Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.377
Filter
1.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 241-250, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252244

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis (VUAS) following retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) significantly worsens quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between proliferative hypertrophic scar formation and VUAS, and predict more appropriate surgical intervention for preventing recurrent VUAS. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional single-center study on data covering January 2009 to December 2019. METHODS: Among 573 male patients who underwent RRP due to prostate cancer, 80 with VUAS were included. They were divided into two groups according to VUAS treatment method: dilatation using Amplatz renal dilators (39 patients); or endoscopic bladder neck incision/resection (41 patients). The Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the characteristics of scars that occurred for any reason before development of VUAS. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 72 months (range 12-105) after RRP, 17 patients (21.3%) had recurrence of VUAS. Although the treatment success rates were similar (79.5% versus 78.0%; P = 0.875), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis indicated that dilatation using Amplatz dilators rather than endoscopic bladder neck incision/resection in patients with VSS scores 4, 5 and 6 may significantly reduce VUAS recurrence. A strong positive relationship was observed between VSS and total number of VUAS occurrences (r: 0.689; P < 0.001). VSS score (odds ratio, OR: 5.380; P < 0.001) and time until occurrence of VUAS (OR: 1.628; P = 0.008) were the most significant predictors for VUAS recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: VSS score can be used as a prediction tool for choosing more appropriate surgical intervention, for preventing recurrent VUAS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urethral Stricture/etiology , Urethral Stricture/prevention & control , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Urethra/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 327-334, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1248930

ABSTRACT

Ovariohysterectomy (OHE) is the most performed elective surgery in veterinary medicine. Although this procedure brings benefits both to the animal and public health, acquired urinary incontinence is a possible complication resultant from it. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence and evaluate size, breed, and time of surgery as risk factors in a population of spayed female dogs in the Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, in the year of 2013, through the use of a multiple-choice screening instrument. Identified estimated prevalence was 11.27% and main risk factors were as follows: large size (OR = 7.12 IC95% = 1.42 - 35.67), Rottweiler breed (OR = 8.92; IC95% = 5.25 - 15.15), Pit-bull breed (OR = 4.14; IC95% = 2.19 - 7.83), and Labrador breed (OR = 2.73; IC95% = 1.53 - 4.87). Time of surgery was not considered a risk factor for urinary incontinence in this population (OR = 1.45; IC95% = 0.86 - 2.40). Even though most owners reported a small impact on their relationship with the animal, urinary incontinence hazard should be addressed before spaying.(AU)


A ovário-histerectomia (OHE) é a cirurgia eletiva mais realizada em medicina veterinária. Embora seja um procedimento que beneficie a saúde pública e do animal, a incontinência urinária adquirida é uma complicação possível resultante desse procedimento. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a prevalência de incontinência urinária e avaliar porte, raça e momento da castração como fatores de risco em uma população de cadelas castradas no HCV/UFRGS, no ano de 2013, através do uso de um instrumento de triagem de múltipla escolha. A prevalência estimada foi de 11,27% e os principais fatores de risco foram: grande porte (OR = 7,12 IC95% = 1,42 - 35,67), raça Rottweiler (OR = 8,92; IC95% = 5,25 - 15,15), raça Pitbull (OR = 4,14; IC95% = 2,19 - 7,83) e raça Labrador (OR = 2,73; IC95% = 1,53 - 4,87). O tempo da cirurgia não foi considerado fator de risco para incontinência urinária nessa população (OR = 1,45; IC95% = 0,86 - 2,40). Embora a maioria dos proprietários tenha relatado um pequeno impacto no relacionamento com o animal, a possibilidade de incontinência urinária deve ser devidamente discutida antes da castração.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Urethra/pathology , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Incontinence/veterinary , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Castration/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 308-321, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154449

