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1.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 470-473, oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388684

ABSTRACT

Resumen El angioleiomioma es un tumor benigno perivascular que raramente se localiza en el útero. Se expone el caso de un angioleiomioma de gran tamaño en una mujer de 30 años con sangrado menstrual abundante y masa abdominal palpable. La paciente fue sometida a miomectomía y diagnosticada de angioleiomioma por el estudio histológico. Ante síntomas persistentes, la angiomiomectomía o la histerectomía simple son eficaces.


Abstract Angioleiomyoma is a benign perivascular tumor that is rarely located in the uterus. This paper presents a case of a large angioleiomyoma in a 30-year-old woman with heavy menstrual bleeding and a palpable abdominal mass. The patient underwent myomectomy and was diagnosed with angioleiomyoma by histological examination. For persistent symptoms, angiomyomectomy or simple hysterectomy are effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiomyoma/surgery , Angiomyoma/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Angiomyoma/pathology , Uterine Myomectomy
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 137-144, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the profile of endometrial carcinomas and uterine sarcomas attended in a Brazilian cancer center in the period from 2001 to 2016 and to analyze the impact of time elapsed fromsymptoms to diagnoses or treatment in cancer stage and survival. Methods This observational study with 1,190 cases evaluated the year of diagnosis, age-group, cancer stage and histological type. A subgroup of 185 women with endometrioid histology attended in the period from 2012 to 2017 was selected to assess information about initial symptoms, diagnosticmethods, overall survival, and to evaluate the influence of the time elapsed from symptoms to diagnosis and treatment on staging and survival. The statistics used were descriptive, trend test, and the Kaplan- Meier method, with p-values < 0.05 for significance. Results A total of 1,068 (89.7%) carcinomas (77.2% endometrioid and 22.8% nonendometrioid) and 122 (10.3%) sarcomas were analyzed, with an increasing trend in the period (p < 0.05). Histologies of non-endometrioid carcinomas, G3 endometrioid, and carcinosarcomas constituted 30% of the cases. Non-endometrioid carcinomas and sarcomas weremore frequently diagnosed in patients over 70 years of age and those on stage IV (p < 0.05). The endometrioid subgroup with 185 women reported 92% of abnormal uterine bleeding and 43% diagnosis after curettage. The average time elapsed between symptoms to diagnosis was 244 days, and between symptoms to treatment was 376 days, all without association with staging (p = 0.976) and survival (p = 0.160). Only 12% of the patients started treatment up to 60 days after diagnosis. Conclusion The number of uterine carcinoma and sarcoma cases increased over the period of 2001 to 2016. Aggressive histology comprised 30% of the patients and, for endometrioid carcinomas, the time elapsed between symptoms and diagnosis or treatment was long, although without association with staging or survival.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo avaliou o perfil dos carcinomas endometriais e sarcomas uterinos atendidos em um centro brasileiro de câncer no período de 2001 a 2016, e avaliou o impacto do tempo decorrido entre os sintomas até o diagnóstico ou tratamento no estadiamento e sobrevida pelo câncer. Métodos Estudo observacional com 1.190 casos que analisou o ano do diagnóstico, faixa etária, estágio e tipo histológico do câncer. Um subgrupo de 185 mulheres com histologia endometrioide e atendidas no período de 2012 a 2017 foi selecionado para avaliar informações sobre sintomas iniciais, métodos de diagnóstico, sobrevida global e para analisar a relação entre o tempo decorrido a partir dos sintomas até o diagnóstico e tratamento no estadiamento e sobrevida. Foram realizadas análises estatísticas descritiva, de tendência linear e de sobrevida pelo método de Kaplan-Meier, com valores de p < 0,05 para significância. Resultados Os casos estudados de acordo com a histologia foram 1.068 (89,7%) carcinomas (77,2% endometrioides e 22,8% não endometrioides) e 122 (10,3%) sarcomas, com tendência crescente no período (p < 0,05). Histologias de carcinomas não endometrioides, G3 endometrioides e carcinossarcomas consistiram em 30% dos casos. Carcinomas não endometrioides e sarcomas forammais frequentemente diagnosticados em pacientes acima de 70 anos de idade e em estágio IV (p < 0,05). O subgrupo com185 mulheres com carcinoma endometrioide apresentou 92% de sangramento uterino anormal e 43% de diagnóstico após curetagem. O tempo médio decorrido entre os sintomas e o diagnóstico foi de 244 dias e entre os sintomas e o tratamento, 376 dias, todos sem associação com estadiamento (p = 0,976) e sobrevida (p = 0,160). Apenas 12% das pacientes iniciaram o tratamento em até 60 dias após o diagnóstico. Conclusão O número de casos de carcinomas e sarcomas uterinos aumentaram no período de 2001 a 2016. A histologia agressiva compreendeu 30% dos pacientes e, no caso dos carcinomas endometrioides, o tempo decorrido entre os sintomas e o diagnóstico ou tratamento foi longo, embora sem associação com estadiamento ou sobrevida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sarcoma/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Sarcoma/surgery , Sarcoma/pathology , Time Factors , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 66-71, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156072

ABSTRACT

Abstract Uterine leiomyoma is themost prevalent benign type of gynecological tumor. It affects more than 80% of women worldwide and, within this group, more than 50% may be asymptomatic. However, large fibroid volumes may be associated with symptoms of extrinsic compression, and most of the cases do not present atypical cells. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman who underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy of a 13.5-kg uterine leiomyoma with no malignancies at histopathology and review the literature about giant uterine leiomyomas and their clinical repercussion. We concluded that large volumes do not always pose a threat regarding malignancy; however, future molecular studies are needed to investigate giant uterine fibroids.


Resumo Leiomioma uterino é o tumor benigno ginecológico de maior prevalência. Ele afeta mais de 80% das mulheres no mundo e, deste grupo, mais de 50% podem ser assintomáticas. Contudo, miomas de grande volume podem ser associados com sintomas de compressão extrínseca, e a maioria dos casos não apresentam células atípicas. Nós apresentamos o caso de uma mulher de 49 anos que foi submetida a histerectomia total abdominal de um espécime de 13,5 quilos sem malignidades ao exame histopatológico. Também revisamos a literatura sobre leiomiomas uterinos de grande volume e sua repercussão clínica. Concluímos que grandes volumes nem sempre representam um risco relacionado à malignidade; contudo, estudos moleculares futuros são necessários para investigar leiomiomas uterinos gigantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Leiomyoma/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Hysterectomy , Leiomyoma/surgery , Leiomyoma/pathology , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(6): 678-684, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1508026

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Reportar el caso de una torsión de útero, trompas y ambos ovarios a nivel de cuello uterino. Describir la patogenia, sintomatología y tratamiento, como un caso infrecuente y potencialmente grave, en la práctica clínica diaria. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Analizar el curso de esta extremadamente rara patología, en una mujer postmenopáusica de 59 años. Se trata de un caso raro de torsión uterina en un útero no gestante, reportando los hallazgos en los exámenes previos a la cirugía y los hallazgos intraoperatorios e histopatológicos postcirugía. La resonancia magnética fue fundamental en el diagnóstico de la paciente y la laparotomía realizada demostró una torsión de cuerpo uterino de 360 ° a nivel de cérvix, y un gran mioma pediculado con signos de necrosis. Hemos revisado los últimos artículos de esta rara patología RESULTADOS Y DISCUSIÓN: La paciente fue operada. Se realizó una histerectomía total mediante una laparotomía media supra e infraumbilical. Los ovarios no tenían signos de necrosis. CONCLUSIONES: Debemos tener en cuenta esta posibilidad diagnóstica, en pacientes con aumento de tamaño uterino y clínica de dolor abdominal, ya que aunque es muy infrecuente, su diagnóstico es importante, ya que puede ser peligroso para la vida de la paciente.


OBJECTIVE: To report a case of torsion of the uterus, fallopian tubes and both ovaries around the uterine collum and the symptomatology, pathogenesis and treatment of this uncommon pathology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The article analyses the course of this extremely rare pathology in a postmenopausical woman of 59 years. It is a rare case like a non gravid uterine torsion in a postmenopausical woman. We have the exams previous to the surgery, the finds intraoperative and the histolopathological reports postsurgery. RMN was the most important in diagnosis and the laparotomy showed a 360° an uterus increased on size and a big pedunculated myoma with signs of necrosis We have reviewed the latest articles on this strange pathology RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The patient was operated. A infra-supra medium laparotomy was practiced and a total hysterectomy was made. Ovarians had not signs of necrosis. CONCLUSIONS: We must take into account, in patients with pathologies that increase uterine size and abdominal pain, the possibility of uterine torsion. Although it is a very infrequent pathology, its diagnosis is important, since it can be dangerous for the life of the patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Torsion Abnormality/etiology , Uterine Neoplasms/complications , Myoma/complications , Torsion Abnormality/surgery , Torsion Abnormality/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Hysterectomy , Myoma/surgery , Myoma/diagnosis
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 649-658, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRH-a) have been used preoperatively before hysteroscopic myomectomy to decrease the size and vascularization of the myomas, but evidence to support this practice is weak. Our objective was to analyze the use of GnRH-a in the reduction of submucous fibroid as a facilitator for surgical hysteroscopy from published clinical trials. Data sources Studies from electronic databases (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), published between 1980 and December 2018. The keywords used were fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection and their correspondents in Portuguese. Study selection The inclusion criteria were controlled trials that evaluated the GnRH-a treatment before hysteroscopic resection of submucous myomas. Four clinical trials were included in the meta-analysis. Data collection Two review authors extracted the data without modification of the original data, using the agreed form. We resolved discrepancies through discussion or, if required, we consulted a third person. Data synthesis The present meta-analysis included a total of 213 women and showed no statistically significant differences in the use of GnRH-a compared with the control group for complete resection of submucous myoma (relative risk [RR]: 0.94; 95%; confidence interval [CI]: 0.80-1.11); operative time (mean difference [MD]: - 3.81; 95%;CI : - 3.81-2.13); fluid absorption (MD: - 65.90; 95%;CI: - 9.75-2.13); or complications (RR 0.92; 95%;CI: 0.18-4.82). Conclusion The present review did not support the routine preoperative use of GnRH-a prior to hysteroscopic myomectomy. However, it is not possible to determine its inferiority when compared with the other methods due to the heterogeneity of existing studies and the small sample size.


Resumo Objetivo Análogos de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH-a) têm sido usados no pré-operatório de miomectomia histeroscópica para reduzir o tamanho e vascularização dos miomas, mas a evidência que suporta essa prática é fraca. Nosso objetivo foi analisar o uso de GnRH-a na redução do mioma submucoso como um facilitador de histeroscopia cirúrgica em ensaios clínicos publicados. Fonte de dados Estudos de bases de dados eletrônicas (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), publicados entre 1980 e dezembro de 2018. As palavras-chave usadas foram fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection e seus correspondentes em português. Seleção dos estudos Os critérios de inclusão foram ensaios clínicos controlados que avaliaram o tratamento com GnRH-a antes da ressecção histeroscópica de miomas submucosos. Quatro ensaios clínicos foram incluídos na meta-análise Coleta de dados Dois autores revisores extraíram os dados, sem modificarem os dados originais, usando a forma acordada. Nós resolvemos as discrepâncias através de discussão ou, se necessário, consultando um terceiro autor. Síntese dos dados A meta-análise incluiu um total de 213 mulheres e não demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa no uso de GnRH-a comparado com o grupo controle para ressecção completa de mioma submucoso (risco relativo [RR]: 0.94. índice de confiança [IC] 95%;: 0.80-1.11); tempo cirúrgico (diferença de média [MD]: - 3.81; IC95%;: -3.81-2.13); absorção de fluidos (MD: - 65.90; IC95%;: - 9.75-2.13); ou complicações (RR 0.92; IC95%;: 0.18-4.82). Conclusão A presente revisão sistemática não suporta o uso pré-operatório rotineiro de GnRH-a antes de miomectomia histeroscópica. No entanto, não é possível determinar sua inferioridade quando comparado aos outros métodos devido à heterogeneidade dos estudos existentes e ao pequeno tamanho da amostra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Leiomyoma/blood , Hysteroscopy , Operative Time
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(9): 535-539, Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137877

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the obstetric outcomes of singleton high-risk pregnancies with a small size uterine fibroid. Methods This retrospective cohort study was conducted among 172 high-risk pregnant women who were followed-up by a single surgeon between 2016 and 2019. Pregnant women with preconceptionally diagnosed small size (< 5 cm) single uterine fibroids (n = 25) were compared with pregnant women without uterine fibroids (n = 147) in terms of obstetric outcomes. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of adverse pregnancy outcomes. The size of the fibroids was increased in 60% of the cases, and the growth percentage of the fibroids was 25% during pregnancy. Intrapartum and short-term complication was not observed in women who underwent cesarean myomectomy. Conclusion Small size uterine fibroids seem to have no adverse effect on pregnancy outcomes even in high-risk pregnancies, and cesarean myomectomy may be safelyperformed in properly selected cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/epidemiology , Uterine Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Leiomyoma/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Myomectomy , Leiomyoma/surgery
7.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 42(8): 476-485, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137863

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the factors associated with complete myomectomy in a single surgical procedure and the aspects related to the early complications. Methods A cross-sectional study with women with submucous myomas. The dependent variables were the complete myomectomy performed in a single hysteroscopic procedure, and the presence of early complications related to the procedure. Results We identified 338 women who underwent hysteroscopic myomectomy. In 89.05% of the cases, there was a single fibroid to be treated. According to the classification of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique, FIGO, in French),most fibroids were of grade 0 (66.96%), followed by grade 1 (20.54%), and grade 2 (12.50%). The myomectomies were complete in 63.31% of the cases, and the factors independently associated with complete myomectomy were the diameter of the largest fibroid (prevalence ratio [PR]: 0.97; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.96-0.98) and the classification 0 of the fibroid according to the FIGO (PR: 2.04; 95%CI: 1.18-3.52). We observed early complications in 13.01% of the hysteroscopic procedures (4.44% presented excessive bleeding during the procedure, 4.14%, uterine perforation, 2.66%, false route, 1.78%, fluid overload, 0.59%, exploratory laparotomy, and 0.3%, postoperative infection). The only independent factor associated with the occurrence of early complications was incomplete myomectomy (PR: 2.77; 95%CI: 1.43-5.38). Conclusions Our results show that hysteroscopic myomectomy may result in up to 13% of complications, and the chance of complete resection is greater in small and completely intracavitary fibroids; women with larger fibroids and with a high degree of myometrial penetration have a greater chance of developing complications from hysteroscopic myomectomy.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados a miomectomia por histeroscopia completa em um único procedimento e as suas complicações. Métodos Estudo de corte transversal com mulheres submetidas a histeroscopia para exérese de miomas submucosos. As variáveis dependentes foram a miomectomia completa realizada em um tempo cirúrgico único, e a presença de complicações precoces relacionadas ao procedimento. Resultados Analisamos 338 mulheres que foram submetidas a miomectomia histeroscópica. Em 89,05% dos casos, o mioma a ser tratado era único. Quanto à classificação da Federação Internacional de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique, FIGO, em francês), a maioria era de grau 0 (66,96%), seguidos pelos graus 1 (20,54%) e 2 (12,50%). As miomectomias foram completas em 63,31% das mulheres, sendo que os fatores independentemente associados à miomectomia completa foram o diâmetro do maior mioma (razão de prevalência [RP]: 0,97; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 0,96-0,98) e a classificação FIGO grau 0 (RP: 2,04; IC95%: 1,18-3,52). Foram observadas complicações precoces em 13,01% dos procedimentos (4,44% apresentaram sangramento excessivo durante o procedimento, 4,14%, perfuração uterina, 2,66%, falso pertuito, 1,78%, intoxicação hídrica, 0,59%, laparotomia exploradora, e 0,3%, infecção pósoperatória). O único fator independentemente associado à ocorrência de complicações precoces foi a realização de miomectomia incompleta (RP: 2,77; IC95%: 1,43-5,38). Conclusão Nossos resultados mostram que as complicações da miomectomia por histeroscopia podem ocorrer em até 13% dos procedimentos. A chance de ressecção completa é maior em miomas pequenos e completamente intracavitários; mulheres com miomas maiores e com maior grau de penetração miometrial têm maiores chances de desenvolver complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Leiomyoma/surgery , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Uterine Myomectomy/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 65(2): 130-135, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990339

