Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 354
Biol. Res ; 57: 6-6, 2024. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550061


BACKGROUND: The monthly regeneration of human endometrial tissue is maintained by the presence of human endometrial mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (eMSC), a cell population co-expressing the perivascular markers CD140b and CD146. Endometrial regeneration is impaired in the presence of intrauterine adhesions, leading to infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss and placental abnormalities. Several types of somatic stem cells have been used to repair the damaged endometrium in animal models, reporting successful pregnancy. However, the ability of endometrial stem cells to repair the damaged endometrium remains unknown. METHODS: Electrocoagulation was applied to the left uterine horn of NOD/SCID mice causing endometrial injury. Human eMSC or PBS was then injected into the left injured horn while the right normal horn served as controls. Mice were sacrificed at different timepoints (Day 3, 7 and 14) and the endometrial morphological changes as well as the degree of endometrial injury and repair were observed by histological staining. Gene expression of various inflammatory markers was assessed using qPCR. The functionality of the repaired endometrium was evaluated by fertility test. RESULTS: Human eMSC successfully incorporated into the injured uterine horn, which displayed significant morphological restoration. Also, endometrium in the eMSC group showed better cell proliferation and glands formation than the PBS group. Although the number of blood vessels were similar between the two groups, gene expression of VEGF-α significantly increased in the eMSC group. Moreover, eMSC had a positive impact on the regeneration of both stromal and epithelial components of the mouse endometrium, indicated by significantly higher vimentin and CK19 protein expression. Reduced endometrial fibrosis and down-regulation of fibrosis markers were also observed in the eMSC group. The eMSC group had a significantly higher gene expression of anti-inflammatory factor Il-10 and lower mRNA level of pro-inflammatory factors Ifng and Il-2, indicating the role of eMSC in regulation of inflammatory reactions. The eMSC group showed higher implantation sites than the PBS group, suggesting better endometrial receptivity with the presence of newly emerged endometrial lining. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest eMSC improves regeneration of injured endometrium in mice.

Humans , Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Mice , Uterine Diseases/metabolism , Uterine Diseases/pathology , Uterine Diseases/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Placenta/pathology , Fibrosis , Mice, SCID , Mice, Inbred NOD , Endometrium/metabolism , Endometrium/pathology
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(4): 237-247, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515215


Las malformaciones müllerianas (MM) son un grupo de anomalías estructurales originadas por fallas de desarrollo de los conductos paramesonéfricos o de Müller durante las primeras 16 semanas de gestación. Un oportuno diagnóstico y una correcta clasificación permiten ofrecer el mejor manejo y diferenciar aquellas pacientes que requieren tratamiento quirúrgico. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura sobre MM en las bases de datos Epistemonikos, SciELO, Cochrane y PubMed. Se rescataron todas las pacientes ingresadas con diagnóstico de MM. En el año 2021, la American Society of Reproductive Medicine publicó un consenso en el que se estandarizó la nomenclatura, se amplió el espectro y se simplificó la clasificación. La clínica es variada, e incluye pacientes asintomáticas cuyo diagnóstico es un hallazgo por imágenes. Los mejores estudios imagenológicos son la resonancia magnética (RM) y la ultrasonografía 3D, dejando la histeroscopia y la laparoscopia (método de referencia) como procedimiento diagnóstico-terapéutico. Se presentan casos clínicos desarrollados durante el primer trimestre de 2022. Recomendamos la utilización sistemática de la RM para el diagnóstico de anomalías complejas u obstructivas del aparato genital. El tratamiento de estas patologías debe ser realizado por ginecólogos endoscopistas expertos, e incluye tratamiento médico y quirúrgico, el cual debe ser enfocado en cada paciente dependiendo del tipo de MM y de los deseos de fertilidad.

Müllerian malformations (MM) are a group of structural anomalies caused by developmental failure of the paramesonephric or Müllerian ducts during the first 16 weeks of gestation. Timely diagnosis and classification allow us to offer the best management and to differentiate those patients who require surgical treatment. Literature review on MM in Epistemonikos, SciELO, Cochrane and PubMed databases. All patients admitted with a diagnosis of MM were rescued. In 2021, the American Society of Reproductive Medicine publishes a consensus where it standardizes the nomenclature, broadens the spectrum, and simplifies the classification. The clinical picture is varied and includes asymptomatic patients whose diagnosis is an imaging finding. The best imaging studies are magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 3D ultrasonography, leaving hysteroscopy and laparoscopy (gold standard) as diagnostic therapeutic. Clinical cases developed during the first trimester 2022 are presented. We recommend the routine use of MRI for the diagnosis of complex and/or obstructive anomalies of the genital tract. The treatment of these pathologies should be performed by expert endoscopic gynecologists and include medical and surgical treatment, which should be focused on each patient, depending on the type of MM and fertility desires.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Mullerian Ducts/abnormalities , Mullerian Ducts/surgery , Mullerian Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/congenital , Uterine Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Congenital Abnormalities/surgery , Congenital Abnormalities/classification , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Uterus/abnormalities , Vagina/abnormalities , Vaginal Diseases/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/congenital , Vaginal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Infertility, Female
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 674-679, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981806


