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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 606-611, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002265

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the expression levels of the dental pulp to elucidate the role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and CD68 on vascular angiogenesis, inflammation and odontoblast differentiation in the pulp tissue of diabetic rats depending on the effect of possible damage induced by diabetes. Wistar rats were used in the study, divided into two groups. Control group was fed with standard rat chow and drinking water ad libitum for 8 weeks. Single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg), was disolved in sodium citrate buffer and administered by intraperitoneal injection. Blood glucose concentration of rats exceeding 250 mg/dl were accepted as diabetic. Rats were sacrificed under anesthesia. Tissues were immediately dissected, fixed and embedded in paraffin and cut with a microtome then examined under light microscope. In the cross-sections of pulp tissue of diabetic group; the dilation of blood vessels besides hemorrhage and a significant increase in inflammatory cells were seen. The expression of VEGF in the blood vessel endothelial cells of the pulp was increased. VEGF showed positive reaction for degenerative odontoblast cells in the pulp. In this study, increase in VEGF and CD68 expressions in pulp tissue due to the effect of diabetes was thought to delay pulp treatment by inducing soft tissue damage and hypoxia.


El propósito de este estudio fue examinar los niveles de expresión en la pulpa dental para dilucidar el papel del Factor de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular (VEGF) y el CD68 en la angiogénesis, la inflamación y la diferenciación de odontoblastos en el tejido pulpar de ratas diabéticas, dependiendo del efecto de daño inducido por la diabetes. Se utilizaron ratas Wistar divididas en dos grupos. El grupocontrol se alimentó con comida estándar para ratas y agua potable ad libitum durante 8 semanas. Se administró mediante inyección intraperitoneal dosis única de estreptozotocina (STZ) (55 mg / kg), se disolvió en tampón de citrato de sodio. La concentración de glucosa en sangre de ratas que excedían los 250 mg / dl se aceptó como diabética. Las ratas fueron sacrificadas bajo anestesia. Los tejidos se disecaron de inmediato, se fijaron en parafina y se cortaron para luego ser examinados con un microscopio óptico. En las secciones transversales del tejido pulpar del grupo diabético se observó la dilatación de los vasos sanguíneos además de hemorragia y un aumento significativo de células inflamatorias. La expresión de VEGF se incrementó en las células endoteliales de los vasos sanguíneos de la pulpa. VEGF mostró una reacción positiva para las células odontoblásticas degenerativas en la pulpa. El aumento en la expresión de VEGF y CD68 en el tejido de la pulpa debido al efecto de la diabetes puede retrasar el tratamiento de la pulpa al inducir hipoxia y daños en los tejidos blandos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Dental Pulp/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Inflammation , Neovascularization, Pathologic
2.
Biol. Res ; 52: 23, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011425

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Conjunctival filtering bleb scar formation is the main reason for the failure of glaucoma filtration surgery. Cytoglobin (Cygb) has been reported to play an important role in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, fibrosis and tissue damage repairing. This study aimed to investigate the role of Cygb in anti-scarring during excessive conjunctival wound healing after glaucoma filtration surgery. METHODS: Cygb was overexpressed in human tenon fibroblasts (hTFs) by transfecting hTFs with lentiviral particles encoding pLenti6.2-FLAG-Cygb. Changes in the mRNA and protein levels of fibronectin, collagen I, collagen III, TGF-ß1, and HIF1α were determined by RT-PCR and western blotting respectively. RESULTS: After Cygb overexpression, hTFs displayed no significant changes in visual appearance and cell counts compared to controls. Whereas, Cygb overexpression significantly decreased the mRNA and protein expression levels of collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin compared with control (p < 0.01). There was also a statistically significant decrease in the mRNA and protein levels of TGF-ß1 and HIF-1α in hTFs with overexpressed Cygb compared with control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study provided evidence that overexpression of Cygb decreased the expression levels of fibronectin, collagen I, collagen III, TGF-ß1 and HIF-1α in hTFs. Therefore, therapies targeting Cygb expression in hTFs may pave a new way for clinicians to solve the problem of post-glaucoma surgery scarring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Tenon Capsule/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Cytoglobin/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Collagen/analysis , Fibronectins/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Cytoglobin/pharmacology
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 48-53, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990003

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los niveles de VEGF y su unión a sus receptores son etapas claves en la regulación de la angiogénesis. El ácido acetilsalicílico (AAS), ampliamente utilizado en tratamiento post infarto al miocardio ha mostrado poseer un efecto antiangiogénico en modelos tumorales. Este efecto potencialmente contraproducente requiere ser estudiado en miocardio. El objetivo del presente trabajo es cuantificar el efecto de AAS y de ácido salicílico (AS) sobre la vascularización en membrana alantocoriónica (MAC) y sobre los niveles de VEGF-A y VEGFR2 en miocardio de embriones de pollo. Para ello, treinta fetos de pollo White Leghorn fueron instilados a los 10 días de gestación con 60 µL de DMSO 0,1 % (control) o conteniendo además 0,3 µmol de AAS o AS. A las 48 horas se realizó procesamiento histológico de MAC para recuento de vasos sanguíneos y de tejido cardíaco para cuantificar VEGF-A y VEGFR2 por inmunohistoquímica. La inmunorreactividad fue cuantificada mediante Image J. Tanto AAS como AS disminuyeron la densidad microvascular de MAC. En miocardio, AAS aunque no AS, disminuyó la concentración de VEGFR2. No hubo efecto sobre VEGF-A. En nuestro modelo experimental, fetos de pollo a los 10 días de gestación también se observó el efecto inhibidor de AAS sobre la angiogénesis en MAC. La disminución de VEGFR2 en cardiomiocitos sugiere que AAS también afecta la angiogénesis en miocardio sano, modificando la disponibilidad del receptor a VEGF. Estos hallazgos nos permiten postular que AAS podría interferir con la regeneración de tejido, en situaciones como post infarto al miocardio.


SUMMARY: The VEGF levels and its binding to its receptors are key stages in the regulation of angiogenesis. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), widely used in post-myocardial infarction treatment, has been shown to have an anti-angiogenic effect in tumor models. This potentially counterproductive effect requires to be studied in myocardium. The aim of this study is to quantify the effect of ASA and salicylic acid (SA) on the vascularization in chick allantochorionic membrane (CAM) and on the levels of VEGF-A and VEGFR2 in myocardium of chicken embryos. Thirty White Leghorn chicken fetuses were instilled at 10 days of gestation with 60 mL of 0.1 % DMSO (control) or also containing 0.3 mmol of ASA or SA. After 48 hours, CAM histological processing was performed to count blood vessels and heart tissue to quantify VEGFA and VEGFR2 by immunohistochemistry. Immunoreactivity was quantified by Image J. Both ASA and SA decreased CAM microvascular density. In myocardium, AAS, although not SA, decreased the concentration of VEGFR2. There was no effect on VEGF-A. In our experimental model, chicken fetuses at 10 days of gestation, the inhibitory effect of ASA on angiogenesis in CAM were also observed. The decrease in VEGFR2 in cardiomyocytes suggests that ASA also affects angiogenesis in healthy myocardium, modifying the availability of the receptor to VEGF. These findings allow us to postulate that ASA could interfere with tissue regeneration, when it is required, as post myocardial infarction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chick Embryo , Aspirin/pharmacology , Salicylic Acid/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Heart/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1453-1462, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975722

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can potentially lead to hemorrhages in all areas of the skull, which can damage cells and nerve connections. This study aims to investigate the protective effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLPS) as a antioxidant on cerebellar cell tissues after traumatic brain injury in rats. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to TBI with a weight-drop device using 300 g1m weight-height impact. The groups are consisted of control, trauma, and trauma+Ganoderma lucidum groups. At seven days post-brain injury, experimental rats were decapitated after intraperitoneal administration of ketamine HCL (0.15 ml/100 g body weight). Cereballar samples were taken for histological examination or determination of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Significant improvement was observed in cells and vascular structures of Ganoderma lucidum treated groups when compared to untreated groups. It is believed that Ganoderma lucidum may have an effect on the progression of traumatic brain injury. Ganoderma lucidum application may affect angiogenetic development in blood vessel endothelial cells, decrease inflammatory cell accumulation by affecting cytokine mechanism and may create apoptotic nerve cells and neuroprotective mechanism in glial cells.


La lesión cerebral traumática (LCT) puede provocar hemorragias en todas las áreas del cráneo, lo que puede dañar las células y las conexiones nerviosas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos protectores de los polisacáridos de Ganoderma lucidum (GLPS) como antioxidante en los tejidos de las células del cerebelo después de la lesión cerebral traumática en ratas. Ratas Sprague Dawley fueron sometidas a TBI con un dispositivo de caída de peso usando un impacto de peso de 300 g-1 m. Se formaron los siguientes grupos: control, trauma y trauma + Ganoderma lucidum. Siete días después de la lesión cerebral, las ratas experimentales fueron decapitadas después de la administración intraperitoneal de ketamina HCL (0,15 ml / 100 g de peso corporal). Se tomaron muestras cerebrales para el examen histológico y para la determinación de niveles de malondialdehído (MDA) y glutatión (GSH) y actividad de mieloperoxidasa (MPO). Se observó una mejora significativa en las células y las estructuras vasculares de los grupos tratados con Ganoderma lucidum en comparación con los grupos no tratados. Durante el estudio se observó que Ganoderma lucidum puede tener un efecto sobre la progresión de la lesión cerebral traumática. La aplicación de Ganoderma lucidum puede afectar el desarrollo angiogénico en las células endoteliales de los vasos sanguíneos, disminuir la acumulación de células inflamatorias al afectar el mecanismo de las citocinas y puede crear células nerviosas apoptóticas y un mecanismo neuroprotector en las células gliales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cerebellum/drug effects , Reishi/chemistry , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/pathology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Antigens, CD , Cerebellum/metabolism , Cerebellum/pathology , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Peroxidase/metabolism , Neuroprotective Agents , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(4): 316-322, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950479

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the effects of bevacizumab and mitomycin C alone and in combination on intraocular pressure and the scarring process after modified glaucoma filtration surgery in rabbits. Methods: The rabbits underwent modified glaucoma filtration surgery and were allocated into three groups to receive intraoperative treatment with subconjunctival bevacizumab (group A), mitomycin C and subconjunctival bevacizumab (group B), or mitomycin C (group C). Intraocular pressure was measured immediately preoperatively and on postoperative days 8, 14, 17, 21, 26, and 30. The scarring process was assessed 30 days after surgery by tissue section using hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, and picrosirius. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was assessed by immunohistochemical analyses. All analyses were performed by a masked observer. Results: Animals in group A had higher intraocular pressure than those in groups B and C (p<0.01). Intraocular pressure did not differ significantly between groups B and C. The amount of fibrosis was similar with all stains used: group A had the highest level of fibrosis compared with groups B and C (p>0.05). There was less VEGF expression in group A than in groups B and C (p<0.01). Groups B and C did not differ in VEGF expression. Conclusion: Mean intraocular pressure and fibrosis were lower in animals receiving bevacizumab in combination with mitomycin C but did not differ from values in animals receiving mitomycin C alone. Inhibition of VEGF was greater when bevacizumab was used alone than when bevacizumab was combined with mitomycin C.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os efeitos do bevacizumab, combinados ou não à mitomicina C (MMC), na pressão intraocular e processo cicatricial pós-cirurgia filtrante anti-glaucomatosa modificada em coelhos. Métodos: Os coelhos foram submetidos à cirurgia filtrante anti-glaucomatosa modificada e alocados em três grupos de acordo com o tratamento instituído - Grupo A: bevacizumab subconjuntival; Grupo B: bevacizumab subconjuntival e à mitomicina C ; Grupo C: à mitomicina C. A pressão intraocular foi aferida no período pré-operatório imediato e nos dias 8, 14, 17, 21, 26 e 30. O processo cicatricial foi avaliado no trigésimo dia de pós-operatório por meio de análise histopatológica utilizando-se hematoxilina eosina, tricrômio de Masson e picrosirius. A expressão do fator de crescimento do Endotélio Vascular (VEGF) foi avaliada por meio de análise imuno-histoquímica. Todas as análises foram feitas por um observador mascarado. Resultados: O Grupo A apresentou maior pressão intraocular que os grupos B e C (p<0.01). Não foram encontradas alterações significativas entre os grupos B e C. A quantidade de fibrose encontrada nos grupos foi similar com os 3 corantes utilizados: o Grupo A apresentou maior nível de fibrose em relação aos grupos B e C (p>0,05). Houve menor expressão de Fator de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular no Grupo A em relação aos grupos B e C (p<0,01). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na expressão de Fator de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular entre os grupos B e C. Conclusão: O bevacizumab associado à MMC apresentou pressões intraoculares mais baixas e menos fibrose, mas estes não foram estatisticamente significantes quando comparados ao uso da mitomicina C isolada. Uma maior inibição do fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular foi encontrada quando o bevacizumab foi usado isoladamente, em detrimento do seu uso associado à mitomicina C.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Glaucoma/surgery , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Bevacizumab/administration & dosage , Intraocular Pressure/drug effects , Tonometry, Ocular , Random Allocation , Models, Animal , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Drug Therapy, Combination
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(1): 51-56, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893303

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El odontólogo como profesional integral del área de la salud, debe tener conocimiento acerca de distintas manifestaciones bioquímicas que pueden tener repercusión en la cavidad oral. El objetivo del trabajo fue determinar las manifestaciones bioquímicas y alteraciones en biomarcadores salivales en la cavidad oral producto de la fibrosis quística o del consumo crónico de medicamentos para el tratamiento de la FQ. Se seleccionó un total de cinco personas con fibrosis quística y cuatro personas sanas, pertenecientes a la ciudad de Concepción en la Octava Región de Chile. Se midió pH salival, capacidad buffer, concentración de proteínas totales, tasa de flujo salival estimulado y se determinó presencia de ciertas enzimas salivales en pacientes que padecen la enfermedad. Se pudo evidenciar que el pH salival en sujetos con fibrosis quística tiende a ser mayor a los valores de referencia, la tasa de flujo salival es mucho menor al igual que la capacidad buffer, la concentración de proteínas totales en saliva se encuentra igual a los valores de referencia y se determinó la presencia biomarcadores salivales a través de la técnica de electroforesis. La fibrosis quística afecta de muchas formas a las personas que la padecen, genera cambios a nivel de los biomarcadores salivales como también en la cavidad oral, por lo que el odontólogo debe estar capacitado para identificar estos cambios y poder tratar de la mejor manera a todo tipo de paciente.


ABSTRACT: The dentist as an integral health professional must have knowledge of various biochemical manifestations that may have repercussions on the oral cavity. The objective of the study was to determine the biochemical manifestations and salivary biomarker alterations in the oral cavity resulting from cystic fibrosis or chronic consumption of drugs for the treatment of CF. We selected a total of five people with cystic fibrosis and four healthy people, from the city of Concepcion in the eighth region of Chile. Salivary pH, buffer capacity, total protein concentration, stimulated salivary flow rate and the presence of certain salivary enzymes were measured in patients suffering from the disease. It was observed that the salivary pH in subjects with cystic fibrosis tends to be higher than the reference values, the salivary flow rate and buffer capacity are less than normal, the total protein concentration in saliva is equal to the reference values and the presence of salivary biomarkers was determined through the electrophoresis technique. Cystic fibrosis affects those who suffer the disease in many ways, it generates changes at the salivary biomarker level, as well as in the oral cavity. The dentist must therefore, be able to identify these changes in order to treat them in the best possible approach for all types of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Cystic Fibrosis/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism , Chemokine CXCL10/metabolism , Saliva/chemistry , Biomarkers/metabolism , Proteins , Chile , Electrophoresis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Informed Consent
7.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(2): 149-153, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844225

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: To investigate the relation between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and lupus related neuropsychiatric manifestations. Patients and methods: Sixty adult SLE patients recruited from the Rheumatology and Neurology departments of Cairo University hospitals were classified into two groups; Group A: 30 patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations (NPSLE) and Group B: 30 patients without. For both groups the SNP G1612A (rs10434) of the VEGF gene was genotyped by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: Statistically significant difference was found in genotype and allele frequencies between both groups (AA [70% vs 13.3%, p < 0.001] and GG [10% vs 66.7%, p < 0.001]). Conclusion: Polymorphism in the gene coding for VEGF may be associated with increased incidence of neuropsychiatric lupus in SLE patients.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar a relação entre o polimorfismo genético do fator de crescimento vascular endotelial (VEGF) em pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) e manifestações neuropsiquiátricas relacionadas com o lúpus. Pacientes e métodos: Foram recrutados 60 pacientes adultos com LES nos departamentos de Reumatologia e Neurologia de hospitais universitários do Cairo e classificados em dois grupos; grupo A: 30 pacientes com manifestações neuropsiquiátricas (LESNP) e grupo B: 30 pacientes sem manifestações neuropsiquiátricas. Genotipou-se o SNP G1612A (rs10434) do gene VEGF em ambos os grupos por reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real (RT-PCR). Resultados: Foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa nas frequências genotípicas e alélicas entre os dois grupos (AA [70% vs. 13,3%, p < 0,001] e GG [10% vs. 66,7%, p < 0,001]). Conclusão: O polimorfismo no gene que codifica o VEGF pode estar associado ao aumento na incidência de lúpus neuropsiquiátrico em pacientes com LES.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Lupus Vasculitis, Central Nervous System/genetics , Lupus Vasculitis, Central Nervous System/psychology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lupus Vasculitis, Central Nervous System/diagnosis , Lupus Vasculitis, Central Nervous System/physiopathology , Gene Expression Profiling , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Genotype , Middle Aged
8.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(10): 635-641, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796907

ABSTRACT

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that requires better understanding since it continues to be a significant health problem in many parts of the world. Leprosy reactions are acute inflammatory episodes regarded as the central etiology of nerve damage in the disease. The activation of endothelium is a relevant phenomenon to be investigated in leprosy reactions. The present study evaluated the expression of endothelial factors in skin lesions and serum samples of leprosy patients. Immunohistochemical analysis of skin samples and serum measurements of VCAM-1, VEGF, tissue factor and thrombomodulin were performed in 77 leprosy patients and 12 controls. We observed significant increase of VCAM-1 circulating levels in non-reactional leprosy (p = 0.0009). The immunostaining of VEGF and tissue factor was higher in endothelium of non-reactional leprosy (p = 0.02 for both) than healthy controls. Patients with type 1 reaction presented increased thrombomodulin serum levels, compared with non-reactional leprosy (p = 0.02). In type 2 reaction, no significant modifications were observed for the endothelial factors investigated. The anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of the endotfhelial factors may play key-roles in the pathogenesis of leprosy and should be enrolled in studies focusing on alternative targets to improve the management of leprosy and its reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Leprosy/metabolism , Skin/pathology , Thrombomodulin/analysis , Thromboplastin/analysis , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Leprosy/pathology , Thrombomodulin/metabolism , Thromboplastin/metabolism , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 117-122, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778328

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are proteins that stimulate the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells. These proteins have been described in many pathologic and inflammatory conditions, but their involvement in the development of periodontitis has not been thoroughly investigated. This study compared the immunohistochemical expression of these proteins, involved in angiogenesis and hypoxia, by imunnostained inflammatory and endothelial cells in periodontal disease and healthy gingival tissues. Gingival tissue samples were divided as follows: 30 samples with chronic periodontitis, 30 with chronic gingivitis, and 30 of healthy gingiva. Results were analyzed statistically by the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Spearman correlation tests (p=0.01). Inflammatory and endothelial cells were found to express these proteins. Periodontitis showed median percentage of HIF-1α-positive cells of 39.6%, 22.0% in cases of gingivitis and 0.9% in the healthy gingiva group (p=0.001). For VEGF, median percentage of immunopositive cells was 68.7% for periodontitis, 66.1% in cases for gingivitis, and 19.2% for healthy gingival specimens (p<0.001). Significant correlation between VEGF and HIF-1α was also observed in healthy gingiva (p<0.001).The increased expression of HIF-1αα and VEGF in periodontitis, compared to gingivitis and healthy gingiva, suggests possible activation of the HIF-1α pathway in advanced periodontal disease. The correlation between HIF-1α and VEGF expression in healthy gingiva suggests a physiological function for these proteins in conditions of homeostasis. In periodontal disease, HIF-1 and VEGF expression may be regulated by other factors, in addition to hypoxia, such as bacterial endotoxins and inflammatory cytokines.


Resumo O fator induzível por hipóxia 1 alfa (HIF-1α) e o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) são proteínas que estimulam a proliferação e a migração de células endoteliais. Estas proteínas têm sido descritas em muitas condições patológicas e inflamatórias, mas o envolvimento dessas no desenvolvimento de periodontite não foi completamente investigado. Este estudo comparou a expressão imunohistoquímica destas proteínas, envolvidas na angiogênese e hipóxia, na doença periodontal e em tecidos gengivais saudáveis por meio de contagem de células inflamatórias e endoteliais imunomarcadas. As amostras de tecido gengival foram divididas da seguinte forma: 30 amostras com periodontite crônica, 30 com gengivite crônica e 30 de gengiva saudável. Os resultados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p=0.01). As células inflamatórias e endoteliais foram positivas para estas proteínas. A porcentagem média de células positivas para HIF-1α foi de 39,6% nos casos de periodontite, 22,0% nos casos de gengivite e de 0,9% no grupo de gengiva saudável (p = 0,001). A porcentagem média de células imunopositivas para o VEGF foi de 68,7% nos casos de periodontite, 66,1% nos casos de gengivite, e 19,2% em espécimes gengivais saudáveis (p<0,001). Correlação significativa entre o VEGF e HIF-1α foi observada em gengival. A expressão elevada do HIF-1α e VEGF em periodontite, comparada a gengivite e gengiva saudável, sugere ativação da via do HIF-1α, na doença periodontal avançada. A correlação entre o HIF-1α e expressão de VEGF na gengiva saudável, sugere uma função fisiológica para estas proteínas em condições de homeostase. Na doença periodontal, a expressão de HIF-1α e VEGF pode ser regulada por outros fatores, além da hipóxia, tais como endotoxinas bacterianas e citocinas inflamatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Chronic Periodontitis/metabolism , Gingiva/metabolism , Gingiva/pathology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Case-Control Studies
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 76(1): 59-65, Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774508

ABSTRACT

Abstract Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B cell bone marrow neoplasia characterized by inflammation with an intense secretion of growth factors that promote tumor growth, cell survival, migration and invasion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of pravastatin, a drug used to reduce cholesterol, in a MM cell line.Cell cycle and viability were determinate by Trypan Blue and Propidium Iodide. IL6, VEGF, bFGF and TGFβ were quantified by ELISA and qRT-PCR including here de HMG CoA reductase. It was observed reduction of cell viability, increase of cells in G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle and reducing the factors VEGF and bFGF without influence on 3-Methyl-Glutaryl Coenzyme A reductase expression.The results demonstrated that pravastatin induces cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 and decreased production of growth factors in Multiple Myeloma cell line.


Resumo O Mieloma Múltiplo é uma neoplasia de linfócitos B da medula óssea, caracterizada por inflamação com uma intensa secreção de fatores de crescimento que promovem o aumento do volume do tumor, sobrevivência celular, migração e invasão. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da pravastatina, uma droga usada para reduzir o colesterol, em um linhagem de MM. O ciclo celular e viabilidade foram determinadas por Trypan Blue e iodeto de propídio. IL6, VEGF, bFGF e TGF foram quantificadas por ELISA e qRT-PCR, incluindo aqui de HMG CoA redutase. Observou-se a redução da viabilidade das células, aumento de células na fase G0/G1 do ciclo celular e redução no VEGF e bFGF, sem influência na expressão da enzima 3-Metil-Glutaril Coenzima A redutase. Os resultados demonstraram que a pravastatina induz parada no ciclo celular em G0/G1 e diminuição da produção de fatores de crescimento em várias linhas de células de Mieloma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Pravastatin/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Anticholesteremic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line , Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Cholesterol/metabolism , Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 735-740, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21839

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of hypoxia-inducible factor-2 (HIF-2α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with radiographic severity in primary osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Expression of these two factors in cartilage samples from OA knee joints was examined at mRNA and protein levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Knee joints were examined using plain radiographs, and OA severity was assessed using the Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grading system. Specimens were collected from 29 patients (31 knees) who underwent total knee replacement because of severe medial OA of the knee (KL grades 3 and 4), 16 patients who underwent knee arthroscopy (KL grade 2), and 5 patients with traumatic knees (KL grade 0). HIF-2α and VEGF expression was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. RESULTS: Cartilage degeneration correlated with the radiographic severity grade. OA severity, determined using the Mankin scale, correlated positively with the KL grade (r=0.8790, p<0.01), and HIF-2α and VEGF levels with the radiographic severity of knee OA (r=0.7001, p<0.05; r=0.6647, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In OA cartilage, HIF-2α and VEGF mRNA and protein levels were significantly and positively correlated. The expression of both factors correlated positively with the KL grade. HIF-2α and VEGF, therefore, may serve as biochemical markers as well as potential therapeutic targets in knee OA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Arthroscopy , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Cartilage/metabolism , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/blood , RNA, Messenger , Radiography , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severity of Illness Index , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1109-1114, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762913

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus that may result in blindness. We evaluated the effects of activation of endogenous angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) 2 on the early stages of DR. Rats were administered an intravenous injection of streptozotocin to induce hyperglycemia. The ACE2 activator 1-[[2-(dimethylamino) ethyl] amino]-4-(hydroxymethyl)-7-[[(4-methylphenyl) sulfonyl] oxy]-9H-xanthone 9 (XNT) was administered by daily gavage. The death of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) was evaluated in histological sections, and retinal ACE2, caspase-3, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expressions were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. XNT treatment increased ACE2 expression in retinas of hyperglycemic (HG) rats (control: 13.81±2.71 area%; HG: 14.29±4.30 area%; HG+XNT: 26.87±1.86 area%; P<0.05). Importantly, ACE2 activation significantly increased the RCG number in comparison with HG animals (control: 553.5±14.29; HG: 530.8±10.3 cells; HG+XNT: 575.3±16.5 cells; P<0.05). This effect was accompanied by a reduction in the expression of caspase-3 in RGC of the HG+XNT group when compared with untreated HG rats (control: 18.74±1.59; HG: 38.39±3.39 area%; HG+XNT: 27.83±2.80 area%; P<0.05). Treatment with XNT did not alter the VEGF expression in HG animals (P>0.05). Altogether, these findings indicate that activation of ACE2 reduced the death of retinal ganglion cells by apoptosis in HG rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hyperglycemia/complications , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/metabolism , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Retinal Diseases/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention/methods , Administration, Oral , Apoptosis , /metabolism , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Cell Survival/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Enzyme Activation , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced , Immunohistochemistry , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Retinal Diseases/metabolism , Retinal Ganglion Cells/metabolism , Retinal Ganglion Cells/pathology , Streptozocin , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Xanthones/administration & dosage
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(2): 522-526, jun. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755504

ABSTRACT

Placental angiogenesis, is essential for embryonic and fetal development. In this study, 18 gestational diabetes mellitus and 22 control pregnancies were included. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) groups compared to the control group significantly higher values were detected (p<0.01). The following histological results were assessed; villous immaturity, chorangiosis, presence of, sncytial knots,mononuclear cell infiltration ischemia and fibrinoid necrosis. To evaluate and compare the placental histology of normal and GDM pregnancies. placentas of pregnant women with gestational diabetes also in terms of angiogenesis and macrophages and ultratructural revealed by examining the possible relationship between fetal complications were investigated.


La angiogénesis de la placenta es esencial para el desarrollo embrionario y fetal. En este estudio, se incluyeron 18 casos de diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) y 22 embarazos de control. En grupos los de DMG en comparación con el control, se detectaron valores significativamente mayores (p<0,01) en los siguientes parámetros histológicos que fueron evaluados: inmadurez vellosa, chorangiosis, presencia de nodos sincicial, infiltración celular isquémica mononuclear y necrosis fibrinoide. La investigación de las placentas de mujeres con DMG, reveló mediante el examen en términos de angiogénesis, macrófagos y ultraestructural, la posible relación entre las complicaciones fetales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Diabetes, Gestational/pathology , Placenta/ultrastructure , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Immunohistochemistry , Microscopy, Electron , Placenta/metabolism
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(1): 85-88, Mar. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-743768

ABSTRACT

Dithiocarbamate propinebs are organometal fungicides that are widely used for the control of diseases in plants. In this study, pregnant female rats received 400 ppm propineb concentrations in 5 ml distilled water for 16 days of gestation, and then infant rats were obtained by cesarean section. In the histological analysis on the frontal sections, the use of propineb was found effective on odontoblast cell hyperplasia, cell infiltration in the dental papilla, and degeneration in the mesenchymal cells of the outer enamel. The expression of MMP-2 (Matrix Metalloproteinase-2) and VEGF (Endothelial cell growth factor) in the connective tissue was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The drinking water given to the mothers in propineb tooth bud, enamel and dentin, resulted in morphological changes suggestive of a delay in formation, which cross the placental barrier and possibly affect the tooth development.


Los ditiocarbamatos (Propineb) son fungicidas organometálicos que son ampliamente utilizados para el control de enfermedades en las plantas. En este estudio, ratas hembras preñadas recibieron concentraciones de 4000 ppm de propineb en 5 ml de agua destilada durante 16 días de su gestación. Luego, las crías de las ratas fueron obtenidas mediante cesárea para su estudio estudio histológico. En el análisis histológico de las secciones frontales, el uso de propineb fue positivo para la hiperplasia de las células odontoblástica, infiltración de células en la papila dental, y la degeneración en las células mesenquimales del epitelio externo del esmalte. La expresión de MMP-2 (metaloproteinasa de la matriz 2) y VEGF (factor de crecimiento de células endoteliales) en el tejido conectivo se evaluó por inmunohistoquímica. El agua potable con propineb dada a las madres actuó sobre el brote dentario, esmalte y dentina; se tradujo en cambios morfológicos indicativos de un retraso en la formación. Por tanto, el propineb atraviesa la barrera placentaria y posiblemente afecten el desarrollo de los dientes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Fungicides, Industrial/toxicity , Odontogenesis/drug effects , Zineb/analogs & derivatives , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Zineb/toxicity
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(1): 86-88, Jan-Feb/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735838

ABSTRACT

This paper presents a case of osteonecrosis of the jaw related to zoledronic acid (5 mg) administered once yearly to treat osteoporosis. A 79-year-old woman who has been treated for osteoporosis for 5 years with 5 applications of zoledronic acid was referred for evaluation. The patient had been submitted to dental implant placement and there was no osseointegration. On clinical examination, suppuration and exposed bone on the alveolar ridge were observed. Radiographic examination revealed an osteolytic area and bone sequestration. Both clinical and radiological features were suggestive of osteonecrosis. The treatment consisted of surgery to remove the affected bone completely. The patient is asymptomatic at 9 months after surgery. Dentists and oral surgeons should be alert to the possibility of osteonecrosis related to the use of once-yearly injections of zoledronic acid for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.


O presente estudo teve como objetivo apresentar um caso de osteonecrose dos maxilares associada ao uso de ácido zoledrônico (5 mg) administrado uma vez ao ano para tratar a osteoporose. Uma mulher de 79 anos de idade estava em tratamento de osteoporose por 5 anos com 5 aplicações do ácido zoledrônico foi encaminhada para nossa avaliação. A paciente tinha sido submetida à colocação de implante dental e não houve osseointegração. Ao exame clínico, supuração e osso exposto no rebordo alveolar foram observados. Os exames radiográficos revelaram uma área osteolítica e sequestro ósseo. Ambos os aspectos clínicos e radiográficos eram sugestivos de osteonecrose. O tratamento consistiu de cirurgia para remover todo o osso afetado. A paciente está assintomática há 9 meses (desde a cirurgia). Cirurgiões-dentistas e cirurgiões orais devem estar atentos para a possibilidade de osteonecrose relacionada ao uso de injeções anuais de ácido zoledrônico para tratamento da osteoporose pós-menopausa.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Brain/pathology , Cell Differentiation , Encephalitis/pathology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/pathology , Brain/metabolism , Encephalitis/metabolism , Fetus/metabolism , Fetus/pathology , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/metabolism , Neuroglia/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
16.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950806

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous reports have described a decrease in retinal temperature and clinical improvement of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after vitrectomy. We hypothesized that the retinal temperature decrease after vitrectomy plays a part in the suppression of wet AMD development. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the temperature dependence of the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and in vitro angiogen-esis in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). RESULTS: We cultured ARPE-19 cells at 37, 35, 33 and 31°C and measured the expression of VEGF-A, VEGF-A splicing variants, and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). We performed an in vitro tube formation assay. The dehydrogenase activity was also evaluated at each temperature. Expression of VEGF-A significantly decreased with decreased temperature while PEDF expression did not. VEGF165 expression and in vitro angiogenesis also were temperature dependent. The dehydrogenase activity significantly decreased as the culture temperature decreased. CONCLUSIONS: RPE cultured under hypothermia that decreased cellular metabolism also had decreased VEGF-A and sustained PEDF expression, creating an anti-angiogenic environment. This mechanism may be associated with a beneficial effect after vitrectomy in patients with wet AMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Serpins/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Eye Proteins/metabolism , Retinal Pigment Epithelium/metabolism , Hypothermia , Nerve Growth Factors/metabolism , Time Factors , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Cell Line , Neovascularization, Physiologic
17.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-13, 2015. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leptin, the cytokine produced by white adipose tissue is known to regulate food energy homeostasis through its hypothalamic receptor. In vitro studies have demonstrated that leptin plays a major role in angiogenesis through binding to the receptor Ob-R present on ECs by stimulating and initiating new capillary like structures from ECs. Various in vivo studies indicate that leptin has diverse effect on angiogenesis. A few reports have showed that leptin exerts pro angiogenic effects while some suggested that it has antiangiogenic potential. It is theoretically highly important to understand the effect of leptin on angiogenesis to use as a therapeutic molecule in various angiogenesis related pathological conditions. Chicken chorio allantoic membrane (CAM) on 9th day of incubation was incubated with 1, 3 and 5 µg concentration of HRL for 72 h using gelatin sponge. Images where taken after every 24 h of incubation and analysed with Angioguant software. The treated area was observed under microscope and histological evaluation was performed for the same. Tissue thickness was calculated morphometrically from haematoxylin and eosin stained cross sections. Reverse transcriptase PCR and immunohistochemistry were also performed to study the gene and protein level expression of angiogenic molecules. RESULTS: HRL has the ability to induce new vessel formation at the treated area and growth of the newly formed vessels and cellular morphological changes occur in a dose dependent manner. Increase in the tissue thickness at the treated area is suggestive of initiation of new capillary like structures. Elevated mRNA and protein level expression of VEGF165 and MMP2 along with the activation of ECs as demonstrated by the presence of CD34 expression supports the neovascularization potential of HRL. CONCLUSION: Angiogenic potential of HRL depends on the concentration and time of incubation and is involved in the activation of ECs along with the major interaction of VEGF 165 and MMP2. It is also observed that 3 µg of HRL exhibits maximum angiogenic potential at 72 h of incubation. Thus our data suggest that dose dependent angiogenic potential HRL could provide a novel role in angiogenic dependent therapeutics such as ischemia and wound healing conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Chick Embryo , Zygote , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Leptin/administration & dosage , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/administration & dosage , Chorioallantoic Membrane/drug effects , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Gelatinases/metabolism , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Chorioallantoic Membrane/enzymology , Chorioallantoic Membrane/blood supply , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Microscopy
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) interaction with its receptor, VEGFR-3/Flt-4, regulates lymphangiogenesis. VEGFR-3/Flt-4 expression in cancer cells has been correlated with clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, and lymphatic invasion. The objective of this study is to identify a VEGFR-3/Flt-4-interacting peptide that could be used to inhibit VEGFR-3 for ovarian cancer therapy. METHODS: The extracellular fragment of recombinant human VEGFR-3/Flt-4 (rhVEGFR-3/Flt-4) fused with coat protein pIII was screened against a phage-displayed random peptide library. Using affinity enrichment and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) screening, positive clones of phages were amplified. Three phage clones were selected after four rounds of biopanning, and the specific binding of the peptides to rhVEGFR-3 was detected by ELISA and compared with that of VEGF-D. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analyses of ovarian cancer tissue sections was undertaken to demonstrate the specificity of the peptides. RESULTS: After four rounds of biopanning, ELISA confirmed the specificity of the enriched bound phage clones for rhVEGFR-3. Sequencing and translation identified three different peptides. Non-competitive ELISA revealed that peptides I, II, and III had binding affinities for VEGFR-3 with Kaff (affinity constant) of 16.4+/-8.6 microg/mL (n=3), 9.2+/-2.1 microg/mL (n=3), and 174.8+/-31.1 microg/mL (n=3), respectively. In ovarian carcinoma tissue sections, peptide III (WHWLPNLRHYAS), which had the greatest binding affinity, also co-localized with VEGFR-3 in endothelial cells lining lymphatic vessels; its labeling of ovarian tumors in vivo was also confirmed. CONCLUSION: These finding showed that peptide III has high specificity and activity and, therefore, may represent a potential therapeutic approach to target VEGF-VEGFR-3 signaling for the treatment or diagnosis of ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Peptide Library , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Signal Transduction/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3/antagonists & inhibitors
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 80(6): 503-507, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730445

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Vascular endothelial growth factor is thought to be an important angiogenic factor involved in tumor growth, progression, and metastasis. Objective: The present study evaluated the relation between tissue expression, serum and salivary levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, and their correlation with clinicopathologic features. Methods: Samples were collected from 30 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and 24 healthy volunteers. Immunohistochemical analysis was used for tissue expression and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure serum and salivary levels. Results: No vascular endothelial growth factor staining was observed in normal tissues, whereas vascular endothelial growth factor expression was seen in 6 patients (20%). Mean serum level of VEGF was 83.7 ± 104.47 in patients and 50.04 ± 32.94 in controls. Mean salivary level of vascular endothelial growth factor was 174.41 ± 115.07 in patients and 149.58 ± 101.88 in controls. No significant difference was found by Mann-Whitney test between controls and patients (p = 0.411, p = 0.944, respectively). No correlation was found between vascular endothelial growth factor tissue expression and its serum and salivary level. Conclusion: Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor was found in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients, suggesting its role in the pathogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, but no relation was found between tissue expression, serum levels, and salivary levels of this marker. .


Introdução: Acredita-se que o fator de crescimento vascular endotelial (FCEV) seja um importante fator angiogênico envolvido no crescimento, na progressão e na metástase tumoral. Objetivo: O presente estudo avalia a relacão entre a expressão tecidual e os níveis séricos e salivares do FCEV em carcinomas de células escamosas da cabeca e pescoco (CCECPs) e sua correlacão com aspectos clinicopatológicos. Método: Foram coletadas amostras de 30 pacientes com CCECP e de 24 voluntários saudáveis. Utilizamos análise imuno-histoquímica para a expressão tecidual e ELISA para determinação dos níveis séricos e salivares. Resultados: Não foi observada coloração para FCEV nos tecidos normais, enquanto que foi observada expressão de FCEV em seis pacientes (20%). O nível sérico médio de FCEV foi 83,7 ± 104,47 em pacientes e 50,04 ± 32,94 em controles. O nível salivar médio de FCEV foi de 174,41 ± 115,07 em pacientes e 149,58 ± 101,88 em controles. Não foi observada diferenca significativa pelo teste de Mann-Whitney entre controles e pacientes (respectivamente, p = 0,411, p = 0,944). Não foi observada relacão entre a expressão tecidual de FCEV e seus níveis séricos e salivares. Conclusão: A expressão elevada de FCEV foi observada em pacientes com CCECP, e isso sugere seu papel na patogênese de CCECP, mas não foi observada relacão entre a expressão tecidual e os níveis séricos e salivares desse marcador. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Saliva/chemistry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 886-894, 10/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722168

ABSTRACT

Administration or expression of growth factors, as well as implantation of autologous bone marrow cells, promote in vivo angiogenesis. This study investigated the angiogenic potential of combining both approaches through the allogenic transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) expressing human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF). After establishing a hind limb ischemia model in Sprague Dawley rats, the animals were randomly divided into four treatment groups: MSCs expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP-MSC), MSCs expressing hbFGF (hbFGF-MSC), MSC controls, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) controls. After 2 weeks, MSC survival and differentiation, hbFGF and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, and microvessel density of ischemic muscles were determined. Stable hbFGF expression was observed in the hbFGF-MSC group after 2 weeks. More hbFGF-MSCs than GFP-MSCs survived and differentiated into vascular endothelial cells (P<0.001); however, their differentiation rates were similar. Moreover, allogenic transplantation of hbFGF-MSCs increased VEGF expression (P=0.008) and microvessel density (P<0.001). Transplantation of hbFGF-expressing MSCs promoted angiogenesis in an in vivo hind limb ischemia model by increasing the survival of transplanted cells that subsequently differentiated into vascular endothelial cells. This study showed the therapeutic potential of combining cell-based therapy with gene therapy to treat ischemic disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Extremities/blood supply , /metabolism , Gene Expression , Ischemia/physiopathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Antigens, Surface/analysis , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Disease Models, Animal , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Ischemia/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transplantation, Homologous , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
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