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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of tripterine on adhesion molecules and cell biological characteristics in mice with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) tumor.@*METHODS@#Eighteen SCID beige mice were caudal vein injected with NB4 cell lines (5×10@*RESULTS@#The neutrophil decrased and promyelocytes, NB4 cells, B lymphocytes and white blood cells increased in tumor-bearing group as compared with control group (P<0.05), and the expressions of serum P-selectin (P-selectin), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1, sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, sICAM-1) all increased (P<0.05). The cell cycle showed that the proportion of G@*CONCLUSION@#Tripterine may not only inhibit the expression of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 proteins in APL tumor-bearing mice and reduce the adhesion of tumor cells, but also block tumor cells at G


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Cell Division , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Mice , Mice, SCID , Triterpenes , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10807, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249324

ABSTRACT

Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are currently considered a central pivotal player in pathogenesis and development of atherosclerotic lesions. As consequence of vascular injury, SMCs migrate from the tunica media into the tunica intima layers where they contribute to neointimal formation by converting into foam cells and producing pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress markers. We targeted the replacement of neointimal SMCs by using the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy in experimentally induced atherosclerosis in an attempt to improve the atherosclerotic lesion and its concomitant complications. Rats were divided into 4 groups (n=20). Control group: rats kept on a standard chow diet; atherosclerotic group: rats received the atherogenic diet; stem cells-treated group: rats were injected with CD34+ stem cells (6×106 cells in 0.5 mL PBS in rat tail vein) and maintained on the atherogenic diet; and resveratrol-treated group: rats were supplemented orally with resveratrol at a dose level 3 mg/kg per day and the atherogenic diet. After 12 weeks, rats were euthanized, blood samples were collected for separation of serum, and abdominal aortas were excised for further biochemical, molecular, and histopathological investigations. We used resveratrol, the well-established anti-atherosclerotic drug, as a benchmark to assess the efficacy of stem cell therapy. MSCs treatment revealed significant amelioration in both histopathological and biochemical patterns as evidenced by decreased foam cells formation, ICAM-1, VCAM, M-CSF, iNOS, COX-2, and TNF-α. We concluded that MSCs therapy significantly replaced the neointimal SMCs and decreased adhesion molecules as well as the oxidative and inflammatory markers in atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Atherosclerosis/therapy , Cell Adhesion , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1057-1061, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136332

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate the effect of propylthiouracil treatment on adhesion molecules in patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism. METHODS In this study, a total of 168 patients diagnosed with subclinical hyperthyroidism were treated with propylthiouracil for one year. The levels of adhesion molecules, consisting of sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and sE-Selectin, before and after the treatment were measured and compared. These results were compared with the levels of 148 healthy controls who received a placebo. RESULTS sICAM-1 levels were significantly higher in subclinical hyperthyroidism patients than in healthy controls (*pa=0.000). sICAM-1 levels were significantly decreased after the treatment (**pb=0.000). Despite this decrease in patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism, it did not decrease to the level of the control group. sVCAM-1 did not change before and after propylthiouracil treatment. The level of sE-selectin was similar to that of the pretreatment control group, but it did not have statistical significance, although it increased after the treatment (**pb=0.004). CONCLUSION The sICAM level was significantly higher than the pretreatment values and decreased after the propylthiouracil treatment. However, further studies are needed to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and cancer in patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism.


RESUMO ANTECEDENTES O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito do tratamento com propiltiouracil nas moléculas de adesão em pacientes com hipertireoidismo subclínico. MÉTODOS Neste estudo, 168 pacientes diagnosticados com hipertireoidismo subclínico foram tratados com propiltiouracil por um ano. Os níveis de moléculas de adesão, especificamente sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 e sE-Selectina, antes e após o tratamento foram medidos e comparados. Esses resultados foram comparados com os níveis de 148 indivíduos saudáveis no grupo de controle que receberam um placebo. RESULTADOS Os níveis de sICAM-1 foram significativamente maiores em pacientes com hipertireoidismo subclínico do que nos controles saudáveis (*pa=0,000). Os níveis de sICAM-1 diminuíram significativamente após o tratamento (**pb=0,000). Apesar dessa diminuição em pacientes com hipertireoidismo subclínico, ela não diminuiu para o nível do grupo controle. O sVCAM-1 não se alterou antes e após o tratamento com propiltiouracil. O nível de sE-Selectina foi semelhante ao do grupo de controle pré-tratamento, mas não apresentou significância estatística, embora tenha aumentado após o tratamento (** pb = 0,004). CONCLUSÃO O nível de sICAM foi significativamente superior aos valores pré-tratamento e diminuiu após o tratamento com propilciliouracil. No entanto, mais estudos são necessários para reduzir o risco de aterosclerose e câncer em pacientes com hipertireoidismo subclínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Propylthiouracil/therapeutic use , Hyperthyroidism/drug therapy , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , E-Selectin
4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 236-247, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811355