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Uterine inversion is an uncommon complication of the puerperium and it is an even rarer complication of the non-puerperal period. In this way, uterine inversions are classified into two groups, being of puerperal origin due to obstetric problems and non-puerperal origin due to gynecological problems. In general, a non-puerperal uterine inversion occurs as a possible complication of a sub mucosal leiomyoma, after an expansive process, a dilation of the cervix occurs and thus its protuberance over the vaginal canal.


RESUMO A inversão uterina é uma complicação incomum do puerpério e é uma complicação ainda mais rara do período não puerperal. Dessa forma, as inversões uterinas são classificadas em dois grupos, sendo as de origem puerperal decorrentes de problemas obstétricos e as inversões de origem não puerperal decorrentes de problemas ginecológicos. Em geral, a inversão uterina não puerperal decorre como uma possível complicação de um leiomioma submucoso — após o processo expansivo, ocorre a dilatação do colo uterino e, dessa forma, a sua protusão sobre o canal vaginal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Neoplasms/complications , Uterine Inversion/etiology , Leiomyoma/complications , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Inversion/surgery , Uterine Inversion/diagnostic imaging , Leiomyoma/surgery , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(8): 458-464, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Intraoperative frozen section (IFS) is a valuable resource, and its use in gynecological pathology has not been sufficiently emphasized. The main goal of the present study is to evaluate the reliability and agreement rates between IFS and the final paraffin section (PS) and determine how reliable IFS is. Methods A retrospective study of all IFSs performed on uterine tumors and suspicious adnexal masses between January 2012 and December 2016 (excluding metastases) at the department of obstetrics and gynecology of the Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu. Frozen versus permanent section diagnosis were compared regarding the histologic type of the tumor, and the depth of myometrial invasion. Results A total of 286 cases were eligible for the present study, including 102 (35.7%) IFSs of uterine tumors, and 184 (64.3%) IFSs of ovarian tumors. The overall rate of deferred cases was 5.2% (15/286). The accuracy of the diagnosis in cases of endometrial carcinoma was 96.25% (77/80). Among the ovarian tumors, misdiagnoses occurred in 2 cases (1.1%), corresponding to a borderline tumor (serous type) and a clear cell intracystic adenocarcinoma. Conclusion The IFS analysis plays an important role in selected situations and is associated to a high sensitivity and specificity in cases of ovarian and endometrial tumors. Its high accuracy is almost universally associated with the possibility of obtaining an optimal surgical treatment at the time of the first surgical approach.


Resumo Objetivo O diagnóstico intraoperatório por congelação é umrecurso importante cujo uso empatologia ginecológica não tem sido suficientemente enfatizado. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar as taxas de concordância entre o diagnóstico intraoperatório por congelação e o estudo anatomopatológico definitivo e determinar o quanto o diagnóstico intraoperatório por congelação é um método confiável. Métodos Um estudo retrospectivo de todos os diagnósticos intraoperatórios por congelação realizados em tumores uterinos e massas anexiais suspeitas entre janeiro e 2012 e dezembro de 2016 (excluindo metástases) no serviço de ginecologia e obstetrícia do Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu. Comparação do diagnóstico intraoperatório por congelação com o resultado do estudo definitivo em relação ao tipo histológico do tumor e profundidade de invasão miometrial. Resultados Um total de 286 casos foram elegíveis para o estudo, incluindo 102 (35.7%) tumores uterinos e 184 (64.3%) tumores ovarianos. A taxa global de casos deferidos foi de 5.2% (15/286). Entre os tumores uterinos, a acuidade de diagnóstico nos casos de carcinoma endometrial foi de 96.25% (77/80). Entre os tumores ovarianos, não se verificou concordância em 2 casos (1.1%), correspondendo a um tumor borderline do tipo seroso e a um adenocarcinoma de células claras intracístico. Conclusão O diagnóstico intraoperatório por congelação apresenta-se com um importante papel em situações selecionadas, sendo acompanhado de elevada taxa de sensibilidade e especificidade para tumores endometriais e ovarianos. A sua elevada acuidade diagnóstica encontra-se associada à possibilidade de obter um tratamento cirúrgico adequado na primeira abordagem cirúrgica


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Frozen Sections , Intraoperative Care , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(2): 194-198, abr. 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959503

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los sarcomas primarios de vagina son extremadamente raros especialmente durante la gestación. Se presenta el caso de una gestante de 25+2 semanas que acude a urgencias con clínica de sangrado vaginal objetivándose a la exploración una formación nodular dependiente de pared vaginal derecha. Dada la clínica se reseca en quirófano con el hallazgo histopatológico de leiomiosarcoma. A la gestante se le realiza sin incidencias una cesárea en la semana 34 de gestación, previa maduración pulmonar fetal, completándose en el puerperio inmediato el estudio de extensión sin encontrarse ningún hallazgo relevante. Finalmente, se somete a la paciente a una histerectomía y salpinguectomía bilateral con preservación ovárica. El seguimiento y los controles sucesivos de la gestante en los meses posteriores muestran ausencia de enfermedad.


ABSTRACT Primary sarcomas of the vagina are extremely rare, especially during pregnancy. We report a case of a 25-week-pregnant who came to emergency room complaining of vaginal bleeding. Pelvic examination revealed a globular mass located on the right vaginal wall. Given the persistent bleeding, resection of the mass was performed. The specimen was sent to pathology and confirmed to be a leiomyosarcoma. At 34-weeks of pregnancy after fetal lung maturation a cesarean section is done. It was completed the extension study during immediate postpartum without any relevant finding. Finally, she had a totally hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy with ovarian preservation. Clinical follow-up over the following months shows no evidence of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/therapy , Vaginal Neoplasms/pathology , Leiomyosarcoma/diagnosis , Leiomyosarcoma/therapy , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Leiomyosarcoma/pathology
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 476-480, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891434

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This article presents the first series of robotic single-port hysterectomy cases performed at a hospital in Brazil. Methods: From November 2014 to October 2016, 11 patients were indicated to undergo, and nine of them were submitted to single-port hysterectomy using da Vinci Single-Site® platform. However, in two patients, due to multiple previous abdominal surgeries, large uterine volume, and/or a uterus with no mobility, a pneumoperitoneum was performed with a Verres needle, and the pelvic cavity was assessed using a 5mm optics endoscope. In these cases, single-port surgery was not recommended; therefore, multiportal robotic access was chosen, and no intercurrent events were reported. Nine single-port cases were operated on by the same surgeon at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Patient data analyzed included age, body mass index, previous surgeries, and clinical diagnosis. Surgical data included operative time, skin incision, report of intraoperative complications, need for conversion to laparotomy, need for transfer to intensive care unit, need for blood transfusion, inadvertent injury to other organs, length of hospital stay, and death. Results: All cases were completed with da Vinci Single-Site® system, with no intercurrent events. Four patients presented with adenomyosis as the surgical indication, two had uterine myoma, one endometrial cancer, one endometrial polyp, and one desquamative inflammatory vaginitis. The mean age of patients was 44 years (range, 40 to 54 years), and body mass index varied between 23.4 and 33.2kg/m2 (mean 26.4). No complications occurred in any of the cases, such as intestinal or bladder injury, bleeding, or the need for a second surgery. All nine procedures were completed with the robotic single-port access, and no patient required a blood transfusion. Conclusion: Although this study merely presented an initial series of patients submitted to robotic single-port surgery, it demonstrated that the method is feasible and safe, suggesting the possible use of this technique in elective hysterectomy and other gynecological procedures in the future, as described in large reference centers of advanced surgery worldwide. Specifically, in gynecological practice, existing evidence on the use of robot-assisted, single-port surgery seems promising, and although it is not indicated in all cases, it should be considered as a surgical option. Nonetheless, further randomized and controlled clinical studies are necessary to establish the preeminence of robot-assisted, single-port surgery versus single-incision and conventional laparoscopy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar a primeira série de casos de histerectomia usando sistema robótico de portal único (single-port) em hospital no Brasil. Métodos: No período de novembro de 2014 a outubro 2016, de modo inédito no Brasil, 11 pacientes tiveram indicação inicial e 9 delas foram submetidas à histerectomia por portal único, com a plataforma da Vinci Single-Site®. Em duas pacientes, devido a múltiplas cirurgias abdominais prévias, grande volume uterino e/ou útero sem mobilidade, optou-se pela instalação de pneumoperitônio com agulha de Verres e inspeção da cavidade pélvica com ótica de 5mm, constatando-se, nestes casos, não ser viável a cirurgia por single-port, levando-se, assim, à opção pela técnica robótica multiportal, sem intercorrências. Os nove casos single-port foram operados por um mesmo cirurgião, no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Os dados analisados das pacientes foram idade, índice de massa corporal, cirurgias anteriores e diagnóstico clínico. Os dados relacionados à cirurgia foram tempo operatório, incisão da pele, registro de complicações intraoperatórias, necessidade de conversão para laparotomia, necessidade de transferência para unidade de terapia intensiva, necessidade de transfusão sanguínea, lesão inadivertida de outros órgãos, tempo de internação e óbito. Resultados: Todos os casos foram concluídos sem intercorrências com a plataforma da Vinci Single-Site®. Quatro pacientes apresentavam adenomiose como indicação cirúrgica, duas apresentavam mioma uterino, uma câncer de endométrio, um pólipo endometrial e uma hidrorreia. A média de idade das pacientes foi 44 anos (variando de 40 a 54 anos) e o índice de massa corporal variou entre 23,4 a 33,2kg/m2 (média de 26,4). Nenhum caso teve qualquer tipo de complicação, como lesão intestinal ou vesical, sangramento ou necessidade de reabordagem cirúrgica. Todos os nove procedimentos foram concluídos com o portal único robótico, e nenhuma paciente necessitou de transfusão sanguínea. Conclusão: Apesar deste trabalho apresentar apenas uma série inicial de pacientes operadas por portal único robótico, ele demonstra a factibilidade do método e indica a possibilidade futura de adotar esta técnica em histerectomias eletivas e em outros procedimentos ginecológicos, assim como descrito em grandes centros de referência em cirurgia avançada no mundo. Especificamente na prática ginecológica, a evidência existente sobre o uso de portal único robô-assistido parece ser promissora e, ainda que nem todos os casos tenham indicação, é necessário que exista esta opção no arsenal cirúrgico. No entanto, estudos clínicos aleatorizados e controlados são necessários, a fim de se estabelecer a superioridade da cirurgia robótica por portal único diante da cirurgia laparoscópica com incisão única e da cirurgia laparoscópica convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hysterectomy/methods , Pneumoperitoneum , Umbilicus/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Operative Time , Leiomyoma/surgery , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
12.
Clinics ; 72(10): 637-641, Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890682

ABSTRACT

Uterine leiomyoma is the most frequently occurring solid pelvic tumor in women during the reproductive period. Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound is a promising technique for decreasing menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea in symptomatic women. The aim of this study is to review the role of Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of uterine fibroids in symptomatic patients. We performed a review of the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases up to April 2016. The analysis and data collection were performed using the following keywords: Leiomyoma, High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Ultrasonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Menorrhagia. Two reviewers independently performed a quality assessment; when there was a disagreement, a third reviewer was consulted. Nineteen studies of Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound-treated fibroid patients were selected. The data indicated that tumor size was reduced and that symptoms were improved after treatment. There were few adverse effects, and they were not severe. Some studies have reported that in some cases, additional sessions of Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound or other interventions, such as myomectomy, uterine artery embolization or even hysterectomy, were necessary. This review suggests that Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound is a safe and effective technique. However, additional evidence from future studies will be required before the technique can be recommended as an alternative treatment for fibroids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation/methods , Leiomyoma/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional/methods , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Hysterectomy/methods , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Leiomyoma/pathology , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Burden , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology
13.
Clinics ; 72(5): 284-288, May 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840073

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Doppler ultrasonography can be used to assess neoangiogenesis, a characteristic feature of postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. However, there is limited information on whether uterine artery Doppler flow velocimetry parameters can predict gestational trophoblastic neoplasia following a complete hydatidiform mole. The purpose of this study was as follows: 1) to compare uterine blood flow before and after complete mole evacuation between women who developed postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and those who achieved spontaneous remission, 2) to assess the usefulness of uterine Doppler parameters as predictors of postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and to determine the best parameters and cutoff values for predicting postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 246 patients with a complete mole who were treated at three different trophoblastic diseases centers between 2013 and 2014. The pulsatility index, resistivity index, and systolic/diastolic ratio were measured by Doppler flow velocimetry before and 4-6 weeks after molar evacuation. Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon’s test, logistic regression, and ROC analysis. RESULTS: No differences in pre- and post-evacuation Doppler measurements were observed in patients who developed postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. In those with spontaneous remission, the pulsatility index and systolic/diastolic ratio were increased after evacuation. The pre- and post-evacuation pulsatility indices were significantly lower in patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (odds ratio of 13.9-30.5). A pre-evacuation pulsatility index ≤1.38 (77% sensitivity and 82% specificity) and post-evacuation pulsatility index ≤1.77 (79% sensitivity and 86% specificity) were significantly predictive of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. CONCLUSIONS: Uterine Doppler flow velocimetry measurements, particularly pre- and post-molar evacuation pulsatility indices, can be useful for predicting postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnostic imaging , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/physiopathology , Hydatidiform Mole/surgery , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Uterine Artery/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Artery/physiopathology , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Blood Flow Velocity/physiology , Chorionic Gonadotropin/blood , Gestational Age , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/blood supply , Hydatidiform Mole/complications , Hydatidiform Mole/physiopathology , Logistic Models , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Uterine Neoplasms/complications , Uterine Neoplasms/physiopathology , Uterus/blood supply , Uterus/physiopathology
14.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 81(2): 130-134, abr. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-780548

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: La prevalencia de los miomas uterinos en la gestación es de 0,3 a 2,6% de los cuales un 10% se complican durante el embarazo. El manejo quirúrgico de los miomas en la gestación se reserva solo para los casos complicados. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 36 años, primigesta, que consulta a las 11 semanas de gestación por cuadro de distensión abdominal, edema en extremidades inferiores y sangrado vaginal escaso. El examen físico y la ecografía evidencia un mioma de 23 cm de diámetro y saco gestacional con embrión vivo a nivel de hipocondrio izquierdo. En controles posteriores la paciente empeora clínicamente debido al crecimiento del mioma, presentado dolor abdominal intenso, aumento de edemas en ambas extremidades inferiores. Los estudios de imagen informan ectasia pielocalicial bilateral y compresión de venas ilíacas. Ante los hallazgos y clínica se realiza miomectomía sin incidencias a las 14 semanas de gestación. El postoperatorio y controles posteriores son normales y se programa cesárea a las 37 semanas de gestación. DISCUSIÓN: La miomectomía en la gestación conlleva riesgos de hemorragia y aborto. Se reserva para casos puntuales que no respondan al manejo expectante. La recomendación actual y la experiencia indican que se debe realizar en el segundo trimestre de gestación. CONCLUSIÓN: La miomectomía en la gestación es una técnica que se debe plantear en casos seleccionados y que presenta pocas complicaciones.


BACKGROUND: The prevalence of uterine fibroids in pregnancy is 0.3 to 2.6%, 10% of which complicate during pregnancy. The surgical management of fibroids in pregnant women is reserved for complicated cases. CASE REPORT: The patient is 36 years old, first pregnancy, consulting at 11 weeks of gestation with bloating, edema in the lower extremities and mild vaginal bleeding. Physical examination and ultrasound evidence a 23 cm diameter fibroid and gestational sac with live embryo in the left upper abdominal quadrant. In subsequent tests the patient worsens clinically due to fibroid growth, presenting intense abdominal pain, increased edema in both lower extremities. Imaging studies report pyelocalyceal bilateral ectasia and compression of iliac veins. Given these findings and symptoms a myomectomy is performed without incidents at 14 weeks of gestation. Postoperative and subsequent tests are normal and caesarean section is preformed at 37 weeks of gestation. DISCUSSION: myomectomy in pregnancy carries risks of bleeding and abortion. It is reserved for cases that do not respond to expectant management. The current recommendation and experience indicate that it has to be performed in the second trimester. CONCLUSION: Myomectomy in pregnancy is a technique that should be considered in selected cases and has few complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Myomectomy/methods , Myoma/surgery , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cesarean Section , Myoma/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 61(5): 446-451, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766253

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: to describe the initial results of a laparoscopic single port access hysterectomy and also to evaluate the feasibility and safety of this access. Methods: a prospective study was performed at a tertiary university medical center (Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo) between March 2013 and June 2014. A total of 20 women, referred for hysterectomy due to benign uterine disease, were included in the study after they had signed an informed consent. Outcome measures, including operating time, blood loss, rate of complications, febrile morbidity, visual analogical pain score and length of hospital stay were registered. Results: mean patient age and body mass index (BMI) were 47.8 years and 27.15 kg/m2, respectively. Mean operating time was 165.5 min. Blood loss was minimal, with no blood transfusion. All procedures but one were successfully performed via a single incision and no post-operative complications occurred. We experienced one conversion to multiport laparoscopic hysterectomy due to extensive pelvic adhesions. There was no conversion to “open” total abdominal hysterectomy. None of the patients required narcotics or NSAD post-operatively. Conclusion: single-port hysterectomy is a feasible and safe technique, with no major complications.


Resumo Objetivo: descrever os resultados iniciais da histerectomia laparoscópica realizada através de punção umbilical única, além de avaliar a praticabilidade e segurança dessa via de acesso cirúrgico. Métodos: este estudo prospectivo foi realizado em um hospital universitário terciário (Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil) entre março de 2013 e junho de 2014. Um total de 20 mulheres candidatas à histerectomia por doenças uterinas benignas foram incluídas neste estudo, após terem assinado termo de consentimento informado. Foram analisados os resultados cirúrgicos, incluindo tempo de cirurgia, perda sanguínea, complicações, morbidade febril, dor pós-operatória e tempo de permanência hospitalar. Resultados: a média de idade e índice de massa corpórea das pacientes foi de 47.8 anos e 27.15 kg/m2, respectivamente. O tempo cirúrgico médio foi de 165.5 minutos. A perda sanguínea foi mínima, sem necessidade de transfusão em nenhuma paciente. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados satisfatoriamente, apenas um caso necessitou de conversão cirúrgica para laparoscopia convencional (com 3 punções abdominais) por múltiplas aderências, porém sem necessidade de realização de laparotomia e não houveram complicações pós-cirúrgicas. Nenhuma paciente deste estudo solicitou administração de medicação analgésica adicional no pós-operatório. Conclusão: a histerectomia com acesso único umbilical é um procedimento factível e seguro, sem maiores complicações.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Hysterectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Leiomyoma/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Hysterectomy/instrumentation , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Organ Size , Pain, Postoperative/classification , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Uterus/pathology
18.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 80(5): 405-411, ago. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764072

ABSTRACT

El coriocarcinoma es una patología infrecuente pero potencialmente fatal si no se trata. Se incluye dentro de las neoplasias trofoblásticas gestacionales, un grupo de tumores malignos altamente invasivos, metastáticos y muy vascularizados. Su presentación tras una gestación a término conlleva peor pronóstico que tras un aborto o una mola hidatiforme porque refleja un retraso en el diagnóstico y tratamiento. Describimos el caso de una paciente que acudió al servicio de urgencias, refiriendo metrorragia escasa desde un parto normal hace dos meses y posteriormente presentó un sangrado grave durante su hospitalización. Los elevados niveles de β-hCG, la ecografía-Doppler, las pruebas de imagen y las manifestaciones clínicas fueron suficientes para diagnosticar un coriocarcinoma postparto. El tratamiento precoz con poliquimioterápicos permitió una evolución favorable de la paciente.


Choriocarcinoma is an infrequent disease but potentially fatal if untreated. It is included in trophoblastic gestational neoplasia, a range of malignant tumors highly invasive, metastatic and very vascular. Its presentation after term pregnancies carries a worse prognosis than after a miscarriage or a hydatidiform mole because it reflects a delay in diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a patient who presented to the emergency department referring little metrorrhagia from a normal delivery two months ago and severe bleeding later during her hospital stay. The high serum β-hCG level, the Doppler ultrasonography, the imaging test and the clinical manifestation were enough to diagnose a non-metastatic postpartum choriocarcinoma. Early treatment with polychemotherapy allowed a favorable evolution of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Choriocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Choriocarcinoma/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Trophoblastic Neoplasms , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/surgery , Postpartum Period , Hysterectomy , Metrorrhagia/etiology
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(3): 234-241, 03/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742782

ABSTRACT

Background: Although exercise training is known to promote post-exercise hypotension, there is currently no consistent argument about the effects of manipulating its various components (intensity, duration, rest periods, types of exercise, training methods) on the magnitude and duration of hypotensive response. Objective: To compare the effect of continuous and interval exercises on hypotensive response magnitude and duration in hypertensive patients by using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Methods: The sample consisted of 20 elderly hypertensives. Each participant underwent three ABPM sessions: one control ABPM, without exercise; one ABPM after continuous exercise; and one ABPM after interval exercise. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and double product (DP) were monitored to check post-exercise hypotension and for comparison between each ABPM. Results: ABPM after continuous exercise and after interval exercise showed post-exercise hypotension and a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in SBP, DBP, MAP and DP for 20 hours as compared with control ABPM. Comparing ABPM after continuous and ABPM after interval exercise, a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in SBP, DBP, MAP and DP was observed in the latter. Conclusion: Continuous and interval exercise trainings promote post-exercise hypotension with reduction in SBP, DBP, MAP and DP in the 20 hours following exercise. Interval exercise training causes greater post-exercise hypotension and lower cardiovascular overload as compared with continuous exercise. .


Fundamento: Embora se saiba que o exercício promova hipotensão pós-exercício, até o momento não há argumentações consistentes sobre os efeitos da manipulação de seus diversos componentes (intensidade, duração, intervalos de descanso, tipos de exercício, métodos de treinamento) na magnitude e duração da resposta hipotensora. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos dos exercícios dinâmicos, contínuo e intervalado, sobre a magnitude e duração da resposta hipotensora em hipertensos por meio da monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA). Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 20 idosos hipertensos. Cada participante realizou três sessões de MAPA, sendo uma controle (sem exercício), uma após exercício contínuo e uma após exercício intervalado. O monitoramento de pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD), pressão arterial média (PAM), frequência cardíaca (FC) e duplo produto (DP) foi realizado para verificação da hipotensão pós-exercício e comparação entre cada MAPA. Resultados: As MAPAs após exercício contínuo e intervalado demonstraram hipotensão pós-exercício e redução significativa (p < 0,05) de PAS, PAD, PAM e DP por 20 horas, na comparação com a MAPA controle. Na comparação entre as MAPAs após exercício contínuo e intervalado, verificou-se redução significativa (p < 0,05) de PAS, PAD, PAM e DP após exercício intervalado. Conclusão: Os exercícios contínuo e intervalado promovem hipotensão pós-exercício, com redução significativa de PAS, PAD, PAM e DP ao longo das 20 horas subsequentes à atividade. O exercício intervalado gera maior magnitude de hipotensão pós-exercício e menor sobrecarga cardiovascular, medida por menor DP. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Endosonography , Hydatidiform Mole, Invasive , Uterine Neoplasms , Abortion, Spontaneous/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human/blood , Dilatation and Curettage , Hydatidiform Mole, Invasive/blood supply , Hydatidiform Mole, Invasive/drug therapy , Hydatidiform Mole, Invasive/surgery , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Reoperation , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Uterine Neoplasms/blood supply , Uterine Neoplasms/drug therapy , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery
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