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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 193 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438511

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O mundo globalizado, a ampliação da produção de bens e prestação serviços e a sociedade ininterruptamente ativa afetaram o contexto social e a organização do trabalho, ampliando jornadas de trabalho para além dos horários diurnos. As atividades laborais ou sociais prolongam o tempo de alerta, inclusive durante à noite, o que pode causar alteração nos ritmos biológicos e efeitos adversos à saúde, predispondo ao desenvolvimento de distúrbios metabólicos, mentais e doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, especialmente as doenças cardiovasculares. Várias categorias profissionais trabalham em turnos, mas os trabalhadores da área de saúde têm sua atuação intrinsecamente relacionada a turnos noturnos, estando expostos ao desenvolvimento precoce de desfechos cardiovasculares adversos. Objetivo: Determinar se existe associação entre o turno de trabalho, pressão arterial central e rigidez arterial de profissionais da equipe de enfermagem. Métodos: Foram realizados três sub estudos. O primeiro foi uma revisão sistemática sobre o trabalho em turnos e a rigidez arterial precoce. O segundo e o terceiro estudos foram de desenho transversal realizados em profissionais da equipe de enfermagem de um hospital escola da cidade de Maceió-Alagoas. Os profissionais foram entrevistados e caracterizados sócio demograficamente, quanto às condições de saúde, hábitos de vida, percepção de estresse, escalas de trabalho e cronotipo. Foi realizada avaliação do estado nutricional antropométrico e foram avaliados os parâmetros de pressão arterial braquial, central e rigidez arterial, por métodos não invasivos. Os profissionais foram submetidos a análises dos padrões de sono e vigília, por actigrafia, associado a um diário de atividade e repouso. Os dados resultantes foram apresentados como média e desvio padrão para as variáveis quantitativas e frequências relativas e absolutas para as variáveis categóricas. O segundo artigo testou a associação entre a duração total do sono e três desfechos: a velocidade da onda de pulso, o augmentation index e a pressão arterial central. Para tanto, foi realizada a análise de spline cúbico de três nós. O terceiro artigo examinou a associação de forma direta ou mediada entre os anos de exposição ao trabalho noturno e a rigidez arterial, por meio da análise de caminhos. Resultados: A análise dos onze artigos incluídos na revisão sistemática não trouxe evidências suficientes para afirmar que o trabalho em turnos aumenta de forma independente a rigidez arterial em trabalhadores em turnos. No segundo estudo, a duração do sono de trabalhadores em turnos foi associada, na forma de curva em U, com o augmentation index; indicando haver risco de funcionalidade vascular alterada associada a menor ou maior duração do sono. No terceiro estudo, a exposição ao trabalho em turnos foi associada, por mediação do jet lag social, com maiores valores de velocidade da onda de pulso, que prediz maior risco cardiovascular. O jet lag social, também foi associado a mais alta percepção de estresse e maior duração do sono. Considerações finais: As modificações dos indicadores de função vascular encontrados, se somados a características individuais de sexo, idade, fatores genéticos, maior ou menor tolerância ao trabalho noturno, bem como manutenção ou não de hábitos de vida saudáveis, podem potencializar riscos cardiovasculares nos profissionais que trabalham em turnos.


Introduction: The globalized world, the expansion of the production of goods and services and the uninterruptedly active society have affected the social context and the organization of work, extending working hours beyond the daytime hours. Working or social activities have prolonged alertness time, including during the night, which can cause changes in biological rhythms and adverse effects on health, predisposing to the development of metabolic and mental disorders and non-transmissible chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases. Several professional categories work in shifts, but health care workers have their performance intrinsically related to night shifts, being exposed to the early development of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Objective: To determine whether there is an association between work shift, central blood pressure and arterial stiffness of nursing staff professionals. Methods: Three sub-studies were conducted. The first was a systematic review on shift work and early arterial stiffness. The second and third studies were of cross-sectional design carried out in professionals of the nursing team of a teaching hospital in the city of Maceió-Alagoas. The professionals were interviewed and characterized socio-demographically, regarding health conditions, life habits, perception of stress, work schedules and chronotype. The anthropometric nutritional status was evaluated and the brachial and central arterial pressure and arterial stiffness parameters were assessed by non-invasive methods. The professionals were submitted to analyses of sleep and wakefulness patterns, by actigraphy, associated with an activity and rest diary. The resulting data were presented as mean and standard deviation for quantitative variables and relative and absolute frequencies for categorical variables. The second article tested the association between total sleep duration and three outcomes: pulse wave velocity, augmentation index, and central blood pressure. For this purpose, three-node cubic spline analysis was performed. The third paper examined the direct or mediated association between years of exposure to night work and arterial stiffness, using pathway analysis. Results: Analysis of the eleven articles included in the systematic review did not yield sufficient evidence to state that shift work independently increases arterial stiffness in shift workers. In the second study, sleep duration of shift workers was associated, in the form of a U-curve, with augmentation index, indicating that there is a risk of altered vascular functionality associated with shorter or longer sleep duration. In the third study, exposure to shift work was associated, through mediation of social jet lag, with higher pulse wave velocity values, which predicts higher cardiovascular risk. Jet lag was also associated with higher perceived stress and longer sleep duration. Final considerations: The changes in the vascular function indicators found, when added to individual characteristics of sex, age, genetic factors, greater or lesser tolerance to night work, as well as maintainance or not of healthy life habits, may potentiate cardiovascular risks in shift-workers.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Occupational Health , Vascular Stiffness , Pulse Wave Analysis , Arterial Pressure , Shift Work Schedule , Nursing, Team
2.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 30(3): 67-73, set. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517004

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A síndrome metabólica (SM) é considerada um importante fator de risco para doenças cardiovasculares por promover mudanças biomecânicas nas paredes dos vasos que acarretam rigidez arterial (RA). Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre a síndrome metabólica e rigidez arterial. Além de descrever a população de estudo segundo características sociodemográficas e clínicas. Métodos: Estudos transversal de base populacional, na área restrita do Vale do Ogunjá, Salvador-Bahia. Foram obtidos dados sociodemográficos, por meio de questionário e dados clínicos. A VOP foi avaliada por tonometria de aplanação com o aparelho SphygmoCor® (AtCor Medical Pty Ltd, New South Wales, Austrália). Foram obtidas medidas de frequência e descritivas de central e dispersão, e o teste Qui-quadrado para análise estatística. Resultados: A VOP alterada foi mais prevalente em indivíduos que foram diagnosticados com a síndrome metabólica (37,2%), com uma razão de prevalência 2,0 vezes maiores quando comparados aos indivíduos hígidos (IC95%: 0,86 ­ 4,45). Houve também maior prevalência da RA no sexo masculino (30,4%), na faixa etária entre 40 a 74 anos (38,7%), em autodeclarados preto/pardo (27,4%), em divorciados/viúvos (38,9%) e com baixo nível de escolaridade (38,5%). As diferenças proporcionais entre os indivíduos com e sem rigidez arterial foram estatisticamente significantes entre as variáveis escolaridade (p=0,022), faixa etária (p=0,001) e hipertensão arterial (p=0,000). Por outro lado, não foram encontradas diferenças proporcionais estatisticamente significantes (p>0,05) entre as variáveis sexo, cor e estado civil, assim como para a síndrome metabólica e as variáveis que fazem parte da sua definição (hipertrigliceridemia, HDL, glicemia de jejum e obesidade abdominal), com exceção da hipertensão arterial. Conclusão: Apesar da maior prevalência de rigidez arterial em indivíduos com síndrome metabólica, não foi encontrada uma associação estatisticamente significante entre essas duas variáveis. Foi possível verificar uma associação estatisticamente significante entre a hipertensão arterial, indivíduos com idade mais avançada e com baixo nível de escolaridade e a rigidez arterial. (AU)


iomechanical changes in the walls of the vessels that cause arterial stiffness (AR). Objetive: Analyze the association between Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and arterial stiffness and to characterize the study population according to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Methods: Cross-sectional population-based studies, in the restricted area of Vale do Ogunjá, Salvador-Bahia. Sociodemographic data, through questionnaire and clinical data were obtained. A PWV was evaluated by applanation tonometry using the device SphygmoCor® (AtCor Medical Pty Ltd, New South Wales, Australia). Frequency and descriptive measurements of central and dispersion were obtained, and the Chi-square test to statistical analysis. Results: The altered PWV was more prevalent in individuals who were diagnosed with the metabolic syndrome (37.2%), with a prevalence ratio 2.0 times higher when compared to healthy individuals (95% CI: 0.86 - 4.45). There was also a higher prevalence of AR in males (30.4%), aged between 40 and 74 years (38.7%), in self-declared black / brown (27.4%), in divorced / widowed (38, 9%) and with a low level of education (38.5%). The proportional differences between individuals with and without arterial stiffness were statistically significant between the variables education (p = 0.022), age group (p = 0.001) and arterial hypertension (p = 0.000). On the other hand, there were no statistically significant proportional differences (p> 0.05) between the variables gender, color and marital status, as well as for the metabolic syndrome and the variables that are part of its definition (hypertriglyceridemia, HDL, blood glucose) fasting and abdominal obesity), with the exception of arterial hypertension. Conclusion: Despite the higher prevalence of arterial stiffness in individuals with metabolic syndrome, no statistically significant association was found between these two variables. It was possible to verify a statistically significant association between arterial hypertension, individuals with older age and with low level of education and arterial stiffness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Metabolic Syndrome , Vascular Stiffness , Pulse Wave Analysis
3.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 56-60, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411145

ABSTRACT

Introduction. COVID-19appears to have a vascular tropism responsible for diffuse vasculitis-like cell damage. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of Sars-Cov-2 infection on arterial stiffness.Material and methods. This was a cross-sectional analytical case-controlstudy with 1:1 matching (1 case to 1 control) over a six-month period from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 at the medical-social centerof the autonomous port of Douala. We measured the pulse wave velocity (PWV) in two groups of patients (group 1: COVID-19and group 2: non-COVID-19) using a MOBIL-O-GRAPH 24h PWA MonitorTM. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant.Result. A total of 122 patients (61 COVID-19and 61 non-covid) were included in this study, among which 68 (55.7%) male. The mean age was 41±11 years. PWV as well as POV adjusted for age and mean BP were similar in both groups. The mean 24-hour, diurnal and nocturnal PWV were slightly higher in COVID-19patients than in controls by 0.1 m/s (p=0.67), 0.2m/s (p=0.37) and 0.2m/s (p=0.25) respectively. COVID-19infection was not significantly associated with PWV (p=0.082).Conclusion. PWV were slightly higher in COVID-19patients and increased arterial stiffness was not significantly associated with COVID-19status in the acute phase of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulse Wave Analysis , COVID-19 , Acute Disease , Vascular Stiffness
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 400-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To utilized the baseline data of the Beijing Fangshan Family Cohort Study, and to estimate whether the association between a healthy lifestyle and arterial stiffness might be modified by genetic effects.@*METHODS@#Probands and their relatives from 9 rural areas in Fangshan district, Beijing were included in this study. We developed a healthy lifestyle score based on five lifestyle behaviors: smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index (BMI), dietary pattern, and physical activity. The measurements of arterial stiffness were brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and ankle-brachial index (ABI). A variance component model was used to determine the heritability of arterial stiffness. Genotype-environment interaction effects were performed by the maximum likelihood methods. Subsequently, 45 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the glycolipid metabolism pathway were selected, and generalized estimated equations were used to assess the gene-environment interaction effects between particular genetic loci and healthy lifestyles.@*RESULTS@#A total of 6 302 study subjects across 3 225 pedigrees were enrolled in this study, with a mean age of 56.9 years and 45.1% male. Heritability of baPWV and ABI was 0.360 (95%CI: 0.302-0.418) and 0.243 (95%CI: 0.175-0.311), respectively. Significant genotype-healthy diet interaction on baPWV and genotype-BMI interaction on ABI were observed. Following the findings of genotype-environment interaction analysis, we further identified two SNPs located in ADAMTS9-AS2 and CDH13 might modify the association between healthy dietary pattern and arterial stiffness, indicating that adherence to a healthy dietary pattern might attenuate the genetic risk on arterial stiffness. Three SNPs in CDKAL1, ATP8B2 and SLC30A8 were shown to interact with BMI, implying that maintaining BMI within a healthy range might decrease the genetic risk of arterial stiffness.@*CONCLUSION@#The current study discovered that genotype-healthy dietary pattern and genotype-BMI interactions might affect the risk of arterial stiffness. Furthermore, we identified five genetic loci that might modify the relationship between healthy dietary pattern and BMI with arterial stiffness. Our findings suggested that a healthy lifestyle may reduce the genetic risk of arterial stiffness. This study has laid the groundwork for future research exploring mechanisms of arterial stiffness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Ankle Brachial Index , Cohort Studies , Gene-Environment Interaction , Vascular Stiffness/genetics , Pedigree , Pulse Wave Analysis/methods , Genotype
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 296-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969777

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of individual and combined assessment of age- and sex-specific brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and pulse pressure (PP) on all-cause mortality. Methods: This study is a prospective cohort study. Individuals participated in the Kailuan Study and completed baPWV measurements between 2010 and 2016 were included in this study. After stratifying by sex, 75th percentile baPWV and PP values for different age group were calculated at five years interval. BaPWV and PP values below the 75th percentile were defined as normal, and those above or equal to the 75th percentile were defined as increased. The participants were allocated to four groups according to their PP and baPWV status: normal baPWV/PP group, high baPWV/normal PP group, normal baPWV/high PP group and high baPWV/PP group. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality during the follow-up period. Cox proportional hazards models were used to explore the impact of individual and combined assessment of baPWV and PP on all-cause mortality events. Results: A total of 39 339 participants were enrolled in this study, aged (49.3±12.8) years, of which 28 731 (73.03%) were males. There were 23 268, 6 025, 6 210 and 3 836 cases in the normal baPWV/PP group, high baPWV/normal PP group, normal baPWV/high PP group and high baPWV/PP group, respectively. The average follow-up duration was (4.98±2.53) years. During the follow-up period, all-cause mortality occurred in 998 individuals. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed increased risk of all-cause mortality in the high baPWV/normal PP group (HR=1.27, 95%CI 1.07-1.50), and in the high baPWV/PP group (HR=1.33, 95%CI 1.08-1.65) compared to the normal baPWV/PP group. Increased pulse pressure alone had no impcat on all-cause death (HR=1.06, 95%CI 0.87-1.29). Conclusions: The risk of all-cause mortality significantly increases with increased age-and sex-specific baPWV and PP values. BaPWV may be a better predictor of all-cause mortality than PP in this cohort.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Blood Pressure , Ankle Brachial Index , Prospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Ankle , Vascular Stiffness , Risk Factors
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 244-248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981535

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 48.0% of all deaths in Europe and 34.3% in the United States. Studies have shown that arterial stiffness takes precedence over vascular structural changes and is therefore considered to be an independent predictor of many cardiovascular diseases. At the same time, the characteristics of Korotkoff signal is related to vascular compliance. The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility of detecting vascular stiffness based on the characteristics of Korotkoff signal. First, the Korotkoff signals of normal and stiff vessels were collected and preprocessed. Then the scattering features of Korotkoff signal were extracted by wavelet scattering network. Next, the long short-term memory (LSTM) network was established as a classification model to classify the normal and stiff vessels according to the scattering features. Finally, the performance of the classification model was evaluated by some parameters, such as accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. In this study, 97 cases of Korotkoff signal were collected, including 47 cases from normal vessels and 50 cases from stiff vessels, which were divided into training set and test set according to the ratio of 8 : 2. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the final classification model was 86.4%, 92.3% and 77.8%, respectively. At present, non-invasive screening method for vascular stiffness is very limited. The results of this study show that the characteristics of Korotkoff signal are affected by vascular compliance, and it is feasible to use the characteristics of Korotkoff signal to detect vascular stiffness. This study might be providing a new idea for non-invasive detection of vascular stiffness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Stiffness , Neural Networks, Computer , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 73-76, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360699

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship and prognostic significance of cardio-ankle vascular index, which is a measure of arterial stiffness that can lead to endothelial dysfunction and poor cardiovascular issues in COVID-19 patients, with COVID-19. METHODS: The study included 115 patients, of which 65 patients in the case group with Real time reversetranscription-polymerasechainreaction test positive and diagnosed for COVID-19 and 50 volunteers in the control group. Patients with COVID-19 were classified as moderate/severe or mild COVID-19 in the subgroup analysis based on the severity of the disease. We investigated the relationship between cardio-ankle vascular index and COVID-19 by using the VaSera VS-1000 device to automatically measure each patient's cardio-ankle vascular index and ankle-brachial pressure index. RESULTS: The mean age of participants included in the study was 65.7±10.7 years. Patients and volunteers were statistically similar in terms of age, gender, comorbidities, Charlson comorbidity index scores, and body mass index values (p>0.05). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 9.6±2.4 in the case group and 8.5±1.1 in the control group (p=0.004). The left-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 9.4±2.7 in the case group and 8.5±1.2 in the control group (p=0.01). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 10.8±3.4 in the moderate/severe disease group and 8.8±0.9 in the mild disease group (p=0.008). The left-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 10.7±3.6 in the moderate/severe disease group and 8.5±1.5 in the mild disease group (p<0.001). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index and left-cardio-ankle vascular index values were found to be significantly higher in COVID-19 patients in our study. When receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to distinguish moderate/severe COVID-19 patients from mild patients, right-cardio-ankle vascular index was area under the curve 0.757 (0.630-0.884), and left-cardio-ankle vascular index was area under the curve 0.782 (0.661-0.902). CONCLUSION: The right-cardio-ankle vascular index and left-cardio-ankle vascular index values increased in COVID-19 patients in our study, and this was thought to be prognostically significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Vascular Stiffness , COVID-19/diagnosis , Ankle Brachial Index , SARS-CoV-2 , Ankle , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31119, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372680

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os fatores associados ao comprometimento da qualidade de vida em pacientes com isquemia crônica ameaçadora ao membro não estão bem estabelecidos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre a qualidade de vida e os índices de rigidez arterial, velocidade de onda de pulso (VOP) e o índice de aumentação normalizado para a frequência cardíaca de 75 bpm (AIx@75). Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, observacional, com a participação de 17 pacientes (65,65 ±11,79 anos) com isquemia crônica ameaçadora ao membro definida pela classificação de Rutherford 4, 5 e 6, e com o índice tornozelo-braço (ITB) < 0,80. A avaliação dos parâmetros vasculares e os índices de rigidez arterial foram realizadas com o aparelho Mobil-O-Graph ® que gera a onda de pulso aórtica a partir da oscilometria da artéria braquial. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada pelo questionário Vascular quality of life questionaire (VascuQoL-6), versão curta, desenvolvido especificamente para avaliar pacientes com comprometimento circulatório, arterial ou venoso. Resultados: Os valores do ITB e do escore de qualidade de vida foram 0,48 ± 0,14 e 15,88 ± 1,03; respectivamente. Dos 17 pacientes, 12 apresentavam hipertensão arterial sistólica e dezesseis apresentaram a VOP maior que 10 m/s. Não foram observadas correlações entre o escore de qualidade de vida com o AIx@75 (p=0,54 e r=0,16), a VOP (p=0,332 e r=0,248) e o ITB (p=0,707 e r=0,098). Conclusão: O presente estudo demonstrou que pacientes com isquemia crônica ameaçadora ao membro apresentam comprometimento importante da qualidade de vida sem associação com os índices de rigidez arterial e ITB.


Introduction: The factors associated with impaired quality of life in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia are not well established. Objective: Check whether there is an association between quality of life and arterial stiffness indexes, pulse wave velocity (PWV) and the augmentation index corrected to 75 beats per minute heart rate (AIx@75). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational study, with the participation of 17 patients (65.65 ± 11.79 years) with chronic limb-threatening ischemia defined by the Rutherford classification 4, 5 and 6, and with the ankle-arm index (ABI) < 0.80. The evaluation of vascular parameters and arterial stiffness indeces was performed with the MobilO-Graph ® device that generates the aortic pulse wave from the brachial artery oscillometry. Quality of life was assessed using the questionnaire Vascular quality of life questionaire (VascuQoL-6), short version, developed specifically to evaluate patients with circulatory, arterial or venous involvement. Results: The values of the ITB and the quality of life score were 0.48 ± 0.14 and 15.88 ± 1.03; respectively. Of the 17 patients, 12 had systolic arterial hypertension and sixteen had PWV greater than 10 m / s. No correlations were observed between the quality of life score with AIx @ 75 (p = 0.54 and r = 0.16), PWV (p = 0.332 and r = 0.248) and ABI (p = 0.707 and r = 0.098). Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia present significant impairment of quality of life without association with arterial stiffness and ABI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Vascular Stiffness , Quality of Life , Pulse Wave Analysis
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 894-902, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970085

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular homeostasis is regulated by both physical and chemical factors. Vascular stiffness, a physical property of vessel, is crucial in maintaining the physiological function of vasculature. Vascular stiffness has been indicated to be correlated with hypertension, heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases. It has been the most widely accepted clinical index for assessment of vascular function and dysfunction. This paper reviews the commonly used experimental and clinical techniques for evaluating vascular stiffness including direct detection of the Young's modulus and indirect detection method that is based on ultrasound technique and others. Principles of these methodologies, as well as their advantages and disadvantages, are also presented here. Researchers and clinical staff are encouraged to choose the most suitable methods for detecting vascular stiffness according to their purposes and objects, so as to effectively evaluate vascular function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Stiffness , Elastic Modulus , Hypertension/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Failure
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(6): 1126-1133, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350039

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A rigidez arterial é um importante preditor de aortopatia e remodelamento miocárdico em pacientes com válvula aórtica bicúspide, podendo estar aumentada na infância. Objetivo: Avaliar a rigidez arterial e a função miocárdica do ventrículo esquerdo em crianças com válvula aórtica bicúspide funcional. Métodos: Quarenta e quatro crianças com válvula aórtica bicúspide e 41 pares saudáveis com válvula aórtica tricúspide foram incluídos neste estudo caso-controle. Foram obtidos os diâmetros e os escores-z relacionados da raiz aórtica e da aorta ascendente. Quanto à função miocárdica do ventrículo esquerdo, juntamente com as velocidades de fluxo mitral e parâmetros do Modo M, as velocidades miocárdicas e os intervalos de tempo foram avaliados com Doppler tecidual. A análise da onda de pulso foi realizada por aparelho oscilométrico (Mobil-o-Graph). Um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: O índice da massa ventricular esquerda, a velocidade A do fluxo mitral, o diâmetro e o escore z da aorta ascendente e o índice de desempenho miocárdico estavam significativamente maiores nos pacientes (p = 0,04, p = 0,02, p = 0,04, p <0,001 e p <0,001 respectivamente). O índice de desempenho miocárdico correlacionou-se positivamente com o diâmetro da aorta ascendente e a velocidade A (r=0,272; p=0,01, r=356; p=0,001, respectivamente). A análise multivariada revelou que o índice de desempenho miocárdico estava relacionado ao diâmetro da aorta ascendente (p = 0,01). O índice de aumento e a velocidade da onda de pulso foram semelhantes entre os grupos (p> 0,05). Conclusão: De acordo com a análise da onda de pulso oscilométrico, as crianças com válvula aórtica bicúspide funcional apresentam rigidez arterial semelhante a seus pares saudáveis. O diâmetro da aorta ascendente foi estabelecido como preditor independente da função miocárdica do ventrículo esquerdo. A rigidez arterial pode não ser um fator de risco grave em pacientes pediátricos sem dilatação acentuada da aorta ascendente.


Abstract Background: Arterial stiffness is an important predictor factor of aortopathy and myocardial remodeling in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve and it might be increased in childhood. Objective: To assess the arterial stiffness and left ventricular myocardial function in children with a well-functioning bicuspid aortic valve. Methods: Forty-four children with a bicuspid aortic valve and 41 healthy peers with a tricuspid aortic valve were included in this case-control study. Diameters and the related z-scores of the aortic root and ascending aorta were obtained. As for the left ventricular myocardial function, along with the mitral inflow velocities and M-Mode parameters, myocardial velocities and time intervals were assessed with tissue Doppler imaging. A pulse wave analysis was performed by oscillometric device (Mobil-o-Graph). A p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The left ventricular mass index, mitral inflow A velocity, diameter and z-score of the ascending aorta, and myocardial performance index were significantly higher in patients (p=0.04, p=0.02,p=0.04, p<0.001,and p<0.001 respectively). The myocardial performance index was positively correlated with the diameter of the ascending aorta and A velocity (r=0.272;p=0.01, r=356;p=0.001, respectively). The multivariate analysis revealed that the myocardial performance index was related to the ascending aorta diameter (p=0.01). The augmentation index and pulse wave velocity were similar between the groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: According to the oscillometric pulse wave analysis, the children with a well-functioning bicuspid aortic valve had similar arterial stiffness to that of the healthy peers. The ascending aorta diameter was established as an independent predictor of left ventricular myocardial function. Arterial stiffness may not be a severe risk factor in pediatric patients without marked ascending aorta dilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Vascular Stiffness , Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease , Heart Valve Diseases , Case-Control Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
11.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 28(4): 261-268, 10 dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367449

ABSTRACT

As Doenças Cardiovasculares (DCV) são alterações nos vasos sanguíneos decorrentes, principalmente, da aterosclerose, e representam 28% dos óbitos anuais no Brasil. Em 2013, a prevalência de DCV era de 4,2% na população adulta e 11,4% nos idosos. A Síndrome Metabólica (SM), cuja prevalência é estimada entre 25 e 30%, é um dos principais fatores de risco para a instalação das DCV, assim como a Rigidez Arterial (RA), determinada pela Velocidade de Onda de Pulso (VOP) alterada. O Sistema Sphygmocor é utilizado para mensuração da VOP através da razão entre enrijecimento arterial, elasticidade e complacência vascular, considerando valores normais aqueles abaixo de 10m/s. A VOP foi o método de escolha, junto a medidas antropométricas e exames laboratoriais, para avaliar a prevalência de SM e RA numa amostra populacional de Salvador, Bahia. O teste T de Student foi utilizado para comparar as variáveis e o teste Qui Quadrado, para comparar as proporções das variáveis qualitativas. O cálculo das prevalências foi realizado com o número de indivíduos com RA ou SM no numerador e o número total da amostra no denominador, com resultado multiplicado por 102 . O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa através do parecer número 1.827.621 de 21 de novembro de 2016. A amostra de 162 participantes demonstrou prevalência de 25,93% de Síndrome Metabólica e 26,57% de Rigidez Arterial, expondo a importância de maior atenção à prevenção das DCV na atenção primária à Saúde.


Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are modifications in blood vessels resulting mainly from atherosclerosis and represent 28% of annual deaths in Brazil. In 2013, the prevalence of CVD was 4.2% in the adult population and 11.4% in the elderly. Metabolic Syndrome (MS), whose prevalence is estimated between 25 and 30%, is one of the main risk factors for the settlement of CVD, as well as Arterial Stiffness (AS), determined by altered Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV). The Sphygmocor System is used to measure PWV through the ratio between arterial stiffening, elasticity, and vascular complacency, considering normal valor those below 10m/s. PWV was the method of choice, with anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests, to evaluate the prevalence of MS and AS in a population sample from Salvador, Bahia. The Student's T test was used to compare the variables and the Chi Square test to compare the proportions of the qualitative variables. The calculation of prevalence was made with the number of individuals with AS or MS in the numerator and the total number of sample in the denominator, with the result multiplied by 102. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee through opinion number 1,827,621 of November 21, 2016. The sample of 162 participants showed a prevalence of 25.93% of Metabolic Syndrome and 26.57% of Arterial Stiffness, exposing the importance of greater attention to the prevention of CVD in primary health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prevalence , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Vascular Stiffness , Heart Disease Risk Factors
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 457-462, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339194

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Pouco se conhece sobre a relação entre sarcopenia e hemodinâmica central em idosos longevos. Objetivo Estudar a relação da rigidez arterial com a composição corporal em idosos longevos. Métodos A composição corporal foi avaliada por meio da absortometria de Raio X de dupla energia (DEXA) e dos parâmetros de circulação central (PCC) obtidos por método oscilométrico não invasivo, com o Mobil-O-Graph 24h PWA Monitor®. Os parâmetros centrais avaliados foram: velocidade da onda de pulso (VOP), augmentation index (AIx), índice de amplificação da pressão de pulso (iAPP) e pressão de pulso central (PPc). Estes foram correlacionados com massa magra total (MM) e apendicular (MA), percentual de gordura corporal e índice de Baumgartner (IB). Aceitou-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados Participaram 124 longevos, com idade média de 87,1 anos (DP±4,3 anos), sendo 74,2% mulheres e 57,3% brancos. Houve correlação inversa do AIx com as variáveis MM (r = - 0,391, p < 0,001), MA (r= -0,378, p< 0,001) e IB (r = -0,258, p 0,004). A PPc apresentou associação inversa com MM (r= -0,268, p =0,003), MA (r=-0,288, p= 0,001) e IB (r= -0,265, p = 0,003). Houve relação direta apenas entre AIx e percentual de gordura corporal (r= 0,197, p= 0,029). Conclusão Em idosos longevos, o percentual de gordura corporal se associa diretamente com a rigidez arterial e tem associação inversa com a quantidade de MM. Esses achados podem estar associados ao maior risco cardiovascular.


Abstract Background Arterial stiffness, obesity and sarcopenia correlate with each other and with cardiac outcomes in younger adults. However, there is little evidence of the association between body composition and markers of central arteries stiffness in long-lived people. Objective To evaluate the relationship between arterial stiffness and body composition in functionally independent long-lived individuals. Methods This is a cross-sectional analysis of the association between markers of arterial stiffness and body composition among participants in a longitudinal cohort of elderly individuals aged 80 years or older who were functionally independent and lived in the community . Body composition measurements were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and central circulation parameters (CCP) obtained by a non-invasive oscillometric method through the Mobil-O-Graph 24h PWA Monitor® device. The central parameters evaluated were: pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation Index (AIx), pulse pressure amplification index (PPAi) and central pulse pressure (cPP). These were correlated to total lean mass (LM) and appendicular lean mass (aLM), body fat percentage, and Baumgartner's Index (BI). The level of significance was set at 5% for all tests. Results Data from 124 elderly people with a mean age of 87.1 years (SD ± 4.3 years) were analyzed, with 74.2% of women and 57.3% of white. There was a statistically significant inverse correlation of AIx with LM (r = -0.391, p <0.001), aLM (r = -0.378, p <0.001), and BI (r = -0.258, p = 0.004). Also, cPP had an inversely proportional association with LM (r = -0.268, p = 0.003), aLM (r = -0.288, p = 0.001), and BI (r = -0.265, p = 0.003). When assessing the relationship between fat mass and CCP, a statistically significant direct relationship was observed only between AIx and body fat percentage (r = 0.197, p = 0.029). Conclusion In long-lived people, body fat percentage is directly associated with arterial stiffness and inversely associated with the amount of LM. These findings may be associated with increased cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vascular Stiffness , Blood Pressure , Body Composition , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 806-811, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285197

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) é a doença endócrino-metabólica mais comum em mulheres em idade reprodutiva, e ocorre em uma a cada 10 mulheres. A doença inclui irregularidade menstrual e excesso de hormônios masculinos e é a causa mais comum de infertilidade em mulheres. A dispneia é um sintoma frequente e muitas vezes acredita-se que seja decorrente da obesidade, mas não se sabe se é decorrente de disfunção cardíaca. Objetivo: Avaliar o acoplamento ventrículo-arterial (VDAP) e a rigidez arterial pulmonar em pacientes com SOP. Métodos: Foram incluídos 44 pacientes com SOP e 60 controles; amostras de sangue venoso foram coletadas para exames laboratoriais e ecocardiograma transtorácico 2-D, Modo-M e com Doppler tecidual foram realizados em todos os participantes. Um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Quando comparadas ao grupo controle, as pacientes com SOP apresentaram valores maiores de rigidez da artéria pulmonar (p = 0,001), que se correlacionaram positivamente com o índice HOMA-IR (r = 0,545 e p <0,001). O acoplamento VDAP também estava comprometido em 34% dos pacientes do estudo. Conclusão: A rigidez da artéria pulmonar está aumentada e o acoplamento VDAP está comprometido em pacientes com SOP. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):806-811)


Abstract Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine-metabolic disease in women in reproductive age, and occurs in one of 10 women. The disease includes menstrual irregularity and excess of male hormones and is the most common cause of female infertility. Dyspnea is a frequent symptom and is often thought to be due to obesity, and whether it is due to cardiac dysfunction is unknown. Objective: To evaluate right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling and pulmonary arterial stiffness in patients with PCOS. Methods: 44 PCOS patients and 60 controls were included; venous blood samples were taken for laboratory tests and 2-D, m-mode and tissue doppler transthoracic echocardiography were performed for all the participants. P<0,05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: When compared to the control group, PCOS patients had higher pulmonary artery stiffness values (p=0,001), which were positively correlated with HOMA-IR (r=0,545 and p<0,001). RV-PA coupling was also impaired in 34% of the study patients. Conclusion: Pulmonary artery stiffness is increased and RV-PA coupling is impaired in patients with PCOS. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):806-811)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Vascular Stiffness , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Obesity
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(3): 475-482, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248871

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Pouco se sabe sobre o impacto da estenose aórtica (EA) grave na rigidez aórtica e se ocorre alguma alteração após a remoção da barreira de EA com a cirurgia de substituição da válvula aórtica (SVA). Objetivo: Estimar as mudanças na velocidade de onda de pulso carotídeo-femoral (VOP) após a cirurgia de SVA e definir os preditores de VOP alta em pacientes com EA grave. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo unicêntrico, incluindo pacientes com EA grave submetidos à cirurgia de SVA com bioprótese, entre fevereiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2019, e medições da VOP (Complior®) antes e depois do procedimento (2±1 meses). Antes e depois da SVA, os valores da VOP foram comparados por meio de testes pareados. foram analisadas as associações de VOP com dados clínicos, bem como aplicados modelos de regressão linear multivariada para estimar os preditores independentes da VOP pré- e pós-operatória. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: Foram incluídos na amostra 150 pacientes, com média de idade de 72±8 anos, sendo 51% deles do sexo masculino. Identificamos um aumento estatisticamente significativo nos valores de VOP após a cirurgia (9,0 ± 2,1 m/s vs. 9,9 ± 2,2, p<0,001, antes e depois da SVA, respectivamente) e uma associação inversa com as variáveis de gravidade da EA. No modelo de regressão linear multivariada, idade e pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) foram estabelecidas como preditores independentes da VOP pré- e pós-operatória mais alta, enquanto o gradiente valvar médio mais alto foi considerado um determinante da VOP pré-SVA mais baixa. Conclusão: Identificamos uma correlação inversa da rigidez arterial com a gravidade da EA em pacientes acometidos, e um aumento significativo nos valores da VOP após a cirurgia de SVA. Idade avançada e PAS elevada foram associadas a valores mais altos da VOP, embora as medidas de função arterial estivessem dentro da normalidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(3):475-476)


Abstract Background: Little is known about the impact of severe aortic stenosis (AS) in aortic stiffness and if there is any change after removing AS barrier with aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery. Objective: To estimate carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) changes after AVR surgery and to define PWV predictors in severe AS patients. Methods: Single-center retrospective cohort, including patients with severe AS who underwent AVR surgery with bioprostheses, between February 2017 and January 2019 and performed PWV measurements (Complior®) before and after the procedure (2±1 months). Before and after AVR, PWV values were compared through paired tests. The associations of PWV with clinical data were studied and linear regression models were applied to estimate pre and postoperative PWV independent predictors. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: We included 150 patients in the sample, with mean age of 72±8 years, and 51% being males. We found a statistically significant increase in PWV values after surgery (9.0±2.1 m/s vs. 9.9±2.2, p<0.001, before and after AVR, respectively) and an inverse association with AS severity variables. In the linear regression model, age and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were established as independent predictors of higher pre- and postoperative PWV, while higher mean valvular gradient emerged as a determinant of lower pre-AVR PWV. Conclusion: We documented an inverse correlation of arterial stiffness with the severity of AS in patients with AS, and a significant increase in PWV values after AVR surgery. Advanced age and higher SBP were associated with higher PWV values, although arterial function measurements were within the normal range. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(3):475-482)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Vascular Stiffness , Aortic Valve/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 26-29, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156110

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this study was to examine arterial stiffness in elite basketball and soccer athletes by pulse wave velocity. Methods The cohort comprised 35 healthy male volunteers aged 17 to 26 years. All the subjects were either basketball players (n=9), soccer players (n=12) or sedentary controls (n=14). Arterial stiffness was measured by the Pulse Trace System (Micro Medical Ltd., Rochester, UK) and echocardiographic images were taken using a commercially available machine (Vivid 7 GE-Vingmed, Horten, Norway) with a 2.5 MHz transducer. Results The basketball players had significantly higher heights and body weights as compared to both the soccer players and the controls. The aortic elastic properties derived from the echocardiographic measurements did not differ between the groups. The peripheral pulse wave velocity measurements showed significantly lower values both in the basketball and soccer players compared to the controls, whereas the central pulse wave velocity measurement was significantly lower only in the basketball players as compared to the controls. No significant difference was seen between the basketball and soccer players. Conclusions The results of this study show that football and basketball exercises comprised of aerobic, anaerobic, endurance balance-coordination and sport-specific training play a role in reducing arterial stiffness. Level of evidence I; type of study: prognostic study.


RESUMO Objetivo O propósito deste estudo foi examinar a rigidez arterial em atletas de basquetebol e futebol medindo a velocidade da onda do pulso. Métodos A coorte foi composta por 35 voluntários saudáveis do sexo masculino, com idade entre 17 a 26 anos. Os participantes eram jogadores de basquetebol (n = 9), jogadores de futebol (n = 12) e controles sedentários (n = 14). A rigidez arterial foi medida com o Pulse Trace System (Micro Medical Ltd., Rochester, Reino Unido) e as imagens ecocardiográficas foram obtidas com um aparelho disponível no mercado, com transdutor de 2,5 MHz (Vivid 7 GE-Vingmed, Horten, Noruega). Resultados Os jogadores de basquetebol tinham estatura e peso corporal consideravelmente superiores aos dos jogadores de futebol e aos controles. As propriedades elásticas aórticas derivadas das medicas ecocardiográficas não diferiram entre os grupos. A velocidade da onda de pulso periférico foi significativamente menor nos jogadores de basquetebol e futebol em comparação com os controles, enquanto os jogadores de basquetebol tiveram velocidade da onda do pulso central consideravelmente menor que os controles. Não se observou diferença significativa entre os jogadores de basquetebol e os de futebol. Conclusões Os resultados deste estudo mostram que os exercícios de treinamento de futebol e basquetebol: aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, de resistência, de coordenação e equilíbrio e os treinamentos específicos de cada esporte têm um papel importante na redução da rigidez arterial. Nível de Evidência I, Estudo prognóstico.


RESUMEN Objetivo El propósito de este estudio fue examinar la rigidez arterial en atletas de básquetbol y fútbol midiendo la velocidad de onda de pulso. Métodos La cohorte fue compuesta por 35 voluntarios saludables del sexo masculino, con edad entre 17 y 26 años. Los participantes eran jugadores de básquetbol (n=9), jugadores de fútbol (n=12) y controles sedentarios (n=14). La rigidez arterial fue medida con Pulse Trace System (Micro Medical Ltd., Rochester, Reino Unido) y las imágenes ecocardiográficas fueron obtenidas con un aparato disponible en el mercado, con transductor de 2,5 MHz (Vivid 7 GE-Vingmed, Horten, Noruega). Resultados Los jugadores de básquetbol tenían estatura y peso corporal considerablemente superiores a los de los jugadores de fútbol y a los de los controles. Las propiedades elásticas aórticas derivadas de las medidas ecocardiográficas no difirieron entre los grupos. La velocidad de onda de pulso periférico fue significativamente menor en los jugadores de básquetbol y fútbol en comparación con los controles, mientras que los jugadores de básquetbol tuvieron velocidad de onda de pulso central considerablemente menor que los controles. No se observó diferencia significativa entre los jugadores de básquetbol y los de fútbol. Conclusiones Los resultados de este estudio muestran que los ejercicios de entrenamiento de fútbol y básquetbol: aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, de resistencia, de coordinación y equilibrio y los entrenamientos específicos de cada deporte tienen un papel importante en la reducción de la rigidez arterial. Nivel de Evidencia I, Estudio pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer/physiology , Basketball/physiology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Pulse Wave Analysis/methods , Cohort Studies
19.
Clinics ; 76: e2172, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify the clinical discriminative value and determinants of arterial stiffness in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 51 individuals (53.57±9.35 years) diagnosed with T2DM (stage glucose≥126 mg/dL; diagnostic time: 87.4±69.8 months). All participants underwent an initial evaluation of personal habits, medications, and history; arterial stiffness assessment by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using SphygmoCor; and blood laboratory analysis. A statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, and values of p≤0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: A cut-off cfPWV value of 7.9 m/s was identified for T2DM [Sensitivity (SE): 90% and Specificity (SP): 80%]. A subgroup analysis revealed higher glycated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac) (p=0.006), obesity (p=0.036), and dyslipidemia (p=0.013) than those with cfPWV ≥7.9 m/s. Multivariate analysis identified higher stage glucose (p=0.04), Hb1Ac (p=0.04), hypertension (p=0.001), and dyslipidemia (p=0.01) as determinant factors of cfPWV; positive and significant correlation between cfPWV and glucose (r=0.62; p=0.0003) and Hb1Ac (r=0.55; p=0.0031). CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM, an indicator of the discriminative value of arterial stiffness was cfPWV of 7.9 m/s. Clinical findings and comorbidities, such as hypertension, glucose, poor glycemic control, and dyslipidemia, were associated with and were determinants of arterial stiffness in T2DM. Reinforcement of monitoring risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glycemic control, seems to be essential to the process of arterial stiffening. Confirmation of this discriminative value in larger populations is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis
20.
Clinics ; 76: e2350, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate predictors and propose reference equations for the augmentation index normalized to 75 bpm heart rate (AIx@75) in healthy children and adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study involving 134 healthy children and adolescents aged 9 to 19 years old. Participants were categorized into child (n=53) and adolescent (n=81) groups, as well as into male (n=69) and female (n=65) groups. We evaluated AIx@75, vascular and hemodynamic parameters, anthropometric data, physical activity profile, and quality of life (Peds-QL4.0; physical, emotional, social and school domains). RESULTS: The predictors of AIx@75 in the whole sample were age, peripheral diastolic blood pressure (pDBP), mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure amplification (PPA), systolic volume (SV), cardiac index (CI), and pulse wave velocity (PWV; R2=80.47%). In the male group, the predictors of AIx@75 were SV, CI, total vascular resistence (TVR), and PWV (R2=78.56%), while in the female group, they were pDBP, PPA, SV, and PWV (R2=82.45%). In the children, they were pDBP, PPA, SV, and PWV (R2=79.17%), while in the adolescents, they were body mass index, pDBP, PPA, SV, TVR, and PWV (R2=81.57%). CONCLUSION: In the present study, we used a representative sample from Belo Horizonte to establish normality values of AIx@75. We also identified, for the first time, independent predictors of AIx@75 in healthy children and adolescents categorized by sex and age. Determining AIx@75 reference equations may facilitate the early diagnosis of preclinical atherosclerosis and allow an objective measure of the vascular effects of therapeutic interventions aimed at modifying cardiovascular risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Vascular Stiffness , Quality of Life , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Pulse Wave Analysis
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