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Int. j. morphol ; 33(4): 1530-1535, Dec. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772349


One of the proposed mechanism by which varicocele induces its damage is excessive release of nitric oxide (NO). Several studies have shown the role of NO in poor sperm quality in infertile patients with varicocele. Scientific studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of curcumin on the sperm parameters. Curcumin as an atoxic antioxidant can reduce production of NO. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of curcumin on NO levels and investigate if curcumin can improve sperm parameters in varicocelized male rats. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (V1 and V2 (varicocele), T (treatment), Sh (sham) and C was control). In groups V1, V2, T and Sh, the left renal vein was partially ligated to induce varicocele. In groups V1 and V2, sperm parameters and NO level were evaluated 8 and 16 weeks respectively after varicocele induction. Groups T and Sh received 100 mg/kg curcumin and placebo respectively, daily for 8 weeks after 2 months of induced varicocele. Sperm parameters (count, motility, viability and morphology), epididymis and testis weight and also NO concentration were measured. Sperm parameters (count, motility and viability) in groups V1, V2 and Sh were significantly low in comparison with control and treatment groups. The level of NO was significantly increased in serum of rats in groups V1 and V2, whereas group T rat serum in which curcumin was administered, showed decreased NO levels. The values of the epididymis and testis weight had no significant changes (P 0.05) in all groups. Administration of curcumin as a free radical scavenger, can decrease NO level and improve sperm parameters in varicocelized male rats.

Uno de los mecanismos propuestos por el cual los varicoceles inducen daño es la excesiva liberación de óxido nítrico (ON). Varios estudios han demostrado el efecto del ON en la mala calidad del semen en pacientes infértiles con varicocele. Investigaciones han demostrado los efectos beneficiosos de la cúrcuma sobre los parámetros de esperma. La cúrcuma como un antioxidanteatóxico puede reducir la producción de ON. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el efecto de la cúrcuma en el nivel de ON e investigar si la cúrcuma puede mejorar los parámetros del semen en ratas macho. Treinta ratas macho Wistar fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 5 grupos (V1y V2 (varicocele), T (tratamiento), Sh (simulado) y C (control)). En los grupos V1, V2, T y Sh, la vena renal izquierda fue parcialmente ligada para inducir varicocele. En los grupos de V1 y V2, los parámetros de semen y nivel de ON se evaluaron a las 8 y 16 semanas respectivamente, después de la inducción de varicocele. Los grupos T y Sh recibieron diariamente 100 mg/kg de cúrcuma y placebo durante 8 semanas, después de 2 meses de inducir el varicocele. Fueron medidos los parámetros del semen (recuento, motilidad, viabilidad y morfología espemática), peso del epidídimo y testículos, junto con la concentración del ON. El recuento, motilidad y viabilidad de los espermatozoides en los grupos V1, V2 y Sh fueron significativamente más bajos en comparación con los grupos C y T. El nivel de ON se incrementó significativamente en el suero de las ratas de los grupos V1 y V2, mientras que el suero del grupo T, en el que se administró cúrcuma, hubo una disminución de los niveles de ON. El peso del epidídimo y testículos tuvieron cambios significativos (P 0,05) en todos los grupos. La administración de cúrcuma como un eliminador de radicales libres, puede disminuir el nivel de ON y mejorar los parámetros espermáticos en ratas macho varicocelizadas.

Animals , Rats , Curcuma/chemistry , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Varicocele/drug therapy , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Sperm Count , Spermatozoa/chemistry
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(4): 773-790, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763046


ABSTRACTPurpose:This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of isolated and co-administration of vitamin E (VitE) and dexamethasone (DEX) on varicocele (VCL)-induced damages in testicular tissue.Materials and Methods:Wistar rats were divided into five groups (n=6), including; control-sham, non-treated VCL-induced, VitE-treated VCL-induced (VitE, 150 mg/kg, orally), DEX-administrated VCL-induced (DEX, 0.125 mg/kg, i.p.), VitE+DEX-received VCL-induced animals. The antioxidant status analyses, histopathological examinations, hormonal assay and tissue levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were analyzed. The germinal epithelium RNA damage and Leydig cells steroidogenesis were analyzed. Moreover, the Hsp70-2 protein expression was examined based on immunohistochemical and western blot analyses. The sperm parameters, DNA integrity and chromatin condensation were investigated.Results:VitE and DEX in simultaneous form of administration significantly (P<0.05) down-regulated the tissue ALP level and attenuated the VCL-decreased GSH-px, SOD and TAC levels and remarkably (P<0.05) down-regulated the testicular malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) contents. The VCL-induced histopathological alterations significantly (P<0.05) improved in VitE and DEX-administrated animals. The VitE and DEX co-administration reduced the VCL-increased RNA damage and elevated the Leydig cells steroidogenic activity. The Hsp70-2 protein level completely (P<0.05) increased in VitE and DEX alone–and-simultaneous-administrated animals. Finally, the VitE and DEX could significantly (P<0.05) improve the VCL-decreased semen quality and improved the sperm DNA integrity and chromatin condensation.Conclusion:Our data suggest that Vit E by up-regulating the antioxidant status and DEX by reducing inflammation-dependent oxidative and nitrosative stresses could improve the VCL-reduced Hsp70-2 chaperone expression and ultimately protected the testicular endocrine activities and promoted the spermatogenesis process.

Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , /metabolism , Varicocele/drug therapy , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Blotting, Western , Chromatin/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , DNA Damage , Drug Interactions , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Protective Agents , Rats, Wistar , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Testis/drug effects , Testis/enzymology , Testis/pathology , Testosterone/blood , Varicocele/physiopathology
IJRM-Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2013; 11 (6): 459-466
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138379


Prepubertal varicocele has the most devastating effects on the testes. Oxidative stress is the major cause leading to infertility in varicocele. The antioxidant properties of Flaxseed [FS] treatment in some oxidative diseases have been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant effect of FS in prepubertal rats with experimental varicocele. Forty two male prepubertal rats were divided into 6 groups: the varicocele group were either fed with 10% FS, or with regular diet, or with Vit E, the group with sham operation fed with 10% FS, or had regular diet, and control rats who had not been operated but received regular diet. Varicocele was created by Koksal method. After 6 weeks sperm superoxide anion and H[2]O[2] were evaluated by flowcytometery. Semen total antioxidant capacity [TAC] by Koracevic method and testes malondialdehyde [MDA] by thiobarbituric acid with spectrophotometry was measured. While superoxide anion and H[2]O[2] were significantly higher in varicocele grop with regular diet [p=0.0001], FS significantly decreased the previously-mentioned parameters [p=0.0001]. There were no significant differences for seminal TAC between 6 groups [p=0.07]. Left testicular MDA concentration were lower in varicocele or group that were fed with 10% FS compared with other groups [p=0.001]. Reactive oxygen species [ROS] may cause sperm oxidative damage. FS as a fat soluble antioxidant can scavenge intracellular ROS production in varicocele

Animals , Male , Vitamin E , Reactive Oxygen Species , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Varicocele/drug therapy , Spectrophotometry , Rats , Testis/drug effects , Antioxidants
Int. j. morphol ; 26(4): 1059-1064, Dec. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-532937


Varicoceles are abnormal tortuosity and dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus that drain the testis. The pathophysiology of testicular damage in varicocele has not been completely understood. However there is an increasing body of evidence pointing towards the role of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of varicocele related subfertility. In the present study we examined the role of proanthocynidin-rich ethanol extract of grapefruit seed as an antioxidant in protecting the testis against damage in experimental varicocele. Three groups of rats were constructed as the first group had intact rats; experimental bilateral varicoceles were established by complete ligation of the left and right main spermatic veins in the later two groups. The third group had in addition daily gavage administration of 1 Omg/ kg body weight ethanol extract of grapefruit seed. Eight weeks after varicocele induction, bilateral testicular weights, bilateral testicular volumes, bilateral caudal epididymal sperm characteristics, and bilateral testicular histology and serum hormone levels were tested. It was found that the testes of grapefruit seed extract treated animals had better functional and histological profiles compared to the untreated varicocelized animals. These results indicated the effectiveness of grapefruit seed extract for preservation of testes function morphology in varicocelized subjects.

Los varicoceles son tortuosidades anormales y dilataciones de las venas del plexo pampiniforme que drenan el testículo. La fisiopatología del daño testicular en el varicocele no se ha entendido completamente. Sin embargo, existe un creciente cúmulo de evidencias que apunta hacia el papel de especies reactivas al oxígeno y al estrés oxidativo, en la patogénesis del varicocele relacionados con subfertilidad. En el presente estudio, se examinó el papel de proantocianidina en el extracto etanólico de semilla del pomelo, como un antioxidante en la protección contra el daño testicular experimental en el varicocele. Tres grupos de ratas fueron seleccionados, un grupo de ratas control y dos grupos experimentales. En estos dos últimos grupos, se provocó varicocele bilateral a través de la ligadura completa de las venas testiculares principales izquierda y derecha. El tercer grupo tuvo además una sonda de administración diaria de 10 mg /kg de peso corporal, de extracto etanólico de semilla de pomelo. Ocho semanas después de la inducción de varicocele, se determinó el peso testicular bilateral, volúmenes testiculares bilaterales, características de los espermatozoides de la cola del epidídimo bilateral, la histología testicular bilateral y los niveles séricos de hormona. Se determinó que los testículos de los animales tratados con extracto de semilla de pomelo presentaban una mayor funcionalidad y mejores perfiles histológicos, en comparación con los animales varicocelizados no tratados. Estos resultados indican la eficacia de extracto de semilla de pomelo para la conservación de la morfología funcional testicular, en sujetos varicocelizados.

Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Infertility/prevention & control , Varicocele/pathology , Varicocele/drug therapy , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Citrus paradisi/chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Fertility , Proanthocyanidins/administration & dosage , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seeds/chemistry , Testis