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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 365-366, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364944

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A challenging situation in proximal hypospadias is the presentation of patients with successful urethroplasty but with persistent or recurrent ventral curvature (VC) after multiple hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods: We present a 13 year-old boy with 7 previous surgeries (long TIP, Duplay, meatoplasty) to treat hypospadias presenting with 60 degrees of VC, in spite of a well-accepted coronally neomeatus. We degloved the penis and artificial erection clearly appointed corporal disproportion causing curvature. We disconnected urethra from corpora. After excision of remnant fibrotic tissue, there was a residual curvature so a lenghtening corporoplasty with dermal graft from groin was performed. We have adjusted the urethral meatus position into a proximal penile shaft. We used a buccal mucosa graft placed in an inverted U-shape position planning a second stage urethroplasty (1). An indwelling silicone Foley tube was left for one week. The patient was discharged the day after surgery. Results: The aspect after corporoplasty proved satisfactory curvature correction. Patient had an excellent outcome and is scheduled for a second-stage after 6 months. Discussion: Snodgrass and Bush (2) reported that on 73 patients with an average of 2.7 operations for proximal shaft to perineal hypospadias; of which, 83% had VC at re-operation averaging 50°. We do believe that some good results with minimal dorsal plicature may recur in adolescence and therefore when these procedures may be considered, they should be performed by classic Nesbit technique (3). Otherwise, the choice for primary ventral lengthening should be taken. Conclusion: Severe curvature associated with hypospadias should undergo a major procedure at early stage to avoid decompensation after dorsal plicature in adolescence. We had a very satisfactory result, the patient awaits the second stage procedure (Figure-1). Figure 1 End aspect after complete healing of buccal mucosa. Notice that penis is straight and second stage will be performed after 6 months of interval.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Adolescent , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hypospadias/surgery , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Urethra/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 311-316, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928538

ABSTRACT

Repairing glans dehiscence after failed hypospadias repair is challenging for pediatric surgeons. Here, we introduced and evaluated a newly modified Mathieu technique, Mathieu combined tunnel (MCT), which involves multiple custom-designed flaps for the shortage of flap source material after repeated operations; we also constructed a tunnel to avoid the glans incision that may carry new risks of dehiscence. This retrospective study included 26 patients who were consecutively admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (Guangzhou, China) for glans dehiscence repair after failed hypospadias repair from October 2014 to October 2020; sixteen patients underwent surgery using the MCT (MCT group) and ten patients underwent surgery using the tubularized incised plate (TIP) technique (TIP group). The operative time, blood loss, postoperative complications, normal urethral meatus rate, success rate, and Hypospadias Objective Penile Evaluation (HOPE) score were compared between the two groups. The MCT group achieved an overall satisfactory penile appearance and voiding function, with a higher rate of normal urethral meatus (15/16, 93.8%) and a lower rate of glans dehiscence (1/16, 6.2%), compared with the TIP group (70.0% and 30.0%, respectively). However, these differences were not statistically significant, possibly because of the limited number of patients (all P > 0.05). Mean postoperative HOPE scores were similar in the MCT group (mean ± standard deviation: 8.83 ± 0. 89) and TIP group (8.94 ± 0.57) (P > 0.05). No significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of blood loss and success rate, nor in the rates of various complications (e.g., fistula, urethral stricture, and glans dehiscence). In conclusion, the MCT technique appears to be feasible and reliable for repairing glans dehiscence after failed hypospadias repair.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Hypospadias/surgery , Infant , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urethra/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 1032-1036, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study is describing a technique with the use of a tunica vaginalis flap (TVF) to cover the suture line during anterior urethroplasty in patients with kippered urethra due to chronic indwelling catheterization (CIC). We studied 5 patients (mean age=50.2) with a neurogenic bladder that developed urethral erosion after a long period of CIC. Foley catheter was removed on the 14th postoperative day. One patient developed wound infection and utethrocutaneous fistula, which was conservatively managed and after 12 months of follow-up all the patients didn't report difficulties in intermittent self-catheterization. In conclusion, a urethroplasty with TVF technique may be a viable method for repairing penile urethral erosions, but further studies are required with a bigger sample to confirm our results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fistula , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Surgical Flaps , Urethra/surgery
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 856-860, Jul.-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286774

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The management of complex urethral stenosis may involve different surgical techniques. As retraction of the graft may account for surgical failure, this risk increases in patients with more extensive stenosis requiring a graft of greater diameter. Although double grafts have already been used to maximize success in these cases, we propose a modified technique for urethroplasty with longitudinal urethral incision. The hypothesis was that this technique would increase the lumen by using only a urethral incision on the dorsal surface. Two patients presenting with recurrent urethral stenosis underwent urethroplasty using a double graft of oral mucosa that preserves the integrity of the spongy tissue and allows ventral inlay graft fixation using a midline relaxing incision in the portion of the urethra with stenosis. In both cases, the urethrocystoscopy and uroflowmetry performed after surgery showed a pervious and complacent urethra. After four and six months of follow-up, the postoperative outcomes were satisfactory for both patients. Further studies involving larger numbers of patients and long-term follow-up are required to evaluate the effectiveness of this method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa/surgery
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 829-840, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286765

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The diagnosis and treatment of female urethral stricture disease (FUSD) are practiced variably due to the scarcity of data on evaluation, variable definitions, and lack of long-term surgical outcomes. FUSD is difficult to rule out solely on the basis of a successful calibration with 14F catheter. In this study, we have tried to characterize the variable clinical presentation of FUSD, the diagnostic utility of calibration, videourodynamic study(VUDS), and urethroscopy in planning surgical management. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of records of 16 patients who underwent surgical management of FUSD was analyzed. The clinical history, examination findings, and the results of all the investigations (including uroflowmetry, VUDS findings, urethroscopy) they underwent, the procedures they had undergone, and the follow-up data were studied. Results: A total of 16 patients underwent surgical management of FUSD. 13 out of 16 patients had successful calibration with 14F catheter on the initial presentation. These 13 patients on VUDS demonstrated significant BOO and had variable stigmata of stricture on urethroscopy. The mean IPSS, flow rate, and PVR at presentation and after urethroplasty were 23.88±4.95, 7.72±4.25mL/s, 117.06±74.46mL and 3.50±3.44, 22.34±4.80mL/s, and 12.50±8.50mL, respectively. (p <0.05). The mean flow rate after endo dilation(17F) (n=12) was 11.4±2.5mL/s while after urethroplasty improved to 20.30±4.19mL/s and was statistically significant(p <0.05). Conclusions: An adept correlation between clinical assessment, urethroscopy findings, and VUDS is key in objectively identifying FUSD and planning surgical management. A good caliber of the urethra is not sufficient enough to rule out a significant obstruction due to FUSD. Early urethroplasty provides significantly better outcomes in patients who have failed dilation as a treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Calibration , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 237-250, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective is to summarize and characterize the long-term success of anterior augmentation urethroplasty in published series. The current literature on AU consists largely of retrospective series reporting intermediate follow-up and incompletely characterize the long term outcomes of AU. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was performed consistent with PRISMA guidelines to characterize long-term outcomes of AU with a minimum upper limit follow-up of 100 months. Penile/preputial skin flaps and graft and oral mucosal graft urethroplasties were included. The primary outcome was stricture-free survival for one-stage AU. Secondary analysis evaluated differences in outcomes based on two failure definitions: the need for intervention versus presence of recurrent stricture on cystoscopy or urethrography. Hazard rates were induced from the reported failure rates of one-stage AU and fixed and random effect models were fitted to the data. Additional subset analysis, removing potential confounders (lichen sclerosus, hypospadias and penile skin graft), was performed. Results: Ten studies met inclusion criteria, and two studies reported separate outcomes for grafts and flaps, and thus were included separately in the analysis. The mean hazard rate across all studies was 0.0044, the corresponding survival rates at 1 year 0.948, 5 years 0.766, 10 years 0.587, and 15 years 0.45. Subset analysis of the 4 select and homogeneous studies noted 1, 5, 10, and 15 years survival rates of 0.97, 0.96, 0.74, and 0.63, respectively. Conclusions: The long-term success rates of augmentation urethroplasty are appear to be worse than previously appreciated and patients should be counseled accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(1): 33-38, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287784

