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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1209-1218, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to assess failure rates of salvage interventions and changes in split kidney function (SKF) following failed primary repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of adult patients at an academic medical center who underwent salvage intervention following primary treatment for UPJO was performed. Symptomatic failure was defined as significant flank pain. Radiographic failure was defined as no improvement in drainage or a decrease in SKF by ≥7%. Overall failure, the primary outcome, was defined as symptomatic failure, radiographic failure, or both. Results: Between 2008-2017, 34 patients (median age 38 years, 50% men) met study criteria. UPJO management was primary pyeloplasty/secondary endopyelotomy for 21/34 (62%), primary pyeloplasty/secondary pyeloplasty for 6/34 (18%), and primary endopyelotomy/secondary pyeloplasty for 7/34 (21%). Median follow-up was 3.3 years following secondary intervention. Patients undergoing primary pyeloplasty/secondary endopyelotomy had significantly higher overall failure than those undergoing primary pyeloplasty/secondary pyeloplasty (16/21 [76%] vs. 1/6 [17%], p=0.015). Among patients undergoing secondary endopyelotomy, presence of a stricture on retrograde pyelogram, stricture length, and SKF were not associated with symptomatic, radiographic, or overall failure. Serial renography was performed for 28/34 (82%) patients and 2/28 (7%) had a significant decline in SKF. Conclusions: Following failed primary pyeloplasty, secondary endopyelotomy had a greater overall failure rate than secondary pyeloplasty. No radiographic features assessed were associated with secondary endopyelotomy failure. Secondary intervention overall failure rates were higher than reported in the literature. Unique to this study, serial renography demonstrated that significant functional loss was overall infrequent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Laparoscopy , Urologic Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Kidney Pelvis/diagnostic imaging
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 253-259, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090581

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objetive Pelvicureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction is the main cause of hydronephrosis in childhood. Open pyeloplasty has been the gold standard treatment of this condition with success rate above 90%. The role of laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) in children is less well defined and has slowly emerged as an alternative procedure. We report outcomes of our initial experience with LP in 38 children from 2 months of age. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to December 2017 38 children aged 2-60 months (mean age 1.7 years) underwent LP for correction of PUJ obstruction. The mean pre operative anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis (APD) was 43,5mm and all patients had hydronephrosis (APD 21.4-76 mm) and obstructed curve on diuretic renogram. Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was the performed technique. Results are reported. Results Mean operative time was 107 minutes (70-180) with no conversion to open procedure. Pain control was needed mainly in the first 12hs. Mean hospitalization was 2 days (1-5). There were complications in 5 children not affecting the final outcome. Two patients had a re-obstruction requiring a second procedure with good result. The mean follow up was 18 months (13-36). The mean reduction on the postoperative APD was 41% - p<0,001 (end APD 5 to 41mm). Overall success rate was 94,7%. All children had good cosmetic results. Conclusions This is a small series limited by short follow up, however its data suggest that LP has good functional and cosmetic results, not compromising the success of the open procedure, regardless patient age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Hydronephrosis/surgery , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hydronephrosis/etiology , Kidney Pelvis/pathology
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(11): e351108, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141939

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To develop a model for simulated training of ureteropyelic anastomosis in laparoscopicpyeloplasty. Methods: Longitudinal and experimental study, with 16 participants. A synthetic instrument was produced to simulate the renal pelvis and the proximal portion of the ureter positioned on a platform within laparoscopic simulators, thereby resulting in the realistic simulation of the ureteropelvic anastomosis. A step-by-step guide was also developed for the accomplishment of the ureteropelvic anastomosis training model. Results: In the evaluation of all participants' suture training, a decrease was found in the time needed to perform the anastomosis, with a median of 17.83 min in the 1st step and 14.21 min in the last one (p = 0.01). Regarding the knots, in the 1st step, 5% of them were considered firm, with an evolution to 30% in the last step (p = 0.011). Conclusion: We noticed improvement in the ability to perform the ureteropelvic anastomosis by participants with no experience with it. Therefore, even unexperienced participants can improve their skills with this training. Moreover, we observed the effectiveness of the model use, confirmed by the participants' opinion and its validation by expert surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureter/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Anastomosis, Surgical , Kidney Pelvis/surgery
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 965-973, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040084

