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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 189-192, Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038535

ABSTRACT

Abstract Changes in iron metabolism in heart failure (HF) have been described as an important prognostic marker. To check if the markers of iron kinetics are related to the morbidity and etiology of chagasic cardiomyopathy. Patients with Chronic Chagasic Cardiomyopathy (CCC, n = 40), with indeterminate form (IND, n = 40), besides non-chagasic cardiomyopathy (NCh, n = 40). The mean age was 50.98 ± 5.88 in CCC, 50% were male, 49.68 ± 5.28 in IND, 52.2% were male, and 49.20 ± 10.09 in NCh, 12.5% were male. Lower levels of iron (FeSe) were observed in the CCC groups (93.15 ± 36.53), when compared to IND (125.30 ± 22.79) and NCh (114.77 ± 18.90) (p = 0.0004), lower IST transferrin saturation index in CCC (29.48 ± 6.59), when compared to IND (30.95 ± 7.06) and in the NCh group (39.70 ± 7.54) p = 0.0001), total binding capacity of the lower CTLF iron in the CCC group (297.30 ± 36.46), when compared to the IND group (196.52 ± 56.95) and the NCh group (275.18 ± 33, 48) (p = 0.0001), lower ferritin in the CCC group (134.55, 1.56-42.36), when compared to the IND group (156,25, 1,72-42,20) and the NCh group (112.95, 2.88-42.66) (p = 0.0004). It was also observed that FeSe (95% CI 1.00-1.04, p = 0.0014), IST (95% CI 1.02-1.22) (p = 0.0012) and gender (95% CI 1.07-14.43 p = 0.0038) were independently associated with the degree of ventricular dysfunction in chagasic cardiomyopathy. CCC patients showed greater change in iron metabolism regarding the indeterminate form and other forms of cariomyopathies.


Resumo A alteração do metabolismo do ferro na insuficiência cardíaca (IC) tem sido descrita como um importante marcador prognóstico. Verificar se os marcadores da cinética do ferro guardam relação com a morbidade e a etiologia da cardiomiopatia chagásica. Pacientes com cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC, n = 40), com a forma indeterminada (IND, n = 40), além de cardiomiopatia não chagásica (NCh, n = 40). A idade média foi de 50,98 ± 5,88 no CCC, 50% eram do sexo masculino, 49,68 ± 5,28 no IND, 52,2% eram do sexo masculino e 49,20 ±10,09 no NCh, 12,5% eram do sexo masculino. Observaram-se níveis de ferro (FeSe) menores no grupos CCC (93,15 ± 36,53), quando comparados ao IND (125,30 ± 22,79) e NCh (114,77 ± 18,90) (p = 0,0004), índice de saturação de transferrina (IST) menor no CCC (29,48 ± 6,59), quando comparado ao IND (30,95 ± 7,06) e no grupo NCh (39,70 ± 7,54) (p= 0,0001), capacidade total de ligação do ferro CTLF menor no grupo CCC (297,30 ± 36,46), quando comparado ao grupo IND (196,52 ± 56,95) e ao grupo NCh (275,18 ± 33,48) (p = 0,0001), ferritina menor no grupo CCC (134,55, 1,56-42,36), quando comparada ao grupo IND (156,25, 1,72 - 42,20) e ao grupo NCh (112,95, 2,88-42,66) (p = 0.0004). Verificou-se também que o FeSe (IC% 95% 1,00-1,04; p = 0,0014), o IST (IC 95% 1,02-1,22) (p = 0,0012) e o sexo (IC 95% 1,07-14,43 p = 0,0038) associaram-se independentemente ao grau de disfunção ventricular na cardiomiopatia chagásica. Os pacientes com CCC demonstraram maior alteração no metabolismo do ferro em relação a forma indeterminada e outras formas de miocardiopatias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/metabolism , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Iron Metabolism Disorders/metabolism , Iron/blood , Reference Values , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/physiopathology , Chronic Disease , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Iron Metabolism Disorders/physiopathology , Anemia/physiopathology , Anemia/metabolism
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e5742, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839290