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and objective: To evaluate changes in verumontanum anatomy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who used 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) and to propose an anatomical classification of the verumontanum. Materials and Methods: We studied 86 patients with BPH and 7 patients without the disease (age under 40 years-old who underwent kidney or ureteral lithotripsy). Of the patients with BPH, 34 (mean age=67.26) had 5-ARIs use and 52 (mean age=62.69) did not use the drug. During surgeries, photographs of the seminal colliculus were taken and later, with the aid of software (Image J), the length (longitudinal diameter) and width (transverse diameter) of the verumontanum were measured in all patients. During the procedure, we evaluated the different types of verumontanum. For statistical analysis, the R-Project software was used. Results: In the group of patients with BPH who were taking medication (group 1), the mean measures of length and width of the verumontanum were 4.69mm and 2.94mm respectively. In the group of patients with BPH who did not use the drug (group 2), the mean diameters were 4.54mm and 3.20mm respectively. In the control group (group 3), the average length and width were 5.63mm and 4.11mm respectively. There was an increase in longitudinal and transverse measurements of the control group with an increase in body mass index (BMI) (p=0.0001 and p=0.035 respectively). In addition, there was a reduction in transverse diameter in the group of BPH using 5-ARI with increased prostate volume (p=0.010). We found five different verumontanum types: "volcano" (51.61%), "lighthouse" (24.73%), "whale tail" (12.90%), "hood" (5.38%) and "castle door" (5.38%), which we propose as an anatomical classification. Conclusion: Veromontanum has smaller measurements in patients with BPH regardless of treatment. In the control group, there was an increase in verumontanum diameters with an increase in BMI. The volcano type of verumontanum was the most frequent regardless of groups and BMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Urethra , Endoscopy , 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 237-250, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective is to summarize and characterize the long-term success of anterior augmentation urethroplasty in published series. The current literature on AU consists largely of retrospective series reporting intermediate follow-up and incompletely characterize the long term outcomes of AU. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was performed consistent with PRISMA guidelines to characterize long-term outcomes of AU with a minimum upper limit follow-up of 100 months. Penile/preputial skin flaps and graft and oral mucosal graft urethroplasties were included. The primary outcome was stricture-free survival for one-stage AU. Secondary analysis evaluated differences in outcomes based on two failure definitions: the need for intervention versus presence of recurrent stricture on cystoscopy or urethrography. Hazard rates were induced from the reported failure rates of one-stage AU and fixed and random effect models were fitted to the data. Additional subset analysis, removing potential confounders (lichen sclerosus, hypospadias and penile skin graft), was performed. Results: Ten studies met inclusion criteria, and two studies reported separate outcomes for grafts and flaps, and thus were included separately in the analysis. The mean hazard rate across all studies was 0.0044, the corresponding survival rates at 1 year 0.948, 5 years 0.766, 10 years 0.587, and 15 years 0.45. Subset analysis of the 4 select and homogeneous studies noted 1, 5, 10, and 15 years survival rates of 0.97, 0.96, 0.74, and 0.63, respectively. Conclusions: The long-term success rates of augmentation urethroplasty are appear to be worse than previously appreciated and patients should be counseled accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa
5.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 91-93, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282487

ABSTRACT

A herniação do ureter é uma condição médica extremamente rara e geralmente ocorre após transplantes ou ptose renal. A maioria dos casos relatados são identificados no momento da exploração cirúrgica para correção de hérnia inguinal, ou posteriormente como resultado de uma lesão operatória. Os pacientes comumente são assintomáticos até o agravamento do quadro, a idade média afetada é entre a quinta e sexta década de vida. O relato de caso destaca a importância de um diagnóstico precoce de um fenômeno incomum para evitar possíveis complicações. A herniação do ureter é uma causa importante de complicações no enxerto após transplantes renais, os sintomas dependem do grau de obstrução ureteral, localização e da presença de agravos. O procedimento de correção geralmente consiste em hernioplastia, inserção de stent e, em alguns casos, até mesmo ressecção do ureter e reanamastose. Devido ao risco de uropatia obstrutiva o tratamento deve ser realizado com cautela


Ureter herniation is an extremely rare medical condition and usually occurs after transplants or renal ptosis. Most of the reported cases are identified at the time of surgical exploration to correct an inguinal hernia, or later as a result of an operative injury. Patients are usually asymptomatic until the condition worsens, the average age affected is between the fifth and sixth decade of life. The case report highlights the importance of an early diagnosis of an unusual phenomenon to avoid possible complications. Herniation of the ureter is an important cause of graft complications after kidney transplants, the symptoms depend on the degree of ureteral obstruction, location, and the presence of injuries. The correction procedure usually consists of hernioplasty, stent insertion, and, in some cases, even resection of the ureter and resuscitation. Due to the risk of obstructive uropathy, treatment should be carried out with caution