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Hypospadias is the most common malformation of the male genitalia. Surgical correction has traditionally focused on anatomic and functional outcomes, with less attention being paid to cosmetic results. Our purpose is to compare the cosmetic results of hypospadias repair among different groups of observers, namely the patient's family and the health care team, using photography and a simple rating scale. METHODS: Prospective observational study included 9 boys undergoing Snodgrass hypospadias repair. Photographs of the penis taken before, immediately after, and six months after surgery were assessed by a panel of 15 observers (parents and health care team) and a scale including three questions with diagrams for comparison with the pictures was used. Observers also assigned an overall postoperative score for the cosmetic result. RESULTS: Interobserver agreement was noted for the group of parents of other children with hypospadias regarding the shape of the glans (k=0.404; p=0.008) and for the group of pediatric surgeons regarding the degree of residual curvature (k=0.467; p=0.005). Two observers in the pediatrician group have indicated good performance in the assessment of residual curvature (k=0.609; P=0.024). In the overall assessment of cosmetic outcomes, the highest scores were assigned by observers in the parents group and in the pediatrician group, while the pediatric surgeons group has one of the lowest scores (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Photography appears to be suitable for documenting corrections of hypospadias regarding penile curvature, and postoperative cosmetic result. Surgeons seem more concerned about cosmesis than parents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hypospadias/surgery , Parents , Patient Care Team , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942256

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical outcomes of partial pubectomy assisted anastomotic urethroplasty for male patients with pelvic fracture urethral distraction defect (PFUDD) and discuss the skills of partial pubectomy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 63 male patients with PFUDD were retrospective reviewed. The procedure of the anastomotic urethroplasty was as follows: (1) circumferentially mobilizing the bulbar urethra; (2) separating the corporal bodies; (3) performing the urethral anastomosis after partial pubectomy and exposure of the healthy two ends of the urethra.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was (39.2±15.6) years (range: 15-72 years). The median time between incidents and operation was 15 months (range: 3-240 months) and the mean length of stricture was (3.85±0.91) cm (range: 1.5-5.5 cm). All the patients had undergone suprapubic cystostomy in acute setting. Thirteen patients (20.6%) were re-do cases and the patients who had undergone dilation, direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU), and open primary realignment were 22 (34.9%), 8 (12.7%), and 8 (12.7%), respectively. Assisted with partial pubectomy, the anastomotic urethroplasty had been successfully performed in all the patients. The mean time of operation was (160.2±28.1) min (110-210 min), and the mean evaluated blood loss was (261.1±130.3) mL (100-800 mL). There were 3 cases (4.8%) with perioperative blood transfusions. The postoperative complications were bleeding and urinary tract infection, which were controlled conservatively. The mean maximum urine flow rate was (23.7±7.4) mL/s (15.0-48.2 mL/s) after removing the catheters 4 weeks after urethroplasty. The median follow-up was 23 months (12-37 months). The urethroscopy showed 2 cases of stricture recurrences and 1 case of iatrogenic penile urethral stricture due the symptoms of urinary tract infection and decreased urine flow and all of them were successfully managed with dilation.@*CONCLUSION@#Partial pubectomy can effectively reduce the gap between the ends of the urethra and promote tension-free anastomosis during the anastomotic urethroplsty for patients with PFUDD. The skills of the procedure include good exposure of the anterior surface of pubic symphysis between the separated corporal bodies, carefully mobilizing and securing the deep dorsal vein of the penis, removing the partial pubic bone and the harden scar beneath the pubic bone for good exposure of the proximal urethral end.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvic Bones/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Young Adult
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1072-1074, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction We present an alternative procedure for distal hypospadias consisting of urethral mobilization and partial glandar disassembly, namely GUD (glandar urethral disassembly) technique. Materials and Methods A subcoronal circumcision exposes distal dysplastic urethra. We incise the Buck´s fascia on both sides of urethra releasing it partially from the corpora. We keep a thin bridge of urethral plate to the glans and disassembly almost completely the glans from the corpora, except for the bridge. The glans is incised creating two wide wings that are extremely mobile. The urethra is mobilized, advanced and sutured to the tip of the glans. The glans wings embrace the distal urethra producing a conical glans. Discussion The concept of urethral mobilization has been reported and popularized by Koff in the literature to correct distal hypospadias. One of the limitations of this procedure is the risk of urethral retraction due to extensive proximal dissection. We got inspiration from Mitchell and Bagli' s work of penile disassembly in epispadias to develop the GUD concept. We adopt minimal urethral mobilization mainly in glandar/proximal penile shaft and complete deconstruction of the glans, detaching the corpora from the glans and rotating the wide glans wings to embrace the urethra. Therefore we avoid suture urethroplasty and refurbish the glans to a better conical shape. Conclusion We are convinced that this operation can be regarded as a genuine alternative to distal hypospadias (coronal and subcoronal) but should not be addressed to midshaft forms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Hypospadias/surgery , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1029-1041, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134266

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction To assess the feasibility of vacuum physiotherapy meant to decrease graft contraction and recurrent penile curvature (PC), hence successful tubularization and a straight penis in patients underwent two-stage buccal mucosa graft (BMG) urethroplasty, in proximal hypospadias repair. Material and methods Between January 2014 and July 2018, 59 two-stage BMG urethroplasties performed at our referral center, were included in the study. The parents were counseled to use the vacuum device between the two stages. An internal, self-administered, semiquantitative, non-validated questionnaire was designed to record parent and patient adherence to the vacuum physiotherapy and parent satisfaction. Success rate of graft tubularization, curvature correction rates, and status of early (4 months) postoperative urinary stream were evaluated. Results Of 45/59 (76.3%) who returned the questionnaire, 77.8% followed the recommended physiotherapy protocol using the vacuum device. 93.3% of parents replied that the use of the vacuum was easy or moderately easy. None of the parents interrupted the physiotherapy because of perceived difficulty or intolerability. 100% of parents would have repeated the physiotherapy, if they had to. Overall, success rate of tubularization was 98.3% (58/59), complete curvature correction was achieved in 88.2% (52/59) of patients, and 79.7% (47/59) of patients showed a straight and powerful early post-operative urinary stream. Conclusions Physiotherapy with the vacuum device is safe, easy and practically feasible. Our vacuum physiotherapy protocol had high compliance rate. Vacuum physiotherapy should be considered for further assessment in patients undergoing two stage hypospadias repair using buccal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Vacuum , Physical Therapy Modalities , Mouth Mucosa
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 962-970, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134260

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To examine the impact of obesity on perioperative outcomes and urethral stricture recurrence after anterior urethroplasty. Material and Methods We reviewed our prospectively maintained single-surgeon database to identify men with anterior urethral strictures who had undergone anastomotic or augmentation urethroplasty between October 2012 and March 2018. In all, 210 patients were included for primary analysis of perioperative outcomes, while 193 patients with at least 12 months follow-up were included for secondary analysis of stricture recurrence. Patients grouped by BMI were compared using univariate and multivariate analyses for perioperative outcomes and log rank testing for recurrence-free survival. Results Overall, 41% (n=86) of patients were obese and 58.6% (n=123) had bulbar urethral strictures. Obese patients had significantly longer urethral strictures (mean=6.7cm±4.7) than nonobese patients (p <0.001). Though urethroplasty in obese patients was associated with increased estimated blood loss (EBL) relative to normal BMI patients on both univariate (p=0.003) and multivariate (p <0.001) analyses, there was no difference in operative time, length of stay, or complication rate between BMI groups. At a mean follow-up interval of 36.7 months, 15% (n=29) of patients had stricture recurrence, yet recurrence-free survival was not significantly different between groups (log rank p=0.299). Dorsal augmentation urethroplasty resulted in significantly fewer recurrences in obese patients compared to nonobese patients (p=0.036). Conclusion Despite the association with increased urethral stricture length and EBL, obesity is not predictive of adverse perioperative outcomes or stricture recurrence. Obese patients should be offered urethral reconstruction, but patient selection and preoperative counseling remain imperative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Recurrence , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Obesity/complications
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(5): 772-777, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Transverse preputial island flap urethroplasty (TPIFU) is one of the most frequently performed technique for single-stage repair in proximal hypospadias. It was reported that the subepithelial urethroplasty would obviously decrease urethrocutaneous fistula (UF) complication after proximal TIP. But in the process of TPIFU, it had not been reported yet. Objective: We reviewed our experience to evaluate and compare the effect of continuous eversion suture (CES) versus continuous inversion subepithelial suture (CIS) on complication rates in the TPIFU. Material and methods: A retrospective review of all patients operated with CES and CIS in our institution between January 2017 and Jun 2017 was performed. Results: A total of 161 patients were enrolled in the research. Patients were followed up for 12~17 months. Total success rate was 73.9% (119/161). No statistically difference was found between the two groups with regard to age of patients (P=0.097), catheter size (P=0.52), time of catheterization (P=0.47), length of neourethra (P=0.20), non-urethral comorbidity (P=0.44) and post-operative infection (P=1.0). The overall postoperative complications had no statistically difference between the two groups (P=0.067). There were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of urethra-cutaneous fistula (UF) (OR=0.07, 95% CI: -0.24~0.037, P=0.22), urethral diverticulum (UD) (OR=0.026, 95% CI: -0.16~-0.056, P=0.323), urethral stricture (US) (OR=0.081, 95% CI: -0.15~0.15, P=1.0) and breakdown of urethral repair (BU) (OR=0.02, 95% CI: -0.118~-0.044, P=1.0). Discussion: The comparison of two group's postoperative complications was feasible because there were no statistically differences among perioperative variables. It seemed as if continuous inversion subepithelial suture would promote healing. However, it indicated that the overall success rate and the incidences of UF, UD, US and BU complications had no statistically difference between groups. It might be accounted for the subtle differences of techniques changing the process of establishing prime and side branches vascularization. Conclusions: The CIS technique had no significantly different effect on the four complications rates when compared with CES in TPIFU. Thus, CES and CIS could be randomly adopted in TPIFU as personal preference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Hypospadias/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/adverse effects , Surgical Flaps , Sutures , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 436-443, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090601

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Spongioplasty (mobilization and midline approximation of the two branches of the bifid dysplastic distal corpus spongiosum) can form a covering layer for the neourethra to prevent urethrocutaneous fistula in hypospadias repair surgery. However, it remains unclear whether spongioplasty affects neourethral function. The objective of this study was to compare neourethral function after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty. Materials and Methods: Fourteen congenital hypospadiac New Zealand male rabbits were randomly allocated into two groups, seven animals underwent Duplay hypospadias repair and spongioplasty (experimental group), while seven underwent Duplay surgery alone (control group). Functional differences between groups were assessed by comparing neourethral compliance and flow rate. Two months after surgery, in vivo neourethral compliance was assessed by measuring intraluminal pressure with a digital pressure meter of an isolated neourethral segment, following progressive distension with 1, 2, and 3mL of air. Penises were harvested for uroflowmetry test using a simple device. Results: Postoperatively, fistula developed in one and zero rabbits in the control and experimental groups, respectively. Mean pressures tended to be higher in the experimental group than in the control group (82.14 vs. 69.57, 188.43 vs. 143.26, and 244.71 vs. 186.29mmHg for 1, 2, and 3mL of air, respectively), but the difference was not statistically significant. Mean flow rates also did not significantly differ between the experimental and control groups (2.93mL/s vs. 3.31mL/s). Conclusion: In this congenital rabbit model, no obvious functional differences were found between reconstructed urethras after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Infant , Hypospadias , Penis , Rabbits , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Surgical Flaps , Urethra , Random Allocation
14.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1096917

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o presente artigo objetiva descrever as perspectivas do paciente submetido à penectomia e conhecer as perspectivas deste paciente após a penectomia. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo de caso realizado em um hospital federal na cidade do Rio de Janeiro com dois pacientes que estiveram internados no ano de 2017 e foram submetidos a penectomia. A coleta de dados foi realizada no ano de 2018 através de uma entrevista semiestruturada. Os participantes foram amparados pelos princípios éticos estabelecidos pela resolução 466/ 2012 do Conselho Nacional de Saúde, sendo que este estudo foi aprovado sob o número 2.769.381. Resultados: constatou-se que a penectomia nestes estudos de caso era a única terapêutica. Com isso, o desejo de estar com a família e prolongar a vida foram determinantes na adesão ao tratamento. Conclusão: concluiu-se que mesmo com as mudanças no corpo, a penectomia foi realizada na perspectiva de prolongar a vida


Objective: this article aims to describe the perspectives of patient submitted submitted to penectomy and to know the perspectives of this patient after the penectomy. Methods: its a case study realized in a federal hospital of Rio de Janeiro city with two patients who were admitted to the hospital during 2017 and underwent to penectomy surgery. The data collection was realized during 2018 with a semi-structured interview. The participants were protected by the ethics principles established by the resolution 466/ 2012 of the National Health Council and this study was approved under the number 2.769.381. Results: it was found that penectomy in this case studies was the only therapy. Thereby, the desire of being among their family and to extend their life was determinants to adhere the therapy. Conclusion: it was concluded that even with the changes in their body, the penectomy was realized to extend the life


Objetivo: el presente artículo objetiva describir las perspectivas del paciente sometido a la penectomía y conocer las perspectivas de este paciente después de la penectomía. Métodos: se trata de un estudio de caso realizado en un hospital federal en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro con dos pacientes que estuvieron internados en el año 2017 y fueron sometidos a penectomía. La recolección de datos se realizó en el año 2018 através de una entrevista semiestructurada. Los participantes fueron amparados por los principios éticos establecidos por la resolución 466/2012 del Consejo Nacional de Salud, siendo que este estudio fue aprobado bajo el número 2.769.381. Resultados: se constató que la penectomía en estos estudios de caso era la única terapéutica. Con ello, el deseo de estar con la familia y prolongar la vida fueron determinantes en la adhesión al tratamiento. Conclusión: se concluyó que incluso con los cambios en el cuerpo, la penectomía se realizó en la perspectiva de prolongar la vida


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Penile Neoplasms/complications , Self Concept , Oncology Nursing , Penile Neoplasms/nursing , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/psychology , Men's Health
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 917-921, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880292

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the validity of psychological care combined with enhanced recovery after surgery (PC+ERAS) management in perioperative nursing care of andrological patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 300 male patients undergoing andrological surgery were included in this study, 150 given PC+ERAS and the other 150 receiving routine nursing care as controls. We evaluated anxiety and depression of all the patients on admission and discharge using Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and compared post-operative hospital days, off-bed time, first passage of flatus, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score and satisfaction with nursing care between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#On discharge, significant improvement was observed in SAS and SDS scores in the PC+ERAS group compared with the baseline, even more significant than in the control group (P 0.05). The patients in the PC+ERAS group also achieved a significantly shorter post-operative hospital stay, earlier post-operative off-bed time and passage of flatus, lower VAS score, and higher satisfaction with nursing care than those in the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Psychological care combined with ERAS management deserves wide application in the perioperative nursing care of andrological patients, which can significantly improve the patients' anxiety and depression, shorten post-operative hospital stay, reduce VAS score, and increase their satisfaction with nursing care.


Subject(s)
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Perioperative Nursing , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/psychology
16.
Kisangani méd. (En ligne) ; 10(1): 384-2020.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1264639

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Les pathologies urologiques regroupent un ensemble des pathologies multiples et variées.Ces pathologies comme toutes celles chirurgicales constituent l'une des causes de mortalité en chirurgie curative surtout dans les pays en voie de développement. Le but de notre étude était donc de ressortir le profil des patientes avec pathologies chirurgicales urologiques rencontrées aux Cliniques Universitaires de Kisangani. Méthodologie.Etude transversale, descriptiveportant sur tous les cas despathologies urologiques chirurgicalesdiagnostiquées et traitéesaux cliniques universitaires de Kisangani durantla période du1er janvier 2013 au31 décembre 2017.Résultats.Les affections urologiques chirurgicales représentaient 9,7% des cas, concernant essentiellement les hypertrophies prostatiques avec 57,3% des cas. La plupart des patients avec affection urologique chirurgicale étaient de sexe masculin (98,7%), âgés de 61 ans et plus (58,7%) avec une moyenne d'âge de 55,7 ans et des extrêmes allant de 2 à 81ans, mariés (74,6%) et agents de l'état (46,7 %).Conclusion.Les pathologies urologiques chirurgicales dominées par les hypertrophies de la prostate sont fréquentes aux Cliniques universitaires de Kisangani


Subject(s)
Democratic Republic of the Congo , Pathology , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/statistics & numerical data
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(4): 511-518, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134202

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The surgical treatment of bulbar urethral strictures is still one of the most challenging reconstructive-surgery problems. Bulbar urethral strictures are usually categorized as traumatic and non-traumatic strictures depending on the aetiology. The traumatic strictures are caused by trauma and they determine disruption of the urethra with obliteration of the urethral lumen, ending with fibrotic gaps between the urethral ends. Differently, the non-traumatic urethral strictures are mainly caused by catheterization, instrumentation, and infection, or they can also be idiopathic. They are usually associated with spongiofibrosis of the segment of the urethra that has been involved. Worldwide, two different surgical approaches are currently adopted for bulbar urethral repair: transecting techniques with end-to-end anastomosis and non-transecting techniques followed by grafting. Traumatic obliterated strictures require transection of the urethra allowing complete removal of the fibrotic tissue that involves the urethral ends. Conversely, non-traumatic, non-obliterated urethral strictures require augmentation of the urethral plate using oral mucosa grafts. Nowadays, it is still difficult to choose the correct surgical management for non-obliterated bulbar stricture repair. Indeed, different surgical techniques have been proposed (pedicled flap vs free graft, dorsal vs ventral placement of the graft, non-transecting technique using or non-using free graft, etc.) but none emerged as the best solution since all techniques have showed similar success and complication rates. Consequently, the final choice is still based on surgeon's preferences and patient's characteristics. Within the current manuscript, we like to present some of our tips and tricks that we developed along our prolonged surgical experience on the treatment of bulbar urethral strictures. These might be of interest for surgeons that approach this complex surgery. Moreover, our suggestions want to be useful regardless the type of chosen technique being adaptable for different scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urethral Stricture/etiology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa
18.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 52(3)jul.-set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025786

ABSTRACT

A mucosa vesical, na presença de agentes agressores, sofre alterações inicialmente benignas, mas com a cronicidade pode sofrer modificações potencialmente metaplásicas. A cistite glandular apresenta um quadro sintomático inespecífico, sendo necessária a realização de biópsia para seu diagnóstico e diferenciação histológica, podendo dividir-se em subtipos clássico e intestinal. Após análise de prontuário médico pertencente ao Hospital Santa Rita de Maringá, objetiva-se relatar o caso de um paciente masculino, de 32 anos, com disúria e dor em hipogástrico, apresentando em ultrassonografia lesão cística de 3,8 cm de diâmetro na bexiga. Após a retirada da lesão por ressecção transuretral, a análise histopatológica revelou presença de ninhos de Von Brunn, áreas de epitélio mucossecretor e mucina extracelular na mucosa vesical, propondo a existência de lesão glandular com metaplasia intestinal. Foi realizado estudo imunohistoquímico para diagnóstico diferencial de adenocarcinoma mucossecretor bem diferenciado. A cistite glandular, quando manifestada macroscopicamente, assemelha-se a uma neoplasia por apresentar um aspecto irregular, difuso e algumas vezes ulceroso. Seu diagnóstico e tratamento podem ser simultâneos, porém, nos casos mais graves, as opções terapêuticas são restritas. O diagnóstico diferencial é extremamente importante para afastar a possibilidade de adenocarcinoma vesical, portanto, é imprescindível o acompanhamento periódico dos pacientes após o tratamento com a realização de exames específicos. O uso de marcadores imunohistoquímicos tem se tornado relevante para o correto diagnóstico, pois genes relacionados ao ciclo celular, como o fator de transcrição homebox 2 do tipo caudal (CDX2), podem representar um vínculo entre o surgimento de metaplasia e sua possível progressão a adenocarcinoma. (AU)


The bladder's mucosa, in the presence of aggressive agents, undergoes initially benign changes, but with chronicity may undergo potentially metaplastic modifications. Glandular cystitis presents nonspecific symptoms and biopsy is necessary for diagnosis and histological differentiation, subdividing it into classic and intestinal subtypes. After analyzing a medical record belonging to the Santa Rita Hospital from Maringá, the objective of this study is to report the case of a 32-year-old male patient with dysuria and pain in the hypogastric region, presenting on ultrasonography cystic lesion of 3.8 cm of diameter in the bladder. After removal of the lesion by transurethral resection, the histopathological analysis revealed the presence of Von Brunn nests, areas of mucosecretory epithelium and extracellular mucin in the bladder's mucosa, suggesting the existence of a glandular lesion with intestinal metaplasia. It was performed an immunohistochemical study for differential diagnosis of well-differentiated mucosecretory adenocarcinoma. Glandular cystitis, when manifest-ed macroscopically, resembles a neoplasm, since it can present an irregular aspect, diffuse and sometimes ulcerous. The diagnosis and treatment can be simultaneous, but in severe cases, the therapeutic options are restricted. Differential diagnosis is extremely important to rule out the possibility of bladder adenocarcinoma, therefore it is essential to follow up patients after treatment with specific tests periodically. The use of immunohistochemical markers has become rele-vant for the correct diagnosis, since genes related to the cell cycle, such as caudal type homeobox transcription factor 2 (CDX2), may represent a link between the onset of metaplasia and its possible progression to adenocarcinoma (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Cystitis , Metaplasia
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 369-375, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002201