OBJECTIVE@#To depict the cell landscape and molecular biological characteristics of human intrauterine adhesion (IUA) so as to better understand its immune microenvironment and provide new inspirations for clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#Four patients with IUA who underwent hysteroscopic treatment at Dongguan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from February 2022 to April 2022 were selected as the study subjects. Hysteroscopy was used to collect the tissues of IUA, which were graded based on the patient's medical history, menstrual history and status of IUA. Library construction, sequencing, single cell data comparison and gene expression matrix construction were carried out in strict accordance with the single cell RNA sequencing process. Thereafter, the UMAP dimension reduction analysis of cell population and genetic analysis were carried out based on the cell types.@*RESULTS@#A total of 27 511 cell transcripts were obtained from four moderately graded IUA tissue samples and assigned to six cell lineages including T cells, mononuclear phagocytes, epithelial cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells and erythrocytes. Compared with normal uterine tissue cells, the four samples showed different cell distribution, and the proportions of mononuclear phagocytes and T cells in sample IUA0202204 were significantly increased, suggesting a strong cellular immune response.@*CONCLUSION@#The cell diversity and heterogeneity of moderate IUA tissues have been described. Each cell subgroup has unique molecular characteristics, which may provide new clues for further study of the pathogenesis of IUA and heterogeneity among the patients.

Pregnancy , Female , Child , Humans , Endothelial Cells , Uterine Diseases/complications , Hysteroscopy/methods , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Sequence Analysis, RNA
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 911-921, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012298


Objective: To perform intrauterine adhesion modeling, and to investigate the repair effect of hypoxic treated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) and their derived exosomes (BMSC-exo) on endometrial injury. Methods: BMSC and their exosomes BMSC-exo extracted from rats' femur were cultured under conventional oxygen condition (21%O2) or hypoxia condition (1%O2). Intrauterine adhesion modeling was performed on 40 healthy female SD rats by intrauterine injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide after curettage. On the 28th day of modeling, 40 rat models were randomly divided into five groups, and interventions were performed: (1) NC group: 0.2 ml phosphate buffered solution was injected into each uterine cavity; (2) BMSC group: 0.2 ml BMSC (1×106/ml) with conventional oxygen culture was injected intrauterine; (3) L-BMSC group: 0.2 ml of hypoxic cultured BMSC (1×106/ml) was injected intrauterine; (4) BMSC-exo group: 0.2 ml of BMSC-exo cultured with conventional oxygen at a concentration of 500 μg/ml was injected into the uterine cavity; (5) L-BMSC-exo group: 0.2 ml hypoxic cultured BMSC-exo (500 μg/ml) was injected intrauterine. On the 14th and 28th day of treatment, four rats in each group were sacrificed by cervical dislocation after anesthesia, and endometrial tissues were collected. Then HE and Masson staining were used to observe and calculate the number of glands and fibrosis area in the endometrium. The expressions of angiogenesis related cytokines [vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and CD31], and fibrosis-related proteins [collagen-Ⅰ, collagen-Ⅲ, smooth muscle actin α (α-SMA), and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)] in endometrial tissues were detected by western blot. Results: (1) HE and Masson staining showed that the number of endometrial glands in L-BMSC group, BMSC-exo group and L-BMSC-exo group increased and the fibrosis area decreased compared with NC group on the 14th and 28th day of treatment (all P<0.05). Noteworthily, the changes of L-BMSC-exo group were more significant than those of BMSC-exo group (all P<0.05), and the changes of BMSC-exo group were greater than those of BMSC group (all P<0.05). (2) Western blot analysis showed that, compared with NC group, the expressions of collagen-Ⅲ and TGF-β1 in BMSC group, L-BMSC group, BMSC-exo group and L-BMSC-exo group decreased on the 14th and 28th day of treatment (all P<0.05). As the treatment time went on, the expressions of fibrosis-related proteins were different. Compared with BMSC group, the expressions of collagen-Ⅲ, α-SMA and TGF-β1 in the BMSC-exo group and L-BMSC group decreased on the 28th day (all P<0.05). Moreover, the expressions of collagen-Ⅲ and TGF-β1 in L-BMSC-exo group were lower than those in BMSC-exo group on the 28th day (all P<0.05). And the expressions of collagen-Ⅰ, α-SMA and TGF-β1 in L-BMSC-exo group were lower than those in L-BMSC group on the 28th day (all P<0.05). (3) The results of western blot analysis of VEGFA and CD31 showed that, the expressions of VEGFA and CD31 in BMSC group, L-BMSC group, BMSC-exo group and L-BMSC-exo group increased on the 14th and 28th day of treatment compared with NC group (all P<0.05). Treatment for 28 days, the expressions of VEGFA and CD31 in BMSC-exo group and CD31 in L-BMSC group were higher than those in BMSC group (all P<0.05). Moreover, the expressions of VEGFA and CD31 in L-BMSC-exo group were higher than those in BMSC-exo group and L-BMSC group on the 28th day (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Treatment of BMSC and their exosomes BMSC-exo with hypoxia could promote endometrial gland hyperplasia, inhibit tissue fibrosis, and further repair the damaged endometrium in rats with intrauterine adhesion. Importantly, hypoxic treatment of BMSC-exo is the most effective in intrauterine adhesion rats.