Subject(s)
Humans , Urethra , Urinary Tract , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hernia , Diagnosis
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1072-1074, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction We present an alternative procedure for distal hypospadias consisting of urethral mobilization and partial glandar disassembly, namely GUD (glandar urethral disassembly) technique. Materials and Methods A subcoronal circumcision exposes distal dysplastic urethra. We incise the Buck´s fascia on both sides of urethra releasing it partially from the corpora. We keep a thin bridge of urethral plate to the glans and disassembly almost completely the glans from the corpora, except for the bridge. The glans is incised creating two wide wings that are extremely mobile. The urethra is mobilized, advanced and sutured to the tip of the glans. The glans wings embrace the distal urethra producing a conical glans. Discussion The concept of urethral mobilization has been reported and popularized by Koff in the literature to correct distal hypospadias. One of the limitations of this procedure is the risk of urethral retraction due to extensive proximal dissection. We got inspiration from Mitchell and Bagli' s work of penile disassembly in epispadias to develop the GUD concept. We adopt minimal urethral mobilization mainly in glandar/proximal penile shaft and complete deconstruction of the glans, detaching the corpora from the glans and rotating the wide glans wings to embrace the urethra. Therefore we avoid suture urethroplasty and refurbish the glans to a better conical shape. Conclusion We are convinced that this operation can be regarded as a genuine alternative to distal hypospadias (coronal and subcoronal) but should not be addressed to midshaft forms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Hypospadias/surgery , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1029-1041, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134266

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction To assess the feasibility of vacuum physiotherapy meant to decrease graft contraction and recurrent penile curvature (PC), hence successful tubularization and a straight penis in patients underwent two-stage buccal mucosa graft (BMG) urethroplasty, in proximal hypospadias repair. Material and methods Between January 2014 and July 2018, 59 two-stage BMG urethroplasties performed at our referral center, were included in the study. The parents were counseled to use the vacuum device between the two stages. An internal, self-administered, semiquantitative, non-validated questionnaire was designed to record parent and patient adherence to the vacuum physiotherapy and parent satisfaction. Success rate of graft tubularization, curvature correction rates, and status of early (4 months) postoperative urinary stream were evaluated. Results Of 45/59 (76.3%) who returned the questionnaire, 77.8% followed the recommended physiotherapy protocol using the vacuum device. 93.3% of parents replied that the use of the vacuum was easy or moderately easy. None of the parents interrupted the physiotherapy because of perceived difficulty or intolerability. 100% of parents would have repeated the physiotherapy, if they had to. Overall, success rate of tubularization was 98.3% (58/59), complete curvature correction was achieved in 88.2% (52/59) of patients, and 79.7% (47/59) of patients showed a straight and powerful early post-operative urinary stream. Conclusions Physiotherapy with the vacuum device is safe, easy and practically feasible. Our vacuum physiotherapy protocol had high compliance rate. Vacuum physiotherapy should be considered for further assessment in patients undergoing two stage hypospadias repair using buccal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Vacuum , Physical Therapy Modalities , Mouth Mucosa
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 962-970, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134260