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The pathophysiology of urethral stricture and its recurrence remains vague and one of the important causes is progressive inflammation. It has been shown in recent years that the neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio is a marker of systemic inflammation and is associated with prognosis in many cardiovascular diseases, malignancies and chronic inflammatory diseases. We assessed simple systemic inflammation markers preoperatively and surgical techniques for urethral stricture recurrence after urethroplasty. Patients and Methods: After exclusion criteria applied, a total of 117 male cases operated with urethroplasty in our clinic between January 2012 and June 2017 were included in the study and analyzed retrospectively. Localization and length of the strictures of the patients, neutrophil counts and percentages, lymphocyte counts and percentages, and neutrophil / lymphocyte ratios in preoperative peripheral blood samples were statistically analyzed. Recurrent stricture during first 12 months follow-up after the surgery has been assessed as recurrence. Results: The mean age of the patients was 54.12 ± 16.35 and the mean urethral stricture length was 3.44 ± 1.83 cm. Recurrence was observed in 30.1% of cases who received buccal graft, 30% in penile skin applied cases and 26.1% of cases treated with end-to-end anastomosis and there was no statistically significant difference between neutrophil, lymphocyte, neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio and average stricture segment length between recurrent and non-recurrent cases (p > 0.005). Conclusions: We consider that neutrophil, lymphocyte counts and their ratio prior to urethroplasty and the technique performed are not parameters that can be used to predict stricture recurrence. Prospective and randomized new trials with larger patient populations are needed to make more accurate judgments about the role of these inflammatory parameters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Inflammation/blood , Neutrophils/metabolism , Prognosis , Biomarkers/blood , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Middle Aged
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 190-191, Jan.-Feb. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The buried penis, if not treated before adolescence, will lead to psychological and physical disorders in adulthood. Therefore, early surgical intervention is necessary. At present, the common surgical methods include the penile corpus fixation, the Johnson's operation, the Devine's method, the modified Devine's method, Shiraki's method, etc. However, we found that these traditional surgeries showed various postoperative complications, such as long-term prepuce edema, avascular necrosis of skin flaps, stenotic prepuce, scarring, and poor appearance. This video shows the main technical steps of our innovative surgical procedure "Six Stitch" (SS) method for the buried penis. Materials and Methods: The designation of the so-called SS method was based on the total knots made (six knots were made for the SS procedure). After the crura penis was fully exposed via a longitudinal incision at the penoscrotal junction, at the 2 o'clock position (around the penis), the superficial layer of albuginea of the crura penis was sutured to the prepubic ligament with 2-0 non-absorbable sutures to prevent the retraction of the penis (the 1st knot). The same procedure was used for the 10 o'clock position (the 2nd knot); At the 2 o'clock position, the skin and subcutaneous tissue at the pubic mound were sutured to the prepubic ligament to reconstruct the appearance of dorsum penis (the 3rd knot). The same procedures were used for the 10 o'clock position (the 4th knot). At the 5 o'clock position, the ventral albuginea was sutured to the tunica dartos and subcutaneous tissue at the penoscrotal junction to reconstruct the penoscrotal angle (the 5th knot). The same procedures were used for the 4 o'clock position (the 6th knot). Finally, the gloved prepuce was reset and circumcision was conducted if the redundant prepuce existed. Results: We have done a total of 64 cases of SS procedures for concealed penis; mean length improvement was 3.8 ± 0.5 cm, with a satisfying 95 percent (61 / 64), which was much longer than the outcome of the above-mentioned methods. Mean operative time was 62.3 ± 12.1 minutes, and there was no serious intraoperative or postoperative complication (only 2 presented scar hyperplasia at the incision site). Conclusions: In conclusion, after the SS procedure, patients with buried penis can acquire an almost 4 cm improvement of penile length and covert incision at the midline of the scrotum, with an acceptable and low incidence of adverse events. This safe and effective procedure may be a viable option for the surgical management of pediatric and adult buried penis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Penis/abnormalities , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods
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