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1.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 25(1): 68-72, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399930

ABSTRACT

Los carcinomas uroteliales son el 4to tumor más común. Pueden ubicarse en el tracto urinario inferior (vejiga y uretra) o en el tracto urinario superior (cavidades renales, pelvis renal y uréter). Presentamos una serie de 3 casos, con cuadro de hematuria macroscópica, documentando tumores uroteliales, realizándose en estos casos un abordaje lumboscópico de riñón y una resección endoscópica del rodete vesical. Se realiza nefroureterectomía lumboscópica con resección de rodete vesical endoscópica transuretral. Los 3 pacientes fueron egresados al segundo día posquirúrgico sin complicaciones y en los tres casos el rodete vesical sin evidencia de actividad tumoral, y actualmente en vigilancia con excelente resultados oncológicos. La nefroureterectomía lumboscópica con resección endoscópica del rodete vesical es una técnica reproducible en manos experimentadas, con iguales resultados oncológicos que el abordaje abierto.


Urothelial carcinomas are the 4th most common tumor. They can be located in the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) or in the upper urinary tract (renal cavities, renal pelvis, and ureter). We present a series of 3 cases, with a picture of macroscopic hematuria, documenting urothelial tumors, performing in these cases a lumboscopic approach to the kidney and an endoscopic resection of the bladder rim. Lumboscopic nephroureterectomy was performed with transurethral endoscopic bladder rump resection. The 3 patients were discharged on the second postoperative day without complications and in the three cases the bladder rim without evidence of tumor activity, and currently under surveillance with excellent oncological results. Lumboscopic nephroureterectomy with endoscopic resection of the bladder rim is a reproducible technique in experienced hands, with the same oncological results as the open approach.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Urethra , Hematuria , Kidney Pelvis
2.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(2): 431-435, Apr.-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumors of smooth muscle origin that can develop in various locations. Urethral leiomyomas are rare, with approximately only 120 cases reported in the literature. These tumors often occur in the third and fourth decades of life but are rare in menopausal patients. In general, treatment involves surgery, only three recurrence reports in the literature. Description: a case report on a 56-year-old woman; the patient had type II diabetes mellitus and chronic high blood pressure, was overweight (body mass index, 27.1 kg/m2), and a smoker. Besides this, the patient presented symptoms of urinary obstruction and had a large urethral leiomyoma. The tumor was completely removed with no associated urethral lesions using a complex, combined abdominalvaginal surgical approach. Discussion: the management and treatment on urethral leiomyomas is challenging and have not been established yet due to the rarity of these tumors.


Resumo Introdução: os leiomiomas são tumores mesenquimais benignos de origem muscular lisa, podendo manifestar-se em diversas localizações. Os leiomiomas uretrais são raros, tendo apenas aproximadamente 120 casos relatados na literatura. São mais comuns na terceira e quarta décadas de vida, sendo raros em pacientes menopausadas. Em geral, são tratados cirurgicamente, com apenas três relatos de recidivas na literatura. Descrição: relato de caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 56 anos, portadora de diabetes mellitus do tipo II, hipertensão arterial crônica, sobrepeso (IMC 27,1Kg/m2) e tabagismo. Além disso, com quadro de sintomas obstrutivos urinários e portadora de um grande leiomioma uretral, este que foi completamente removido, através de uma desafiadora abordagem cirúrgica combinada (abdominal e vaginal), sem lesões uretrais associadas. Discussão: os leiomiomas uretrais são tumores raros e seu manejo é desafiador e ainda não foi estabelecido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Urethra/injuries , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/surgery , Leiomyoma/surgery
3.
MedUNAB ; 25(1): 59-65, 202205.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372534