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To examine the impact of obesity on perioperative outcomes and urethral stricture recurrence after anterior urethroplasty. Material and Methods We reviewed our prospectively maintained single-surgeon database to identify men with anterior urethral strictures who had undergone anastomotic or augmentation urethroplasty between October 2012 and March 2018. In all, 210 patients were included for primary analysis of perioperative outcomes, while 193 patients with at least 12 months follow-up were included for secondary analysis of stricture recurrence. Patients grouped by BMI were compared using univariate and multivariate analyses for perioperative outcomes and log rank testing for recurrence-free survival. Results Overall, 41% (n=86) of patients were obese and 58.6% (n=123) had bulbar urethral strictures. Obese patients had significantly longer urethral strictures (mean=6.7cm±4.7) than nonobese patients (p <0.001). Though urethroplasty in obese patients was associated with increased estimated blood loss (EBL) relative to normal BMI patients on both univariate (p=0.003) and multivariate (p <0.001) analyses, there was no difference in operative time, length of stay, or complication rate between BMI groups. At a mean follow-up interval of 36.7 months, 15% (n=29) of patients had stricture recurrence, yet recurrence-free survival was not significantly different between groups (log rank p=0.299). Dorsal augmentation urethroplasty resulted in significantly fewer recurrences in obese patients compared to nonobese patients (p=0.036). Conclusion Despite the association with increased urethral stricture length and EBL, obesity is not predictive of adverse perioperative outcomes or stricture recurrence. Obese patients should be offered urethral reconstruction, but patient selection and preoperative counseling remain imperative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Recurrence , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Obesity/complications
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(5): 772-777, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Transverse preputial island flap urethroplasty (TPIFU) is one of the most frequently performed technique for single-stage repair in proximal hypospadias. It was reported that the subepithelial urethroplasty would obviously decrease urethrocutaneous fistula (UF) complication after proximal TIP. But in the process of TPIFU, it had not been reported yet. Objective: We reviewed our experience to evaluate and compare the effect of continuous eversion suture (CES) versus continuous inversion subepithelial suture (CIS) on complication rates in the TPIFU. Material and methods: A retrospective review of all patients operated with CES and CIS in our institution between January 2017 and Jun 2017 was performed. Results: A total of 161 patients were enrolled in the research. Patients were followed up for 12~17 months. Total success rate was 73.9% (119/161). No statistically difference was found between the two groups with regard to age of patients (P=0.097), catheter size (P=0.52), time of catheterization (P=0.47), length of neourethra (P=0.20), non-urethral comorbidity (P=0.44) and post-operative infection (P=1.0). The overall postoperative complications had no statistically difference between the two groups (P=0.067). There were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of urethra-cutaneous fistula (UF) (OR=0.07, 95% CI: -0.24~0.037, P=0.22), urethral diverticulum (UD) (OR=0.026, 95% CI: -0.16~-0.056, P=0.323), urethral stricture (US) (OR=0.081, 95% CI: -0.15~0.15, P=1.0) and breakdown of urethral repair (BU) (OR=0.02, 95% CI: -0.118~-0.044, P=1.0). Discussion: The comparison of two group's postoperative complications was feasible because there were no statistically differences among perioperative variables. It seemed as if continuous inversion subepithelial suture would promote healing. However, it indicated that the overall success rate and the incidences of UF, UD, US and BU complications had no statistically difference between groups. It might be accounted for the subtle differences of techniques changing the process of establishing prime and side branches vascularization. Conclusions: The CIS technique had no significantly different effect on the four complications rates when compared with CES in TPIFU. Thus, CES and CIS could be randomly adopted in TPIFU as personal preference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Hypospadias/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/adverse effects , Surgical Flaps , Sutures , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 436-443, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090601

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Spongioplasty (mobilization and midline approximation of the two branches of the bifid dysplastic distal corpus spongiosum) can form a covering layer for the neourethra to prevent urethrocutaneous fistula in hypospadias repair surgery. However, it remains unclear whether spongioplasty affects neourethral function. The objective of this study was to compare neourethral function after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty. Materials and Methods: Fourteen congenital hypospadiac New Zealand male rabbits were randomly allocated into two groups, seven animals underwent Duplay hypospadias repair and spongioplasty (experimental group), while seven underwent Duplay surgery alone (control group). Functional differences between groups were assessed by comparing neourethral compliance and flow rate. Two months after surgery, in vivo neourethral compliance was assessed by measuring intraluminal pressure with a digital pressure meter of an isolated neourethral segment, following progressive distension with 1, 2, and 3mL of air. Penises were harvested for uroflowmetry test using a simple device. Results: Postoperatively, fistula developed in one and zero rabbits in the control and experimental groups, respectively. Mean pressures tended to be higher in the experimental group than in the control group (82.14 vs. 69.57, 188.43 vs. 143.26, and 244.71 vs. 186.29mmHg for 1, 2, and 3mL of air, respectively), but the difference was not statistically significant. Mean flow rates also did not significantly differ between the experimental and control groups (2.93mL/s vs. 3.31mL/s). Conclusion: In this congenital rabbit model, no obvious functional differences were found between reconstructed urethras after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Infant , Hypospadias , Penis , Rabbits , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Surgical Flaps , Urethra , Random Allocation
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 152-157, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To present the evolution and the recent data on the etiology, diagnosis, management and outcomes of penile fracture (PF) with concomitant urethral injury. Materials and Methods We searched the Pubmed database between 1998 and 2019 using the following key words: "penile fracture", "fracture of penis", "trauma to penis", "rupture of corpora cavernosa", "urethral injury", "urethral rupture" and "urethral reconstruction". Results The incidence of urethral lesion in patients with PF varies by geographic region and etiology. Blood in the meatus, hematuria and voiding symptoms are highly indicative of urethral rupture. The diagnosis of PF is eminently clinical and complementary exams are not necessary. The treatment consists of urethral reconstruction and the most common complications found are urethral stenosis and urethrocutaneous fistula. Conclusion PF is an uncommon urological emergency, particularly in cases with urethral involvement. Urethral injury should be suspected in the presence of suggestive clinical signs, and diagnosis is usually clinical. Urgent urethral reconstruction is mandatory and produces satisfactory results with low levels of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Diseases/surgery , Penile Diseases/diagnosis , Penile Diseases/etiology , Penis/injuries , Urethra/injuries , Urethral Diseases/etiology , Penis/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Rupture/diagnosis , Rupture/etiology , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Diseases/surgery
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 128-129, Jan.-Feb. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090566
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): e26-e29, 2020-02-00. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095686

ABSTRACT

El prolapso uretral es una enfermedad poco frecuente que afecta a la uretra distal. Ocurre, con mayor frecuencia, en niñas negras prepúberes y en mujeres posmenopáusicas. El motivo de consulta suele ser sangrado genital y/o disuria. El tratamiento incluye desde terapia conservadora hasta operaciones quirúrgicas.Se presenta el caso de una niña blanca de 11 años que acudió a Urgencias por flujo vaginal desde hacía 6 días y sangrado genital desde hacía 3 días, que se acompañaba de dolor punzante en la región genital, con disuria ocasional. Se observó una eversión circular de la mucosa uretral con un área granulomatosa y necrótica, por lo que se intervino quirúrgicamente y se realizó una resección del prolapso, con resolución de la clínica


Urethral prolapse is an uncommon condition that involves the distal urethra. It occurs most often in prepuberal black girls and in postmenopausal women. The reason for consultation is usually genital bleeding and/or dysuria. The treatment includes from conservative therapy to surgical interventions.We present the case of an 11-year-old white girl who came to the Emergency Room due to vaginal discharge for 6 days and genital bleeding for 3 days that was accompanied by stabbing pain in genital region, with occasional dysuria. A circular eversion of the urethral mucosa was observed, so the patient was surgically intervened, performing a prolapse resection with clinical resolution


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Prolapse , Urethra/surgery , Female Urogenital Diseases , Hemorrhage
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reconstruct a three-dimensional model of female urinary system based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and tomography angiography (CTA) data.@*METHODS@#MRI and CTA datasets were collected from 20 patients in our department in 2018 for reconstructing 3D models of the bladder urethra in resting state using Mimics19.0 software combined with engineering software. The metric parameters of the bladder urethra were analyzed in the reconstructed 3D model.@*RESULTS@#The bladder and urethra were successfully reconstructed using 10 MRI datasets, and the kidney, ureter and bladder were reconstructed using 10 CTA datasets. Using engineering software, we measured a number of cysto-urethral geometric parameters, including the cysto-urethral posterior angle (151.1±17.9°), beta angle (137.3±14.0°), urethral pubic angle (47.8± 12.1°), urethral tilt angle (21.5±7.3°), alpha angle (83.8±13.8°), the posterior pubic space (15.3±3.0 mm), and the urethral striated muscle thickness (2.6±0.6 mm).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional reconstruction of the anatomical model of the human urinary system provides a platform for studying the fine anatomy of the female urinary system and allows measurement of multiple parameters to better understand the functional differences of the bladder and urethra in different populations.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Models, Anatomic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Urethra , Urinary Bladder
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reconstruct a three-dimensional model of female urinary system based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and tomography angiography (CTA) data.@*METHODS@#MRI and CTA datasets were collected from 20 patients in our department in 2018 for reconstructing 3D models of the bladder urethra in resting state using Mimics19.0 software combined with engineering software. The metric parameters of the bladder urethra were analyzed in the reconstructed 3D model.@*RESULTS@#The bladder and urethra were successfully reconstructed using 10 MRI datasets, and the kidney, ureter and bladder were reconstructed using 10 CTA datasets. Using engineering software, we measured a number of cysto-urethral geometric parameters, including the cysto-urethral posterior angle (151.1±17.9°), beta angle (137.3±14.0°), urethral pubic angle (47.8± 12.1°), urethral tilt angle (21.5±7.3°), alpha angle (83.8±13.8°), the posterior pubic space (15.3±3.0 mm), and the urethral striated muscle thickness (2.6±0.6 mm).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional reconstruction of the anatomical model of the human urinary system provides a platform for studying the fine anatomy of the female urinary system and allows measurement of multiple parameters to better understand the functional differences of the bladder and urethra in different populations.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Models, Anatomic , Muscle, Skeletal , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Urethra , Diagnostic Imaging , Urinary Bladder , Diagnostic Imaging
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(4): 511-518, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134202

