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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 197-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980997

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to establish a suitable method for extracting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from C57BL/6 mice. A patch clamp electrode puller was used to draw a glass micropipette, and a brain stereotaxic device was used to fix the mouse's head at an angle of 135° from the body. Under a stereoscopic microscope, the skin and muscle tissue on the back of the mouse's head were separated, and the dura mater at the cerebellomedullary cistern was exposed. The glass micropipette (with an angle of 20° to 30° from the dura mater) was used to puncture at a point 1 mm inboard of Y-shaped dorsal vertebral artery for CSF sampling. After the first extraction, the glass micropipette was connected with a 1 mL sterile syringe to form a negative pressure device for the second extraction. The results showed that the successful rate of CSF extraction was 83.33% (30/36). Average CSF extraction amount was (7.16 ± 0.43) μL per mouse. In addition, C57BL/6 mice were given intranasally ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) to establish a model of brain iron accumulation, and the CSF extraction technique established in the present study was used for sampling. The results showed that iron content in the CSF from the normal saline control group was not detected, while the iron content in the CSF from FAC-treated group was (76.24 ± 38.53) μmol/L, and the difference was significant. These results suggest that glass micropipette vacuum technique of CSF sampling established in the present study has the advantages of simplicity, high success rate, large extraction volume, and low bleeding rate, and is suitable for the research on C57BL/6 mouse neurological disease models.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Vacuum , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Cisterna Magna , Brain , Cerebrospinal Fluid
2.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 83-89, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376909

ABSTRACT

Abstract Endoluminal vacuum therapy (EVAC) is a promising alternative for the endoscopic management of gastrointestinal fistulas or perforations that do not respond to endoscopic procedures using clips and stents or are even refractory to surgical procedures. In this case report, we describe the successful endoscopic closure of an esophagogastric anastomotic fistula using EVAC, connected to a vacuum system through a probe in the cavity, which did not close with clip management given the friability and edema of the peri-wound tissue. In conclusion, it is a successful alternative to treat these complications, which are sometimes difficult to resolve.


Resumen La terapia de vacío endoluminal (Endo-Vac) es una alternativa promisoria en el manejo endoscópico de las fístulas o perforaciones gastrointestinales, que no responden a procedimientos endoscópicos cuando se utilizan técnicas como clips, stents o incluso refractarias a procedimientos quirúrgicos. En este reporte de caso describimos el cierre endoscópico exitoso de una fístula anastomótica esofagogástrica, utilizando la terapia Endo-Vac, conectada a un sistema de vacío mediante una sonda en la cavidad, que no presentó cierre inicial a manejo con clips, dada la friabilidad y el edema del tejido perilesional. Se concluye que esta es una alternativa exitosa en el cierre de estas complicaciones, que en ocasiones son de difícil resolución.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Vacuum , Anastomosis, Surgical , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Fistula , Jejunostomy , Deglutition Disorders , Stents
3.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(3): 263-267, 15/09/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362153

ABSTRACT

Up to 20% of victims from skull fractures are represented by the pediatric population, and 50% of these lesions are depressed skull fractures. The treatment is multimodal in nature, ranging from conservative treatment to open surgical repair. The last one is associated, although in a small proportion, to complications, such as infections, hematomas and even death, besides the risks of the anesthetic procedure itself. The authors of the present article present a case report of the successful treatment of a depressed skull fracture in a newborn patient, using the vacuum-suction technique. The use of vacuum-suction may be beneficial for the pediatric patients, as it is a quick, non-invasive procedure, without the need for general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Birth Injuries/therapy , Skull Fracture, Depressed/therapy , Skull Fracture, Depressed/diagnostic imaging , Suction/methods , Vacuum , Treatment Outcome , Conservative Treatment
4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 220-224, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985212

