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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 92-100, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating bland thrombus from tumor thrombus of the inferior vena cava (IVC) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively investigated 30 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy and had pathologically confirmed RCC. All patients underwent US and CEUS examination. Two off-line readers observed and recorded thrombus imaging information and enhancement patterns. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for bland thrombus were assessed. Results: Of the 30 patients, no adverse events occurred during administration of the contrast agent. Early enhancement of the mass within the IVC lumen on CEUS was an indicator of tumor thrombus. Bland thrombus showed no intraluminal flow on CEUS. There were eight (26.7%) patients with bland thrombus, including three level II, two level III, and three level IV. There were three cases with cephalic bland thrombus and five cases with caudal bland thrombus. Three caudal bland thrombi extended to the iliac vein and underwent surgical IVC interruption. Based on no intraluminal flow, for bland thrombus, CEUS had 87.5% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 96.7% accuracy, 100% positive predictive value and 95.6% negative predictive value. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the potential of CEUS in the differentiation of bland and tumor thrombus of the IVC in patients with RCC. Since CEUS is an effective, inexpensive, and non-invasive method, it could be a reliable tool in the evaluation of IVC thrombus in patients with RCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Venous Thrombosis , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Thrombectomy/methods , Contrast Media , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Tumor Burden , Neoplasm Grading , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged
2.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4934, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056036

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Varicose gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic liver disease. Endoscopic treatment is the first therapeutic line for these patients, however, for those whom this therapeutic modality fail, a broad knowledge of alternative treatment options may improve the prognosis. We describe a case of a patient who were successfully embolized from gastroesophageal varices via transsplenic access.


RESUMO O sangramento gastrointestinal varicoso está entre as maiores causas de morbimortalidade nos paciente com doença hepática crônica. O tratamento endoscópico é a primeira linha terapêutica neste pacientes, porém naqueles que apresentam falha nesta modalidade terapêutica, o amplo conhecimento de opções alternativas de tratamento pode melhorar o prognóstico. Descrevemos um caso de paciente submetido à embolização com sucesso de varizes gastresofágicas por acesso transesplênico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Splenic Vein/surgery , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Portal Vein/surgery , Splenic Vein/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e390, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades vasculares periféricas comprenden un variado número de entidades nosológicas que afectan a los sistema arterial (excluidos los vasos del corazón, e intracraneales) y venolinfáticos del organismo. Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes que necesitaron ser atendidos por un cirujano vascular por presentar algún tipo de enfermedad vascular periférica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo realizado en el total de pacientes atendidos por consulta externa y hospitalizados en el Servicio de Cirugía Vascular del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social; Hospital Manuel Ignacio Montero Valdivieso. El período de estudio fue de dos años (septiembre de 2014 a octubre de 2016). Se tuvieron en cuenta las siguientes enfermedades vasculares periféricas: enfermedades vasculares periféricas, insuficiencia venosa crónica, pie diabético, trombosis venosa profunda y trombosis arterial aguda Los resultados se expresaron en trabajo con las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: La insuficiencia venosa crónica fue la causa más frecuente de hospitalización y consulta externa. Se encontró un predominio del sexo femenino. La úlcera del pie diabético se ubicó en orden decreciente de frecuencia entre las enfermedades consideradas. El desbridamiento quirúrgico o limpieza quirúrgica fue el procedimiento más empleado. La amputación mayor se realizó en todos los pacientes que tuvieron una trombosis arterial aguda de extremidades inferiores. Conclusiones: Se describen las características de los pacientes atendidos por el cirujano vascular en Ecuador, así como las enfermedades vasculares periféricas más frecuentes atendidas que son motivo de consulta externa y de hospitalización(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral vascular diseases include a varied number of nosologic entities that affect the arterial (excluding heart and intracranial vessels) and venolymphatic systems of the organism. Objective: To characterize patients who needed to be treated by a vascular surgeon after presenting some type of peripheral vascular disease. Method: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out in all the patients treated by external consultation and to the patients hospitalized in the service of Vascular surgery of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security and Manuel Ignacio Montero Valdivieso Hospital. The study lasted two years ( from September 2014 to October 2016). The following peripheral vascular diseases were taken into account: peripheral vascular diseases, chronic venous insufficiency, diabetic foot, deep-vein thrombosis and acute arterial thrombosis. The results were expressed in this paper with absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Chronic venous failure was the most frequent cause of hospitalization and outpatient consultation. A prevalence of female sex was found. The diabetic foot ulcer was observed in a decreasing order of frequency. Surgical debridement and/or surgical cleaning were the most used procedures. Major amputations were performed in all patients who had an acute arterial thrombosis of the lower limbs. Conclusions: It was possible to characterize the patients treated by the vascular surgeon in Ecuador, as well as the most frequent peripheral vascular diseases attended that needed outpatient consultation and hospitalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Venous Insufficiency , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Ecuador
4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 310-314, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047144

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A demanda por cirurgia plástica tem aumentado progressivamente, dentre os procedimentos mais frequentes estão as cirurgias de mamas (aumento e redução). Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de prontuários de pacientes que foram submetidas a mamoplastia redutora e de aumento, no período de janeiro de 2015 a junho de 2018, no Hospital PUC-Campinas. Resultados: Foram realizadas 13 mamoplastias de aumento e 275 mamoplastias redutoras. Das 288 cirurgias realizadas duas (n=2) evoluíram com TEP (tromboembolismo pulmonar). Conclusão: Portanto, a incidência de fenômenos tromboembólicos em mamoplastias de aumento e redutoras mostrou-se baixa no presente estudo, assim como na literatura. Já as pacientes acometidas no estudo eram consideradas de baixo risco para complicação tromboembólica, de acordo com protocolos de profilaxia, devendo-se atentar para tais fenômenos no pós-operatório. Ainda são necessários mais estudos para padronização do uso de medidas de profilaxia do tromboembolismo venoso.


Introduction: The demand for plastic surgery has progressively increased, and breast enlargement and reduction surgeries are among the most frequent procedures. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent reduction and augmentation mammoplasty between January 2015 and June 2018 at the PUC-Campinas Hospital. Results: Thirteen augmentation mammoplasties and 275 reduction mammoplasties were performed. Of the 288 patients who underwent surgeries, two patients developed postoperative pulmonary thromboembolism. Conclusion: The incidence of thromboembolic phenomena in augmentation and reduction mammoplasty is low. Patients in this study were considered at low risk for thromboembolic complications. According to prophylaxis protocols, this phenomena should be monitored postoperatively. Further studies are needed to standardize the use of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Patients , Pulmonary Embolism , Surgery, Plastic , Breast , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Embolism and Thrombosis , Venous Thrombosis , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Pulmonary Embolism/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism/complications , Surgery, Plastic/statistics & numerical data , Breast/surgery , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Embolism and Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/complications
5.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(2): 268-273, apr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015989