Rats , Female , Humans , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Exosomes/metabolism , Uterine Diseases/therapy , Collagen , Hypoxia/therapy , Fibrosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Oxygen
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1437083


Uterine rupture is a major cause of perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality, it usually has a devastating outcome if not promptly attended to. The study determined the trends, risk factors, feto-maternal outcomes following uterine rupture as seen at ASYBSH. Method: The study was a retrospective review of cases of uterine rupture managed at the ASYBSH between March 2015 and February 2021. Records of the theatre and labour wards were searched and the folders of patients with uterine rupture were retrieved. Relevant information such as socio-demographic variables, booking status, clinical presentations were retrieved and entered into a structured profoma. Results: Deliveries in the hospital during the period were eleven thousand four hundred and twenty (11,420), out of which one hundred and fifty-six (156) were complicated by uterine rupture giving an overall incidence of 1.36 percent or one in every seventy-four (74) deliveries. Uterine rupture occurred mainly among women of low socio-economic status and high parity. The major predisposing factors were injudicious use of oxytocin (62.8%) prolonged obstructed labour (19.8%), previous caesarean section scar (8.5%), use of misoprostol (5.3%), fundal pressure (2.4%) and unexplained factors (1.2%) Conclusion: Uterine rupture remains a devastating obstetric calamity with a high incidence. Injudicious use of oxytocin, prolonged obstructed labour and previous caesarean section scar were the three leading predisposing factors identified in this study

Humans , Uterine Rupture , Uterine Diseases , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors , Hospitals
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 530-534, July 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347245


Abstract Objective To evaluate the accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound in the diagnosis of intrauterine lesions, using hysteroscopy as the gold standard. Methods This was a prospective observational study with 307 patients. All patients underwent hysteroscopy after a previous transvaginal ultrasound to compare the results. The hysteroscopy was performed by experienced examiners, and transvaginal ultrasounds were performed in various public and private services, which is reflective of routine healthcare practices in obstetrics and gynecology. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the transvaginal ultrasound were calculated using hysteroscopy as the gold standard. The level of agreement between the two exams was calculated using the Kappa test. Results Themean age was 56.55±12.3 years. For endometrial polyps, we observed a sensitivity of 39.8%, specificity of 72.7%, accuracy of 52.8%, and Kappa index of 0.11 (p=0.025). For fibroids, the sensitivity was 46.7%, specificity was 95.0%, accuracy was 87.9%, and Kappa index was 0.46 (p<0.001). For endometrial thickening, the sensitivity was 68.7%, specificity was 41.7%, accuracy was 47.6%, and Kappa index was 0.06 (p=0.126). For endometrial atrophy, we found a sensitivity of 6.7%, specificity of 99.3%, accuracy of 90.2%, and Kappa index of 0.10 (p=0.006). For the other findings, the sensitivity was 15.6%, specificity was 99.6%, accuracy was 87.3%, and Kappa index was 0.23 (P<0.001). Conclusion Our study demonstrated a low level of accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound for the diagnosis of endometrial lesions, when performed by a non-experienced professional. Thus, it is important to consider the use of hysteroscopy to avoid unnecessary and inappropriate treatments.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a acurácia do ultrassom transvaginal para o diagnóstico de lesões intrauterinas, tendo a histeroscopia como padrão de referência. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo observacional prospectivo em 307 pacientes, submetidas à histeroscopia após ultrassonografia prévia para comparação dos resultados. A histeroscopia foi realizada por duas médicas com experiência, e os exames de ultrassom foram realizados em diversas fontes, públicas ou privadas, como ocorre no cotidiano da assistência à saúde em nosso meio. Foram avaliados sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia, tendo a histeroscopia como padrão-ouro. O nível de concordância foi avaliado pelo teste de Kappa. Resultados A idade média foi de 56,55±12,3 anos. Os resultados para pólipo endometrial foram: sensibilidade 39.8%, especificidade 72,7%, acurácia de 52,8%, e índice Kappa 0,11 (p=0,025). Para mioma, sensibilidade 46,7%, especificidade 95,0%, acurácia 87,9%, e índice Kappa 0,46 (p<0,001). Para espessamento endometrial, sensibilidade 68,7%, especificidade 41,7%, acurácia 47,6%, e índice Kappa de 0,06 (p=0,126). Para atrofia, sensibilidade 6,7%, especificidade 99,3%, acurácia 90,2%, e índice Kappa 0,10 (p=0,006). Para outros achados, sensibilidade 15,6%, especificidade 99,6%, acurácia 87,3%, e índice Kappa 0,23 (p<0,001). Conclusão Nosso estudo demonstrou baixo nível de acurácia da ultrassonografia transvaginal para o diagnóstico de lesões endometriais, quando realizada por profissional não experiente. Assim, é importante considerar o uso da histeroscopia para evitar tratamentos desnecessários e inadequados.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aged , Polyps , Uterine Diseases/pathology , Uterine Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Hysteroscopy , Ultrasonography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Endometrium/pathology , Middle Aged
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(2): 241-246, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388644


RESUMEN El dispositivo intrauterino (DIU) es un método anticonceptivo muy popular, eficaz y seguro. Aunque posee complicaciones bien descritas como es la migración, la que puede ser a otros órganos dentro de la cavidad peritoneal. La fístula uteroyeyunal es un evento clínico poco frecuente, pero de gran repercusión si no es diagnosticada y tratada. Se presenta el caso de una paciente usuaria de DIU, el que migra a cavidad abdominal, con posterior formación de fístula uteroyeyunal.

ABSTRACT The intrauterine device is a popular, efficient and safe contraceptive. Although it has some well described complications, such as migration, which may be to the different organs inside of the peritoneal cavity. The uterus-jejunal fistula is a rare clinical event, but with great repercussion if it is not well assessed and treated properly. We present the clinical case of a patient with a migrated intrauterine device and a fistula uterus-jejunal formation.

Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Diseases/etiology , Intrauterine Device Migration/adverse effects , Fistula/etiology , Jejunal Diseases/etiology , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy , Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Perforation , Jejunal Diseases/surgery
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1347973


The release of endometrial prostaglandin-F2α (PGF2α) in bovine females can be induced in vivo by estradiol (E2). However, its role in this mechanism has not been clarified. We hypothesized that E2 stimulates the activity and abundance of protein kinase C (PKC) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Our objective in this study was to analyze the effects of PKC and PLA2 inhibitors on PGF2α synthesis induced by E2 and calcium ionophore (CI) in bovine endometrial cells (BEND cells; Experiment 1). Additionally, we evaluated the abundance of PKC and PLA2 in endometrial explants of cows treated or not with E2 17 days after estrus (D17, D0 = estrus; Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, BEND cells were submitted to a PKC inhibitor (10 µM of C25H24N4O2; bisindolylmaleimide I, or BIS I), a PLA2 inhibitor (20 µM of arachydoniltrifluoromethane or AACOCF3), or none. The BEND cells were subsequently treated with E2 and CI, and PGF2α concentrations were measured in the culture medium through radioimmunoassay. For DIF-12 (PGF2α concentration 12 h after treatment subtracted from PGF2α concentration at hour 0), no PKC inhibitor effect was observed (P= 0.2709). However, DIF-12 was lower (P < 0.05) for groups treated with the PLA2 inhibitor and PLA2 inhibitor + CI + E2 groups than the control and CI + E2 groups. Thus, AACOCF3 was an efficient PLA2 inhibitor in the BEND cells culture system, and E2 did not stimulate the synthesis of PKC and PLA2. In Experiment 2, cyclic Nellore heifers received none (n = 5) or 3 mg (n = 6) of 17ß-E2 on D17 and were slaughtered 2 h after administration. The abundance of PKC and PLA2 in the endometrial tissue was evaluated using Western blotting analysis. No E2 effect was observed on PKC (P = 0.08) and PLA2 (P = 0.56). We concluded that E2 did not stimulate the activity and abundance of PKC and PLA2.(AU)

A liberação endometrial de prostaglandina-F2α (PGF2α) em fêmeas bovinas pode ser induzida in vivo pelo estradiol (E2). Entretanto o seu mecanismo de ação ainda não foi bem esclarecido. Nossa hipótese é que o E2 estimula a atividade e a abundância da proteína quinase C (PKC) e da fosfolipase A2 (PLA2). Nosso objetivo com este estudo foi analizar os efeitos de inibidores de PKC e PLA2 na síntese de PGF2α induzida por E2 e ionóforo de cálcio (CI) em células endometriais bovinas (células BEND; Experimento 1). Adicionalmente, nós avaliamos a abundância de PKC e PLA2 em explantes endometriais de vacas tratadas com ou sem E2 17 dias após o estro (D17, D0 = estro; Experimento 2). No Experimento 1, células BEND foram submetidas ao inibidor de PKC (10 µM de C25H24N4O2; bisindolylmaleimide I, ou BIS I), e ao inibidor de PLA2 (20 µM de arachydoniltrifluoromethane ou AACOCF3) ou a nenhum inibidor. As células BEND foram subsequentemente tratadas com E2 e CI e concentrações de PGF2α foram mensuradas no meio de cultura por radioimunoenssaio. Para DIF-12 (concentração de PGF2α 12 horas depois do tratamento, subtraída da concentração de PGF2α na hora 0), não foi observado efeito do inibidor de PKC (P = 0.2709). Entretanto DIF-12 foi menor (P < 0.05) nos grupos tratados com inibidor de PLA2 e inibidor de PLA2 + CI + E2 quando comparados com o grupo controle e o grupo CI + E2. O AACOCF3 foi um eficiente inibidor de PLA2 em sistema de cultura de células BEND e o E2 não estimulou a síntese de PKC e PLA2. No Experimento 2, novilhas Nelore cíclicas receberam 3 mg de 17ß-E2 (n = 6) ou nenhum tratamento (n = 5) no D17 e foram abatidas duas horas depois da administração dos tratamentos. A quantidade de PKC and PLA2 no tecido endometrial foi avaliada pela técnica de Western Blotting. Não foi observado efeito do E2 sobre a PKC (P= 0.08) e nem sobre a PLA2 (P= 0.56). Conclui-se que o E2 não estimulou a atividade e abundância de PKC e PLA2.(AU)

Animals , Cattle , Protein Kinase C , Cattle/physiology , Phospholipase A2 Inhibitors , Uterine Diseases , Estradiol , Calcium Ionophores
Clinics ; 76: e2981, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286092


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) findings with adenomyosis symptoms. METHODS: This prospective study conducted between January and December 2018 enrolled 78 women aged 18 to 40 years with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), infertility, and/or pelvic pain. All patients underwent 2D and 3D TVUS. Signs of adenomyosis on TVUS were identified according to the consensus of the Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment group. RESULTS: The prevalence of adenomyosis on TVUS was 55.12%. Patients with adenomyosis were older (p=0.002) and had more dysmenorrhea, AUB, and endometriosis than those without adenomyosis. When comparing the presence of symptoms with each adenomyosis feature, on 2D TVUS, severe dyspareunia was significantly associated with the presence of a poorly defined junctional zone (JZ) (p=0.023) and on 3D TVUS, patients with AUB had a more irregular (p=0.003), poorly defined (p=0.028), and interrupted JZ (p=0.011). After logistic regression analysis, signs of adenomyosis on TVUS remained significantly associated only with age over 30 years (OR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.0-1.2) and AUB (OR: 7.65; 95% CI: 2-29). Patients with diffuse adenomyosis were older and presented with more infertility and AUB than patients with focal or no adenomyosis. CONCLUSION: The findings of adenomyosis by 2D and 3D TVUS showed association with age and AUB. 3D TVUS alterations in the JZ were associated with AUB and dyspareunia. Diffuse adenomyosis was associated with older age, a greater prevalence of infertility, and AUB.

Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Uterine Diseases/epidemiology , Uterine Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Endometriosis , Adenomyosis/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography
Clinics ; 76: e1987, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249589


OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). METHODS: The study included a total of 70 patients with moderate-to-severe IUAs who underwent TCRA. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group (n=35) and control group n=35). In the treatment group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received intrauterine perfusion of Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine. In the control group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received hyaluronic acid sodium and intrauterine device (IUD). Follow-up was performed after treatment of uterine cavity, menstruation and pregnancy. RESULTS: After 3 months of treatment, we observed a significantly lower rate of intrauterine re-adhesion (45.71% versus 77.14%, p=0.044) and significantly higher clinical efficiency (82.86% versus 77.14%, p=0.025) in the treatment group than those in the control group. After 6 months of treatment, we observed a significantly higher clinical efficiency in the treatment group than that in the control group (88.57% versus 68.57%, p=0.039). During the follow-up period, the pregnancy rate was 45.71% and 37.14% in the treatment group and control group, respectively, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.628). CONCLUSIONS: After surgical management of IUA, the integrated treatment combining a uterus stent placement and artificial cycle with Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine can improve the condition of menstruation, and prevent and treat recurrence of IUA.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Intrauterine Devices , Hysteroscopy , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use
Philippine Journal of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility ; : 1-6, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886466


@#Placenta accreta is one of the most feared complications among gravid women, as it is associated with massive and potentially life-threatening intrapartum and postpartum hemorrhage. Due to its natural history, placenta accreta is only naturally seen or expected as a cause of bleeding only among obstetric patients. This case report describes a rare manifestation of profuse abnormal uterine bleeding secondary to a placenta accreta in a non-gravid patient. The non-pregnant state was evidenced by the absence of history of amenorrhea and pregnancy signs and symptoms, a negative urine pregnancy test and normal serum bhcg results. A diagnosis of placenta accreta was mainly based on a post-hysterectomy histopathological examination. Theoretical explanations to explain this phenomenon is discussed in this case report.