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of automatic nucleic acid extractor combined with vacuum concentrator in forensic DNA extraction. Methods Gradient samples of human peripheral venous blood were collected at 40, 80, 120, 160, 200, 240, 280 and 320 fold dilution. The samples of each gradient were treated with no inhibitor, black oil, rust, fruit acid, tin foil and indigo, respectively. The automatic nucleic acid extractor was used for DNA purification and extraction of the above samples. The extracted DNA eluent (6 μL) was taken for amplification directly, and the rest was concentrated by vacuum concentrator. DNA was amplified and examined using the Investigator 26plex QS kit before and after concentration. Results Only gradient samples treated with fruit acid obtained complete STR typing results at 40 fold dilution. The other 5 methods obtained complete STR typing results at 40-160 fold dilution. The results of STR typing after DNA concentration showed that the average peak height and detection rates of gene loci both increased to a certain extent, but the effect was not obvious. Conclusion The automatic nucleic acid extractor has an efficient inhibitor removal ability and high extracting efficiency of DNA. The vacuum concentrator can concentrate DNA samples to a certain extent. Combining the automatic nucleic acid extractor with the vacuum concentrator can improve the examination success rate of forensic materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA/genetics , DNA Fingerprinting , Microsatellite Repeats , Nucleic Acids , Vacuum
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 114-118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880435

ABSTRACT

The transportation of electron is inseparable from vacuum environment. The maintenance of the vacuum system of Elekta linear accelerator depends on two sputtering ionic pumps at the gun end and the target end. The traveling wave acceleration were used in Elekta linear accelerators. And the design of the electron gun filament is detachable. Because of these two reasons, the vacuum stability is relatively weak. Only two vacuum values are used to reflect the operation state of the whole vacuum system, which causes a few failures but will not trigger a the machine interlock. Considering the complexity of whole vacuum system, the problem of vacuum caused by the failure of various components in vacuum system is analyzed in this paper. It is hoped that some useful repairing experience and suggestions for the maintenance engineers of linear accelerator to solve the vacuum fault and rebuild the vacuum can be provided quickly.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Radiotherapy Dosage , Vacuum
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1029-1041, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134266

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction To assess the feasibility of vacuum physiotherapy meant to decrease graft contraction and recurrent penile curvature (PC), hence successful tubularization and a straight penis in patients underwent two-stage buccal mucosa graft (BMG) urethroplasty, in proximal hypospadias repair. Material and methods Between January 2014 and July 2018, 59 two-stage BMG urethroplasties performed at our referral center, were included in the study. The parents were counseled to use the vacuum device between the two stages. An internal, self-administered, semiquantitative, non-validated questionnaire was designed to record parent and patient adherence to the vacuum physiotherapy and parent satisfaction. Success rate of graft tubularization, curvature correction rates, and status of early (4 months) postoperative urinary stream were evaluated. Results Of 45/59 (76.3%) who returned the questionnaire, 77.8% followed the recommended physiotherapy protocol using the vacuum device. 93.3% of parents replied that the use of the vacuum was easy or moderately easy. None of the parents interrupted the physiotherapy because of perceived difficulty or intolerability. 100% of parents would have repeated the physiotherapy, if they had to. Overall, success rate of tubularization was 98.3% (58/59), complete curvature correction was achieved in 88.2% (52/59) of patients, and 79.7% (47/59) of patients showed a straight and powerful early post-operative urinary stream. Conclusions Physiotherapy with the vacuum device is safe, easy and practically feasible. Our vacuum physiotherapy protocol had high compliance rate. Vacuum physiotherapy should be considered for further assessment in patients undergoing two stage hypospadias repair using buccal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Vacuum , Physical Therapy Modalities , Mouth Mucosa
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 435-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828726

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and safety of vacuum stretcher combined with feeding in cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination for neonates.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed for the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia, with a gestational age of >34 weeks and stable vital signs, who needed cranial MRI examination and did not need oxygen inhalation hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, from September to November, 2019. The neonates were randomly divided into a vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group and a conventional sedation group. Vital signs were monitored before, during, and after MRI examination. The success rate of MRI procedure was recorded.@*RESULTS@#A total of 80 neonates were enrolled in the study, with 40 neonates in the vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group and 40 in the conventional sedation group. The vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group had a significantly higher success rate of MRI procedure than the conventional sedation group (P0.05). No complications, such as apnea, acute allergic reactions, and malignant fever, were observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vacuum stretcher combined with feeding can improve the success rate of MRI procedure and reduce the use of sedatives, and meanwhile, it does not increase related risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prospective Studies , Stretchers , Vacuum
10.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 655-663, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762156

