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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 454-457, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346484

ABSTRACT

Resumen La flegmasia cerulea dolens es una complicación rara y poco frecuente de la trombosis venos a profunda. Los principales factores predisponentes son los procesos neoformativos, estados de hiper coagulabilidad, insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva, embarazo, inmovilización prolongada y cirugías. Se caracteriza por edema masivo, dolor intenso y cianosis. Sin tratamiento evoluciona con isquemia, necrosis y amputación del miembro comprometido. No existe consenso en su tratamiento, pero éste debe ser rápido, multidisciplinario y agresivo. La anticoagulación con heparina, la fibrinólisis sistémica, la trombectomía percutánea con fibrinólisis local, la trombectomía quirúrgica, la fasciotomía, la colocación de filtro de vena cava inferior y la amputación son algunos de los tratamientos propuestos.


Abstract Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (FCD) is a rare complication of deep vein thrombosis. Its cause is unknown. The main predisposing factors for the disease are neoformative processes, hypercoagulable states, congestive heart failure, pregnancy, prolonged immobilization, and surgeries on the affected limb. FCD is characterized by massive edema, severe pain, and cyanosis. The diagnosis is clinical. It is associated in most cases with pulmonary embolism and can lead to loss of the compromised limb if not treated in time. So far there is no consensus on its treatment. In clinical practice the use of anticoagulation with heparin, local thrombolysis, systemic fibrinolysis, surgical thrombectomy, fasciotomy, and inferior vena cava filter are described. In irreversible cases amputation is required. We present the case of a patient with FCD, the treatment performed and the evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombophlebitis/drug therapy , Thrombophlebitis/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Heparin , Thrombectomy , Fibrinolysis
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202480, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136575

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A trombose portomesentérica (TPM) é uma complicação potencialmente grave que pode ocorrer após a cirurgia bariátrica. A TPM ganhou importância devido ao crescente número de cirurgias bariátricas sendo realizadas. Objetivo: Relatar complicação rara após cirurgia bariátrica, porém grave e de difícil manejo. Tentar identificar algumas características comuns aos pacientes e discutir possíveis causas, comparando a pouca literatura disponível. Métodos: Descrevemos seis casos de TPM em mulheres jovens com diferentes apresentações. Resultados: Todos os seis casos ocorreram em mulheres jovens de 29 a 41 anos sem obesidade grave - índice de massa corporal - IMC: 36 a 39 e com peso que variou de 105 a 121 kg. As pacientes apresentavam poucas comorbidades (todas relacionadas à síndrome metabólica) e esteatose hepática moderada, sem sinais de cirrose. Cinco pacientes usavam contraceptivos orais até dias antes da cirurgia. Uma paciente apresentou resultado positivo para trombofilia. Cinco pacientes foram submetidas a gastrectomia vertical e apenas uma submetida ao bypass gástrico sem complicações durante a cirurgia (tempo médio de operação: 61,3 min, variando de 52 a 91 min). A duração média do seguimento após a hospitalização foi de 12,3 meses (variação: 7 a 18 meses) e até o momento apenas uma paciente não teve recanalização. Conclusão: A frequência da TPM parece ser maior em mulheres e após gastrectomia vertical. Nossos achados indicam que pacientes com dor abdominal semanas após a cirurgia bariátrica devem ser investigados.


ABSTRACT Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is a potentially severe complication that can occur after bariatric surgery. PMVT has gained importance because of the increasing number of bariatric surgeries being performed. Objective: to report a rare and severe complication after bariatric surgery, which is difficult to manage. To try to identify common characteristics among the cases and discuss potential causes comparing our data to the available literature. Methods: We describe six cases of PMVT in young women with different presentations. Results: All six cases occurred in young women 29-41 years old with obesity - body mass index - BMI: 36-39) and weighing 105-121 kg. The patients had few comorbidities (all of which were related to metabolic syndrome) and moderate hepatic steatosis with no sign of cirrhosis. Five patients used oral contraceptives until a few days before the operation. One patient tested positive for thrombophilia. Five patients underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and one underwent a gastric bypass with no complications during the operation (median operating time: 61.3 min, range 52-91 min). The mean duration of follow-up after hospitalization was 12.3 months (range: 7-18 months) and to-date only one patient has had no recanalization. Conclusion: The frequency of PMVT appears to be increased in woman and after sleeve gastrectomy. Our findings indicate that patients with abdominal pain weeks after bariatric surgery must be investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Mesenteric Veins/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1291283

ABSTRACT

El trasplante renal es el tratamiento de elección para la enfermedad renal terminal. Pueden presentarse diversas complicaciones médicas y quirúrgicas posteriores, entre ellas las vasculares (trombosis/estenosis de la vena y/o arteria renal) que son poco frecuentes y resultan en la pérdida del injerto. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino que al tercer día posterior al trasplante persisten con anuria y elevación de azoados, realizándose renograma con 99m - Tc MAG3 con hallazgos compatibles de trombosis vascular.


Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease. Various medical and surgical complications can occur later, among them the vascular ones (thrombosis/stenosis of the vein and/or renal artery) that are infrequent and result in the loss of the graft. We present the case of a male patient who persisted with anuria and azoate elevation on the third day after transplantation, performing a renogram with 99m - Tc MAG3 with compatible findings of vascular thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Renal Artery/pathology , Renal Veins/pathology , Technetium Tc 99m Mertiatide , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Radionuclide Imaging
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(7): 946-950, July 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041046

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY A background of Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) indicates a progressive elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance, leading to overfilling, elevation of venous pressure, congestion in various organs, and edema in the venous system. This study aimed to investigate whether PH is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities after hip and knee replacement surgery. METHODS A total of 238 patients who received joint replacement of lower extremities in our department of orthopedics from January 2009 to January 2012 were examined by echocardiography and Color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) of the lower extremities. Based on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), the patients were divided into a normal PAP group (n=214) and PH group (n=24). All the patients were re-examined by CDFI during post-operative care. RESULTS Among the 238 patients, 18 had DVT in the lower extremities after the operation. DVT total incidence rate was 7.56% (18/238). In the PH group, 11 patients had DVT (45.83%, 11/24), but in the normal PAP group, only 7 had DVT (3.27%, 7/214). The incidence of DVT was significantly lower in the normal PAP group than in the PH group (P<0.01). In addition, there was a positive correlation between PAP and the incidence of DVT. CONCLUSION PH could be a high-risk factor for the occurrence of DVT in patient's lower extremities after joint replacement surgeries.


RESUMO OBJETIVO A hipertensão pulmonar (HP) indica elevação progressiva da resistência vascular pulmonar, levando ao excesso de enchimento, elevação da pressão venosa, congestão em vários órgãos e edema no sistema venoso. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar se a HP é um fator de risco para trombose venosa profunda (TVP) das extremidades inferiores após cirurgia de prótese de quadril e joelho. MÉTODOS Um total de 238 pacientes que receberam a substituição da articulação das extremidades inferiores em nosso departamento de ortopedia de janeiro de 2009 a junho de 2012 foi examinado por ecocardiograma e fluxo de imagem Doppler colorido (CDFI) dos membros inferiores. De acordo com a pressão arterial pulmonar (PAP), os pacientes foram divididos em grupo PAP normal (n=214) e grupo PH (n=24). Todos os pacientes foram reexaminados por CDFI durante os cuidados pós-operatórios. RESULTADOS Entre os 238 pacientes, 18 pacientes tiveram TVP nas extremidades inferiores após a operação. A taxa de incidência total de TVP foi de 7,56% (18/238). No grupo PH, 11 pacientes tiveram TVP (45,83%, 11/24), mas no grupo PAP normal, apenas sete pacientes tiveram TVP (3,27%, 7/214). A incidência de TVP foi significativamente menor no grupo PAP normal do que no grupo PH (P<0,01). Além disso, houve uma correlação positiva entre a PAP e a incidência de TVP. CONCLUSÃO A HP poderia ser um fator de alto risco para a ocorrência de TVP nas extremidades inferiores do paciente após cirurgias de substituição articular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/complications , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Reference Values , Echocardiography, Doppler , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Preoperative Period , Hip/blood supply , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnostic imaging , Knee/blood supply
5.
Rev. cuba. med ; 58(2): e78, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139016

ABSTRACT

En la actualidad la trombosis venosa cerebral (TVC) se considera un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico, debido a la alta variabilidad de presentación y a la falta de un consenso terapéutico claro. Representa 0,5 por ciento de los ictus y afecta con mayor frecuencia a sujetos jóvenes con factores de riesgo congénitos o adquiridos. Tiene manifestaciones clínicas variables que unidas a un estudio de neuroimagen adecuado, permiten realizar el diagnóstico. Se presenta un caso con el objetivo de describir la evolución clínico-radiológica de una paciente puérpera adolescente, con trombosis venosa cerebral que además tuvo un angioma venoso cerebral interauricular, que a los 21 días del puerperio presenta cefalea de moderada intensidad en región occipital y posteriormente hemiparesia derecha, con recuperación del defecto en 42 h. Se diagnóstica por Angio-TAC trombosis de seno recto, venas de galeno y venas cerebrales internas con evolución favorable luego de tratamiento anticoagulante(AU)


Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is currently considered a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, due to the high variability of presentation and the lack of a clear therapeutic consensus. It represents 0.5 percent of strokes and most frequently affects young subjects with congenital or acquired risk factors. The variable clinical manifestations, together with an adequate neuroimaging study, allow diagnosis. We report this case aiming to describe the clinical-radiological evolution of a postpartum adolescent patient with cerebral venous thrombosis who also had an interatrial cerebral venous angioma. She had moderate headache in the occipital region and, later, in right hemiparesis, 21 days after the puerperium. the defect was solved in 42 h. Thrombosis of the right sinus, veins of galen and internal cerebral veins was diagnosed by CT angiography. Favorable evolution was achieved after anticoagulant treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(3): 147-: 214-151, 217, set. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-987928
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 162-166, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742488

ABSTRACT

The creation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a widely performed technique to relieve portal hypertension, and to manage recurrent variceal bleeding and refractory ascites in patients where medical and/or endoscopic treatments have failed. However, portosystemic shunt creation can be challenging in the presence of chronic portal vein occlusion. In this case report, we describe a minimally invasive endovascular mesocaval shunt creation with transsplenic approach for the management of recurrent variceal bleeding in a portal hypertension patient with intra- and extrahepatic portal vein occlusion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Chronic Disease , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Humans , Jejunum/pathology , Portacaval Shunt, Surgical , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Portal Vein/pathology , Portal Vein/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/therapy
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(6): 488-491, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896359

ABSTRACT

Summary We describe the case of a male patient, aged 76 years, referred for cardiac investigation due to retrosternal chest pain and dyspnea. He had a history of acute myocardial infarction and angioplasties in the last 30 years, including a saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafting (SVCABG). Echocardiogram showed hypoechoic oval formation near the right ventricle, suggesting a pericardial cyst. Computed angiotomography revealed a predominantly fusiform and thrombosed aneurysmal dilation of the SVCABG to the right coronary artery. SVCABG aneurysms are very rare and potentially fatal. They usually appear in the late postoperative period, and patients are often asymptomatic. On radiography, it is frequently presented as enlargement of the mediastinum, with echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging being very useful for diagnosis. Coronary angiography is the gold standard to detect these cases. Our report illustrates a rare situation arising late from a relatively common surgery. Due to its severity, proper recognition in the routine assessment of patients with a similar history is essential.


Resumo Descrevemos o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, 76 anos, em avaliação cardiológica em razão de dor torácica retroesternal e dispneia. Antecedente de infartos agudos do miocárdio e angioplastias nos últimos 30 anos, incluindo um bypass aortocoronário de veia safena (BACVS) ou "ponte de safena". Em ecocardiograma, observou-se formação ovalada alongada hipoecoica junto ao ventrículo direito, podendo sugerir um cisto pericárdico. Angiotomografia computadorizada do tórax evidenciou uma dilatação aneurismática predominantemente fusiforme e trombosada de "ponte de safena" para artéria coronária direita. Aneurismas de BACVS são raríssimos e potencialmente fatais. Geralmente, surgem em um período tardio pós-cirúrgico, sendo seus portadores muitas vezes assintomáticos. Na radiografia, frequentemente se apresentam como alargamento do mediastino, sendo a ecocardiografia, a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética muito úteis no diagnóstico. A angiografia coronariana é o padrão-ouro na detecção. Este relato ilustra uma situação rara decorrente tardiamente de uma cirurgia relativamente comum, e por causa de sua gravidade torna-se essencial o seu reconhecimento na rotina de avaliação de pacientes com antecedentes semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Aneurysm/etiology
9.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 236-246, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction. To identify the impact of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and associated medical and surgical factors on outcomes post liver transplant (LT). Material and methods. Two analyses were performed. Analysis One: cohort study of 505 consecutive patients who underwent LT (Alberta) between 01/2002-12/2012. PVT was identified in 61 (14%) patients. Analysis Two: cohort study of 144 consecutive PVT patients from two sites (Alberta and London) during the same period. Cox multivariable survival analysis was used to identify independent associations with post-LT mortality. Results. In Analysis One (Alberta), PVT was not associated with post-LT mortality (log rank p = 0.99). On adjusted analysis, complete/occlusive PVT was associated with increased mortality (Hazard Ratio (HR) 8.4, p < 0.001). In Analysis Two (Alberta and London), complete/occlusive PVT was associated with increased mortality only on unadjusted analysis (HR 3.7, p = 0.02). On adjusted analysis, Hepatitis C (HR 2.1, p = 0.03) and post-LT portal vein re-occlusion (HR 3.2, p = 0.01) were independently associated with increased mortality. Conclusion: Well-selected LT patients who had PVT prior to LT had similar post-LT outcomes to non-PVT LT recipients. Subgroups of PVT patients who did worse post-LT (complete/occlusive thrombosis pre-LT, Hepatitis C or post-LT portal vein re-occlusion) warrant closer evaluation in listing and management post-LT.


Subject(s)
Portal Vein , Liver Transplantation , Venous Thrombosis/complications , End Stage Liver Disease/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/surgery , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Chi-Square Distribution , Proportional Hazards Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Liver Transplantation/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis C/complications , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/mortality , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , End Stage Liver Disease/diagnosis , End Stage Liver Disease/mortality , End Stage Liver Disease/virology , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality , Liver Cirrhosis/virology
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 278-283, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956442

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound to detect deep--vein thrombosis in pregnant patients. Method: We searched Pubmed, LILACS, Scopus, Google Scholar and System for Information on Grey Literature from inception to April 2016. The reference lists of the included studies were analyzed. Original articles from accuracy studies that analyzed ultrasonography to diagnose deep-vein thrombosis in pregnant women were included. Reference standard was the follow-up time. The QUADAS-2 score was used for quality assessment. Results: Titles and summaries from 2,129 articles were identified. Four studies that evaluated deep-vein thrombosis in pregnant women were included. In all, 486 participants were enrolled. High risk of bias was seen in three out of four studies included regarding flow and timing domain of QUADAS-2. Negative predictive value was 99.39%. Conclusion: Accuracy of ultrasonography to diagnose deep-vein thrombosis in pregnant women was not determined due to the absence of data yielding positive results. Further studies of low risk of bias are needed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in this clinical scenario.


Resumo Objetivo: Determinar a acurácia diagnóstica da ultrassonografia para detectar trombose venosa profunda (TVP) em pacientes grávidas. Método: Pubmed, Lilacs, Scopus, Google Acadêmico e System for Information on Grey Literature foram pesquisados do início até abril de 2016. As referências dos estudos incluídos foram avaliadas. Artigos originais de estudos de acurácia que analisaram ultrassonografia para diagnosticar trombose venosa profunda em mulheres grávidas foram incluídos. O teste de referência foi o tempo de seguimento. O escore de QUADAS-2 foi usado para avaliar a qualidade. Resultados: Títulos e resumos de 2.129 artigos foram identificados. Quatro estudos que avaliaram trombose venosa profunda em grávidas foram incluídos. No total, 486 participantes foram selecionadas. Alto risco de viés foi visto em três dos quatro estudos incluídos considerando o domínio fluxo e tempo do QUADAS-2. O valor preditivo negativo foi 99,39%. Conclusão: A acurácia da ultrassonografia para diagnosticar trombose venosa profunda em mulheres grávidas não pôde ser determinada em razão da ausência de dados de resultados positivos. Estudos com baixo risco de viés são necessários para determinar a acurácia diagnóstica da ultrassonografia nesse cenário clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Publication Bias
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(6): 1244-1247, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828920

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vena cava thrombus is an extremely rare complication of testicular tumors. We report on an unusual case of testicular tumor presenting with inferior vena cava thrombus extending from the left spermatic and bilateral external iliac veins to the hepatic vein. Case report: A-35-year old man presented with a 6-month history of left scrotal mass and a 1-day history of bilateral lower extremity edema. Computed tomography (CT) revealed the presence of thrombus extending from the left spermatic vein and bilateral external iliac veins to the hepatic vein, and multiple lymph node and lung metastases. 3 cycles of chemotherapy were given after the left high inguinal orchiectomy. Pathological examination demonstrated a pure yolk sac carcinoma with lymphovascular invasion and direct tumor extension into the left spermatic cord. CT and positron emission tompgraphy-CT obtained no findings of metastasis or recurrence at 3 months after the chemotherapy. Conclusion: We review this seldom case and discuss the literature with regard to its diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , Yolk Sac/pathology , Carcinoma, Embryonal/pathology , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Hepatic Veins/diagnostic imaging , Iliac Vein/diagnostic imaging
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 15(4): 287-292, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841391

ABSTRACT

Abstract Air plethysmography is a non-invasive test that can quantify venous reflux and obstruction by measuring volume changes in the leg. Its findings correlate with clinical and hemodynamic measures. It can quantitatively assess several components of venous hemodynamics: valvular reflux, calf muscle pump function, and venous obstruction. Although clinical uses of air plethysmography have been validated, it is used almost exclusively for medical research. Air plethysmography can be used to assess chronic venous disease, to evaluate improvement after venous surgery, to diagnose acute and past episodes of deep venous thrombosis, to evaluate compression stocking therapy, to study the physiological implications of high-heeled shoes in healthy women, and even to evaluate the probability of ulcer healing.


Resumo A pletismografia a ar é um método não invasivo que pode quantificar refluxo e obstrução venosa medindo alterações no volume das pernas. Seus achados se correlacionam com parâmetros clínicos e hemodinâmicos. Ela pode fornecer informações quantitativas dos diferentes componentes da hemodinâmica venosa: refluxo valvular, função de bomba muscular da panturrilha e obstrução venosa. Apesar de ter seu uso clínico validado, a pletismografia a ar é usada quase que exclusivamente para pesquisa. Ela pode ser usada para avaliar a doença venosa crônica, mensurar o ganho hemodinâmico após cirurgia venosa, diagnosticar trombose venosa profunda atual ou prévia, avaliar os efeitos da elastocompressão, estudar as implicações fisiológicas do uso de salto alto em mulheres e também avaliar a probabilidade de cura de uma úlcera venosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Chronic Disease , Plethysmography/classification
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(5): 406-408, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829753

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present a case of a 41-year-old female with deep vein thrombosis after abdominal surgery. The patient quickly developed severe pulmonary embolism and stroke representative of paradoxical embolism. Echocardiography showed a thrombus straddling a patent foramen ovale, which was confirmed intraoperatively. An accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment decisions are crucial for preventing patient deterioration in the form of new pulmonary embolisms or stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Foramen Ovale, Patent/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Abdomen/surgery
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 134(4): 355-358, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792822

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Umbilical cord thrombosis is related to greater fetal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. It is usually associated with umbilical cord abnormalities that lead to mechanical compression with consequent vascular ectasia. Its correct diagnosis and clinical management remains a challenge that has not yet been resolved. CASE REPORT: This study reports a case of umbilical artery thrombosis that occurred in the second half of a pregnancy. The umbilical cord was long, thin and overly twisted and the fetus presented severe intrauterine growth restriction. The clinical and histopathological findings from this case are described. CONCLUSIONS: This case report emphasizes the difficulty in diagnosing and clinically managing abnormalities of intrauterine life with a high chance of perinatal complications.


RESUMO: CONTEXTO: A trombose do cordão umbilical está relacionada com o aumento da morbimortalidade fetal e perinatal. É geralmente associada a alterações do cordão umbilical que levam à compressão mecânica com consequente ectasia vascular. Seu correto diagnóstico e manejo clínico é um desafio que não está ainda bem esclarecido. RELATO DE CASO: Neste relato se descreve caso de trombose da artéria umbilical de ocorrência na segunda metade da gravidez associada a cordão umbilical longo, fino, excessivamente retorcido, associado a feto com restrição de crescimento intrauterino grave. São descritos seus achados clínicos e histopatológicos correlacionados. CONCLUSÃO: Este relato de caso reforça a dificuldade diagnóstica e de manejo clínico em alteração da vida intrauterina com grande possibilidade de complicações perinatais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Umbilical Arteries/blood supply , Umbilical Arteries/pathology , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Fetus/abnormalities , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Prenatal Diagnosis , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Outcome , Risk Factors , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Growth Retardation/etiology , Fetus/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 22(1): 39-46, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-782655

ABSTRACT

Abstract. The objective of this article is to describe the multiple entities that can affect and invade the inferior vena cava. These can be either benign entities, but with an aggressive behaviour, or malignancies that originate in the organs adjacent to this vascular structure, or in itself as a leiomyosarcoma. The present review shows different examples in Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance, with cases of angiomyolipoma, phaeochromocytoma, adrenal cortical carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, a retroperitoneal sarcoma and a leiomyosarcoma originating in the inferior vena cava. Besides these, there are situations that may lead to diagnostic errors, such as the flow artefacts and pseudolipoma.


El objetivo de este artículo es describir las múltiples entidades que pueden afectar e invadir la vena cava inferior. Entre ellas podemos enumerar tanto entidades benignas, pero con un comportamiento agresivo, como procesos malignos que se originan en órganos adyacentes a esta estructura vascular o en ella misma como el leiomiosarcoma. En la presente revisión se exponen diferentes ejemplos en tomografía computarizada y resonancia magnética con casos de angiomiolipoma, feocromocitoma, carcinoma suprarrenal, carcinoma de células renales, hepatocarcinoma, sarcoma retroperitoneal y leiomiosarcoma originado en la vena cava inferior. Además se exponen situaciones que pueden inducir a errores diagnósticos como los artefactos de flujo y el pseudolipoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pheochromocytoma/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Angiomyolipoma/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate stent compression in iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) and to identify its association with stent patency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2005 and June 2014, after stent placement for the treatment of IVCS with acute ilio-femoral deep vein thrombosis, follow-up CT venography was performed in 48 patients (35 women, 13 men; age range 23-87 years; median age 56 years). Using follow-up CT venography, the degree of the stent compression was calculated and used to divide patients into two groups. Possible factors associated with stent compression and patency were evaluated. The cumulative degree of stent compression and patency rate were analyzed. RESULTS: All of the stents used were laser-cut nitinol stents. The proportion of limbs showing significant stent compression was 33%. Fifty-six percent of limbs in the significant stent compression group developed stent occlusion. On the other hand, only 9% of limbs in the insignificant stent compression group developed stent occlusion. Significant stent compression was inversely correlated with stent patency (p < 0.001). The median patency period evaluated with Kaplan-Meier analysis was 20.0 months for patients with significant stent compression. Other factors including gender, age, and type of stent were not correlated with stent patency. Significant stent compression occurred most frequently (87.5%) at the upper end of the stent (ilio-caval junction). CONCLUSION: Significant compression of nitinol stents placed in IVCS highly affects stent patency. Therefore, in order to prevent stent compression in IVCS, nitinol stents with higher radial resistive force may be required.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Iliac Vein/pathology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , May-Thurner Syndrome/diagnosis , Middle Aged , Phlebography , Retrospective Studies , Stents/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency/physiology , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
18.
JPMI-Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute. 2013; 27 (2): 213-219
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142597

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to assess the validity of color doppler sonography in the evaluation of malignant portal vein thrombosis in hepatocellular carcinoma [findings on biphasic spiral computed tomography were used as the gold standard]. This study was conducted in the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad from March 2009 to November 2009. A total of 100 patients those who were already diagnosed cases of HCC or those having high suspicion of HCC based on clinical criteria [e.g., chronic hepatitis B or C, liver cirrhosis, increased alpha fetoprotein level [>400ng/dl]] and /or Imaging findings [e.g., sonography, MRI, CT] were included in this study. Color doppler sonography had 80.7% sensitivity and 100% specificity in the detection of arterial flow in the portal vein thrombus [i.e., malignant thrombus] in comparison with biphasic CT [taken as gold standard]. Color doppler sonography is an effective, noninvasive method for evaluating the presence of malignant portal vein thrombosis associated with HCC


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Portal Vein/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218254

ABSTRACT

A 58-year-old female patient, diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the lung, underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty at the L4 vertebral body due to painful spinal metastases. Because of deep venous thrombosis of the left femoral and iliac veins, an inferior vena cava filter had been placed before vertebroplasty. Bone cement migrated into the venous bloodstream and then was being trapped within the previously placed filter. This case illustrates that caval filter could capture the bone cement and prevent it from migrating to the pulmonary circulation.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/secondary , Bone Cements/adverse effects , Embolism/etiology , Female , Humans , Iliac Vein , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/prevention & control , Spinal Neoplasms/secondary , Vena Cava Filters , Vena Cava, Inferior , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity of the 100 kVp setting in CT venography (CTV) in the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and to evaluate the feasibility of reducing the amount of administered iodine in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After receiving the contrast medium (CM) of 2.0 mL/kg, 88 patients underwent CTV of the pelvis and lower extremities by using one of four protocols: Group A, 120 kVp setting and 370 mgI/mL CM; group B, 120 kVp and 300 mgI/mL; group C, 100 kVp and 370 mgI/mL; group D, 100 kVp and 300 mgI/mL. The groups were evaluated for venous attenuation, vein-to-muscle contrast-to-noise ratio (CNRVEIN), DVT-to-vein contrast-to-noise ratio (CNRDVT), and subjective degree of venous enhancement and image quality. RESULTS: Venous attenuation and CNRVEIN were significantly higher in group C (144.3 Hounsfield unit [HU] and 11.9), but there was no significant difference between group A (118.0 HU and 8.2) and D (122.4 HU and 7.9). The attenuation value of DVT was not significantly different among the four groups, and group C had a higher absolute CNRDVT than the other groups. The overall diagnostic image quality and venous enhancement were significantly higher in group C, but there was no difference between groups A and D. CONCLUSION: The 100 kVp setting in CTV substantially help improve venous enhancement and CNRVEIN. Furthermore, it enables to reduce the amount of administered iodine while maintaining venous attenuation, as compared with the 120 kVp setting.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Iohexol/administration & dosage , Linear Models , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Male , Middle Aged , Phantoms, Imaging , Phlebography/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging
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