Pregnancy , Female , Placenta Accreta , Uterine Diseases , Uterine Hemorrhage
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 33-38, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876630


@#Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are vascular disorders with a mixture of arterial, venous and small capillary-like channels with fistulous connections. Uterine arteriovenous malformations are rare cause of abnormal uterine bleeding with only a few reported cases. They may arise from pregnancy, miscarriage, previous cesarean section or other uterine surgery and gestational trophoblastic disease. Diagnosis can be made through angiography or doppler ultrasonography. Traditionally, uterine AVMs are treated with hysterectomy but with the advances in technology, minimally invasive conservative approaches such as radiologic arterial embolization or laparoscopic uterine artery ligation have become available. We present a case of a 29-year-old, G2P1 (1011) who had a three- month history of heavy, intermittent vaginal bleeding from uterine arteriovenous malformation after a miscarriage. Laparoscopic bilateral uterine artery occlusion, offered a minimally invasive treatment with high symptomatic effectiveness.

Uterine Artery , Arteriovenous Malformations , Uterine Diseases , Ligation , Uterine Hemorrhage
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 19-23, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787242


Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex-cord tumors (UTROSCT) are very rare tumors that occur mainly in the uterine fundus of women in reproductive age. These tumors can be classified into group 1 and group 2 by histological results. In group 1, epithelial-like differentiation is partially observed in the tumors. In group 2, sex-cord elements are predominant in uterine mural mass. We experienced UTROSCT group 1 in a 29-year-old woman who complained of severe abdominal pain that started one week after delivery and UTROSCT group 2 case in a 49-year-old woman who complained of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. We report two different types of UTROSCT cases that we experienced.

Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Metrorrhagia , Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors , Uterine Diseases , Uterine Neoplasms
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9794, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132540


Although estrogen has crucial functions for endometrium growth, the specific dose and underlying molecular mechanism in intrauterine adhesion (IUA) remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of estrogen on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in normal and fibrotic endometrium, and the role of estrogen and Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the formation of endometrial fibrosis. CCK-8 and immunofluorescence assay were performed to access the proliferation of different concentrations of estrogen on normal human endometrial epithelial cells (hEECs). qRT-PCR and western blot assay were utilized to explore the effect of estrogen on EMT in normal and fibrotic endometrium, and main components of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in vitro. Hematoxylin and eosin and Masson staining were used to evaluate the effect of estrogen on endometrial morphology and fibrosis in vivo. Our results indicated that the proliferation of normal hEECs was inhibited by estrogen at a concentration of 30 nM accompanied by upregulation of mesenchymal markers and downregulation of epithelial markers. Interestingly, in the model of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced endometrial fibrosis, the same concentration of estrogen inhibited the process of EMT, which might be partially mediated by regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. In addition, relatively high doses of estrogen efficiently increased the number of endometrial glands and reduced the area of fibrosis as determined by the reduction of EMT in IUA animal models. Taken together, our results demonstrated that an appropriate concentration of estrogen may prevent the occurrence and development of IUA by inhibiting the TGF-β1-induced EMT and activating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Humans , Animals , Female , Uterine Diseases , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Estrogens , Wnt Signaling Pathway
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e9058, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089340


The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in sexual function after total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) or transabdominal hysterectomy (TAH). This retrospective cohort study included patients with benign uterine tumors that were divided into TLH group and TAH group based on the hysterectomy technique used. Baseline, intraoperative, and postoperative characteristics were compared between groups. Postoperative sexual function was assessed using the Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women. The TLH and TAH groups contained 119 patients (age, 51.5±6.1 years) and 126 patients (age, 50.0±4.7 years), respectively. Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups, although uterine size was larger in the TAH group (P<0.001). Compared with the TAH group, the TLH group had a longer operative time (130.0±36.2 vs 107.3±28.5 min, P<0.001), lower pain index at 24 h (2.0±1.6 vs 4.0±2.6, P<0.001), and shorter hospitalization time (5.7±1.1 vs 8.1±1.2 days, P<0.001). Many patients in the TLH and TAH groups reported decreased satisfaction with their sexual life (67.5 and 56.0%, respectively), reduced frequency of sexual activity (70.1 and 56.0%, respectively), decreased libido (67.5 and 56.0%, respectively), orgasm dysfunction (42.9 and 42.9%, respectively), and increased dyspareunia (77.9 and 85.7%, respectively). However, there was no significant difference between groups in any of the indexes of postoperative sexual function (P>0.05). Both TLH and TAH had comparable negative effects on sexual function in women treated for benign uterine tumors in China, with a decreased frequency of sexual activity, reduced libido, orgasm dysfunction, and increased dyspareunia.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Sexual Health , Postoperative Period , Uterine Diseases/psychology , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy , Hysterectomy
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4916, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056055


ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the prevalence and intensity of pain perception during diagnostic hysteroscopy in women and potential related factors. Methods A total of 489 women were investigated at an infertility clinic. Fluid diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed without analgesia or anesthesia by gynecologists with different levels of experience in operative hysteroscopy, using a 2.9mm rigid scope. The Visual Analog Scale was used to score pain intensity after vaginal speculum insertion and after hysteroscopy. Data collected included age, ethnicity, body mass index, history of infertility and endometrial surgery (curettage and/or hysteroscopy), smoking habits, and hysteroscopy diagnosis. Only the state of anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory given to each patient before the procedure. Results Hysteroscopy median (25th to 75th) Visual Analog Scale scored 3.3 (3 to 5), and 41.7% of the women referred Visual Analog Scale score ≥4. Median (25th to 75th) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score was 42 (38 to 45), and 58.3% of the women referred State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score >40. Hysteroscopy Visual Analog Scale score was significantly correlated to surgeon experience and to vaginal speculum insertion but not to State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score, ethnicity or abnormal hysteroscopic findings. Conclusion Diagnostic hysteroscopy was mostly perceived as a mild discomfort procedure by most women. Nevertheless, in a considerable number of cases, women perceived hysteroscopy as painful. Pain perception was linked to individual pain threshold and surgeon experience, but not to pre-procedural anxiety state levels, ethnicity or abnormal hysteroscopic findings.

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a prevalência e a intensidade da percepção da dor durante a histeroscopia diagnóstica, bem como os possíveis fatores relacionados. Métodos Foram incluídas 489 mulheres submetidas à propedêutica de infertilidade. A histeroscopia diagnóstica foi realizada sem analgesia ou anestesia, por ginecologistas com níveis de experiência diferentes em histeroscopia, usando histeroscópio rígido de 2,9mm. A Escala Visual Analógica foi utilizada para avaliar a intensidade da dor após a inserção do espéculo vaginal e após a histeroscopia. Os dados coletados incluíram idade, etnia, índice de massa corporal, história de infertilidade e cirurgia endometrial (curetagem e/ou histeroscopia), tabagismo e histeroscopia diagnóstica. Avaliou-se apenas o estado de ansiedade pelo Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado de cada paciente antes do procedimento. Resultados A mediana (25ºa 75º) de histeroscopia pela Escala Visual Analógica foi 3,3 (3 a 5), e 41,7% das mulheres obtiveram pontuação ≥4. A mediana (25ºa 75º) do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado foi 42 (38 a 45), e 58,3% das mulheres referiram pontuação >40. A pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica da histeroscopia apresentou correlação estatisticamente significante com a experiência do cirurgião e a inserção do espéculo vaginal, mas não a pontuação do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado, etnia ou achados histeroscópicos anormais. Conclusão A histeroscopia diagnóstica foi percebida pela maioria das mulheres como desconforto leve, mas um número considerável de pacientes classificou o procedimento como doloroso. A percepção da dor esteve ligada ao limiar individual e à experiência do cirurgião, mas não aos níveis de ansiedade pré-procedimento, à etnia e nem aos achados histeroscópicos anormais.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Pain Perception , Pain, Procedural/etiology , Pain, Procedural/epidemiology , Fertility Clinics , Anxiety/psychology , Polyps/surgery , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Pain Measurement/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Hysteroscopy/adverse effects , Hysteroscopy/psychology , Prevalence , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Pain, Procedural/psychology , Middle Aged
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 65(5): 714-721, May 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012966