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Abdominoplastia consiste em um dos procedimentos estéticos mais populares realizados no Brasil. Pacientes pósbariátricos representam um desafio peculiar ao cirurgião plástico, uma vez que não só requerem reconstruções complexas, mas também apresentam comorbidades residuais e deficiências nutricionais. O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) constitui uma complicação grave e potencialmente fatal da abdominoplastia. Apesar da pequena frequência desta complicação, os métodos aceitos como padrões para prevenção de TEV em pacientes após abdominoplastia, incluindo quimioprofilaxia, permanecem controversos. Objetivo: Avaliar a experiência do autor com rivaroxabana para profilaxia de TEV em pacientes submetidos a abdominoplastia após grande perda ponderal. Métodos: Uma série de 396 casos foi conduzida retrospectivamente. Todos os pacientes submetidos à abdominoplastia após cirurgia bariátrica que receberam rivaroxabana foram incluídos. A dose profilática foi de 10mg por dia. Dados demográficos, comorbidades, tipo de cirurgia e complicações foram registrados. Resultados: 396 casos de pacientes pós-bariátricos (356 mulheres e 40 homens) foram submetidos à abdominoplastia e receberam rivaroxabana no pós-operatório, de julho de 2015 a julho de 2018. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 39,1 anos. O índice de massa corporal médio no momento da abdominoplastia foi de 27,2kg/m². Houve apenas um caso de tromboembolismo venoso (0,25%). Treze pacientes apresentaram hematoma com necessidade de drenagem. Conclusões: A quimioprofilaxia de rotina com rivaroxabana para pacientes submetidos à abdominoplastia após grande perda ponderal revela uma baixa incidência de TEV. Esta medicação oral é bem tolerada e apresenta um perfil de complicação aceitável.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic procedures performed in Brazil. Postbariatric patients present a challenge to the plastic surgeon as not only do they have complex reconstructive challenges but also they have residual medical comorbidities and nutritional deficiencies. A serious and potentially fatal complication of abdominoplasty is venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite the frequency of this serious complication, the accepted standard methods to prevent VTE in abdominoplasty patients, including chemoprophylaxis, remain controversy. Objective: To evaluate the author experience with rivaroxaban, for VTE prophylaxis in abdominoplasty patients after massive weight loss. Methods: A retrospective 396 cases series were conducted. All patients who underwent abdominoplasty after bariatric surgery and received rivaroxaban were included. The prophylactic dose was 10 mg daily for 30 days, beginning 24 hours postoperatively. Patient demographics, comorbidities, type of surgery and complications were recorded. Results: From July 2015 until July 2018, 396 post bariatric patients (356 women and 40 men) underwent abdominoplasty and received rivaroxaban postoperatively. The mean body mass index prior to their weight loss procedure was 43.8kg/m2 (range, 37.3- 61.9kg/m2) and mean BMI was 27.2kg/m² at the time of the abdominoplasty. Mean patient age was 39.1 years. Only one patient had a symptomatic PTE event. Thirteen patients had a hematoma requiring operative evacuation, and all went on to heal without sequel. Conclusions: Routine chemoprophylaxis with rivaroxaban for abdominoplasty patients after massive weight loss has a low rate of VTE events. This oral medication is well tolerated and has an acceptable complication profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/physiopathology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Venous Thromboembolism/surgery , Venous Thromboembolism/complications , Venous Thromboembolism/physiopathology , Refractive Surgical Procedures/methods , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Rivaroxaban/adverse effects , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Rivaroxaban/pharmacology
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 229-232, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990581

ABSTRACT

Abstract Advanced renal cell carcinoma accompanied by tumor thrombus in the venous system is present in up to 10% of cases. Extension of tumor thrombus above the diaphragm or into the right atrium represents level IV disease. Level IV tumors are typically treated with sterno-laparotomy approach with or without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and veno-venous bypass. In this case report, the surgical technique for the resection of advanced RCC were described, with the concomitant use of transesophageal echocardiography for thrombus extraction without the veno-venous or cardiopulmonary bypass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
7.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 170-173, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910876

ABSTRACT

Os aneurismas venosos são raros, sendo na maioria das vezes diagnosticados de forma incidental. Os aneurismas de veia poplítea são os mais comuns entre os aneurismas venosos e apresentam uma forte associação com a ocorrência de trombose venosa profunda e embolia pulmonar recorrente. O presente estudo descreve dois casos de aneurisma de veia poplítea associados a trombose venosa profunda.


Venous aneurysms are rare and often diagnosed incidentally. Popliteal vein aneurysms are the most common type of venous aneurysms and have a strong association with the occurrence of deep vein thrombosis and recurrent pulmonary embolism. This article reports two cases of popliteal vein aneurysms associated with deep vein thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Popliteal Vein/physiopathology , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
8.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(1): 26-33, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-904898

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A cirurgia bariátrica é considerada a melhor opção para o tratamento da obesidade, cujos pacientes são considerados de alto risco para fenômenos tromboembólicos. Objetivos: Comparar o uso de doses diferentes de heparina de baixo peso molecular (HBPM) na profilaxia da trombose venosa profunda (TVP) em pacientes candidatos à cirurgia bariátrica em relação ao risco de TVP, alteração na dosagem do fator anti-Xa e sangramento pré ou pós-operatório. Métodos: Estudo comparativo transversal em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica distribuídos em dois grupos, que receberam doses de HBPM de 40 mg (grupo controle, GC) e 80 mg (grupo de estudo, GE). Foram avaliados por ultrassonografia vascular e dosagem de KPTT, TAP, plaquetas e fator anti-Xa. Resultados: Foram avaliados 60 pacientes, sendo 34 no GC e 26 no GE. Foi observada diferença significativa somente no peso (p = 0,003) e índice de massa corporal (p = 0,018) no GE em relação ao GC. Não houve diferença na dosagem de KPTT, TAP, plaquetas e fator anti-Xa entre os grupos. Não foram detectados TVP ou sangramentos significativos em ambos os grupos. Conclusões: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na utilização de doses maiores de HBPM na profilaxia da TVP em pacientes candidatos à cirurgia bariátrica em relação ao risco de TVP, dosagem do fator anti-Xa e sangramento pré ou pós-operatório


Background: Bariatric surgery is considered the best treatment option for patients with obesity who are classed as high risk for thromboembolic events. Objectives: To compare two different doses of low weight molecular heparin (LWMH) for prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in candidates for bariatric surgery, in terms of DVT risk, abnormal anti-Xa levels, and preoperative and/or postoperative bleeding. Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study of bariatric surgery patients divided into two groups given different doses of LWMH; 40 mg of LWMH (control group, CG) and 80 mg of LWMH (study group, SG), both evaluated by vascular ultrasonography (VU) and according to the results of PTT, PT, platelets, and anti-Xa factor assays. Results: Sixty patients were evaluated, 34 in the CG and 26 in the SG. The only significant differences between the patients in the SG and the CG were weight (p = 0.003) and body mass index (p = 0.018). There were no differences between the groups in PTT, PT, platelets, or anti-Xa factor levels. There was no DVT or significant bleeding in either group. Conclusions: There were no statistical differences when higher doses of LWMH were used for prevention of DVT in bariatric surgery patients, in terms of DVT risk, anti-Xa factor levels, or preoperative and postoperative bleeding


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Comparative Study , Heparin/administration & dosage , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/therapy , Disease Prevention , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Hemorrhage/complications , Coagulants/administration & dosage , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Control Groups , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Risk Factors , Laparoscopy/methods , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(4): f:314-l:319, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880798

ABSTRACT

O trombo venoso flutuante em veia femoral é um tipo de trombo com alto potencial de embolização pulmonar. Entretanto, ainda é controversa a conduta mais apropriada nesses casos. Tratamentos clínicos com anticoagulantes ou fibrinolíticos e trombectomias abertas ou por meio de dispositivos endovasculares vêm sendo empregados ainda sem um critério de indicação bem definido. Apresentamos três casos clínicos de trombos flutuantes em veia femoral, de etiologias distintas, cujos tratamentos e respectivas evoluções serão discutidos


A floating venous thrombus in the femoral vein is a type of thrombus with a high potential for pulmonary embolization. However, the most appropriate management for these cases is still controversial. Clinical treatments, using anticoagulants or fibrinolytics, open thrombectomies, or thrombectomies by means of endovascular devices have all been used, although the criteria for indication of each are not yet defined. We present 3 clinical cases of floating thrombi in femoral veins with different etiologies and discuss their respective treatments and outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Femoral Vein/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Enoxaparin/administration & dosage , Lower Extremity , Pulmonary Embolism , Therapeutics/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Thrombosis/surgery , Ultrasonics/methods , Warfarin/administration & dosage
10.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 236-246, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction. To identify the impact of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and associated medical and surgical factors on outcomes post liver transplant (LT). Material and methods. Two analyses were performed. Analysis One: cohort study of 505 consecutive patients who underwent LT (Alberta) between 01/2002-12/2012. PVT was identified in 61 (14%) patients. Analysis Two: cohort study of 144 consecutive PVT patients from two sites (Alberta and London) during the same period. Cox multivariable survival analysis was used to identify independent associations with post-LT mortality. Results. In Analysis One (Alberta), PVT was not associated with post-LT mortality (log rank p = 0.99). On adjusted analysis, complete/occlusive PVT was associated with increased mortality (Hazard Ratio (HR) 8.4, p < 0.001). In Analysis Two (Alberta and London), complete/occlusive PVT was associated with increased mortality only on unadjusted analysis (HR 3.7, p = 0.02). On adjusted analysis, Hepatitis C (HR 2.1, p = 0.03) and post-LT portal vein re-occlusion (HR 3.2, p = 0.01) were independently associated with increased mortality. Conclusion: Well-selected LT patients who had PVT prior to LT had similar post-LT outcomes to non-PVT LT recipients. Subgroups of PVT patients who did worse post-LT (complete/occlusive thrombosis pre-LT, Hepatitis C or post-LT portal vein re-occlusion) warrant closer evaluation in listing and management post-LT.


Subject(s)
Portal Vein , Liver Transplantation , Venous Thrombosis/complications , End Stage Liver Disease/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/surgery , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Chi-Square Distribution , Proportional Hazards Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Liver Transplantation/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis C/complications , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/mortality , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , End Stage Liver Disease/diagnosis , End Stage Liver Disease/mortality , End Stage Liver Disease/virology , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality , Liver Cirrhosis/virology
11.
Clinics ; 71(11): 650-656, Nov. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control. METHOD: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery. Clinical features (hyperpigmentation, hematoma, aesthetics, pain, skin burn, nerve injury, and thrombophlebitis) were evaluated at one week, one month, and six months postoperatively. Hemodynamic assessments (presence of resection or occlusion of the great saphenous vein and recurrent reflux in the sapheno-femoral junction and in the great saphenous vein) were performed at one month, six months, and 12 months postoperatively. The independent observer (a physician not involved in the original operation), patient, and duplex ultrasonographer were not made aware of the treatment done in each case. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02588911. RESULTS: Among the clinical variables analyzed, only the aesthetic evaluation by the physicians was significant, with radiofrequency ablation being considered better than conventional surgery (average, 0.91 points higher: standard deviation: 0.31; 95% confidence interval: -1.51, -0.30; p=0.003). However, in our study, we observed primary success rates of 80% for radiofrequency ablation and 100% for conventional surgery. CONCLUSIONS: If the physician is not required to inform the patient as to the technique being performed, the patient will not be able to identify the technique based on the signs and symptoms. Our study revealed that both techniques led to high levels of patient satisfaction, but our results favor the choice of conventional surgery over radiofrequency ablation, as patients who underwent conventional surgery had better hemodynamic assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Catheter Ablation/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Leg/blood supply , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Venous Insufficiency/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Femoral Vein/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex , Varicose Veins/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(5): 406-408, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829753

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present a case of a 41-year-old female with deep vein thrombosis after abdominal surgery. The patient quickly developed severe pulmonary embolism and stroke representative of paradoxical embolism. Echocardiography showed a thrombus straddling a patent foramen ovale, which was confirmed intraoperatively. An accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment decisions are crucial for preventing patient deterioration in the form of new pulmonary embolisms or stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Foramen Ovale, Patent/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Abdomen/surgery
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 200-204, July-Sept/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-753991

ABSTRACT

Introduction Although venous thromboembolism (VTE) is seen with morbidity and mortality in various surgical specialties, scarce data are available in the head and neck surgery domain. Objective We aim to determine the incidence of VTE in patients receiving surgery for head and neck cancer. Methods Four hundred thirteen patients who underwent head and neck surgery procedures between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients with head and neck surgery had received thromboprophylaxis (i.e., compression stockings and subcutaneous heparin). Patient demographics, operating time, and length of hospital stay were analyzed. The incidence of symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) during the initial postoperative hospitalization was assessed. Results Twelve patients were identified who developed VTE. Three patients developed DVT, and nine developed PE. The incidence of DVT and PE was 0.72 and 2.17%, respectively. Interestingly, all of these patients had undergone excision of extensive head and neck cancers accompanied by a reconstructive procedure. Patients who developed PE had a longer hospital stay compared with those who only had DVT. There were overall three mortalities in the nine patients who developed PE. Conclusion Although VTE has a low incidence, it is a known complication of extensive head and neck surgeries with life-threatening outcomes. We recommend early mobilization and physiotherapy with the possible aid from appropriate mechanical and pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control , Anticoagulants
15.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 26(1): 24-29, ene.-mar. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-766829

ABSTRACT

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to acute variceal hemorrhage is a medical emergency, with significant morbidity and mortality, which usually requires a multidisciplinary approach from gastroenterologists, intensive care physicians, and surgeons. The most common cause of variceal bleeding is the one that arises from portal hypertension associated with cirrhosis, and best described in terms of prevention, initial management and following treatment that in the minority of cases can be definitive without complex interventions, including liver transplant in cirrhotic patients. Within the etiologies not arising from portal hypertension, splenic vein thrombosis is one of the most important. Characterized by an endoscopic appearance of fundal or isolated gastric varices, without esophageal involvement, a variable number of cases manifest clinically as variceal hemorrhage. Based on different pathophysiology compared to esophageal varices, response to initial treatment is different, endoscopic management involve the use of adhesives (e.g. cyanoacrylate) as treatment of choice, and, in selected cases, surgical treatment can provide a definitive solution. Here we present a clinical case of an adult patient, without history of cirrhosis, who presented to the emergency department with severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to gastric varices, admitted in Intensive Care Unit and treated with endoscopy. Complementary studies with abdominal CT showed spleen vein thrombosis, enlarged spleen and multiple varicesin gastric body and fundus. After stabilization, splenectomy was performed as definitive treatment, with regression of gastric varices on ambulatory control with an upper endoscopy...


La hemorragia digestiva alta por sangrado variceal agudo constituye una emergencia médica, con morbimortalidad significativa asociada, requiriendo manejo multidisciplinario de gastroenterólogos, intensivistas y cirujanos. El sangrado variceal por hipertensión portal secundario a daño hepático crónico es el más habitual y mejor caracterizado en prevención, enfrentamiento inicial y manejo posterior, que en la minoría de los casos puede ser definitivo, sin intervenciones complejas, incluyendo trasplante hepático en pacientes cirróticos. Dentro de las causas de sangrado variceal no asociadas a hipertensión portal, la trombosis de vena esplénica es una de las principales. Caracterizada por presentarse en endoscopia como várices gástricas fúndicas o aisladas sin compromiso esofágico, se manifiestan clínicamente como sangrado variceal agudo en un porcentaje variable de casos. Por tener etiopatogenia distinta a las várices por hipertensión portal, la respuesta frente a las medidas terapéuticas iniciales es distinta, el tratamiento endoscópico de elección es el uso de adhesivos tipo cianoacrilato, y en casos seleccionados, el enfrentamiento quirúrgico puede ofrecer una solución definitiva. Presentamos el caso de una paciente sin antecedentes de daño hepático crónico, que se presentó con hemorragia digestiva alta por sangrado de várices gástricas, con manejo inicial en unidad de paciente crítico y hemostasia por vía endoscópica. En estudio complementario se objetivó trombosis de la vena esplénica con esplenomegalia y múltiples formaciones varicosas en fondo y cuerpo gástrico. Posterior a estabilización se realizó esplenectomía como manejo definitivo, logrando regresión de várices gástricas en endoscopia de control...


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Splenic Vein/surgery , Gastroscopy , Hemostasis , Splenectomy , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Splenic Vein/pathology
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(1): 88-93, Jan-Mar/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744464

ABSTRACT

Aneurysms and thromboses of the portal vein are rare pathologies of the portal system that commonly follow an asymptomatic course. The vast majority of cases are diagnosed as incidental findings during imaging studies. Symptoms of aneurysms are the result of mass effects, while thrombosis symptoms are a function of the liver's ability to form a collateral circulation network in the thrombosis. The scant experience with such cases poses a dilemma for patient management and so the vast majority of authors choose an expectant approach with rigorous patient surveillance and only intervene in symptomatic patients. We report one case of an aneurysm of the portal vein and one case of portal vein thrombosis and discuss management and observation of these patients...


O aneurisma e a trombose de veia porta são doenças raras do sistema porta, que comumente cursam sem sintomas. A grande maioria dos pacientes é diagnosticada com achados em exames de imagem. Os sintomas são atribuídos ao efeito de massa, no caso do aneurisma, e relativos à capacidade hepática de formar uma rede de circulação colateral, no caso da trombose. A escassa experiência nesses casos representa um dilema na abordagem desses pacientes e, portanto, a grande maioria dos autores opta por seguimento rigoroso e a intervenção é indicada apenas para os pacientes sintomáticos. Neste trabalho, relatamos um caso de aneurisma de veia porta e outro de trombose da veia porta, propondo o manejo e o acompanhamento desses pacientes...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Vascular Diseases/diagnosis , Vascular Diseases , Fatty Liver/complications , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Portal Vein/pathology , Abdomen , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 40(2): 266-273, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-711699

ABSTRACT

The surgical management with laparoscopic technique for renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVTT) remains challenging and technically demanding in urological oncology. We present two patients with level II IVTT that were managed with pure conventional laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy. Two patients were diagnosed with a renal tumor with level II IVTT from December 2011 to January 2012. They both underwent pure conventional laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy. During these operations, intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasonography was used to detect the thrombus and ensure complete removal. Two patients were operated through retroperitoneal approach for right renal tumor and transperitoneal approach for left renal tumor respectively. The demographics, perioperative and follow-up data were recorded for the study. Both operations were successfully performed without conversion. They both had no radiographic evidence of recurrence during follow-up. It is concluded that it is feasible to manage renal cell carcinoma with level II IVTT through pure conventional laparoscopic approach in carefully selected patients, which might expand the indication for laparoscopic surgery. The pure laparoscopic approach in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma with level II vena cava tumor thrombus is challenging and requires advanced laparoscopic skills. Multicenter prospective randomized control trials are needed to prove the benefits of this approach.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Nephrectomy/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Vena Cava, Inferior , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Operative Time , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(3): 353-363, May/June/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680103

ABSTRACT

Purpose To study the surgical outcomes of radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy and to determine prognostic factors for survival of Korean patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and venous tumor thrombus. Materials and Methods A total of 124 patients with RCC and venous tumor thrombus who underwent radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy were included in this retrospective study. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were analyzed retrospectively according to various prognostic factors. Results The median overall follow-up period for all patients was 29.0 months; the median survival period was 50.0 months. The 2-, 5- and 10-year CSS rates for all patients were 64.2%, 47.1% and 31.7%, respectively. Those for 76 patients (pN0/xM0) without metastasis at presentation were 80.9%, 64.5% and 44.9%, respectively. For all patients, lower body mass index (BMI), higher Fuhrman grade, presence of symptoms, perinephric fat invasion, invasion of inferior vena cava (IVC) wall, lymph node (LN) involvement and distant metastasis at presentation were independent predictors for decreased CSS on multivariate analysis, while thrombus level was not. For non-metastatic patients, lower BMI, presence of symptoms and tumor size were independently associated with decreased CSS. In terms of RFS, lower BMI, presence of perinephric fat invasion were prognostic factors for recurrence. Conclusions Our data suggest that obesity is independently associated with better survival or lower risk of tumor recurrence in Korean patients undergoing radical nephrectomy with tumor thrombectomy. Also, our results indicate that Fuhrman grade, presence of symptoms, perinephric fat invasion and invasion of IVC wall, LN involvement and distant metastasis at presentation are independent predictors for survival. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging/methods , Nephrectomy/methods , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Body Mass Index , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Republic of Korea , Risk Assessment , Survival Analysis , Time Factors , Venous Thrombosis/surgery
19.
Rev. chil. cir ; 65(2): 139-145, abr. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-671266

ABSTRACT

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a serious complication of end-stage liver disease, representing a challenge for the liver transplantation (LT) team. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of LT in patients with PVT. Methods: All adult patients who underwent a LT from a cadaveric donor between March 1994 and March 2010 were included. PVT was categorized using the classification of Yerdel and McMaster. Results: A total of 109 LT were performed in 105 patients. PVT was found in 13 cases (12.4 percent). In 6 of them (46.2 percent), thrombosis was found preoperatively by transplant routine work up. Pre-transplant systemic anticoagulation was indicated in 3 cases. At the time of surgery, only 10 patients had persistent PVT. Grade I, II, III and IV PVT was found on 2, 3, 4 and 1 patient respectively. In the 3 cases treated with systemic anticoagulation preo-peratively, grade I (1 case) and grade II (2 cases) no thrombus was evident intraoperatively. Endovenectomy was performed in 7 cases; simple thrombectomy in one and a mesenteric vein graft was required in 2 cases. No thrombus recurrence was detected on postoperative follow-up. In-hospital mortality occurred in 2 cases with PTV grade III and IV due to medical complications. One-year patient and graft survival was 69 percent vs 79 percent in patients without PVT (p = 0,476). Conclusion: Liver transplant in patients with PVT thrombosis was not associated with a significant increased risk of mortality. Systemic anticoagulation seems to be warranted while waiting for liver transplantation.


La trombosis de la vena porta (TP) es una complicación grave de la enfermedad hepática crónica terminal. La factibilidad y pronóstico del trasplante hepático (TH) dependen de su extensión en el eje porto-mesentérico. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados del trasplante hepático en pacientes con TP. Material y Método: Estudio de cohorte no concurrente a partir de los registros clínicos de los pacientes adultos con TP sometidos a un TH entre marzo de 1994 y marzo de 2010. Las TP fueron clasificadas en cuatro grados según Yerdel y Mc Master. Resultados: De 109 TH en 105 pacientes, 13 (12,4 por ciento) tuvieron una TP; en 6 de ellos el diagnóstico fue preoperatorio (46,2 por ciento). En tres se indicó tratamiento anticoagulante vía sistêmica (TACO). En el intraoperatorio se encontró TP en 10 pacientes. La trombosis fue grado I, II, III y IV en 2, 3, 4 y 1 pacientes, respectivamente. Los 3 casos tratados con TACO tenían trombosis grado I y II; en ellos no se encontró trombosis durante el trasplante. Se realizó trombectomía simple en 1 paciente, trombectomía por eversión en 7 y un puente mesentérico-portal en 2 casos. No hubo re-trombosis. Dos pacientes (15,4 por ciento) fallecieron de complicaciones médicas con injerto funcionante. La sobrevida al año de seguimiento año fue de un 69 por ciento vs 79 por ciento en los sin TP (p = 0,476). Conclusiones: El TH en pacientes con TP no se asoció a mayor mortalidad en relación a los pacientes trasplantados sin TP. El tratamiento anticoagulante en pacientes con TP puede indicarse mientras se espera el trasplante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Portal Vein , Liver Transplantation/mortality , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Cohort Studies , Postoperative Complications , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Analysis , Thrombectomy , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis/classification
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 28(1): 3-9, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-687341

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Eventos tromboembólicos causam grande preocupação, em decorrência das altas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade existentes e da possibilidade de apresentação clínica com sintomas escassos e, muitas vezes, inespecíficos. A prevenção é a maneira mais eficaz de lidar com esse tipo de evento, que, uma vez estabelecido, pode levar rapidamente à morte. MÉTODO: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo, no período entre maio de 2009 e maio de 2010, com pacientes submetidos a cirurgia plástica no Instituto Ivo Pitanguy. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao protocolo de prevenção de tromboembolismo venoso, após serem avaliados quanto aos fatores predisponentes e de risco. A soma desses fatores gerou uma pontuação, que determinou a profilaxia a ser adotada. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 1.351 pacientes durante o período de um ano. Não houve incidência de tromboembolismo venoso. Foram observados 16 casos de hematoma, 9 (56,25%) deles ocorreram após profilaxia com heparina e 7 (43,75%) sem o uso de quimioprofilaxia. CONCLUSÕES: O protocolo para prevenção de tromboembolismo venoso no Instituto Ivo Pitanguy foi eficaz, sem ocorrência de eventos tromboembólicos e com incidência de hematomas abaixo da encontrada na literatura médica.


INTRODUCTION: Thromboembolic events are a serious concern due to the high rates of morbidity and mortality as well as the possibility of existing disease presenting with scarce and often nonspecific symptoms. Prevention is the most effective management method for this kind of event, which can quickly lead to death once it occurs. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between May 2009 and May 2010 on patients undergoing plastic surgery at the Ivo Pitanguy Institute. All patients underwent the protocol for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after being assessed for risk factors. These factors were summed to generate a score, which determined the prophylaxis to be implemented. RESULTS: During one year, 1351 patients were assessed. There was no incidence of venous thromboembolism. There were 16 cases of hematoma, 9 (56.25%) of which occurred after heparin prophylaxis and 7 (43.75%) of which occurred without the use of prophylaxis. CONCLUSIONS: The protocol for the prevention of venous thromboembolism at the Ivo Pitanguy Institute was effective, with no occurrence of VTE cases and the incidence of hematomas remained below that found in the medical literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Surgery, Plastic , Thrombosis , Retrospective Studies , Venous Thrombosis , Guidelines as Topic , Venous Thromboembolism , Hematoma , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Thrombosis/blood , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/mortality , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control , Guidelines as Topic/analysis , Guidelines as Topic/methods , Guidelines as Topic/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/surgery , Venous Thromboembolism/mortality , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Hematoma/complications , Hematoma/therapy
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