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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878927

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of ethanol extract of Phellinus igniarius in lowering uric acid and changing the gut microbiome in hyperuricemia rats. A total of 36 SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model control group, positive drug control group, and high-dose, middle-dose and low-dose P. igniarius ethanol extract groups, with 6 rats in each group. Hyperuricemia rats were established by D-fructose combined with oteracil potassium(OAPS). One week later, the positive control group was given allopurinol 50 mg·kg~(-1) intragastrically, and P. igniarius ethanol extract groups were treated with 30, 60 and 90 mg·kg~(-1) drugs for 14 consecutive days. Body weight, blood glucose and serum uric acid(SUA) were monitored every week. After the model rats were administered with the ethanol extracts of P. igniarius by gavage for two weeks, the activities of creatinine, BUN, xanthine oxidase(XOD) and adenosine deaminase(ADA) were detected. The right kidney was taken to analyze the histological and morphological changes and the degree of damage to main organs of the extract of P. igniarius. The 16 S rDNA gene sequence technique was used to analyze the guts microbiota composition in feces. The results indicated that ethanol extract of P. igniarius could significantly lower the SUA level(P<0.01), while inhibiting the activities of XOD and ADA(P<0.05, P<0.01). Histological examination showed that the allopurine group showed slight renal tubular dilation and inflammatory cell infiltration compared with the normal group, with no significant difference between the P. igniarius ethanol extract groups and the normal group. The 16 S sequencing results showed that the composition of gut microbiota has changed in each group. Therefore, ethanol extracts of P. igniarius may reduce the level of SUA in rats by inhibiting the activities of XOD and ADA, with a certain effect on the composition of gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ethanol , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hyperuricemia , Phellinus , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Uric Acid
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879869

ABSTRACT

A boy attended the hospital at the age of 1 month due to left hand tremor for 1 week. A blood test showed a reduction in serum uric acid and a cranial MRI showed encephalomalacia, atrophy, and cystic changes. The boy had microcephalus, unusual facial features (long face, long forehead, protruded forehead, long philtrum, low nasal bridge, facial swelling, and thick lower lip), hypertonia of lower extremities, and severe global developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing performed for the boy detected a homozygous mutation, c.217C > T(p.R73W), in the


Subject(s)
Carbon-Carbon Lyases , China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Mutation , Uric Acid
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the condition of subclinical cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension and the association between serum uric acid and subclinical cardiac damage.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children who were hospitalized and diagnosed with primary hypertension in the Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to June 2020. Forty-five healthy children, matched for age and sex, were enrolled as the control group. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory examination, and parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function. The correlation of serum uric acid with the parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function in children with primary hypertension was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the hypertension group had significantly higher left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and relative wall thickness (RWT) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with primary hypertension may have subclinical cardiac damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, left atrial enlargement, and proximal aortic dilation. Elevated serum uric acid is significantly associated with cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Child , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(9): e00255920, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345630

ABSTRACT

Abstract: There is a conflict in the literature regarding the association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic status. Therefore, we evaluated the association between SUA level and glycemic status - impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and diabetes mellitus - and insulin resistance, in a large Brazilian study. This is a cross-sectional, observational study with 13,207 participants aged 35-74 years, at baseline (2008-2010) of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). A multinomial regression analysis was performed to test the association between SUA and glycemic status (IFG, IGT, and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes at the cohort baseline) after adjustments by age, sex, skin color, body mass index, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, comorbidities, and medicines use. Logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between SUA and insulin resistance by HOMA-IR. Stratified analyses by sex were performed. The mean age (standard deviation) was 51.4 (8.9) years, 55.2% of participants were women. There were 1,439 newly diagnosed diabetes. After all adjustments, higher SUA was associated with IFG, IGT, and diabetes, with odds ratio (OR) = 1.15 (95%CI: 1.06; 1.25), 1.23 (95%CI: 1.14; 1.33), and 1.37 (95%CI: 1.24; 1.51), respectively. There was association between SUA levels and insulin resistance with OR = 1.24 (95%CI: 1.13; 1.36). In analysis stratified by sex, higher SUA persisted independently associated with impaired glycemic status. Our results suggest that a higher SUA levels were significantly associated with glycemic status in a large Latin American population, mainly among women.


Resumo: Há uma controvérsia na literatura a respeito da associação entre níveis de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) e glicemia. Portanto, avaliamos a associação entre AUS e glicemia (glicemia em jejum alterada, intolerância glicêmica e diabetes mellitus), além da resistência insulínica, em uma amostra grande no Brasil. O estudo transversal observacional incluiu 13.207 participantes com idade entre 35 e 74 anos na linha de base (2008-2010) do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil). Foi realizada análise de regressão multivariada para testar a associação entre AUS e glicemia (glicemia em jejum alterada, intolerância glicêmica e diagnóstico novo de diabetes tipo 2 na linha de base da coorte) depois de ajustar para idade, sexo, cor, índice de massa corporal, atividade física, tabagismo, consumo de álcool, comorbidades e uso de medicação. O modelo de regressão logística foi usado para avaliar a associação entre AUS e resistência insulínica por HOMA-IR. Foram realizadas análises estratificadas por sexo. A média de idade (DP) foi 51,4 (8,9) anos, e 55,2% dos participantes eram mulheres. Houve 1.439 novos diagnósticos de diabetes. Depois de todos os ajustes, o AUS esteve associado à glicemia em jejum alterada, intolerância glicêmica e diabetes, com odds ratio (OR) = 1,15 (IC95%: 1,06; 1,25), 1,23 (IC95%: 1,14; 1,33) e 1,37 (IC95%: 1,24; 1,51), respectivamente. Houve uma associação entre níveis de AUS e resistência insulínica, com OR = 1,24 (IC95%: 1,13; 1,36). Na análise estratificada por sexo, persistiu a associação independente entre AUS elevado e glicemia. Os resultados sugerem que níveis elevados de AUS estão associados de maneira significativa com a glicemia em uma população latino-americana grande, sobretudo entre mulheres.


Resumen: Hay un conflicto en la literatura respecto a la asociación entre los niveles de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) y el estado glucémico. Por eso, evaluamos la asociación entre el nivel AUS y el estatus glucémico: glucosa alterada en ayunas (GAA), tolerancia a la glucosa alterada (TGA) y diabetes mellitus (diabetes), comparados con la resistencia a la insulina en un amplio estudio en Brasil. Se realizó un estudio transversal, observacional con 13.207 participantes, con edades comprendidas entre los 35-74 años, en la base de referencia del Estudio Longitudinal de Salud entre Adultos brasileños (2008-2010) (ELSA-Brasil). Se realizó un análisis de regresión multinomial para probar la asociación entre AUS y el estado glucémico (GAA, TGA y de nuevo la diabetes tipo 2, diagnosticada en la cohorte como base de referencia) tras los ajustes por edad, sexo, color de piel, índice de masa corporal, actividad física, fumar, consumo de alcohol, comorbilidades, uso de medicinas. Se usó el modelo de regresión logística para evaluar la asociación entre AUS y la resistencia a la insulina por el HOMA-IR. Se realizó también un análisis estratificado por sexo. La media de edad (desviación estándar) fue 51,4 (8,9) años, un 55,2% de los participantes eran mujeres. Hubo 1.439 nuevos casos de diabetes diagnosticados. Tras todos los ajustes, una AUS más alta estuvo asociada con GAA, TGA y diabetes, con odds ratio (OR) = 1,15 (IC95%: 1,06; 1,25), 1,23 (IC95%: 1,14; 1,33), y 1,37 (IC95%: 1,24; 1,51), respectivamente. Hubo asociación entre los niveles AUS y la resistencia a la insulina con OR = 1,24 (IC95%: 1,13; 1,36). En el análisis estratificado por sexo, una AUS más alta persistía independientemente asociada con un estado glucémico alterado. Nuestros resultados sugieren que unos niveles más altos de AUS estuvieron significativamente asociados con el estado glucémico en una amplia población latinoamericana, principalmente entre mujeres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Blood Glucose , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Fasting , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202804, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155370

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: to evaluate urinary biochemical alterations related to urolithogenesis processes after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Materials and methods : prospective study with 32 individuals without previous diagnosis of urolithiasis who underwent SG. A 24-h urine test was collected seven days prior to surgery and at 6-month follow-up. The studied variables were urine volume, urinary pH, oxalate, calcium, citrate, and magnesium and calcium oxalate super saturation (CaOx SS). Results: patients were mainly women (81.2%), with mean age of 40.6 years. Mean pre- and postoperative BMI were 47.1 ± 8.3 Kg/m2 and 35.5 ± 6.1 Kg/m2, respectively (p<0.001). Urine volume was significantly lower at the postoperative evaluation in absolute values (2,242.50 ± 798.26 mL x 1,240.94 ± 352.39 mL, p<0.001) and adjusted to body weight (18.58 ± 6.92 mL/kg x 13.92 ± 4.65 mL/kg, p<0.001). CaOx SS increased significantly after SG (0.11 ± 0.10 x 0.24 ± 0.18, p<0.001). Moreover, uric acid levels were significantly lower at the postoperative evaluation (482.34 ± 195.80 mg x 434.75 ± 158.38 mg, p=0.027). Urinary pH, oxalate, calcium, citrate, and magnesium did not present significant variations between the pre- and postoperative periods. Conclusion: SG may lead to important alterations in the urinary profile. However, it occurs in a much milder way than that of RYGB.


RESUMO Introdução: avaliar as alterações bioquímicas urinárias relacionadas aos processos de litíase urinária após gastrectomia vertical (GV). Método: estudo prospectivo, com 32 indivíduos submetidos a GV, sem diagnóstico prévio de urolitíase. Foi coletada urina de 24 horas, sete dias antes da operação e no retorno de 6 meses. As variáveis estudadas foram volume de urina, pH urinário, oxalato, cálcio, citrato e super saturação de oxalato e cálcio (SS CaOx). Resultados: os pacientes foram em sua maioria mulheres (81,2%), com idade média de 40,6 anos. O IMC médio pré e pós-operatório foi 47,1 ± 8,3 Kg/m2 e 35,5 ± 6,1 Kg/m2, respectivamente (p<0,001). O volume de urina foi significativamente baixo na avaliação pós-operatória em valores absolutos (2.242,50 ± 798,26 mL versus 1.240,94 ± 352,39 mL, p<0,001) e ajustado ao peso corporal (18,58 ± 6,92 mL/kg versus 13,92 ± 4,65 mL/kg, p<0,001). A SS CaOx aumentou significativamente após a GV (0,11 ± 0,10 versus 0,24 ± 0,18, p<0,001). Além disso, os níveis de ácido úrico apresentaram-se significativamente baixos na avaliação pós-operatória (482,34 ± 195,80 mg versus 434,75 ± 158,38 mg, p=0,027). PH urinário, oxalato, cálcio, citrato e magnésio não apresentaram variações significativas entre os períodos pré e pós-operatório. Conclusão: a GV pode levar a alterações importantes no perfil urinário. Entretanto, essas ocorrem de forma muito mais leve que na derivação gástrica em Y de Roux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Uric Acid/blood , Urine/chemistry , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Urolithiasis , Gastrectomy , Postoperative Period , Calcium Oxalate/blood , Prospective Studies , Preoperative Period , Magnesium
7.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e528, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156460

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la principal causa de mortalidad y morbilidad a nivel mundial. Reconocidas como problemas de salud de impacto social, han motivado a muchos científicos a tratar de explicar su patogénesis. Actualmente se plantea de la existencia de otros factores de riesgo, independientemente de los clásicos. Entre estos factores se describen el papel de las altas concentraciones de ácido úrico y la actividad de la enzima gamma-glutamiltransferasa en sangre, biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo. Estos elementos que de manera individual pudieran contribuir a las enfermedades cardiovasculares, parecen tener un efecto sinérgico. Objetivo: Revisar las evidencias que sostienen que altas concentraciones de ácido úrico y la actividad de la enzima gamma-glutamiltransferasa en sangre pueden constituir factores de riesgo que desde el estrés oxidativo contribuyan a las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Métodos: Se recopiló la información a partir de las bases de datos de diferentes buscadores (Medline-Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus y SciELO) entre el 1 de marzo del 2019 y el 23 de mayo 2020. Conclusiones: Se encontró que, tanto el ácido úrico como la gamma-glutamiltransferasa son productos horméticos que a bajas concentraciones tienen efecto antioxidante en el organismo, pero al elevarse involucran la ocurrencia de procesos oxidativos que conducen a la disfunción endotelial y las enfermedades cardiovasculares(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Recognized as a health problem of social impact; they have prompted many scientists to try to explain their pathogenesis. New risk factors are currently acknowledged alongside the classic ones. These factors include the role of high uric acid concentrations and the activity of the enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase in blood, both of which are biomarkers of oxidative stress. These elements may individually contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases, and seem to have a synergistic effect. Objective: Review the evidence supporting the idea that high uric acid concentrations and the activity of the enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase in blood may be risk factors contributing to the development of cardiovascular diseases via oxidative stress. Methods: Data were collected from the databases of various search engines (Medline-Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus and SciELO) from 1 March 2019 to 23 May 2020. Conclusions: It was found that uric acid and gamma-glutamyltransferase are hormetic products causing an antioxidant effect on the organism at low concentrations. However, when concentrations rise, they are involved in the occurrence of oxidative processes leading to endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Uric Acid/analysis , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(12): 783-788, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142379

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Uric acid has been shown to be related to the severity of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in adults. We assessed the role of uric acid in OSAS in a cohort of older patients. Methods: A total of 164 patients aged >65 years, admitted to our sleep laboratory between January 1st, 2016 and July 1st, 2018 with a complaint of snoring, underwent overnight polysomnography and were retrospectively evaluated. Results: A total of 126 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria (mean age 69.16±3.68 years, 56% men) were included. The control group was comprised of 14 patients, while the OSAS group consisted of 112 patients (31 mild, 44 moderate and 37 severe cases). No differences were observed in age, sex, hip circumference, waist/hip ratio or comorbidities between the groups. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference were significantly higher in OSAS patients than in controls (p=0.001, p=0.02, and p=0.36, respectively). Uric acid was not correlated with any of the sleep parameters, and no significant differences were detected between the groups. Hyperuricemic patients were similar in terms of sleep parameters and comorbidities in comparison with the other patients. Conclusions: No relationship was observed between uric acid level and OSAS severity, as defined by the apnoea-hypopnea index. Further studies are needed to determine the value of uric acid as a marker of OSAS, after controlling for cardiovascular comorbidities, in older patients with this syndrome.


RESUMO Objetivo: o ácido úrico mostrou estar relacionado à gravidade da síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS) em adultos. Avaliamos o papel do ácido úrico na SAOS em uma coorte de pacientes idosos. Métodos: Um total de 164 pacientes com idade >65 anos, admitidos em nosso laboratório do sono entre 1º de janeiro de 2016 e 1º de julho de 2018 com queixa de ronco, foram submetidos à polissonografia durante a noite e avaliados retrospectivamente. Resultados: Foram incluídos 126 pacientes que preencheram os critérios de inclusão (média de idade 69,16±3,68 anos, 56% homens). O grupo controle foi composto por 14 pacientes, enquanto o grupo SAOS foi composto por 112 pacientes (31 leves, 44 moderados e 37 graves). Não foram observadas diferenças na idade, sexo, circunferência do quadril, relação cintura/quadril ou comorbidades entre os grupos. O escore da Escala de Sonolência de Epworth, o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e a circunferência da cintura foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com SAOS do que nos controles (p=0,001, p=0,02 e p=0,36, respectivamente). O ácido úrico não se correlacionou com nenhum dos parâmetros do sono e não foram detectadas diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Os pacientes hiperuricêmicos não apresentaram diferença em termos de parâmetros de sono ou comorbidades dos demais pacientes. Conclusões: Não foi observada relação entre o nível de ácido úrico e a gravidade da SAOS, definida pelo índice de apneia-hipopneia. Mais estudos são necessários para determinar o valor do ácido úrico como marcador de SAOS, após controle de comorbidades cardiovasculares, em pacientes idosos com SAOS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Uric Acid , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Snoring , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Polysomnography
9.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(5): 394-399, sep.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289248

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hypertension is responsible for a substantial number of deaths due to cardiovascular disease and stroke. A crucial step toward its control is the identification of modifiable predictors of hypertension. Objectives: To estimate the relationship between salt intake, serum uric acid and incident hypertension in a primary care setting. Methods: Retrospective cohort of the CAMELIA study in which a non-randomized sample of 1098 participants who were ≥ 20 year-old was recruited from a primary care program. Originally, the sample consisted of hypertensive, diabetic and non-diabetic/non-hypertensive subjects. For the analysis, 258 participants with blood pressure (BP) lower than 140/90 mm Hg not using antihypertensive drugs and without diabetes mellitus were included. Five years after the first visit, their medical records were reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups according to BP in the first visit: normal BP group (systolic BP ≤ 120 mm Hg and diastolic BP ≤ 80 mm Hg) and high-normal BP group (systolic BP 121-139 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP 81-89 mm Hg). Results: In multivariate analysis, high-normal BP, hyperuricemia and salt intake ≥ 6 g/day predicted incident hypertension. In participants of thenormal BP group, high salt intake conferred the highest risk. In the high-normal BP group, smoking and serum uric acid were found to be the most important ones. Conclusion: In a healthy, multiethnic, and normotensive population from an urban primary care program, high-normal BP, hyperuricemia and high salt intake were found to be predictors of incident hypertension.


Resumen Antecedentes: La hipertensión es responsable de un gran número de muertes debido a cardiopatías e ictus. Un paso esencial para su control es la identificación de factores modificables predictivos de la hipertensión. Objetivos: Calcular la relación entre ingesta de sal, ácido úrico sérico e hipertensión incidental en un centro de atención primaria. Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva del estudio CAMELIA, en el que se incluyó una muestra no aleatorizada de 1.098 participantes con edades ≥ 20 años, obtenida de un programa de atención primaria. Originalmente, la muestra incluía sujetos hipertensos, diabéticos y no diabéticos/no hipertensos. Para el análisis, se estudiaron 258 participantes con presión arterial (PA) inferior a 140/90 mm Hg, sin prescripción de fármacos antihipertensivos, y no diabéticos. Transcurridos cinco años de la primera visita, se revisaron sus historias médicas. Se dividió a los pacientes en dos grupos, con arreglo a su PA en la primera visita: grupo con PA normal (PA sistólica ≤ 120 mm Hg y PA diastólica ≤ 80 mm Hg), y grupo con PA alta-normal BP (PA sistólica 121-139 mm Hg y/o PA diastólica 81-89 mm Hg). Resultados: En el análisis multivariante, la PA alta-normal, hiperuricemia e ingesta de sal ≥ 6 g/día predijeron la hipertensión incidental. En los participantes del grupo de PA normal, la ingesta elevada de sal confirió el mayor riesgo. En el grupo de PA alta-normal, el tabaquismo y el ácido úrico sérico fueron los factores más importantes. Conclusión: En una población sana, multiétnica y normotensa, procedente de un programa de atención primaria urbana la PA alta-normal, hiperuricemia e ingesta elevada de sal constituyeron los factores predictivos de la hipertensión incidental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uric Acid , Stroke , Hyperuricemia , Hypertension , Primary Health Care , Sodium , Incidence , Arterial Pressure
10.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 274-282, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114936

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Overweight children and adolescents are more susceptible to metabolic disorders. However, changes in lifestyle can prevent or delay the appearance of risk factors, highlighting the importance of intervening early in this populationOBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of a six months interdisciplinary intervention program on the indicators of insulin resistance and uric acid levels in overweight and obese studentsMETHODS: This is an interventional study in overweight adolescents, composed of a control group (n=19) and an intervention group (n=20). The group participated in a six-month program with nutritional, psychological and physical exercise intervention, three times a week. The values of waist circumference, glucose, insulin, uric acid assessment and HOMA-IR index, were evaluated before and after the programRESULTS: After 6 months, the intervention group had a significant reduction in waist circumference (p=0.007), HOMA-IR index (p=0.048) and uric acid (p=0.036); the control group did not present differences in the pre and post evaluationCONCLUSION: The intervention program was effective in reducing waist circumference, HOMA-IR and uric acid levels in overweight adolescents


INTRODUÇÃO: Crianças e adolescentes com excesso de peso são mais suscetíveis a apresentarem disfunções metabólicas. No entanto, mudanças no estilo de vida podem prevenir ou retardar o surgimento de fatores de risco, destacando a importância de intervir precocemente nesta populaçãoOBJETIVO: Analisar os efeitos de seis meses de um programa de intervenção interdisciplinar sobre os indicadores de resistência à insulina e os níveis de ácido úrico em escolares com sobrepeso e obesidadeMÉTODO: Estudo de intervenção, realizado com adolescentes com excesso de peso, composto por grupo controle (n=19) e grupo intervenção (n=20), que participou de programa de seis meses com intervenção nutricional, psicológica e de exercícios físicos, três vezes por semana. Foi avaliada a circunferência da cintura (CC), realizada coleta sanguínea para avaliação da glicose, insulina e ácido úrico e calculado o índice HOMA-IR, antes e após o programaRESULTADOS: O grupo intervenção apresentou redução significante da circunferência da cintura (p=0,007), índice HOMA-IR (p=0,048) e ácido úrico (p=0,036), após os seis meses do programa; já o grupo controle não apresentou diferenças na pré e pós avaliaçãoCONCLUSÃO: O programa de intervenção mostrou-se eficiente na redução da circunferência da cintura, HOMA-IR e níveis de ácido úrico em adolescentes com excesso de peso


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Uric Acid , Insulin Resistance , Child , Adolescent , Obesity
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 16-22, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120229

ABSTRACT

O estudo tem por objetivo investigar alterações nas características de agrupamento de variáveis cardiometabólicas relacionados a resistência à insulina em resposta à um programa de intervenção interdisciplinar em adolescentes com excesso de peso. Estudo realizado em adolescentes co m excesso de peso, composto por grupo controle (n=19) e grupo intervenção (n=20), o qual p articipou de programa interdisciplinar de seis meses. Foi avaliado o índice de massa corporal, a circun ferência da cintura, pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica; realizada coleta sanguínea para avaliação da glicose, insulina e ácido úrico e calculado o índice HOMA-IR, antes e após o programa. Foi realizada análise fatorial exploratória por meio de análise de componentes principais, tendo sido consideradas cargas fatoriais associadas os valores ≥ 0,50. No período pré intervenção, três componentes fatoriais explicavam a variabilidade das variáveis em ambos os grupos, sendo a composição dos componentes igual entre estes, em que variáveis antropométricas e de pressão arterial compunham o fator 1; o segundo componente dizia respeito as variáveis relacionadas à resistência à insulina, insulina e HOMA-IR; e o terceiro comp onente era composto da glicemia e ácido úrico. Pós intervenção, dois componentes explicavam em ambos grupos e a composição era distinta, sendo que no grupo intervenção insulina e HOMA-IR passaram a fazer p arte do fator 1; já no grupo controle, a glicemia correlacionou-se negativamente com os indicadores antropométricos e de pressão arterial no componente 1; e glicemia, insulina, HOMA -IR e ácido úrico associaram-se no fator 2. Conclui-se que o programa de intervenção promoveu modificação no agrupamento das variáveis cardiometabólicas de adolescentes obesos, em que as variáveis insulina e HOMA-IR passaram a pertencer ao fator 1. Não foi encontrado nenhum fator central que ex p licasse o agrupamento das variáveis em nenhuma das análises, confirmando assim, a complexa relação en tre as variáveis analisadas...(AU)


The aim of the study was to investigate changes in the characteristics of grouping of cardiometabolic variables related to insulin resistance in response to an interdisciplin ary in tervention program in overweight adolescents. This study was performed in overweight adolescents, composed o f a control group (n = 19) and an intervention group (n = 20), who participated in a six month interdisciplinary program. Body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blo o d p ressure were evaluated; blood collection for glucose, insulin and uric acid assessment and HOMA-IR index, before and after the program. An exploratory factorial analysis was performed through analy sis o f m ain components, and factorial loads associated with values ≥ 0.50 were considered. In the p re -interv en tion period, three factorial components explained the variability of the variables in bo th gro ups, an d t he composition of the components was equal, where anthropometric and blood pressure variables comprised factor 1; the second component related to the variables related to insulin resistance, insulin an d HOMAIR; and the third component was composed of glycemia and uric acid. Post-intervention, two components explained in both groups and the composition was distinct, and in the interventio n gro up , in sulin an d HOMA-IR became part of factor 1; in the control group, glycemia was negatively co rrelated wit h t he anthropometric and blood pressure indicators in component 1; and glycemia, insulin, HOMA-IR and uric acid were associated with factor 2. It was concluded that the intervention program promoted modification in the grouping of the cardiometabolic variables of obese adolescents, in which the insulin and HOMA-IR variables belonged to the factor 1. No central factor was found to explain the grouping of variables in an y of the analyzes, thus confirming the complex relationship between the analyzed variables...(AU)


Subject(s)
Insulin Resistance , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Adolescent , Overweight , Obesity Management , Obesity , Uric Acid , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Obesity, Morbid , Body Mass Index , Control , Waist Circumference , Arterial Pressure , Glucose , Indicators and Reagents , Insulin
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 755-760, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098316

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to describe the effects of monosodium glutamate on the collagen of the parotid gland in an obesity model. 18 newborn male Sprague Dawley rats were used (first control group; second group of MSG1: 4 mg/g of monosodium glutamate weight, 5 doses, and third group of MSG2: 4 mg/g of monosodium glutamate, 5 doses, maintained for 8 and 16 weeks respectively). The content and type of collagen were analyzed, in addition to the levels of cholesterol, glucose, triglycerides and uric acid. Monosodium glutamate produced an increase in the obesity rates of the MSG2 group, in addition to an increase in blood cholesterol, glucose and uric acid levels compared to the control group. Type III collagen in the MSG2 group showed a statistically significant increase. Monosodium glutamate induced obesity, in addition to an increase in type III collagen fibers.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los efectos del glutamato monosódico sobre el colágeno de la glándula parótida en un modelo de obesidad. Se utilizaron 18 ratas Sprague Dawley machos recién nacidas (primer grupo control; segundo grupo MSG1: 4 mg/g de peso de glutamato monosódico, 5 dosis, y tercer grupo MSG2: 4 mg/g de glutamato monosódico, 5 dosis, mantenidas durante 8 y 16 semanas respectivamente). Se analizó el contenido y el tipo de colágeno, además de los niveles de colesterol, glucosa, triglicéridos y ácido úrico. El glutamato monosódico produjo un aumento en las tasas de obesidad del grupo MSG2, además de un aumento en los niveles de colesterol en sangre, glucosa y ácido úrico en comparación con el grupo control. El colágeno tipo III en el grupo MSG2 mostró un aumento estadísticamente significativo. La obesidad inducida por glutamato monosódico, además de un aumento en las fibras de colágeno tipo III.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Parotid Gland , Sodium Glutamate/toxicity , Collagen/drug effects , Obesity/chemically induced , Salivary Glands/drug effects , Triglycerides/blood , Uric Acid/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight/drug effects , Cholesterol/blood , Collagen/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Animals, Newborn
13.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(3): 201-202, May-June 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289213

ABSTRACT

Realizando una de mis cotidianas lecturas llamo mi atención profundamente el papel del ácido úrico como protagonista en una de las enfermedades más comunes y catastróficas en nuestro día a día. El concepto de ácido úrico asociado con el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiacas e hipertensión no es nuevo. En la década de 1870, Frederick Mahomed postuló que el problema de la hipertensión se debía a una toxina circulante que causaba un aumento de la presión arterial y posteriormente dañaba la musculatura del corazón y los riñones. Aunque sugirió varias moléculas propuso el ácido úrico como un importante mediador y publicó los primeros trazos de esfigmografía en los que se mostraba a un paciente con gota en el que había aumentado la presión arterial sistémica. Unos años más tarde, Alexander Haig también vinculó el ácido úrico con la presión arterial elevada y fue más allá al escribir un libro que sugirió una dieta que reduciría el ácido úrico y controlaría así la presión arterial en la población general. Con estos avances, hacia 1913 la evidencia experimental apoyaba un vínculo entre el ácido úrico y la hipertensión demostrando que la inyección de ácido úrico en conejos aumentaba la presión arterial. Sin embargo, a finales del siglo xix y las dos primeras décadas del siglo xx, el ácido úrico ya estaba claramente vinculado con la hipertensión y las enfermedades cardiovasculares.


Subject(s)
Role , Letter , Heart Diseases , Hypertension , Pediatrics , Uric Acid
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 135-138, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100249

ABSTRACT

El daño renal agudo es causa de morbilidad en niños diabéticos en países en vías de desarrollo, especialmente, en pacientes con cetoacidosis diabética. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar factores de riesgo para daño renal agudo en pacientes con cetoacidosis diabética. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron 50 pacientes diabéticos con cetoacidosis; el 54 % desarrollaron daño renal; en ellos, los niveles de glucosa y ácido úrico fueron mayores (541 mg/dl contra 407 mg/dl, p = 0,014, y 8,13 mg/dl contra 5,72 mg/dl, p = 0,015, respectivamente). El ácido úrico mayor de 6,5 mg/dl demostró un odds ratio de 6,910 (p = 0,027) para daño renal. En conclusión, la hiperuricemia fue un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de daño renal agudo en estos pacientes. Son necesarios estudios prospectivos para determinar el papel del ácido úrico en la patogénesis del daño renal agudo en pacientes diabéticos.


Acute kidney injury is a cause of morbidity in children with diabetes in developing countries, especially in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors for acute kidney injury in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. This was a retrospective cohort study. A total of 50 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis were included; 54 % developed kidney injury. These had higher glucose and uric acid levels (541 mg/dL vs. 407 mg/dL, p = 0.014 and 8.13 mg/dL vs. 5.72 mg/dL, p = 0.015, respectively). Uric acid levels above 6.5 mg/dL showed an odds ratio of 6.910 (p= 0.027) for kidney injury. To conclude, hyperuricemia was a risk factor for acute kidney injury in these patients. Prospective studies are required to determine the role of uric acid in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury in patients with diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury , Uric Acid , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hyperuricemia
15.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(1): 13-18, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130574

ABSTRACT

La deteccion de trastornos metabolicos minerales puede explicar diversas anomalias fisiologicas que exigen para su interpretacion la comparacion con valores de referencia validados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue la determinacion de valores de referencia en la poblacion infantil uruguaya, de los analitos sodio, potasio, calcio, magnesio, fosforo y urato relacionados con la creatinina en muestras de la segunda miccion de la manana en 470 escolares (240 ninas y 230 ninos) con edades comprendidas entre 7 y 12 anos. Las medianas obtenidas fueron: Na/Crea: 139 mmol/g, K/Crea: 78 mmol/g, Ca/Crea: 77 mg/g, Mg/Crea: 71 mg/g, P/Crea: 500 mg/g, Ur/Crea: 554 mg/g, Crea: 117 mg/dL. A excepcion de los cocientes Na/Crea y K/Crea se encontro una disminucion de la excrecion de estos analitos con la edad, independientemente del sexo. Los valores obtenidos resultaron ser analogos a los de otras poblaciones con tipo de alimentacion similar.


The detection of mineral metabolic disorders can explain several pathologies which require the comparison with reference values for their interpretation. The aim of this study was to determine the reference values of 470 Uruguayan school children with ages between 7 and 12 for sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosporous and urate and their relationship with creatinine in urine samples of the second urination of the morning. The median obtained were: Na/Crea: 139 mmol/g, K/Crea: 78 mmol/g, Ca/Crea: 77 mg/g, Mg/Crea: 71 mg/g, P/Crea: 500 mg/g, Ur/Crea: 554 mg/g, Crea: 117 mg/dL. A diminishment of excretion with the age was found, regardless the sex, except for Na/Crea and K/Crea. The values obtained were similar to those of others populations with a similar diet.


A detecção de distúrbios metabólicos minerais pode explicar várias anomalias fisiológicas, que exigem a comparação com valores de referência validados para serem interpretados. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar valores de referência na população infantil uruguaia, dos analitos sódio, potássio, cálcio, magnésio, fósforo e urato relacionados com a creatinina em amostras da segunda micção da manhã em 470 alunos (240 meninas e 230 meninos) com idades entre 7 e 12 anos. As medianas obtidas foram: Na/Crea: 139 mmol/g, K/Crea: 78 mmol/g, Ca/Crea: 77 mg/g, Mg/Crea: 71 mg/g, P/Crea: 500 mg/g, Ur/Crea: 554 mg/g, Crea: 117 mg/dL. Com exceção dos quocientes Na/Crea e K/Crea, foi encontrada uma diminuição na excreção destes analitos com a idade independentemente do sexo. Os valores obtidos foram análogos aos de outras populações com um tipo similar de dieta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Reference Values , Urine/chemistry , Phosphorus , Potassium , Sodium , Students , Uric Acid , Calcium , Determination , Creatinine , Diet , Magnesium , Minerals
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 70-80, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056356

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the compositions of upper urinary tract stones and investigate their distributions in different gender and age groups. Materials and Methods: Patients diagnosed with upper urinary tract stone disease between December 2014 and March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient's age, gender, BMI, comorbidities, stone event characteristics, and compositions were collected, and proportions of stone components in different gender and age groups were analyzed. Results: A total of 1532 stone analyses were performed (992 from males and 540 from females). The mean age was younger in males (p <0.001). Males included more cases with larger BMI, hyperuricemia, and obesity, while females had more urinary tract infections. Multiple components were present in 61.8% of stones. Calcium oxalate (CaOx) (67.0%) was the most common component, followed by uric acid (UA) (11.8%), infection stone (11.4%), calcium phosphate (CaP) (8.0%), cystine (1.1%), brushite (0.4%), and 2, 8-dihydroxyadenine (0.2%). Men contributed with more CaOx stones than women at age 30-49 years (all p <0.01) and more UA stones at 30-59 years (all p <0.05). Women contributed with more infection stones than men in age groups 30-49 and 60-69 years (all p <0.05), and more CaP stones at 30-49 years. The prevalence peak was 50-59 years in men and 60-69 years in women. Both genders had the lowest prevalence in adolescence. Prevalence of UA stones increased while that of infection stones decreased with aging in both genders. Conclusions: Age and sex had a strong association with distribution of stone compositions in this Chinese cohort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Urinary Calculi/epidemiology , Urinary Calculi/chemistry , Risk Factors , Uric Acid/analysis , Calcium Oxalate/analysis , Calcium Phosphates/analysis , Adenine/analysis , Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Urinary Calculi/etiology , Logistic Models , China/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Middle Aged
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of serum and urine uric acid with severity or activity in knee osteoarthritis (OA).METHODS: A total of 42 patients with knee OA was enrolled, together with 58 healthy controls. Serum uric acid and spot urine uric acid levels were assessed for all patients. The severity and activity of knee OA were assessed by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) and plain radiography of the knee joint. Ultrasonographic abnormalities in knee OA includedsynovial hypertrophy, suprapatellar effusion, cartilage degradation, and osteophyte formation. Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade was used to evaluate radiological progression of knee OA.RESULTS: Patients with K-L grade III had a higher urine uric acid/creatinine ratio compared to those with K-L grade I (p=0.043). Patients with synovial hypertrophy had higher serum uric acid level compared to those without synovial hypertrophy (p=0.016). The urine uric acid/creatinine ratio was higher in patients with cartilage degradation compared to those without cartilage degradation (p=0.022). Serum uric acid was significantly associated with synovial hypertrophy thickness (r=0.375, p=0.018) but not with cartilage thickness after adjusting for age and body mass index. Lower urine uric acid was related with knee OA compared to healthy controls (odds ratio=0.974, 95% confidence interval 0.954~0.994, p=0.013).CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that serum and urine uric acid reflects synovial inflammation based on MSUS and radiographic progression and then is associated with the pathogenesis of knee OA.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Cartilage , Humans , Hypertrophy , Inflammation , Knee Joint , Knee , Osteoarthritis , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Osteophyte , Radiography , Ultrasonography , Uric Acid
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878812

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the specific mechanism of Fangji Huangqi Decoction(FHT) in decreasing uric acid and improving renal function in mice with hyperuricemia(HUA) induced by potassium oxonate, so as to provide theoretical basis for the research and development of drugs for clinical prevention and treatment of HUA and the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. Sixty Kunming male mice were randomly divided into 6 groups, with 10 mice in each group, namely normal group, model group(250 mg·kg~(-1) potassium oxonate), FHT high, medium and low-dose groups(10 920, 5 460, and 2 730 mg·kg~(-1)) and positive drug allopurinol group(5 mg·kg~(-1)). Drug administration was given once a day for 7 days. On the 6 th day, mice of each group were kept in metabolic cages, and their urine was collected for 24 hours for determination of uric acid, creatinine, and β2-microglobulin(β2-MG) levels. After 7 days, the animals were sacrificed to determine serum uric acid, creatinine β2-MG and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) levels, and their liver and kidney tissues were collected. The liver tissues were used for subsequent determination of xanthine oxidase(XOD) activity, and the kidney tissues were used for subsequent determination of IL-1β levels, pathological tests and related Western blot experiments. In the cell transfection experiment, the cells were divided into blank group, model group(4.8 mmol·L~(-1) uric acid treatment), FHT administration group(4.8 mmol·L~(-1) uric acid+200 μg·mL~(-1) FHT), leucine-rich repeat kinase 1(LRRK1)-small interfering RNA(siRNA) group(4.8 mmol·L~(-1) uric acid+LRRK1-siRNA transfection) and LRRK1-siRNA+FHT group(4.8 mmol·L~(-1) uric acid+LRRK1-siRNA transfection+200 μg·mL~(-1) FHT). After 24 h incubation, the level of IL-1β in the cell supernatant was detected, and the cellular proteins were extracted and used to determine LRRK1, epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), PDZ kinase 1(PDZK1) and nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) protein expression levels. The results showed that, FHT could significantly reduce the uric acid, creatinine and β2-MG levels in serum and β2-MG levels in urine, increase the uric acid and creatinine levels in urine, and improve the renal pathological results of the HUA mice, but showed no effect on liver XOD activity; at the same time, we found that the expression level of IL-1β in serum and kidney, NF-κB, LRRK1 and EGFR protein levels in kidney of HUA mice were significantly increased, and the expression level of PDZK1 protein was significantly decreased, while FHT could significantly improve the abnormal expression of these proteins, and FHT increased protein expression of renal organic anion transporter 1(OAT1), OAT3 and ATP bin-ding transporter G2(ABCG2) in HUA mice, but FHT had no effect on the expression of urate transporter 1(URAT1). In the cell transfection experiment, after transfection of LRRK1-siRNA, the levels of IL-1β, EGFR and NF-κB in supernatant were significantly reduced, and the expression of PDZK1 protein was significantly increased. As compared with the LRRK1-siRNA group, the levels of IL-1β, EGFR, PDZK1 and NF-κB did not change significantly with the additional FHT. This study showed that FHT may regulate the renal uric acid transport system through LRRK1 gene, improve the capacity of uric acid excretion, so as to reduce the level of serum uric acid. At the same time, FHT can not only protect the kidney directly, but also in an indirect manner by reducing the level of uric acid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Kidney , Male , Mice , Uric Acid
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810962

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although the association of hyperuricemia with an increased risk of mortality has been demonstrated in the context of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the long-term outcomes of hyperuricemia have not been studied in the case of stable COPD.METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline data of 240 men with stable COPD enrolled in the Korea Obstructive Lung Disease cohort. We evaluated associations between serum uric acid levels and clinical parameters, risk factors for all-cause mortality, and acute exacerbation of COPD.RESULTS: The mean age of subjects was 66.4 ± 7.7 years, and the median follow-up time was 5.9 years. We identified no significant difference in terms of lung function or laboratory findings between patients with hyperuricemia and those without. Serum uric acid level was negatively associated with systemic inflammation indicated by neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (r = −0.211, P = 0.001). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed hyperuricemia to not be associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in men with stable COPD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.580; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.250–1.370; P = 0.213). In the multivariate Cox regression model, hyperuricemia was not an independent predictor of acute exacerbation (HR, 1.383; 95% CI, 0.977–1.959; P = 0.068).CONCLUSION: Among men with stable COPD, hyperuricemia is not an independent predictor of all-cause mortality or future acute exacerbation of COPD. These results differ from those of previous studies on patients with acute exacerbation of COPD.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperuricemia , Inflammation , Korea , Lung , Lung Diseases, Obstructive , Male , Mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uric Acid
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