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have examined the structure-function relationship of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). This study aimed to identify and rank HDL-associated proteins involved in several biological function of HDL.METHODS: HDLs isolated from 48 participants were analyzed. Cholesterol efflux capacity, effect of HDL on nitric oxide production, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression were assessed. The relative abundance of identified proteins in the highest vs. lowest quartile was expressed using the normalized spectral abundance factor ratio.RESULTS: After adjustment by multiple testing, six proteins, thyroxine-binding globulin, alpha-1B-glycoprotein, plasma serine protease inhibitor, vitronectin, angiotensinogen, and serum amyloid A-4, were more abundant (relative abundance ratio ≥2) in HDLs with the highest cholesterol efflux capacity. In contrast, three proteins, complement C4-A, alpha-2-macroglobulin, and immunoglobulin mu chain C region, were less abundant (relative abundance ratio <0.5). In terms of nitric oxide production and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, no proteins showed abundance ratios ≥2 or <0.5 after adjustment. Proteins correlated with the functional parameters of HDL belonged to diverse biological categories.CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this study ranked proteins showing higher or lower abundance in HDLs with high functional capacities and newly identified multiple proteins linked to cholesterol efflux capacity.


Subject(s)
Amyloid , Angiotensinogen , Atherosclerosis , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Complement System Proteins , Immunoglobulin mu-Chains , Lipoproteins , Nitric Oxide , Plasma , Proteomics , Serine Proteases , Thyroxine-Binding Globulin , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vitronectin
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776012

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differences in biological functions between bone marrow(BM)-derived CD106 mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)and the CD106 subgroup. Methods The MSCs from normal BM were isolated and expanded.The subgroups of CD106 and CD106 MSCs were sorted.The cell proliferation and adhesion functions,chemotactic activities,adipogenic and osteogenic potentials,senescence,and senescence protein 21(p21)were detected.The capacity of translocation into nucleus of nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB)when stimulated by tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α)was measured. Results The proliferative ability was higher in CD106 MSCs than that in CD106 MSCs.In 48 hours,the value of optical density(OD)was significantly higher in CD106 MSCs than that in CD106 subgroup(1.004±0.028 0.659±0.023,=3.946,=0.0225).In 72 hours,this phenomenon was even more pronounced(2.574±0.089 1.590±0.074,=11.240,=0.0000).The adhesive capacity of CD106 MSCs was significantly stronger than that of CD106 subgroup(0.648±0.018 0.418±0.023,=7.869,=0.0002).Besides,the metastasis ability of CD106 MSCs were significantly stronger than that of CD106 subgroup(114.500±4.481 71.000±4.435,=6.900,=0.0005).The CD106 MSCs had signifcnatly lower proportions of senescent cells.The expression of aging protein p21 in CD106 MSCs was significantly lower than that in CD106 MSCs [(17.560±1.421)% (45.800±2.569)%,=9.618,=0.0000].Furthermore,there were no visible pigmenting cells after β-galactosidase staining in CD106 MSCs subgroup.However,in CD106 MSCs,some colored green cells were detected.The rate of NF-κB translocation into nucleus after stimulated by TNF-α was significantly higher in CD106 MSCs than CD106 MSCs [(37.780±3.268)% (7.30±1.25)%,=8.713,=0.0001]. Conclusion Bone marrow-derived CD106 MSCs possess more powerful biological functions than CD106 MSCs.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Protein Transport , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1036-1044, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) transplantation on atherosclerosis (AS) and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, rat AS model was established, and ADSCs were isolated and cultured. Atherosclerotic plaque and pathological symptoms of thoracic aorta were measured by Oil Red O staining and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining, respectively. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were measured by an automatic biochemical analyzer. Expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), aortic endothelin-1 (ET-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), c-reactive protein (CRP), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, VEGF, VCAM-1, ICAM-1, ET-1, respectively, and NF-κB p65 mRNA expressions were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Protein expressions of VEGF, VCAM-1, ICAM-1, ET-1, NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, and IκBα were measured by western blot. Moreover, NF-κB p65 expression was measured by immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: ADSC transplantation alleviated the pathological symptoms of aortic AS. ADSC transplantation decreased the levels of TC, TG, and LDL-C and increased serum HDL-C level. Meanwhile, ADSC transplantation decreased the levels of IL-6, CRP, and TNF-α in AS rats. Moreover, the expressions of VEGF, ET-1, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 were decreased by ADSC transplantation. ADSC transplantation inhibited phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and promoted IκBα expression in AS rats. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that ADSC transplantation could inhibit vascular inflammatory responses and endothelial dysfunction by suppressing NF-κB pathway in AS rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Atherosclerosis , Blotting, Western , C-Reactive Protein , Cholesterol , Endothelin-1 , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Interleukin-6 , Lipoproteins , Phosphorylation , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Rats , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Triglycerides , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739401

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Endotype in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has been established in the last decade. However, the exact immunologic profile of CRS still has controversy because it has a considerable immunologic heterogeneity. Therefore, we investigated various inflammatory mediators according to different nasal tissues in chronic rhinosinusitis and compared them within the same subject. METHODS: We collected uncinate process mucosa (UP) and nasal polyp (NP) tissues from controls, CRS without NP (CRSsNP) and CRS with NP (CRSwNP). Expression levels of 28 inflammatory mediators including T helper (Th) 1, Th2, Th17, proinflammatory cytokines and remodeling markers were determined by multiplex immunoassay and were analyzed using paired tests as well as principal component analysis (PCA) to investigate endotype in each subtype of CRS. RESULTS: Signature inflammatory mediators are interleukin (IL)-5, C-C motif chemokine ligand (CCL)-24, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-4, and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in eosinophilic NP, whereas IL-17A, IL-1β, and matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)-9 were detected as signature inflammatory markers in non-eosinophilic NP. Despite differences in inflammatory cytokine profile between eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic NP, the common upregulation of IL-5, CCL-11, IL-23, IL-2Rα, VCAM-1, MMP-3 and MMP-9 were shown in NP compared to UP within the same subject. In the PCA, we observed that Th2 immune response was helpful in discriminating between nasal tissues in subtypes of CRS and that there was a partial overlap between non-eosinophilic NP and eosinophilic NP in terms of Th2 mediators. CONCLUSIONS: Commonly upregulated mediators in NP were Th2-associated, compared with UP regardless of CRS subtypes, whereas signature markers were distinct in each NP subtype. These findings imply that Th2 inflammatory responses may play a role in the development of NP regardless of CRSwNP subtypes.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Eosinophils , Immunoassay , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-23 , Interleukin-5 , Interleukins , Monocytes , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Population Characteristics , Principal Component Analysis , Rhinitis , Sinusitis , Up-Regulation , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180353, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057248

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dengue is an important mosquito-borne disease in tropical and subtropical regions. Adhesion molecules have not been systematically characterized in the renal tissue of patients with severe dengue (SD). The objective of this study was to detect viral antigens in samples from patients that evolved with SD, correlating with the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, VE-cadherin, and E-selectin to contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of SD. METHODS: Kidney specimens from patients with SD were selected according to clinical and laboratorial data and submitted to histological and immunohistochemistry analysis. A semiquantitative evaluation was performed considering positive immunostaining in 20 glomeruli. RESULTS: Viral antigens were mainly detected in distal tubules. The intense immunostaining of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 was observed. The expression of E-selectin was discrete, and VE-cadherin expression varied from mild to moderate. VCAM-1 was slightly intense in the glomerular capsule; the expression of ICAM-1 was diffuse. E-selectin was diffuse, and VE-cadherin varied from mild to moderate. The most frequent histological findings were glomerular congestion, mild glomerulitis, acute renal injury, and glomerular atrophy. CONCLUSIONS: The results appear to demonstrate an imbalance between vascular endothelial permeability regulating events in renal lesions in SD. The increase in the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 is an in-situ indicator of higher permeability with a consequent influx of cells favoring the inflammation of the endothelium. These molecules are important in the pathophysiology of the disease and provide the possibility of developing new markers for the evaluation, clinical follow-up, and therapeutic response of patients with SD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/physiology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/physiology , E-Selectin/physiology , Severe Dengue/physiopathology , Severe Dengue/blood , Endothelium/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/blood , Antigens, CD/physiology , Antigens, CD/blood , Cadherins/physiology , Cadherins/blood , Up-Regulation , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Disease Progression , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , E-Selectin/blood , Middle Aged , Antigens, Viral/blood
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8658, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055464

ABSTRACT

Acute coronary syndromes are associated with a high prevalence of complications including heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of novel biomarkers with the occurrence of post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) HF. A prospective study was conducted with patients admitted to the emergency department with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Blood and urine samples were collected for analysis of traditional and novel biomarkers, including interleukin-6, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). We compared the levels of these biomarkers between patients with and without post-STEMI HF. A total of 48 patients were assessed, with a prevalence of males. Fifteen patients (31.2%) had post-STEMI HF. Patients with HF had higher mean values of IL-6, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 compared to those who did not develop HF (57.06 vs 14.03 pg/mL, P=0.001; 1719.58 vs 1304.34 ng/mL, P=0.001; and 1594.20 vs 1158.74 ng/mL, P<0.001, respectively). The three biomarkers were shown to be good predictors of post-STEMI HF (IL-6: AUC 0.786, P=0.002; VCAM-1: AUC 0.797, P=0.001; and ICAM-1: AUC 0.825, P<0.0001), with the respective cutoff points being calculated based on the best sensitivity and specificity indexes (IL-6: 8.67 pg/mL; VCAM-1: 1501.42 ng/mL; and ICAM-1: 1262.38 ng/mL). Of the three biomarkers, only VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 had a direct linear association between them (r=0.470, P<0.0001). IL-6, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 were associated with the development of new post-AMI HF symptoms, but only VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 correlated with each other, possibly because they have the same pathophysiological mechanism of action.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Interleukin-6/blood , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Heart Failure/blood , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether simultaneous decreases in the serum levels of cell adhesion molecules (intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1], vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1], and E-selectin) and S100 proteins within the first 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation were associated with good neurological outcomes in cardiac arrest survivors. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was based on prospectively collected data from a single emergency intensive care unit (ICU). Twenty-nine out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors who were admitted to the ICU for post-resuscitation care were enrolled. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 24 hours after ICU admission. According to the 6-month cerebral performance category (CPC) scale, the patients were divided into good (CPC 1 and 2, n=12) and poor (CPC 3 to 5, n=17) outcome groups. RESULTS: No difference was observed between the two groups in terms of the serum levels of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, and S100 at 0 and 24 hours. A simultaneous decrease in the serum levels of VCAM-1 and S100 as well as E-selectin and S100 was associated with good neurological outcomes. When other variables were adjusted, a simultaneous decrease in the serum levels of VCAM-1 and S100 was independently associated with good neurological outcomes (odds ratio, 9.285; 95% confidence interval, 1.073 to 80.318; P=0.043). CONCLUSION: A simultaneous decrease in the serum levels of soluble VCAM-1 and S100 within the first 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation was associated with a good neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors.


Subject(s)
Blood-Brain Barrier , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , E-Selectin , Emergencies , Endothelium , Heart Arrest , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Observational Study , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Survivors , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1616-1620, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Quercetin on cell cycle and adhesive molecules of NOD.SCID mice with acule B lymphocytic leuaemia(B-ALL).@*METHODS@#5×10 Nalm-6(B-ALL cell line) cells were injected into the tail vein of 48 NOD/SCID mice to establish the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL. After 15 day, the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL were randomly divided into 3 groups: salive group as control (injection with saline of 0.2 ml/mouse), cyclophos-phamid group (injection with cyclophosphamide of 100µg/kg) and quercetin group(injection with quercetin of 3 mg/kg). After treatment for 21 d, the perecntage of Nalm-6 cells in G1, G2, M and S phases was detected by flow cytonetry; the B lymphocytes Nalm-6 cells, neutrophils and WBC in while blood were counted before and after treatment; the expression of intercellalar. Adhesion molecole-1(FCAIU-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1) and P-selectin was detected by double autibody soundwich method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with level before treatment, the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and P-selectin decreased after treatment with guercetin, The hemogram showed that the peripheral blood nentrophil level obviously increased, while the levels of B lymphocytes, Nalm-6 cells and WBC count decreased obviously after treatment with guercetin. The cell proliferatim rario in G0/G1 phase decreased, yet the cell proliferation ratio in S and G2/M phases increased after treatment with guercetin.@*CONCLUSION@#The guercetin can decrease the intercellular adhesion through inhibition of ICAM-1 expression, and arrests Nalm-6 cells in S and G2/M phases. The guercetin has obviously inhibitory effect on B-ALL cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Leukemia, B-Cell , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Quercetin , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
13.
Blood Research ; : 61-70, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) expressed on hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), endothelial cells, and stromal cells play a pivotal role in the mobilization of CD34+ cells. Herein, we conducted a non-randomized peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization study aimed to compare the potential differences in the expressions of several CAMs and chemokines on CD34+ cells obtained from bone marrow aspirate before and after HPC mobilization from patients with hematologic malignancies and healthy donors. METHODS: Three-color cytofluorometric analysis was used to compare the expressions of CAMs and chemokines in the bone marrow before and after mobilization. RESULTS: For all studied groups, CAM expression among those with good and poor yields of CD34+ cells was significantly correlated with VCAM-1 (P=0.007), CD44 (P=0.027), and VLA-4 (P=0.014) expressions. VCAM-1 (P=0.001), FLT-3 (P=0.001), CD44 (P=0.011), VLA-4 (P=0.001), and LFA-1 (P=0.001) expressions were higher before HPC mobilization than after HPC mobilization. By contrast, the expression of CXCR4 significantly varied before and after mobilization only among those with successful PBSC mobilization (P=0.002). CONCLUSION: We attempted to identify particular aspects of CAMs involved in CD34+ cell mobilization, which is a highly complex mechanism that involves adhesion molecules and matrix metalloproteases. The mechanism by which CD34+ cell mobilization is activated through proteolytic enzymes is not fully understood. We believe that CXCR4, VLA-4, CD44, and VCAM-1 are the most important molecules implicated in HPC mobilization, particularly because they show a correlation with the yield of CD34+ cells collected via large volume leukapheresis.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Chemokines , Endothelial Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Integrin alpha4beta1 , Leukapheresis , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Metalloproteases , Multiple Myeloma , Peptide Hydrolases , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells , Tissue Donors , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713262

ABSTRACT

Intestinal microbiota is involved in the atherosclerotic process by development of an atheromatous core with foam cells in carotid arteries. It has reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli localizes in human atherosclerotic plaque and causes inflammation via interaction with toll like receptor 4. However, there is no evidence that whether LPS-activated macrophages regulate endothelial cell (EC) function. We evaluated whether LPS-activated macrophage acts as one of the stimulants activating EC and its underlying signaling pathways. Using Western blotting and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), we confirmed that intraperitoneal injection with LPS increases iNOS protein and inflammatory cytokine, TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expressions. To determine whether LPS-mediated macrophage inflammatory condition affects EC activation and inflammation, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated with isolated peritoneal macrophages from LPS-injected mice. Interestingly, p90RSK Serine 380 phosphorylation and protein expression were significantly increased by macrophage treatment in EC. Messenger RNA levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 and p90RSK was increased, but endothelial nitric oxide synthase was decreased. In addition, NF-κB promoter activity, which plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammation, was strongly enhanced by the macrophage treatment in EC. We further evaluated the effects of LPS on EC function in the mouse aorta using en face staining. In agreement with in vitro result, p90RSK expression was strongly increased in the steady laminar flow region of the mouse aorta in mice injected with LPS. Together, our study demonstrates that p90RSK might be a one of the major therapeutic candidates for the prevention of vascular diseases mediated by LPS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Atherosclerosis , Blotting, Western , Carotid Arteries , Endothelial Cells , Escherichia coli , Foam Cells , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Interleukin-6 , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Macrophages, Peritoneal , Mice , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Phosphorylation , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , RNA, Messenger , Serine , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Diseases
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170199, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893736

ABSTRACT

Abstract The presence of neopterin in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is a marker for local and acute immune activation, and the presence of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) in GCF is accepted as a marker for chronic vascular inflammation. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate effects of periodontal treatment on GCF levels of neopterin and VCAM-1 in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared with systemically healthy CP patients. Material and methods Sixty subjects (20 CP patients with AMI, 20 healthy CP patients, and 20 healthy controls) were included. GCF samples were analyzed at baseline and after 3 and 6 months, and the probing pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing, gingival (GI) and plaque (PI) indices were recorded. We determined neopterin and VCAM-1 levels (concentration and total amount) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). No significant differences were seen between the AMI+CP and CP groups for PI, GI, GCF levels of neopterin and VCAM-1 at baseline. Results The number of teeth with 5 mm≤CAL<7 mm and CAL≥7 mm were significantly increased in the AMI+CP group at baseline. There were no significant differences between the AMI+CP and CP for PI, CAL, GCF volumes, and the AMI+CP group had the highest clinical improvement in the number of teeth with 5 mm≤CAL<7 mm at the sixth month. There were significant positive correlations between clinical periodontal inflammation and the presence of neopterin and VCAM-1 in GCF prior to and following periodontal treatment, and between the GCF volume and clinical parameters. Conclusions Data suggest that the total amount and concentration of neopterin and VCAM-1 in GCF seemed to be closely associated with periodontal disease severity in CP patients with AMI. Moreover, the results of our study demonstrate that the past periodontal status is potentially correlated between groups, with similar periodontal disease severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/analysis , Neopterin/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment/methods , Chronic Periodontitis/complications , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/etiology
16.
Clinics ; 73: e203, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952802

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory molecules play a role in the development of atherosclerosis, which is the primary origin of cardiovascular disorders. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study has attempted to investigate the relationship between these circulating molecules and the prediction of cardiovascular risk. The present study aimed to investigate the relationships of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, E-selectin and matrix metalloproteinase 9 serum concentrations with the extent of coronary lesions. METHODS: Seventy-four individuals who were undergoing coronary angiography for the first time for diagnostic purposes were enrolled in this study. The extent of the coronary lesion was assessed using the Friesinger Index, and subjects were classified into four groups: no lesions, minor lesions, intermediate lesions and major lesions. Serum biochemical parameters and serum concentrations of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, E-selectin and matrix metalloproteinase 9 were analyzed. RESULTS: The vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 concentration was higher than 876 ng/mL in individuals with intermediate and major lesions (p<0.001 and p=0.020, respectively). Moreover, logistic regression analysis showed that these patients had an increased risk of having an intermediate lesion (p=0.007). Interestingly, all individuals with major lesions had vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 concentrations higher than 876 ng/mL. No association was found between the concentrations of the other proteins and the Friesinger Index. CONCLUSIONS: Serum vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 may be associated with the extent of coronary lesions. Moreover, it may represent an alternative to improve the cardiovascular risk classification in patients without acute coronary syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , E-Selectin/blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/blood , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Coronary Artery Disease/pathology , Biomarkers/blood , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnosis
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(4): 300-304, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is one of the early stages of vascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the endothelial dysfunction markers in patients with chronic gastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS: By a cross sectional study, basic and clinical information of 120 participants (40 patients with positive H. pylori infection, 40 patients with negative H. pylori infection and 40 healthy people) were analyzed. Carotid intima media thickness and flow-mediated dilation levels were measured in all patients and controls. Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were measured with Elisa for all subjects. IgG level was assessed in chronic gastritis patients. RESULTS: The flow-mediated dilation level in patients with positive H. pylori infection (0.17%±0.09) was significantly lower than those with negative H. pylori infection (0.21% ±0.10, P<0.05) and compared to the control group (0.27% ±0.11, P<0.05). Carotid intima media thickness level in patients with positive H. pylori infection (0.58±0.13 mm) was significantly higher than those with negative H. pylori infection (0.48±0.32 mm, P<0.05) and compared to the control group (0.36±0.44mm, P<0.05). The mean level of sICAM-1 in positive H. pylori infection group (352.16±7.54 pg/mL) was higher than negative H. pylori infection group (332.64±8.75 pg/mL =0.75) and compared to the control group (236.32±12.43 pg/mL, P<0.05). A direct relationship was revealed between flow-mediated dilation and carotid intima media thickness changes and between sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 associated with the level of H. pylori IgG in chronic gastritis. CONCLUSION: The levels of flow-mediated dilation, carotid intima media thickness and sICAM-1 were higher among patients with positive H. pylori infection. Patients with chronic gastritis associated with H. pylori infection are at risk of endothelial dysfunction due to flow-mediated dilation and carotid intima media thickness abnormalities and increased level of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A disfunção endotelial é um dos estágios iniciais de doenças vasculares. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os marcadores de disfunção endotelial em pacientes com gastrite crônica associada com infecção por Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). MÉTODOS: Através de estudo cruzado seccional, foram analisadas informações básicas e clínicas de 120 participantes (40 pacientes com infecção pelo H. pylori, 40 pacientes sem infecção pelo H. pylori e 40 pessoas saudáveis). A espessura da camada íntima-média da carótida e níveis de dilatação mediada por fluxo foram medidos em todos os pacientes e controles. A adesão da molécula-1 solúvel (sVCAM-1) à célula vascular e da molécula de adesão intercelular-1 (ICAM-1) foram medidas pelo método Elisa para todas os indivíduos. O nível de H. pylori IgG foi avaliado em pacientes de gastrite crônica. RESULTADOS: O nível de dilatação mediada por fluxo em pacientes com infecção positiva pelo H. pylori foi significativamente menor do que em aqueles com infecção negativa (0,17% ±0, 09) X (0,21% ±0,10) P<0,05 e em relação ao grupo controle (0,27% ±0,11) P<0,05). O nível da espessura da íntima-média da carótida em pacientes com infecção positiva pelo H. pylori foi significativamente maior (0,58±0,13 mm) do que aqueles com negativa (0,48±0,32 mm) P<0,05) e em relação ao grupo controle (0,36±0,44 mm) P<0,05). O nível médio de sICAM-1 grupo de infecção H. pylori positiva (352,16±7,54 pg/mL) foi maior do que o grupo de infecção negativa (332,64±8,75 pg/mL = 0,75) e em relação ao grupo controle (236,32±12,43 pg/mL) P<0,05). Revelou-se uma relação direta entre a dilatação mediada por fluxo e alterações da espessura da íntima-média da carótida e sICAM-1 e sVCAM-1, associada com o nível de H. pylori IgG em gastrite crônica. CONCLUSÃO: Os níveis de dilatação mediada por fluxo, da espessura da íntima-média da carótida e sICAM-1 foram maiores entre os pacientes com infecção positiva pelo H. pylori. Pacientes com gastrite crônica associada a infecção por H. pylori correm o risco de disfunção endotelial, devido à dilatação mediada por fluxo e anormalidades da espessura da íntima-média da carótida e aumento do nível de sICAM-1 e sVCAM-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carotid Arteries/physiopathology , Helicobacter pylori , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Gastritis/physiopathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Biomarkers/blood , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Helicobacter Infections/physiopathology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Gastritis/blood , Middle Aged
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194424

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a multisystemic, chronic disease accompanied by microvascular complications involving various complicated mechanisms. Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and cluster of differentiation-146 (CD146) are mainly expressed by endothelial cells, and facilitate the adhesion and transmigration of immune cells, leading to inflammation. In the present study, we evaluated the levels of soluble adhesion molecules in patients with microvascular complications of T2DM. METHODS: Serum and whole blood samples were collected from 58 T2DM patients with microvascular complications and 20 age-matched healthy subjects. Levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble VCAM-1 (sVCAM-1) were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, while flow cytometry was used to determine CD146 levels. RESULTS: Serum sICAM-1 levels were lower in T2DM patients with microvascular complications than in healthy controls (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in sVCAM-1 and CD146 levels between the study and the control group. Although patients were subdivided into groups according to the type of microvascular complications that they experienced, cell adhesion molecule levels were not correlated with the complication type. CONCLUSION: In the study group, most of the patients were on insulin therapy (76%), and 95% of them were receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor agents. Insulin and ACE-inhibitors have been shown to decrease soluble adhesion molecule levels via various mechanisms, so we suggest that the decreased or unchanged levels of soluble forms of cellular adhesion molecules in our study group may have resulted from insulin and ACE-inhibitor therapy, as well as tissue-localized inflammation in patients with T2DM.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Chronic Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Endothelial Cells , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Inflammation , Insulin , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
19.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 48-59, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193188

ABSTRACT

Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β has been known as a pro-inflammatory molecule in neuroinflammation. The involvement of GSK-3β remains unsolved in acute monophasic rat experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The aim of this study was to evaluate a potential role of GSK-3β in central nervous system (CNS) autoimmunity through its inhibition by lithium. Lithium treatment significantly delayed the onset of EAE paralysis and ameliorated its severity. Lithium treatment reduced the serum level of pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor a but not that of interleukin 10. Western blot analysis showed that the phosphorylation of GSK-3β (p-GSK-3β) and its upstream factor Akt was significantly increased in the lithium-treated group. Immunohistochemical examination revealed that lithium treatment also suppressed the activation of ionized calcium binding protein-1-positive microglial cells and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in the spinal cords of lithium-treated EAE rats. These results demonstrate that lithium ameliorates clinical symptom of acute monophasic rat EAE, and GSK-3 is a target for the suppression of acute neuroinflammation as far as rat model of human CNS disease is involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autoimmunity , Blotting, Western , Calcium , Central Nervous System , Central Nervous System Diseases , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Glycogen Synthase Kinases , Glycogen Synthase , Glycogen , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Lithium , Models, Animal , Multiple Sclerosis , Paralysis , Phosphorylation , Rats , Spinal Cord , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endothelial adhesion molecule expression induced by pro-inflammatory cytokine plays an important role in vascular endothelial cell injury, leading to vascular disease. Allium tuberosum (AT), which is used as a functional food, has a thrombolytic effect. It contains vitamin A, vitamin C, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, and phosphorus. There are many carotenes that turn into vitamin A in the body. Also, it helps blood circulation and stimulates metabolism. The purpose of the this study was to estimate the anti-inflammatory effects of the AT extract. METHODS: Human vascular endothelial cells were pre-treated with 100 μg/mL AT extract for 30 minutes and subsequently co-treated with TNF-α (10 ng/mL) and AT extract (100 μg/mL) for 1, 4, and 6 hours. After treatment, the cells were lysed and used for quantitative reverse transcription PCR, Western blot analysis, and monocyte adhesion assay. RESULTS: We examined the effect of the AT extract on inflammatory gene expression in TNF-α-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The extract reduced the expression levels of mRNA and protein of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in TNF-α-stimulated HUVECs. It also inhibited the TNF-α-induced phosphorylation of the NF-κB p65 subunit and degradation of IκBα. Furthermore, the AT extract prevented the increased adhesion capacity of monocyte to TNF-α-stimulated vascular endothelial cells by reducing ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: The AT extract has preventive and anti-inflammatory effect against vascular disease and has potential for supporting prevention against the early process of atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Allium , Ascorbic Acid , Atherosclerosis , Blood Circulation , Blotting, Western , Calcium , Carotenoids , Chive , Endothelial Cells , Functional Food , Gene Expression , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Inflammation , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Iron , Metabolism , Monocytes , Necrosis , NF-kappa B , Phosphorus , Phosphorylation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Messenger , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Diseases , Vitamin A
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