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of daily vacuuming of mattresses on the concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens and on allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms in children sensitized to HDM. METHODS: Forty children between the ages of 6 and 12 years with mild persistent AR and sensitized only to HDM were enrolled and randomly allocated to 2 groups. Caregivers of children in the experimental group cleaned the children's rooms and vacuumed their mattresses daily for 2 weeks. Caregivers of children in the control group cleaned the children's rooms without vacuuming mattresses. Symptoms of AR were checked weekly and dust samples were collected from the mattresses before and after the study. RESULTS: Demographics at the beginning of the study were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In the experimental group, symptoms of AR and dust weight were significantly decreased after 2 weeks (total symptoms of AR, P <0.001; sneezing, P < 0.001; rhinorrhea, P <0.001; nasal obstruction, P < 0.001; itching, P <0.001; and dust weight, P = 0.006). The concentrations of HDM allergens were not changed significantly (Der p1, P = 0.333; Der f1, P = 0.841). In the control group, there were no significant changes in symptoms of AR, dust weight, or the concentration of HDM allergens. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that daily vacuuming of mattresses reduced dust weight and symptoms of AR. However, the concentration of HDM allergens did not significantly decrease.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Allergens , Beds , Caregivers , Demography , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Nasal Obstruction , Pruritus , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing , Vacuum
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 864-869, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762120

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery using an angiocatheter needle in patients with huge ovarian cysts (diameter ≥15 cm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one patients with huge ovarian cysts underwent LESS surgery using an angiocatheter needle between March 2011 and August 2016. An intra-umbilical vertical incision (1.5–2.0 cm) was made in the midline. After the cyst wall was punctured using an angiocatheter needle, the fluid contents were aspirated with a connected vacuum aspirator. After placing a Glove port in the umbilical incision, LESS surgery was performed using a rigid 0-degree, 5-mm laparoscope and conventional, rigid, straight laparoscopic instruments. Knife-in-bag morcellation was instituted for specimen collection. RESULTS: The median maximal diameter of ovarian cysts was 18 cm (range, 15–30 cm), the median operation time was 150 minutes (range, 80–520 minutes), and the median volume of blood loss was 100 mL (range, 20–800 mL). Three patients (9.7%) were diagnosed with malignant ovarian cancer using intraoperative frozen examination, and 1 patient was converted to laparotomy due to advanced disease. Thirty patients underwent LESS, and there was no need for an additional laparoscopic port. CONCLUSION: LESS surgery using an angiocatheter needle, with leaving only a small postoperative scar, was deemed feasible for the management of huge ovarian cysts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cicatrix , Laparoscopes , Laparotomy , Morcellation , Needles , Ovarian Cysts , Ovarian Neoplasms , Specimen Handling , Vacuum
12.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 313-321, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaginal application of 40 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) has a comparable cervical ripening efficacy to and lesser side effects than 400 µg misoprostol in women scheduled for the first trimester induced abortion using a manual vacuum aspirator (MVA). METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized open- label study in 70 women at 6–12 weeks of pregnancy at the R G Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India, over a period of two years from 2015 to 2017. Forty milligrams of ISMN and 400 µg misoprostol were vaginally applied for cervical priming. The primary outcome measure was the cervical response assessed by the passage of the appropriate and largest sized MVA cannula through the internal os without resistance, at the beginning of the procedure. RESULTS: The base line cervical dilatation was found to be significantly higher in the misoprostol group than in the ISMN group (7.65±1.38 vs. 6.9±1.26 mm; P=0.025, 95% confidence interval, −1.4046 to −0.953). However, when the women were sub-analyzed based on parity, there was no statistically significant difference in the same parameters among the multigravid women. The need for further cervical dilatation was significantly higher in the ISMN group when the primigravid women were compared, although the multigravid women responded favorably to ISMN. CONCLUSION: In the primigravid women, misoprostol appears to exert a higher efficacy as a cervical ripening agent in contrast to ISMN. However, ISMN can be used in multigravid women for the same purpose as in this group, misoprostol did not show any significant improvement in efficacy over ISMN.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Induced , Catheters , Cervical Ripening , India , Labor Stage, First , Misoprostol , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Parity , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Prospective Studies , Vacuum
13.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 77-83, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760487

