Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 111
Filter
1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e07014, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360625

ABSTRACT

A retrospective study of poxvirus infections diagnosed in cattle from Goiás state (GO), Brazil, from 2010 to 2018, was performed. All cases have been investigated by the GO Official Veterinary Service (Agrodefesa), from which technical forms and protocols of veterinary diagnosis laboratories were reviewed. In most cases, samples of oral or cutaneous tissues and/or swabs were submitted for virological diagnosis by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and/or virus isolation. Thirty seven outbreaks/cases of vesicular disease were notified in cattle of 25 counties; in 33 cases the animals presented lesions clinically compatible with poxviruses. The etiology of 25 out of 33 outbreaks/cases was confirmed as poxviruses by PCR and/or viral isolation: 13 as bovine vaccinia virus (VACV), six as pseudocowpox virus (PCPV), five as bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV) and one coinfection (VACV and an Orf virus-like parapoxvirus). The laboratory confirmed that cases occurred mainly in dairy cattle (19/25) and during the dry season (22/25). In adult cattle, gross changes were observed mainly in the teats and udder and included vesicles, ulcers, crusts, papules and scars and varied of type, severity and affected region, depending on the poxvirus species. In calves, the main lesions were ulcers in the mouth and muzzle. Zoonotic lesions compatible with poxvirus infections were observed for all diagnosed poxviruses, affecting especially the hands of milkers and other farm workers. Our data demonstrate the sanitary and economic relevance of these diseases and the wide circulation of different poxviruses in cattle from GO.(AU)


Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo das infecções por poxvírus diagnosticadas em bovinos do estado de Goiás (GO), entre 2010 e 2018. Todos os casos foram investigados pela Agência Goiana de Defesa Agropecuária (Agrodefesa). Foram revisados formulários técnicos e protocolos de laboratórios de diagnóstico veterinário. Na maioria dos casos, amostras de tecidos orais ou cutâneos e/ou swabs foram encaminhadas para diagnóstico virológico. Foram notificados 37 surtos/casos de doença vesicular em bovinos em 25 municípios; em 33 casos os animais apresentavam lesões clinicamente compatíveis com poxvírus. A etiologia de 25 de 33 surtos/casos foi confirmada como poxvírus por PCR e/ou isolamento viral: 13 como vírus vaccínia (VACV), seis como vírus pseudocowpox (PCPV), cinco como vírus da estomatite papular bovina (BPSV) e um caso de coinfecção (VACV e um parapoxvírus semelhante ao Orf vírus). Os casos confirmados laboratorialmente ocorreram principalmente em bovinos leiteiros (19/25) e durante a estação seca (22/25). Em bovinos adultos, alterações macroscópicas foram observadas principalmente nas tetas e úbere e incluíram vesículas, úlceras, crostas, pápulas e cicatrizes e variaram quanto ao tipo, gravidade e região afetada, dependendo da espécie do poxvírus. Em bezerros, as principais lesões foram úlceras na boca e focinho. Lesões zoonóticas compatíveis com infecção por poxvírus foram observadas em todas as poxviroses diagnosticadas, afetando principalmente as mãos dos ordenhadores e outros trabalhadores rurais. Nossos dados demonstram a relevância sanitária e econômica dessas doenças e a ampla circulação de diferentes poxvírus em bovinos de GO.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Vaccinia virus/isolation & purification , Parapoxvirus/isolation & purification , Pseudocowpox Virus/isolation & purification , Poxviridae Infections/diagnosis , Poxviridae Infections/pathology , Poxviridae Infections/epidemiology , Coinfection/veterinary , Viral Zoonoses
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(supl.2): 29-36, oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355757

ABSTRACT

Resumen | La viruela significó para las colonias americanas un proceso que desestabilizaba de forma dramática las dinámicas sociodemográficas de las colonias, lo que incentivó el desarrollo de estudios científicos sobre el virus causante. Cada libro acerca de la viruela en la biblioteca de Nariño constituyó una herramienta en la lucha contra el virus emprendida por el prócer. Tras la revisión del artículo "A propósito del bicentenario de la independencia de Colombia: las prácticas de lectura de Antonio Nariño y el desarrollo de una vacuna presuntamente efectiva contra la viruela" quise comentar y profundizar en torno al saber médico de Nariño mediante el acercamiento a las obras a las que recurrió para instruirse sobre la enfermedad. A partir de la semblanza de cada una de ellas, analicé el proceso de variolización en el Reino de la Nueva Granada y la necesidad de fabricar una vacuna propia.


Abstract | For the American colonies, smallpox implied a process that dramatically destabilized their sociodemographic dynamics, which explains why scientific development took place around the causative virus. Each book about smallpox in Nariño's library was a tool in the fight against smallpox undertaken by the founding father. After reviewing the article "About the bicentennial of the independence of Colombia: The reading practices of Antonio Nariño and the development of a vaccine that is presumably effective against smallpox", I set myself to study Antonio Nariño's medical knowledge further. Through the approach to the works that Nariño used to educate himself on smallpox and the development of a biographical sketch of each of them, I analyzed the process of variolization in the Kingdom of Nueva Granada and the need to manufacture a vaccine locally.


Subject(s)
Smallpox , Smallpox Vaccine , Variola virus , Vaccinia virus , Immunization , Epidemics
3.
San Salvador; MINSAL; oct.26, 2020. 37 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1140361

ABSTRACT

La Estrategia de Información, Educación y Comunicación (IEC) que se presenta, es clave para lograr una introducción exitosa de la vacuna contra el Virus del Papiloma Humano (VPH), toma en cuenta las principales líneas de actuación para el proceso de informar, educar y comunicar a los diferentes públicos meta, sobre la vacuna que por primera vez será administrada por el Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS) del país, dentro del Esquema Nacional de Vacunación de El Salvador


The Information, Education and Communication Strategy (IEC) that is presented is key to achieving a successful introduction of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine, it takes into account the main lines of action for the process of informing, educating and communicate to the different target audiences about the vaccine that for the first time will be administered by the National Integrated Health System (SNIS) of the country, within the National Vaccination Scheme of El Salvador


Subject(s)
Papillomaviridae , Vaccinia virus , Vaccination
4.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200521, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154870

ABSTRACT

Outbreaks of a vesiculopustular disease in dairy cattle and milkers have been frequently reported in Brazil since 1999 when the vaccinia virus strain Cantagalo was first isolated in the State of Rio de Janeiro. However, the genomic diversity of the viral isolates associated with these outbreaks is not well known, particularly in the southeastern states that represent the focal point of virus spread to other regions. Here, we report the genomic sequences and an analysis of the polymorphic site profiles and genotypic diversity of four clinical isolates of vaccinia virus strain Cantagalo collected from 1999 to 2006 in southeastern Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Vaccinia/veterinary , Vaccinia/epidemiology , Vaccinia virus/genetics , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Phylogeny , Brazil/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Genomics
5.
Immune Network ; : e38-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717672

ABSTRACT

Herpes zoster (HZ), or shingles, is caused by the reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) from the sensory ganglia when VZV-specific T-cell immunity is decreased because of aging or immunosuppression. In the present study, we developed HZ DNA vaccine candidates encoding VZV proteins and cytokine adjuvants, such as IL-7 and IL-33. We immunized C57BL/6 mice with DNA plasmids encoding VZV glycoprotein E (gE), immediate early (IE) 63, or IE62 proteins and found that robust VZV protein-specific T-cell responses were elicited by HZ DNA vaccination. Co-administration of DNA plasmids encoding IL-7 or IL-33 in HZ DNA vaccination significantly enhanced the magnitude of VZV protein-specific T-cell responses. Protective immunity elicited by HZ DNA vaccination was proven by challenge experiments with a surrogate virus, vaccinia virus expressing gE (VV-gE). A single dose of HZ DNA vaccine strongly boosted gE-specific T-cell responses in mice with a history of previous infection by VV-gE. Thus, HZ DNA vaccines with IL-7 and IL-33 adjuvants strongly elicit protective immunity.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , DNA , Ganglia, Sensory , Glycoproteins , Herpes Zoster , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Immunosuppression Therapy , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-7 , Mice , Plasmids , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccination , Vaccines, DNA , Vaccinia virus
6.
Immune Network ; : 233-241, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97831

ABSTRACT

DCs, like the sensory neurons, express vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1). Here we demonstrate that the VR1 agonists, capsaicin (CP) and resiniferatoxin (RTX), enhance antiviral CTL responses by increasing MHC class I-restricted viral antigen presentation in dendritic cells (DCs). Bone marrow-derived DCs (BM-DCs) were infected with a recombinant vaccinia virus (VV) expressing OVA (VV-OVA), and then treated with CP or RTX. Both CP and RTX increased MHC class I-restricted presentation of virus-encoded endogenous OVA in BM-DCs. Oral administration of CP or RTX significantly increased MHC class I-restricted OVA presentation by splenic and lymph node DCs in VV-OVA-infected mice, as assessed by directly measuring OVA peptide SIINFEKL-Kb complexes on the cell surface and by performing functional assays using OVA-specific CD8 T cells. Accordingly, oral administration of CP or RTX elicited potent OVA-specific CTL activity in VV-OVA-infected mice. The results from this study demonstrate that VR1 agonists enhance anti-viral CTL responses, as well as a neuro-immune connection in anti-viral immune responses.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Antigen Presentation , Capsaicin , Dendritic Cells , Lymph Nodes , Mice , Ovum , Sensory Receptor Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccinia virus
7.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 507-514, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296255

ABSTRACT

For rapid and accurate screening of recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara (rMVA) that satisfied the quality standards of clinical trials, a novel shuttle vector that can delete the marker gene automatically during virus propagation was construted: pZL-EGFP. To construct the pZL-EGFP, the original shuttle vector pSC11 was modified by replacing the LacZ marker gene with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and then inserting homologous sequences of TKL into the flank regions of EGFP. Baby hamster kidney (BHK)-21 cells were cotransfected with pZL-EGFP and MVA, and underwent ten passages and one plaque screening to obtain the EGFP-free rMVA carrying the exogenous gene. Resulting rMVA was tested by polymerase chain reaction and western blotting to verify pZL-EGFP function. A novel shuttle vector pZL-EGFP containing an EGFP marker gene which could be deleted automatically was constructed. This gene deletion had no effect on the activities of rMVA, and the exogenous gene could be expressed stably. These results suggest that rMVA can be packaged efficiently by homologous recombination between pZL-EGFP and MVA in BHK-21 cells, and that the carried EGFP gene can be removed automatically by intramolecular homologous recombination during virus passage. Meanwhile, the gene deletion had no influence on the activities of rMVA and the expression of exogenous target gene. This study lays a solid foundation for the future research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Cricetinae , Epithelial Cells , Virology , Gene Deletion , Genetic Engineering , Methods , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Metabolism , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Recombination, Genetic , Vaccinia , Virology , Vaccinia virus , Genetics , Physiology , Virus Replication
8.
Immune Network ; : 219-225, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103514

ABSTRACT

We examined the immunogenicity of H-2 class I-restricted and HLA-A2-restricted epitopes through peptide immunization of HLA-A2-transgenic mice that also express mouse H-2 class I molecules. All four of the tested epitopes restricted by H-2 class I robustly elicited T-cell responses, but four of seven epitopes restricted by HLA-A2 did not induce T-cell responses, showing that HLA-A2-restricted peptide epitopes tend to be poorly immunogenic in HLA-A2-transgenic mice. This finding was confirmed in HLA-A2-transgenic mice infected with a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing hepatitis C virus proteins. We examined the precursor frequency of epitope-specific naive CD8+ T cells in HLA-A2-transgenic and conventional C57BL/6 mice and found that the poor immunogenicity of HLA-A2-restricted peptide epitopes is related to the paucity of naive CD8+ T-cell precursors in HLA-A2-transgenic mice. These results provide direction for the improvement of mouse models to study epitope repertoires and the immunodominance of human T-cell responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epitopes , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte , Hepacivirus , HLA-A2 Antigen , Humans , Immunization , Mice , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccinia virus
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247070