ABSTRACT

Cardiac remodeling is defined as changes in shape and function of the heart in response to aggression (pressure overload). The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase cardiac isoform 2a (SERCA2a) is a known factor that influences function. A wide spectrum of studies report a decrease in SERCA2a in heart failure, but none evaluate it's the role in early isolated diastolic dysfunction in supravalvular aortic stenosis (AoS). Our hypothesis was that SERCA2a participates in such dysfunction. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats (60-80 g) were divided into AoS and Sham groups, which were submitted to surgery with or without aorta clipping, respectively. After 6 weeks, the animals were submitted to echocardiogram and functional analysis by isolated papillary muscle (IPM) in basal condition, hypoxia, and SERCA2a blockage with cyclopiazonic acid at calcium concentrations of 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 mM. Western-blot analyses were used for SERCA2a and phospholamban detection. Data analysis was carried out with Student's t-test and ANOVA. AoS enhanced left atrium and E and A wave ratio, with preserved ejection fraction. Basal condition in IPM showed similar increases in developed tension (DT) and resting tension (RT) in AoS, and hypoxia was similar between groups. After cyclopiazonic acid blockage, final DT was equally decreased and RT was similar between groups, but the speed of relaxation was decreased in the AoS group. Western-blot was uniform in all evaluations. The hypothesis was confirmed, since functional parameters regarding SERCA2a were changed in the AoS group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/physiopathology , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Collagen/analysis , Diastole/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Indoles , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Time Factors , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology
3.
Clinics ; 66(8): 1437-1442, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-598401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of hyperglycemia on left ventricular dysfunction, morphometry, myocardial infarction area, hemodynamic parameters, oxidative stress profile, and mortality rate in rats that had undergone seven days of myocardial infarction. INTRODUCTION: Previous research has demonstrated that hyperglycemia may protect the heart against ischemic injury. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control-sham, diabetes-sham, myocardial infarction, and diabetes + myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was induced 14 days after diabetes induction. Ventricular function and morphometry, as well as oxidative stress and hemodynamic parameters, were evaluated after seven days of myocardial infarction. RESULTS: The myocardial infarction area, which was similar in the infarcted groups at the initial evaluation, was reduced in the diabetes + myocardial infarction animals (23 ± 3 percent) when compared with the myocardial infarction (42 ± 7 percent, p<0.001) animals at the final evaluation. The ejection fraction (22 percent, p = 0.003), velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (30 percent, p = 0.001), and left ventricular isovolumetric relaxation time (26 percent, p = 0.002) were increased in the diabetes + myocardial infarction group compared with the myocardial infarction group. The diabetes-sham and diabetes + myocardial infarction groups displayed increased catalase concentrations compared to the control-sham and myocardial infarction groups (diabetes-sham: 32± 3; diabetes + myocardial infarction: 35± 0.7; control-sham: 12 ± 2; myocardial infarction: 16 ± 0.1 pmol min-1 mg-1 protein). The levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances were reduced in the diabetes-sham rats compared to the control-sham rats. These positive adaptations were reflected in a reduced mortality rate in the diabetes + myocardial infarction animals (18.5 percent) compared with the myocardial infarction animals (40.7 percent, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that short-term hyperglycemia initiates compensatory mechanisms, as demonstrated by increased catalase levels, which culminate in improvements in the ventricular response, infarcted area, and mortality rate in diabetic rats exposed to ischemic injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Hyperglycemia/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Catalase/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Hyperglycemia/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin , Survival Rate , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/pathology
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 94(3): 313-320, mar. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-545816

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Estudos recentes demonstram que a expressão de mediadores inflamatórios, como as citocinas, é um importante fator de desenvolvimento e progressão da insuficiência cardíaca (IC), principalmente na presença de disfunção ventricular esquerda. Essas alterações têm sido demonstradas tanto no plasma como no músculo cardíaco e, mais recentemente, no músculo esquelético de ratos e pacientes com IC. OBJETIVO: Investigar a produção e expressão do fator de necrose tumoral-α (TNF-α) e interleucina-10 (IL-10) no músculo sóleo e extensor digital longo (EDL) em animais com disfunção ventricular pós-infarto do miocárdio (IM). MÉTODOS: Utilizaram-se ratos Wistar machos que foram submetidos à ligadura da artéria coronária esquerda sem posterior reperfusão. Quatro semanas após esse procedimento, os animais foram submetidos à análise ecocardiográfica e divididos nos seguintes grupos experimentais: falso operado (Sham) e IM. Mantiveram-se em observação por um período adicional de 8 semanas. RESULTADOS: O nível da citocina TNF-α aumentou 26,5 por cento (p < 0,05), e sua expressão gênica, 3 vezes (p < 0,01). O nível de IL-10 apresentou diminuição de 38,2 por cento (p < 0,05). Ambas as alterações ocorreram apenas no músculo sóleo, sem alterações no EDL. A diminuição (36,5 por cento, p < 0,05) na razão IL-10/ TNF-α deveu-se tanto ao aumento dos níveis teciduais do TNF-α quanto à diminuição da IL-10 dos níveis teciduais. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos resultados demonstraram alterações relevantes na razão IL-10/ TNF-α, o que pode ter um papel aditivo na avaliação da deterioração e progressão do quadro da disfunção ventricular esquerda pós-IM. Além disso, nosso estudo sugere que essas alterações parecem estar relacionadas ao tipo de fibra muscular.


BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that the expression of inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines, is an important factor for the development and progression of heart failure (HF), especially in the presence of left ventricular dysfunction. These changes have been demonstrated both in the plasma and heart muscle and, more recently, in skeletal muscle of rats and in patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the production and expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the soleus and the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of animals with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We used male Wistar rats that underwent ligation of the left coronary artery without reperfusion. Four weeks after this procedure, the animals underwent echocardiography and were divided into the following experimental groups: sham operated (sham) and IM. They remained under observation for a further period of 8 weeks. RESULTS: The level of the cytokine TNF-α increased by 26.5 percent (p <0.05), and its gene expression increased 3 times (p <0.01). The level of IL-10 decreased by 38.2 percent (p <0.05). Both changes occurred only in the soleus muscle, with no change in the EDL. The decrease (36.5 percent, p <0.05) in the IL-10/TNF-α ratio was due to both increased tissue levels of TNF-α and decreased tissue levels of IL-10. CONCLUSION: Our results showed significant changes in the IL-10/TNF-α ratio, which may have an additive role in the assessment of deterioration and progression of left ventricular dysfunction post-MI. Furthermore, our study suggests that these changes seem to be related to the muscle fiber type. (Arq Bras Cardiol 2010; 94(3):293-300)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , /biosynthesis , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/biosynthesis , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , /genetics , Models, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Ventricular Function
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