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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986864

ABSTRACT

Independent primary uterine and cervical adenocarcinoma are rare and difficult to identify their origins, which makes treatment decision difficult. A 46-year-old female with endometrioid carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated of the uterine cervix was reported. The patient presented with increased menstrual flow, contact bleeding and watery leucorrhea for more than one year, and the imaging findings showed abnormal uterine morphology, irregular margins, and multiple abnormal signals in uterine cavity and myometrium, which suggested multiple leiomyomas of the uterus. The signal intensity in the right muscle layer was markedly enhanced, suggesting a smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential. A large number of cystic hypointensity was seen in the cervix, and multiple cysts were considered. The initial preoperative diagnosis was multiple leiomyoma of the uterus, and a hysterectomy operation was planned. During the operation, the uterus was sent for frozen sections. There was a mass in the endometrium of the fundus, with a soft grayish-red cut surface and a clear border with the myometrium, and there was a grayish-white nodule in the cervix with a hard grayish-white cut surface. The two masses were well demarcated from each other, and the distance between them was 30 mm. The result of the frozen sections indicated the malignant tumor of the endometrium, and the extended hysterectomy+pelvic lymphadenectomy+partial resection of the greater omentum was performed. After the operation, the paraffin sections were sent to the Department of Pathology of the Peking University Third Hospital for histochemistry, POLE gene sequencing and HPV RNAscope tests, and the final diagnosis was a synchronous endometrioid carcinoma (POLE-mutant according to the WHO classification) and an adenocarcinoma, HPV-associated of the uterine cervix. Now the patient had been treated with 2 cycles of chemotherapy and her condition was fine. Through the analysis of the histological, immunohistochemical and molecular detection results of this case, the importance of applying HPV RNAscope and TCGA molecular typing in the diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinomas and endometrial carcinomas was emphasized. At the same time, gynecologists should not blindly rely on intraoperative frozen sections, and should pay attention to preoperative pathological examination, and make appropriate operation methods according to the results in order to prevent passivity in the surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , Uterus/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis
2.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22459, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439495

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death among women. The endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA) represents an aggressive and metastatic type of cancer with no effective treatment options currently available. We evaluated the antitumoral and anti-migratory effects of hypericin (HYP) encapsulated on Pluronic F127 (F127/HYP) photodynamic therapy (PDT) against a human cell line derived from invasive cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa) compared to a human epithelial cell line (HaCaT). The phototoxicity and cytotoxicity of F127/HYP were evaluated by the following assays: colorimetric assay, MTT, cellular morphological changes by microscopy and long-term cytotoxicity by clonogenic assay. In addition, we performed fluorescence microscopy to analyze cell uptake and subcellular distribution of F127/HYP, cell death pathway and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. The PDT mechanism was determined with sodium azide and D-mannitol and cell migration by wound-healing assay. The treatment with F127/HYP promoted a phototoxic result in the HeLa cells in a dose-dependent and selective form. Internalization of F127/HYP was observed mainly in the mitochondria, causing cell death by necrosis and ROS production especially by the type II PDT mechanism. Furthermore, F127/HYP reduced the long-term proliferation and migration capacity of HeLa cells. Overall, our results indicate a potentially application of F127/HYP micelles as a novel approach for PDT with HYP delivery to more specifically treat ECA.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Poloxamer/analogs & derivatives , Photochemotherapy/classification , HeLa Cells/classification , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Sodium Azide/administration & dosage , Epithelial Cells/classification , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 402-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984736