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Most of the blood-test samples are collected and carried in vacuum tubes. We have compared a newly developed vacuum tube, ‘Vacuon’ (Medion, Korea) and ‘BD Vacutainer®’ (BD, USA) in three common clinical assays, i.e., hematological, chemical, and immunological tests. METHODS: A sum of 60 healthy volunteers were recruited in our study and their peripheral blood samples were collected in the tubes of the two brands. EDTA-tube samples were evaluated using 25 hematological tests. Serum separating tube samples were analyzed for 24 chemical parameters and the 3 thyroid hormones. The results were statistically analyzed using the paired t-test and Bland-Altman plot. In addition, the assay outcomes at t=0 hr were compared with those at t=24±2 hr for each of the tubes. RESULTS: The assay results of 22 hematological parameters, 24 chemical parameters, and 3 thyroid hormones had a statistically significant correlation between the 2 brands of vacuum tubes (t=0 hr). Two hematological parameters (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration [MCHC] and cell hemoglobin concentration mean [CHCM]) showed higher mean values, while a hematological parameter (lobularity index [LI]) showed lower mean values in Vacuon than BD Vacutainer (t=0 hr). The results after 24 hr showed similarity between the 2 brands, with some inconsistent results in BD Vacutainer (Mean platelet volume [MPV], plateletcrit [Pct], eosinophil, calcium, and triiodothyronine) and Vacuon (MPV, hemoglobin distribution width [HDW], CHCM, Pct, eosinophil, and calcium). CONCLUSIONS: BD Vacutainer and Vacuon tube showed good statistical concordance rate with some exceptions in the hematological parameters (MCHC, CHCM, and LI).


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Calcium , Eosinophils , Healthy Volunteers , Hematologic Tests , Immunologic Tests , Thyroid Hormones , Vacuum
14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 62-65, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to observe the efficacy of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) by continuous negative pressure drainage and saline irrigation in the treatment of oral and maxillofacial space infection.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was conducted on 116 cases of maxillofacial space infection, and clinical data were collected to compare the therapeutic effects of routine incision with drainage treatment (traditional treatment group, 58 cases) and VSD treatment (VSD group, 58 cases).@*RESULTS@#The length of hospital stay, white blood cell count, scar length, frequency of dressing change, and pain degree of patients in the VSD group were all lower than those in the traditional treatment group. Moreover, the improvement degree of mouth opening in the VSD groups was better than that in the traditional treatment group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#VSD is a more effective method for the treatment of oral and maxillofacial space infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Fluids , Drainage , Mouth Diseases , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound Infection , Therapeutics , Vacuum
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 1-11, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771636

ABSTRACT

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Eleven questions regarding the use of VSD in abdominal surgeries were addressed: (1) which type of materials should be respectively chosen for the intraperitoneal cavity, retroperitoneal cavity and superficial incisions? (2) Can VSD be preventively used for a high-risk abdominal incision with primary suture? (3) Can VSD be used in severely contaminated/infected abdominal surgical sites? (4) Can VSD be used for temporary abdominal cavity closure under some special conditions such as severe abdominal trauma, infection, liver transplantation and intra-abdominal volume increment in abdominal compartment syndrome? (5) Can VSD be used in abdominal organ inflammation, injury, or postoperative drainage? (6) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intestinal fistula and pancreatic fistula? (7) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intra-abdominal and extra-peritoneal abscess? (8) Can VSD be used in the treatment of abdominal wall wounds, wound cavity, and defects? (9) Does VSD increase the risk of bleeding? (10) Does VSD increase the risk of intestinal wall injury? (11) Does VSD increase the risk of peritoneal adhesion? Focusing on these questions, evidence-based recommendations were given accordingly. VSD was strongly recommended regarding the questions 2-4. Weak recommendations were made regarding questions 1 and 5-11. Proper use of VSD in abdominal surgeries can lower the risk of infection in abdominal incisions with primary suture, treat severely contaminated/infected surgical sites and facilitate temporary abdominal cavity closure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen , General Surgery , China , Drainage , Methods , Evidence-Based Medicine , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Societies, Medical , Surgical Wound Infection , Traumatology , Vacuum
16.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 573-576, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766556

ABSTRACT

Resident law was enacted to improve the training environment and working conditions. However, the law caused confusion in the field and resulted in a medical vacuum in inpatient care. It also resulted in a lack of training time. A hospitalist system was introduced to improve the quality of patient care and to cover the shortage of residents. This study aimed to outline a development strategy for hospitalists participation in resident education in Korea. The result of pilot study of the hospitalists in Korea showed that patients, nurses, and residents were satisfied with hospitalists. Eighty-five percent of surgical residents were helped in postoperative patient care and 70.7% of residents were willing to work with a hospitalist. The competency of surgical hospitalists includes understanding surgery and the appropriate management of postoperative complications. In order to shift the paradigm of resident education, the Korean government must pay the expenses for resident training. Through hospitalists' participation in the resident training, it may be possible to provide residents with more comprehensive and continuous education for inpatient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education , Hospital Medicine , Hospitalists , Inpatients , Internship and Residency , Jurisprudence , Korea , Patient Care , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Complications , Vacuum
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 219-224, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742158

ABSTRACT

Boerhaave syndrome is a transmural perforation of the esophagus and typically occurs after forceful emesis. Boerhaave syndrome is a destructive disease with a high mortality rate, though surgical intervention within 24 hours has a beneficial effect. On the other hand, late surgical intervention is associated with poorer prognoses. Several therapeutic strategies, ranging from medical to surgical management, are available for Boerhaave syndrome. Recently, endoscopic endoluminal vacuum therapy (EVT) was introduced as a treatment option. Here, we report the case of a 56-year-old male patient with Boerhaave syndrome who was successfully treated by EVT after primary closure failure. The patient recovered without complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy , Esophageal Perforation , Esophagus , Hand , Mortality , Prognosis , Vacuum , Vomiting
18.
Clinics ; 74: e937, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in diffuse peritonitis treatment protocols, some cases develop unfavorably. With the advent of vacuum therapy, the use of laparostomy to treat peritonitis has gained traction. Another treatment modality is continuous peritoneal lavage. However, maintaining this technique is difficult and has been associated with controversial results. We propose a new model of continuous peritoneal lavage that takes advantage of the features and benefits of vacuum laparostomy. METHOD: Pigs (Landrace and Large White) under general anesthesia were submitted to laparostomy through which a multiperforated tube was placed along each flank and exteriorized in the left and lower right quadrants. A vacuum dressing was applied, and intermittent negative pressure was maintained. Peritoneal dialysis solution (PDS) was then infused through the tubes for 36 hours. The stability of peritoneostomy with intermittent infusion of fluids, the system resistance to obstruction and leakage, water balance, hemodynamic and biochemical parameters were evaluated. Fluid disposition in the abdominal cavity was analyzed through CT. RESULTS: Even when negative pressure was not applied, the dressing maintained the integrity of the system, and there were no leaks or blockage of the catheters during the procedure. The aspirated volume by vacuum laparostomy was similar to the infused volume (9073.5±1496.35 mL versus 10165±235.73 mL, p=0.25), and there were no major changes in hemodynamic or biochemical analysis. According to CT images, 60 ml/kg PDS was sufficient to occupy all intra-abdominal spaces. CONCLUSION: Continuous peritoneal lavage with negative pressure proved to be technically possible and may be an option in the treatment of diffuse peritonitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritoneum/surgery , Peritoneal Lavage/methods , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy/methods , Laparotomy/methods , Peritoneum/diagnostic imaging , Swine , Vacuum , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Models, Animal
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253283

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos de ansiedad constituyen un grupo de alteraciones psicológicas y neurológicas que representan varias formas de miedo y ansiedad anormales o patológicas (Orozco & Baldares, 2012). Aun cuando alrededor del 14% de la población del planeta ha sufrido algún trastorno de ansiedad, las causas que desencadenan el mismo no son del todo claras (Posada, 2013). La aproximación clásica de los estudios para la identificación de los factores de predisposición de estos trastornos neuropsiquiátricos se ha orientado a las teorías de la personalidad como la Teoría de Eysenck (Mitchell & Kumari, 2016) y la Teoría Bio-Psicológica de la personalidad (Knyazev, Pylkova, Slobodskoj-Plusnin, Bocharov, & Ushakov, 2015). Sin embargo, a partir de estos estudios, han surgido nuevas propuestas involucrando los aspectos neuroanatómicos y neurofuncionales. La transmisión eléctrica y química de la información y como esta se asocia a distintas conductas demuestran la relevación de la regulación de la producción y recaptación de neurotransmisores en sistema nervioso central (SNC). Aunque esta regulación se encuentra directamente relacionada con la expresión genética, em tanto se han identificado ciertos genes candidatos que aportan un porcentaje a esta predisposición, estos no son totalmente determinantes. Actualmente, dado a este vacío, se ha comenzado a investigar la influencia de factores epigenéticos que en conjunto con los factores genéticos permitirían ampliar la explicación de los factores de predisposición de ciertos trastornos neuropsiquiátricos que anteriormente eran considerados de etiología ambiental


Anxiety disorders are a group of psychological and neurological disorders that represent various forms of abnormal or pathological fear and anxiety (Orozco & Baldares, 2012). Even though around 14% of the planet's population has suffered from an anxiety disorder, the causes that trigger it are not entirely clear (Posada, 2013). The classical approach of studies for the identification of the predisposing factors of these neuropsychiatric disorders has been oriented to personality theories such as the Eysenck Theory (Mitchell & Kumari, 2016) and the Bio-Psychological Theory of Personality (Knyazev, Pylkova, Slobodskoj-Plusnin, Bocharov, & Ushakov, 2015). However, from these studies, new proposals involving neuroanatomical and neurofunctional aspects have emerged. The electrical and chemical transmission of the information and how it is associated with different behaviors demonstrate the relief of the regulation of the production and reuptake of neurotransmitters in the central nervous system (CNS). This regulation is directly related to genetic expression, however, although certain candidate genes that contribute a percentage to this predisposition have been identified, these are not totally determinant (Montag, Reuter, Newport, Elger & Weber, 2008). Currently, given this gap, we have begun to investigate the influence of epigenetic factors that, together with genetic factors, would allow us to expand the explanation of the predisposing factors of certain neuropsychiatric disorders that were previously considered to be of environmental etiology


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety Disorders , Psychological Theory , Neurotransmitter Agents , Nervous System Diseases , Anxiety , Personality , Vacuum , Behavior , Causality , Fear , Epigenomics , Genes , Genetics
20.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 16-25, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741303

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of transplantation of a circumferentially-trephined autologous oral mucosal graft using a vacuum trephine on ocular surface reconstruction in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency. METHODS: Patients with a limbal stem cell deficiency who underwent transplantation of autologous oral mucosal graft performed by a particular surgeon in Seoul National University Hospital were included. The medical records of these five patients were retrospectively reviewed. The lower labial mucosal graft inside the inferior lip was trephined to a depth of 250 µm using a donor vacuum trephine with a 9-mm diameter. Outside markings were made using a 14-mm intraoperative keratometer. The oral mucosal graft was dissected under a microscope using a Beaver mini-blade as either a ring or a crescent-shaped strip with a 5-mm width. The mucosal graft was transplanted onto the limbus in the limbal-deficient eye. Best-corrected visual acuity and corneal status were measured during the follow-up period. RESULTS: Four patients were diagnosed with Stevens-Johnson syndrome and one was diagnosed with atopy-associated immune keratitis. The mean follow-up period was 10.4 ± 2.9 months. After 4 months, visual acuity improved in all patients, and the mean improvement in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity was 0.526 ± 0.470 (range, 0.15 to 1.10). Corneal surface erosion and neovascularization decreased in four patients, and stromal opacity decreased in two patients. The engraftments maintained ocular surface stabilization in four of the five patients at the last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Transplantation of circumferential autologous oral mucosal grafts may be effective for the treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Keratitis , Lip , Medical Records , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Rodentia , Seoul , Stem Cells , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Vacuum , Visual Acuity
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