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The surgical treatment of bulbar urethral strictures is still one of the most challenging reconstructive-surgery problems. Bulbar urethral strictures are usually categorized as traumatic and non-traumatic strictures depending on the aetiology. The traumatic strictures are caused by trauma and they determine disruption of the urethra with obliteration of the urethral lumen, ending with fibrotic gaps between the urethral ends. Differently, the non-traumatic urethral strictures are mainly caused by catheterization, instrumentation, and infection, or they can also be idiopathic. They are usually associated with spongiofibrosis of the segment of the urethra that has been involved. Worldwide, two different surgical approaches are currently adopted for bulbar urethral repair: transecting techniques with end-to-end anastomosis and non-transecting techniques followed by grafting. Traumatic obliterated strictures require transection of the urethra allowing complete removal of the fibrotic tissue that involves the urethral ends. Conversely, non-traumatic, non-obliterated urethral strictures require augmentation of the urethral plate using oral mucosa grafts. Nowadays, it is still difficult to choose the correct surgical management for non-obliterated bulbar stricture repair. Indeed, different surgical techniques have been proposed (pedicled flap vs free graft, dorsal vs ventral placement of the graft, non-transecting technique using or non-using free graft, etc.) but none emerged as the best solution since all techniques have showed similar success and complication rates. Consequently, the final choice is still based on surgeon's preferences and patient's characteristics. Within the current manuscript, we like to present some of our tips and tricks that we developed along our prolonged surgical experience on the treatment of bulbar urethral strictures. These might be of interest for surgeons that approach this complex surgery. Moreover, our suggestions want to be useful regardless the type of chosen technique being adaptable for different scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urethral Stricture/etiology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa
20.
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 6(2): 159-165, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1093040

ABSTRACT

Resumen La fibrosis retroperitoneal es una patología rara, en la mayoría de los casos idiopática, aunque se ha asociado a medicamentos, neoplasias y otras enfermedades de tejido conectivo. Histopatológicamente se evidencia inflamación y depósito de tejido fibrótico en el retroperitoneo y se caracteriza por cubrir los uréteres provocando lesión renal aguda obstructiva siendo ésta, la manifestación más frecuente; el diagnóstico definitivo se obtiene únicamente con biopsia y la base del tratamiento es la corticoterapia, aunque en casos severos y en resistencia a los corticoides se han usado otras terapias como los inmunomuladores. En ocasiones son necesarias las intervenciones quirúrgicas para el manejo de las complicaciones. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 50 años que ingresó al servicio de urgencias del Hospital San José por dolor abdominal, los paraclínicos demostraron elevación de los azoados y en las imágenes diagnósticas hidronefrosis izquierda con componente de tejido blando interaortocava y periaórtico, se realizó biopsia retroperitoneal y se hizo diagnóstico de fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática, se instauraron nefrostomías bilaterales y se inició manejo con corticoide.


Abstract Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare, in most cases idiopathic, pathology, although it has been associated with medications, neoplasms and other connective tissue diseases. In terms of histopathology, inflammation and deposits of fibrotic tissue in the retroperitoneum are observed and, characteristically, this covers the urethra, provoking acute obstructive kidney damage, the most frequent manifestation of the disease. The definitive diagnosis is obtained solely via biopsy, and the basis of treatment is corticotherapy, although in severe cases, and where resistance to corticosteroids exists, other treatments have been used, such as immunomodulators. Occasionally, surgical interventions are necessary to manage complications. The case of a 50-year-old man who came to the Hospital emergency service due to abdominal pain is presented. Paraclinical studies showed azotemia, and diagnostic images showed left hydronephrosis with a component of interaortocaval and periaortic soft tissue. A retroperitoneal biopsy was conducted, and a diagnosis of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis was made. Bilateral nephrostomies were put in place and treatment with corticosteroids was initiated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis , Acute Kidney Injury , Urethra , Colombia , Connective Tissue , Nephrotomy , Hydronephrosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL