45 años, provenientes de las consultas de infertilidad del Instituto Nacional de Endocrinología. Se realizó un espermograma completo, que incluyó leucocitospermia, siguiendo los lineamientos de la OMS, para determinar las variables cualitativas y cuantitativas del semen. Las muestras de semen fueron cultivadas en agar sangre y agar chocolate a 37° C en atmósfera de CO2 para investigar bacterias aeróbicas, y se utilizó un juego de reactivos (Mycoplasma System Plus) que permite realizar el cultivo, la identificación, el conteo semicuantitativo y el antibiograma de micoplasmas/ureaplasma urogenitales. Se tuvo en cuenta los aspectos éticos, y los resultados obtenidos se analizaron mediante cálculo de por cientos y la aplicación de la prueba de chi cuadrado. Resultados: de las 140 muestras de semen evaluadas, 58 (41,4 por ciento) mostraron la presencia de infecciones, de ellas 37 correspondieron a Ureaplasma urealyticum (25,7 por ciento), 2 a Micoplasma hominis (1,4 por ciento) y 19 a bacterias aeróbicas (13,8 por ciento ). Al comparar las variables cualitativas y cuantitativas del semen con los sujetos infectados y no infectados, no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en ninguna de las variables de calidad espermática evaluadas. Conclusiones: la frecuencia total de infecciones, en la muestra estudiada, fue relativamente alta, pero no asociada a alteraciones en las variables seminales(AU)


Introduction: human semen infections can alter the sperm quality and be associated to male infertility disorders. Objectives: to determine the frequency of infections from Micoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum and other aerobic bacteria in the semen of men who attended the infertility service, and to identify whether there is some relation between the detected infections and the altered semen quality variables or not. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was performed to evaluate semen samples from 140 men aged 20 to 45 years, who attended the infertility service at the National Institute of Endocrinology. According to the WHO guidelines, a complete spermiogram including leukocytospermia was performed in order to determine the qualitative and quantitative variables in the semen. The semen samples were cultured in blood agar and in chocolate agar at 37oC under CO2 environment to find out possible aerobic bacteria. To this end, a set of reagents known as Mycoplasma System Plus was used, allowing the culture, the identification, the semi-quantitative count and the antibiogram of urogenital mycoplasms/ureaplasms. The ethical aspects were allowed for; the results were analyzed through percentage estimations and the chi square test. Results: out of the 140 evaluated semen samples, 58 (41.4 percent) showed some infection, 37 of them were caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum (25.7 percent), 2 by Micoplasma hominis (1.4 percent) and 19 by the aerobic bacteria (13.8 percent). When making a comparison of the qualitative and quantitative variables of the semen from infected and non-infected subjects, there were not any statistically significant differences in the evaluated variables of the sperm quality. Conclusions: the total frequency of infections in the studied sample was relatively high, but was not associated to altered seminal variables(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Semen/microbiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum/pathogenicity , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma hominis/pathogenicity , Infertility, Male/etiology , Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Jan-Mar; 29(1): 33-36
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143772

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this investigation was to simultaneously detect and differentiate Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum in female patients suffering from genital complications by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Materials and Methods : Genital swabs were taken from 210 patients. They were transported to the laboratory in phosphate-buffered saline. For PCR, samples were analysed with genus-specific MyUu-R and MyUu-F primers. This primer set, which was originally designed in our laboratory, amplified a 465 bp fragment (M. genitalium) and a 559 bp fragment (U. urealyticum). Samples containing a band of the expected sizes for the Mycoplasma strains were subjected to digestion with a restriction endonuclease enzyme of TaqI and Cac8I. Results: Of the 210 samples, a total of 100 (47.6%) samples were found to be positive for Mycoplasmas (seven M. genitalium isolates, 3.3%; and 89 U. urealyticum isolates, 42.4%), and coinfections with both species were detected in four samples (1.9%). The PCR-RFLP results showed that M. genitalium and U. urealyticum are different by enzyme patterns. Conclusion: PCR-RFLP offers a rapid and easily applicable protocol to simultaneous detection and differentiation of M. genitalium and U. urealyticum from clinical samples when specific primers and restriction enzymes are used.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bacteriological Techniques/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Genitalia, Female/microbiology , Humans , Middle Aged , Mycoplasma Infections/diagnosis , Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology , Mycoplasma genitalium/classification , Mycoplasma genitalium/genetics , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolation & purification , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Time Factors , Ureaplasma Infections/diagnosis , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum/classification , Ureaplasma urealyticum/genetics , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification
9.
Rev. biol. trop ; 42(1/2): 9-13, abr.-ago. 1994. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-218379

ABSTRACT

This is the first report of Ureaplasma sp. from the reproductive tract of Costa Rican cows. Among 204 animals sampled from 11 dairy farms in the country's Central Plateau, the infection rate was 0-71 per cent. Isolation was more frequent in vulvo-vestibular (38.7 per cent) than in cervical swabs (23 per cent). Ureaplasma was correlated with clinical granular vulvitis symptoms


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/veterinary , Ureaplasma/isolation & purification , Vulvitis/veterinary , Cervix Mucus/microbiology , Costa Rica , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/epidemiology , Prevalence , Ureaplasma/growth & development , Vulva/microbiology , Vulvitis , Vulvitis/microbiology
10.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 18(3): 238-241, Sept. 1993.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-409996

ABSTRACT

The authors examined 70 original samples obtained from 70 women seen at the Nuevo Veranillo Community Health Center because of suspected Mycoplasma infection. 23 (33%) of the cultures were positive for Mycoplasma. The microscopic and chemical characteristics identified 3 (13%) as Ureaplasma urealyticum, 9 (39%) were Mycoplasma hominis and 11 (48%) were positive for both organisms. The rate of positive cultures for Mycoplasma was high, which could be an important finding since these organisms are associated to a variety of pathologic conditions in adults of both sexes, in pregnant women and in their offspring


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cervix Uteri/microbiology , Mycoplasma/isolation & purification , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification , Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology , Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Panama , Vaginosis, Bacterial/microbiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL