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Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 279-284, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252247


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has relationships with pathogenesis and inflammation pathways in many diseases. Its deficiency may make clinicians think not only of supplementation but also of presence of other diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between vitamin D levels and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), given that reduced levels are related to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case-control study conducted in the cardiovascular surgery and family medicine departments of a hospital in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 280 participants were included: 140 each in the DVT and control groups. Basic clinical characteristics, comorbidities and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were recorded and then compared between the groups. Serum 25(OH)D levels were also evaluated separately in three subgroups (sufficient, insufficient and deficient). RESULTS: Serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in the DVT group than in the controls (P < 0.001). Females in the DVT group had lower 25(OH)D levels than those in the control group (P = 0.002). Nonetheless, the median 25(OH)D level (16.41 ng/ml) of the control group was still below the reference value. Logistic regression analysis showed that 25(OH)D was a significant predictor of DVT. Weight, height and body mass index, which all presented interaction, were significant in the logistic regression analysis but not in individual analyses. CONCLUSION: The serum vitamin D levels of DVT patients were lower than those of controls. If the results obtained from our study are supported by further large-scale randomized controlled trials, vitamin D replacement may be brought into the agenda for protection against DVT.

Humans , Male , Female , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Turkey , Case-Control Studies , Extremities
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 68-73, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344690


Popliteal artery aneurysms is the most frequent peripheral aneurysm, predominantly affects men over 60 years of age and has a high morbidity associated to his complications, among which are ischemic complication, which can often end in amputation of the limb. Less frequent complications such as neuropathic and venous complications, particularly deep vein thrombosis, are equally relevant. Case presentation: Patient with an aneurysm of the popliteal artery complicated by thrombosis of the adjacent popliteal vein. Color Doppler ultrasound plays a fundamental role in the diagnosis.

Humans , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Popliteal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Ultrasonics , Bone Neoplasms/complications , Echocardiography, Doppler , Osteochondroma/complications , Aneurysm
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1304-1308, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877532


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on venous thrombosis and quality of life after lung cancer surgery, basing on the conventional nursing and early functional exercise.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients diagnosed as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and received radical resection of lung cancer surgery for the first time were randomized into a conventional nursing group, a rehabilitation training group and a TEAS group, 40 cases in each group. Conventional nursing was adopted in the conventional nursing group. Conventional nursing combined with early functional exercise were adopted in the rehabilitation training group, the exercise was taken 20 min each time, once in both morning and afternoon for 5 days. On the basis of the treatment in the rehabilitation training group, TEAS was applied at Zusanli (ST 36), Xuehai (SP 10), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), etc. in the TEAS group, with disperse-dense wave in frequency of 30 Hz/100 Hz and tolerable intensity, 30 min each time, once in both morning and afternoon for 5 days. The incidence of venous thrombosis in each group was observed at the 5th day after surgery. Before surgery and at the 5th day after surgery, the Caprini thrombus risk assessment was performed, the Karnofsky performance status (KPS) scale and the functional assessment of cancer therapy-lung (FACT-L) were used to evaluate the quality of life.@*RESULTS@#At the 5th day after surgery, no thrombosis was found in the TEAS group, the incidence of venous thrombosis in the TEAS group was lower than 15.0% (6/40) in the conventional nursing group (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional nursing and early functional exercise, TEAS can reduce the incidence of venous thrombosis, effectively prevent thrombosis and improve quality of life.

Acupuncture Points , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Venous Thrombosis/etiology
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202480, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136575


RESUMO A trombose portomesentérica (TPM) é uma complicação potencialmente grave que pode ocorrer após a cirurgia bariátrica. A TPM ganhou importância devido ao crescente número de cirurgias bariátricas sendo realizadas. Objetivo: Relatar complicação rara após cirurgia bariátrica, porém grave e de difícil manejo. Tentar identificar algumas características comuns aos pacientes e discutir possíveis causas, comparando a pouca literatura disponível. Métodos: Descrevemos seis casos de TPM em mulheres jovens com diferentes apresentações. Resultados: Todos os seis casos ocorreram em mulheres jovens de 29 a 41 anos sem obesidade grave - índice de massa corporal - IMC: 36 a 39 e com peso que variou de 105 a 121 kg. As pacientes apresentavam poucas comorbidades (todas relacionadas à síndrome metabólica) e esteatose hepática moderada, sem sinais de cirrose. Cinco pacientes usavam contraceptivos orais até dias antes da cirurgia. Uma paciente apresentou resultado positivo para trombofilia. Cinco pacientes foram submetidas a gastrectomia vertical e apenas uma submetida ao bypass gástrico sem complicações durante a cirurgia (tempo médio de operação: 61,3 min, variando de 52 a 91 min). A duração média do seguimento após a hospitalização foi de 12,3 meses (variação: 7 a 18 meses) e até o momento apenas uma paciente não teve recanalização. Conclusão: A frequência da TPM parece ser maior em mulheres e após gastrectomia vertical. Nossos achados indicam que pacientes com dor abdominal semanas após a cirurgia bariátrica devem ser investigados.

ABSTRACT Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is a potentially severe complication that can occur after bariatric surgery. PMVT has gained importance because of the increasing number of bariatric surgeries being performed. Objective: to report a rare and severe complication after bariatric surgery, which is difficult to manage. To try to identify common characteristics among the cases and discuss potential causes comparing our data to the available literature. Methods: We describe six cases of PMVT in young women with different presentations. Results: All six cases occurred in young women 29-41 years old with obesity - body mass index - BMI: 36-39) and weighing 105-121 kg. The patients had few comorbidities (all of which were related to metabolic syndrome) and moderate hepatic steatosis with no sign of cirrhosis. Five patients used oral contraceptives until a few days before the operation. One patient tested positive for thrombophilia. Five patients underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and one underwent a gastric bypass with no complications during the operation (median operating time: 61.3 min, range 52-91 min). The mean duration of follow-up after hospitalization was 12.3 months (range: 7-18 months) and to-date only one patient has had no recanalization. Conclusion: The frequency of PMVT appears to be increased in woman and after sleeve gastrectomy. Our findings indicate that patients with abdominal pain weeks after bariatric surgery must be investigated.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Mesenteric Veins/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(7): 946-950, July 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041046


SUMMARY A background of Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) indicates a progressive elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance, leading to overfilling, elevation of venous pressure, congestion in various organs, and edema in the venous system. This study aimed to investigate whether PH is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities after hip and knee replacement surgery. METHODS A total of 238 patients who received joint replacement of lower extremities in our department of orthopedics from January 2009 to January 2012 were examined by echocardiography and Color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) of the lower extremities. Based on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), the patients were divided into a normal PAP group (n=214) and PH group (n=24). All the patients were re-examined by CDFI during post-operative care. RESULTS Among the 238 patients, 18 had DVT in the lower extremities after the operation. DVT total incidence rate was 7.56% (18/238). In the PH group, 11 patients had DVT (45.83%, 11/24), but in the normal PAP group, only 7 had DVT (3.27%, 7/214). The incidence of DVT was significantly lower in the normal PAP group than in the PH group (P<0.01). In addition, there was a positive correlation between PAP and the incidence of DVT. CONCLUSION PH could be a high-risk factor for the occurrence of DVT in patient's lower extremities after joint replacement surgeries.

RESUMO OBJETIVO A hipertensão pulmonar (HP) indica elevação progressiva da resistência vascular pulmonar, levando ao excesso de enchimento, elevação da pressão venosa, congestão em vários órgãos e edema no sistema venoso. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar se a HP é um fator de risco para trombose venosa profunda (TVP) das extremidades inferiores após cirurgia de prótese de quadril e joelho. MÉTODOS Um total de 238 pacientes que receberam a substituição da articulação das extremidades inferiores em nosso departamento de ortopedia de janeiro de 2009 a junho de 2012 foi examinado por ecocardiograma e fluxo de imagem Doppler colorido (CDFI) dos membros inferiores. De acordo com a pressão arterial pulmonar (PAP), os pacientes foram divididos em grupo PAP normal (n=214) e grupo PH (n=24). Todos os pacientes foram reexaminados por CDFI durante os cuidados pós-operatórios. RESULTADOS Entre os 238 pacientes, 18 pacientes tiveram TVP nas extremidades inferiores após a operação. A taxa de incidência total de TVP foi de 7,56% (18/238). No grupo PH, 11 pacientes tiveram TVP (45,83%, 11/24), mas no grupo PAP normal, apenas sete pacientes tiveram TVP (3,27%, 7/214). A incidência de TVP foi significativamente menor no grupo PAP normal do que no grupo PH (P<0,01). Além disso, houve uma correlação positiva entre a PAP e a incidência de TVP. CONCLUSÃO A HP poderia ser um fator de alto risco para a ocorrência de TVP nas extremidades inferiores do paciente após cirurgias de substituição articular.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/complications , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Reference Values , Echocardiography, Doppler , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Preoperative Period , Hip/blood supply , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnostic imaging , Knee/blood supply
Afr. j. neurol. sci. (Online) ; 38(1): 11-18, 2019. ilus
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1257444


Introduction:La thrombose veineuse cérébrale représente une pathologie vasculaire veineuse autrefois dite rare. Objectif:L'objectif principal de notre étude était d'étudier les différents aspects cliniques, paracliniques, étiologiques et évolutifs des thromboses veineuses cérébrales. Méthodologie:Il s'agissait d'une étude prospective de 30 cas de thromboses veineuses cérébrales admis au service deneurologie de Fann durant la période allant de janvier 2013 à juillet 2016. L'imagerie cérébrale était le critèreindispensable pour confirmer le diagnostic.Résultats:Notre enquête comportait 21 femmes et 9 hommes avec un âge moyen de 34,4 ans. L'installation des signes était subaigüe dans la majorité des cas. Le motif d'admission était polymorphe, dominé par les céphalées(86,7%), les vomissements (60,0%), l'hémiplégie (56,7%). L'imagerie cérébrale révélait majoritairement 14 cas de thrombose du sinus latéral (46,7 %) et 10 cas de sinus longitudinal supérieur (33,3%). Les causes non infectieuses (50%) notamment gynéco-obstétricales dominaient. L'évolution sous héparinothérapie était le plus souvent favorable ; seules des céphalées séquellaires demeuraient. Conclusion La thrombophlébite cérébrale constitue une urgence pronostique et thérapeutique. La variabilité du diagnostic pourrait expliquer le retard de la prise en charge

Academic Medical Centers , Disease Progression , Senegal , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/etiology
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(6): 645-649, Nov.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977409


Abstract Introduction: Advanced hepatic disease may - in addition to the widely recognized hemorrhagic complications - occur with thrombotic events. We describe the case of a cirrhotic patient taking warfarin and whose coagulation management during liver transplantation was guided by thromboelastometry (ROTEM®). Case report: A 56 year-old male patient diagnosed with alcohol cirrhosis using warfarin (2.5−1) for partial portal vein thrombosis with the International Normalized Ratio (INR) of 2.14. At the beginning of surgery, the ROTEM® parameters were all normal. In the anhepatic phase, EXTEM and INTEM remained normal, but FIBTEM showed reduction of amplitude after 10 min and maximum clot firmness. Finally, in the neohepatic phase, there was a slight alteration in the hypocoagulability of most of the parameters of the EXTEM, INTEM and FIBTEM, besides a notable correction of the Coagulation Time (CT) in HEPTEM compared to the CT of the INTEM. Therefore, the patient did not receive any transfusion of blood products during surgery and in the postoperative period, being discharged on the 8th postoperative day. Discussion: Coagulation deficit resulting from cirrhosis distorts INR as a parameter of anticoagulation adequacy and as a determinant of the need for blood transfusion. Thus, thromboelastometry can provide important information for patient management.

Resumo Introdução: A doença hepática avançada pode, além das complicações hemorrágicas amplamente reconhecidas, ocorrer com eventos trombóticos. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente cirrótico em uso de varfarina, cujo manejo da coagulação durante o transplante de fígado foi guiado por tromboelastometria (ROTEM®). Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 56 anos, diagnosticado com cirrose alcoólica, recebendo varfarina (2,5 mg.dia−1) para trombose parcial da veia porta, com razão normalizada internacional (INR) de 2,14. No início da cirurgia, os parâmetros ROTEM® estavam todos normais. Na fase não hepática, EXTEM e INTEM permaneceram normais, mas FIBTEM mostrou redução da amplitude após 10 min e firmeza máxima do coágulo. Por fim, na fase neo-hepática houve uma ligeira alteração da hipocoagulabilidade na maioria dos parâmetros de EXTEM, INTEM e FIBTEM, além de uma correção notável do tempo de coagulação (CT) de HEPTEM em comparação com o CT de INTEM. Portanto, o paciente não recebeu transfusão de hemoderivados durante a cirurgia e no período pós-operatório, obteve alta no oitavo dia de pós-operatório. Discussão: O déficit de coagulação resultante da cirrose distorce o INR como um parâmetro da adequação da anticoagulação e como um determinante da necessidade de transfusão de sangue. Portanto, a tromboelastometria pode fornecer informações importantes para o manejo do paciente.

Humans , Male , Thrombelastography , Warfarin/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Liver Transplantation , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control , Venous Thrombosis/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/blood , Middle Aged
Rev. méd. Urug ; 34(1): 48-51, mar. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-879956


La relación existente entre trombosis y cáncer es ampliamente conocida. Sin embargo, este vínculo es frecuentemente subestimado en las neoplasias hematológicas, hecho que debe mantener alerta al médico clínico. La trombosis venosa profunda puede constituir la manifestación inicial de una leucemia aguda o precederla en el diagnóstico. La búsqueda minuciosa de esplenomegalia y linfadenopatías en el examen clínico, así como una mirada atenta al recuento completo de células sanguíneas (hemograma completo) son esenciales para no omitir el diagnóstico, con implicancias pronósticas y terapéuticas directas. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente con trombosis venosa profunda en el miembro inferior izquierdo como debut de una leucemia aguda.

The relationship between thrombosis and cáncer is widely knkown. However, this relationship is often underestimated in hematologic neoplasms, what needs to be borne in mind my clinicians. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) may constitute the initial manifestation of acute leukemia or precede its diagnosis. The meticulous search for splenomegaly and lymphadenopathies in the clinical examination, as well as the careful analysis of complete blood count are crucial for diagnostic purposes, and has direct prognostic and therapeutic implications. The study presents the clinical case of a patient with deep vein thrombosis in the left lower limb as a debut of acute leukemia.

A relação entre trombose e câncer é muito conhecida. No entanto, este vínculo é frequentemente subestimado nas neoplasias hematológicas, o que deve ser um alerta para o médico clínico. A trombose venosa profunda pode ser a manifestação inicial de uma leucemia aguda ou precedê-la no diagnóstico. A investigação minuciosa de esplenomegalia e linfadenopatias no exame clínico, bem como uma leitura atenta do hemograma completo são essenciais para não omitir o diagnóstico que consequentes implicações diretas sobre o prognóstico e a terapêutica. Descreve-se um caso clínico de uma paciente com trombose venosa profunda no membro inferior esquerdo como inicio de uma leucemia aguda.

Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/etiology
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1263846


La tuberculose est un facteur de risque de maladies thromboemboliques. Nous rapportons le cas d'une fille de dix ans qui a présenté un premier épisode de thrombose veineuse profonde découverte devant une douleur du membre pelvien droit avec œdème et impotence fonctionnelle, confirmée par un échodoppler des vaisseaux de la cuisse. Lors de la recherche de la cause, la tuberculose pulmonaire a été diagnostiquée selon les critères de l'Union Internationale Contre la Tuberculose et les Maladies Respiratoires. La patiente a été mise sous des antituberculeux associés à l'héparine de bas poids moléculaire relayée par l'anti vitamine K. L'évolution a été favorable. Il conviendrait en l'absence de diagnostic microbiologique de la tuberculose dans les pays à ressources limitées, d'évoquer une tuberculose devant toute thrombose veineuse profonde associée à une pneumonie

Antitubercular Agents , Central African Republic , Pediatrics , Tuberculosis/therapy , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/etiology
J. bras. nefrol ; 39(4): 477-480, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893786


ABSTRACT Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is a complication often associated with nephrotic syndrome. It occurs due to a state of hypercoagulability common in the diseases that attend to this syndromic diagnosis. It should be suspected whenever there is nephrotic syndrome associated with sudden flank pain, hematuria and worsening of proteinuria. Bilateral RVT also presents with frequently oliguric renal dysfunction. This case reports a 33-year-old patient hospitalized for a nephrotic syndrome, with etiologic investigation suggestive of primary membranous glomerulopathy, which evolved with bilateral RVT associated with deterioration of renal function and need for renal replacement therapy. He promptly performed angiography with thrombectomy and thrombolysis, evolving with recovery of renal function in two weeks.

RESUMO A trombose de veia renal (TVR) é uma complicação muitas vezes associada à síndrome nefrótica. Ocorre devido a um estado de hipercoagulabilidade comum nas enfermidades que cursam com esse diagnóstico sindrômico. Deve ser suspeitada sempre que houver síndrome nefrótica associada à dor súbita em flanco, hematúria e piora da proteinúria. TVR bilateral cursa, ainda, com disfunção renal frequentemente oligúrica. Esse caso reporta um paciente de 33 anos internado por um quadro de síndrome nefrótica, com investigação etiológica sugestiva de glomerulopatia membranosa primária, que evoluiu com TVR bilateral associada à deterioração da função renal e necessidade de terapia substitutiva renal. Realizou, prontamente, angiografia com trombectomia e trombólise, evoluindo com recuperação da função renal em duas semanas.

Humans , Male , Adult , Renal Veins , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous/complications , Renal Dialysis , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , Renal Insufficiency/therapy , Recovery of Function
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 82(5): 534-538, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899939


Se presentan 3 casos de trombosis de la vena ovárica, uno en relación a cirugía pélvica y dos durante el postparto. La trombosis de la vena ovárica es una complicación rara, de presentación clínica inespecífica, lo que hace plantearse un diagnóstico diferencial con otras patologías más frecuentes (apendicitis, pielonefritis, etc), siendo la TAC el gold standard para su diagnóstico. El tratamiento más adecuado son los anticoagulantes.

We report 3 cases of varian vein thrombosis, one in relation with pelvic surgery and 2 during the postpartum period. The ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare complication, with inespecific symptoms, that is why it is obligatory to propose a differential diagnosis with more frecuent patologies (appendicitis, pyelonephritis, etc.), the CAT is the gold standard in its diagnosis. Anticoagulants are the most suitable treatment.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Ovarian Diseases/complications , Ovary/blood supply , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Postpartum Period , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(9): 1213-1217, set. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902610


Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is immune-mediated. It occurs more frequently with unfractionated heparin (UFH) than with low molecular weight heparins (LMWH). It is associated with thromboembolic rather than hemorrhagic events, as opposed to thrombocytopenia of other etiologies. The key in therapy is the cessation of heparin and the start of another anticoagulant. We report a 58 years old female with HIT secondary to the use of Enoxaparin who was successfully managed with Rivaroxaban. Our goal is to report a novel therapy and provide the evidence that supports its use.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thrombocytopenia/chemically induced , Thrombocytopenia/drug therapy , Heparin/therapeutic use , Factor Xa Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(3): 305-310, Mar.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843401


Abstract Introduction Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but serious complication after spinal anesthesia. It is often related to the presence of predisposing factors, such as pregnancy, puerperium, oral contraceptive use, and malignancies. Headache is the most common symptom. We describe a case of a patient who underwent spinal anesthesia and had postoperative headache complicated with CVT. Case report Male patient, 30 years old, ASA 1, who underwent uneventful arthroscopic knee surgery under spinal anesthesia. Forty-eight hours after the procedure, the patient showed frontal, orthostatic headache that improved when positioned supine. Diagnosis of sinusitis was made in the general emergency room, and he received symptomatic medication. In subsequent days, the headache worsened with holocranial location and with little improvement in the supine position. The patient presented with left hemiplegia followed by tonic-clonic seizures. He underwent magnetic resonance venography; diagnosed with CVT. Analysis of procoagulant factors identified the presence of lupus anticoagulant antibody. The patient received anticonvulsants and anticoagulants and was discharged on the eighth day without sequelae. Discussion Any patient presenting with postural headache after spinal anesthesia, which intensifies after a plateau, loses its orthostatic characteristic or become too long, should undergo imaging tests to rule out more serious complications, such as CVT. The loss of cerebrospinal fluid leads to dilation and venous stasis that, coupled with the traction caused by the upright position, can lead to CVT in some patients with prothrombotic conditions.

Resumo Introdução: A trombose venosa cerebral (TVC) é uma complicação rara, mas grave, após raquianestesia. Está frequentemente relacionada com a presença de fatores predisponentes, como gestação, puerpério, uso de contraceptivos orais e doenças malignas. O sintoma mais frequente é a cefaleia. Descrevemos um caso de um paciente submetido à raquianestesia que apresentou cefaleia no período pós-operatório complicada com TVC. Relato de caso: Paciente de 30 anos, ASA 1, submetido à cirurgia de artroscopia de joelho sob raquianestesia, sem intercorrências. Quarenta e oito horas após o procedimento apresentou cefaleia frontal, ortostática, que melhorava com o decúbito. Foi feito diagnóstico de sinusite em pronto socorro geral e recebeu medicação sintomática. Nos dias subsequentes teve pioria da cefaleia, que passou a ter localização holocraniana e mais intensa e com pequena melhora com o decúbito dorsal. Evoluiu com hemiplegia esquerda seguida de convulsões tônico-clônicas generalizadas. Foi submetido à ressonância magnética com venografia que fez o diagnóstico de TVC. A pesquisa para fatores pró-coagulantes identificou a presença de anticorpo lúpico. Recebeu como medicamentos anticonvulsivantes e anticoagulantes e teve alta hospitalar em oito dias, sem sequelas. Discussão: Qualquer paciente que apresente cefaleia postural após uma raquianestesia, e que intensifica após um platô, perca sua característica ortostática ou se torne muito prolongada, deve ser submetido a exames de imagem para excluir complicações mais sérias como a TVC. A perda de líquido cefalorraquidiano leva à dilatação e à estase venosa, que, associadas à tração provocada pela posição ereta, podem, em alguns pacientes com estados protrombóticos, levar à TVC.

Humans , Male , Adult , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Intracranial Thrombosis/etiology , Post-Dural Puncture Headache/etiology , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Intracranial Thrombosis/complications , Post-Dural Puncture Headache/complications
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(6): 488-491, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896359


Summary We describe the case of a male patient, aged 76 years, referred for cardiac investigation due to retrosternal chest pain and dyspnea. He had a history of acute myocardial infarction and angioplasties in the last 30 years, including a saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafting (SVCABG). Echocardiogram showed hypoechoic oval formation near the right ventricle, suggesting a pericardial cyst. Computed angiotomography revealed a predominantly fusiform and thrombosed aneurysmal dilation of the SVCABG to the right coronary artery. SVCABG aneurysms are very rare and potentially fatal. They usually appear in the late postoperative period, and patients are often asymptomatic. On radiography, it is frequently presented as enlargement of the mediastinum, with echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging being very useful for diagnosis. Coronary angiography is the gold standard to detect these cases. Our report illustrates a rare situation arising late from a relatively common surgery. Due to its severity, proper recognition in the routine assessment of patients with a similar history is essential.

Resumo Descrevemos o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, 76 anos, em avaliação cardiológica em razão de dor torácica retroesternal e dispneia. Antecedente de infartos agudos do miocárdio e angioplastias nos últimos 30 anos, incluindo um bypass aortocoronário de veia safena (BACVS) ou "ponte de safena". Em ecocardiograma, observou-se formação ovalada alongada hipoecoica junto ao ventrículo direito, podendo sugerir um cisto pericárdico. Angiotomografia computadorizada do tórax evidenciou uma dilatação aneurismática predominantemente fusiforme e trombosada de "ponte de safena" para artéria coronária direita. Aneurismas de BACVS são raríssimos e potencialmente fatais. Geralmente, surgem em um período tardio pós-cirúrgico, sendo seus portadores muitas vezes assintomáticos. Na radiografia, frequentemente se apresentam como alargamento do mediastino, sendo a ecocardiografia, a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética muito úteis no diagnóstico. A angiografia coronariana é o padrão-ouro na detecção. Este relato ilustra uma situação rara decorrente tardiamente de uma cirurgia relativamente comum, e por causa de sua gravidade torna-se essencial o seu reconhecimento na rotina de avaliação de pacientes com antecedentes semelhantes.

Humans , Male , Aged , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Aneurysm/etiology
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 33(2): 72-83, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1009158


El síndrome antifosfolípido está definido por la combinación de manifestaciones clínicas trombóticas y/u obstétricas y un título persistentemente alto y significativo de anticuerpos antifosfolípidos. La presencia de múltiples trombos en lechos vasculares pequeños que lleva a falla multiorgánica, simultáneamente o en menos de 1 semana, define al síndrome antifosfolípido catastrófico el cual conlleva alta mortalidad; sin embargo, la sospecha diagnóstica y la institución temprana del tratamiento, definitivamente inciden en el pronóstico de éstos pacientes(AU)

Antiphospholipid syndrome is defined by the combination of thrombotic and/or obstetric clinical manifestations and a persistently high and significant title of antiphospholipid antibodies. The presence of multiple thrombi in small vascular beds leading to multi-organ failure that occurs simultaneously or in less than 1 week, and defines the catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome which carries high mortality, The suspected diagnosis and early treatment affects the prognosis of these patients(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Heparin/administration & dosage , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/complications , Antibodies, Antiphospholipid/chemistry , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Internal Medicine
Medical Principles and Practice. 2017; 26 (3): 266-272
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188533


Objective: This study compared the risk of varicose veins [VV] among physicians, nonphysician health care providers [HCP], and the general population

Subjects and Methods: The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify 28,844 physicians and 26,099 nonphysi-cian HCP and an identical number of age- and sex-matched patients from the general population. Using logistic regression analyses, W risks between physicians and the general population, nonphysician HCP and the general population, and physicians and nonphysician HCP, and among physician specialists were compared by tracing their medical histories between 2007 and 2011

Results: Physicians and nonphysician HCP had cumulative W incidences of 0.12% [34/28,844] and 0.13% [33/26,099], respectively, during the 5-year period, compared to that of the general population within the same 5-year period. Physicians and nonphysician HCP didnot have a higher W risk than the general population after adjusting for deep vein thrombosis [DVT] history [adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.86; 95% confidence interval [Cl] 0.53-1.40, and AOR 1.43; 95% Cl 0.82-2.50, respectively]. Physicians did not a have higher VV risk than nonphysician HCP [AOR 0.80; 95% Cl 0.43-1.51] after adjusting for age, sex, and DVT history. Surgery had the highest incidence [0.22%] while pediatrics and emergency medicine had the lowest incidence [0%] of VV risk among physician specialists; however, the difference was not significant [all p values >0.05]

Conclusion: In this study, VV risk did not differ among physicians, non-physician HCP, and the general population

Humans , Female , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Personnel , Posture , Physicians , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Logistic Models , Work/standards
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1271915


INTRODUCTION:Les thromboses veineuses (TV) constituent une pathologie fréquente et potentiellement grave. Les facteurs de risques ou étiologiques sont multiples. Malgré les nombreuses recommandations internationales sur la prophylaxie, les incidences hospitalières de cette pathologie restent toujours élevées. METHODOLOGIE:Nous avions mené une étude rétrospective et descriptive au service de cardiologie de l'hôpital général de Grand Yoff de Dakar entre janvier 2006 et décembre 2014 soit une période de 9 ans. Tous les dossiers de malades hospitalisés pour thrombose veineuse (TV) confirmée à l'imagerie ont été recensés. Les paramètres étudiés étaient les données épidémiologiques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et évolutives. Les données ont été analysées avec le logiciel EPI INFO 6.0. Le seuil de significativité était retenu pour une valeur de p<0,05.RESULTATS:Nous avions colligés 148 cas de thromboses veineuses. La prévalence était de 2,78%. Le sex ratio H/F était de 0,51. L'âge moyen était de 51 ans ± 19,22. La symptomatologie était dominée par le tableau de grosse jambe inflammatoire gauche dans 89 cas (60 %). L'écho-Doppler veineuse objectivait une prédominance des TV au niveau du réseau veineux profond dans 123 cas (83,7%). Les facteurs de risque retrouvés étaient dominés outre l'âge supérieur ou égal à 60 ans (38,5%), la prise de pilules oestro-progestatives (13%) et le tabagisme (9,5%). Les patients avaient bénéficié d'un traitement à base d'héparine de bas poids moléculaire associé dès le 1er jour à un antivitamine K (acénocoumarol) (98%). L'évolution était favorable chez 121 patients (82,4%). La mortalité globale était de 2,7% soit 4 patients.CONCLUSION:Les thromboses veineuses deviennent relativement fréquentes dans nos hôpitaux. Dans notre étude, elle était plus fréquente chez les femmes et les sujets jeunes et plus souvent liée aux facteurs médicaux

Cardiology Service, Hospital , Disease Progression , Senegal , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/epidemiology , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56706


BACKGROUND: Currently, the hypertension (HTN) patients undergo appropriate medical treatment, and traditional risk factors are highly controlled. Therefore, potential risk factors of atherosclerotic vascular diseases (AVD) and venous thromboembolisms (VTE) in HTN should be reconsidered. We investigated thrombophilic genetic mutations and existing biomarkers for AVD or VTE in HTN patients receiving treatment. METHODS: A total of 183 patients were enrolled: AVD with HTN (group A, n=45), VTE with HTN (group B, n=62), and HTN patients without any vascular diseases (group C, n=76). The lipid profile, homocysteine (Hcy) levels, D-dimers, fibrinogen, antithrombin, lupus anticoagulant, and anti-cardiolipin antibody (aCL) were evaluated. Prothrombin G20210A, Factor V G1691A, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C were analyzed. RESULTS: All patients revealed wild type prothrombin G20210A and Factor V G1691A polymorphisms. The frequency of MTHFR polymorphisms was 677CT (n=84, 45.9%); 677TT (n=46, 25.1%); 1298AC (n=46, 25.1%); and 1298CC (n=2, 1.1%). The MTHFR 677TT genotype tended to increase the odds ratio (OR) to AVD events in HTN patients (OR 2.648, confidence interval 0.982-7.143, P=0.05). The group A demonstrated significantly higher Hcy levels (P=0.009), fibrinogen (P=0.004), and platelet counts (P=0.04) than group C. Group B had significantly higher levels of D-dimers (P=0.0001), platelet count (P=0.0002), and aCL (P=0.02) frequency than group C. CONCLUSIONS: The MTHFR 677TT genotype and Hcy level could be potential risk factors associated with development of AVD in HTN patients receiving treatment. D-dimer and aCL might be useful to estimate the occurrence of VTE in them.

Adult , Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , DNA/analysis , Factor V/genetics , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Genotype , Homocysteine/blood , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Lipids/blood , Male , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Platelet Count , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prothrombin/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors , Vascular Diseases/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/etiology
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1209-1213, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79772


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in Korean patients who underwent hip fracture surgery (HFS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively, a total 181 cases were classified into the LMWH user group (116 cases) and LMWH non-user group (65 cases). Each group was sub-classified according to fracture types as follows: 81 cases of intertrochanteric fracture (group A: 49, group B: 32) and 100 cases of neck fracture (group C: 67, group D: 33). We compared the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) according to LMWH use. RESULTS: Of the 181 cases, four DVTs were found in the LMWH user groups (1 in group A, and 3 in group C). One case of PE was found in LMWH non-user group D. The incidences of DVT and PE showed no statistically significant differences between the LMWH user and non-user groups (p=0.298 and 0.359, respectively). In subgroup analysis, no statistically significant differences were found between groups A and B and between groups C and D. CONCLUSION: The administration of LMWH was not effective in the prevention of venous thromboembolism and PE in the Korean patients who underwent HFS.

Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Female , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Hip Fractures/classification , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Republic of Korea , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Venous Thrombosis/etiology