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La fractura de pene es una emergencia urológica rara, se desconoce la incidencia real dado el subregistro causado por la reducida consulta de los pacientes, resultado del embarazoso contexto. En Estados Unidos alcanza un 38% donde la etiología de índole sexual predomina. En Colombia hay escasos reportes publicados. El diagnóstico de esta entidad es netamente clínico. El objetivo de este trabajo es reportar una evolución satisfactoria en términos de función miccional y eréctil en un paciente sometido a reconstrucción cavernosa y uretral temprana en rotura bilateral de origen traumático mediante una técnica quirúrgica poco convencional, de acuerdo con lo hallado en la literatura. Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino de 30 años, previamente sano, quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por uretrorragia, edema y dolor peneano secundario a trauma contuso del mismo durante relación sexual. El reporte ecográfico mostró disrupción en túnica albugínea del cuerpo esponjoso, hematoma y aparente transección uretral; se realizó exploración quirúrgica 6 horas después, con evidencia de fractura de cuerpos cavernosos, laceración del 40% de la circunferencia, transección completa de la uretra y cuerpo esponjoso. Se realizó rafia de cuerpos cavernosos y uretroplastia término terminal de uretra bulbar, con evolución clínica satisfactoria. Discusión. La reconstrucción quirúrgica en menos de 24 horas en fractura de pene disminuye significativamente la estancia hospitalaria y complicaciones precoces; asimismo, desciende el riesgo de disfunción eréctil, erecciones dolorosas y problemas miccionales. No hay publicaciones que comparen resultados a largo plazo entre los dos abordajes quirúrgicos. Conclusiones. La fractura de pene es una patología poco frecuente con diagnóstico clínico, la cual debe manejarse de manera temprana por cualquier urólogo y, en caso de ser posible, con experiencia reconstructiva y excelentes resultados en la función sexual y miccional.


Introduction. Penile fracture is a rare urological emergency, the real incidence is unknown given the underreporting caused by the reduced consultation of patients, resulting from the embarrassing context. In the United States it reaches 38%, where sexual etiology predominates. In Colombia there are few published reports. The diagnosis of this entity is purely clinical. The aim of this work is to report a satisfactory evolution in terms of voiding and erectile function in a patient who underwent early cavernous and urethral reconstruction in bilateral rupture of traumatic origin by means of an unconventional surgical technique, in accordance with what has been found in the literature. Case Presentation. A 30-year-old male patient, previously healthy, consulted the emergency department for urethrorrhagia, edema and penile pain secondary to blunt trauma to the penis during sexual intercourse. The ultrasound report showed disruption in the tunica albuginea of the corpus spongiosum, hematoma and apparent urethral transection; surgical exploration was performed 6 hours later, with evidence of fracture of the corpora cavernosa, laceration of 40% of the circumference, complete transection of the urethra and corpus spongiosum. Sutures to the corpora cavernosa and end-to-end urethroplasty of the bulbar urethra were performed, with satisfactory clinical evolution. Discussion. Surgical reconstruction in less than 24 hours in penile fractures significantly reduces hospital stay and early complications; it also reduces the risk of erectile dysfunction, painful erections and voiding problems. There are no publications comparing long-term results between the two surgical approaches. Conclusions. Penile fracture is a rare pathology with clinical diagnosis, which should be managed early by any urologist and, if possible, with reconstructive experience and excellent results in sexual and voiding function.


Introdução. A fratura peniana é uma emergência urológica rara, a real incidência é desconhecida dada a subnotificação causada pela reduzida consulta de pacientes, resultado do contexto constrangedor. Nos Estados Unidos chega a 38% onde predomina a etiologia de natureza sexual. Na Colômbia há poucos relatórios publicados. O diagnóstico desta entidade é puramente clínico. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar uma evolução satisfatória da função miccional e erétil em um paciente submetido à reconstrução cavernosa e uretral precoce em ruptura bilateral de origem traumática por meio de técnica cirúrgica não convencional, de acordo com o que foi encontrado na literatura. Apresentação do caso. Paciente do sexo masculino, 30 anos, previamente saudável, procurou o pronto-socorro por uretrorragia, edema e dor peniana secundária a trauma contuso durante a relação sexual. O relatório do ultrassom mostrou ruptura na túnica albugínea do corpo esponjoso, hematoma e transecção uretral aparente; a exploração cirúrgica foi realizada 6 horas depois, com evidência de fratura dos corpos cavernosos, laceração de 40% da circunferência, transecção completa da uretra e corpo esponjoso. Foram realizadas ráfia dos corpos cavernosos e uretroplastia término-terminal da uretra bulbar, com evolução clínica satisfatória. Discussão. A reconstrução cirúrgica em menos de 24 horas nas fraturas penianas reduz significativamente o tempo de internação e as complicações precoces. Da mesma forma, diminui o risco de disfunção erétil, ereções dolorosas e problemas de micção. Não há publicações comparando os resultados a longo prazo entre as duas abordagens cirúrgicas. Conclusões. A fratura peniana é uma patologia rara com diagnóstico clínico, que deve ser tratada precocemente por qualquer urologista e, se possível, com experiência reconstrutiva e excelentes resultados na função sexual e miccional.


Subject(s)
Penis , Urethra , Wounds and Injuries , Penile Erection , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 371-372, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364945

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Tissue transfer has been used in urethral reconstruction for decades, and several grafts have been described (1, 2). The ideal graft would have optimal tissue characteristics and lead to minimal morbidity at the donor site. Urethroplasty using bladder mucosa was first described by Memmelaar in 1947 (3). The main limitation in using bladder mucosal grafts has been the invasiveness of open harvesting (4). We describe an endoscopic technique using Holmium: YAG laser to harvest bladder mucosal graft for substitution urethroplasty. Methodology: A 33-year-old male with no history of urethral instrumentation, trauma, or infection presented with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms. On retrograde urethrogram a 6cm bulbar urethral stricture was identified. Several options were discussed, and the patient opted for a one-sided onlay dorsal urethroplasty (5) using a bladder mucosal graft. Equipment used to harvest the graft included an 18.5Fr continuous flow laser endoscope with a Kuntz working element (RZ) and a 60W Holmium Laser (Quanta) with 550μm laser fiber. The procedure was started by making a perineal incision, urethral mobilization and incision of the stricture segment. The laser endoscope was then introduced via the perineum. Settings of 0.5J, 30 Hz, and long pulse were used and a 7 x 2.5cm graft was harvested from the posterior bladder wall. Hemostasis of the harvest site was performed. The bladder mucosal graft was thinned in similar fashion to a buccal mucosal graft and sutured as per previously described techniques. Conclusion: Endoscopic Holmium Laser harvesting of bladder mucosal graft is feasible and may allow this graft to become an alternative to buccal mucosa. Further studies are required to define its role in urethral reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Urethra/surgery , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 365-366, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364944

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A challenging situation in proximal hypospadias is the presentation of patients with successful urethroplasty but with persistent or recurrent ventral curvature (VC) after multiple hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods: We present a 13 year-old boy with 7 previous surgeries (long TIP, Duplay, meatoplasty) to treat hypospadias presenting with 60 degrees of VC, in spite of a well-accepted coronally neomeatus. We degloved the penis and artificial erection clearly appointed corporal disproportion causing curvature. We disconnected urethra from corpora. After excision of remnant fibrotic tissue, there was a residual curvature so a lenghtening corporoplasty with dermal graft from groin was performed. We have adjusted the urethral meatus position into a proximal penile shaft. We used a buccal mucosa graft placed in an inverted U-shape position planning a second stage urethroplasty (1). An indwelling silicone Foley tube was left for one week. The patient was discharged the day after surgery. Results: The aspect after corporoplasty proved satisfactory curvature correction. Patient had an excellent outcome and is scheduled for a second-stage after 6 months. Discussion: Snodgrass and Bush (2) reported that on 73 patients with an average of 2.7 operations for proximal shaft to perineal hypospadias; of which, 83% had VC at re-operation averaging 50°. We do believe that some good results with minimal dorsal plicature may recur in adolescence and therefore when these procedures may be considered, they should be performed by classic Nesbit technique (3). Otherwise, the choice for primary ventral lengthening should be taken. Conclusion: Severe curvature associated with hypospadias should undergo a major procedure at early stage to avoid decompensation after dorsal plicature in adolescence. We had a very satisfactory result, the patient awaits the second stage procedure (Figure-1). Figure 1 End aspect after complete healing of buccal mucosa. Notice that penis is straight and second stage will be performed after 6 months of interval.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Adolescent , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hypospadias/surgery , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Urethra/surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 78-86, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356292

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Posterior urethral valves (PUVs) are the most common cause of congenital bladder obstruction in boys. Our aim was to assess the impact of early diagnosis and fulguration of PUVs on bladder function and compare their functional and urodynamic outcome with children who underwent delayed intervention. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 153 patients who underwent primary valve ablation from two tertiary hospitals between 2001 and 2018. Patients have been divided into 2 groups, group 1 included 69 patients who were detected antenatally and underwent early fulguration of PUVs while group 2 included 84 children presented postnatally and underwent delayed valve ablation. The recorded data throughout follow-up in renal function tests, urodynamics and changes in the upper urinary tracts were evaluated and compared. Results: Median age at time of valve ablation was 10 days in group 1 and 7 months in group 2. The median follow-up period was 6.5 and 7 years in group 1 and 2, respectively. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) developed in 15 (22%) boys in group 1 while in group 2 it was observed in 31 (37%), p=0.04. While Q-max, mean bladder capacity and post-void residual (PVR) volumes were comparable in both groups, percent PVR was significantly higher in group 2 (3.27 vs. 1.44, p=0.002). Detrusor overactivity was slightly different in both groups (p = 0.07). Conclusions: Compared to delayed intervention, primary ablation of PUVs during the early neonatal life possibly provides the optimum chance to have optimum renal function without impact on bladder function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Urinary Bladder Diseases , Urethra/surgery , Urodynamics , Retrospective Studies
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 198-199, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356291

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The transverse vaginal septum (TVS) with congenital urethra-vaginal fistula (CUVF) is a rare anomaly of the mullerian duct (1, 2). Incomplete channelling of the vaginal plate, or an abnormality in the fusion of the vaginal component of mullerian duct with the urogenital sinus results in TVS (1, 3, 4). High CUVF occurs due to the persistent communication between the urogenital sinus and utero-vaginal primordium at the tubercle sinus, whereas low CUVF is due to excessive apoptosis of the vaginal plate during channelling (5). The principles of management of CUVF with TVS include: 1) TVS resection, 2) Create a neovagina. We present a case of CUVF with TVS managed by robotic assistance. Material and methods: A 24-year-old female, married for 3 years, presented with cyclical hematuria since menarche, dyspareunia and primary infertility. Examination revealed blind ending vagina 4cm from the introitus. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a fistulous communication between urethra and vagina, and TVS. Cystourethroscopy confirmed a proximal urethra-vaginal fistula. Urethroscopy guided puncture of the TVS was performed, tract dilated and a catheter was placed across it. Robotic assisted transvaginal approach was planned. Air docking of robot was performed. Traction on the catheter was given to identify the incised edges of the septum. Vaginal flaps were raised laterally, fistulous tract was excised. Proximal vagina mucosa was identified and vaginoplasty was performed. Result: Patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful. Urethral catheter was removed after 5 days. She had normal voiding and menstruation. Vaginoscopy performed at 1st month follow-up, revealed an adequate vaginal lumen. Vaginal moulds were advised for 6 weeks during the night, following which she resumed her sexual activity. She conceived 6 months post-surgery, and delivered a child by caesarean section. Conclusion: We successfully managed this case by resection of septum, neovagina creation and thereby achieving normal menstruation and conception. The advantages of robotic approach were magnification, precision and manoeuvrability in a limited space, avoiding a vaginal release incision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vaginal Diseases , Vaginal Fistula/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Urethra/surgery , Urethra/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/surgery
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 70-77, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356275

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the use of transperineal ultrasonography while diagnosing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) by comparing the urethral angle (α), posterior urethrovesical angle (β), and bladder neck descent (BND) during rest and Valsalva maneuver in continent women and women with SUI. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was conducted with 50 women with SUI and 50 continent women. Transperineal ultrasonography was performed at rest and during Valsalva maneuver. Q-tip test was performed. Results: During the Valsalva maneuver, both α and β angles were significantly higher in women with SUI (p <0.001). The difference between Valsalva and rest measurements of α and β angles (R α, R β) were also significantly higher in women with SUI (p <0.001). The cut-off point determined for the R α in the diagnosis of stress incontinence was 16° (80% sensitivity, 98% specificity). A statistically significant strong correlation was found between Q-tip test angle and R α value (p=0.000; r=0.890). Q-tip VAS pain scores were significantly higher than ultrasonography VAS pain scores (p <0.001). In relation to the bladder neck descent comparison between the two groups showed that BND was significantly higher in SUI group (p <0.001). The cut-off point determined for BND in the diagnosis of SUI was >11mm (90% sensitivity, 98% specificity). Conclusion: Transperineal ultrasonography is a practical, reliable, non-invasive and comfortable method for evaluation of SUI. It has the advantage of dynamic evaluation during the Valsalva maneuver. Rotation angles and BND have high sensitivity and specificity for detection of SUI. The change in α angle with Valsalva (Rα) can be used as an alternative to Q-tip test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/diagnostic imaging , Bandages , Urethra/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the relationship between recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and preoperative/postoperative membranous urethral length (MUL) on magnetic resonance imaging.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 69 patients with pathologic confirmed prostate carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Preoperative MUL was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the level of the urethra at penile bulb on the coronal image. Postoperative MUL was defined as the distance from the bladder neck to the level of the urethra at the penile bulb on the coronal image. MUL-retained rate was defined as the percentage of postoperative MUL to preoperative MUL. All patients received extraperitoneal LRP. Patients reported freedom from using safety pad (0 pad/d) were defined as urinary continence. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank test were used to compare time to continence recovery between the groups.@*RESULTS@#For all the 69 patients, the average age was (71.4±8.6) years. The prostate specific antigen before biopsy was (23.40±30.31) μg/L, and the mean preoperative prostatic volume by magnetic resonance imaging was (39.48±22.73) mL. The mean preoperative MUL was (13.0±3.3) mm, the mean postoperative MUL was (12.3±3.4) mm, and the mean MUL-retained rate was 93.9%±6.2%. The continence rate for all the patients after LRP was 57.9% and 97.1% in three months and one year, respectively. The patients achieving early continence recovery had significant smaller prostatic volume (P=0.028), longer preoperative MUL and postoperative MUL (P < 0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses revealed postoperative MUL (P < 0.001) were predictors of continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Log-rank test revealed that preoperative MUL (≥14 mm vs. < 14 mm, P < 0.001) and postoperative MUL (≥13 mm vs. < 13 mm, P < 0.001), MUL-retained rate (< 94% vs. ≥94%, P < 0.001) were all significantly associated with continence recovery.@*CONCLUSION@#Post-operative MUL was independently predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Preoperative MUL, postoperative MUL and MUL retained rate were significantly associated with recovery of urinary continence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Urethra , Urinary Incontinence/etiology
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 311-316, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928538

ABSTRACT

Repairing glans dehiscence after failed hypospadias repair is challenging for pediatric surgeons. Here, we introduced and evaluated a newly modified Mathieu technique, Mathieu combined tunnel (MCT), which involves multiple custom-designed flaps for the shortage of flap source material after repeated operations; we also constructed a tunnel to avoid the glans incision that may carry new risks of dehiscence. This retrospective study included 26 patients who were consecutively admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (Guangzhou, China) for glans dehiscence repair after failed hypospadias repair from October 2014 to October 2020; sixteen patients underwent surgery using the MCT (MCT group) and ten patients underwent surgery using the tubularized incised plate (TIP) technique (TIP group). The operative time, blood loss, postoperative complications, normal urethral meatus rate, success rate, and Hypospadias Objective Penile Evaluation (HOPE) score were compared between the two groups. The MCT group achieved an overall satisfactory penile appearance and voiding function, with a higher rate of normal urethral meatus (15/16, 93.8%) and a lower rate of glans dehiscence (1/16, 6.2%), compared with the TIP group (70.0% and 30.0%, respectively). However, these differences were not statistically significant, possibly because of the limited number of patients (all P > 0.05). Mean postoperative HOPE scores were similar in the MCT group (mean ± standard deviation: 8.83 ± 0. 89) and TIP group (8.94 ± 0.57) (P > 0.05). No significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of blood loss and success rate, nor in the rates of various complications (e.g., fistula, urethral stricture, and glans dehiscence). In conclusion, the MCT technique appears to be feasible and reliable for repairing glans dehiscence after failed hypospadias repair.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Hypospadias/surgery , Infant , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urethra/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods
14.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 156-161, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357604

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El prolapso uretral es una entidad poco común, con una incidencia estimada de 1 en 3000 mujeres. Se presenta cuando la mucosa uretral sobresale espontáneamente más allá del meato uretral. Es una patología poco diagnosticada dada su baja frecuencia y de allí la importancia de conocer sobre su presentación, diagnóstico y tratamiento. El objetivo de este artículo fue presentar el caso de una paciente de 10 años con diagnóstico de prolapso uretral y su manejo quirúrgico. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 10 años, que consultó por cuadro clínico de 1 año de evolución consistente en dolor en región urogenital, que se irradiaba a hipogastrio, asociado a pujo y disuria, a quien se le diagnosticó prolapso uretral y se realizó corrección quirúrgica de mucosa uretral prolapsada mediante técnica de Kelly-Burnham modificada. Conclusión. El prolapso uretral es una entidad que con frecuencia es diagnosticada erróneamente pues su diagnóstico es eminentemente clínico. Si bien se ha descrito el tratamiento médico en primera instancia, éste tiene una alta tasa de recurrencia, por lo que en estos casos se prefiere la resección quirúrgica del tejido prolapsado.


Introduction. Urethral prolapse is a rare entity, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 3,000 women. It occurs when the urethral mucosa spontaneously protrudes beyond the urethral meatus. It is a poorly diagnosed pathology given its low frequency and hence the importance of knowing about its presentation, diagnosis and treatment. The objective of this article was to present the case of a 10-year-old patient with a diagnosis of urethral prolapse and its surgical management. Clinical case. A 10-year-old female patient, who consulted for a 1-year clinical picture consisting of pain in the urogenital region, radiating to the hypogastrium, associated with pushing and dysuria, who was diagnosed with urethral prolapse and a surgical correction of the urethral mucosa was performed prolapsed by modified Kelly-Burnham technique. Conclusion. Urethral prolapse is an entity that is frequently misdiagnosed because its diagnosis is eminently clinical. Although medical treatment has been described in the first instance, it has a high recurrence rate, so surgical resection of the prolapsed tissue is preferred in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prolapse , Urethra , Pediatrics , General Surgery , Conservative Treatment
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 1032-1036, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study is describing a technique with the use of a tunica vaginalis flap (TVF) to cover the suture line during anterior urethroplasty in patients with kippered urethra due to chronic indwelling catheterization (CIC). We studied 5 patients (mean age=50.2) with a neurogenic bladder that developed urethral erosion after a long period of CIC. Foley catheter was removed on the 14th postoperative day. One patient developed wound infection and utethrocutaneous fistula, which was conservatively managed and after 12 months of follow-up all the patients didn't report difficulties in intermittent self-catheterization. In conclusion, a urethroplasty with TVF technique may be a viable method for repairing penile urethral erosions, but further studies are required with a bigger sample to confirm our results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fistula , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Surgical Flaps , Urethra/surgery
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 856-860, Jul.-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286774

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The management of complex urethral stenosis may involve different surgical techniques. As retraction of the graft may account for surgical failure, this risk increases in patients with more extensive stenosis requiring a graft of greater diameter. Although double grafts have already been used to maximize success in these cases, we propose a modified technique for urethroplasty with longitudinal urethral incision. The hypothesis was that this technique would increase the lumen by using only a urethral incision on the dorsal surface. Two patients presenting with recurrent urethral stenosis underwent urethroplasty using a double graft of oral mucosa that preserves the integrity of the spongy tissue and allows ventral inlay graft fixation using a midline relaxing incision in the portion of the urethra with stenosis. In both cases, the urethrocystoscopy and uroflowmetry performed after surgery showed a pervious and complacent urethra. After four and six months of follow-up, the postoperative outcomes were satisfactory for both patients. Further studies involving larger numbers of patients and long-term follow-up are required to evaluate the effectiveness of this method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa/surgery
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 829-840, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286765

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The diagnosis and treatment of female urethral stricture disease (FUSD) are practiced variably due to the scarcity of data on evaluation, variable definitions, and lack of long-term surgical outcomes. FUSD is difficult to rule out solely on the basis of a successful calibration with 14F catheter. In this study, we have tried to characterize the variable clinical presentation of FUSD, the diagnostic utility of calibration, videourodynamic study(VUDS), and urethroscopy in planning surgical management. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of records of 16 patients who underwent surgical management of FUSD was analyzed. The clinical history, examination findings, and the results of all the investigations (including uroflowmetry, VUDS findings, urethroscopy) they underwent, the procedures they had undergone, and the follow-up data were studied. Results: A total of 16 patients underwent surgical management of FUSD. 13 out of 16 patients had successful calibration with 14F catheter on the initial presentation. These 13 patients on VUDS demonstrated significant BOO and had variable stigmata of stricture on urethroscopy. The mean IPSS, flow rate, and PVR at presentation and after urethroplasty were 23.88±4.95, 7.72±4.25mL/s, 117.06±74.46mL and 3.50±3.44, 22.34±4.80mL/s, and 12.50±8.50mL, respectively. (p <0.05). The mean flow rate after endo dilation(17F) (n=12) was 11.4±2.5mL/s while after urethroplasty improved to 20.30±4.19mL/s and was statistically significant(p <0.05). Conclusions: An adept correlation between clinical assessment, urethroscopy findings, and VUDS is key in objectively identifying FUSD and planning surgical management. A good caliber of the urethra is not sufficient enough to rule out a significant obstruction due to FUSD. Early urethroplasty provides significantly better outcomes in patients who have failed dilation as a treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Calibration , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Revagog (Impresa) ; 3(2): 64-65, Abr-Jun. 2021. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1348106

ABSTRACT

Las glándulas de Skene se encuentran localizadas en la región lateral de la uretra distal, por lo general son asintomáticas sin embargo en ciertas ocasiones pueden obstruirse creando acumulación de líquido en su interior, el cual provoca síntomas, abscesos o quistes que pueden ser tratados con tratamiento médico o quirúrgico. En este caso se presenta una mujer que consulta en múltiples ocasiones por salida de secreción purulenta de la glándula de skene, ya tratada con esquemas antibióticos en 3 ocasiones, sin embargo al persistir con recurrencia de absceso a pesar de antibioterapia se realiza abordaje quirúrgico para resección de la misma (AU)


Skene's glands are located in the lateral region of the distal urethra, are usually asymptomatic however on certain occasions they can become clogged creating accumulation of fluid inside, which causes symptoms, abscesses or cysts They can be treated with medical or surgical treatment. In this case, a woman is presented who consults in multiple sometimes due to discharge of purulent secretion from the skene's gland, she already treated with antibiotic regimens on 3 occasions, however When abscess recurrence persists despite antibiotic therapy, performs surgical approach for its resection


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cysts/drug therapy , Abscess/drug therapy , Urethra/physiopathology , Cystoscopy/methods , Cysts/surgery
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