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the diagnostic value of different detection markers in histological categories of endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA), and their assessment of patient prognosis. Methods: A retrospective study of 54 patients with ECA in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2005-2010 were performed. The cases of ECA were classified into two categories, namely human papillomavirus-associated adenocarcinoma (HPVA) and non-human papillomavirus-associated adenocarcinoma (NHPVA), based on the 2018 international endocervical adenocarcinoma criteria and classification (IECC). To detect HR-HPV DNA and HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA in all patients, we used whole tissue section PCR (WTS-PCR) and HPV E6/E7 mRNA in situ hybridization (ISH) techniques, respectively. Additionally, we performed Laser microdissection PCR (LCM-PCR) on 15 randomly selected HR-HPV DNA-positive cases to confirm the accuracy of the above two assays in identifying ECA lesions. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the efficacy of markers to identify HPVA and NHPVA. Univariate and multifactorial Cox proportional risk model regression analyses were performed for factors influencing ECA patients' prognoses. Results: Of the 54 patients with ECA, 30 were HPVA and 24 were NHPVA. A total of 96.7% (29/30) of HPVA patients were positive for HR-HPV DNA and 63.3% (19/30) for HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA, and 33.3% (8/24) of NHPVA patients were positive for HR-HPV DNA and HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA was not detected (0/24), and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). LCM-PCR showed that five patients were positive for HR-HPV DNA in the area of glandular epithelial lesions and others were negative, which was in good agreement with the E6/E7 mRNA ISH assay (Kappa=0.842, P=0.001). Analysis of the ROC results showed that the AUC of HR-HPV DNA, HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA, and p16 to identify HPVA and NHPVA were 0.817, 0.817, and 0.692, respectively, with sensitivities of 96.7%, 63.3%, and 80.0% and specificities of 66.7%, 100.0%, and 58.3%, respectively. HR-HPV DNA identified HPVA and NHPVA with higher AUC than p16 (P=0.044). The difference in survival rates between HR-HPV DNA (WTS-PCR assay) positive and negative patients was not statistically significant (P=0.156), while the difference in survival rates between HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA positive and negative patients, and p16 positive and negative patients were statistically significant (both P<0.05). Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) staging (HR=19.875, 95% CI: 1.526-258.833) and parametrial involvement (HR=14.032, 95% CI: 1.281-153.761) were independent factors influencing the prognosis of patients with ECA. Conclusions: HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA is more reflective of HPV infection in ECA tissue. The efficacy of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA and HR-HPV DNA (WTS-PCR assay) in identifying HPVA and NHPVA is similar, with higher sensitivity of HR-HPV DNA and higher specificity of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA. HR-HPV DNA is more effective than p16 in identifying HPVA and NHPVA. HPV E6/E7 mRNA and p16 positive ECA patients have better survival rates than negative.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Oncogene Proteins, Viral/genetics , Papillomaviridae , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Papillomaviridae/genetics , RNA, Viral/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 396-401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between the expression of the T-cell activation suppressor-immunoglobulin variable region (VISTA) and the development of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), and the impact on the prognosis of CSCC patients. Methods: Cervical tissue samples from 116 CSCC, including 23 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade I, 23 CIN grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ, and 23 chronic cervicitis patients, were collected from the First Hospital of Soochow University between March 2014 and April 2019. The expression of VISTA in each group was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Survival data of CSCC patients were obtained by follow-up. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method, and survival differences between groups were compared by Log rank test. Prognostic impact factors were analyzed using a multifactorial Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The positive rate of VISTA expression in CSCC group was 32.8% (38/116), and which of grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ was 17.4% (4/23). VISTA expression results showed no positive expression patients in the cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade I and chronic cervicitis groups. The differences between the CSCC group and other groups were statistically significant (P<0.01). In 116 CSCC patients, VISTA expression was associated with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and lymph node metastasis (P<0.01). The mean survival time of patients in the VISTA positive expression group was 30.7 months, and the 3-year survival rate was 44.7% (17/38). However, the mean survival time of the patients in the VISTA negative expression group was 49.1 months, and the 3-year survival rate was 87.2% (68/78). The Cox regression model found that VISTA expression positivity (P=0.001) and FIGO stage (P=0.047) were prognostic factors for CSCC, and patients with VISTA-positive CSCC had a 4.130-fold risk of death higher than those with VISTA-negative expression. Conclusions: The VISTA protein is highly expressed in CSCC tissues, and its expression level is closely related to the occurrence and development of CSCC. The expression of VISTA can be used as an independent predictor of CSCC prognosis and can provide a strong basis for the treatment of CSCC with immune checkpoint inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Clinical Relevance , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervicitis/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 375-381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984732

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of S100A7 inducing the migration and invasion in cervical cancers. Methods: Tissue samples of 5 cases of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and 3 cases of adenocarcinoma were collected from May 2007 to December 2007 in the Department of Gynecology of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the expression of S100A7 in cervical carcinoma tissues. S100A7-overexpressing HeLa and C33A cells were established with lentiviral systems as the experimental group. Immunofluorescence assay was performed to observe the cell morphology. Transwell assay was taken to detect the effect of S100A7-overexpression on the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells. Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to examine the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin and fibronectin. The expression of extracellular S100A7 in conditioned medium of cervical cancer cell was detected by western blot. Conditioned medium was added into Transwell lower compartment to detect cell motility. Exosomes were isolated and extracted from the culture supernatant of cervical cancer cell, the expressions of S100A7, CD81 and TSG101 were detected by western blot. Transwell assay was taken to detect the effect of exosomes on the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells. Results: S100A7 expression was positively expressed in cervical squamous carcinoma and negative expression in adenocarcinoma. Stable S100A7-overexpressing HeLa and C33A cells were successfully constructed. C33A cells in the experimental group were spindle shaped while those in the control group tended to be polygonal epithelioid cells. The number of S100A7-overexpressed HeLa cells passing through the Transwell membrane assay was increased significantly in migration and invasion assay (152.00±39.22 vs 105.13±15.75, P<0.05; 115.38±34.57 vs 79.50±13.68, P<0.05). RT-qPCR indicated that the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin in S100A7-overexpressed HeLa and C33A cells decreased (P<0.05) while the mRNA expressions of N-cadherin and fibronectin in HeLa cells and fibronectin in C33A cells increased (P<0.05). Western blot showed that extracellular S100A7 was detected in culture supernatant of cervical cancer cells. HeLa cells of the experimental group passing through transwell membrane in migration and invasion assays were increased significantly (192.60±24.41 vs 98.80±47.24, P<0.05; 105.40±27.38 vs 84.50±13.51, P<0.05) when the conditional medium was added into the lower compartment of Transwell. Exosomes from C33A cell culture supernatant were extracted successfully, and S100A7 expression was positive. The number of transmembrane C33A cells incubated with exosomes extracted from cells of the experimental group was increased significantly (251.00±49.82 vs 143.00±30.85, P<0.05; 524.60±52.74 vs 389.00±63.23, P<0.05). Conclusion: S100A7 may promote the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells by epithelial-mesenchymal transition and exosome secretion.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , HeLa Cells , Fibronectins/metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma , Cadherins/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , S100 Calcium Binding Protein A7/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 340-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984728

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of lung metastasis in patients with cervical cancer after treatment. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 191 patients with lung metastasis of stage Ⅰa-Ⅲb cervical cancer (FIGO 2009 stage) treated in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from January 2007 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for prognostic factors analysis. Results: Among 191 patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer, pulmonary metastasis was found in 134 patients (70.2%) during follow-up examination, and 57 patients (29.8%) had clinical symptoms (cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, hemoptysis, and fever). The time from the initial treatment of cervical cancer to the discovery of lung metastasis was 1-144 months in the whole group, with a median time of 19 months. Univariate analysis of the prognosis of lung metastasis after treatment of cervical cancer showed that the diameter of cervical tumor, lymph node metastasis, positive surgical margin, disease-free interval after treatment of cervical cancer, whether it is accompanied by other metastasis, the number, location and maximum diameter of lung metastasis, and the treatment method after lung metastasis are related to the prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that the number of lung metastases and other site metastases in addition to lung metastases were independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with lung metastases of cervical cancer (P<0.05). Conclusions: For patients with cervical cancer, attention should be paid to chest CT examination during follow-up to guard against the possibility of lung metastasis after treatment. Besides lung metastasis, other site metastasis and the number of lung metastasis are independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer. For patients with lung metastasis after treatment of cervical cancer, surgical treatment is an effective treatment. It is necessary to strictly grasp the surgical indications, and some patients can achieve long-term survival. For patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer who are not suitable for resection of lung metastasis, the remedial treatment of chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy is still a recommended choice.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Prognosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Rate
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 586-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985737

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological features of primary gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucoglandular lesions of the endometrium. Methods: Eight cases of primary gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucoglandular lesions of endometrium diagnosed between 2014 to 2022 were retrieved from pathology archives of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China. The clinical history, pathological sections and follow-ups were analyzed. Results: The eight patients ranged in age from 35 to 67 years, with an average age of 55.5 years. Seven patients were examined for high-risk human papillary virus (HPV) before operation. Only one of them was positive for high-risk HPV52. No cervical mucinous lesions were found in any of the patients. Two cases were invasive gastric (gastrointestinal)-type adenocarcinoma, 2 cases were benign gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucinous metaplasia, and the other 4 cases were atypical gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucinous gland hyperplasia. Microscopically, tumor cells showed mucous epithelium with gastrointestinal differentiation. Immunophenotyping showed that MUC6 was diffusely or focally positive in 5 cases, CK20 and CDX2 were positive in 3 cases. And p16 was negative or focally positive in 5 cases and strongly positive in 1 case. ER was expressed in both benign and atypical lesions, and weakly positive or negative in the invasive adenocarcinoma. p53 showed mutant expression in one case and wild-type expression in the rest. HPV in situ hybridization was negative. Conclusions: Primary gastric (gastrointestinal)-type mucoglandular lesions of the endometrium show various forms of gastrointestinal differentiation, which are high-risk HPV independent. Morphology combined with immunohistochemistry is helpful for the diagnosis, which can only be made on exclusion of cervical gastrointestinal glandular lesion, gastrointestinal metastatic carcinoma and the mucinous subtype of endometrioid carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections , China , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985674

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (Nr-CWS) in the treatment of persistent cervical high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection. Methods: A randomized, double blind, multi-center trial was conducted. A total of 688 patients with clinically and pathologically confirmed HR-HPV infection of the cervix diagnosed in 13 hispital nationwide were recruited and divided into: (1) patients with simple HR-HPV infection lasting for 12 months or more; (2) patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅰ and HR-HPV infection lasting for 12 months or more; (3) patients with the same HR-HPV subtype with no CINⅡ and more lesions after treatment with CINⅡ or CIN Ⅲ (CINⅡ/CIN Ⅲ). All participants were randomly divided into the test group and the control group at a ratio of 2∶1. The test group was locally treated with Nr-CWS freeze-dried powder and the control group was treated with freeze-dried powder without Nr-CWS. The efficacy and negative conversion rate of various subtypes of HR-HPV were evaluated at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after treatment. The safety indicators of initial diagnosis and treatment were observed. Results: (1) This study included 555 patients with HR-HPV infection in the cervix (included 368 in the test group and 187 in the control group), with an age of (44.1±10.0) years. The baseline characteristics of the two groups of subjects, including age, proportion of Han people, weight, composition of HR-HPV subtypes, and proportion of each subgroup, were compared with no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). (2) After 12 months of treatment, the effective rates of the test group and the control group were 91.0% (335/368) and 44.9% (84/187), respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=142.520, P<0.001). After 12 months of treatment, the negative conversion rates of HPV 16, 18, 52, and 58 infection in the test group were 79.2% (84/106), 73.3% (22/30), 83.1% (54/65), and 77.4% (48/62), respectively. The control group were 21.6% (11/51), 1/9, 35.1% (13/37), and 20.0% (8/40), respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.001). (3) There were no statistically significant differences in vital signs (body weight, body temperature, respiration, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, etc.) and laboratory routine indicators (blood cell analysis, urine routine examination) between the test group and the control group before treatment and at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after treatment (all P>0.05); there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions related to the investigational drug between the two groups of subjects [8.7% (32/368) vs 8.0% (15/187), respectively; χ2=0.073, P=0.787]. Conclusion: External use of Nr-CWS has good efficacy and safety in the treatment of high-risk HPV persistent infection in the cervix.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cell Wall Skeleton , Persistent Infection , Powders , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/pathology , Immunotherapy , Papillomaviridae
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985672

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the natural regression and related factors of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) in the cervix of childbearing age women, and to evaluate the applicability of conservative management for future fertility needs. Methods: This study included 275 patients of reproductive age with fertility needs, who were diagnosed as HSIL by biopsy from April 30, 2015 to April 30, 2022, including 229 cases (83.3%) cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅱ and 46 cases (16.7%) CIN Ⅱ-Ⅲ. They were followed-up without immediate surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. The median follow-up time was 12 months (range: 3-66 months). The regression, persistence and progression of lesions in patients with HSIL were analyzed during the follow-up period, the influencing factors related to regression and the time of regression were analyzed. Results: (1) Of the 275 HSIL patients, 213 cases (77.5%, 213/275) experienced regression of the lesion during the follow-up period. In 229 CIN Ⅱ patients, 180 cases (78.6%) regressed, 21 cases (9.2%) persisted, and 28 cases (12.2%) progressed. In 46 CIN Ⅱ-Ⅲ patients, 33 cases (71.7%) regressed, 12 cases (26.1%) persisted, and 1 case (2.2%) progressed to invasive squamous cell carcinoma stage Ⅰ a1. There was no significant difference in the regression rate between the two groups (χ2=1.03, P=0.309). (2) The average age at diagnosis, age <25 years old at diagnosis were independent influencing factor of HSIL regression in univariate analysis (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference between HSIL regression and pathological grading, the severity of screening results, human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype, colposcopy image characteristics, number of biopsies during follow-up and pregnancy experience (all P>0.05). (3) The median regression times for patients aged ≥25 years and <25 years at diagnosis were 15 and 12 months, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that age ≥25 years at diagnosis significantly increased the median regression time compared to <25 years (χ2=6.02, P=0.014). Conclusions: For HSIL patients of childbearing age, conservative management without immediate surgical intervention is preferred if CINⅡ is fully evaluated through colposcopy examination. Age ≥25 years at diagnosis is a risk factor affecting the prognosis of HSIL patients.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Adult , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/pathology , Biopsy , Colposcopy/methods , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/pathology , Carcinoma in Situ/pathology , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/pathology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985665

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis and perioperative situation of patients with stage Ⅱ endometrial cancer (EC) between radical hysterectomy/modified radical hysterectomy (RH/mRH) and simple hysterectomy (SH). Methods: A total of 47 patients diagnosed EC with stage Ⅱ [International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009] by postoperative pathology, from January 2006 to January 2021 in Peking University People's Hospital, were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were (54.4±10.7) years old, and the median follow-up time was 65 months (ranged 9-138 months). They were divided into RH/mRH group (n=14) and SH group (n=33) according to the scope of operation. Then the prognosis of patients between the groups were compared, and the independent prognostic factors of stage Ⅱ EC were explored. Results: (1) The proportions of patients with hypertension in RH/mRH group and SH group were 2/14 and 45% (15/33), the amounts of intraoperative blood loss were (702±392) and (438±298) ml, and the incidence of postoperative complications were 7/14 and 15% (5/33), respectively. There were significant differences (all P<0.05). (2) The median follow-up time of RH/mRH group and SH group were 72 vs 62 months, respectively (P=0.515). According to Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank method, the results showed that there were no significant difference in 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate (94.3% vs 84.0%; P=0.501), and 5-year overall survival rate (92.3% vs 92.9%; P=0.957) between the two groups. Cox survival analysis indicated that age, pathological type, serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125), and estrogen receptor (ER) status were associated with 5-year PFS rate (all P<0.05). But the scope of hysterectomy (RH/mRH and SH) did not affect the 5-year PFS rate of stage Ⅱ EC patients (P=0.508). And level of serum CA125 and ER status were independent prognostic factors for 5-year PFS rate (all P<0.05). Conclusions: This study could not find any survival benefit from RH/mRH for stage Ⅱ EC, but increases the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, the necessity of extending the scope of hysterectomy is questionable.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Hysterectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985659

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the treatment and prognosis of patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2018 stage Ⅲc cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A total of 488 patients at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between May, 2013 to May, 2015 were enrolled. The clinical characteristics and prognosis were compared according to the treatment mode (surgery combined with postoperative chemoradiotherapy vs radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy). The median follow-up time was (96±12) months ( range time from 84 to 108 months). Results: (1) The data were divided into surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy group (surgery group) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (radiotherapy group), including 324 cases in the surgery group and 164 cases in the radiotherapy group. There were significant differences in Eastern Cooperation Oncology Group (ECOG) score, FIGO 2018 stage, large tumors (≥4 cm), total treatment time and total treatment cost between the two groups (all P<0.01). (2) Prognosis: ① for stage Ⅲc1 patients, there were 299 patients in the surgery group with 250 patients survived (83.6%). In the radiotherapy group, 74 patients survived (52.9%). The difference of survival rates between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). For stage Ⅲc2 patients, there were 25 patients in surgery group with 12 patients survived (48.0%). In the radiotherapy group, there were 24 cases, 8 cases survived, the survival rate was 33.3%. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.296). ② For patients with large tumors (≥4 cm) in the surgery group, there were 138 patients in the Ⅲc1 group with 112 patients survived (81.2%); in the radiotherapy group, there were 108 cases with 56 cases survived (51.9%). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Large tumors accounted for 46.2% (138/299) vs 77.1% (108/140) in the surgery group and radiotherapy group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Further stratified analysis, a total of 46 patients with large tumors of FIGO 2009 stage Ⅱb in the radiotherapy group were extracted, and the survival rate was 67.4%, there was no significant difference compared with the surgery group (81.2%; P=0.052). ③ Of 126 patients with common iliac lymph node, 83 patients survived, with a survival rate of 65.9% (83/126). In the surgery group, 48 patients survived and 17 died, with a survival rate of 73.8%. In the radiotherapy group, 35 patients survived and 26 died, with a survival rate of 57.4%. There were no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.051). (3) Side effects: the incidence of lymphocysts and intestinal obstruction in the surgery group were higher than those in the radiotherapy group, and the incidence of ureteral obstruction and acute and chronic radiation enteritis were lower than those in the radiotherapy group, and there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.01). Conclusions: For stage Ⅲc1 patients who meet the conditions for surgery, surgery combined with postoperative adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and radical chemoradiotherapy are acceptable treatment methods regardless of pelvic lymph node metastasis (excluding common iliac lymph node metastasis), even if the maximum diameter of the tumor is ≥4 cm. For patients with common iliac lymph node metastasis and stage Ⅲc2, there is no significant difference in the survival rate between the two treatment methods. Based on the duration of treatment and economic considerations, concurrent chemoradiotherapy is recommended for the patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymph Node Excision , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Chemoradiotherapy/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology
12.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(2): 117-225, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388345

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En Chile, el cáncer de cuello uterino (CCU) es la segunda causa de muerte por neoplasias malignas en la mujer. El principal agente causal es el virus papiloma humano (VPH). Comparando con la población general, los o las trabajadoras(es) sexuales (TS) tienen alto riesgo de adquirir VPH. OBJETIVO: Analizar la prevalencia y genotipos del VPH cervical y vaginal en TS que se atienden en un Centro de Salud Sexual de Santiago, Chile. Pacientes y MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 97 mujeres TS, de 19 a 70 años de edad. Se obtuvieron dos muestras por paciente, una de exocérvix y otra de paredes vaginales. El ADN de VPH fue identificado por reacción de polimerasa en cadena (RPC) y su genotipo fue investigado para 32 tipos de VPH. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de VPH global fue de 45%, observándose portación cervical en 41,2% y vaginal en 36,1%, con una coinfección de 32%. El 63% de las muestras tenía genotipos de alto riesgo. Los VPH de alto riesgo más frecuentes fueron el VPH 66 (12%), VPH 58 (9,3%), seguidos por VPH 16, VPH 59 y VPH 82 con igual frecuencia (8% c/u). Treinta y dos mujeres (43%) fueron infectadas con genotipos múltiples. CONCLUSIÓN: El VPH es una infección frecuente entre las TS. Este es el primer estudio en Chile sobre prevalencia y genotipos de VPH en TS.


BACKGROUND: In Chile, cervical cancer is the second leading cause of death from malignancy in women. The main causal agent of cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV). Compared with the general population, sex workers (SW) are at increased risk of acquiring HPV. AIM: To analyze the prevalence and genotypes of cervical and vaginal HPV in female SW attending a Sexual Control Centre. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 97 women (19-70 years old). Two samples were taken per patient, one from exocervix and the other from vaginal walls. HPV DNA. was identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genotyping using specific probes for 32 types of HPV. RESULTS: The overall frequency of HPV was 45%, 41.2% in cervical carrier and 36.1% in vaginal carrier, 32% were co-infected, 63% of HPV were high-risk genotypes. The most frequent high-risk HPV was HPV 66 (12%), HPV 58 (9.3%), followed by HPV 16, HPV 59 and HPV 82 with the same frequency (8% each one). Thirty two (43%) of females were infected with multiple genotypes. CONCLUSION: HPV is frequent infection among SW. This is the first study in Chile on the prevalence and genotypes of HPV in sex workers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Alphapapillomavirus/genetics , Sex Workers , Papillomaviridae/genetics , DNA, Viral/analysis , DNA, Viral/genetics , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Genotype
13.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 463-472, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#"Multi-targeting" drugs can prove fruitful to combat drug-resistance of multifactorial disease-cervical cancer. This study envisioned to reveal if Thuja homeopathic mother tincture (MT) and its bioactive component could combat human papillomavirus (HPV)-16-infected SiHa cervical cancer cells since it is globally acclaimed for HPV-mediated warts.@*METHODS@#Thuja MT was studied for its antiproliferative and antimigratory properties in SiHa cells followed by microscopic determination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFDA) staining and loss in mitochondrial membrane potential (MtMP) by rhodamine 123 (Rh123) staining. Apoptosis and autophagy inductions were studied by acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining and immunoblot analyses of marker proteins. The bioactive component of Thuja MT detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was studied for antiproliferative and antimigratory properties along with in silico prediction of its cellular targets by molecular docking and oral drug forming competency.@*RESULTS@#Thuja MT showed significant antiproliferative and antimigratory potential in SiHa cells at a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 17.3 µL/mL. An increase in DCFDA fluorescence and loss in Rh123 fluorescence prove that Thuja MT acted through the burst of ROS and loss in MtMP respectively. AO/EB-stained cells under the microscope and immunoblot analyses supported Thuja-induced cellular demise via dual pathways-apoptosis and autophagy. Immunoblots showed cleavage of caspase-3 and poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) along with upregulation of Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B)-II, and p62 proteins. Hence, the apoptotic cascade followed a caspase-3-dependent pathway supported by PARP-1 cleavage, while autophagic death was Beclin-1-dependent and mediated by accumulation of LC3BII and p62 proteins. Thujone, detected as the bioactive principle of Thuja MT, showed greater anti-proliferative and anti-migratory potential at an IC50 of 77 µg/mL, along with excellent oral drug competency with the ability for gastrointestinal absorption and blood-brain-barrier permeation with nil toxicity. Molecular docking depicted thujone with the strongest affinity for mammalian target of rapamycin, phosphoinositide 3-kinase, and protein kinase B followed by B-cell lymphoma 2, murine double minute 2 and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, which might act as upstream triggers of apoptotic-autophagic crosstalk.@*CONCLUSION@#Robust "multi-targeting" anticancer potential of Thuja drug and thujone for HPV-infected cervical cancer ascertained its therapeutic efficacy for HPV infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Beclin-1/pharmacology , Bicyclic Monoterpenes , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Mammals/metabolism , Molecular Docking Simulation , Papillomavirus Infections/drug therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Thuja/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 338-343, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935536

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the prevalence and frequencies of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS). Methods: The cases of cervical AIS with concurrent tests of cytology and HPV typing from January 2007 to February 2020 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 478 cases of cervical AIS were obtained. The average age of the patients was 39.4 years (range, 19-81 years). The largest age group was 30-39 years (44.8%), followed by 40-49 years (34.7%). Among the 478 patients, 355 underwent high-risk HPV (hrHPV) testing and had a hrHPV-positive rate of 93.8%. Of the 355 patients, 277 also underwent HPV typing and were mostly positive for either or both HPV16 and HPV18 (93.1%), with 55.6% positive for HPV18 and 48.7% positive for HPV16. Among the 478 cases, 266 cases (55.6%) were diagnosed with both AIS and squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL), while 212 cases (44.4%) were diagnosed with only AIS. Patients infected with HPV16 in the AIS and SIL group significantly outnumbered those in the AIS alone group (P<0.05). Moreover, the rate of positive cytology was 55.9% (167/299 cases), while that of negative cytology was 44.1% (132/299). Among the 109 patients with negative cytology results and co-tested hrHPV, there were 101 HPV-positive cases (92.7%), of which 88 cases were subject to HPV typing and showed an HPV16/18 positive rate of 94.3% (83/88 cases). Conclusions: The combination of HPV typing and cytological screening can maximize the detection rate of cervical AIS, and should continue to be utilized, ideally on a larger scale, in the future.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/epidemiology , Human papillomavirus 16/genetics , Human papillomavirus 18/genetics , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Prevalence , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of vasohibin-2 (VASH2) in regulation of proliferation and metastasis of cervical cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the differentially expressed genes between cervical cancer cells with flotillin-1 overexpression and knockdown by RNA-seq combined with analysis of public databases. The expression levels of VASH2 were examined in normal cervical epithelial cells (HcerEpic), cervical cancer cell lines (HeLa, C-33A, Ca ski, SiHa and MS751) and fresh cervical cancer tissues with different lymph node metastasis status. We further tested the effects of lentivirus-mediated overexpression and interference of VASH2 on proliferation, migration, invasion and lymphatic vessel formation of the cervical cancer cells and detected the expression levels of key epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and TGF-β mRNA.@*RESULTS@#RNA-seq and analysis of public databases showed that VASH2 expression was significantly upregulated in cervical cancer cells exogenously overexpressing flotillin-1 (P < 0.05) and downregulated in cells with flotillin-1 knockdown (P < 0.05), and was significantly higher in cervical cancer tissues with lymph node metastasis than in those without lymph node metastasis (P < 0.01). In cervical cancer cell lines Ca Ski, SiHa, and MS751 and cervical cancer tissue specimens with lymph node metastasis, VASH2 expression was also significantly upregulated as compared with HcerEpic cells and cervical cancer tissues without lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). Exogenous overexpression of VASH2 significantly promoted proliferation, migration, invasion and lymphatic vessel formation of cervical cancer cells, whereas these abilities were significantly inhibited in cells with VASH2 knockdown (P < 0.05). The cervical cancer cells overexpressing VASH2 showed significant down- regulation of e-cadherin and up- regulation of N-cadherin, Vimentin and VEGF-C, while the reverse changes were detected in cells with VASH2 knockdown (P < 0.05). TGF-β mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in cervical cancer cells overexpressing VASH2 and down-regulated in cells with VASH2 knockdown (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Flotillin-1 may participate in TGF-β signaling pathway-mediated EMT through its down-stream target gene VASH2 to promote the proliferation, migration, invasion and lymphatic vessel formation of cervical cancer cells in vitro.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Angiogenic Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lymphatic Metastasis , RNA, Messenger , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 329-333, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280035

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Malignant mesonephric tumors are uncommon in the female genital tract, and they are usually located where embryonic remnants of Wolffian ducts are detected, such as the uterine cervix. The information about these tumors, their treatment protocol, and prognosis are scarce. Case report A 60-year-old woman with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding was initially diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma. After suspicion co-testing, the patient underwent a loop electrosurgical excision of the cervix and was eventually diagnosed with mesonephric adenocarcinoma. She was subjected to a radical hysterectomy, which revealed International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) IB1 stage, and adjuvant radiotherapy. The follow-up showed no evidence of recurrence after 60 months. Conclusion We present the case of a woman with cervical mesonephric adenocarcinoma. When compared with the literature, this case had the longest clinical follow-up without evidence of recurrence, which reinforces the concept that these tumors are associated with a favorable prognosis if managed according to the guidelines defined for the treatment of patients with cervical adenocarcinomas. Though a rare entity, it should be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis for other cervical cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mesonephroma/diagnosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/embryology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Diagnosis, Differential , Hysterectomy , Mesonephroma/surgery , Mesonephroma/embryology , Mesonephroma/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness
19.
Femina ; 49(7): 425-432, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290592

ABSTRACT

As células glandulares atípicas representam 0,2% a 2,1% dos resultados dos testes de Papanicolaou. Mesmo com essa baixa prevalência, tem um significado importante no diagnóstico do câncer cervical e endometrial, tendo em vista que tais células e subcategorias, associadas à idade da paciente, podem prenunciar um número expressivo de doença intraepitelial, doença invasiva do endocérvix, endométrio e até neoplasias anexiais. E não se pode esquecer do importante número de resultados histológicos benignos, identificados no seguimento dessas pacientes, muitas vezes assintomáticas.(AU)


Atypical glandular cells represent 0,2% to 2,1% of Pap test results even with this low prevalence has an important significance in the diagnosis of cervical and endometrial cancer, considering that such cells and subcategories associated with the patient's age can predict a significant number of intraepithelial disease, invasive disease of the endometrium, endocervix and even adnexial neoplasms; no forgetting the important number of benign histological results, identified in the follow up of these patients, often asymptomatic.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Cervix Uteri/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Conization , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/surgery , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/pathology , Colposcopy , Cytodiagnosis/methods
20.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 67(3): e-081299, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292384

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer do colo do útero é ainda um importante problema de saúde pública no Brasil e no mundo. A qualidade dos exames de rastreio e de confirmação diagnóstica são fundamentais para que as ações de controle do câncer alcancem efetivo impacto sobre a mortalidade. Objetivo: Analisar as informações registradas no campo descritivo dos motivos da insatisfatoriedade dos exames histopatológicos do colo do útero. Método: Estudo descritivo com dados do Sistema de Informação do Câncer (SISCAN) de mulheres que realizaram exame histopatológico do colo do útero no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) no período de 2014 a 2017. Foram analisados 1.236 exames histopatológicos do colo do útero. Os motivos de insatisfatoriedade especificados no campo descritivo foram analisados, reclassificados e, quando pertinente, foram redistribuídos nos campos existentes para exames satisfatórios. Resultados: Foram classificados incorretamente como 'insatisfatório' 262 exames (21,2%), dos quais, 11,25% foram reclassificados como lesão de caráter benigno, 5,91% como lesão de alto grau, 1,46% como carcinoma, 0,24% como adenocarcinoma e 0,24% como adenocarcinoma in situ. Conclusão: O estudo demonstrou um percentual expressivo de erros nos laudos classificados como insatisfatórios no SUS, apontando a necessidade de capacitar profissionais que emitem laudo histopatológico de forma a evitar erros diagnósticos.


Introduction: Cervical cancer is still an important public health problem in Brazil and worldwide. The quality of screening and diagnostic confirmation tests are essential for cancer control actions to achieve an effective impact on mortality. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the information registered in the description field of the motives for the unsatisfactoriness of the histopathological exams of the cervix. Method: Descriptive study using data of the Cancer Information System (SISCAN) of women who underwent histopathological examination of the cervix in the Unified Health System (SUS) in the period from 2014 to 2017.1,236 histopathological examinations of the cervix were analyzed.The reasons for unsatisfactoriness specified in the description field were analyzed and reclassified and, when relevant, were reassigned to the existing fields for satisfactory exams. Results: 262 exams (21.2%) were incorrectly classified as 'unsatisfactory', in which 11.25% were reclassified as a benign lesion, 5.91% as a high-grade lesion, 1.46% as carcinoma, 0.24% as adenocarcinoma and 0.24% as adenocarcinoma in situ. Conclusion: The study showed a significant percentage of errors in reports classified as unsatisfactory in SUS, pointing out the need to train professionals who issue histopathological reports in order to avoid diagnostic errors.


Introducción: El cáncer de cuello uterino sigue siendo un importante problema de salud pública en Brasil y en todo el mundo. La calidad de las pruebas de cribado y las de confirmación diagnóstica son fundamentales para que las acciones de control del cáncer logren un impacto efectivo en la mortalidad. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la información registrada en el campo descriptivo de las razones de la insatisfacción de los exámenes histopatológicos del cuello uterino. Método: Estudio descriptivo que utilizó datos del Sistema de Información del Cáncer (SISCAN) de mujeres a las que se les realizó examen histopatológico cervicouterino en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) de 2014 a 2017. Se analizaron 1.236 exámenes histopatológicos cervicouterino. útero. Los motivos de insatisfacción especificados en el campo descriptivo se analizaron y reclasificaron y, cuando fue relevante, se redistribuyeron en los campos existentes de satisfacción con el examen. Resultados: 262 exámenes (21,2%) se clasificaron incorrectamente como 'insatisfactorios', en los que el 11,25% se reclasificó como lesión benigna, el 5,91% como lesión de alto grado, el 1,46% como carcinoma, 0,24 % como adenocarcinoma y 0,24% como adenocarcinoma in situ. Conclusión: El estudio mostró un porcentaje significativo de errores en informes calificados como insatisfactorios en el SUS, señalando la necesidad de formar profesionales que emitan informes histopatológicos para evitar errores diagnósticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Papanicolaou Test , Specimen Handling , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Mass Screening
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