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective We aimed to evaluate the results of laparoscopic pyeloplasty with concomitant pyelolithotomy and compare results with a cohort of patients undergoing laparoscopic pyeloplasty without pyelolithotomy. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed records of 43 patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty between December 2012 and July 2018 at our department. Eighteen patients (42%) underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty with concomitant pyelolithotomy. The results of patients with renal stones were compared with 25 matched patients undergoing laparoscopic pyeloplasty without concomitant renal stones. Demographic data, operative and stone parameters were compared between the groups. Results The groups were similar regarding to demographic characteristics. All operations were completed laparoscopically with no conversions to open surgery. In 3 cases without renal stones and 15 cases with renal stones, transposition of the ureter due to crossing vessels was performed. The mean stone size was 13±5.24 mm, and the median number of stones was 1 (1-18). The success of laparoscopic pyeloplasty with and without pyelolithotomy was 93.3% and 92.9%, respectively, as confirmed by negative diuretic renogram at postoperative 3rd months. Overall stone-free rate after laparoscopic pyelolithotomy was 93.3%. Mean operative time was 222.6765.71 minutes vs. 219.11±75.63 minutes for the pyeloplasty with concomitant pyelolithotomy vs. pyeloplasty, respectively (p=0.88). Conclusions Laparoscopic pyeloplasty with concomitant pyelolithotomy is a safe and effective intervention with associated good cosmetic results and high stone-free rates without significant increase in operative time or complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Nephrolithiasis/surgery , Nephrotomy/methods , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Nephrolithiasis/pathology , Operative Time , Hydronephrosis/surgery , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 617-620, May-June 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Pyeloplasty is considered the gold standard treatment for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). However, the failure rate of pyeloplasty is as high as 10% and repeat pyeloplasty is more difficult. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of balloon dilatation for failed pyeloplasty in children. Materials and Methods: Between 2011 and 2017, 15 patients, aged 6 months to 14 years, were treated with balloon dilation for restenosis of UPJO after a failed pyeloplasty. Ultrasound and intravenous urography were used to evaluate the primary outcome. Success was defined as the relief of symptoms and improvement of hydronephrosis, which was identified by ultrasound at the last follow-up. Results: All patients successfully completed the operation, 13 patients by retrograde approach and 2 patients by antegrade approach. Thirteen patients were followed for a median of 15 (4 to 57) months and 2 patients were lost to follow-up. Resolution of the hydronephrosis was observed in 5 cases. The anteroposterior diameter (APD) of the pelvis decreased by an average of 12.4 ± 14.4mm. Eight patients needed another surgery. The average postoperative hospital stay was 1.78 ± 1.4 days. Two patients experienced fever after balloon dilation. No other complications were found. Conclusions: Balloon dilatation surgery is safe for children, but it is not recommended for failed pyeloplasty in that group of patients, owing to the low success rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Urinary Catheterization/methods , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Ureteral Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Urinary Catheterization/instrumentation , Urography/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography/methods , Treatment Outcome , Hydronephrosis/surgery , Kidney Pelvis/diagnostic imaging
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 145-149, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989960

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: In the majority of published series, children undergoing open pyeloplasty are admitted for at least one night. We hypothesized that it would be possible in the majority of infants to perform open pyeloplasty as an outpatient procedure. Materials and Methods: All patients who underwent open pyeloplasty by a single surgeon between 2008 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data (age at surgery, gender, pre- and postoperative imaging studies, laterality, type of local anesthesia), operative time, duration of hospital stay, need for narcotic analgesics, complications, readmission within 1-month after surgery and need for additional procedures were abstracted. Results: A total of 18 infants underwent open pyeloplasty by single surgeon. Mean age at time of surgery was 19 months (range 3-23 months). There were 8 girls and 10 boys. In addition to general anesthesia, all of the patients received regional anesthesia (caudal block 8, epidural block 8, subcutaneous nerve block 2). Median operative time was 135 minutes (range 81-166). Median hospital stay was 1 day (range 1 to 2). Two patients required iv narcotics for pain management. None of the patients required parenteral administration of other medications during the short hospitalization. No patients required any additional procedures or hospital readmissions within 1 month from surgery. Conclusions: In appropriately selected patients, outpatient pyeloplasty appears to be feasible with an oral postoperative analgesia plan to be administered at home.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Outpatients , Postoperative Care , Retrospective Studies
10.
Clinics ; 74: e777, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze our experience and learning curve for robotic pyeloplasty during this robotic procedure. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients underwent 100 consecutive procedures. Cases were divided into 4 groups of 25 consecutive procedures to analyze the learning curve. RESULTS: The median anastomosis times were 50.0, 36.8, 34.2 and 29.0 minutes (p=0.137) in the sequential groups, respectively. The median operative times were 144.6, 119.2, 114.5 and 94.6 minutes, with a significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (p=0.015), 1 and 3 (p=0.002), 1 and 4 (p<0.001) and 2 and 4 (p=0.022). The mean hospital stay was 7.08, 4.76, 4.88 and 4.20 days, with a difference between groups 1 and 2 (p<0.001), 1 and 3 (p<0.001) and 1 and 4 (p<0.001). Clinical and radiological improvements were observed in 98.9% of patients. One patient presented with recurrent obstruction. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate a high success rate with low complication rates. A significant decrease in hospital stay and surgical time was evident after 25 cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy/education , Learning Curve , Robotic Surgical Procedures/education , Surgeons/education , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Operative Time , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Length of Stay
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 624-628, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954045

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To present our technique of ureteroileal bypass to treat uretero-enteric stric- tures in urinary diversion. Materials and Methods: One hundred and forty-one medical records were reviewed from patients submitted to radical cystectomy to treat muscle-invasive bladder cancer between 2013 and 2015. Twelve (8.5%) patients developed uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture during follow-up. Five patients were treated with endoscopic dilatation and double J placement. Four were treated surgically with standard terminal-lateral im- plantation. Three patients with uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture were treated at our institution by "ureteroileal bypass", one of them was treated with robotic surgery. Results: All patients had the diagnosis of uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture via computerized tomography and DTPA renal scan. Time between cystectomy and diag- nosis of uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture varied from five months to three years. Mean operative time was 120±17.9 minutes (98 to 142 min) and hospital stay was 3.3±0.62 days (3 to 4 days). Mean follow-up was 24±39.5 months (6 to 72 months). During follow-up, all patients were asymptomatic and presented improvement in ure-terohydronephrosis. Serum creatinine of all patients had been stable. Conclusions: Latero-lateral ureter re-implantation is feasible by open or even robotic surgery with positive results, reasonable operation time, and without complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Ureter/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Ileum/surgery , Urinary Diversion/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Urinary Catheterization/methods , Cystectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Operative Time , Urinary Catheters , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 400-402, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892979

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Postoperative imaging after appendiceal ureteral interposition may be difficult to interpret, misguiding the urologist towards intervention. We present a case in which radiological obstruction was not endorsed by a 99TcDTPA nephrogram, with favorable outcome after conservative treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Ureteral Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Appendix/transplantation , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate , Radiopharmaceuticals
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 370-377, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892965

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the feasibility and outcomes of laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children with complex ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and compare to children with iso-lated UPJO without associated urinary tract abnormalities. Material and Methods Medical records of 82 consecutive children submitted to transperi-toneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty in a 12-year period were reviewed. Eleven cases were con-sidered complex, consisting of atypical anatomy including horseshoe kidneys in 6 patients, pelvic kidneys in 3 patients, and a duplex collecting system in 2 patients. Patients were di-vided into 2 groups: normal anatomy (group 1) and complex cases (group 2). Demographics, perioperative data, outcomes and complications were recorded and analyzed. Results Mean age was 8.9 years (0.5-17.9) for group 1 and 5.9 years (0.5-17.2) for group 2, p=0.08. The median operative time was 200 minutes (180-230) for group 1 and 203 minutes (120-300) for group 2, p=0.15. Major complications (Clavien ≥3) were 4 (5.6%) in group 1 and 1 (6.3%) in group 2, p=0.52. No deaths or early postoperative complications such as: urinoma or urinary leakage or bleeding, occurred. The success rate for radiologic improvement and flank pain improvement was comparable between the two groups. Re-garding hydronephrosis, significant improvement was present in 62 patients (93.4%) of group 1 and 10 cases (90.9%) of group 2, p=0.99. The median hospital stay was 4 days (IQR 3-4) for group 1 and 4.8 days (IQR 3-6) for group 2, p=0.27. Conclusions Transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty is feasible and effective for the management of UPJO associated with renal or urinary tract anomalies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Urinary Tract/abnormalities , Urinary Tract/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(3): 481-488, May.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction A randomized trial was conducted prospectively to evaluate the efficacy, related complications, and convalescence of emergency percutaneous nephrolithotomy compared to percutaneous nephrostomy for decompression of the collecting system in cases of sepsis associated with large uretero-pelvic junction stone impaction. Materials and Methods The inclusion criteria included a WBC count of 10.000/mm3 or more and/or a temperature of 38°C or higher. Besides, all enrolled patients should maintain stable hemodynamic status and proper organ perfusions. A total of 113 patients with large, obstructive uretero-pelvic junction stones and clinical signs of sepsis completed the study protocol. Of those, 56 patients were placed in the emergency percutaneous nephrostomy group, while the other 57 patients were part of the percutaneous nephrolithotomy group. The primary end point was the time until normalization of white blood cells (WBC) at a count of 10.000/mm3 or less, and a temperature of 37.4°C or lower. The secondary end points included the comparison of analgesic consumption, length of stay, and related complications. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS® version 14.0.1. The Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher’s exact test were used as appropriate. Results The length of hospital stays (in days) was 10.09±3.43 for the emergency percutaneous nephrostomy group and 8.18±2.72 for the percutaneous nephrolithotomy group. This set of data noted a significant difference between groups. There was no difference between groups in regard to white blood cell count (in mm3), time to normalization of white blood cell count (in days), body temperature (in ºC), time to normalization of body temperature (in days), C-reactive proteins (in mg/dL), time taken for C-reactive proteins to decrease over 25% (in days), procalcitonin (in ng/mL), or complication rates. Conclusions This study confirms that emergency percutaneous nephrolithotomy may be as safe as early percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a selected low risk patients with sepsis-associated large, obstructive stone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/epidemiology , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Sepsis/surgery , Sepsis/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Taiwan/epidemiology , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Emergencies , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(3): 512-517, May.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840853

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To describe and analyze our experience with Anderson-Hynes transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) in the treatment of recurrent ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Materials and methods 38 consecutive patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic redo-pyeloplasty between January 2007 and January 2015 at our department were included in the analysis. 36 patients were previously treated with dismembered pyeloplasty and 2 patients underwent a retrograde endopyelotomy. All patients were symptomatic and all patients had a T1/2>20 minutes at pre-operative DTPA (diethylene-triamine-pentaacetate) renal scan. All data were collected in a prospectively maintained database and retrospectively analyzed. Intraoperative and postoperative complications have been reported according to the Satava and the Clavien-Dindo system. Treatment success was evaluated by a 12 month-postoperative renal scan. Total success was defined as T1/2≤10 minutes while relative success was defined as T1/2between 10 to 20 minutes. Post-operative hydronephrosis and flank pain were also evaluated. Results Mean operating time was 103.16±30 minutes. The mean blood loss was 122.37±73.25mL. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 4.47±0.86 days. No intraoperative complications occurred. 6 out of 38 patients (15.8%) experienced postoperative complications. The success rate was 97.4% for flank pain and 97.4% for hydronephrosis. Post-operative renal scan showed radiological failure in one out of 38 (2.6%) patients, relative success in 2 out of 38 (5.3%) patients and total success in 35 out of 38 (92.1%) of patients. Conclusion Laparoscopic redo-pyeloplasty is a feasible procedure for the treatment of recurrent ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), with a low rate of post-operative complications and a high success rate in high laparoscopic volume centers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Ureteral Obstruction/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Length of Stay
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(1): 13-19, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To investigate a possible causal relationship for stone formation in pelviureteric junction obstruction and to outline management options. Materials and Methods A literature search and evidence synthesis was conducted via electronic databases in the English language using the key words pelviureteric junction obstruction; urolithiasis; hyperoxaluria; laparoscopic pyeloplasty; flexible nephroscopy; percutaneous nephrolithotomy, alone or in combination. Relevant articles were analysed to extract conclusions. Results Concomitant pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) and renal lithiasis has been reported only scarcely in the literature. Although PUJO has been extensively studied throughout the years, the presence of calculi in such a patient has not received equal attention and there is still doubt surrounding the pathophysiology and global management. Conclusions Metabolic risk factors appear to play an important role, enough to justify metabolic evaluation in these patients. Urinary stasis and infection are well known factors predisposing to lithiasis and contribute to some extent. The choice for treatment is not always straightforward. Management should be tailored according to degree of obstruction, renal function, patient symptoms and stone size. Simultaneous treatment is feasible with the aid of minimally invasive operative techniques and laparoscopy in particular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/complications , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney/surgery , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney/complications , Urolithiasis/surgery , Urolithiasis/complications , Hydronephrosis/congenital , Metabolic Diseases/complications , Ureteral Obstruction/metabolism , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Risk Factors , Laparoscopy/methods , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney/metabolism , Urolithiasis/metabolism , Hydronephrosis/surgery , Hydronephrosis/complications , Hydronephrosis/metabolism , Kidney Pelvis/surgery
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 501-506, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Ureterocalycostomy can be performed in patients in whom desired methods of treating secondary PUJ (Pelvi-Ureteric Junction) obstructions either failed or could not be used. In our study, one child and two adults in whom one redo-ureterocalycostomy and two ureterocalycostomies were performed for severely scarred PUJ. The causes for secondary PUJ obstruction were post-pyelolithotomy in one case, post-pyeloplasty and ureterocalycostomy for PUJ obstruction in the second patient and the third patient had long upper ureteric stricture post-ureteropyeloplasty due to tuberculosis. In all these cases ureterocalycostomy proved to be salvage/final resort for preserving functional renal unit


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Adult , Young Adult , Ureter/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Ureterostomy/methods , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney/surgery , Hydronephrosis/congenital , Kidney Calices/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hydronephrosis/surgery
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(3): 255-261, May-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-784320

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Introduction: Obstructive nephropathy is a frequent complication in the course of advanced cervical cancer (CC), and ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) is a well established technique for fast ureteral desobstruction. Objective: To identify possible factors related to the survival and quality of life of patients with advanced CC presenting acute urinary obstructive complications that after desobstruction by PCN recovered urinary flux and renal function. Method: This is an analytical, descriptive, cross-sectional study that included 45 patients with CC who underwent PCN and were divided into 2 groups: “death” (DG) and “survival” (SG), in a public hospital that is reference for oncologic diseases in Northern Brazil. Results: The mean serum creatinine of the patients preceding PCN was >10 mg/dL, and after PCN <2 mg/dL. The cutoffs of 8.7 g/dL for Hb (p=0.0241) and 27% for Ht (p=0.0065) indicated the values that better discriminate the outcomes of the groups. The presence of low blood pressure was statistically correlated (p=0.0037) to the outcome “death”. Changes in glomerular filtration rate (already reduced in all cases) were not associated to the levels of Hb/Ht or to the outcome “death” during the nephrological follow-up. Conclusion: PCN was responsible for the recovery of renal function in 61.7% of the patients, leading to interruption of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in all of those patients. Hb levels >8.7g/dL and Ht >27% were associated to longer survival, and the presence of low blood pressure during follow-up was associated with progression to death.


RESUMO Introdução: a nefropatia obstrutiva é complicação frequente na evolução do câncer do colo uterino (CCU) avançado e a nefrostomia percutânea guiada por ultrassonografia (NFT) é uma técnica bem estabelecida para a rápida desobstrução ureteral. Objetivo: esclarecer os fatores relacionados à evolução ou não para óbito e qualidade de vida das pacientes com CCU avançado com complicações obstrutivas urinárias agudas e que, após desobstrução pela NFT, recuperaram fluxo urinário e função renal. Método: foi realizado estudo transversal analítico descritivo, que avaliou dois grupos de pacientes com CCU submetidas à NFT [óbito (GO) e sobrevida (GS)], em um hospital público, referência para doenças oncológicas da região Norte do país. Resultados: a creatinina sérica média inicial era >10 mg/dL pré-NFT e tornou-se <2 mg/dL após. Quanto à sobrevida, os pontos de corte de 8,7 g/dL de Hb e 27% de Ht melhor discriminaram a evolução dos grupos GO e GS (p=0,0241 e p=0,0065). Hipotensão se associou significantemente (p=0,0037) com a evolução para óbito. Variações na taxa de filtração glomerular, que já era reduzida em todos os casos, não se associaram aos níveis de Hb/Ht ou à evolução para óbito durante seguimento nefrológico. Conclusão: a NFT permitiu a recuperação da função renal em 61,7% das pacientes com CCU, dispensando terapia de substituição renal. Níveis de Hb >8,7 g/dL e Ht >27% estiveram associados a maior sobrevida, e a hipotensão durante o seguimento associou-se com evolução para óbito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/mortality , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/complications , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/mortality , Kidney Diseases/surgery , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Quality of Life , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/etiology , Ureteral Obstruction/mortality , Sex Factors , Epidemiologic Methods , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Creatinine/blood , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Middle Aged
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(1): 154-159, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim To assess if calibration of the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) using a high-pressure balloon inflated at the UPJ level in patients with suspected crossing vessels (CV) could differentiate between intrinsic and extrinsic stenosis prior to laparoscopic vascular hitch (VH). Materials and Methods We reviewed patients with UPJO diagnosed at childhood or adolescence without previous evidence of antenatal or infant hydronephrosis (10 patients). By cystoscopy, a high-pressure balloon is sited at the UPJ and the balloon inflated to 8-12 atm under radiological screening. We considered intrinsic PUJO to be present where a ‘waist’ was observed at the PUJ on inflation of the balloon and a laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty is performed When no ‘waist’ is observed we considered this to represent extrinsic stenosis and a laparoscopic VH was performed. Patients with absence of intrinsic PUJ stenosis documented with this method are included for the study. Results Six patients presented pure extrinsic stenosis. The mean age at presentation was 10.8 years. Mean duration of surgery was 99 min and mean hospital stay was 24 hours in all cases. We found no intraoperative or postoperative complications. All children remain symptoms free at a mean follow up of 14 months. Ultrasound and renogram improved in all cases. Conclusion When no ‘waist’ is observed we considered this to represent extrinsic stenosis and a laparoscopic VH was performed. In these patients, laparoscopic transposition of lower pole crossing vessels (‘vascular hitch’) may be a safe and reliable surgical technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Angioplasty, Balloon/methods , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Kidney Pelvis/blood supply , Pressure , Calibration , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Angioplasty, Balloon/instrumentation , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Hydronephrosis/surgery
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