SUMMARY An isthmocele, a cesarean scar defect or uterine niche, is any indentation representing myometrial discontinuity or a triangular anechoic defect in the anterior uterine wall, with the base communicating to the uterine cavity, at the site of a previous cesarean section scar. It can be classified as a small or large defect, depending on the wall thickness of the myometrial deficiency. Although usually asymptomatic, its primary symptom is abnormal or postmenstrual bleeding, and chronic pelvic pain may also occur. Infertility, placenta accrete or praevia, scar dehiscence, uterine rupture, and cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy may also appear as complications of this condition. The risk factors of isthmocele proven to date include retroflexed uterus and multiple cesarean sections. Nevertheless, factors such as a lower position of cesarean section, incomplete closure of the hysterotomy, early adhesions of the uterine wall and a genetic predisposition may also contribute to the development of a niche. As there are no definitive criteria for diagnosing an isthmocele, several imaging methods can be used to assess the integrity of the uterine wall and thus diagnose an isthmocele. However, transvaginal ultrasound and saline infusion sonohysterography emerge as specific, sensitive and cost-effective methods to diagnose isthmocele. The treatment includes clinical or surgical management, depending on the size of the defect, the presence of symptoms, the presence of secondary infertility and plans of childbearing. Surgical management includes minimally invasive approaches with sparing techniques such as hysteroscopic, laparoscopic or transvaginal procedures according to the defect size.

RESUMO A istmocele ou nicho uterino é representada por uma descontinuidade miometrial ou um defeito anecoico triangular na parede uterina anterior, com a base se comunicando com a cavidade uterina no local de uma cicatriz anterior de cesárea. O defeito pode ser classificado como pequeno ou grande, dependendo da espessura da parede miometrial deficiente. Embora geralmente assintomático, seu principal sintoma é o sangramento uterino anormal ou pós-menstrual; a dor pélvica crônica também pode ocorrer. Infertilidade, placenta acreta ou prévia, deiscência de cicatriz, ruptura uterina e gravidez ectópica em cicatriz de cesárea prévia também podem aparecer como complicações dessa condição. Os fatores de risco para desenvolvimento da istmocele comprovados até o momento incluem útero retroverso e múltiplas cesarianas. No entanto, fatores como localização mais inferior de uma cesárea prévia, fechamento incompleto da histerotomia, aderências precoces na parede uterina e predisposição genética também podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento de um nicho. Como não existem critérios definitivos para o diagnóstico de uma istmocele, vários métodos de imagem podem ser usados para avaliar a integridade da parede uterina e, assim, diagnosticar uma istmocele. Entretanto, ultrassonografia transvaginal e sono-histerografia com infusão salina surgem como métodos específicos, sensíveis e custo-efetivos para o diagnóstico de istmocele. O tratamento inclui manejo clínico ou cirúrgico, dependendo do tamanho do defeito, da presença de sintomas, da presença de infertilidade secundária e de planos de gravidez. O manejo cirúrgico inclui abordagens minimamente invasivas como histeroscopia, laparoscopia ou transvaginal, de acordo com o tamanho do defeito.

Humans , Female , Uterine Diseases/diagnosis , Uterine Diseases/therapy , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/diagnosis , Cicatrix/therapy , Uterine Diseases/etiology , Hysteroscopy/methods , Risk Factors , Cicatrix/etiology , Metrorrhagia/diagnosis , Metrorrhagia/etiology , Metrorrhagia/therapy
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(1): 44-52, Jan. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003516


Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to perform a comprehensive review of the literature to provide a complete and clear picture of isthmocele-a hypoechoic area within themyometriumat the site of the uterine scar of a previous cesarean section-by exploring in depth every aspect of this condition. Methods A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to identify the most relevant studies about this topic. Results Every aspect of isthmocele has been studied and described: pathophysiology, clinical symptoms, classification, and diagnosis. Its treatment, both medical and surgical, has also been reported according to the actual literature data. Conclusion Cesarean section is the most common surgical procedure performed worldwide, and one of the consequences of this technique is isthmocele. A single and systematic classification of isthmocele is needed to improve its diagnosis and management. Further studies should be performed to better understand its pathogenesis.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi realizar uma revisão abrangente da literatura a fim de fornecer um quadro completo e claro da istmocele-uma área hipoecoica dentro domiométrio no local da cicatriz uterina de uma cesariana anterior- aprofundando todos os aspectos desta condição Métodos Uma revisão abrangente da literatura foi realizada para identificar os estudos mais relevantes sobre este tema. Resultados Todos os aspectos da istmocele foram estudados e descritos: fisiopatologia, sintomas clínicos, classificação e diagnóstico. Os tratamentos médico e cirúrgico também foram relatados de acordo com os dados reais da literatura. Conclusão A cesárea é o procedimento cirúrgico mais comum realizado em todo o mundo, e uma das consequências desta técnica é a istmocele. Uma classificação única e sistemática da istmocele é necessária para melhorar seu diagnóstico e manejo. Novos estudos devem ser realizados para melhor entender sua patogênese.

Humans , Female , Uterine Diseases/diagnosis , Uterine Diseases/etiology , Uterine Diseases/therapy , Uterine Diseases/epidemiology , Cicatrix/diagnosis , Cicatrix/etiology , Cicatrix/therapy , Cicatrix/epidemiology , Myometrium , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Risk Factors