ABSTRACT

While presenting biological characteristics of vaccinia virus and laboratory-acquired infections during related research processes, this paper focuses on benefits and risks of vaccinia virus immunization in relation to laboratory-acquired infections, describes characteristics and the adaptation of vaccinia virus vaccine, analyses the role vaccinia virus immunization plays in the prevention and control of laboratory-acquired infections, and finally proposes solutions and countermeasures to further promote and implement immune control strategies. The problem related to immune strategy and laboratory- acquired infections which is being raised, analyzed and explored plays an active and instructive role in vaccinia virus related researches and laboratory- acquired infections, and also helps to recommend and develop relevant immune strategy for future vaccine control of such infections.


Subject(s)
Contraindications , Humans , Smallpox Vaccine , Vaccination , Reference Standards , Vaccinia , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccinia virus , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 645-651, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280314

ABSTRACT

To optimize the immunization strategy against HIV-1, a DNA vaccine was combined with a recombinant vaccinia virus (rTV) vaccine and a protein vaccine. Immune responses against HIV-1 were detected in 30 female guinea pigs divided into six groups. Three groups of guinea pigs were primed with HIV-1 DNA vaccine three times, boosted with rTV at week 14, and then boosted with gp140 protein at intervals of 4, 8 or 12 weeks. Simultaneously, the other three groups of animals were primed with rTV vaccine once, and then boosted with gp140 after 4, 8 or 12 weeks. The HIV-1 specific binding antibody and neutralizing antibody, in addition to the relative affinity of these antibodies, were detected at different time points after the final administration of vaccine in each group. The DNA-rTV-gp140 immune regimen induced higher titers and affinity levels of HIV-1 gp120/gp140 antibodies and stronger V1V2-gp70 antibodies than the rTV-gp140 regimen. In the guinea pigs that underwent the DNA-rTV-gp140 regimen, the highest V1V2-gp70 antibody was induced in the 12-week-interval group. However, the avidity of antibodies was improved in the 4-week-interval group. Using the rTV-gp140 immunization strategy, guinea pigs boosted at 8 or 12 weeks after rTV priming elicited stronger humoral responses than those boosted at 4 weeks after priming. In conclusion, this study shows that the immunization strategy of HIV-1 DNA vaccine priming, followed by rTV and protein vaccine boosting, could strengthen the humoral response against HIV-1. Longer intervals were better to induce V1V2-gp70-specific antibodies, while shorter intervals were more beneficial to enhance the avidity of antibodies.


Subject(s)
AIDS Vaccines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Guinea Pigs , HIV Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , HIV-1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunization , Methods , Vaccines, DNA , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccinia virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(5): 554-562, ago. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680770

ABSTRACT

Interfering with cellular signal transduction pathways is a common strategy used by many viruses to create a propitious intracellular environment for an efficient replication. Our group has been studying cellular signalling pathways activated by the orthopoxviruses Vaccinia (VACV) and Cowpox (CPXV) and their significance to viral replication. In the present study our aim was to investigate whether the GTPase Rac1 was an upstream signal that led to the activation of MEK/ERK1/2, JNK1/2 or Akt pathways upon VACV or CPXV' infections. Therefore, we generated stable murine fibroblasts exhibiting negative dominance to Rac1-N17 to evaluate viral growth and the phosphorylation status of ERK1/2, JNK1/2 and Akt. Our results demonstrated that VACV replication, but not CPXV, was affected in dominant-negative (DN) Rac1-N17 cell lines in which viral yield was reduced in about 10-fold. Viral late gene expression, but not early, was also reduced. Furthermore, our data showed that Akt phosphorylation was diminished upon VACV infection in DN Rac1-N17 cells, suggesting that Rac1 participates in the phosphoinositide-3 kinase pathway leading to the activation of Akt. In conclusion, our results indicate that while Rac1 indeed plays a role in VACV biology, perhaps another GTPase may be involved in CPXV replication.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cowpox virus/physiology , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Signal Transduction/physiology , Vaccinia virus/physiology , Virus Replication/physiology , rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/physiology , Chlorocebus aethiops , Phosphorylation/physiology , Vero Cells , rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(7): 860-866, jul. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-683228

ABSTRACT

Cases of vesicular and exanthematic disease by Vaccinia virus (VACV) have been reported in dairy herds of several Brazilian regions, occasionally also affecting humans. The present article describes eight outbreaks of vesicular disease caused by VACV in dairy herds of six counties of Goiás state, Midwestern Brazil (2010-2012), involving a total of 122 cows, 12 calves and 11 people. Dairy cows (3 to 9 years old) were affected in all cases and calves (2 to 9 months old) were affected in five outbreaks, presenting oral lesions. The morbidity ranged between 8 and 100% in cows, and 1.5 to 31% in calves. In the cows, the clinical signs started with vesicles (2-7mm), painful and coalescent papules (3-8 mm), which resulted in ulcers (5-25mm) and scabs in teats, and, occasionally, in the muzzle. The clinical course lasted from 16 to 26 days. The histopathology of bovine skin samples revealed superficial perivascular inflammatory infiltrate of lymphocytes, plasma cells, neutrophils, macrophages and multifocal areas of acanthosis, spongiosis, hipergranulosis and parakeratotic or orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis with adjacent focally extensive ulcers. Eosinophilic inclusion bodies were noted in the cytoplasm of the keratinocytes. PCR to vgf gene of Orthopoxvirus was positive in samples collected from all outbreaks, and in some cases, genomic VACV sequences were identified by nucleotide sequencing of the PCR amplicons. Infectious virus was isolated in cell culture from scabs from one outbreak. Antibodies to Orthopoxvirus were detected in at least 3 or 4 animals in most outbreaks, by ELISA (outbreaks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7) or virus-neutralization (outbreak 6). Neutralizing titers ranging from 8 to 64 in outbreak 6. In all outbreaks, VACV infection was suspected based on the clinical and pathological findings and it was confirmed by laboratory tests. Upon the etiological confirmation, other agents associated with vesicular disease were discarded. In all outbreaks, at least one milker who handled the affected cows developed malaise, headache, fever, painful vesico-pustular lesions mainly in the hands, but also in the neck and nose. These results confirm the circulation of VACV in the region and call attention for a correct diagnosis and the adoption of prophylactic and control measures.


Casos de doença vesicular e exantemática associados ao Vaccinia virus (VACV) têm sido descritos em rebanhos leiteiros em diversas regiões do Brasil, ocasionalmente afetando também os ordenhadores. Este artigo descreve oito surtos de doença vesicular associados ao VACV ocorridos em rebanhos leiteiros de seis municípios do estado de Goiás (2010-2012), com o envolvimento de 122 vacas em lactação, de 12 bezerros e de 11 pessoas. Vacas em lactação (3-9 anos de idade) foram afetadas em todos os casos. Em cinco rebanhos, bezerros de 2-9 meses apresentaram lesões orais. A morbidade nos rebanhos variou entre oito e 100% (vacas) e entre 1,5 e 31% (bezerros). As lesões iniciavam como vesículas (2-7mm) ou pápulas doloridas e coalescentes (3-8mm), que progrediam para úlceras (5-25mm) e crostas, localizadas principalmente nas tetas e, eventualmente, no focinho das vacas. O curso clínico variou entre 16 e 26 dias. Histopatologia de amostras de pele coletadas de bovinos revelou dermatite perivascular superficial com infiltrado de linfócitos, neutrófilos, plasmócitos e macrófagos, além de áreas multifocais de acantose, espongiose, hipergranulose e hiperceratose ortoceratótica ou paraceratótica com úlceras focalmente extensas. No citoplasma dos ceratinócitos adjacentes às úlceras, observaram-se numerosos corpúsculos de inclusão eosinofílicos. Em todos os surtos, amostras de lesões cutâneas dos bovinos foram positivas para o gene vgf dos Orthopoxvirus por PCR, e em alguns casos, a identificação do VACV foi confirmada por sequenciamento de nucleotídeos dos amplicons. O vírus foi detectado por isolamento em cultivo celular em um dos surtos e, pelo menos 2 a 3 vacas por rebanho, apresentaram sorologia positiva para Orthopoxvirus pelos testes de ELISA (surtos 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 e 7) e soroneutralização (surto 6). No surto 6, os títulos de anticorpos neutralizantes variaram de 8 a 64. O diagnóstico da infecção pelo VACV, inicialmente suspeito com base nos achados clínicos e patológicos, foi confirmado em todos os surtos por exames laboratoriais. Em todos os surtos, pelo menos um ordenhador que teve contato com os bovinos afetados apresentou mal-estar geral, febre alta, dor de cabeça e lesões vesiculo-pustulosas doloridas, principalmente nas mãos, mas também no pescoço e nariz. Esses resultados confirmam a circulação do VACV no rebanho bovino da região centro-oeste, alertando para necessidade de diagnóstico correto e adoção de medidas profiláticas e de controle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Cattle/abnormalities , Cattle/virology , Blister/veterinary , Blister/virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Orthopoxvirus , Vaccinia virus/immunology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318099

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>By analyzing the status and characteristics of vaccinia virus laboratory-acquired infections in the bibliographical information, this paper provides relevant recommendations and measures for prevention and control of vaccinia virus laboratory-acquired infections in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Choosing PubMed, Embase, Biosis and SCIE, SSCI, CPCI-S as well as CPCI-SSH covered by Web of Science as the data source, indexing the bibliography of vaccinia virus laboratory-acquired infections, this paper analyzes the information on whether to vaccinate, the occurrence time of symptoms, diseasedparts, symptom characteristics and the disease-causing reasons.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The outcome shows that 52. 9% of the cases never get vaccinated, 82.4% engaged in vaccinia virus related researches never get vaccinated in 10 years, 52. 9% get infected by the accidental needlestick in hands during the process of handling animal experiments, 70. 6% of infections occur in the hands and having symptoms after being exposed with an average of 5. 1 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Although it is still controversial that whether or not to be vaccinated before carrying out vaccinia virus related works, it should be important aspects of prevention and control of vaccinia virus laboratory-acquired infections with the strict compliance with the operating requirements of the biosafety, by strengthening personal protection and timely taking emergency measures when unforeseen circumstances occur, as well as providing the research background information to doctors.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Laboratory Infection , Virology , Needlestick Injuries , Virology , Occupational Exposure , Vaccinia , Virology , Vaccinia virus
14.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 437-441, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339931

ABSTRACT

Orthopoxvirus vector has a broad prospect in recombinant vaccine research, but the rarely severe side-effect impedes its development. Vaccinia virus and Cowpox virus of Orthopoxvirus have broad host range, and they have typical host range genes as K1L, CP77 and C7L. These three genes affect host range of Vaccinia virus, disturb the cell signaling pathways, suppress immune response and are related to virulence.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cowpox virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence , Physiology , Genetic Vectors , Host Specificity , Genetics , Orthopoxvirus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Vaccines, Synthetic , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccinia virus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence , Physiology , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Viral Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39672

ABSTRACT

A recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) virus expressing mature viral protein 2 (VP2) of the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was constructed to develop MVA-based vaccines for poultry. We demonstrated that this recombinant virus was able to induce a specific immune response by observing the production of anti-IBDV-seroneutralizing antibodies in specific pathogen-free chickens. Besides, as the epitopes of VP2 responsible to induce IBDV-neutralizing antibodies are discontinuous, our results suggest that VP2 protein expressed from MVA-VP2 maintained the correct conformational structure. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the usefulness of MVA-based vectors for developing recombinant vaccines for poultry.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Birnaviridae Infections/prevention & control , Cells, Cultured , Chick Embryo , Chickens , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Infectious bursal disease virus/immunology , Poultry Diseases/prevention & control , Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms , Vaccinia virus/genetics , Viral Structural Proteins/genetics , Viral Vaccines/immunology
16.
Immune Network ; : 118-125, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216354

ABSTRACT

CD40-CD40L-mediated help from CD4 T cells is essential to induce primary CD8 T cell responses specific to the non-inflammatory cell-based antigen H60. In this study, using H60 as a model antigen, we generated recombinant vaccinia viruses (rVVs) expressing the H60 CD8 epitope and investigated whether CD4 help was required to activate the CD8 T cell response specific to the virally expressed H60. The immune response after infection with rVVs expressing H60 was similar to that after immunization with H60 congenic splenocytes, with a peak frequency of H60-specific CD8 T cells detected in the blood on day 10 post-infection. A CD8 T cell response specific for virally derived H60 was not induced in CD4-depleted mice, but was in CD40-deficient mice. These results provide insights into the characterization of the CD8 T cell response specifically for antigens originating from cellular sources compared to viral sources.


Subject(s)
Animals , Immunization , Mice , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccinia virus
17.
Immune Network ; : 268-280, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131312

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dengue virus, which belongs to the Flavivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family, causes fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) with infection risk of 2.5 billion people worldwide. However, approved vaccines are still not available. Here, we explored the immune responses induced by alternating prime-boost vaccination using DNA vaccine, adenovirus, and vaccinia virus expressing E protein of dengue virus type 2 (DenV2). METHODS: Following immunization with DNA vaccine (pDE), adenovirus (rAd-E), and/or vaccinia virus (VV-E) expressing E protein, E protein-specific IgG and its isotypes were determined by conventional ELISA. Intracellular CD154 and cytokine staining was used for enumerating CD4+ T cells specific for E protein. E protein-specific CD8+ T cell responses were evaluated by in vivo CTL killing activity and intracellular IFN-gamma staining. RESULTS: Among three constructs, VV-E induced the most potent IgG responses, Th1-type cytokine production by stimulated CD4+ T cells, and the CD8+ T cell response. Furthermore, when the three constructs were used for alternating prime-boost vaccination, the results revealed a different pattern of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses. i) Priming with VV-E induced higher E-specific IgG level but it was decreased rapidly. ii) Strong CD8+ T cell responses specific for E protein were induced when VV-E was used for the priming step, and such CD8+ T cell responses were significantly boosted with pDE. iii) Priming with rAd-E induced stronger CD4+ T cell responses which subsequently boosted with pDE to a greater extent than VV-E and rAd-E. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that priming with live viral vector vaccines could induce different patterns of E protein- specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses which were significantly enhanced by booster vaccination with the DNA vaccine. Therefore, our observation will provide valuable information for the establishment of optimal prime-boost vaccination against DenV.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Dengue , Severe Dengue , Dengue Virus , DNA , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flaviviridae , Flavivirus , Homicide , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Plasmids , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccination , Vaccines , Vaccinia virus
18.
Immune Network ; : 268-280, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131309

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dengue virus, which belongs to the Flavivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family, causes fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) with infection risk of 2.5 billion people worldwide. However, approved vaccines are still not available. Here, we explored the immune responses induced by alternating prime-boost vaccination using DNA vaccine, adenovirus, and vaccinia virus expressing E protein of dengue virus type 2 (DenV2). METHODS: Following immunization with DNA vaccine (pDE), adenovirus (rAd-E), and/or vaccinia virus (VV-E) expressing E protein, E protein-specific IgG and its isotypes were determined by conventional ELISA. Intracellular CD154 and cytokine staining was used for enumerating CD4+ T cells specific for E protein. E protein-specific CD8+ T cell responses were evaluated by in vivo CTL killing activity and intracellular IFN-gamma staining. RESULTS: Among three constructs, VV-E induced the most potent IgG responses, Th1-type cytokine production by stimulated CD4+ T cells, and the CD8+ T cell response. Furthermore, when the three constructs were used for alternating prime-boost vaccination, the results revealed a different pattern of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses. i) Priming with VV-E induced higher E-specific IgG level but it was decreased rapidly. ii) Strong CD8+ T cell responses specific for E protein were induced when VV-E was used for the priming step, and such CD8+ T cell responses were significantly boosted with pDE. iii) Priming with rAd-E induced stronger CD4+ T cell responses which subsequently boosted with pDE to a greater extent than VV-E and rAd-E. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that priming with live viral vector vaccines could induce different patterns of E protein- specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses which were significantly enhanced by booster vaccination with the DNA vaccine. Therefore, our observation will provide valuable information for the establishment of optimal prime-boost vaccination against DenV.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Dengue , Severe Dengue , Dengue Virus , DNA , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flaviviridae , Flavivirus , Homicide , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Plasmids , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccination , Vaccines , Vaccinia virus
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: JX-594 is an oncolytic virus derived from the Wyeth vaccinia strain that causes replication-dependent cytolysis and antitumor immunity. Starting with a cross-examination of clinical-trial samples from advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients having high levels of aldosterone and virus amplification in JX-594 treatment, we investigated the association between virus amplification and aldosterone in human cancer cell lines. METHODS: Cell proliferation was determined by a cell-counting-kit-based colorimetric assay, and vaccinia virus quantitation was performed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and a viral plaque assay. Also, the intracellular pH was measured using a pH-sensitive dye. RESULTS: Simultaneous treatment with JX-594 and aldosterone significantly increased viral replication in A2780, PC-3, and HepG2 cell lines, but not in U2OS cell lines. Furthermore, the aldosterone treatment time altered the JX-594 replication according to the cell line. The JX-594 replication peaked after 48 and 24 hours of treatment in PC-3 and HepG2 cells, respectively. qPCR showed that JX-594 entry across the plasma membrane was increased, however, the changes are not significant by the treatment. This was inhibited by treatment with spironolactone (an aldosterone-receptor inhibitor). JX-594 entry was significantly decreased by treatment with EIPA [5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride; a Na+/H+-exchange inhibitor], but aldosterone significantly restored JX-594 entry even in the presence of EIPA. Intracellular alkalization was observed after aldosterone treatment but was acidified by EIPA treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Aldosterone stimulates JX-594 amplification via increased virus entry by affecting the H+ gradient.


Subject(s)
Aldosterone/pharmacology , Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Amiloride/analogs & derivatives , Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/blood , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Hydrocortisone/blood , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Liver Neoplasms/blood , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Oncolytic Virotherapy , Rabbits , Spironolactone/pharmacology , Vaccinia virus/drug effects , Virus Replication/drug effects
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 926-934, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324485

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>A novel double expression shuttle vector named pLR-gpt was constructed for marker-free recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara generation. A delectable Eco gpt marker was adopted with Cre/LoxP DNA recombination system and a BHK-21 cell line that can express Cre enzyme. Eco gpt gene controlled by P7.5 promoter from Vaccinia virus was cloned between two LoxP sites in the same direction. Additionally, two multiple cloning site under control of other two Vaccinia virus promoters were constructed outside LoxP sites. With this new transfer vector, Eco gpt marker in rMVA can be deleted on BHK-Cre with interaction between Cre enzyme and LoxP sequence. In order to verify the efficacy of this system, ORF5 and ORF6 gene of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) NJ-a strain were cloned into two multiple cloning sites of pLR-gpt to construct recombinant plasmid pLR-ORFS/ORF6. Homologous recombination between pLR-ORF5/ORF6 and wtMVA on BHK-21 cell was mediated by liposome by infecting cells with 0.01 MOI wtMVA two hours before transfection. After twelve cycles of selection, recombinant MVA with selecting marker Eco gpt was obtained and named as rMVAgpt-GP5/M. By infecting BHK-Cre, the Eco gpt marker in rMVAgpt-GP5/M was deleted and this rMVA was named as rMVA-GP5/M. Expression of GP5 and M protein was identified with Western blotting and IFA. Results from PCR and biological study for rMVA indicated that Eco gpt marker was completely deleted.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>double expression transfer vector for marker-free recombinant Modified vaccinia virus Ankara generation was successfully constructed, and works well in MVA expression system.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Recombinant , Genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins , Genetics , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Pentosyltransferases , Genetics , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus , Genetics , Vaccinia virus , Genetics , Viral Envelope Proteins , Genetics , Viral Matrix Proteins , Genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL